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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 06, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1945, Mason City, Iowa IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP HkSTOBY AND ylAwittJWf 1 A rjf VOL LI SATURDAY JANUARY e 1945 Associated Press and United Prea Full Leased Wires NAZI DRIVES MENACE STRASBOURG Yanks Sink 27 Nippon Vessels and Damage 68 CARRIER CRAFT VICTORIOUS ON FORMOSA RAIDS Americans Destroy 111 Japanese Planes With Daring Assaults US Pacific Fleet Headquarters Pearl Harbor fleet carrier planes destroyed 111 Jap anese planes and sank or damaged 95 ships in a daring pun ishing two day assault on China guarding Formosa and Okinawa fleet Adm C W Nimitz announc ed Saturday Striking all the way across the Pacific many planes from Vice Adm John S McCains force winged down 500 miles of the China coast searching for Japanese shipping reported Associated War Correspondent Kembert aboard McCains flagship James The Formosa attacks were made Tuesday and Wednesday U S Twentyseven ships were sunk Sixtyeight ships were dam aged Nimitz communique did not mention the first China probing flight by navy carrier planes ap parently because no material at tack targets were sighted bypilots making their first reconnaissance of the China coast goal of a three Local Flyer Holds Record for Flying Torpedo Planes Lt Smith Is Now Operating From Carrier Off Philippine Islands LT STEPHEN SMITH Editors note The following story about Lt Stephen Smith whose wife and 3 children live at 115 16th S E was carried in the air section of the army and navy department of the Jan 8 issue of Time This is not the first hon orable mention of the Mason City lieutenant who is distinguished as having flown torpedo bombers more hours than any other living man He was also named in the book Then There Was One which gives a graphic description of the many exploits of the Aircraft Car rier Enterprise one of them tell ing of the local navy officers re pairing the steering geer of his ship while working in a tempera ture of 180 degrees He is the inlaw of Guy Davis 636 East State Not all flyers are tall husky glamor boys Lt Stephen Smith u S N is a slight 42 year older with a heavy mustache He has a wife a 14 year old daughter 2 small sons Smitty also has a record which will be hard to beat year fighting advance Pacific across the But James significantly report edy that pitots wbo flew over Declared tney iriland rtc Americaj interior air bases to re fueL This report discloses that Amer ican earner planes possibly could make shuttling air raids on China mainland targets in major force after refueling and rearming at ChineseAmerican land fields they coulJ fly back to their car riers Following closely upon Admiral McCains air sweeps over Japans strategically important Formosa and Okinawa air fields another task force of Admiral Nimitz1 fleet shelled Japanese bases at Haha and Chichi Jima in the Bo nins Friday In his terse report on the For mosaOkinawa strikes Nimitz said 220 Japanese planes were dam aged in sweeps over virtually all operating enemy air fields on the 2 island bases linking Japan with the MacArthurthreatened Philip pines The enemy offered ineffective air opposition said Nimitz coi munique The feebleness of Japanese air opposition probably was explained by 3 factors First cloudy weather shielded the approach of McCains force and made difficult any Japanese sorties from their land fields Second McCains flyers with the weathers aid probably achieved considerable surprise Third with this surprise advan tage McCain presumably struck with such overwhelming numbers of planes Uutt the Japanese were probably pin led down before they could strikeback In the Benin bombardment at tack task force ships concentrated their shell fireon Futami Ko har bor installations on Chichi Jima The major targets of the task force guns a Haha were Okimura town and HfeashJ harbor Fires were started in Okimura town and a Japanese ship was sunk west of Haha Jima Enemy shore batteries offered meager return fire They did how ever inflict minor damage to task force ships The Bonifi bases lie about 100 miles north ot heavily pounded Iwo Jima in the Volcanos Like Iwo Jima they have probably been used by Japanese planes striking at the Saipan base of Tokyoraid ing Superfortresses Gets Recipe for Cake and Bill for Kansas City school teacher took a vacation trip to New Vorfc City last summer and enjoyed some delicious cake and icing a widely known Manhat tan hotel Returning home she wrote to the hptel and asked for the recipes concluding Naturally I am will pay for them e received the recipes by re tuon mail with a bill for S100 in Ssed A lawyer advised her to pay she did Smitty who learned to fly about the time a lot of World war II pilots were learning to walk has flown more than 6200 hours In 169 landings on carriershe has brought his plane in without even flattening a tire Worst wear and tear on any of his planes has come from enemy giinlire whichi abt Smitty lias been bombing Japs since the beginning of the war and has flown torpedo bombers more hours than any other living man in the navy Last week he wa still at it flyingoff an Essexdas carrier near the Philippines Like Ty Cohb in his later years Smitty nowautomatically sets a record every time he goes to bat Stephen Burdette Smith had to lie about his age to get into the navy back in 1919 He was just 16 when he went off to boot camp at Great Lakes In 1927 at aviation school he took his first uncertain solo hop Fifteen years later Chief Machinists Mate Smith flew off the Enterprise against Japheld Kwajalein and on June 3 1942 worrying about a photograph he had meant to send to his wife Smitty in an old TBD into the Battleof Midway We went in 50 feet off the wa ter without fighter cover he re members The Japs were firing into the water ahead of us and fir ing antiaircraft bursts to direct their lighters to us A Zero rid dled my radio and my armor plate and my radiomans armor plate r one my gas tanks 1 dicin t thinfc we had a chance so I went on in and got up close to the Jap carrier before I let the torpedo go I think I got a hit Im that pic Mostly I was saying Mom afraid youll never get ture Out of 50 outmoded TBDs which had taken off from U S carriers that day only 4 came back Smittys battered bomber was one of thorn Mom got her Picture Smitty got I a commis sion as ensign 2 a navy cross and a citation which read in extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces When Smitty aged became lieutenant he set another kind of record With his fogies extra pay for years of allow ances and flying pay he was earn ing a month became prob ab y the navys bestpaid lieuten ant He Wondered Why So Many Stared at Him New York Dye newspaper advertising man won dered why people stared in his di rection as he sat at lunch He checked to see if his tie was in his soup mopped his face with his handkerchief to wipe off any smudge Still people stared Finally a waitress reassured nm Tlres nothing wrong with Greta Garbo on your left 50TH YEAR Boston Scientists Saturday observed the 50th an niversary of the dedication of the mother church the First Church of Christ Scientist and a halt cen tury of religious accomplishment Casualties of Allies Far Under Nazis Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Paris Allied casualties have been far be low those suffered by the enemy and have not been particularly high compared with the scale of action since the opening of the von Run siedt offensive an appraisal rGerman casualtiessihce trje counteroffensive began Dec 16 were estimated as in the neigh of which 9 nnn 22000 were said to be prisoners Anamosa Attorney and Wife Killed When Auto Train Collide Lisbon Iowa JP 40 Anamosa Wright Fraz attorney and his wife Marian Erb Frazier 42 were killed Friday night in acol lision of their automobile with a westbound Northwestern freight train at a crossing here The accident occurred when the couple started to drive across the tracks after having waited for an eastbound freight to pass They were enroute to the home of Mr and Mrs Harlan Briggs of Lisbon where a dinner had been planned in observance of Frazier fortieth birthday KNOCKS OUT NAZIS With The U S Third Army UP Kenneth Sauer Davenport Iowa was commander of one crew of 5 antiaircraft guns which Fri day knocked 10 of 25 German planes out of the sky in a 20min ule ground and air encounter Cerro Gordo Over Top in Bond Soles SEE PAGE 12 C A Knutson shown above Saturday revealed icavy purchases of war bonds the last week of the cam paign putting Cerro Gordo county far past the quota fig ure See story on page 12 Japs Believe Convoys Head for Luzon By UNITED PRESS Tokyo radio said Saturday that present positions of 3 large Ameri can convoys point to a landing on Luzon island in the Philip A broadcast recorded by United Press at San Francisco said One enemy convoy including an estimated 100 landing barges and escorted by a large task force is now west of Lingayen gulf in western central Luzon In the wa ters west of Panay island another strong convoy including 10 air craft carriers South of Negros is land a third convoy of consider able strength is also cruising west ward The Tokyo announcer concluded Through the positions and move ments of these strong enemy con voys a possible enemy landing on Luzon is predictable Another broadcast claimed that before dawn Saturday Japanese aircraft attacked U S surface units which appeared offSan Fer nando on Luzon and damaged a cruiser a battleship and 2 de stroyers An earlier Japanese communi que asserted that in waters west of Luzon two aircraft carriers and a battleship had been sunk YANKS OCCUPY ISLE OF MAKINOTJQUE NEAK LUZON Allied Headquarters Philippines invasion forces threatened southern Luzon Satur day from Marinduque strategic is land only a dozen miles away after an unopposed leapfrog land ing from Mindoro 25 miles to th west Sixth army troops landed at Buenavista on the southwest coast of Marinduque Wednesday with air and naval support quick ly overran the remainder of the island and set up defenses against any enemy counterthrusts from Luzon east of MJndoro we gained con trol of the Sibuyan Sea and estab lished direct contact with the southern coast of Luzon Gen Donglas MacArthur announced in his daily communique Assuming other 6tti army troops to be in full control of Mindoro American forces now were flank ing southern Luzon along a front at nearly 10 miles and Japanese broadcasts speculated that an in vasion of Luzon itself was in the making Doughboys went ashore on the east and west coasts of Mindoro Tuesday and Wednesday and it was presumed that by this time they had filtered through to the northern shore opposite Luzon Northeast Mindoro lies about 9 miles from Luzons Batangas pen insula while Marindiicme is 12 miles from Luzons Bondoc penin sula Japanese planes attacked Amer ican installations onMindoro un der cover of darkness and though few bombs were dropped they caused some damage Night fight ers and anti aircraft gunners shot down 4 of the raiders Unescorted Liberators and Mitchells stepped up their daily raids on Manilas Clark field some 100 miles northwest of Marin duque and destroyed 30 enemy aircraft on the ground Other ene my planes were damaged and smoke rose to 5000 feet from fires and explosions among airfield in stallations Only one Japanese fighter op posed the attack the first time since Monday that an enemy plane has taken to the air against Amer ican raiders over the field Mitchells and Warhawks hit Linbones Island on Manila bay Wednesday and harassed Laoag airdrome in northwest Luzon de stroying 4 enemy planes On Leyte American troops killed 301 more enemy troops and FR Asks Congress for National Service Law PLEA FOR UNITY AMONG ALLIES GETS EMPHASIS Total Mobilization of Manpower to Beat Nazis This Year Is Urged Washington UR President Boosevelt Saturday asked congress for a national service law totally mobilizing our manpower and wo manppwer to help lick the Ger mansthis year and to speed de struction of Japans malignant power The request was made in his 13th annual message tocongress on the state of the union embrac ing the whole fields of troubled domestic and foreign affairs The president implied that a united nations treaty marking the beginning of the organization of world peace would be submitted to the senate in 1945 In addition to a general national service law he asked for amend ment of the selective service act to permit immediate induction of nurses into the armed forces and for legislation making 4000000 4Fs available in whatever ca pacity is best for the Avar effort Devoting much of his message to an urgent plea for unity and mutual understanding among the allies he said This new year of 1945 can be the greatest of achievemen The 8000 word message was read to a joint session ofhouse and senate by clerks immediately after congress had canvassed the electoral votes and officially de clared Mr Roosevelt elected for a fourth term Disillusionment after World war 1 led us to prefer international anarchy to international cooper ation with nations which did not see and think exactly as we did Mr Roosevelt told the congress He warned that if it happens again we shall be on the road to a third world war We cannot and will not shrink he continued from the political responsibilities which follow in the wake of must not this time lose the hope of estab lishing an international order which will be capable ol main taining peace and realizing through the years more perfect justice between nations Most important of all said Mr Roosevelt summing up post war political hopes 1945 can and must see the substantial beginning of the organization of world obvious hint that some part of the proposed ma chinery is to be submitted to the senate this year in treaty form Mr Roosevelt frankly admitted concern about the Greek and Pol ish situations He said there were many troubling matters But he reminded that they are not dealt with simply and that we do have obligations not necessarily leffll to the exiled the underground leaders and to our major ullics who came much nearer the shadows than we did He pleaded that we do NOT ex ploit nor exaggerate the differ ences between ourselves and our allies The principles of the At lantic charter have been written into the declaration of the united nations he recalled and this country will use its influence to see that those principles are ful captured 7 in moppingup opera1 flled so rar as is humanly pos tions sible Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional light snow Saturday night and Sunday No decided change in temperature Lowest Saturday night in Mason City 5 above Iowa Light snow Saturday night and Sunday Not so cold Satur day night Little change in tem perature Sunday Shippers fore cast Southwest 10 above all others 5 above Minnesota Snow Saturday night through Sunday night Not so cold Saturday night FN MASON CITY lobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 7 Minimum Friday night 2 At 8 a m Saturday Snow u Maximuin inch 25 Snowfall The army and navy have 40000 nurses They need 20000 more at once and the situation is tragic the president said There are 280 000 registered nurses in the United States He said it was estimated that 27000 could be made avail able to the armed senices without interfering loo seriously with civilian needs The president pro posed that they be drafted and at once by amendment ol the se lective service act He urged men and women in war jobs to stay in them He sum moned those in unessential occu pations to get into the war effort now This is no time to quit or to change to less essential jobs he said There is an old and true saying that the Lord hates a quit ter Airplane production goals are going up The army needs artil lery ammunition cotton duck bombs tires tanks heavy trucks and more airplanes including the B29 model that is pasting Japan The navy is hampered by ammu nition shortages and the produc BATTLE OF BELGIAN the show down stage is the battle of the Belgian bulge as Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges 1st army launches an attack from the north to join with the 3rd army which is on the southern side to put a gigantic squeeze on the enemy salient Uon of huge rockets lags Labor shortages have delayed cruiser and carrier programs and produc tion of some aircraft The president outlined all of that and then presented to con gress his request for allout na tional service legislation backed by the triearmy arid i riayy gress make good orf the promise it made in joint resolutions declar ing that a state of war existed with Japan and Germany The promise was that to bring the conflict to a successful conclusion all of the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the con gress of the United States There were no conditions this time to his national service re quest as there were a year ago when the president made it part of a fivepoint program that he wanted kept together Recalling that his 1944 recom mendation was not adopted Mr Roosevelt said I now asaih call upon congress to enact this measure for the total mobilization of all our human re sources for the prosecution of the war I urge this to be done at the earliest possible moment It Js not too late in the war In fact bitter experience has shown that in this kind of mechan ized warfare where new weapons are constantly being created by our enemies and by ourselves the closer we come to the end of the war the more pressing becomes the need for sustained war pro duction with which to deliver the final blow to the enemy In addition to recommending immediate passage of the national equivocal answer to the hopes of the nazis and the Japanese that we may become halfhearted about this war and that they can get from us a negotiated peace NAME the 4Fs other points in his domestic Wins on 1 st Ballot at Republican Caucus Des Moines P Rep Harold Felton RIndianola was chosen speaker of the Iowa house on the first ballot at a caucus of re publican repre sentatives Sat urday Formal elec tion of a speak er will take place when the legislature con venes Monday butthe heavy republican ma jority makes the caucus tantamount to FTLTON election Felton received 62 votes Rep Albert Steinberg RAmes 16 Rep A H A very RSpencer 7 and Hep Ivan R Mills RAdair 1 There tire 91 republican repre sentatives The selection was made with virtually no discussion a few min utes after the caucus opened Aft cr the Iirst was announced the m the legislation to use j Steinberg moved to make Ule President made these choice unanimous ami it was sec onded by A very The speaker ot the house receives 32000 for the ALLIES SMASH FROM NORTH AT BELGIAN BULGE Von Rundstedt Displays New Tank Strength at West Tip of Salient Paris Marshal Mont gomerys British and American battle team fought deeper into the middle ot the north wall of the Belgian wedge Saturday as a new German offensive in Alsace THREATENED STRASBOURG with a 3 way drive Amid a flurry of attacks and counterattacks U S first army units under Montgomerys com mand gouged out a series of gains of more than a mile capturing Odeigtie mopping up Devantave and advancing to a crossroads near Frailure where they were within mile of the vital Lar coheSl Vith highway Suddenly reversing his appar ent intention of withdrawing strength from the western Up of his bulge however von Rund stedt threw a blow at Britishheld sectors and KNOCKED THEM BACK for as much as lDOO yards recapturing Bure at the deepest point of his present into Belgium The 82nd airborne division ot the first army advanced along the Snlm river below Trois Fonts and southwest of Stavelot at the east ern end of the active Montgomery front The 2nd armored division gauged out the gain at Devantave 4 miles north of Laroche and 14 miles north of Lt Gen George S Pattous 3rd army positions at Bastogne The 30th infantry division pushed forward against slight op position on the flank of the 82nd pro gram of universal mili tary training after the war as an essential factor in the mainten ance of peace in the future employment after the war with reliance as much as possible on private enterprise to provide close to 60000000 jobs 3 Assurance of opportunities for new small enterprises and pro ductive business expansion for which financing would be guaran teed by the government 4 Extensive development of na tional resources and a large public works program as part of the full employment program including the construction of thousands of airports and an overhaul of our entire national highway system Industry labor and federal state and local government coop eration to provide belter housing 6 Expanded social security health and education programs 7 Peacetime revision of our present tax system to encourage private demand No general re vision of the tax structure can be made until the war ends on all fronts he said but he asked con gress to be prepared to provide tax modification at the end of the war in Europe He made three basic arguments for a national service law 1 It ivould assure that we have the right number of workers in the right places at the right times 2 It would give supreme proof to our fighting men that we are iving them what they are en titled to which is nothing less than our total effort 3 It would be the final un session twice as much as the other representatives As speaker Fellou will preside over the house and have a major role in guiding proposals through the lower chamber The speaker at the last session was Henry W Burma who dropped out of the legislature this yenr o make an unsuccessful race for the governorship The selection of FeHon 54 year old grain and feed manufacturer was in line with precaucus pre dictions A native of Warren county he was chairman of the republican central committee in that county 10 years In 1930 he was named a member of the re publican state central committee from the 7th district He served as a member of the board of control from 1931 to 1939 He is serving his second 2 ycar term in the house Edw J Morirsscy Valeria was chosen speaker prolcm to pre side in the house during the speakers absence He was selected on the first ballot with 57 votes His closest competitor was An thony Te Paske Sioux Center with 22 votes The only real contest in the cau cus came in the selection of a floor leader Three ballots were required to choose X T Prentis Mt Ayr by a vote of 47 to 39 over Henry W Wormley Kingsley George E Farmer Cedar Rapids withdrew as a candidate after the second ballot Buy your Stamps from carrier boy War your Bonds and GlobeGazelle The huge battle in Vt least 6 allied and 3 Ger now committed in a great winter struggle was esti mated at supreme headquarters Saturday to have taken a toll of around 100000 Germans includ ing 22000 captured As against this the allies meas ured losses far below those of the Germans An appraisal said allied losses were not particularly high in comparison with the scale of the action Field dispatches said the Ger man commander had pot in 30 400000 men and still had reserves which he had not committed The suddenly stiffened stand at the western tip of his bulge in dicated von Rundstedt was shift ing armored combat formations from sector to sector to meet each new threat This was suggested too by the slackening of the German coun terattacks against rations 3rd army on the south side of the salient where only 6 enemy stabs were turned back in the last 24 hours compared with 18 on the previous day f Patton however had been com pelled to draw back on a 3 mile front cast of Bastogne and erase from one to twothirds of his 3 mite gain in that direction during 3 day attack that he launched Dec 31 In Alsace the Americans still battled stoutly on both sides of the German wedge driven 15 mite south of the Palatinate bor der in 5 days They were trying as they did in Belgium to hold the German channel and still held their posi tions at Lcmbcrg and Barenthal on the west and east sides of the 9 mile wide bulge The second German drive had burst through U S seventh army lines for 15 miles in 5 days south east of Bitche in northern Alsace The Americans still fought to wipe out an advance gunrd which had filtered into Wingen on the Moder river 9 miles southeast of Bitche and 28 miles northwest of Strasbourg where the Germans were within 12 miles of Saverne the Vosges backdoor to Stras bourg The enemy had landed in bat talion strength at least along a 7 mile stretch on the west bank of the Rhine within 7 miles north of Strasbourg and had lashed out from the northern rim of his Col inar bridgehead and driven into Neunkirch 19 miles south ol Strasbourg Although front line dispatches said this new offensive had been blimtcd It threatened to pinch out a 30mile deep allied salient between the Saar and the Rhine which had been pointed into the Wissembourg gap toward the Ger man Rhine city of Karlsruhe The Americans were drawing back from the Wissembourg area and allied authorities were battling to prevent the spread of panic flight among civilians in Stras bourg and Haguenau The Germans had brought up heavy artillery up to 2BO ma ;