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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1944, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM PAPER I Am Ammunition For Dont Waste or Throw Me Away or AND ARCHIVES DIS HOlftCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION iMAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 6 19M Tills Paper Consists ot Two One NO 71 BRITISH BLAST STETTIN IN BIG NIGHT ASSAULT Mosquito Bombers Hit Berlin West Germany and Northern France London Germanys biggest port on the Baltic was blasted by the RAFs heavy town Wednesday night and Berlinwas bombed by mosquito raiders1 in a doubleedged assaul to disrupt the emer gency supply system of the bal vtered capital and shatter an im portant maritime lifeline to thr Russian front air ministry in announcing the Stettin attack said the assaul was carried out in bright moon light on a heavy scale with th storm of bombs well concentrate the objectives Besides hitting Berlin for th 2nd nignt in a row thus allowin thebombpitted capital but on nights surcease since Sundaj the mosquitos directed othe blows at targets in western Gei many and northern France Fifteen aircraft were lost in th assorted attacks which included the 1300mile round trip raid on Stettin The latter port a city of 260 000 which is 75 miles northeast of Berlin was last hit on April 20 when 90 buildings of a 5Iacre chemical factory were destroyed and severe damage done to edible oil factories barracks military depots and ammunition stores Besidesbeing an important marine and railroad terminal for supply of Germanys Baltic front in Russia Stettin is a key pee in Hitlers industrial structure where many submarines and small ships are turned out With extensive damage in the last few weeks to communications into Berlin and the disruption of the commercial center of Leipzig to the south recently it was like ly too that much emergency traf including the shipment of Berlin had been di verted to routes through Stettin r The of the port city may therefore have been another blowin the battle of Berlin witzerlandWed nesday said was now half destroyed and that another 25 per cent of the city was badly damaged The RAFs thundering night fleet took off early in the eve ning for the long journey and did not get hack until dawn But the losses were appreciably less than last April whenStettin and Ros tock were raided and 31 bombers were lost in the joint attack The operation was the RAFs 3rd big raid in 5 days of January and the 4th in 8 recort pace for what normally is the years worst weather period Meanwhile the Stockholm AC tontidningen reported that the ar senal and the important Deutschi Werke naval shipyard at Kie were almost completely destroyei in Wednesdays heavy bombe raid in which airfields at Bor deaux arid Tours in France an other industrial targets in west ern Germany were hard hit Th shipyard built the pocket battle ship Luetzow the battleshi Gneisenau and the aircraft car rier Graf Zeppelin The big U S bombers an escorting fighters which partic pated in the sweeping raids o Germany and France Wedncsda were credited officially wit shooting down 95 nazi planes SPJ55 5th Army Opens New Drive Batter On in Pillbox Maze U S CARRIER DOWNS JAP TORPEDO aboard a United States airplane carrier fall to the deck No 1 as a Jap torpedo plane 1 of 6 that attacked the ship roars near during an American December raid on the Japheld Marshall islands No 2 The lowflying Jap nears the carrier as antiaircraft gunners open up smoke puffs and white streaks which are tracer American marksmanship scores a hit on a wing No which soon disintegrates No AP wirephoto from U S navy newsreel F R Lists Lendlease at 18 Billion 1944 to See Decisive Actions Washington President Roosevelt in a report placing total lendlcase aid to Americas allies at 518608000000 through Nov 30 declared Thursday that 1944 will be a year of decisive actions in the He declared the united ons had increased their powers defeat the axis and had beat n back our enemies on every ront At allied war councils at Te eran and Cairo a few weeks go the president said plans i ere made for major offensives hich will speed victory With the closer unity there chieved he asserted we shall e able to strike ever increasing jlows until the uncond itional sur ender ofthenazis and He credited lendlease with in reasing the allied off en ives emphasizing tremendous in rcases in shipments of munitions It was his 13th report on lend ease since the program began in March 1941 and it was trans mitted to the secretary of the enate and clerk of the house Up to the end of November the program which was described as an essential element of united nations strategy took 135 cents out of every dollar of American var expenditures Although the first 11 months of 1943 accounted for of the total of lendlease aid com pared with in all of 1942 a table in the report showed ihat the flow had been lessening every month since a peak was reached last August The total includes money spent for such services as training com bat pilots and repairing ships as well as the value of goods to which title was transferred Exports the assistance actively recipient nations country on the list for lendlease butter and has received 33500 tons At the same time American forces in the Pacific got 8Z50 tons of butter through reverse lend lease from Australia and New Zealand From January through October 1943 the report said the average American consumed 11 pounds of butter whereas only ounces per were lendleased Lendlease aid toRussia in the lirsf 10 months oflast year was up 63 per with aircraft ordnance and other mu nitions constituting 56 per cent of the export value The lendlease aid we have furnished the report asserted has been effectively used in the red armys advances in the Ukraine and White Russia Through October we sent to the U S S R nearly 7000 planes more than to any other lendlease country more than 3500 tanks and 195000 motor vehicles in cluding trucks jeeps motorcy cyles and other vehicles Exports of foodstuffs to the so viet union included 343000 tons of wheat and flour 277000 tons of sugar 324000 tons of canned meat 441000 tons of fats and oils 136000 tons of dried fruits and vegetables and 38000 tons of dried eggs Munitions comprised 48 per cent of lendlease exports to Britain in the first 10 months of 1943 The report told how lend NAZIS USE NEW TYPE OF MINE Machine Explodes After Being Hurled Into Air Washington war de partment revealed Thursday that the Germans had perfected an in genious new land mine which ex ploded in the air imcl was causing serious casualties among U S army personnel in Italy The mine dubbed bouncm Betty is buried and has 3 prongs protruding above ground When a prong is disturbed a small charge hurls the mine some 5 feet in the air where it explodes scattering steel fragments in all directions Sometimes the war departmen said the soldiers can hear a sharp pop when a prong is stepped on This is caused by the firing of a powder train When they hear this they cahusuallyxsaie thgraselyes by droppingquicklytb the mine explodes laterally owever most men fail to hea PUT PRESSURE ON NEW BRITAIN Japs Have Lost 160 Planes in 2 Weeks of Defending Rabaul By MOKRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor By land and by air allied forces stepped up the pressure in the campaign to remove 300 mile long New Britain as the key Japanese base in the southwest Pacific While U S marines routed en emy remnants in the Borgen bay area on the islands western tip warplancs from the south Pacific flew in again to the northeastern extremity to continue the air sweeps designed to knock out Ra baul the battered center ot Japa nese strength on New Britain That Rabaul bombed into uselessness both as an air and shipping base was the confident declaration of marine IMaj Gen Ralph 3 Mitchell of New Britain Conn whose Solo mons air force neutralized the Nipponese air fields on invaded Bougainville Although the Japanese have ost more than 160 planes in de ense of Rabaul in the last 2 veeks alone Gen Mitchell said le allout air offensive against he enemy strong hold has barely Nazis Retreat Into Pripet Marshes ReForm for New Stand Reds Continue Gains By HENRY C CASSIDY Moscow German army of Field Marshal Fritz von Mannstein has retreated into the Pripet marshes and reformed for another stand along the prewar Polish frontier west and south of Olevsk a customs station tarted yet vont be Ions delivered to added up t o through than Hi times the sum for all of 1942 Mu Vleans of Averting 44 Pork Production rop Are Discussed Des iMoincs W Means of verting a possible drop in 1941 ork production to a point below vartirne needs will be discussed t a midwestern conference here lease planes and bombs are help ing to devastate German indus tries and mentioned tremendous offensives to be launched from Britain 000 an increase of 142 per cent Obviously taking cognizance o over the corresponding 10 months of 1942 Russia got S3550000000 of the the biggest score hung up since exports and the United Kingdom the Dec 11 attack at Emdeii whcnlSS fighters were destroyed Wednesdays raids which ex tended over a record 800mile iront cost a total of 25 heavy bombers and 12 fighters CREDITED WITH 26TH JAP PLANE Major Boyington Ties Record Set by Foss Guadalcanal Greg ory Boyinglon of Okanoqan Wash was officially credited Thursday with shooting down his 26th Japanese plane to tic the record set by a fellow marine Major Joe Foss Boyington a former member ol the Flying Tigers in China got his 26th in a raid on Rabaul New Britain 3 days ago More than 50 fighters participating in the sweep over the Rapopo airdrome shot down 20 intercepting zeros with 5 more listed as probables Two corsairs were lost The 30 year old flyer leading ace in both the south and south 1 west Pacific sectors brought down his 25th enemy plane Dec 26 over Rabauf On Dec 28 he hit a Japa nese plane but it was listed only as a probable since it was not seen to crash Other members of his Black sheep squadron have expressed belief that Boyington destroyed 40 zeros in all However only those seen to crash explode or burn have been listed on his confirmed score A considerable part of the re port apparently was designed to answer of it by members of a globecircling com mittee of 5senators who visited major war theaters One section for instance com plete with reproductions of la bels hammered at the theme that lendlease items are well marked to show they originated in the U S A Some critics had said that the British were redistribut ng lendlease goods under their own labels Another section evidently was aimed at reports that civilians in north Africa were burning up a lot of American gasoline while motorists in this country were compelled to skimp It said all oil products upon arrival in the area are allocated by allied headquar ters and that essential civilian services in the first 8 months of last year got less than a fourth the gasoline normally consumed None of the fuel the report said was allocated for pleasure driving or nonessential services and even essential users like doc tors got less gasoline on the av erage than Acard holders in the United States The report noled that many pri vate cars had been requisitioned in north Africa and added Since these cars in many cases arc not clearly marked as military vehi cles they may lead a casual ob server to believe that more cars are using gasoline for civilian purposes than is the fact Only a minute fraction of 1 per cent of Americas coal production has moved into lendlease chan nels the report said and none demands that have arisen in thi country that America be nllovvci to retain airfields she has bull abroad after the war the repor said lendlease equipment stalled in the fields would b taken into account in final lend lease settlements The question of the futur use of airfields in all parts of th world both for strategic and com mercial purposes it said in volves many other factors beside lendlease ot course The final and complete answe can be found only through th continuing and successful co laboration ot the united nation in international commerce afle the war and the development o ot general military s curity in which the interests both the United States and th other united nations are fully protected But he added now it On the heels of damage to 2 icavy cruisers and 2 destroyers at icarby Kavieng New Ireland to vhich much enemy shipping has been diverted from Rabaul allied airmen scored a direct hit on an other Japanese cruiser off New Hanover north of Kavieng The Kavieng airdrome and harbor also were bombed American Mitchells and Aus the Soviets captured Monday This stiffened resistance on the main route from Kiev to Warsaw developed as the massive drive of Gen Nikolai Vatutins 1st Ukraine army swept southward toward the Dniester river the prewar Ru manian border at an accelerated pace following the capture of Berdichev pivotal rail center 25 miles south ot Zhitomir Advices from the front said that von niannsteiii had taken up posi tions favorable for defense with his left flank protected by the marshes and was making a deter mined stand west of Olevsk along the railway leading to Kowel a city 130 miles inside the former Polish border and also in the region southward between Gorod nitza and NovogorodVolynski Capture of the latter town less than 20 miles from the prewar border was announced Tuesday After hjs own forces had re treated across to their present po sitions the nazi commander had an opportunity to destroy the bridges over 2 tricky water bar riers in this Ubort river which flows just west ot Olevsk nd the Sluch river which swings i a northwesterly direction from A dispatch to the Moscow News said Vatutins northern wing had rolled more than 90 miles west of Kadomsyl starting point of the red offensive from the Kiev bulge A 90mile advance due west from Radomsyl would put the Russians across the prewar bor der at Kortcc Previous dispatches reported that the red army had crossed the border west of Olevsk a prewar customs station 45 miles east of Sarny ic first pop One heroic soldier was reporte have heard the warning noise id realizing what would happen his company commander and everal other soldiers if the mine xploded kept his foot on it He jst a leg but saved his comrades an 21 and 22 Arrangements for the meeting Iralian beauforts manned by Dutch crews cut deeper into Jap anese shipping losses blowing up enemy cargo vessels of 2000 and 4000 tons at Koepang on the coast of Timor island northwest of Australia American marines who have held the eastern flank of the Cape Gloucester invasion front on New Britain drove the Japanese far ther east in ari attackin which the leathernecks had the support of planes tanks and artillery A second marine force mean while made contact 7 miles south west ot Cape Gloucester with unit which had landed southwest of the cape on the invasion day Dec 26 It was this former con tingent which captured the Glou cester airdrome and 2 airstrips now under repair The Tokyo radio declared Thursday our forces in New Brit ain now are inferior to cncniv forces which have landed oil the island Allied fighters aimed thei strafing guns at the Rappo air drome at Rabaul Monday in raid that produced a new air hero Major Gregory Boyinglon Th Okanogan Wash marine flye bagged his 26th Japanese plane t tie the alltime records of Majo Joe Foss of Sioux Falls S Dak English language weekly said the eds had broken through the Gcr an defenses along the Sluch Fall of Berdichev after a bloody day siege gave Gen Nikolai southern wing the green ight to speed up its march to the Dniester river where the Ger mans were said to be rushing new defense fortifications Capture ol 3erdichev won a special order of he day from Premier Stalin and 224 guns iired a 20salvo salute to the victory at 1 a m Thurs day Tank and infantry columns were pushing on toward Vinnitsa 50 vere discussed here Wednesday t will be sponsored by the Iowa iwine Producers association and he American Pork Producers as ociation War Food Administrator Jones jnd OPA Administrator Bowles lave been asked to send rcprescn ativcs to the session Those who will attend include swine specialists agricultural of icials and officers of swine pro ducers associations from Iowa Nebraska Minnesota Illinois South Dakota Missouri Wiscon sin Indiana Ohio and Kansas S p ok e s m e n at Wednesdays meeting said they were concerned over present indications that mid western farmers may reduce their 1944 spring pig crop far more than the 16 per cent indicated in the governments December pig survey as compared to 1943 spring pig totals William F Yungclas o Webster City president of the Iowa asso ciation said reports from the mid west indicate many farmers are planning to cut production more than they need to in view of the feed situation and the needs of the nation in the present war and Capt Ed die Rickenbacker in World war I Five other zeros were shot down The Japanese lost 5 more planes in attacks on American positions at Saidor on the north coast of New Guinea where a Rth army task force landed Sunday has gone to Britain Russia it said is the onlj Breaks Perfect 2 Year Record of Work to Observe 80th Birthday Chicago fP He had worked as a guard at a north side war plant lor 2 years without an ab sence When he didnt show one afternoon his bosses were anxious to find the reason I seerns John Moeller had a valie excuse He had come out of re tirement to take a war job after Pearl Harbor After 2 years at it he took a halfholiday to cele brate his 80th birthday miles due south of Berdichcv first stop on the 100mile drive to the Dniester river bastion of Mogilov Podolski Capture of Vinnitsa and Zhmer iiika rail junction on the Odessa Warsaw railway 20 miles further south would deprive the half mil lion Germans inside the Dnieper river bend of a large part of their and further nar row their escape corridor to the west While Vatutins shock troops swung down through southwestern Ukraine London radio quoted ii Berlin broadcast as saying that ice was forming in the lower Dnie per and suggested that freezing of he river would help the Russians o close the trap on the remnants of the German Gth army in the Dnieper Tarascha 25 miles southeast o Jelaya Tserkov and Krivchunka miles directly south were among the 60 or more towns cap urecl in Vatutins Thursday ad ancc a Russian communique said Ocherctnki 27 miles north REDS AND POLES NOT IN ACCORD Appear Farther Apart in Territory Dispute Washington and the Polish governmentinexile Thursday appeared farther apart than ever in their territorial dis of which might speed the rout of German armies The breach which gives added importance to the forthcoming visit here of Polish Premier Stan islaw Mikolajczyk stems from the Londonbased Polish governments contention that Russia should have guaranteed prewar Polands territorial integrity before her troops chased the Germans across the old Polish boundary That in effect was a statement of the governments unrelenting position that the territory belongs to Poland Moscow has been equally in sistent that the contested terri tories axe integral parts of White Russiaand the western Ukraine This attitude received its latest expression Wednesday in an edi torial in Pravda communist party organ which declared that ques YANK TROOPS SLOWLY SMASH AHEAD IN SLEET Wave After Wave of U S Planes Drop Salvos on Enemy Allied Headquarters Algiers American troops opening a longawaited 5th army offensive with British troops on a 10 mile front in driving sleet and rain have smashed and battered their way inside the pillbox maze of San Vittore where they are fighting the Germans handto hand for possession of the remain ing half of the town allied head quarters announced Thursday The American and British ground forces supported by wave upon wave of American invader divebombers which twisted through lowhanging clouds to lay salvos of bombs on the enemys gun positions advanced an aver age of a mile in the first day of their offensive on the 10mile tions regarding Polish and other territories in which Russia is in terested are domestic Russian questions not subject to interfer ence by outsiders Prnvda thus made it clear once more that the disputed Polish areas already are summed to be front allied headquarters said The advance was on a front 5 miles wide on either side of the Via Casilina the main road to Cassino and Rome The British surged forward in the 5 mile southern half of the sector from a point west of Rocca while the Americans swept down from the heights around San Vit tore on the north side of the road west of Venafro Lt Gen Mark W Clarks of ensive which broke weeks ol mi or activity along the Italian front tarted under dripping wind wept skies Tuesday night San Vittore 6 miles from Cas ino had been converted into a ortress with every house a pillbox and with the Germans due taU vinecellars where the terrific battering of allied artillery not reach them The entire town vas a system of fortifications and lank traps But by noon AVcdncsday the Americans had driven through the outer defenses and taken half the own Violent handtohand conflict was taking place for the other half Dispatches from the front said he Germans opened up the part of the soviet union Along the same line the soviet intorma day spoke of the Polish areas as having been liberated in 1930 from the yoke of the Polish usurpers The effect of the dispute from a military angle already is being felt The Russian pursuit of th Germans across Poland could b materially assisted by the Polish underground if that organizatio were directed to cooperate in sabotage and other guerrilla ac tivities behind the German lines However the Polish governmon at London announced Wednesda fiercest artillery and mortar fire n many weeks as the British and Americans rose from their posi tions and began their offensive The Germans are fighting bit terly for every inch of ground in their customary style but have been driven back at least a mile in most places a military spokes man said Despite flic weather hazards the American A36 invaders roared in under the clouds skipping just above the ground at 300 miles an hourto strafe and bomb the ene mys emplacements Because of their spaed the in vaders were unable to observe ac curately the damage they did but Capt James H Cooper of Ruther ford N J reported seeing Ger that underground leaders ha been instructed to give full co operation with the Russians troops scatter wildly under in event that diplomatic relations Hie attack were rccslablislicd Otherwise cast of Vinnitsa also Tell to the lncy continue ail independent un reel army advance guards as did i coordinated resistance to the Vrublievka 20 miles cast of Po Germans lonnoe in the Sluch river basin The Germans left more than 4000 dead as they retreated southward The news dispatches carrier boy Buy War Savings Bonds nnd Stamps from your GlobeGazette All Animals in Berlin Zoo Removed London Germancon Iroled Vichy radio said Thurs day that all the animals remain ing in the oncefamous Berlin zoo had been removed after the last heavy raid on the German capital the night of Jan 2 Most of the animals were sent to Bar celona said the broadcast Previ ous reports from Berlin through neutral sources said that many of the animals had escaped from the zoo during the heavy bombing and that they had been hunted Father and Son Will Report for Induction Harrisburg Pa iP Father and son will report for induction into the armed forces the same day this week James F M Wen rich Jr 18 year old high school senior waived an educational de ferment to volunteer for service when his dad 36 was called by his draft board down by soldicrf tommy guns armed with KILLED IX PLUNGE Chicago J Han son 53 of Sioux City was killer in a plunge from the 4lh floor ol the Illinois Central hospital Wed nesday Fined for Sending in False Fire Alarms South Bend Ind Shir fiO was found guilty for the second time of sending in a false fire alarm He was fined a total of Sill which he will serve at SI n day I still like to see the fireI men gel a workout Shir said i Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and not much change in temperature Thurs day night and Friday Lowest temperature Thursday night in Mason City 5 Iowa Considerable cloudiness and continued cold with occasional light snow in the north portion Thursday night and the west portion Friday Minnesota Occasional light snow extreme south and mostly fair remainder of state Thursday night Snow south and partly cloudy north portion Friday Continued cold except slightly colder extreme south portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum AVcdncsday 25 Minimum Wednesday night 4 At 8 a m Thursday 13 YEAR AGO Bagramians Army I Scores New Coins I Nazis Make Vain Counter AHocks Maximum Minimum None of tile lowHying invaders was lost despite Ihc hazards from trcetops mountain peaks and small arms fire The taking of San Viltore would open the way to Cassino the main allied objective in western Italy for many weeks and the break ing up of defenses at Cassino would open the path to Rome throuRh a broad valley ar mored forces could deploy The Germans arc reported to have constructed n southern Siegfried line similar to their defenses in western Germany in the hills as far back as Cassino however British troops in the southern I half of the sector captured 47 German prisoners as they ad vanccd on the bend ot the Garig liano river Most of them ap pea red to be youths of about 20 To the northeast in the 8th j army sector Canadians look a height overlooking the village Torre Mucchio Fighting was se vere along the Adriatic coast while inland British artillery j shelled German transport near Orsogna Making one of their deepest lienetrations of the Adriatic the British destroyers Janua and Jer vis tossed between 200 and 300 shells into German communica tions at Pesaro south of Himini American spitfires bombed shipping and port installations at o f th a m m c r e d Civitavecchia northwest of Rome and at Port Ercole near Orbetello on the western coast GERMANS ADMIT VERY WIDE With the Germans admitting a very wide penetration of German eastern defenses the Russians announced the fall of Berdichcv former German headquarters in the Uk raine as they drove toward the Bug river in an attempt to trap enemy forces in theDnieper bend ARRIVE IX ENGLAND London Landis and George Raft film stars arrived in Great Britain Thursday where they will join the USO in enter taining American troops stationed lhcrc ;