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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPT ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 77 AAA KILLED BY SUPREME COURT 63 Roosevelt Says Deficit Will Increase FAILS TO STATE FULL PLANS FOR YEAR SPENDING No Hint of Readiness lo Balance Budget Given in Message By FRANCIS STEPHENSOX Associated Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON Jan 6 treasury deficit exceeding one bil lion counting un estimated new relief forecast to congress by President Roosevelt today for the next fiscal year Unprecedentedly he withheld a complete budget estimate on how much the government would spend in the 12 months beginning July 1 For the present he listed but said later requests for work relief money would be forth coming He gave notice that next year s the public mount accordingly This would be an all time high Comment Withheld There was not the slightest hint of readiness to meet demands from the opposition for an immediately balanced budget Pending study of the voluminous document political leaders in general withheld detailed comment From the start however dispute was plainly inevitable Comment varied largely according to the eco nomic views cf the legislators rather than strictly party lines To run all the regular activities of the Mr Roosevelt said bluntly in the message read from the rostrum to senate and house I will need a total of New Standard Set This figure put forward as a new standard for the governments per manent operating costs as differen Highlights in Budget Message WASHINGTON Jan 6 tinent phrases from President Roosevelts 1937 budget message It is a cause of congratula tion within our own nation to real ize that a consistent broad nation al policy adopted nearly three years I ago by the congress and the presi clent has thus far moved steadily j effectively and successfully toward its objective We can look forward today to a continued reduction of deficits to increased tax receipts and tc de clining expenditures for the needy unemployed Let it be remembered that the major part of the increase in tax receipts anticipated in 1937 over 1936 from comparable sources is coming from old tax schedules It is worthy of note that but slightly less than 30 per cent of this increase in revenues 1937 over 1936 will be derived under the rev enue act of 1935 Only about will be collected in 19J7 as a result of new schedules in the revenue act of 1935 Final success in pushing reve nues up relief costs down will dt pend of course on the the efforts put forth by the em ployers of the United States great ly to increase the number of persons employed by them Text of Message The text of President Roose velts message on the budget will be found on page 12 Tax receipts are continuing a steady climb which commenced in the summer of 1933 whereas budget estimates for the next fiscal year will show a decreased need for ap propriations The credit of the government is at its highest The average of the bus inessmen of the nation stands ready that motives and attacks which spring only from the desire for polit ical or financial power on the part of a few will not retard the steady progress we are making tiated from emergency outlays exceeded comparative regular costs of recent years by around In a new expression ot policy Mr Roosevelt moved federal public works the civilian conservation corps and agricultural benefit pay ments from the category emer gency to regular federal activi ties justified the change ne said New High Level Even the new high level of regu lar expenditures it was said would leave a surplus of reve nue before relief costa as a result of increased earning power and Turn 1 column 1 It is reasonably certain that the total appropriations for work relief during the fiscal year 1937 will be far less than during the current fis cal year If the congress enacts legislation at the coming session which will impose additional charges upon the treasury for which provision is not already made in this budget I strongly urge that additional taxes be provided to cover such charges Without impairing the ability of the government to carry on its nor mal functions and to prosecute those activities essential to contin ued recovery the budget for 1937 reflects a substantial decrease in the spread between income and out go This is x x x possible because of progressive improvement in the eco nomic status of the people Flood Damage Over France in Millions PARIS Jan 6 dam age over France swelled today into estimated millions of francs Railroad service was cut between Paris and Bordeaux and Paris and Nantes Factories in some regions were forced to shut down Streets and houses were flooded in many river towns including Lyon and Avignon 1937 receipts from all sources ex cept postal revenues are estimated at aaginst the revised estimate of for the current 1936 fiscal year The expenditures for 1937 con templated under this budget will to tal or approximately less than is now esti mated for 1936 TteWeather FORECAST TOWA Cloudy with snow in east portion Severe cold wave Monday night Tuesday fair Cold er in east and south portions MINNESOTA Fair in went snow flurries in east severe cold wave Monday night Tuesday lair coider in east portion W MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Sunday 23 above Minimum in night 18 above At 8 a m Monday 38 above Snowfall 2 inches Precipitation 22 of an inch for 24 hour period end Ing at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Saturday 11 above Minimum In night 4 above At mSunday 7 above HOOVER CALLS RELIEF MESS j Says F R Message Seeks to Create Fear Among Those in Need OGDEN Jan 6 bert Hoover told the nation today President Roosevelts relief admin istration is a stupendous mess and that his latest messageto con gress strove to create fear in those on The former president issued a caustic analysis of his successors message here last night as he was enroute to New York to attend a directors meeting Mr Hoover will speak in Lincoln Jan 16 on It is expected to be his fourth formal address criticizing Rooseveltian policies War on His statement issued before joining Jesse H Jones chairman of Turn to FRANCE PROBES SCHEME TO SEND ARMS TO ITALY War Planes Continue to Make Bombing Raids in Ethiopia WAR AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press French officials investigated a suspected plot to divert army rifles and machine guns to Italy after it was found they had been sent to a French port where authorities said they could be ta ken aboard a ship The British foreign office re ceived a report a second Swedish Red Cross worker wounded in the Dolo bombing last week had died but a similarity of names caused some belief there might have been only one Swedish fatal ity Three British liners were con verted into transport ships to re inforce Britains position in Af rica Ethiopian authorities stated Italian planes destroyed Daggah Bur and an Egyptian Red Cross unit in the south and resumed heavy bombings in the north Rome claimed the Ethiopians suffered 150 casualties in a south ern skirmish Virginio Gayda noted Italian writer assailed President Roose velts neutrality policy saying American intervention in Euro pean affairs establishes a prece dent for European intervention in American affairs The French press secured the United States of profound ego tism in its neutrality stand BELATED REPORTS OF FIGHTING RECEIVED France dug diligently into a sus pected plot to divert army rifles and machine guns to Italy Monday while Italian war planes kept up a persistent and widespread bombingcampaign in Ethiopia A missing carload of arms was found to have been routed mysteri ously to a French port where au thorities said it could easily have been placed aboard a ship Confused reports of the death of a second Swedish Red Cross work er as a result of the Dolo bombing a week ago reached the British for eign office from its legation at Ad dis Ababa Names Are Similar However because of a similarity of names it was thought perhaps only one Swede had been fatally wounded as previotisly reported Fascists saw Premier Mussolinis hand behind a blistering editorial criticism of President Roosevelts neutrality speech written by Vir ginio Gayda in the Giornale Dltalia French editorial writers too as sailed the speech as reflecting American Strengthens League In London informed sources pre dicted the British cabinet soon would study the American presi dents pronouncements These per sons looked upon the speech as strengthening the hand of the league Of nations in the ItaloEthi opian problem Belated report of hard fighting also came out of southern Ethiopia as Great Britain began reinforcing its African military position Air bombings in which several hospitals and Red Cross units have been struck or destroyed is being resorted to on both the northern and southern fronts of the HaloEthio pian war in an attempt to halt ad vances by the defenders Ethiopian authorities said Tension Is Relaxed In the Mediterranean ternational tension was relaxed for weeks the advancement of peace proposals Britainused commercial lines to carry troops to British ports near the areas of greatest uneasiness The destination of one Cunard White Star liner the Scythia pressed into troop transport service was said by authoritative sources to be Alexandria Egypt just east of Italys North African possession of Libya and northwest of the Ethiop ian war zone At the front fascist aerial squad rons were reported officially at Ad dis Ababa to have destroyed Daggah Bur and an Egyptian Red Cross unit on the southern front where three columns under Ras Desta Demtu have been moving slowly against 2 Column 3 Fire at Charles City IOWA FARM AND DEMO LEADERS VOICE PROTESTS Reno Approves Ruling CornHog Meeting at Ames Called Off Highlights of Ruling on AAA Although a fire in the Salsfcury laboratories warehouse at Charles City was put out Sunday afternoon nightfall still found firemen going through the wreckage putting out fires which continued to start up Here firemen are shown carrying a hose through the ruined struc ture Photo by Lock LOSS FROM FLAMES Interior of Warehouse Destroyed Rebuilding Plans Uncertain CED WAVE FOR IOWA FORECAST isTemperatures May Drop to 20 Degrees Below Zero Tuesday Night CHARLES CITY Jan in terior of the warehouse of the Dr J E Salsbury Laboratories 107 North Jackson street was destroyed Sunday afternoon by a fire which supposedly started from an over heated furnace The auditorium and rooms for the Salsbury poultry school which are housed in the building were also destroyed in ad dition to a large amount of supplies stored ready for shipment Some of the supplies weresaved and hauled in trucks to the central office on Cedar street The labora tory equipment used in the school and two incubators were burned Dr Salsbury estimated his loss at most of which was for pro ducts as the building was veneered with brick one story on two lote and was not fireproof As the Sals bury Laboratories is expanding iti business the firm is short of room Dr Salsbury president has not decided whether to rebuild on the Jackson street site or enlarge the central office which is a newer building on Cedar street About 30 new students were in the city ready to enroll in the new class for the study of poultry diseases and other arrangements were made for a place to conduct the classes The oil furnacehad been turned on Saturday evening while prepara tions were being made for the open ing of the school Firemen thought that the blaze had worked its way up the side of the wall and then to the roof The loss is covered by in surance DRAKE ESTATE TRIAL RESUMES Experts on English Law Elizabethan History on Call CHICAGO Jan 6 witnesses on English Jaw and Eliza bethan history were on call today as principals in the Drake estate mail fraud trial returned to federa court after a 16 day holiday vaca tion Prosecutor Austin Mail said he would call Barrister Charles Challen of London and Prof Arthur Lyon Cross of the University of Michigan to prove buccaneering Sir Francis Drake left neither a descendant nor an estate of fabulous value The government charges 41 de fendants collected about from midwesterners on a promise donors would share in the supposed estate DES MOINES Jan 6 warned is the weather man quoted today as he predicted a cold wave for Iowa that will send temperatures down to 20 degrees below zero The cold wave is moving in from western Canada where tempera tures last night sank to 34 degrees below he said The low of 20 is fore cast for northwest Iowa where the low for Iowa last night was 10 above zero at Spirit Lake Minimum temperatures of 15 be low are forecast for the northeast and southwest sections tonight with five below in the southeast But that isnt the weather man continued for as things stand now its very apt to be colder to morrow night than it will be to night even though skies are ex pected to clear tomorrow As if in anticipation of this cold wave winter continued tucking lowaunder a snow blanket today It was snowing this morning at Charles City Dubuque Davenport Keokuk and Des Moines Snow also fell over much of Iowa as the week end passed Spirit Lake reported 14 inches of snow there since Dec 13 Highways continued extremely slippery and the weatherman said there was little chance of a thaw to the glaze of ice in the im mediate future Downpour of Ram Keeps Lindberghs in Welsh Retreat LLANDAFF Wales Jan 6 A heavy downpour again kept the Charles A Lindberghs inside their Welsh retreat here today Police precautions were partly re laxed detectives no longer appear ing in the gardens of the house but a uniformed officer continued to keep visitors from the gates It was reported Dwight W Morrow Mrs Lindberghs mother and the latters sister Constance are on their way to England will join the Lindberghs in Llan daff the party later moving pos sibly to the outskirts of London Japanese Officers Reported Fired on SHANGHAI Jan 6 A Rengo Japanese news agency dispatch from Peiping said today a group of Japanese military officers entering Peiping Sunday night were fired on by Chinese military guarding the gates of the city No one was in DES MOINES Jan 6 supreme court decision holding the AAA unconstitutional brought a wave of protest from Iowa farm and democratic party leaders today Milo Reno national farm holiday association president gave voice in the minority sentiment declaring Thats fine It was unthinkable legislation in the first All Ive got to declared Gov Clyde L Herring who has staunchly advocated the AAA since its inception is to repeat what I said in Washington three weeks ago Meeting Called Off If the government does not pro vide something in place of the AAA to faring justice to farmers just as the tariff protects industry and business agriculture will not will ingly submit to this decision Agri culture is entitled to its chance to gain parity and it will fight to gain At Ames plans for carrying through Iowas 193637 cornhog program were called off until defin ite word is received from Washing ton on how to proceed R M Evans chairman of the Iowa cornhog board said the meet ing at which plans for the new pro gram were being discussed was dis banded early this afternoon on re ceipt of word from Washington that the supreme court killed the AAA Machinery Stopped Officials had planned1 to continue the meeting through tomorrow Evans said the entireIowa cornhog program machinery would be stopped pending instructions from Washington Evans had no idea of what the next move would be but he de clared farmers wont take this ly ing Claude Wickard cornhog chief here to explain the program had no new comment to offer Evans said nothing has hap pened to change the supply and de mand factor Unless some substitute program is developed I dont think farmers will be very happy to go back to low Calls Act Unthinkable The AAA was Reno who has attacked the pro gram at every opportunity declared because it appropriated one mans property for another It was a bribe for those weakkneed enough to ac cept it and a penalty for those with never enough to demand their cost of Will Thornton Bondurant farm er declared This is a blow to agriculture I think and I know the rank and file of average farmers like me think the same that some work able substitute must be found to carry on and extend the gains the AAA has brought to A S Wendell president of the League for Economic Equality or ganized by farmers in Iowa South Dakota Nebraska and Minnesota to defend the AAA asserted Entitled to Protection Agriculture is entitled to pro i or whatever you may want to call it as well as the manufac i turing industry is Our contention is that if the AAA is unconstitu tional so is the HawleySmoot tariff If plans to make the AAA constitutional dont work out we will eventually bring suit attack ing the constitutionality of that Former Gov B F Carroll of lowa declared There will have tobe some ad justment to this decision but I think that it will be better for the country in the end Expects Substitute I believe a substitute for the AAA can be set up along similar lines avoiding the unconstitutional provisions in the original act The granting of direct subsidies will have to be avoided but I think that can be Milford Beeghly of Pierson for mer Woodbury county Farm Bureau said are very disappointed in the supreme court If the su preme court is going to be the law of the land why doesnt it send con gress home Mrs Murtagh Dies at Waterloo Home WATERLOO Jan 6 Alice Murtagh 53 widow of the late James C Murtagh attorney and one time democratic candidate for governor died last night at her home here of carcinoma WASHINGTON Jan 6 are the highlights of the supreme courts majority opinion today in validating the AAA Congress has no power to en force its commands on the farmer to the ends sought by the Agricul tural Adjustment act It must follow that it may not indirectly accomplish those ends by taxing and spending to purchase compliance The constitution and the entire plan of our government negatives any such use of the power to tax and to spend as the act undertakes to The act invades the reserved rights of the states It is a statutory plan to regu late and control agricultural pro duction a matter beyond the pow ers delegated to the federal govern The regulation is not in fact vol if the plan were one for purely voluntary coopera tion it would stand no better so far as federal power is concerned At best it is a scheme for purchasing with federal funds submission to federal regulation of a subject re served to the If the act before us is a proper exercise of the federal taxing pow er evidently the regulation of all industry throughout the United States may be accomplished by si milar exercisesof the same Until recently no suggestion of the existence of any such power in the federal government has been ad vanced The expressions of the framers of the constitution the decisionsof this court interpreting that instru ment and the writings of great com mentators will be searched in vain for anysuggestion that there exists in the clause under discussion or elsewhere in the constitution such power coMMirrTETO ACT ON BONUS Doughton Expects Approval Quickly on Bill Urged by Veterans WASHINGTON Jan 6 Chairman Doughton DN said today the houseways and means committee might approve soon the bonus bill behind which bouse fac tions and major veterans organiza tions have united He made that assertion after the committee discussed the measure for an hour and a half behind closed doors Simultaneously Speaker Byrns said there would be every disposi tion on the part of the house leader ship to get together with the com mittee in the interests of expediting the measure He said he did not know just when it might come to the floor The ways and means committee listened to an explanation of the bonus measure by Representative Vinson one of its spon sors then questioned Brigadier Gen eral Frank T Hines veterans ad ministrator on costs Earlier 218 members who backed the Patman inflationary cash pay ment plan were urged to throw their whole hearted and enthusiastic support to the bill Advising these members by letter that the steering committee behind the Patman new money bill had ratified an agreement to push the veterans measure Representative Patman said First get the authorization and next the manner or method of pay Call Is Made for Condition of Banks WASHINGTON Jan 6 comptroller of the currency issued a call today for the condition of all national banks at the close of busi ness Tuesday Dec 31 State Call Issued DES MOINES Jan 6 W Bates Iowa Superintendent of bank ing today issued a call for the con dition of all state banks at the close of business Dec 31 1935 Pays Tax in Pennies PARIS Jan 6 Garnell Riley paid her taxes with a gallon full of of thero i ADMINISTRATION PLANS COUNCILS AFTER SETBACK McNary Will Offer His Twice Vetoed Plan Once More By JAMES W DOUTHAT Associated Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON Jan 6 The AAA met the fate of NRA today in the supreme court In a momentous 6 to 3 decision the tribunal killed the extraordinary new deal farm relief plan under which over a billion dollars has been paid to men of the soil since May 1933 Justice Roberts gravely read the majority opinion The act even as amended last August was held an invasion of states rights and its taxes beyond the general welfare clause of the constitution on which the government relied Justice Stone Dissents Justices Stone Brandeis and Car dozo dissented The administration planned coun cils at once to meet the setback None disputed the tremendous po tential effect on thi warming pres idential campaign Senator McNary the republican leader immeditely projected his twice vetoed plan to make the tariff effective for farming communities It includes the old export debenture plan the equalization fee and the domestic allotment plan President Roosevelt called in Sec retary Wallace and Attorney Gen eral Curominga to map a new plan if No announcement was expected for several days Asks lor The attorney general telephoned supreme court officers to send him a copy of the AAA opinion saying he wanted to take it to the white house From preliminary reports of the decision some officials expressed fear it would be difficult to draft any form of crop control which could be held constitutional There was a discussion at the capitol of a possible move to amend the consti tution The new deal has been relying heavily on farm support in the No vember elections Officials repeat edly have drawn satisfaction from polls among farmers on its crop ad justment plans which haveinvaria bly shown preponderant majorities in favor Decline to Comment Pending study of the decision of ficials declined comment upon the probable effect upon approximately in processing taxes now impounded in lower courts Neither would they speculate about the effect upon adjustment contracts signed by farmers but upon which additional funds are due It was estimated unofficially that farmers now are due for carrying out contracts covering 1935 crops Speculation was aroused over the right of processors to recover the Turn ffl PftffP 2 Column 2 Modern Manners There are no laws of etiquet but custom and usage have established an exacting code of good form Pol ished manners are an asset in every relationship of life Social judg ments are swift and final Modern a compre hensive and authoritative service booklet available through our Wash ington information bureau is an up tcthe mirpjte guide to correct be havior on all occasions It answers all questions about formal attire for both men and women covers the etiquet of the golf course card ta ble theater steamship train and public dining salon Within 32 pages you will find the answers to more than 500 questions cards and calling invitations introductions announcements en gagements weddings christenings Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazetta Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I enclose lOc in coin careful ly wrapped for booklet Modern Name Street City State Mail to Washington D ;