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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 05, 1944

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1944, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM PAPER I Am Ammunition For Dont Waste or Throw Me Awoy COHP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO OES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION fnTTTTl VOI AwxiaUd Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 5 19U NO 71 FIERCE AERIAL RAIDS AGAINST KAZ1SCONTINUE RAF Hits Berlin and France After 3000 U S Planes Attack fl RAF mosquito bombers hit wrecked Berlin Tues day night and other British planes pounded targets in northern f ranee following up one of the greatest daylight aerial assaults of the war by some 3000 planes including U S smashes at Kiel and Muenster Not asingle plane was lost in the night raids which included mosquito forays over western Germany and minelaying opera tions the air ministry said The stab against Berlin was the a great RAF attack early Monday morning American heavy bombers cas caded explosives by daylight Tues day on shipbuilding yards at Kiel and railway targets at Muenster both in northwest Germany Returning to the north France invasion coast RAF and allied medium bombers attacked military objectives there again Wednesday morning it was announced RAF and allied fighters accompanied them The Germancontrolled Scandi navian telegraph bureau reported heavy damage at Kiel with a great shroud of smoke over the German Zip Koons War Hero Is Hailed in Swea City Visit Swea Franklin Zip Koons Iowas top ranking hero of World war II first American soldier to fire a shot on European soil in this war is visiting at the home of his parents Mr and Mrs Oliver B Koons near here The last word received from him by his parents stated he was in Italy He left from overseas duty in late November and has a 21day furlough Scores of old friends extended a welcoming hand upon his ar rival home He was to appear at an Ameri can Legion meeting in Algona Wednesday evening and at a joint Legion and Auxiliary meeting at the Burt high school auditorium on the evening of Jan 13 Sergeant Koons has received the British military award be stowed by King George the Sil ver Star American award for outstanding military service and an emblem with a cluster of sil ver stars designating the various engagements in which he has participated The Iowa soldier has seen 2 years service overseas His first major engagement as a ranger was in the commando raid at Dieppe France in August 1942 Later he saw service in Africa Sicily and Italy Sergeant Koons encountered many of the Swea City boys who are in the 34th Infantry now fighting in Italy Zip is still an unassuming country lad who left his job on the farm and as an auctioneei to volunteer for service for Uncle Sam late in 1941 ZIP KOONS Swea City naval base alter the Kiel and Muenster assaults A joint BritishAmerican com munique said the attacks were pressed home effectively despite heavy clouds which obscured both targets and that fierce fires were left raging in Kiel site of a great German naval base and submarine pens The raids were carried out by forinaUons of flylnr fortresses and liberators which with their Amer ican and British lighter escorts constituted a fleet of some planes that stretched out across the sky for 1M miles They were executed Mn con junction with a daylong series of bombing attacks on targets in France by swarms of both Ameri can and British planes Alto gether approximately 3000 allied aircraft Jook the V the greatest air armada into action in a single day Total allied air losses were listed as 25 remarkably small percentage of the great number Of craft participating At least fighterswere reported shotdown in vain attempts to intercept the Of the enemy planes de Istrbjed the U S heavy bombers accounted for 4 and their fighter escorts for 8 More tbait 3608 tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs were unloaded on Germany and Mass Evacuation of Berlin Reported by Travelers in Zurich Zurich from Berlin said Wednesday that a mass evacuation of the capital was un der way and that the population was taking in dead earnest the al lied threat to wipe the city off the map Since Monday overcrowded trains have been leaving Berlin in an unbroken procession most of them headed for central and south Germany the travelers said LEESE CHIEF OF 8TH ARMY Succeeds Montgomery in Italian Command Allied Headquarters Algiers Sir Oliver Leese is the new commander of the Brit ish 8th army fighting hi Italy succeeding Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery it was disclosed Wednesday Leese commanded a corps in ie 8th army during the march ram El Alamein in Egypt to Tu iis that drove the Germans from lorlh Africa Montgomery has gone to Lon lon as commander of British round forces under Gen Dwight D Eisenhower supreme allied ommander for new invasions of Europe Actually Leese has been in ornmand of the 8th army for everal days but the announce ment was withheld until Wed nesday Leese 49 is a tank expert He Refused Award Feared Parents Would Worry Mount Vernon N Y Leonard Fierst home on leave ex plained why he refused thepurple a saber wound during a skirmish on Guadalcanal He said he knew his parents would be informed ot the he was afraid t would worry about him France durine the day large Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Wed nesday night lowest temper ature in Thursday cold Mason City zero fair and continued proportion of the total falling on Kiel and Mnenster Both cities hive been raided repeatedly The trip to near the extreme northwest corner of an over all flight of more than 1000 miles for the big American bombers and their fighter escorts which were equipped with special auxiliary fuel tanks for the long foray Muenster a city with a normal population of more than 100000 issituated about 200 miles south west of Kiel and is a vital link in German railway communica tions with France and the de fenses on the invasion coast It attacked by American heavy bombers 3 times in recent last time on Nov 11 The Kiel shipyards which have turned out such warcraft as the Luetzow and the Gneiscnau was last raided by the Americans on Dec 13 when fljing fortresses and liberators loosed 900 tons of bombs on the target with good ef fect Iowa Fair and colder Wednesday night with temperatures from zero to 10 above continued cole Thursday except rising temper ature in west portionin the afternoon Minnesota Fair continued cole northwest Colder south and eas portions Wednesday night Thursday fair warmer wes portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 29 Minimum Tuesday night 18 At 8 a m Wednesday 18 Snow 1 inch Precipitation 06 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 8 Minus 12 RAIDS POINT TO NEW LANDINGS ON JAP BASES Planes Smash at Nippon Positions in Every Sector of Pacific Front By MOKRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor Farranging allied planes are smashing at Japanese positions in every sector of the Pacific battle front in what appeared likely Wednesday as the forerunner of new landing assaults on the ene mys ocean bases American and Australian flyers peppered the Japanese iu the southwestcentral Pacific area where they still have positions to impede the allied drive to the north and the west in the direc tion of the richest holdinKS of the Nipponese empire From bases in China potential jumping off place for future raids on Japan itself U S 14th air force units struck into Thailand Monday bombing the Japanese base at Lampang while other fighterbombers hit the enemy occupied town of Pingka in west ern Yunnan province of China The broad scope of the primar ily American operations was shown by recent attacks on the Japanese stronghold of Paramu shiro 790 miles southwest o Reds Open Great Battle to Drive German Troops From Dnieper Bend ed the 30th corps in the north African campaign A 6footer Leese was formerly battalion commander of the Guards with whom he servedin the World War He was wounded 3 times in that con flict and was awarded the DSO Receive Letters Which Were to Be Mailed in Event of Death Only Des Miones they have received letters which Pfc Marvin W Barclay 24 U S mar rine corps specified were to be mailed only in the event of his death Barclays mother and his wife Wednesday clung to the hope that he may be alive No official word Barclays death has been received The letters dated Dec 8 and postmarked Dec 23 bore a cen sors stamp In them Barclay said he had been assigned to the bloodiest and hardest battle yet and that he was giving the letters to his chaplain to be mailed in case he was killed He had been stationed in the south Pacific His mother Mrs Ina Barclay said several letters had been re ceived from him written since Dec as late as Dec 18 Mrs Barclay and Private Barclays wife Mrs Veda Barclay won dered whether something might have happened to the chaplain with the result that the letters were found among his effects and mailed Attu in the Aleutians It is in this northern sector that the Japanese assert the United States is massing a great fleet of planes and ships If the allied command should decide on a general counterof fensive in China this year Min ister of Information Liang Han Chao declared in Chungking Wednesday the Chinese armies will be ready to carry it out But such a drive he said would be contingent upon operations in other theaters Just how great a task confronts the united nations was underlined by an OWI report which pointed out that Japan still has enough supplies of all but a few com modities to wage a long war and that we are still 3000 miles from Tokyo That line would be consider ably shortened by capture of the midPacific Marshall islands tar the Navy Knox described as soften ing up raids since American oc HIGHROAD TO GERMAN allied steps on the road to Berlin have been taken by onrushing soviet troops that have crossed the old Polish border and are head ing toward Warsaw capital of Poland When AngloAmerican foices supported by troops of governmentsinexile land in the west the vise finally will start to close on the Soviet forces are advancing toward Rumania too cupation of the southeast The attacks Gilberts to the however have Pravda Assails Willkies View of Poland and Finland Moscow official communist party newspaper Prnvda Wednesday accused Wendell L Willkic of doubledealing in American politics and of attempting to create distrust of the soviet among voters in the United States Pravda charged that Willkie was trying to appeal to the ma jority of Americans who are sympathetic to Russia and at the same time was currying favor antisoviet elements in America The newspapers political com p p r o a c h e d the weight of the nearly monthlong bombardments that preceded the j Dec 26 marine landings on Cape Gloucester New Britain That area was pulverized by more than 3000 tons of explosives and many thousands of rounds of ammuni tion before General MacArthur sent out his invasion force 1 In addition the Japanese are putting up stiffer resistance in the Marshalls Latest raids an nounced Tuesday brought out 30 zeros over Taroa and an equal number rose to defend Wotje Without loss American army bombers shot down a total of 10 Japanese planes and probably 7 more Raid Over Berlin to Be Described Edward R Murrow European news chief for the Columbia broadcasting system will describe over KGLO at Wednesday a recent trip in a British Lancaster bomber over Berlin in one of the KAFs raids 5TH ARMY GAINS MILE IN ITALY Bomber Fleets Smash at Nazis in Jugoslavia Algiers aVrnies inItaly have seized commanding positions against fierce nazi opposition it was announced Wednesday and bomber fleets reaching into Bul garia and Jugoslavia dealt 3 hard blows to German Balkan com munications Fifth army troops advancing a little more than a mile west of Venafro stormed a 2300 foot height in Sammucro ridge 2 miles northeast of San Vittorc gaining complete dominance of that bas tion of the German winter line on the Rome road Indian units of the 8th army seizeda spur on a mountain ridge in pushing forward several hun dred yards against enemy ma chinegun fire southwest of Tom maso near the Adriatic U S 15th air force flying fort resses meanwhile smashed rail way yards and a bridge at Dup nilsa 50 miles south of Sofia capital of warweary Bulgaria American Mitchells scored 5 hits on railway yards and the sta tion at Doboj 55 miles north o Sarajevo in Jugoslavia anc pounded barracks and troop eon centrations at Travnik 30 miles northwest of Sarajevo tinder box Reveal Names of 2 U S Destroyers Lost in Blast and Battle Washington navy has disclosed that the destroyer which blew up off Sandy Hook Monday was the 1700 ton USS Turner and that the destroyer lost in the At lantic after being torpedoed on Christmas eve was the 1090ton USSLary The Turner blew up in New York harbor with such violence that men and guns were hurled into the sea Coast guard cutters rescued 152 enlisted men and 2 of ficers Normal complement of the ship was more than 160 men and officers but the names of those missing have been withheld by the navy pending notification of next of kin The Lcarjrs normal complement was 145 men but would be higher in wartime Commanders of both ships are listed at missing Commander James E Kykes 37 Seattle was chief aboard the Leary while the commanding officer ot the Turner was Commander Henry S Wygant Jr 37 Camp Hill Pa of the 1st World war All allied planes returned after obliteration bagging 2 enemy aircraft Lightning fighters escorting the small formation of fortresses to Dupnitsa shot down a Tlcinkcl111 and a Golha242 glider which it was towing The action came when tlie returning raiders swooped down to strafe locomo tives destroying 2 nnd damaging a train of 40 cars mentator Daniel Zaslavsky who wrote the attack on Willkie cen tered his fire on a recent article written fotthcNcw YorK Times by the onetime republican presi dential candidate in which Will kie urged Americans not to sow distrust of Russia Zaslavsky charged that the ar ticle had created exactly the op posite effect and accused Willkie of muddying the water of so vietAmerican relations He expressed particular indig nation at Willkies discussion ol the problems of Finland Poland and the Baltic countries Warning Willkie to stop playing politics with Russian problems Zaslavsky wrote It is time to understand thai the Baltic problem is ait internal affair of the soviet union in which Mr Willkie must not meddle Whoever is interested in sucl questions and the fact that i democratic plebiscite once carvicc out in the Baltic republics anc let him remember that we are abl effectively to defend our constitu tion Apropos of Finland and Po land not to mention the Balkan states the soviet union can mak the necessary agreements will those country and does not need Mr Willkies help Buy War Stanps from carrier bay Savings Bonds and your GUbeGazette LOCOMOTIVE BOILER engineer was killed and several trainmen were injured at Letohatchie Ala when the boiler of a Louisville and Nashville freight locomotive exploded at this rural way station Only the chassis of the locomotive was left as the boiler went sailing 150 feet The explosion occurred as the engine was taking on water Waterloo Girl Paroled After Trial on Robbery Waterloo Judge A B Lovejoy paroled Jean Van Vlicl 18 Waterloo waitress after sen tencing her Tuesday to a reform atory term of not to exceed 10 years on a charge of participating in the slugging and robbery of James Balvin 50 Waterloo last Oct 5 Walter JIcKinney and Vin cent Mills both of Waterloo prev iously were sentenced to 10 year terms in connection with the Bal vin case Night Club Operator Solves Help Problem Kansas City IP Heres how Bill Petersen night club manager is meeting the hired help prob Arrange Purchase of 100000000 Bushels of Canadian Wheat Washington war foo administration reported Wcdnes day that it had arranged for th purchase of more than 10000000 bushels of Canadian wheat for us as livestock feed Part of the wheat already ha hcen brought into eastern Grea Lake ports by boat and railroa cars will be sent into the interio of Canada for additional larg quantities this winter The Canadian wheat purchases were disclosed after the office of price administration announced new domestic price ceilings under which wheat at all markets will bring prices that OPA said would reflect 100 per cent parity to the grower exclusive of any govern NAZIS ADMIT LINES SPLIT Deep Penetration of Defense Is Reported Stockholm German mil ary spokesman admitted Wednes ay that the nazt winter defensive ne on the eastern front had been by a deep penetration ispatchcs from the German capi said The spokesman was represented s making no effort to hide the act that the Russian offensive had oiled up the Germandefensesin he Kiev sectorTSplitting the lines nto 2 fronts one 300 miles and he other 480 miles long The Swedish correspondent said hey were given only a black pic ure of war developments on both ides of Germany as they met with he spokesman in the bombdnm ged foreign office with fires still ilaztng in Berlin from the heavy RAF raids of Sunday and Monday The Germans indicated they did lot expect that their army would ie able to counterattack success ully to regain its positions the dispatches said although they maintained that because of the 2 ong fronts still existing the Rus ians would be unable to roll up he flanks While one spokesman was pic ured as giving a dark description f the situation on the eastern ront another was quoted as say ng that it an invasion doesnt come now that will be the biggest Vaud of all times Asked to comment on the great Tilled bombing attacks along the Trench coast a foreign office spokesman described the raids only as the usual attacks on the defense line one dispatch said German reticence to discuss the attacks seemed significant in view of reports that nazi rocket can non emplacements were situated along the raided coast The German press has failed to mention the assaults NAZIS DECLARE RUSSIAN FORCE ISINBERDICHEV Soviet Troops Trying to Trap Huge German Force in River Bend London troops have evacuated the eastern sec tion of Berdichev railway town 25 miles south of Zhitomir that once was German Ukrainian headquarters the nazi high com mand announced Wednesday Loss of at least part nf Ber dichev was acknowledged as red army forces smashed down through the middle Ukraine lak ing the fortress of Belaya Tser kov 50 miles below Kiev in z drive seeking to trap more than 500000 Germans in the great Dnieper river bcnd German defenders of Berdichev beat back soviet attacks against other sectors of the town the German command declared Berlin asserted also that re peated and strong Russian at tucks had been thrown back south and west of Zhitomir and that soviet attempts to retake German gains northwest oi Vitebsk farther north likewise had failed The Berlin radio spoke of fight ing of unabated ferocity and Moscow dispatches declared the great battle to drive the naris from the Dnieper bend had be gun with the enemy fighting des perately to hold his lines of com munication The Germans in the Dnieper bend were clearly in growing danger Advices from Moscow indicated that these German forces already outflanked from Kiev as far south as Cherfcasy by thecapture of No Squawks From Public as Strike Delays Gas Bills Pittsburgh UP There have been no squawks from the public because of the strike at the Phila delphia company a Pittsburgh utility concern The 350 sitdown ers involved prepare and mail gas and electric bills half a million of which have been delayed ment payments The new wheat ceilings ex lem His father is doorman the hat check girl is his divorced wife his present wife supervises the dining tables where two daugh ters by his first wife are wait resses They all get along con genially and there are 2 more daughters and a son by thc first wife who can work when they become of age panding price control to all types established a price of SI 63 a bushel for No 1 hard winter wheat at Kansas City a bushel for No 1 heavy dark northern spring wheat at Minneapolis and increased the basic soft wheat price to a bushel for No 1 soft red at terminal markets of Chicago and St Louis Prices for those types at specified markets included the Hi cent charge by commission men OPA officials said the new prices more than meet the con gressional mandate for 100 per cent parity for growers and noted that they were announced just about a month after the start of government flour subsidies to prevent a rise in bread prices Mechanic Killed by Urge to Fly Bomber Mather Field Cal UR The urge to fly a twinengined army bomber killed Frederick E Bridges 25 a service mechanic who had no flight training public relations officers said Wednesday Bridges look a B25 bomber oft Datelan Ariz army air field Tuesday piloted it successfully for several minutes and then crashed coming in for n landing The plane was from Mather Field Bridges home base 4 YOUTHS ARRESTED Des 31 o i n c s Detective Chiet Paul Castclline said that 4 teen age youths arrested here in connection with what he called a juvenile crime ring will be turned over Wednesday to Tama Iowa police for prosecution on charges breaking into 2 groc eries there Two other boys ar Belaya TserKovand 40 of tier Ukrainian towns faced the same fale as that met by the army which surrendered at StaliuKrail unless Marshal von Mannstein can extricate them by a mass re treat across he Bus river into Rumania At the northern end of tho southern front where other soviet troops had crossed the prewar Polish frontier west of tile cus toms station of Olevsk fierce Ger man counterattacks were smashed Tuesday by units of Gen Nikolai Vatutins 1st Ukrainian army Here said a broadcast Russian communique 4000 nazis were killed and 65 tanks destroyed as Vatutias veterans pushed forward into the western Ukraine Far to the north Gen Ivan Bagramian kept up his incessant battering against the northern wing of the German armies guard ing the Baltic front Another 1100 nazis were killed north of Ncvel 100 enemyheld villages wove lib erated and the 40mile Ncvel Velikie Luki rail line cleared of Germans the soviet war bulletin declared Izocha 10 miles north of Nevcl and Pleshkova 20 miles to the northeast were among the strongpoints listed as overrun The Germans launched their counterattacks along the Polish border in the vicinity of newly captured JiovoffradVolyiiski 15 miles cast of the border They thrcxv in 2 1500 supported by anks and guns and succeeded in breaking through to the position of soviet troops the Russian com munique said Soviet columns were said to have surrounded the attackers and wiped them out capturing 400 prisoners Besides the 65 tanks destroyed 22 big German guns and 1RO trucks were wrecked while 7 tanks and 47 guns fell into soviet hands the Russians said Capture of Belaya Tserkov Moscow declared climaxed a fierce 4day battle in which the Germans fought desperately to hold the strategic supply base at all costs With the city in their hands soviet spearheads raced on to capture the district centers ot Stavishche 20 miles to the south and Pliskov 38 miles northeast ot Vinnitsa The Bug river where von Mannstein may elect to make a stand is crossed by the Kiev Zhcrinka railway south of Vin nitsa Other soviet tank forces were reported advancing closer ta Berdichev already bypassed and under assault and the rail junc tion of Shepctovka on the road to Tarnopol another strongpoint ou the OdessaWarsaw railway a few miles inside the old Polish border rested for leased questioning were re INJURED ON LEAVE Fort Dodge S Jones 25 of Boone a navy seaman suf fered a serious foot injury when a shotgun he was inspecting dis charged accidentally while he was visiting friends here on leave ;