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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPA1TMCNT Of K i s r o R v A fo A c D G M 0 I ft L i vc THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES r IVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 5 1943 Hitler Effort to Keep Tip of Tunisia Makes Sector a Major Front By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA AP Hitlers attempt to keep the Mediterranean blocked to allied shipping has turned the Tunisian war into a major effort with thousands German and Italian troops deployed from Bizerte to the Tripolitanian border alonr with part of the first line strength of the German air force This purely personal c o n clusion is based on a 2100 mile trip to the war front in a jeep topped with another 700 piles of travel in a flying for tress much of it on a bomb ing mission GALLAGHER over Tunis For sheer torture the jeep trip was by far the worse These are the main impressions I got in traveling over the front IRaiu and constant threat of rain make allied tank warfare impossible in northern Tunisia until late February There are only a few main roads leading into Tunis and Bizerte and the ground between them is nothing but muck which would mire the lightest tank 2 The Germans with short lines of communication a perimeter defense of the two ports and a great concentration of artillery and aerial protection from Sar dinia and Sicily could halt any infantry assault with murderous losses 3 In the north land warfare has stagnated with neither side able to take a definite initiative 4 Despite the advantage of es tablished bases In Sicily and Sardinia within easy reach of the Irorjt the German air force is losing its punch in the face of allied opposition and is only a shadow of the terrible weapon it was in Greece and France 5 The lack of airfields is handi alliedair effort but the military punishment be insrdeait out by flying fortresses Lockheed lighting P38 fighters and RAF attacks is 10 times as effective militarily as the blows of the German air force 6 French troops with a total disregard of politics and anti quated equipment are fighting great gallantry particularly atPont de Fahs and in the south along a winding irregular line through the mountains toward Gafsa 7 The Germans are making great preparations for the defense of their positions in Tunisia One hindrance to the allied drive is the terrain which next to the weather is the key to the situation It resembles that of Arizona in appearance with fewer trees and with great mountains of by narrow twisting in rock cut roads There are great plateaus central Tunisia where the roads run from 50 to 60 miles without turning often skirting the ruins of old Roman cities Along these roads war chariots raced hun dreds of years ago Now sleel lightning fighters whisk down them a few feet over the camels driven by Arabs But where 100 stukas once appeared only 15 now appear Where 40 axis fighters flew only four now fly When they are challenged by the RAF and American fighters they quickly disappear The Germans obvi ously are husbanding their waning strength To the soldier underneath par ticularly the divebombing is still hell but it is impossible to keep every enemy plane off every allied soldier The Germans with long prepared fields in Sardinia and Sicily hold every advantage but they have been unable to exploit them to the extent they did in Greece Crete and Norway In dry weather Tunisias great plateaus provide a hundred flying fields for the asking but now these fields must be created with thousands of tons of wire netting brought hundreds of miles by trucks Even with these I have seen Spitfires land in six inches of water which sprayed two feet high over the cockpit as the plane came in On the other hand the allied bomber attack has been one of the most consistent of the war Able to pick and choose from fields well behind the lines American bombers smash down on the Germans In Bizerte Tunis Sfax Gabes and Sousse by day while bombers from the middle east command hit by night In the nprlh of Tunisia the war has gone into wet and miserable trenches along the ridges as in World war days It is here that American troops are facing the veteran German troops and learn ing through hardship the crafts of war In the south there is no just a series of strong points held by the French British parachutists and scattered American troops The Germans use gliders to drop their patrols behind these strong points for guerrilla raids while American and French patrols often penetrate deep into the enemy lines On similar raids It is a dangerous and exciting country where one never knows while driving along whether parachutists or glider troops have mined the road or bridge just ahead I can still hear the howls of rage from the ground troops They have been divebombed and strafed dozens of times I have done my share of ditch jumping as Messerschmitfs raked the road It is still true that the Germans can raid the allied lines making daylight travel on the few roads and they even control the air for short periods Foievery four bombs dropped by the Germans on Bone or be hind the allied lines however British and American bombers drop 40 This ratio is increasing and when It can be coordinated with a tank attack it can be a de ciding factor Gen Walther Nehring the German commander in Tunisia recognizes this and he is con serving air strength which has been estimated at about 1000 planes in Tunisia Southern Italy Sardinia Sicily and Tri poli Any doubtthat Hitler intends to fight for the bottleneck of the Mediterranean between Tunisia and Sjcity hasbeen dispelled by the quality of the prisoners being taken There are crack German airmen who saw service in west ern Europe Norway and Russia Some of them wear insignia de noting 110 operational flights The first scratch troops are be ing replaced by veteran German outfits and their numbers are in creasing every day CAROLE LANDIS WED TO FLYER Went to Britain to Entertain Troops LONDON Landis blond film star from the United States and Capt Thomas C Wal lace of Pasadena Cal a U S army airforce pilot were married Tuesday Miss Landis came to Britain to entertain troops Captain Wallace has been here two and n half years and was one of the original mem bers of the royal air forces Ameri can Eagle squadron The wedding ceremony was per formed in lie Church of the As sumption The couple had planned to be married New Years day bu Miss Landis had not recoverec fully from an appendicitis opera tion THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 75 HITLER HOLD AT ALL COST British Move Near Akyab Base JAP SHIPS ARE SEEN GOING IN OUT OF HARBOR Knox Says Nipponese Destroyers Floated Supplies to Guadalcanal By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen Sir Archibald P Wavells British legions from India were reported moving nearer the big Japanese base at Akyab in Burma Tuesday and dispatches from the front declared it was uncertain whether the Japanese commander intends to defend Akyab or with draw without a fight British troops advancing along the Bay of Bengal coast were last reported within 25 miles of the port W A Reuters British news agency correspondent said Jap anese ships had been moving in and out of Akyab harbor dur ing he last few days but whether they were bringing up supplies or taking off troops is difficult to establish The Reuters correspondent said the puzzle would be solved shortly when it is expected that British forces may contact the enemy and declared that meanwhile the Japanese were carrying out haras sing tactics by dashing along jun gle to execute short sharp attacks Other far Pacific developments Solomon the Navy Frank Knox said in lhat Japanese de stroyers which reached the waters off the northwest Guadalcanal is land last Saturday apparently did not make a landing but did send metal drums of supplies drifting toward shore The next morning Knox said American torpedo boats and planes from Quadalcanal air field scour ed the vicinity and sank all the drums they could find Knox said the Japanese squad ron originally 10 destroyers had been under repeated attack for 275 miles during its ap proach to Guadalcanal to land supplies and reinforcements One of the destroyers was set aflame and another was prob ably sunk The best information have is that they didnt make a landing but were driven off Knox told newsmen NEW GUINEA Douglas MacAUhurs headquarters reported tersely that American and Australian troops were re grouping preparatory to attack against the last Japanese strong hold on the Papuan peninsula at Sanananda Point V fires were reported left in the enemys defense positions after allied warplanes swept overhead at low altitudes drop ped 11000 pounds of 300pound bombs on Japanese machine gun nests and strafed enemy troops Frontline reports said allied troops mopping up the Buna Giropa Point sector which wss occupied Jan 3 overran the area faster and with loss resistance than expected CAROLE LANDIS Htds airforce pilot EXCONGRESSWOMAX DIES RYE N Y Con gresswoman Caroline ODoy 07 four times elected represcntative allargc from New York and close friend of President and Mrs Roosevelt died Alonday night U RELOW AT CHARLES CITY Grip of Cold Wave Is Continued on Iowa DES cold continued to grip Iowa Tuesday after the mercury dropped to 14 below zero at Charles City during the night Mason City reported 12 below Spencer recorded a minimum of 10 below Other below zero read ings included Fort Dodge 5 Du buque 4 Sioux Cily 3 and Ce dar Rapids and Ames 1 The highest the mercury climbed Monday was at Council Bluffs 25 above Airlines President Is Denied Seat on Plane SALT LAKE CITY Utah UP A Coiiltcr president of western Airlines was refused a scat on a WAL plane bound for California because all accommo dations were held by paying pas sengers Portsmouth Wall Foils Flood Yanks Capture Heights on Guadalcanal WASHINGTON M Ameri in Iroops on Guadalcanal island lave gained strategic high ground their airfield from he southwest and repulsed six inemy counter attacks killing a otal of 150 Japanese troops Navy communique number 240 aid South Pacific All dates arc sist longitude 1 On Jan 4 Catalinas consolidated PBY md flying fortresses Boeing B 7 executed a series of air U acks on the Munda in the lew Georgia group The same svening dive bombers escorted y fighters bombed antiaircraft losilions taxiwaVS rind runways n the same area Results of the were not reported All of our nlnncs returned 2 Our troops on Guadalcanal iltackeit and gained high ground lositions in tho vicinity of Mount Tin ftn wall at Portsmouth Ohio held back the Ohio river from the city ol 40000 is graphically shown here With water 16 feet from the top of the wall H houseboat floats high above the business section at left which remains clrv Report Japs Massing Large AIRPORT STILL Armada for New Thrust Melbourne Papers Say Nippon Planes Believed MELBOURNE newspapers displayed prominent ly Tuesday a statement by a gov ernment official that the Japanese were reported massing the largest armada they have yet sent into the southwest Pacific and that Japanese aircraft apparently op erating from submarines had been scouting the Australian northeast coast In Washington Navy Secrelarv Knox said that there were always enemy ships at Rabnul New Brit ain but that to the best of my knowledge there Is no unusual concentration at the moment He had been asked at a piess con ference whether the navy had in formation of a concentration ot Japanese shipping at Rabaul pre sumably for an attack on Guadal canal or the alliedheld part of New The published accounts said reports of intensive enemy ac tivity in the New Guinea area which had reached the federal Government suggested a large scale Japanese amphibious op eration in Ihe zone northeast of Australia The official who told of he re ported new Japanese activity did not permit his identity to be dis closed It was suggested here that these reports probably prompted Premier John Curtin to make his recent appeal for more allied aid The official said that a luiae concentration of Japanese ships had been sighted off Rabaul and other New Britain harbors and that at Munda in the Solomons the Japanese were constructing an airdrome which would be one of the largest in the southwest Pa cific capable of nccommodatins large fleets of the heaviest bomb ers lie said that Japanese mer chant ships and transports in the New Guinea area iverc strongly supported by warships dispersed for greater safety from allied air action Adverse weather also was re ported helping screen the Japa nese ships from allied bombers Cuttinafter receiving these re ports conferred with senior mem bers of the Australian naval staff A meeting of the war council has been called for next week The official who told of the threatening moves suggested these probable Japanese alternatives 1 Another move against the Americans in the Guadalcanal area 2 An attempt to reinforce the last Japanese forces in the Buna Sanananda point area ot northeast New Guinea in an effort to win bacl airdromes in that sector 3 A general move to strengthen the whole Japanese southwest Pa cific line perhaps to establish de fensive positions Japanese land parlies were said to be working feverishly con structing new defenses in the Sol omons and in Portuguese Timor Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon lowest Tuesday night 8 above IOWA Not so cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Notso cold Tues day night and Wednesday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday r Minimum Monday night 12 At 8 a m Tuesday 4 At 2 p m Tuesday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum 5 i Minimum 24 Trains Collide in Tunnel in Wyoming No One Injured 8 Cars of Westbound Los Angeles Limited Derailed in Wreck OMAHA Union Pa cific railroad said that eight cars on its westbound Los Angeles lim ited were derailed in n collision in a tunnel at Hcrmosa early Tuesday but that no injuries were reported to the 136 passengers aboard The railroad said another train struck the rear end of the Los An geles limited Speed of the limited was estimated at from 10 to 12 miles an hour and the other train from 18 lo 20 miles an hour The derailed cars included he club car diner and six Pullmans The passengers were moved Into cars scut from Cheyenne Wyo to the tunnel entrance Earlier in the evening the rail t road said there was a freight cai derailment at the cast switch a Uermosa with no injuries re ported Fourteen cars were de railed Because ot ibe earlier de railment the railroad was using the main track as a single track between Dale Creek and Hermosa junction Hermosa is about 20 miles south cast of Laramie The tunnel is a concrete one 827 feet long The train that collided with the limited was a mail and express train westbound out ot Omaha Cause of the freight train lc railmcnt officials said was shifting of a load of sled plate in one of the cars The car turned over when the heavy load shifted and the derailment resulted The train was carrying five cars load ON CAA LIST Regional Engineer Stands The temporary stop order oj construction of the Mason Cit airport is still in force but his of fice is planning spring construe ticn here Paul V Roberts Kan sas City regional engineer for the vii aeronautics administration reported during a visit in Masoi City Tuesday Questioned about an Associated Press dispatch Tuesday f r o n Washington D C slating that Im war production board stopped eon struction on the Mason City air port project to conserve material for other work Mr Roberts sail that it undcubtedly referred to the temporary stop order last month by the CAA The allocation by ih CAA for development ol th Mason City municipal airport slil stands Mr Roberts declared noth Ing to the contrary having beet received in Ills office The temporary stop order wa issued by the WPB Mr Robert said because of the shortage o building materials He said ccmen and asphalt are on the critical lis as well as steel US SHIPYARDS EXGEEDFRGOAL 746 Ships and 800 Smal Craft Made in 1942 WASHINGTON shipyards slightly exceeded Prcsi dent Pooscvclts goal of producin 8000000 deadweight tons o shipping in 1342 Rear Admlm Emory S Land chairman cf ih maritime commission reported Tuesday Land said the ynrds delivered 746 ships of 8030800 tons exclu sive of merchanttype vessel built for the armed forces 800 small craft The year was climaxed by a record month in December when 121 ships of 1939300 tons were placed in service The best previous month VMS September with 33 ships of 1 OGI112 tons Austen capturin enemy ield piece Six enemy counter Hacks were repulsed with ISO Japanese killed Patrols in other sectors killed 20 additional Japa nese and captured howitzers nortars and light machine guns The occupation of the new po sitions southwest of the airfield constituted what appeared to be he first important advance of American ground forces on the island in weeks Heretofore the American troops had engaged only in widespread patrol activity which took a heavy toll of their starving and more or less isolated Japanese opponents on the west ern and southern Hanks of the American position protecting Guadalcanal airfield The immediate purpose of the advance In the vicinity of Mount Austen a 1514foot peak four miles southwest ot the airfield undoubtedly was to prevent the Japanese from bombarding the field from theheights The Scylla is a 5450 ton British the admiralty and air ministry cruiser ROUGE RIVER STRIKE SPREADS 15000 Ford Workers Estimated to Be Idle DETROIT unauthor ized strike at the vast River Rouge plant of the Ford Motor companv spread o an estimated 1500 workers Tuesday as an army offi cer expressed fear the situation was growing more serious by the hour A company spokesman esti mated that 8470 day shift workers hhtt been idled in addition io fiOOfl employes forced to lay down their tools Monday night when main tenance workers in several build ings walked out to protest the c o m p a n ys reorganization of maintenance crews Col George E Strong plant protection chief for the army air forces estimated that 30000 man hours of work were lost Monday ight and thai another BO000 would be losl Tuesday Strong said units affected by the stoppage included four foundries a machine shop the power plant and the motor building The situation is growing more serious as time he as serted Work for the ailforces is not yet affected but it soon will be if the strike continues NEW RED TRAP IMPERILS MORE OF NAZI TROOPS Hitler Wants Front Held Even if Rostov Should Be Cut Off By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press IVar Editor With the entire nazi campaign in the Caucasus threatened with col Inpsc Adolf Hitler was reported Tuesday to have ordered the Ger man armies on that front to hold at all costs even if the Russians cut off their northern escape corridor through Rostov Advices reaching far without the German plan now was to supply the axis Caucasus army by sea if land communications failed The nnzis nerc reported massing a fleet of all available ships in the Black sea to carry supplies to No vorossisk Heavy battles raged OR five great fronts in the Russian cam paign Tuesday imperilling GcYmriis on a 1000mile line with the red armies of ColGen Nikolai F Vatutiri threatening to spring a fresh trap around nazi garrisons in the Don bend 100 miles of Stalingrad V Soviet dispatches said two Russian forces lacked only 30 miles of forging the final link in a Hew ring around the Germans following the capture of Cher nishkov and the nari air base at Chernishkovskaya 40 miles to the north Union of the two red armies would encircle more axis divisions in a region 50 miles west other tightlyclosed trap engulfing the survivors of 22 German divi sions before Stalingrad Russian headquarters denounc ing German claims of success as lies as foolish as they arc false reported an unbroken series of red army triumphs in live key sectors 1 NORTHERN Our troops continued their ad vance and occupied several popu lated places the soviet command announced An especially fierce engage ment look place in the area of 4 large village The Germans Ihrcw considerable numbers of infantry and tanks into the at tack In handtohand fighting with bayonets and rifle butts soviet Iroops routed the Hitler ites and drove them from the villasre Pressing liieucomeback drive through the Caucasus the Rus sians were reported surging ahead from newlycaptured Mozdok gateway to the Grozny oil fields and southeast of Nalchik 2 MIDDLE German high command threw masses oC reinforcements into one sector ot In all of 1941 only Oi ships of 1088000 tons were completed less than the production in Dcccmbcr of 1042 At the end of 1942 merchant ships were being delivered at the rale of four a day a schedule reached a month earlier than had been estimated Reveal Quebec Storm Worst in 50 Years TORONTO OP Censorship was lifted Tuesday to disclose that eastern Ontario and western Quebec suffered their worst win ter storm in 50 years over the New Years holiday The city of Brockville on the St Lawrence iiver was without power tele graph or telephone service for three days and communications nniu arm communica necl plate officials added have not been fully restored i he middle Don scoring a slight sain but army tanks swung into the battle killing several hundred nazis and wrecking 49 enemy tanks A soviet communique said the Russians encircled more nazi gar risons in the drive across the mid die Don sieppcs toward Rostov and declared lhat in counterattacks at tempting to relieve the beleag uered forces the Germans lost 1000 killed in Mondays fighting SOUTHWEST OF STALIN troops captured several more towns and dislodged tiic Germans from an important position after a flanking attack 4 SOUTHWEST OF VELIK1E columns driving toward he nearby Latvian fron tier routed the Germans out of a stronglyfortified center of resist ance after smashing barbedwire defenses and picking a path through minefields vessel filled with raw materials 5 WEST OF German bCC were reputed Atlantic it was nnnnmm off I A Moscow broadcast declared that General Vatutws hardfight ing Legions seized 2000000 shells 500000 aerial bombs 17 planes and huge stores of supplies in the capture of Chcrnishkov and Cher nishkovskaya west of Stalingrad Other developments in the Eu ropean conflict WESTERN AIR bombers smashed at Germanys war foundries in the Ruhr valley Monday night for the second night in n row and the Berlin radio ac knowledged casualties and dam age lo buildings in residential quarters XOHTII A F RIC sandstorms forced a lull in op erations on the Libyan desert front where Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys British 8th army was last reported in contact with Rommels Afrika koips in the re gion west of Wadi Bei El Chebir There was nothing lo report from our land forces British headquarters announced LARGE GERMAN VESSEL SUNK Caught Trying to Run Blockade in Atlantic LONDON A large German vessel filled with raw materials for Germany has been sunk in the Atlantic it was announced offi jcially Tuesday I The announcement was made in this joint communique from the admiralty and anr ministry A large German vessel at tempting to run the blockade heavily laden with raw materials for Germany has been inter cepted by our patrols and sunk in the Atlantic The enemy vessel was sighted by aircratt ot the coastal com mand which directed surface forces to the area in which the enemy was ultimately found and sunk by if M s Scylla Capt I A P Maclntyrc C B E I TYRONE POWEK TRAINS SAN DIEGO Cal Star Tyrone Power hero of many a swashbuckling role begun sev en weeks preliminary training as a private in the marine corps here He had been on inactive duly since his enlistment in Aug ust ;