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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 4, 1946, Mason City, Iowa I 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HlflTORy AHQ ARC MOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wlrej Five Cents a Cop MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 4 1946 TRUMANJSKiHELPJRgMPEOPLE Labor and Industry DDCWUDC SHAKEUP SEEN IN GOVERNMENT FOR JAPANESE MacArthur Orders Political Purge of Japan Leaders Tokyo UR Baron Kijuro Shideharas government may be driven from office by 2 directives of Gen Douglas MacArthur or dering a political purge of all men and organizations guilty of pro moting Japanese aggression in formed Japanese sources said Friday At least 3 members of the Shidehara cabinet were members of political organizations abolished by the broadly worded MacAr thur decrees They were expected to quit the cabinet forcing a major reorganization MacArthur struck deep into the roots of Japanese aggression with his 2 decrees which will bar the militaristic factions from seeking office in the coming elections for the diet The first decree abolished at least 27 political ultranational ist militarist and secret organ izations The 2nd ordered the Japanese government to purge public offices and the govern ment service of men who have been active exponents of mili tarism and aggression Officials listed for removal from office include high military personnel influential members of the Black society and other terroristic organizations and influential members of the known as the Imperial Rule As sistance association the Imperial Rule Assistance Political society the Political Association of Great er Japan and their affiliates MacArthurs directives will have a liberalizingr influence on the ap proaching diet election By ban ning members of the forbidden organizations from office they will give the more democratic but less organized elements of Japan a better opportunity to win par liamentary seats MacArthurs directives were his first big policy statements since the big 3 foreign ministers con ference at Moscow which estab lished a far eastern commission to help formulate occupation policy The commission has not yet begun to function A headquarters spokesman said the directives were based on the big 3 Potsdam conference com munique of lasf July The Pots dam document said There must be eliminated for all time the au thority and influence of those who have deceived and misled the people of Japan into embarking on world conquest Says Homma io Blame for Death March Manila UR Lt Gen Masa haru Homma was accused by one of his former staff officers Friday of ordering the Bataan death inarch Lt Col Michio Kliayama who was in charge of communications and railroad transportation in Hommas 14th army group testi fied before he U S military com mission frying Homma for war crimes that his chief knew there was a shortage of transportation He said Homma gave orders that American and Filipino prison ers of war be marched from Ba taan to Camp ODonnel Hundreds of the prisoners died along the way from illness and starvation or as the result brutal treatment by their Japa nese guards Earlier Maj Gen Toshimitsu Takatsu who was in charge of prisoners of war testified that survivors of the march died at the rate of 300 daily after reaching Camp ODonnel because of a lack expected to capture no more than 30000 prisoners and were unpre pared to handle the 60000 who fell into their hands He said that the Japanese army was short on food and medical supplies and that many Japanese soldiers contracted malaria He said efforts were made to obtain medical supplies but they never arrived The sugar beet harvest in Wyo ming this year was 20000 acres more than last season Negotiations at BEER TRUCK OVERTURNSThis load of empties overturned on a curve on Hish way 18 about 4 mUes east of Mason City at p m Thursday The lights on the 2 ton semitrailer went out as Driver Ervin Hattfc Charles City was nfakinf a turn south and the truck only half completed the turn It tipped over in and HattiTre ceived a few scratches Bottles were scattered over a large area The empty beetcases were being hauled to the Capital Tobacco company at Chlrles City Sheriff Tta Phaen and the Iowa State Safety patrol investigated the accident Lock photo K A engi UNION LEADERS PLAN STRATEGY ON BIG STRIKES Government Has 2 Plants Let Strike Go By UNITED PKESS Negotiations between labor and industry were at a virtual stand still Friday as union leaders drafted final strategy for shut downs in essential industries across the nation If contemplated work stoppages iccur on schedule an additional 2000000 will be added within Z weeks to the 411000 U S work ers already idled by strikes Edgar L Warren chief of the U S conciliation service told re porters that the government was relying on mediations and fact Strike Picture At a Glance 400000 Workers Idle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS New and continuing labor disputes keep idle more than 400000 Major labor developments 5n radio address urges strike legislation to of nation walk out of 260000 telephone workers m sympathy with strikebv 17Off employes in WesternElectric company plants in New York and New Jersey over wage dispute new stoppage would affect 450000 tele phone employes The AFL Commercial Telegraphers union cancelled its strike 7000 CIO Western vxw employes an 11 inier Harvester company plants threatens as wage negotiations collapse union to set strike date Sunday Mine Mill and Smelter Workers union in Salt Lake 5000 of its Utah members of countrys biggest meat packers Armour Jnn I ikn comPanv Protest threatened strike Jan 16 by CIO United Packinghouse Workers in support of higher wages termed unwarranted and unreasonable nfiner Hitlers Secret Papers Show Hess Was Working in 1940 on Stopping War With England Nuernberg Germany fidential papers of Adolf Hitler showed Friday that as early as the fall of 1940 Rudolf Hess the deputy fuehrerj was working se cretly to establish contacts with reasonable Englishmen to try to end the war A detailed account of his ef forts is contained in a 1400 word report to Hitler written by Hess intimate advisor Dr Albrecht Haushofer Blay 25 1941 short ly after the deputy fuehrer flew to England on his vain mission Haushofer reported that at the end of September 1940 barely a year after the war started Hess instrumental to the in sending a ficial of the International Red In April month before Hess same Swiss of ficial whose name was not dis closed conveyed a peace feeler from important English circles to Haushofer as the deputy fuehrers representative the re port said This document now in the possession of allied and neutral intelligence outlining Haushof part in the peace overtures was in effect the death warrant of the professor son of geopoli tician Karl Haushofer i He immediately was marked down in gestapo records as hav ing sympathetic feelingand con SEEKS HOMES FOR VETERANS Washington Uft Wilson W Wyatt the new federal housing expediter is determined that vet erans will get homes within the prices they can afford The 40 year old former mayor of Louisville Kyi who was brought here by President Tru man to smash bottlenecks in the governments emergency housing program told interviewers he was confident the bnildine indus try couM be brought to build lowprice houses Wyatt said he couldnt discuss programs or policies until after a series of conferences with top government housing officials The first meeting will be held at the white house Saturday Wyatt is a tall slender man who gives short snappy answers to questions He took over his new job Thursday and summed up his aims in these 3 words More houses quickly Motorists Urged to Stay Off Highways Motorists in North Iowa were advised Fridayby the Iowa high way patrol to stay off the high Wiry The Mason City district of fice said that roads in this terri tory are coated with a layer of ice resulting from mist and rain which is freezing A heavy fog ac companied the adverse weather conditions Iowas weather picture in gen eral was a strange mixture of early January thunderstorms rain drizzle fog and ice Thunderstorms were reported in several sections of the state and rain and drizzle were general Heavy fog hampered highway travel in many areas and United Airline planes in Des Moines were grounded By districts the situation was this during Friday morning raining High ways icy in spots and foggy Light mist Not freezing Visibil ity 100 to 500 feet Highways nor mal to slippery in spots Ice forming on highways foggy Vis ibility less than onefourth mile Highways wet foggy Visibil ity to of a mile eave Couple in 70s Honeymoon not come until last je was executed for possible implication in the July 20 1944 death plot against Hit ler and in new secret peace ne gotiations through Swiss chan nels The initial behindthescenes peace moves according to Haus hofers report started when Hess asked him on Sept 10 1940 for advice how a communication might be sent to the Duke of Ham ilton near whose ducal home Hess ended his flight from Ger many v v MI Vernon The former Mrs Mary McCulcheon 71 part owner of the Mt Vernon Hawk eye Record and Dr John Lewis trilhn 4 professor emeritus sociology at the University of Wisconsin were honeymooning Friday after their marriage here at noon Thursday Married at the home of James W McCutcheon son of the bride and editor of the Hawkeye Rec ord the couple left soon after the ceremony for a motor trip The Gillins plan to make their home in Madison Wis after Feb 1 Dr Gillin author of 15 soci ology textbooks retired from teaching in 1942 Father Kills 4 of 5 Children on New Years Philadelphia bald 57 year old father despondent be cause his wife ran out again leav ing me a very sick man shot and killed 4 of his 5 children as they lay sleeping in bed New Years day and then fired a rifle bullet into his own head Police Lieuten ant James Kelly reports The bodies were discovered Thursday in a bloodspattered 2nd floor apartment in north Phila delphia Emil H Schuetz the father was found sprawled in an easy chair facing a Christmas tree A 3030 caliber rifle lay nearby where it had fallen from lifeless hands Kelly said In their pajamaclad Schuetzs children Bar bara 9 Earl 8 Malcolm 5 and Norman One bullet had killed each child Kelly said Uses Prescription Book to Obtain Coal Gal up N Mex iP Dr Charles W Kenney has put his prescription book to a new solving a fuel shortage for some of his patients For a family of 7 in dire need because of illness the physician prescribed coal addressing his or Bubany filled it NORWEGIANS AT DRAKE Djs Moines Norwegian students are to arrive in Des Moines Jan 28 to attend Drake university on tuitionscholarships granted for a years study George S Berry dean of students said Thursday Call Off Strike Washington AFL com mercial Telegraphers union Friday announced cancellation ot plans for a nationwide strike ot 50000 Western Union employes which had been set to begin Monday W L Alleii International president said the unions 58 Western Union locals had been notified of the ac tion and that the unions general committee would meet Monday with Western Union officials to discuss a recent wage award by the national war labor board The cancellation does not affect an nounced plans of 7000 CIO West ern Union workers in the New York area to strike Tuesday finding panels to avert walkouts in the meat packing steel electri cal appliance and shipbuilding industries Beyond that there were only 2 alternatives he seize the plants under the presidents war time powers or to let the strikes run their course A nationwide communications lieup loomed with a partial shut down ot the Western Electric Co manufacturers of 95 per cent of Americas telephone equipment Approximately 17000 employes left their jobs in 21 New York and New Jersey Western Electric Plants Thursday and 250000 members of the nationalfedera tion of telephone workers voted on whether to join the walkout Meanwhile top CIO leaders met with union president Philip Murray to set up consolidated strategy in the CIO auto workers 45day strike against General Motors and other strikes threat ened by the union over demands for higher pay In the key industrial town of Stamford 65 major industry was par alyzed for several hours Thurs day as organized labor groups united in a general strike CIO and AFL groups alike joined in a sympathy demonstra tion for employes of the strike bound Yale and Towne Lock Co seeking a closed shop agreement Another major strike threat in volving 400000 CIO shipbuilders bobbed up in Washington when government members of the ship building stabilization committee recommended a 10 per cent in crease The union was believed almost certain to reject it Pav 3Q dJ IO 17 T J hmployed Vets PORKERS SWAMP MARKET The St Paul Minn stockyards Friday declared an embargo on hog shipments effective at p m Friday night until p m Tuesday because of the glutted market conditions Pigs came to market so fast that a lineup of trucks delivering an estimated 35000 animals extended 4 miles back from the unloading pens AP Wirephoto K and A engr AFL Meat Cutters Advocate Packing Industry Meeting ChTcafbV The7 AFL Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen Friday asked President Truman to call a packing industry conference to prevent a complete tieup of the entire meat packin to personally call the conference prior to the dates of Jan 11 and 12 the union said in a telegram to hc chief executive After that time it may be too late Packinghouse Workers has called a strike of its 200000 members m 147 plants across the nation for Jan 16 to enforce demands for wage increases 25 cents an hour The AFL union in the telegram signed by Earl W Jimerson president and Patrick E Gor man secretarytreasurer said it had been hopeful that the 135 000 members of our international union would not become in volved in the CIO strike and would be able to negotiate for an adequate pay boost for the AFL union membership Meanwhile negotiations still were in effect but at a standstill Friday amid a verbal battle of opinion between the nations larg est packing companies and the strikethreatening CIO United Packinghouse Workers of Amer spokesman for the union ica A which Wednesday announced a strike of 200000 members in 147 Plants across the nation would be called Jan IB said no conferences with packers expected until next week IB said no further with packers were Des Moines to taling were made to 502 selfemployed Jowa veterans last month whose businesses failed to furnish them at least S100 during the month the Iowa employment security commission reported Thursday In November was paid to 318 selfemployect veterans The federal government makes up the difference each month be tween the selfemployed veterans earnings and S100 Meanwhile the number of vet erans receiving ordinary unem ployment aid increased from 4 356 in November to 9250 in De The December payments 0 or more than paid in vernber The weekly allowance is Lewis T Clark union president in announcing the strike call said negotiations nevertheless had not broken off and would continue The union asks a wage increase of 25 cents an hour over what it claims is an overall average wage in the industry of 87 cents Clark contended the packing house worker is one of the low est paid in American industry and hasnt had a general wage in crease since before Pearl Har bor He declared packers could pay the demanded increase with out a meat price rise because it would be offset by elimination of excess profits taxes and overtime and increased worker tivity However he said the produc Needs Firemens Help Kansas City Mos sel escaped from a fire in his apartment building all right but firemen had to rescue him He had taken refuge in a tree after cross ing the roof of an adjoining porch union woulo accept 17J5 cents an hour now then negotiate the other 74 cents after the national wage ture becomes clearer Swift and Armour and com UNRRA FIRES GEN MORGAN London UNRRA Fri day discharged Lt Gen Sir Fred erick E Morgan its chief of oper ations in Germany for saying Wednesday that organized Jewry was plotting a mass migration from Europe to Palestine A swift series of announcements by the UNRRA revealed that Mor gan had been given a suggestion that he resign He refused The suggestion was made a blunt de mand and his name was stricken from the list of UNRRA employes Forbes Promoted on Sioux City Newspaper Sioux City Forbes has been appointed managing cdi KU nounced Friday Carey died Christ mas day Forbes who has been assistant managing editor and Sunday man aging editor since the Journal and Tribune were consolidated in 1941 was city editor of the Journal prior to that time Hehasbeei connect ed with the Journal and Journal Tribune for more than 25 years SEES PRESSURE ON LAWMAKERS AS BIG POWER President Explains Action in Congress Distressingly Slow Washington Tru man called on the American peo ple Friday to demand more action md less talk from congress on leg islation to lessen strikes He also told the nation hi a hall iiour radio address Thursday night that time is running out on most of his other reconversion measures because action in senate and house has been distressingly slow Congress returns Jan 14 from Its holiday adjournment Unless we can soon meet the need ot obtaining full production ancL employment at home Mr Truman asserted we shall face serious consequences Therefore in this year of de cision Mr Truman turned to the most powerful pressure group in the American people great mass of our citizens who have no special interests whose interests are only the in terests oJ the nation as a whole The president expressed deep concern over present and threat ened strikes in auto steel elec trical and meat packing industries Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and juild with occasional rain and considerable fog Friday night and Saturday Low Friday night 30 to 35 pany have offered a Iowa Cloudy and mildwith oc casional drizzle and consider able fog Friday night Saturday cloudy with occasional rain and continued mild Minnesota Mostly cloudy and cents which the union has under advisement Secretary of Agriculture Ander son said that because of lowmeat reserves the strike must be averted McGuire Returns to Iowa Daily Press Des Moines Gene S McGuire Friday returned to the Iowa Daily Press Associations central office as director of sales He has been released from service in the navy after 2 years in which he saw duty in both the Atlantic and Pacific Harold C Forrester will serve the association as assistant direc tor of sales and Paul R Bum barger is executive secretary mild Friday night and Saturday Occasional rain south and rain or snow in north portion Satur day beginning in extreme south late Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weatherstatistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 31 Minimum 13 At 8 a m Friday morning 31 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum g Minimum u Precipitation Trace Hickenlooper Soys Washington e n a t o r Ilickenlooper made the followingcomment after President Trumans radio speech to the nation Thursday night The presidents speech was an apology for the failure of ad ministrative leadership in con gress The administration has control of substantial Cumbers of votes in both houses and es pecially of the committees he referred to Vigorous leadership and effort on the part of the white house should be able to pass needed legislation declared that warend promises of cooperation from members of con gress industry labor and farm groups have not all been kept and concluded We cannot shirk leadership in the postwar world Tlfc problems of our economy will not be solved by timid men mistrustful of each other We cannot face 1016 in a spirit of drift or irresolution First congressional comment was sharply divided and not entirely along party lines Although Senator Lucas D said he thought Mr Tru mans address struck pay dirt and should spur action on many vital issues Senator George D observed that that outlook is not as unpromising or dreary as some think Senator Elbert D Thomas D noting that this is an elec tion year declared The presi dent of the United Slates who is a democrat has spanked a demo cratic congress Lets watch the results i There was no immediate reac tion from labor or industry In his address Mr Truman said that of equal importance the with settlement of management jrectors an1 disputes is the question of keeping prices on an even keel Hitting at pressure groups which he said are lobbying to take off price controls the chief exccutne said these restrictions and those over rents will have to be extended even beyond their June 30 expiration date So he said will controls on scarce ma terials Today the pressures for in flation are many times stronger than those which caused the in flation after World war I and which caused the 1920 depres sion he asserted Calling for prompt action on his Dec 3 request for legal au thority to set up fact finding boards in major industrial dis strikes to be held in check for 30 days pending board Truman said Every day that production is delayed and civilian goods are kept from our markets by strikes or lockouts brings injury to our reconversion program Already millions of dollars in wages have been lost to workers Laboring men and women are using up their savings It is for these reasons that I urged the congress to pass this legislation without delay The time has come for every citizen of the United States to make his opinion knovro to his representative in the congress he said Once that is done you may be sure that results will fol low Mr Trumah expressed the hope too that legislators will talk to their constituents while home on vacation and that immediately on ;