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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 04, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 4, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Aisoclated Press ud United Full Leased Wins Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 4 1945 This Paper Consists of Two NO 75 YANKS GAIN 3 MILES IN BLIZZARD Nazis Attack in Effort to Aid Budapest Force GRQUNDBEFORE FIERCE THRUST Jury Is Unable to Reach Verdict in Chaplin Case Judge Declares Mistrial Hollywood Court Judge Henry Willis Thursday dismissed a jury of 7 women and 5 men who were unable to reach a verdict after a day and a half Mobile Warfare Rages as Germans Try to Break Through Line Moscow warfare raged between Budapest and Vi enna Thursday as a huge German tank and infantry force mounting the first on the eastern front since October sought to break through Russian lines to the relief of the surround ed garrison in the Hungarian capital In the last Z days the Russians have given ground and it was probable that more would have to be yielded although the Russians appeared to be getting the situa tion in hand The German counterassault was sprung from the area of Komar om a Danube river town 45 miles northwest of Budapest The GermanHungarian garri son in Budapest where the Rus sians have overrun 1062 city 1 blocks was reported making sav age attacks in an effort to break out toward the relieving force Nearly a 3rd of the eastern sec tion of the capital was in soviet hands an additional 200 blocks having been captured in the last 24 hours The exact time the Germans Jaunched their counterattack in the Kqmarom been disclosed but troth available re Vports it appears to have tigen Xues day morning in was Uiro wii at Russian artillery posi tions A Red Star dispatch said the artillery line had been forced back by German tanks southeast of the city but it did not state the extent of the withdrawal The official ac count said merely that the Rus sians had given up several popu lated points along the southern bank of the Danube The most recent official accounts of the advance on Komarom had placed Russian elements 10 miles east of the city The German air force has been giving increasing support to the attacking armor and infantry The enemy action although heavy and violent does not resemble any counteroffensive field dispatches said The Russian communique said Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskys troops driving on Losonc Luce in southern Slovakia north west of Budapest had captured Sacher half a mile from Losoncs limits Ten other places to the east and south alsofell to the Russians deliberation on the paternity charges brought against Comedian Charlie Chaplin by redhaired Joan Berry his former drama protege Judge Willis declared a mis trial I believe the jury knows its own mind he said I am in clined to accept the opinion of jurors who have deliberated sev eral hours and reported they can not reach a verdict Foreman Ferdinand J Gay had reported to the judge that the jury had taken 6 ballots and on each one had been deadlocked at to 5 Because it was a civil suit vote of 9 jurors either way would have been enough to reach a decision on whether Chaplin was he father of Miss Berrys daugh ter Carol Ann now 15 months old Every ballot was 7 to 5 for Chaplin Gay reported The jury was above average in intelligence the judge said The division is fairly close to what we commonly call 5050 he said To keep the jurors in custody longer would be just a little smacking of judicial pressure and not proper judicially iss Berry was not in court but reached at her home she said I really dont know what I will do 1 have nothing to say at this time Youll have tq talk to my CANADIANS TAKE ITALIAN VILLAGE 100 Prisoners Captured With Allied Advance Rome if Canadian troops Jiave captured the village of Con ventello 2 miles east of Alfonsin on the BavennaFerrara highway after inflicting heavy casuaitie on picked German forces alliec headquarters announced Thurs iay Approximately 100 prisoner were taken in the advance a com munique said After capturing Conventello the Canadians pushed out along road to the north on the east ban of the Fosso Vecchio about 100 yards and came to within 2 miles of San Alberta on the shore o the Valli Di Cotnmachio Southwest of Alfonsine 8t army forces chipped away at th German bridgehead on the eas bank of the Senio river an gained about a quarter of a mile Meanwhile patrolling by bot sides was intensified all the wa across the front particularly the area of highway 65 due soul of Bologna American artillery broke up sharp enemy raids in the area o San Ansano just west of highwa 9 4 miles below Bologna WICKARDS MOTHER DIES Flora Jnd JP Mrs Lenor Wickard 70 mother of Sccreta of Agriculture Claude R Wickarc died Wednesday night in her horn near here The secretarys fathe Andrew Jackson Wickard died few months ago attorney Joseph Scott She appeared distraught arid r at home andVwas not talking to reporters Six of the 7 women Were for haplin The lone man favoring theco ned ian wasTheodore Reischel an iterior decorator who has one on Gay said blood tests counted cavity in the deliberations They ever discounted Chaplin entirely s the father he said batthey Iso considered writer Hans eusch and oilman J Paul Getty s possibly involved Miss Berry had testified that she ad spent time in Reuschs apart ment during the period the baby vas conceived and another wit ess had testified that she had old of spending time with Getty i Tulsa during the same period The men were more decided in leir opinions than the women lay said Scott said he was indignant but lot surprised We are going right back to the alendar conrt and ask for a new rial he said The outcome is ust as I thought it might be with he women throwing the rocks at he Attorney Charles E Pat Mil ikan representing Chaplin was We are naturally disappointed nit are glad that the jury was for Chaplin he said One juror who asked hat the name be withheld was outspoken Chaplin almost lost this case v h e n his attorney compared Chaplin lo Jesus Christ SWISS REPORTS INDICATE MUCH NAZI STRENGTH German Armies Are Capable of Effective War for Many Months By THOMAS F HAWKINS Bern from in side Germany discounting nazi propaganda indicates that Ger man armies equipped with a sc ries of new weapons must be reckoned a fighting force capable of continuing effective resistance for many months Moreover the nazis apparently believe they can still win the war by taking advantage of allied mis takes and difficulties Reports dealing with the Ger man military situation and use of secret weapons coming from a halfdozen independent sources in the reich stress these factors White a fluke might end the war tomorrow or a new allied of fensive rriight quickly s ma s h Nazis React Violently and Advance in Some Areas Battles Rage Paris 1st army infantry and tanks fought 3 miles forward in the new offensive against the north flank of the Belgian bulgeby 8 a m and continued the advance Thursday through a blinding snowstorm it was disclosed at supreme headquarters The gains were along a 6 mile front on both sides of GrandmeniJ 20 miles north of Bastognc Three to 5 miles north and northeast of that bastion town on the southern flank of the German penetration the U S 3rd army was halted by VIOLENT COUNTERATTACKS against the heroic 101st airborne division Half the gains below Grandmenil were made in the first 8 hours after Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges resilient army went over the top Weather worsened Snowstorms turned 1 MIRACULOUS dramatic picture of Lt S F Ford fighter pilot from Balti more Md walking away from his P38 unharmed a few seconds after he crash landed He was shot down in flames by a Jap Zero over Mindoro island P I Associated Press wirephoto from U S signal covps engraving by Kayenay PUT OUT BLAZE Golden Colo fire at a filling station and grocery store finally was put outJby calling on trusties from the city jail Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued cold Thursday night and Friday Occasional light snovy Thursday afternoon and evening Lowest Thursday night about 15 below at Mason City Iowa Continued cold Thursday night and Friday Lowest tem perature 10 below north to zero extreme south Few snow flur ries Thursday night Clearing Friday Minnesota Continued cold Thurs day night and Friday Lowest temperatures 25 below extreme north and 10 below extreme south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 9 above Minimum Wednesday night 11 below At 8 a m Thursday 2 above Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum U Minimum 26 massing pazi forces that the G errnans have suj4 ficient gasoline to carryout their present battle new secret weapons are being turned out steadily in underground factories and 3 troop reinforcements are still available in large quantity It is difficult to determine the degree these informants have un consciously absorbed nazi propa ganda but they are in a position to be well informed and have proved reliable in the past Observers in Berlin are con vinced the nazis had far greater Underground stores of gasoline than the allies believed Synthetic gasoline is still being manufac tured and the Germans need far less fuel for their operations than in the days when the luftwaffe went out steadily One German said of the luft waffe We now go into action only after good scouting and in telligence reports indicate it will be worthwhile These informants believe firmly that Vweapons being turned out in underground factories in Czechoslovakia as well as in the reich now number up to 10 They say a new airplane ready for use is shot from the ground likea rocket Carrying a crew it switches to gasoline until approaching the target Then the plane can use compressed air to permit a silent swoop Alter leaving the targe and launching its one torpedo i can switchback to gasoline aiu land normally The plane is said to mount 2 cannons and has a cruising range of about 1000 miles Berlin declares a new portable rocket machine strapped to one man and firing effectively over a 400yard range was used in thi von Rundstedt offensive Meanwhile the nazis are study ing constantly allied propaganda military policy and political ma Hickenlooper Has Temporary Senate Office With Wilson By ANN HICKS Washington the former governor of South Carolina and the former governor of North Dakota get together Thursday with the former governor of Iowa probably will just stand around and envy Leverett Saitonstall the former governor of Massachusetts And you can blame it all on of fice trouble All the 4 exgovernors are new lyelected senators But Saiton stall it appears is the only one who has nice large clean off ice pf his own that hii tail move right J A1i Belgium and France This conrs is being pursued by Germans wh believe they can yet win a worth while bargain by fighting on While the truth is difficult t distinguish 2nd hand by any re porter this is what nonGermai friends who have been on the spo say The nazis believe thepolitica upheavals in Greece and Belgium and the still uncertain politica situation in France have don much to convince the German their best chance is to keep fight ing and that as the allies involv themselves in more bickering compromise will become mor welcome These sources say the German who might be tempted to revo or offer passive resistance are dis heartened by allied propaganda because they are able to check an find errors Consequently the hesitate to accept that which correct Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazeti carrier boy TKe bthes U getoff ices eyer lally but as of riow the situation somewhat complicated Heres hat we mean Iowas former chief executive lourke B Hickenlooper a repub can has been taken in temper y by Iowas senior senator eorge A Wilson also a republi n until Sen James E Murray D Mont makes room or Hick nlooper by moving into the office f former Sen Guy M Gillette But Murray cant move into the illette headquarters because lats where the former governor North Dakota Democrat John loses has taken refuge And Moses is waiting for Sen obert A Taf t R Ohio to trans er to the office that former Sena or Gerald P Nye left behind And aft hasnt begun to pack Confer ence you know The former governor of Soutl Carolina Olin D Johnston a ctem crat isnt waiting for another enator to move on Hes homeless ecause painters and movers are till applying turpentine to anc ubtracti ng furniture from the of ice vacated by Sen Sheridan Downey Cal Hickenloopcr a tall blueeycO blond defined himself for report rs as a liberal republican II aid he was most interested in ICR slation that will reestablish th ystem of free enterprise and en lourage the initiative of the in dividual Moses the only democrat th of North Dakota ever elec ed to the senate said he could be efined as a liberal democrat vhatever that may imply As far as I am concerned he aid the biggest job to do in this enate is win the war and then stablish the peace and main tain it Then he pounded his borrowed shirk ecVii Plan Ban on National Conventions New York ban on na ional conventions for the rest o he year 1945 is being prepared by the ofices of war mobilization and of defense transportation the American Transit association re ported Thursday The plan was related in a tele ram to War Mobilization Director Byrnes from Col Roane Waring president of the ATA offering co operation in such a move We are informed that your of fice is contemplating a ban on al national conventions forthe cur rent calendar year Col Waring said in the telegram text of whid was released by the ATA offic here Germans Strictly Ration False Teeth Stockholm Berlin dis patch said Thursday that fats teeth will be rationed strictly Germany from now on and can be had only by special permission of authorities Dentistry hns been a major problem in Germany since the allies bombed 2 toolh porce lain factories some time in 1943 Ihe dispatch said DEGORAH LISTS LOW OF 21 Some Parts of State Get 3 Inches of Snow Des Moines mercury ropped to 21 degrees below zero t Decorah early Thursday as more ban 3 inches offresh snow was eported in other sections of the tale The weather bureau said the would continue Thursd andLFridayp with minimum readirigsTKursdaynight ranging from zero in the south to 10 below in the northern part of the state A few snow flurries also were forecast The snow was heaviest over the central and southwestern sections Council Bluffs reported the Jieav est fall 32 inches Des Moines had 23 inches making 54 inches on the ground Ottumwa had one inch There was no new snow in northern Iowa The snow began falling Wed nesday and continued late into the night in some areas ft was light and was cleaned off highways without difficulty The state high way commission reported all roads were open although some were slippery because of packed snow Other below zero temperatures early Thursday included Atlan tic 17 Davenport 15 Iowa City 14 Ottumwa 12 Charles City 10 Mason City 11 Dubuque 8 Spen cer Clinton and Burlington 6 DCS Moines 5 Cedar Rapids and Coun cil Bluffs 4 and Sioux City 1 The highest reading Wednesday was 27 above at Council Bluffs Coroners Jury Blames Mrs Judson in Death if Rich Benefactress Ios Angeles Louise cete Jlidson who spent 18 years of her life in prison for murdering i wealthy miner Thursday awaited urther action on a second murder charge after a coroners jury lamed her for the death of Mrs Margaret Logan her elderly ben efactress The jury accused Mrs Judsons lusband Lee Borden Judson of possessing guilts knowledge as a principal and recommended both DC held Mrs Logans body was found in shallow grave in the backyard of her home Dec 20 six months after her disappearance She had been shot and her head beaten Mrs Judson better known as Mrs Peete the name under which she was sentenced to a life term in prison for murdering Jacob C Denton in 1920 refused lo testify at the inquest on grounds that she might incriminate herself IOWA VICE PRESIDENT SWEARS IN IOWA SENA President Henry A Waliace an lowan swears in a fellow lowan as he gives the oath of office to Sen Bourke B Hickenlooper republican from Iowa as the 79th congress opened Thursday Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving into blizzards Field Marshal von Rundstedt REACTED SWIFTLY with tanksupport ed counterattacks The Germans said British tanks were participating in the new offensive and that the U S 9th army had been rolled up from Aachen Some 15 miles or so to the south 14 Gen George S Fattons third army advance was halted at least temporarily by violent German counterattacks north and north east of Bastogue against the fam ous 101st airborne division Field Marshal von Rundstedt built his southern flank force to 10 divi sions A dispatch fromthe 7th army ront in northern Lorraine said the threatening German thrusl south of Bitche had been blunted and Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs men were hammering steadily flanks of the enemy sailent achiec ing some advances Persistent German attacks from the Saar to the Rhine however hac forced the Americans from thei holdings in the German Palatinat east Gap an from all except the Saarlautern bridgehead in the Saarland German advances of up to miles in Lorraine reached almos to Reiperstwiller G miles Bitche and just 13 miles north o Saverne on the allied lifeline to til Rhine city of Strasbourg A sma flanks of the enemy salient achiev ing from a comer of Bitche itself bastion of the old Maginot line Von Rundstedt reacted swiftly tc the first army offensive opened a m Wednesday by Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges after 17 day of defensive parrying fighting H started counterattacks Throwing in fresh reserves an taking advantage of the hard ter rain and cruel weather the skill ful German commander braced h infantry and started using armore elbows against botli the first an third army drives At the extreme southwest uos of the bulge other Americans ac vanced a mile and a half cap tured two unidentified villagi south of Rochefort and hig ground dominating the valley Hodges shoving slowly powerfully south from Gram menil began to encounter strongi elements of the enemy army H was pushing boldly straight to ward one of the heaviest concci tralions of German power on U front Tile German marshal conr milled another tank d i v i s i o against the Bastogne sector Of the 10 German divisions fighting Pat ton half are tank or tank grena diers units The Americans were regaining Boy 7 Dies From Acute Alcoholism St Louis Pankey 7 died Wednesday a victim of acute alcoholism The boys par ents reported finding him appar ently intoxicated in their base ment on New Years night He told them he had drunk a cup of whisky Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGaieltc carrier boj y yards what the Germans in eir surprise offensive gained by lies but the angry and battered oughboys knew from the outset at the going would be slow and ugh and were declared prepared r it In the bulge were 20 German visions 11 of them officially de xibed as severely mauled Since he start of the German drive ec 16 the first army had cap ured 10670 prisoners and the 3rd rmy 8484 a total of 19154 German broadcasts asserted iat 140000 casualties were in licted un the Americans in De ember although their commu icjue Wednesday placed allied osses only as far exceeding 50 00 The Germains said the allies ad opened an allout attack from Stavelot to Marche and asserted hat the U S 9th army last rc iorted on the lower Hoer river lefore Cologne was participat Although the German pace was reported slowed in the snowy Vos es mountains of borderland Trance the situation there still jad elements of peril Below Bitche within 2 y2 milesof the open Al ace plain Should the Germans reach the plain the allied holds on both Strasbourg and the stra tegic Wissembourg gap would be threatened The seventh army recaptured Wildengulh just northwest ot Reipertswiller but lost Phillips bourg 8 miles southeast of Bitche on the road to Haguenau 15 miles away The Americans fought to win Phillipsbourg Around Bitche the seventh held on to the big Maginot fort of Sim erserhoff but yielded the partially destroyed remnants of the equally powerful forts Schiesseck and Freudenburg AP Correspondent Robert C Wilson said Southeast of Sarregucniines the Germans advanced to Achen and Gros Rederching Both are five miles inside France and 7 miles back from the positions inside Germany from which the Ameri cans retreated At last reports the Americans still held Wissembourg Gap into the Bavarian Palatinate of Ger many on a front 10 or 12 miles wide The German radio said the al lies had launched an all out of fensive in the bulge from Stavelot to Marche Whatever the outcome of the bulge battle in the heavily for ested hills of the Ardennes where the allied winter campaign was slapped to a standstill it became increasingly apparent that von NEW the focal point of the bitter west ern front battle continued to be the town of Bastogne Germany launched a new attack against the U S 7th army front far south of the German bulge in Belgium ;