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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 03, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 3, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OF STORY AND ARCHIVED Associated Press and United Press Full Leased PUSH BACK YANKS ON SOUTH FRONT Nagoya Osaka and Hamamatsu Are Lashed by American Armada Washington OIR B29 Super fortresses crashed hundreds of tons of bombs on the Japanese War production centers of Nagoya Osaka and Hamamatsu Wednes day in the opening blow of the the 1945 air offensive against enemy homeland A Japanese communique indi rectly admitted some fire damage to vital facilities and factories in the Nagoya and Uamamatsu areas A brief U S war department announcement said only that Sai panbased Br29s had attacked in dustrial targets on the capital is land of Honshu but the enemy communique identified the 3 war centers as the targets of about 90 Superfortresses The main force concentrated on the big aircraft center of Nagoya the Japanese communique said while other units raided the Osaka area 85 miles to the southwest and the Hamamatsu area 50 miles to the southeast The planes struck about 2 p m Tokyo Although there was some dam age inflicted in the Nagoya and Hamamatsu areas by the enemy incendiary bombs the commu nique said there was almost no damage inflicted upon vital facili ties and f actones The i communique claimed that 47 B28s had Jxsen shot down and 25 Two Japaneseplane3thave not yet reported back it added An earlier Tokyo transmission heard by the United Press in Lon don had said Osaka Japans 2nd largest 250 miles southwest of Tokjjo was the main target A small number of fire bombs dropped on the Osaka area during an hour and a half raid at 2 p m Tokyo but ground installations were not damaged seriously London quoted Tokyo as saying The broadcast claimed several Superfortresses were shot down or damaged Osaka Japans biggest industrial center produces tanks planes guns explosives and ships for the Japanese war effort and had a 1940 population of 3252340 It lies 250 miles southwest of Tokyo FOG Monitors said Tokyo re ported that several formations of B29s hit Nagoya Japans main aircraft production center 165 iniles west of Tokyo Though Osa ka has not been raided before Nagoyas Mitsubishi aircraft plants were bombed 3 times by B29s in December the last time on Dec 22 The raid was the first in strength this year by the Saipan based 21st bomber command un der Brig Gen Haywood S Han sel Jr However a single B29 on a weather strike bombed Tokyo early on New Years day morning Meantime a Pearl Harbor com munique disclosed that B24 Lib erators of the Pacific strategic air force bombed Iwo Japanese air base half way between Saipan and Tokyo Monday Tokyo lime for the 25th consecutive day against only moderate fire The daily assaults were designed lo neutralize bases from which the Japanese have been taking off to raid Saipan and to intercept Ja panbound B29s A lone Japanese plane struck back at Saipan Tuesday but failed to cause damage It was the 8th raid on Saipan since the Super fortresses began operations from the Marianas island Report Hitler Refused Vienna Appeal to Declare City Open London Paris radio said Wednesday that Adolf Hitler has refused an appeal by Vienna officials to declare Vienna an open city to spare it the fate of Budapest and has ordered the evacuation of the civilian population The broadcast also said the provisional Hungarian government in Rus sianoccupied Debrecen has ap pealed to military and civilian au thorities in Budapest to cease fighting to preserve what is left of the ancient Hungarian capital Bay joar War Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy B29s Blast Plants in 3 Jap Cities JAPS DECLARE RAIDS MADE BY 90 SUPERFORTS Minimum of 2 Below Is Listed Here Des Moines Near zero weather continued throughout Iowa Wednesday and the weather bureau forecast lower temperatures with light snow in some sections Wednesday night and early Thursday The lowest temperature reported to the weather bureau early Wednesday was 2 degrees below zero at Mason City The maximum temperature in the state Tuesday was 28 at Council BluffsrUght precipitation was reported in all sections New Cold Wave Moving South By UNITED PRESS A new cold wave moved from Canada toward the northern and midwestern states Wednesday but was not expected to be as severe as the subzero spell which gripped the central states Tuesday and then swept eastward The Chicago weather bureau forecast temperatures of IS to 20 degrees below zero in northern Minnesota Wednesday night 10 to 15 below in northern Wisconsin and upper Michigan and possibly 5 below in northern Iowa Elsewhere he said the mercury will stay slightly above the zero mark Atlantic seaboard states however were promised a 36 hour respite from Tuesday nights nearzero temperatures before feeling the effects of the new cold wave Temperatures probably will rise to the low 30s before falling again Thursday Directs D Deferred Farir 18 Through 25 deferred farm workers in the IBthrough 25 age class Acting with President Roosevelts authorization War Mobilization Director James F Byrnes called on Selective Service Direct tor Lewis B Hershey to draw as much as possible on this largest remaining reservoir of potential fighting men Byrnes said there are 364000 men in this age range now holding agricultural deferments The army and navy believe it essential to the effective prosecution of the war Byrnes said to induct more men in this age group The president feels in view of existing conditions Byrnes told Hershey agriculture like our other war industries can with few exceptions he carried on by those in the older age groups Byrnes noted that Hershey had told him that if men were not available from the farms he would have to call up deferred men in the next higher age group most of whom are fathers Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said the war mobilization director had made the request to Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey iibecause of representations made to him by the army and navy that they must have Byrnes proposed to tap this new source of manpower lor the armed services It represents the largest remaining source of young men Byrnes acted in the wake of reports that War Food Administrator Marvw Jones was r opposed to flOf moveto draftlferW workers He madelus the selective service director in a letter proposing that he go as fai as possible to draft the young men in the light of the Tydings amendment aimed at exempting bona fida farm workers from military service The Tydings amendment directed draft boards to exempt essential agricultural workers bat left to locar boards the determination of standards for deferment However in the past selective service has made advisory standards for deferments Local boards were free however to act upon their own judgment Under the selective service systems advisory a farm work unit standard was set up A unit designated a specific quantity of farm work Originally the system recommended that all farm workers doing 16 units of work per year be deferred Later selective service recommended that more work be required This recommendation however brought sharp protest from farm orgemizations and farm state congressmen and consequently was dropped Deferments in Iowa Reviewed DCS Moines Brig Gen Charles H Grahl Iowa selective service director said Wednesday local boards in this state have been continually reviewing agricultural deferments and have been inducting some such registrants as they become available He had just been informed that James F Byrnes war mobilization director had called upon selective service to take steps for the immediate induction into the armed services of men 18 of i Workers in Age Class use Wednesday directed selective permitted by law the drafting of who now have agricultural deferments We have been inducting some of those men of the 18 through 25 age group who hold agricultural deferments where we feel that by taking them it will not disrupt agricultural activities the general said General Grahl said he was not at liberty to announce the number or the approximate number of Iowa registrants who hold agricultural deferments He declined to comment further upon the Byrnes statement until some directive comes to his office from national selective service headquarters POSITIONS IN ITALY PROBED 2 Strong Thrusts byGermans Are Repulsed Rome UR American raiding parties and patrols probed deeply into enemy positions at various points along the 5th army front while at least 2 strong German thrusts were repulsed headquarters announced Wednesday In the central sector below Bologna 5th army units counterattacked and recaptured an outpost which a German patrol had overrun north of Uvergnano Monday night A strong enemy patrol supported by was repulsed nearMonte Cavalloro Fifth army troops contacted the enemy at several points in a thrust toward Massa in the west coastal sector and encountered a number of booby traps a communique reported On the 3th army front Canadian infantry and armor continued clearing enemy positions between the Lamone river and the Fosso Vechio waterway east of Alfonsine Farther south an enemy pocket east of the Senio being cleared slowly Iowa Flyer Tells of Smacking London IP Sgt Robert Cory of Farrar was among U S 8th air force members who participated in a strafing attack on German equipment in the Coblenz and Frankfurt areas Tuesday Reporting after the attack Sgt Cory said the panzers were sitting out there just waiting to be hit and we smacked them with direct Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Wednesdaynight and Thursday with occasional light snow Colder Wednesday night with lowest temperature at Mason City 10 below Moderating temperature late Thursday Iowa Partly cloudy and cold Wednesday night and Thursday Occasional light snow in the southwest portion Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and cold Thursday Lowest temperatures Wednesday night ranging from 15 below north to 8 below extreme south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 16 above Minimum Tuesday night i below At 8 a m Wednesday 1 below At 9 a m Wednesday 2 below At p m Wednesday 9 above At p m Wednesday 8 above Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 17 Danes Blasted Factory Making Parts for Nazi V2 Weapon Stockholm Eighty Danish patriots have blown up a radio manufacturing plant in Copenhagen which makes magic eyes and other parts for the German V2 weapon the free Danish press service said Wednesday The Danes overpowered 20 factory guards early Tuesday morning killing 1 of them the dispatch added MIGRATION Fort niadison Severe cold weajther in southeastern Iowa and the shooting done to protect crops might have caused migration of some of the ducks which had been feeding on bottomland cornfields in the area state conservation officials said Tuesday They said remaining ducks were feeding on waste grain in picked cornfields your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 79TH CONGRESS MEETS FACES CRITICAL YEAR Both Chambers Called to Order at Noon New Members Are Inducted Washington 79th con gressVwas convened with war born solemnity Wednesday as the nation girded for a critical year both at home and abroad As if stressing the prime im portance of the manpower prob lem the white house greeted the assembling lawmakers with an announcement that young farm workers now deferred must be drafted to the lull extent per mitted bjr law Both chambers were ga veiled into being promptly at noon Spectators crowded the galleries to watch newly elected members formally inducted A note of political dissension arose in the senate when Demo cratic Leader Barkley Ky broke into the proceedings to obtain unanimous consent that Senator Elect Homer Capchart Indiana republican be permitted to lake the oath without prejudice lo a possible future decision on his seating The senatorial campaign inves tigating committee has been in quiring into Capeharts election While Senator Ball member of a subcommittee which made the inquiry said nothing was found to warrant further in vestigation other members urged the justice department to look into the case Charges were made that many were de nied the right fo vote With a bust of former Secretary of State Cordell Hull standing on the rostrum the senate began its ceremonies with the presentation of election credentials for Cape Forrest Donnell Missouri re publican ivho was not present and William J Fulbright Arkan sas democrat On the houses brief calendar snbw drifts land suburb weather I Cleveland Ohio as a cold wave marooned scene c winds and high for pening day was the routine reelection of Sam Hoyburn D Tex to his 4th term as speaker The democrats were ready to speed their organization by choos ing their members of the biggest standing particularly those dealing with the war and government spend ing Most business will be postponed until after President Roosevelts 4th wartime message on trie state of the union is read to members in a joint session Saturday But controversy already had be gun to develop around an issue as old as the fishtln posals for universal service legis lation The president gave a sort of ap proval to talk about workortight legislation at Tuesdays white house news conference When a reporter asked if he was for that kind of a law Mr Roosevelt said he thought so He added it was up to congress to write the ticket The president said he was in substantial accord with the rec ommendations of War Mobilizer James F Byrnes These included an appeal for broadened govern ment control over men rejected by the army as physically unfit This found some support in congress mixed with strong dis sent There also was argument over a Byrnes suggestion that the war labor board be given author ity to enforce its orders without resorting to government seizure of plantsHis proposals for enact ment of postwar tax changes got a cool reception in some quarters The house military committee will meet Friday to decide what todo about Byrnes idea thai the 4000005 4Fs should be made subject to assignment o war plant jobs Members will consider also whether to hold hearings on uni versal service legislation that would five the government the right to lell men and women they must take war jobs On the other side of the capi tal Sen George DGa said he saw no necessity for legislation such as Byrnes suggested The 4Fs could be handled under ex jstmg law he contended Sen Vandenberg chairman of the republican con ference said that if the president asked for workorfight legisla tion he probably would get it JOINS DOLLIVER STAFF Des Moines Josephine Birdsall Fort Dodge securities clerk in the Iowa insurance de partment the past 5 years has re signed to join the Washington staff ot Rep James I Dolliver Fort Dodge ADVANCE PAST BURNING YANK HALF jerman soldiers wearing heavy winter garb ad vance past a burning American halftrack somewhere on the front m the European theater This photo is from Ger man film captured by American forces Associated Press wirephoto from signal corps engraving by Kayenay Robert D Blue Starts Duty as Acting Governor of Iowa CHAPLIN CASE MMfHORY Detailed Irish actions Are Given by Judge Hollywood UR A jury of 7 women and 5 men Wednesday be gan deliberating Joan Berrys pa ternity suit against Comedian Charlie Chaplin after 35 minutes of detailed instructions from the judge on what they should consid er from the 11 days of testimony and argument The sole issue Superior Judge Henry M Willis told the jurors is whether Chaplin is the father of Miss Berrys chubby little daugh ter now 15 months old He said the verdict must be We the jury find the defendant Charles Spen cer Chaplin is or is not the father Carol Ann Berry The judge delivered his final in structions to the jury in a precise manner in a halfempty court room Chaplin Miss Berry and Carol Ann were not present The jurors filed out past the bench and uptsairs to a tiny room where they were locked in for dc sworn in as United States senator in Washington At oclock Secretary of State Wayne M Hopes receivec a telegram from Gov Hicken T authorizing him7tp governors r e s i gnat ion at i I oclock at which hour he Wulj be taking the oath in the senate chamber Ropes Ment to he governors office uhere Blue had been in charge since Tuesday and offi cially notified him that the resig nation was on file Blue said he would sign all state papers as governor even though he will not take the oath of that office until Jan 11 He said he had decided against tak ing the oath now because Attor ney General John Rankin had in formed him that he automatically became the acting governor upon Hickenloopers resignation Rankin said that during the time Blue seried as acting gov ernor he could not act as lieuten ant governor The duties oflieu tenant govarnoi including pre siding over the senate when it convenes Monday will go to the president protempore of the sen ate At the last session the presi dent protern was Sen Frank C liberation Judge Willis told them p should give blood tests the BRIDGEHEADS IN GERMANY ON 55 MILE LINE LOST US 7th Army Sucked Out of Footholds to Stem Ardennes Drive BULLETIN Paris UR American forces lave lost all of their bridgeheads in Germany along a 55 mile stretch between the Sarreguc Mines area and the Rhine in a withdrawalto northeastern France dictated by developments elsewhere front dispatches re vealed Wednesday night The developments elsewhere which sucked the American 7th army out of its German footholds appeared to be the Ardennes breakthrough against which thej American 3rd army swung for midable forces from positions on the left flank of the Paris American ar mored onslaught smashed miles northeast of Bastogne Wed nesday up the diagonal railway toward St Vith beating into the outskirts of Michamps and into the Maister woods through stub born German resistance But the German army was lash ing out furiously at a dozen places along the undulating 70 mile front from the Saar to the Rhine in di versionary assaults which already have cost the Americans Iheir thin foothold on German soil northeast of Sarreguemines The attacks may yet prove to be another burst in Field Marshal von Rundstedts offensive So far theAmerican line was holding the Germans to limited gains but the nazis were still striking along their Z mile deep and 5 mile long dent southeast of Bitche The enemy moreover had ariveri a badgeheadiacross the Bliss river east ofSirregueTnines Snow was falling again over the Belgian bulge and there was rain farther south At least through Wednesday morning close air support was lacking because pianos were grounded However although snow and rain negated close air support 1 100 American heavy bombers struck for the 12th consecutive day with from 3000 to 4000 tons of explosives on a 150mile belt from Cologne to Karlsruhe The German communique said the 3rd army was using 8 divisions half of them armored in a su preme effort to encircle nazi po sitions on 3 sides of Bastogne and minor withdrawals Byers R though the Cedar senate al may elect a new one when it convenes Hickenloopc fluctuating mans said in fighting The Ger battles in Lorraine and on the Saar were taking a favorable course that 24000 Americans had been captured in their offensive and that UvS cas ualties far exceed Lt Gen George S Fatten Jr was gaining steadily along the whole BelgianLuxembourg bulge front from the outskirts of St Hubert io the northeast and east of Bastogne His offensive front miles captured Germans since striking basis of Chaplins dcrcne Removal of the security black out on news brought the current said Hickenlooper would receive reports up to Wednesday morning pay as governor for the from the SaarRhine front said support the baby he said That is an which court alone will consider and de termine in the light of your ver dict You will give no considera tion whatever to the matter of support He emphasized that in case of doubt they must return a verdict for Chaplin from the If you should find evidence that at near or about the time that plaintiff child accord ing to the usual laws of nature was begotten both the defendant and some man or men other than the defendant had relations with her and you are unable to tell which of them is the father of the child then your verdict must be in favor of the defendant Chaplin 8 Say They Heard They Won Popularity Race Salt Lake City Eight per sons including a 78 year old wom an showed up at a department store asked for the S50 they had won in a popularity contest Seems some alleged joker had phoned anonymously told them to come on down and get their dough SUSAN PETERS LMPROVES San Diego Cal The con dition of Film Actress Susan Pe ters was slightly improved Wed nesday following an operation remove a rifle bullet lodged m her spine during a New Years hunting accident days AMERICANS BATTER GERMAN SALIENTArrows in dicate American attacks on the German salient in Belgium mifp VS 3rd army has miles into the bulge between St Hubert and Bastogne L b 1st army patrols have failed to contact the enemy in the vicinity of Rochefort indicating the Germans may be withdrawing their forces there Shaded line is battle front ;