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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 3, 1944, Mason City, Iowa Aj AM I Am Ammunition For Throw Me Away DEPARTMENT OF AND AftCHI OES KOINES U I HOME EDITION MAKES ALL IOWANS NEIGH IORS AincUted Press aad United Pros Full Leucd One Mans Opinion A Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE WOI P BI It Cant Be Cheap War idea has been rowing on me for several months that if there wasnt an election in the of fing this year our representatives down at Washington wouldnt be it so extremely difficult to arrive at a practical federal tax program Those upon whom re sponsibility falls in congress and m the administration appear to be asking this question What will for iiry chances of reeec tionThe one and only question ought to be What will be best for my countryV The administration seems bent on working out a program which Will rjurt nobody but those of great income Its effect would be virtual confiscation of income for Vlimited few Presumably that course would not alienate many votesfor the reason that the num ber of Americans with bloated in comes isntvery great Under the Morgenthau proposal the married person with 2 dependents and an I income of a million dollars a year would actually have to boirow to pay his federal income tax His tax this one year actually exceed his income confisca on the other bent on pro Jim which will Seasonable gth respect to the large incomes iga not too hard on those of mailer middle class if you please The one greatest criticism of the plan fa vored by congress is that it would raise only a small fraction of the sum needed to pay the costs of government aiid finance the war in a reasonable way Whereas Morgenthau would soak the rich congress would avoid anybody rich or poor soakint s0t to be driven into the of all persons including well as congress and uancinjf pur government our war effort and our war debt taxes for the next several years are going I lo haye to claim somewhere be tween a fourth and a third of our national income Bringing this down to terms of you and me this means that you and I are going to have to be pre pared to give up in taxation 1 out of every 3 or 4 dollars that we re ceive Thats going to be painful denying it But not half as painful as the tion and chaos and the administra tion spokesmen in their ap iproach to the tax problem have oeen proceeding on the assump tion that the minerun American tant take it They believe theyll fe making themselves unpopular At in tax legislation they recognize fundamental which I am quite sure must now hove acceptance in the minds of all thinking people t namely that there just isnt such a ung asan adequate tax that can be shifted entirely to the other 33 fellow If congress or the admin stratum persists in hunting for kVfsj that kind of tax program were Wl f 01S to end up with a pathetically deficient plan of action It will be just too bad for our country J ln this commentary todav Id like to take a realistic look at this whole tax picture as distinguished from the typical Washington point ylj of view Down there they are still i trying to kid themselves and us Im not interested in that I think about reelec to anything But even if I vVj in politics Im not sure I 3 pla my constituents for a V rrnvd of dimwits And thats just what is being done when your Xsislator leads you to believe that Jou arent going to have to bear fair share of the nations great and growing tax load begin by asking a question or two What is the purpose of a federal tax program The pmpose is twofold First it must raise a prodigious amount ot money to meet the needs of cur rent government operations the war effort and our national debt Second a wellconceived ax pro gram can be of inestimable effect in balking the ominous threat to our national economy through in flation Where shall we go to get this money The answer Wherever money is to be found Be more specific you say Where is the money And the answer to this is U that fourfifths of the nations in come now goes to persons receiv i ing less than a year In l other words rank and file Ameri i cans It is this great segment of the wealth which doesnt 1 get struck more than a glancing blow by the tax proposals thus far 1 seriously offered by either congress spokesmen for the administra tion Theres a fear in both quar that to dip into this over whelming reservoir of potential Turn to Page 2 Berlin Given Bath of Fire and Bombs for 2nd Night Straight By GLADWIN HILL London the BAFs first target for 1944 was aiven its 2nd seething bath of fire and bombs of the new yearMonday by British airmen who their 10th great blow against the charred capital VJllllIlD CRTTA The newest attack came while IN NEW GUINEA BY AMERICANS MASON crry IOWA MONDAY JANUAKY that and fires still were burning from a 1000ton or bigger assault was made early Sunday while German rescue workers still were digging dead and in jured from the ruins The air ministry describing Mondays attack as heavy said 28 aircraft were lost in the Berlin raid mosquito stabs in western Germany and northern France and minelayine operations in en emy waters Two large concentrations of fire were left roaring in the city the communique said and Swed ish dispatches declared the tor tured German capital had had its worst night since the destroy Berlin campaign began Nov 18 At the same time the Vichy radio said the suburbs of Nice in southern France had been at tacked by British or American planes The broadcast gave no date for the attack however About 21 hours elapsed be tween the 2 attacks on Berlin but Swedish correspondents said the menace of delayed action bombs had kept residents of the city in shelters until 3 p in Sunday and that less than 8 hours later the sirens were shrieking again The niain blov fell several hours later however Swedish reports said Hitlers luxurious new chancellery on the Wilhelmplat was one of the places hit in the aerial barrage which struck first at the outlying in dustrial areas and then worked to the official and residential areas in the heart of the capital It was regarded as extremely doubtful that Hitler was near to witness the damage however and the dispatches did not say how badly the building was wrecked The Tempelhof airdrome area was reported to have been hit heavily again Berlin has now received up long tons 15 of bombs 10ram knockout campaign and between 20000 and 25000 of explosives and incendiaries since January 1943 As an ex ample of the destructive power of tlie explosives dumped on the Centcl about 11 nnn 000 1 tons of bombs were used in vutually wiping Hamburg fram ill 3 p Yanks Land on Beaches and QJncklv Overcome Slight Jap Resistance By MOKKIt Associated Press War Editor American landings at Saidor on the junglelined north coast of New Guinea pointed a serious threat Monday at Japanese secur ity along the sea lanes leading to enemy island fortresses that stand between the advancing allies and the Philippines Midwestern units of the 32nd infantry division landed without opposition at 3 Saidor beaches at dawn Sunday and quickly over came slight resistance which de veloped after the veterans of earl ier New Guinea campaigns had dug in around the captured air field The harbor and airfields are in our firm grasp said the com munique tellingof General Mac third blow at the Japa nese in 18 days A fight with the Japanese was in prospect however for the latest landings placed the American sixth army troops only 55 miles southeast ot Madang big enemy air and supply base on Astrolabe bay The landings carried out with the support of heavy naval and air bombardments threatened to isolate a considerable number of Japanese who have been falling back for weeks under prodding by One Aussie unit has moved beyond Blucher miles north of alliedheld ai riine miles Tforri Madarfg An other force driving up the Baibu valley is less than 35 miles from Madang but a rugged mountain range separates it from the Saidor beachhead American marines ou Cape Gloucester New Britain enlarged their 10day old beachheads while said fresh devastations in th 3 districts the terror attack against the population of the reich capital While the big bombers were over Germany RAF aircraft at iome were chasing a handful of planes which raided Ene and Four of the attackers were shot down Bombs fell in a south east England residential district njuiing a few persons Some of the planes got through to tho Condon area causing an alert but accomplishing little else Sunday nights raid was one of he worst since the battle of Ber m began said the Berlin corres pondent of the Stockholm news paper Aftonbladet as reported in dispatches received here In spite of bad weather the IF around 3 a m hurl S uown a terrific load of high explosives and incendiaries which augmented the previous devastation of official arid resi dential sections Swedish reports indicated that Berlins defenses were beine thoroughly disrupted by canny KAF strategy A Swedish expert in air raid who was in Berlin Allies Within 9 Miles of Pescara Port Allied Headquarters Alciers fighting raged north of Ortona where Canadian troops have fought their way to within 9 miles and artillery range of the strategic Adriatic port of Pescara allied headquarters announced Monday Rain snow and high winds lim ited ground operations elsewhere in Italy to patrolling but string forces of medium bombers at tacked rail communications at Foggia Ventiniglia and Anna Riva on the Italian Riviera Sun day while other medium bombers attacked rail yards at Terni 49 miles northeast of Rome causing explosions and fires An air communique said fight ers and fighter bombers caused widespread damage in sweeps against motor transports and roll ing stock on roads in the battle area Two allied aircraft in the operations Thirtyeight snowbound G e man trucks were shot up in the Apennines by spitfires warhawks and kittyhawks attacking convoys between Pescara and Avezzano and near Chieti Sheets of flame burst from the Term iron works and barracks following the attack there Bridges were believed to have been hit in the attacks along the coast east of Nice at Ventimiglia Taggia and Arma Riva Three bomb hits tvere scored on a warehouse and a schooner at San Benedetto on the east coast and the docks at Civitavecchia northwest of Rome and the rail way yards at Anagni 35 miles southeast of Rome were plast ered by invader divebombers and warhawks An official allied statement said the Germans were showing signs of exhaustion after throwing di visions piecemeal into the battle for Italy The Germans are waging a war of attrition but the attrition has been heavier on their side said an official review of the fighting Some German divisions have suffered such heavy casual ties sometimes up to 50 per cent patrols made enemy south contact with of the seized the air tempting to sneak into Borgen was sunk The count on has gone over the gave the allies a foot both sides of the Vi ng the Nov 22 attack when 2300 ions were dropped said enormous fire damage was done because wti the German fire fightiim or in starting to that like blow H He Sald a o planes circled the city tor 90 minutes dropping small bombs and keeping the German Cervices under cover until the heavy bombers roared over with their blockbusters Then the concussion of the big a hu made buildings burn torches One woman was reported kilted m the raid on England One of the attacking German planes was chased back to France before it was shot down The RAFs cross channel pur suer was Wing Commander John Cunningham It was his 19th night victim which put him in a tie with Wing Commander J R D Bra ham as the RAFs star night er pilot RITES TO BE IN IOWA Prescott Ariz funer al of Mrs Smith W Brookhart 74 wife of the former Iowa sena tor will be held Wednesday or Thursday at WashingtonIowa where the Brookharts formerly lived Because of ill health the former senator was not expected to accompany his wifes body to Iowa drome and a Japanese barge at temp bay enemy dead 100 mark The Gloucester and Saidor op eratuons hold on tiaz straits that lead and other Japanese bases in the Car oline islands to the north and to the Philippines to the northwest First of tlic 3 recent thrusts was the Dcclo landing at Arawe on the southwest coast of New Brit ain Evidence that Rabaul could no longer be counted on as a primary Japanese base to stem the allied tide was seen in the destruction wreaked by American planes in recent raids and disclosure of a new bomber base only 250 miles from the smashed bastion of New Britain Solomonsbased planes have downed 129 and probably 14B fighters by count at South Pacific headquarters over Rabaul in the 8 days ending last Thursday Still heavier blows appeared likely j iith disclosure of a new American field for light and med ium bombers near Piva on the westcentral coast of Bougainville A fighter strip at Torokina has been in operation since Dec 12 Enemy positions on Bougain ville itself shared attention with oftenbombed Kabul Liberators and Mitchells raidedthe Kahili bivouac and supply areas on the islands southend Friday Kiela on the east coast came in for an other bombing Claim Allies on Islands Off Dalmatia Stockholm fPj A Budapest dispatches to the StockholmsTid nmgen Monday said rumors circu lating m Belgrade said that the allies were setting the stage for an invasion of Jugoslavia by mak ing landings and establishing bridgeheads on the small islands i the Damatian coast in the Adriatic The dispatch added that a large majority of the partisans and guerrillas operating against the Germans in Jugoslavia and Greece have now been united un der the leadership of Marshal Jo sip Broz The dispatch said many of Titos divisions now were com manded by allied officers pre sumably American and British that they have been unable to stay in the line more than weeks Gen Dwight D Eisenhower now eommahdermchief of allied invasion forces inthe westsent a farewell message to his Medi terraneantroops T theni chine would assist in bringing about Germanys final collapse He closed by wishingthem luck until we meet again in the heart of the enemys continental strong Russians at Edge of Old Polish Borders as Nazi Defenses CrumWe WHERE ALLIES American troops gained terri tory in the mountains south west of Viticuso in a push on Cassino Italy Allied troops re sained a height at San Tom maso Z miles west of Ortona CUT OFF LINES INTO BULGARIA Report Government of Bojilov Has Fallen USDESTROYER SINKS IN LOWER NEW YORK BAY At Least 163 Survive Explosion on Ship of Undetermined Origin New York United States destroyer sank in lower New York bay Monday after an explosion of undetermined origin which shook many sections of the metro politan area and awakened thous ands before dawn There were at least 163 known survivors including 108 injured Fiftyfour of them many with 3rd degree burns were at the army hospital at Fort Hancock N J There was no announcement re loss of life The wartime complement of a destroyer de pendine on the type varies from 159 to 300 men The explosion which occurred at a m as the ship which anchored 3 hours earlier 6 miles northeast of Sandy Hook N J was preparing to move was so terrific the navy said that men were blown oversides The 3rd naval district gave this description of the explosion All communications on the ship were disrupted The mast toppled the bridge buckled and collapsed and one mansaid he saw the bar rel 6f the forward 5inch gun go whirling through the air Many men were blown over sides into the water by the blast There was no disorder and fie fighting companies were organ ized After the blast engineers se cured the number one boiler and left number 4 on to beep light power and steam up The ship was ablaze forward and in the Fire fighters Iujiid gel no closer thaiV tno num berone stackJ Survivors said she seemed to break in two under the number 2 gun turret Coast guard craft went to the scene One nosed into the side of the ship and ran lines aboard the navy said taking survivors aboard their boats The fire was fought until a m when the ship was ordered abandoned She went down soon after the navy said It was the first wartime sinking of a naval vessel so close to New York Although the official announce ment reported only one blast resi dents of the boroughs of Brook lyn Queens and of North New Jersey communities said they heard others Hundreds telephoned police headquarters and newspaper of iices for information Some said the Wast felt like an earthquake which rocked their homes Win dows were broken in many stores along the Coney Island boardwalk and storm windows were blown from their fastenings Brazilian Flyers Leave for Unspecified Front Rio De Janeiro in several transport planes a of fighter pilots and ground troops ot the Brazilian air force de parted Monday for an unspecified war first Brazilians to leave for active operations abroad Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day and Tuesday light snow Monday night lowest tempera ture 20 colder Tuesday after noon than Monday afterneon Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday colder extreme northwest portion late Monday night colder Tuesday Istanbul Turkey Jan Minnesota Cloudy a few snow flurries north and central por tions Monday and Tuesday Considerable colder Tuesday in northwest and north central portions Monday night telephone and telegraph communications with Bulgaria were broken off Sunday and it was rumored that the Bul garian government of Premier Dobri Bojilov had fallen It was rumored also that the proGerman regency was having difficulty forming a new govern ment The regency headed by Former Premier Bogdan Philov Prince Cyril and Queen Mother loanna was formed following the myster ious death of King Boris last Aug 28 Boris 6 year old son Simeon Im succeeded to the throne under the regency after his fathers death Buy Mar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bor IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 3s Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Snowfall The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night 11 At 8 a m Sunday is YEAR AGO Afaximum 32 Minimum RUSSIANS POUR THROUGH CENTRAL FRONT trough Rus gap in the central f ra fiont at the Kiev bulge Open arrows indicate Russias western border Territory regained by Russia from the line of farthest German advance is shaded Soviet forces are approximately halfway between Stalingrad and Berlin F R Thought on Same Line asSource Lashing Strikes ersies had strengthened asserted that the ral andee German morale and will to sist Early cited remarks Mr Roose velt made to chiefs qf the railroad brotherhoods Dec 23 telling them that if they could not take action by agreement he would have to that he was the American forces all over the world who are trying to win this war Asked by a reporter whether it was a fair deduction that the president had been advancing to some degree the view cubsc act himself and thinking about statement was resented bitterly and that he and his associates would take very definite steps to find out the source Early referred to a transcript of what the president had told rail brotherhood chieltains Dec 23 a week before they liad scheduled a strike growing out a wage controversy Wehave now come to an ac tion date Early uoted the chief executive as saying We have been talking here since Sunday statement made by highest authorities government authority Early replied 1 dont know whether there is any relation or connection One probably is a little bit more mili tary than the other you see That Truman Group Not to Make Inquiry Into Statement Washington Truman committee decided Monday not to investigation of a one of the in official Washington that threats of steel and railroad strikes may have de ayed victory over Germany Chairman Truman DMo aid the committees attention had een called to news reports that railroad union leaders who have vigorously attacked the statement vere planning to ask an inquiry hy the senate war investigating committee of the source of the charges The members of the committee vere unanimously of the opinion hat this matter is outside our jurisdiction Truman said It may be a matter for legista ive committees to handle but we decided not to make any investi gation Asked if he had any personal comment to make on the state ment Truman replied AH I can say is that 1 wish the spokesman had not made it is his responsibility entirely and pompletely and so is it the pres idents as commanclerinchief I dont think they are con nected or related except as they seem to have been thinking along the same lines The anonymous statement New Years eve that the strike situa lions and the taking over of the railroads by the government may have delayed victory over Ger many was denounced by railroad union leaders who said they would ask the Truman senate committee to investigate the source One union chief declared the son cases behind the xite tilled to myself The presidential secretary ELU he had noticed that some people had appeared to be surprised when Mr Roosevelt subsequently ordered government seizure of the railways and that lie had always wondered where the surprise ele ment came in since the chief ex ecutive had been so plain md blunt to the union executives CLAIM MARSHALL WAS SOURCE LISTED IN STORY St Petersburg Fla St Petersburg Times said on Sat urday that the informed sources referred to in the Washington Dispatch was Gen George C Marshall army chief of staff ASSERTS NAZIS DIDNT USE PROPAGANDA AVIDELY New York newspaper PM said Monday in a Washington dispatch which identified Gen George C Marshall ns the in formed source that his premise that the Germans were making extensive use of the threatened labor strike as propaganda was incorrect Monitors according to PM re ported there were only 5 refer ences in enemy propaganda dur ing December bor troubles to the railroad la MONTGOMERY IS IN ENGLAND Arrives for Coming Invasion of Europe London Sir Bernard L Montgomery arrived in Eng land Monday to take over com mand of British field armies for the coming invasion of Europe SLAUGHTER REACHES PEAK Chicago American meat institute said Monday that the slaughter of hogs last month reached an alltime high mated at 7600000 head esti 17 21 23 19 06 1 inch 46 Gunner Fired From Severed Tail of Liberator Bomber Washington war de partment Monday revealed the story of courageous Staff Sgt Ben P Colccchi of New Castle Pa a tail gunner who continued firing at strafing enemy zeros from the severed tail of his bomber until it disappeared in the ocean of the Sept II Para mushiruShimushu bombing mis sion brought back the word The 4 engine bomber was at tacked simultaneously by 2 zeros and crashed Flyers of the B24 liberator formation said the tail section of the sinking plane broke away from the rest of the wreck age and remained afloat momen tarily Sergeant Colecehi sitting m that tail continued a steady stream of fire at Japanese straf ing planes until the compartment went out of sight He is listed as missing in ac tion The air medal has been awarded him by order of Major General Davenport Johnson com manding general of the llth air force BIG STORES Of MATERIEL ARE LOST BY NAZIS Prison Cases Filled With Long Lines of German Prisoners London Hussias trium phant first Ukraine army sped orr Monday virtually in sight of old Poland following the capture of Poyaski last main fortified strong point on the KievWarsaw railway 10 miles from the border The latest communique an nouncing the capture of Poyaski of Korosten placed the red army only 10 miles from the old frontier and disclosed that Gen Nikolai Vatutins 1st Ukrain ian army had made a spurt M 17 miles in 3 day in same pace whichif continued In the Poyaski sector would put it in side old Poland Monday At the same time other units of the victorious 1st surged south westward toward Zhmerinka key rail junction on the OdessaWar saw rail line serving the lower Ukraine less than 50 miles from the Rumanian frontier The whole German line froni Korosten south to Berdichev ap pearej to be crumbling before the unflagging red army onslaught and the exhausted remnants of Gen Fritz von Mannsteins once imposing army of 22 divisions were being slashed to ribbons The Russian communique told of tremendous stores of nazi war material being oftanks parks field guns ar mored carriers trucks stock and huge ammunitionduinps reported that more than 4000 Germans werekilled Sun day on this front alone Prison i lines xi Je tilled lo with Ions lines of German oners underfed and grey privations and many safferinj from frostbite a Moscow bread cast said in emphasizing the des perate plight of the retreating nazis Tiie Moscow radioin a broad cast recorded in New York by the federal communications com mission quoted Stockholm soirces as asserting that Gen Kurt ler chief of the German army general staff and Gen Alfred Jodl Adolf Hitlers personal mil itary adviser had arrived at von Mannsteins headquarters on the Russian front Jodl the broadcast said had been given very great powers by Hitler including authority to remove army commanders from their posts The rampaging soviet forces also were reported advancing far to the north in White Russia There the first Baltic army said to be less than 45 miles from Latvia after storming 40 villages and killing 3000 nazis north and northwest of Nevel in a drive helping to encircle the German held bastion of Vitebsk In the drive on Poland west of Korosten Gen Nikolai Vatutins northern winjr Sunday swept up more than 150 towns and villages for a gain of 17 miles the Moscow communique reported Vatutins southern whig strik ing simultaneously captured An drcevichi 15 miles northeast of NovoeradVolynski important rail junction and was threatening that vital German stronghold with im minent encirclement Other fast striking spearheads swept through areas northwest of Berdichev former headquarters of von Mannstein and fall of that strategic center 25 miles below captured Zhitomir was expected hourly front dispatches indicated Below Berdichev now out flanked soviet columns were rac ng down the KievZhmerinka railway with only the towns of Kalinovka and Vinnitsa standing before the OdessaWarsaw rail way which feeds the German armies in the Dnieper river bend to the southeast Zhmerinka tho junction point of the 2 rail lines was but 35 miles distant dis patches said Severance of the OdessaWar saw line would leave the enemy with a few inferior escape roads from Odessa inlo Rumania and could conceivably produce anoth er major German debacle The Russian communique re ported that German rearguards were launching ceaseless coun terattacks in the area between Zhitomir and Berdichev in vain attempts to stem the soviet ad vance At no place were they suc cessful the bulletin said German broadcasts said that Vatutin tank veteran who smashed German lines in the Don river basin in the winter of 194 43 was using more than roops in his 2pronged drive on Poland and Humania ;