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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 1, 1947, Mason City, Iowa H I T 0 1 Y NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 0 A f C H I V E 3 S I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS f VOL Lra Associated Prof uid United Press Full leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 1 This Paper Consists ol Two Ono No 71 Farewell to Fanfare for 47 Report Shakeup Is Due for Armys Court Martial System Enlisted Men May Get Place onTrial Panels to Improve Setup Washington war de partment will recommend a far reaching shakeup in the arm court martial system to the new congress a reliable army sourc said Wednesday Among other things the arm will recommend placing enlisted men on court martial and remov ins jgourts martial from control o commanding officers this sourei said It also will advocate amend ing articles of war which decree the death penalty for rape The proposed changes are based on the recommendations of ai American Bar Association com mittee A high ranking army officer said the value of the court mar tial system was low at the enc of the war He thought the inclu sionof enlisted men in trial pan els would improve it Other changes which the war department reportedly will rec ommend include more powers prestige and personnel for the judge advocate generals extension of the articles of war to cover all officers except generals trial of officers by special as well as general courts granting au thority for general courts to sen tence officers to reduction to the ranks in time of war and devel opment of a new unfitness dis charge for use by courts reserv ing the dishonorable discharge for exceptionally grave cases The army source said the pro posed changes would be submitted to congress by Undersecretary of War Kenneth C Royall The house military affairs com mittee submitted a report during the past congress supporting most of the changes recommended by the bar association grooup Drake Employes Get Living Cost Pay Hike DCS Moines Temporary pay increases rang mg from 7i per cent for single persons to 15 per cent for mar persons with children have peen granted alt fulltime em ployes of Drake university President Henry G Harmon aid the increase was added to j he December paycheck and would Continue until June 1 1947 5 Civilians Take Over Atomic Energy Control Washington civilians directly responsible to President Truman Wednesday took over from the army all domestic con trol of atomic energy including the atomic bomb Chairman David Lilienthal said the 5man commission would ex ert every effort to develop one of historys greatest scientific discoveries for the benefit of all mankind The transfer he said means that the people of the United States are turning over to 5 ci vilians the most potent weapon all time Never before has there been such a national intent to use a scientific discovery for human welfare The transfer from military to civilian control became effective at midnight as the new year began President Truman signed the necessary executive order in a ceremony at his office late Tues day Des Moines Rabbi Dies Des Moines N H Zeichik 79 who served as rabbi of the Bethel Jacob synagogue in Des Moines for 42 years died at a lospital here Tuesday night after a short illness He was born in jta Russia and came to Ameri a in 1905 Weather Report FORECAST owa Partly cloudy and not so cold Wednesday night Thurs day cloudy with snow south and east portions Colder north west portion Low Wednesday night 5 northwest and 10 to 15 south and east shippers Forecast 5 in the north west 0 in the northeast and southwest and 5 above in the southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis cs for 24 hour period ending at oclock Wednesday morning Maximum o Minimum 11 At 8 a m Wednesday 0 Snow trace EAR AGO Maximum 14 Minimum 18 NEW YEARS EVE DEATH TOLL LOW Only 12 Are Killed in U S Traffic Accidents By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Motorists apparently drove with caution over icy highways anc streets on New Years eve a SUD vey across the county Wednesdaj showing only 12 persons killd in traffic accidents during the nigh and early morning hours The National Safety council es timated that 130 persons woult be killed in traffic accidents on New Years eve and on New Tears Day The council said that the final toll including persons in jured during the period but who die later would be far in excess of that number In addition to the 12 traffic fa talities there were 2 violent deaths attributed to the holiday celebra tion since 6 p m local time Tuesday Both were in New York one resulting from a fire and the 2nd in a fall Over the Christmas holiday week agox there were 297 violent deaths including 244 persons killed in motor mishaps In the 4day New Years holiday last year the total deaths by violenl causes totaled 437 including 213 traffic Americans Molested in China AntiU S Parade Woman Drags Alligator Into House Shoots It Savannah Ga hos pital report told the story briefly Wednesday how the woman dragged the alligator into her iome and fired a shot into its lead before the reptile released its grip Mrs V Mackey of Richmond Hill who with her husband op erates an animal farm was chas ng a monkey on her property She moved too close to an alligator The next moment Mrs Mackey bund the jaws of the 8foot rep ile clasped tight around her arm 5he knew it was useless to pry he alligators jaws open with her free hand so with great effort she pulled the reptile into the house ibtained a pistol and shot it ExLegislator Dies Rolfc L Gunder on 87 who served in the 1919 nd 1921 sessions of the Iowa leg slature as a representative died ncxpectedly Tuesday after stari ng his car He was vice president t the Rolfe State bank CONGRESS EYES TRUMANS WAR POWER MING Leaders Applaud Action But Want Full Scale Review of Controls Washington Republican kept their law books handj Wednesday while awaiting won from President Truman on whicl castoff war powers he want back and which additional ones h is willing to junk While generally applauding th chief executives surprise action ir declaring World war II hostilities at ah end Tuesday GOP law makers made clear they want quick and fullscale review of th nearly 500 emergency control still in effect Hepv Micnener of Michigan is slated to head the house ju diciary committee when the re publicans take control of congress Friday told newsmen Imfor repealing all the laws that are shown to be not essential to the functioning of the govern ment Other party Jeaders echoed Micheners views but said they preferred to wait until they have given the complex subject more study before citing specific exam ples of which wartime restrictions should be added to the 18 Mr Truman threw overboard Tues day with 33 others set to die June 30 Most congress members said they hoped the president would go into greater detail in his state of the union message scheduled for Monday The end of hostilities proclama tion caught not only capitol hill but most government agencies as well completely off guard In retrospect however it appeared that at least 2 factors dictated the timing 1 By actingwhen he did Mr Truman made the sharp excise tax cuts called for correspond with the governmentsfiscal year Thus the new lower as instead of a gallon on liquor and 10 instead of 20 on furs will go into effect July 1 Any other date would serve to compli cate the treasurys bookkeeping system 2 If he had waited a single day longer the governments vast agricultural price support pro gram would have been carried through 3 more full years This program which could cost as much as a year now will expire Dec 31 1948 While Tuesdays proclamation put an immediate end to the gov xnments power toseize strike threatened industrial facilities and marked the whole SmithConnally war labor disputes act for death on June 30 the general view on capitol hill appeared to be that new strike control legislation will be enacted before then One example of the surprise oi 1 C element in Mr Trumans proOtnke 111 O nouncement provided by the administration One agency spokesman first aid the action meant that so far 5 Are Killed in Carolina Plane Crash Charleston S Car men and 2 women were killed when their DC3 plane bound from Newark N J to Miami Fla crashed near here Tuesday night Charleston police said all 5 per sons on the plane a freighter were burned almost beyond rec ognition The plane was owned by In ternational airlines which oper ates a freight service between Newark and Miami The president of the airline Walter Stonnell of Miami told policethe following were on board Gapt Amos Austin the pilot of San Fernando Cal Elmer Kortman copilot Capt James McNeal Miss Alga Bodmer a stewardess for the line Skin of Sister May Save Girl Phoenix Ariz brighteyed little girls chances to live depended Wednesday on the success of an operation in which skin from her dead twin sister was grafted to her body The girl Nancy Irene Robles 2 years old was severely burned Dec 11 in a fire which brought death to her twin sister Nancy Marie Both girls clothes caught fire as they played with a slick of wood protruding from a stove Nancy Marie lived for 10 days and just before her death surgeons decided to attempt the skingrafting in an effort to save her sister Strips of unburned skin were removed surgically placed in plasma and refrigerated while Nancy Irene gained strength for the delicate operation performed last Saturday The child was reported in fair condition Wednesday but doctors who participated in the rare surgery will be unable to determine its success until the bandages are removed for the first time Medical men said that the skin from the other child may be dead and the operation then must be called a failure or it may be alive but not permanently attached to Nancy Irene GOP Steering Group Meets to Map Plans for Bilbo Ouster Justice Department Presses Probe Into Addresses for the 4 were no immediately available Elwood F Fennel acting des sergeant in Charleston gave thi description of the crash from po ice reports The plane established radio con act with the airport contro ower at p m It wa drizzling at the time and visibil ty was poor Four minutes later the planf crashed and burst into flame abou miles northwest of the airport n the suburban Midland park lection of Charleston Fennell said he understood the plane was on an unschedulec light back to Miami It carriee no regular passengers GENERAL IKE DENIES REPORT Says He Did Not State Desire for Presidency Fort Myers Fla Fort Vlyers NewsPress Wednesday uoted Chief of Staff Gen Dwight D Eisenhower in a denial of a tatement attributed to him that he would run for president if the Deople want him to I never said anything of the iind Eisenhower was quoted aying on his return from a fisb ns trip He was shown a dispatch ttributing the declaration to him The general was also quoted as elling a NewsPress reporter that o man without party affiliation ould consider running for residency The denial was of a copyright ory carried Tuesday in the Vashington TimesHerald It said ie general had given his stand friends in Florida where he is ow resting axi Drivers Out on s he is concerned the war is ver Hence he added definite ime limits would begin to run on uch things as education loan and obless pay benefits for exGIs Later however this was de cribed as a snap judgment nd officials said no formal inter relation would be issued until urther study is made Gets 40 Years in Pen Waterloo Drake 25 Cansas City Mo Negro and II nois Central railroad worker iras sentenced to 40 years in the ale penitentiary Tuesday after leading guilty to charges filed i the Christmas day slaying of Neal Chambers 36 Fulton Ky esrro railrnad worker San Francisco Cab drivers struck at one minute after midnight Wednesday taking 500 taxis from service at the peak of the New Years celebration Even before the strike went into effect early celebrants felt the pinch The Yellow Cab company stopped sending its cabs back for the night shift at 3 p m 9 hours before strike time Approximately 1500 drivers are involved Another company which has 80 taxis announced it would operate around the clock to alleviate hard ship providing hospital emergency service for expectant mothers and persons suddenly taken ill Now guaranteed daily or 45 of receipts whichever is larger the drivers are seeking a S10 guarantee or 50 of receipts The company offered or Lawmakers Affairs senate republicans committed t try to oust Democratic Senato Theodore G Bilbo of Mississippi turned Wednesday to the problem of how to do it Chairman Taft of Ohio called a New Years day meeting of the GOP senate steering committee t map strategy as 1 The justice departmcn pressed an independent investiga tion of Bilbos affairs 2 The embattled senator prom ising to fight on declared anew that he is innocent any wrong doing 3 The senate war investigating committee scheduled for release Wednesday its report on an in quiry into Bilbos dealings with war contractors One member sale the report charges that Bilbo used his high office for per sonal gain 4 The S democratic members o the special senate campaign inves tigating committee rushed work on a majority report which wil contend no proof has been furn to support charges that Bilbo intimidated Negroes from voting in last summers senatorial elec tion in Mississippi The 2 republican members of this committee are preparing a dissenting report Taft announced late Tuesday that the new republican steering committee had voted unanimously to try to bar Bilbo from the senate He will be attacked Tafl said When where and how wil je decided later The committees decision is sub iect to approval by the conference of all GOP senators scheduled for Thursday Taft left up in the air the ques tion of whether there will be an attempt to halt Bilbo at the door when the new congress convenes Friday or whether ouster pro ceedings will be started after the Mississippian has taken his seat The Ohio senator did indicate hat the republicans hope to strip ho ouster move of any party label lyjenlisting the support of demo cratic senators including the new minority leader Alben Barkley of Kentucky However Chairman Ellender DLa of the campaign investi gating committee quashed any for bipartisan unity on he issue by declaring that the in uiry on the Negro vote charges lad failed to develop sufficient acts to form an ouster proceed ng Asked specifically by newsmen vhether he favors seating Bilbo blender responded Unquestion bly In the wake of the steering com nittee action Bilbo told a reporter e had been fighting all my life nd I shall fight on I have done no wrong and I ave nothing to fear he added In letters to each member of the enate Bilbo said the ecord in his case if you will take the time o read it will show that I have n no instance violated the laws of ny country nor have I been guilty f any impropriety as a United tales senator ARMY OFFICER HIT OVER HEAD IN NEAR RIOT AP Photographer Is Beaten and Stopped From Taking Pictures Shanghai IP Several Ameri cans including an army lieutenant and an Associated Press photog rapher were molested in a par ticularly vehement antiAmerican demonstration by 1000 Chinese university students Wednesday A lieutenant walking with a girl on avenue Joffre in the for mer French concession was as sailed by paraders who struck him over the head with light bam boo canes They also tried io pull off the girls clothing and shouted TAFT BILBO Portal Pay Suits Total By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Scores of new portal to porla wage suits seeking retroactive wage claims totaling more than 5400000000 were filed in fed eral courts in 19 cities Tuesday increasing the grand total of de nands sought in actions on file to nearly 2 billion dollars In Chicago alone 32 additional suits involving approximately were filed Reports ivere received of other actions iled in various parts of the coun try boosting the days claims by unions to 5132671992 and the un official grand total of 51807127 992 Although many of the suits on file asked no specific amount eaving it to the courts to deter mine industrial and congression al leaders have predicted the final total may be more than 5 billion dollars Suits werefiled Tuesday in 2w York Detroit Philadelphia Boston St Louis Cleveland Los Angeles Cincinnati Tulsa okla Buffalo N Y Dayton Ohio Jtica N Y Huntington W Va Newark N J Peoria III Spring ield 111 Dubuque Iowa and ittsburgh IRE WIPES OUT BUSINESS BLOCK Mercury at 17 Below During Wisconsin Fire Eau Claire Wis fire hich raged in 17degree below ero weather for more than 6 ours wiped out a business block n the heart of the city here Wed esday The blaze which started at 0 p m Tuesday night destroyed is 2 story brick continental uilding and the candy shophat lop loan company offices social ecurity offices hosiery store and arber shop which it housed The en fire Eau Claire fire de artments equipment and all of ts manpower was called into ae on in an effort to halt the spread f flames The lieutenant clasping the girls hand forced a path by using his body as a shield The demon strators suddenly left them Tha officer head held high smiled quizically An Associated Press photogra pher forcibly was prevented from taking pictures by demonstrators who blacked one of his eyes and beat him on the back and shoul ders with fists He swung his cam era to clear a path and made his way to safety Louis F Roth an American na tional and a longtime resident who considers China his home said some students grabbed and shook him He is manager of an export firm were more disgusted thanangry They pointed out it wasnt so long ago that Chinese greeted every GI with a thumbs up salute and shouts of ting hao good Some posters in the bund were particularly offensive They bore the 2 words bitch bitch They were taken as an oblique but pointed insult to womenfolk of military personnel who pass that thoroughfare to and from Broad way Mansions one of the main hotels for service men and their families American soldiers and sailors visibly exercised great restraint as paraders shook fists and shouted Get out you beasts Whipped to a frenzy by cheer leaders the demonstrators de m a n d c d immediate withdrawal of American forces and a change n United States policy in China Get out or well throw you ut and China is not an Ameri can colony read 2 of their ban ners They placarded buildings buses trucks and even private automobiles They grew especially vociferous as they passed Broadway man sions where 200 U S servicemen and their dependents live and at S S naval shore headquarters on he bund They placarded build ngs here One of their themes was Amer can GIs are worse than Japanese Crude cartoons placarded on buildings depicted an Ameri can sailor knifing a Chinese man and a U S marine trampling a hinese woman underfoot A leaflet distributed in the name f national Fuhtanuniversity Shanghai called Americans hyp icrites who preach Christian prin in China but who lynch heir Negro citizens at home on he slightest complaint The demonstration was a flare up of similar student parades at Deiping Tientsin and Hongkew ver the weekend They origi lated in Chinese accusations that U S marines raped a Chinese irl but later generally were at ributed to antiAmerican senti ment inspired in part by Chinese ommunist propaganda against U ment help to the Nanking govern Marine officials investigating he rape charge unofficially exon rated cne leatherneck said the ther insisted his relations with le Chinese girl were on a profes lonal basis ;