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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF ANO WQINCS I A THE NEWSPAKR THAT Ohe Mans W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Maioa cily Sudjir lit WTAB QalBcr m V EI Ann M CJ City WeJcX7 RSUI CUT p Some People Im Going to Remember DURING my 2 months in the European war theater this past fall virtually all doors were open to meVI was free to go wanted see whom and whatIwanted and perhaps most important to report what I saw arid heard with no other re straints thsh those imposedfor security reasons by war censor ship If I could ever have convinced that taking even a few their precious time iWM Im quite sure lihat I could have had an audience Winston Churchill an4 other members ot his cabinet never took myself that seriously And so I have to confess to you that the one and only topflight in the British coalition gov ferhnient with whom I have an acquaintance is Brendan Bracken minister of information in the ChnrehiU cabinet Be was my host Except for this I probably i would never have met him XOnce I had a fleeting glance fat as he stepped out of his apartment residence to i the car which was waiting for him Another time I made way i for the fabulous little Lord i Beaverbrook and his retinue as they moved down a corridor al i the American embassy in Grps j square longest audience with Bren jlVl dan Bracken took place in thUs off ice suiteat the information i ministrys headquarters in what used to be the administration building of London That 20story structure inciden tally ia said to be the tallest an London I On this particular day a well known Washington columnist had taken apoj shotat Bracken and aiat hia1 Wh from the Bntish peojle and the world the full extent of the dam age which was being wrought on j London by lobot bombs I had I read it on a news agency tele type just before my audience with Mr Bracken What do you think of it I I asked the ruddyfaced tousel haired minister I think of it he re plied is contained in this state ment Ive just prepared He polled a folded sheet al piper from his pocket and opened it for me The opening phrase was If I were an Irresponsible i scurrilous journalist and the re mainder of it was in the same i rugged tone In its style it was j reminiscent of the personal jour fnalism which reached its finest flower here in America back in the days of Horace Greeley and i Charles Dana Well what dp you think of it he asked me after I finished read ing it To be perfectly honest with jyou I I had heard that he wanted people to be J frank with him I think it would be stronger if you toned it down la bit I believe your statement fwould be more effective if you confined yourself to the case at issue and omitted the personali ties W HAT happened to that state ment I never never so far as I know was used inthe London it iwas released for American pa pers I havent been able to llearn The incident however is rather characteristic of Mr Theres nothing subtle about him He knows only the direct method Throughout his journalistic career first in Aus jtralia and then in London as edi Jtor of an important financial he developed the rep utation of saying exactly what he means in language that cant be mistaken This quality in Mm Ive under stood Is what recommended him to Winston Churchill Theirs is a longtime friendship In personal appearance they are about as un like as 2 men could be But their habits of thought are marvelons ly alike i I shall not be forgetting Bren dan Bracken person in this same category is bur American am bassador in London John Winant former governor of New Hamp shire I called on him at his in vitation I thought it would be a mere handshake and quick greet ing But the meeting turned out to be one of the most enjoyable and stimulating hours of my life We talked about a number ot war and BIr Winants connection with it Englands present and future problems in the field of housing and public rhealth the once bitter political feud between Mr Winant and Frank Knox which in the later CoatinoeO on Face 2 j MASON cm IOWA MONDAY JANUAKY 1 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS naU oi Twa BttUtmSctllta MO 72 YANKS SLASH NAZI ESCAPE GAP HITLER CLAIMS NAZIS TO FIGHT ONTHROUGH46 GoebbeU Hints Germany Might Listen to Terms But Not Surrender By FHAVK BBgESC London UPJ Adolf Hitler broke a silence of nearly 6 months Monday with a defiant warning that Germany was determined to fight on to victory through 1946 or longer if necessary to prevent her dismemberment and enslave ment by the allies Germany never will capitulate though her cities niaybe laid in ruins and her annies thrown back in new reverses Hitler said in a New Years broadcast his first speech since he took to the radio last July to assure his countrymen that the plot against his life had failed Propaganda Minister Faiil Goeb bels who preceded Hitler to the microphone hinted broadly how ever that Germany might listen to peace terms at which Germany need not be ashamed He too rejected all thought of uncondi tional surrender Hitler also issued ah order of the day to his armed forces calling for a life or death fight against the Jewish world con spiracy and predicted that Ger many in the end would break the enemy by counterattacks Neither in the order of the day or in his 90minute radio speech however did Hitler specifically mention the German counterof fense in Belgium whether out of belief that it already had failed or for some other reason Listeners familiar with Hitlers but speech was a recording rather than a direct transmission Though he sounded tired and avoided the pyrotechnics which characterized rrost of his past speeches the broadcast set at rest lor once and all speculation that he was dead mad or severly ill Highlights the speech in cluded German government and people are unshakable in their will and imperturable in their fanatical resolve to fight the war through successfully at any cost even taking into their strie all reverses inflicted on us by the malevolence of fate allied victory tvohld bring about not only the entire dismemberment of Germany the deportation of 15000000 to 20 000000 Germans abroad the en slavement the remainder of our people and the deprivation of Ger man youth but above all the star vation of many millions in ourna tion must and will win the war was a year of severest trials walk less now because I believe that in these days it is ray duty to spend every hour thinking and pondering in order to increase the power of resistance of our armies to introduce better weapons to set up new units and to build up whatever forces can be mobilized In my people Hitler said the allies had counted on victory in 1944 particularly in August following the St Lb breakthrough and the liberation of Paris Never did they imaginevictory to be so near as during the August days of the past year when as one might say one catastrophe chased another he said With somnambulent certainty August 1944 was chosen as the date of Germanys collapse as the month of unconditional surrender and a short while later a meeting of three leading statesmen Presi dent Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin in Berlin before Christmas was ar ranged When hopes of victory faded In BLOCKING NAZI SUPPLY LINKAn important link i the supply route for reinforcements supporting the nazi offensive a Moselle river bridge north of Trier Germany revives a direct hit from attacking Yank Marauder planes At the top of the photo are 4 of the bombers that took part m the attack m foieground a stick of 4 bombs heads eai th German Supply Lines 50 Killed 60 Hurt When Trains Crash on Causeway in Shallows of Salt Lake jure 50 persons died and 60 others were in m the bunday crash ot a speeding Southern Pacific mailexpress a slowlymoving passenger a fog shrouded causeway in shallow wa ters of great Salt Lake Railroad officials believed all the bodies had been taken from the tangled wreckage oi nearly a REED AGE FROM IOWA IS KILLED Meets Death on Mission With 14th Air Force Headquarters 14th Air Force In China Dec 20 Delayed by Cen sor Col William Nor man Heed 27 Marion Iowa ranking active ace of the 14th air Col Hill for enemy planes downed in this theater now in the United States has and Reed had fractional victories were won in the old American volun teef group which gave bonuses forjplanes destroyed Reeds score will go higher post humously because he had victor ies still to be credited officially when he was killed 1 r jj ply hues and proaching with lightning speed they declare August to be the month And once Julyhas arrived he added they are sure to talk of the winter of 1946 as the fixed of colirse the war actually comes to an end not through the capitulation of Ger many for this never will come to pass but through a German vic He ridiculed allied preparations for the occupation of Germany and the setting up of a world state on the grounds that his ene mies apparently do not realize even now that the national social ist state cannotbe replacedeither by bolshevism or by a democratic plutocratic ideology He said Germany was fighting for the survival of the German individual for our country for our 2000 year ojd culture for our children and our childrens chil dren in other words for all that which makes life at all worth liv ing for us Naziism is here to stay Hitler said and the German people now were coming into their own after 3 centuries of setbacks 11 bombers targets Monday for the 10th the Naming of Babies in Iowa Influenced by War Des Moines Iowa oabies apparently was influenced by thewar in 1944 Records in the state health de Jrtment listed the following name among those given Iowa infants during the year Victory 3 Sergeant Faith Hope Cha 2 Freeman Austria Aloroa Wava Joan and Loyd George enhower Douglas MacArthur and Mark often in the news a more than usual number ofpar Is took their first names for jse of their sons One farr named its child Douglas Mac DIES OF INJURIES Sionx City serv wars e greatest f o tained aerial offensives A brief announcement from the U S strategic air force head quarters said U S 8th air force planes were over Germany Mon day morning The Hamburg radio went oil the air indicating the big port might be under attack for the 2nd time within 24 hours Sunday night Lancasters of the RAF bomber command attacked the railroad yard at Osterfeld in the Ruhr and large fires were left burning Other bombers plastered Berlin The air ministry announced j a U U U UJ LimQ that British Mosquitos raided ges tapo headquarters in Oslo Nor way and that Lahcasters escort ed by Mustangs and Spitfires the RAF fighter command and RAF 2nd tactical air force bomhed railroad yards at Voh winkel south of the Ruhr Other Mosquitos attacked and left afire 2 mediumsized enemy merchantmen in Flekke fjord southeast Egersund in south ern Norway The air ministry said 7 planes of the bomber command and 1 of the coastal command were miss ing from the days operations Shooting at Confessed by Negro Waterloo of Police Ralph Davis said Elmore Elder 24 of had admitted shooting Cleveland Nolan 45 Waterloo Negro with a shotgun early Sunday in the citys Negro district Elder was arrested at his home a few hours after Nolans body shot twice through the side nad been found in the snow Davis said 3 other Negroes were being held for investigationas material witnesses toan argument which allegedlypreceded the fatal shopt inu JOHNSTON TO SPEAK Des Moines Johnston president of the United Stales Chamber of Commerce will speaK in Des Moines Feb 16 al a joint meeting of the 8th annual na tional farm institute and the city wide public forum LT COt WnXIABI REED on Mission MAN DIES IN OTTUMWA FIRE 3rd of Sanatorium Is Destroyed by Flames Oltumwa Allen 80 Negro and approximately one third ofthe rambling main building pi Sunnyslope sanatori um was destroyed in a fire here Sunday night Allen a patient died soon alter being removed from the burning structure Already seriously ill smoke he breathed brought death Fire broke out in the basement of the onestory framecontructed tuberculosis hospital about and despite nearzero tempera ture poor water pressure and a high wind 25 patients were re moved safely and a large part of the property saved All of it was damaged however by fire smoke and water Sunnyslope countyowned and operated by an elected board of trustees handled patients from nearly a third of all Iowa coun ties Recently the patient popula tion has beenless than a third of normal due partly to closing of the childrens wing because of a shortage of nurses This situa tion possibly saved lives Sunday night Americans Greet 45 Turn to War Output spots was S25 a person while the tilvs Americans turned once more to re gpm business of producing materials for weapons of war Mon day after ushering in their third wartime new year in the biggest spending spree since the roaring twenties Sunday laws prohibiting the serving of liquor put a damper on Jie gajety in many states but in he majority of the larger cities iTas and crowds jammed nightclubs bars and theaters with open pocketbopks The top tariff in New Yorks night spots was S25 a person while on the west coast the top was a couple at RIocambos Top price to celebrate in Chicago was 1725 a person at the Drake ho tels Camelia House A heavy fog shrouded New Yorks Times Square focal point of the nations new years celebra tion but it failed to keep away the crowds which gathered to cele brate the arrival of 1945 Police estimated that 1000000 persons were jammed in Chicagos loop at 12 oclock At Washington D C most of the citys bars and cocktail lounges were closed in observance of a law prohibiting the sale of any thing stronger than beer and lieht wine on Sundays At the white house which was open to intimate friends of Presi dent Roosevelt and his family the president led in drinking his tra ditional toast to the United States Eggnog was themediunx Midnight church services and family gatherings were the iotif in Washington but thousands of capitol dwellers were attracted u nearby Maryland and New York night spots New Orleans celebrated its noisiest New Years eve since Pearl Harbor as the ban on har bor boat whistles was lifted Mi ami staged its brightest celebra tion since the war began Lights were blazing in the gay winter re sort which has been blacked out since Pearl Harbor and theaters and were packed led a quiet New members of the l h Soldier From Kensett Is Train Victim Sgt Anton P Druskis Omaha win he as next of bin are no tified Araonr civilians injured was AG FerrisCherokee Iowa Mrs Ferris who accampanied him but she apparently was uninjured Fvt Glenn E Youmans was the son of Mr and Mrs Ed Youmans who live on a farm a mile from Kensett dozen cars and locomotive but workmen still toiled Monday to clear away the debris It was one of the worst railroad accidents in the history of the west A woman passenger called it a terrible screaming collision fol lowed by screaming sobbing shrieks of the injured A sailor said a telescoped coach piuvenzed scats ttJ3VSjirffe r The 18car pas enger train first section of the Pacific limited No 21 was running slowly alone the causeway that leads to the trestle crossing Great Salt Lake when it was struck from behind by the second section made up of 20 mail and express cars The locomotive of the second section bored into the rear Pull man of the passenger unit Force ot the impact sent another sleeping car smashing through the dining car and farther ahead slammed one coach into the wooden coach ahead of it Cars of the express section piled up crossways of the track behind the engine some of them sliding down the causeway embankment into water Most of the dead were taken from the rear Pullman car and from the telescoped coach At least 28 were service men Railroad officials refused to haz ard a guess as to the cause the accident but ordered an immedi ate investigation Federal bureau of investigation agents disclosed a preliminary in quiry showed no evidence of sabo tage Mrs A G Ferris of Cherokee Iowa enroute with her husband to visit a daughter Mrs Earl Smith at Berkeley Cal said the crash came as quick as you could clap your hands After the first shock children started to cry and people got all excited she said Yeoman First Class Frederick W Box of Elmira N Y riding in the coach directly ahead of the diner said misery and suffering in one car was heartrending The car was virtually pulver ized seats and bodies crashed to Bodies of the dead hunir from the broken double window Clarence Hebercr of Alameda Ca head steward in the dining car said he and two fellow work ers left the diner only minutes before the impact to go to another car Providence must have been with me he said Hebercr and Student Steward Otis M Tindall also of Alameda praised work of army and navy men attached to two hospital ward cars which were in the passenger train and were undamaged The military aid men did a bangup job Heberer said Previous railroad accidents in the United States in which more than 25 persons were killed in clude one at Greer Mountain Iowa March 21 1910 in which 55 persons lost their lives DIES AFTER FIRE Ottumwa McKcnny 3 daughter of Mr and Mrs Wil liam McKenny died Sunday night from burns received in a fire at the McKenny home while Boris and a younger brother were alone Mrs McKenny arrived home to find the girls clothes ablaze Cause of the fire which did little dam age to the house was not known firemen said 18 Below Is Predicted for Mason City Des afoines was a chilly reception the New Year got in Iowa Monday as sharp biting winds swept the state and temper atures fell to 5 below at Mason City Sioux City Spencer and At lantic The weatherman prom ise any relief from the cold Mon day night and Tuesday but di minishing winds were forecast Temperatures as low as 20 below in the open country ot the north ern sections of the state were pre dicted Monday night The mercury was expected to drop to 10 below in the southern and central areas of the state Diibuque had the high temper ature Sunday with 34 Des Moines had a top ot 26 with a low of 2 below Monday morning Traces precipitation were reported A low of 18 below was predicted for Mason City Monday night and Ames Waterloo Cedar Hapids and Fort Dodge were expected to shiver in 15 below temperatures A predicted drop of 10 below was forecast for Iowa City HOLIDAY TOLL REACHES 170 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Swelled by a train wreck in Utah which took about 50 lives the New Years death toll Mon day was at least 170 tor the 3day weekend The train wreck occurred Sun day morning when a 2nd section ot a westbound Southern Pacific train rammed the rear of the first section of the limited near Ogden Utah Traffic accidents led the cause ofholiday deaths accounting for Thirtyseven persons in cluding in of firesMiscellaneous causes re sulted in An Associated showed that 242 were killed diiri ing the New Years holiday last year ISO from traffic causes HEAVY ATTACK IS MADE AT 13 MILE CORRIDOR 3rd Army Shatters Strong CounterAttack by German Troops Paris Third army troops have shattered a strong German counterattack seeking again to pinch off Bastogne while other forces of Lt Gen George S Pat ton were reported Monday be striking heavily northeast to nar row the 13 mile waist of the gian bulge The counterattack cost Marshal von Rundstedt 18 tanks The Germans hit with tanks ar tillery and infantry at Chenogne southwest of Bastogne and north of Letrebols to the southeast At these points the enemy col umns were 5M miles apart Supreme headquarters said the noithern flank of the Ardennes salient was quiet Northeast of the corridor to Bastogne Patterns men were attacking to the northeast Immediately south of Wiltz the 3rd army made some progress northward Farther east the 3rd captured Heisdorf south of the Sure river and 4Vz miles east of Diekirch The battle remained fluid and indecisive Both armies had the same aim To pinch off large segments of opposing troops The Germans once again appeared to be striving for the road center ofBastogne where the 101st airbore division said nuts to von Rundstidts de mand lor surrender Kalhed aim was to pinch ofi the whole western end of thei German sal ient v rered action nine Thup f itanct snid naji of Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly clear and continued cold with diminish ing winds Fair and cold Tues day Expected temperatures of 18 at Mason City Iowa Mostly fair and continued cold Monday night and Tuesday with open country temperatures as low as 20 below in the north ern sections and 10 below in the southern parts Monday night Diminishing winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Sunday 15 above Minimum Sunday night 5 below At 8 a m Monday 5 below Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum 10 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 33 Minimum Saturday night 13 At 2 a m Sunday 13 Precip 03 inch Snow inch YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 7 area in the Saarland headquarters confirm ed the recapture of Rochefort 25 miles nortliwest of Bastogne A front dispatch reportedonly patrol action along the north side of the oulge The determined enemy efforts1 o cut into Hie Bastogne salient from both sides betrayed his anxiety lest this area became a spring board for a drive across the Bel gian waist to trap au estimated 3 to 5 German divisions west o Bastogne Saturday night accounts filially passed by censors Monday said the third army had gained up to 2 miles in B hours in a renewed tank and infantry drive northeastward from the Bastogne sector The at tack was along a 7 mile front west arid southwest of Bastogne It pro gressed smoothly without real re sistance until it reached a point 2 miles south of St Hubert where German defenses stayed the ad vance The southern edges of Moircy II miles west of Bastogne and Remarne 10 miles southwest were reached before the foe cracked down with artillery tanks silf nropelled artillery mortars and small arms Preliminary reports up o 7 p m Saturday said 7 German tiger tanks were destroyed in that push alone Heavy artillery and aerial bombardment was directed upon all 3 Belgian towns but storming heus from the U S army under Lt Gen George S Patton offensive aPPcars to haw had its back ;