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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 1, 1943, Mason City, Iowa aV I I 11 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP T OF HISTORY AND ARCH I VC DES M01NES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 1 1943 NO 72 REDS GAIN 40 MILES IN CAUCASUS Huge Bombers Plaster Japs on Wake HALF OF NIPPON DEFENDERS ARE BELIEVED DEAD 76000 Pounds of Bombs Set Large Fires Catch Japs by Surprise By OLEN W CLEMENTS ABOARD A BOMBER OVER WAKE ISLAND Dec 24 Huge American bombers plunged from the high heavens Thursday on unsuspecting Wake island and plastered the Japs with 76000 pounds of bombs in the biggest mass raid of the Pacific war Possibly more than half the Jap defenders were Killed There were no American casualties Intense fires were started bnth on Wake and Peale islands The Japs were caught in bed one minute after midnight Their antiaircraft lire which didnt start until long after the first bombs exploded was wild and the frightened Japs could be seen in the brilliant moon light mourner madly for their dugouts In a split second the bombs crashed all over both islands Fires crackled everywhere A Tokio communique was quoted by the Berlin radio Christ mas day as saying that U S Hying fortresses which struck from the region of Midway the night of Dec 23 had caused four small fi kiilert OIKJapanese and wounded four on Midway it de clared four of the raiders were shot down aged and six were dam Precisely at midnight the flight leader Col William A Matheny ol Carrington N Dak flipped on his radio and called to the long line ol planes behind him VThis is it boys Im goin yellow The nose of his plane slanted down The engines roared There beyond the nose of his bomber lay Wake island where for 16 days one year ago United States marines made one of the most gallant last stands in the worlds history Fight Fire ot Lennan Bakery The off shift members of the fire department were called into service Friday fore iboveto battle flames m the Chuck Lennan bakery 1011 North Federal avenue shown Island guided only by the moon and On the return trip they hit an intense weather front and visibility was reduced to a few feet This was the first combat action for all but two of the pilots bat despite the rain and fosr every plane found its base and landed safely Brig Gen Howard K Ramey of Mississippi the bomber com mander stood anxiously waiting on the rainswept airbase He rushed up to congiaiulatc Colone Matheny and each man in the squadron The general ordered each plane examined immediately and ai of ficial report delivered to him later read bullet Dholes in the wing flaps of one plane 10 lor dead No wounded Faster and plunged in its faster the bomber nose pointed at a long row of buildings on Pea cock point The island was blacked out Down and down the plane sped Colonel Matheny pulled her nose up Suddenly brilliant red flashes were seen below are yop going to turn loose those inccrnJiaTTes Colo nel Matheny asked the bomba dier Lt D D Manchester of Spokane Wash Gone sir replied the lieuten ant And at that moment a huge flash was seen Planes on each winr let theirs go at the same time When the colonel turned his ship every one of the buildings in that long row were afire No Japanese was seen to run from them Still there was no antiaircraft fire Dozens or more bombers began Jo hit all sections of both islands Finally after what seemed an IprnUy a few Japs managed to two ack ack guns and let go Klly Shells burst fully 6000 above and two miles away 11 the nearest American plane lo searchlights popped on bc thcn more searchlight beams to sweep the ky Gunners fer bombers let go at them Urted putting them out squadron leader Major H Birchard of Bay City dropped bombs near oil j starting huge fires Peer it the window he saw Japs iig for cover in their under No fight was left in them quick look at Wake and Islands showed that by this fires were burning between ick Point and the eastwest in the vicinity of the Aground hangar tanks were afire in the mid V Peale Island More tanks flaming near the south pi entrance to the harbor blumns of black smoke were i from Kuku Point ir bombs gone the bombers ll for their ShangriLa is on Wake Island were vis or 75 miles bombers flew in absolute ilcncc on their trip to Wake The tired crew members whoop ed and hollered and wentto bed When they were awakened General Ramey read them a con gratulatory message from Admiral Chester W Nimitz Lieut Gen Delos Emmons and Major Gen Wiss H Hale It said in effect Congratulations on a job well done The raiding bombers had exe cuted the longest flight and big gest raid of its type of the war The record was the more amazing because all the planes returned safely and not one of the raiders was injured or killed Boy Is Recovering After Removal of One of 2 Stomachs BUFFALO N Y year old Jerome Brylski was on the road to recovery Friday after the removal of one of stomachs his two Jerome became ill Dec 12 while riding in the family car Doctors diagnosed the case as an acute ab dominal condition possibly appen dicitis The usual preparations for an appendectomy were made but doc tors found in addition to the in flamed appendix a twisted second stomach several inches from the normal organ The lads appendix and abnor mal stomach were removed in an operation which took an hour and a half Local Bakery Is Destroyed by New Years Day Flames Off Shift Firemen Are Called to Help Battle Blaze on North Federal The off shift members of the fire department were called into senice shortly before 11 oclock Friday morning to battle flames that destroyed the Chuck Lennan ualretv 1011 North Federal ave nue We nave no idea of how fhe fire started said Chuck Lennan manager of the plant One of the employes he said opened the door to the basement storeroom to bring up flour for the days batch of baking He was met by a rush of hot smoke Four water lines and the use of two pumpers failed to halt the spread of the flames which were consuming a basement full of flour The basement was filled only Thursday the day before the fire said Mr Lennan Firemen were battling to keep the flames from spreading to an adjacent filling station that of the north outlet of the TankarOil company on the corner of Eleventh street and North Federal avenue Employes tried to salvage some of the machinery but the floor caved in before any salvage work could be accomplished Then win dows broke out from the heat and the entire building was an in ferno The plant represented an invest ment of Mr Lennan said Five Pearl Harbor Men Train at Glider School HEADQUARTERS ARMY AIK FORCES GLIDER SCHOOL DAL HART Tex Five enlisted men of tlie advanced glider school here were at Pearl Harbor a year ago when the Japanese bombed the harbor and now hey have adopted this chant Well never forget nor forgive and we hope the Japs will see us again The five men are Staff Sgts Troy A Adams Texarkana Tex Carroll A French of Denison Tex Harold Kolom Chicago Richard Peak Channing Mich and John Kinney of East Aurora N Y French lost a brother in the action at Schofield Barracks The other men lost their close friends 15 Alcohol Education Teachers of WCTU Drink Toasts to 43 EVANSTON 111 UP Coun among those who swigged a toss to the now year tlie bfficnrsajiiJ alcohol education the Womans Christian Temperance union They held their New Years eve party at tlie home of Mrs Mar garet C Munns the national treas urer The toast quaffed at midnight was served in regulation cocktail glasses and contained as ingredi ents Grape juice orange juice and ginger ale un British and Nazi Ships Fight in North LONDON sharp battle Between units of the British and German fleets apparently still was being fought somewhere in northern waters Friday but news of the engagement was limited to a terse admiralty communique Thursday night which reported a nazi cruiser damaged and a de stroyer possibly sunk British morning newspapers however speculated on the pos sibility that the powerful German battleship Tirpitz the 10000ton cruiser Prinz Eugen and other vessels of the German navy might have been intercepted in an at tempt to sneak out into the At antic The Daily Mirror suggested that the Prinz Eugen might con ceivably be the cruiser the ad miralty reported had been hit and had withdrawn from the action which the communique said was continuing The Tirpitz last was reported to have left her hiding place along the coast of Norway last August when the Russians said one of their submarines had tor pedoed and damaged her inan attempted raid on allied supply lanes U S LIGHTNING PLANES STORM JAP LAE BASE At Least 20 Enemy Craft Destroyed With Heavy Aerial Blow By BRYDON C TAVES GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia UR P38 lightnings sup ported by attack planes and me dium bombers of the allied air forces battered the Japanese base at Lac Thursday destroying at least 20 enemy planes Gen Doug las MacArthur announced Friday The combined attack by he Americans and Australians was one of the heaviest and most crushing blows of the New Guinea campaign The fast allied aircraft stormed into the Lae area more than 100 miles northwest of Buna where allied ground troops are steadily pushing the Japanese garrison into the sea Lockheed Lightnings in combat for the second time in the New Guinea area shot down nine zero fighters and damaged two more of a formation of 12 in a fierce 25minute dogfight Says Nazis Lost Offensive Power MICHAEL KALININ of Soviet Union Besides the Tirpitz and the Prinz Eugen the Germans are believed to have concentrated in Norwegian waters the 10000ton cruiser Admiral Hipper the pocket battleships Admiral Scheer and the Luetzow 20 destroyers and a flotilla of submarines The 2G000ton battleships Sclsivnhorst and GncisJpau arc believed still in the Baltic where they spent some time undergoing repairs suffered in their dasli through the British channel last February Chrysler Tank Output in December Sets Mark DETROIT T Keller Chrysler corporation president said Friday the companys Decem ber tank output exceeded the en tire production for 1941 when Chrysler tank production was al ready seven months ahead of schedule Keller said the corpora lion broke all daily tank produc tion records on Dec 28 by making almost twice as many as on any other day The plant also made several hundred more tanks dur ing December than in its best pre vious month Long Distance Haul of Gliders to Be Tried CHICAGO first long distance air haul of two gliders in America will be attempted Wed nesday when the Frankfort Sail plane company delivers two glid ers to the school of flight instruc tion at Denver university Original plans to ship the gliders by train from the Frankfort plant at Joliet 111 to Denver were canceled be cause of inadequate rail transpor tation facilities Company and uni versity officials agreed upon tow ing the planes to Denver to save time and expense and to give en gineers an opportunity to check the sailphmcs performance under such conditions PORTSMOUTH TO FACE FLOODS Braces for Expected Crest on Saturday PORTSMOUTH Ohio industrial city of 40466 residents braced itself Friday to meet the crest of a flood swollen Ohio river as a company of United States army engineers patrolled the streets to aid rescue work and maintain order This important steel community faced a rampaging stream which with its tributaries left between 17000 and 20000 homeless in West Virginia On the basis of upstream re ports where the river now is crest ing or falling a crest of 61 feet II above flood stage is expected here Saturday The dike which partly protects this cily is 02 feet high At least 10000 Ohioans were re ported to have been removed from their homes during the night The river began falling at Wheeling W Va Thursday night The peak came there 12 hours after the drop began at Pittsburgh 60 miles upstream Industrial plants in Pittsburgh have resumed operations it was reported and transportation was rearingnormal Wheeling W Va itself semi paralyzed by the flood was caring for approximately 10000 of the West Virginia evacuees Two Ohio cities Marietta and Martins Ferry were reported to be about threefourths under water Only two of the lightnings in action were damaged a headquar ters spokesman disclosed Eleven other Japanese planes were destroyed aground the com munique reported Douglas Boston A20 bombers strafed and bombed the Lae air field after the light nings had spread their destruc tion They destroyed four mil subishi bombers ami one zero fighter on the K round North American Billy Mitchell bombers B25s finished the job on the Lae airfield bombing the enemys ground installations and inflicting heavy damage General MacArlhur disclosed They planted 100pound d e m o 1 i t i on bombs up and down the air field which a headquarters spokesman said was covered along its entire length with gaping craters Earlier allied reconnaissance planes surprised and destroyed six Japanese planes caught aground without air protection in the Lac area bringing the days total bag to 20 enemy planes the communi que said Police Carry Dustpans to Pick Up Broken Glass SACRAMENTO Cal to save thinning automobile tires explained Police Chief Alex Mc Allister He ordered police cars to carry dustpans and brooms The officers will sweep up all the broken glass they see Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Occasional light rain or snow Friday and Friday night no decided change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 27 Min Thursday night 23 At 8 a m Friday 24 YEAR AGO Maximum I SI Minimum 12 Precipitation 04 F R Plans of Peace Must Be Developed Now WASHINGTON Roosevelt declared Friday that it was a supreme necessity to plan for the postwar peace and to carry forward after the wai the unity now being displayed by the united nations to prevent another world cataclysm The president issued a state ment at a press conference open ing the new year asserting Die united nations are passing from the defensive to the ofCehswc and adding The unity achieved on the battle line is bnins earnestly sought in the not less cumplet problems of a different front In this as in no previous war men arc conscious of the supreme necessity of planning what is to come of carrying for ward into peace any common ef fort which will have brought them victory in the war They have come to see that he maintenance and safeguarding of peace is the most vital single necessity in the lives of each and all of us The statement was issued on the first anniversary of the sign ing here last Jan l and 2 of the declaration by united nations The president amplified his formal statement by saying that all the planning Tor the future is dependent obviously on peace He added informally that this was an important anniversary not only because ot its relationship to running and winning the war but because of its reference to peace and the post war period He emphasized that ho original 26 united nations augmented later by three other signers wanted to rcmnin united iit the end of the war as well as during the war SOVIETS CLAIM NEW TRIUMPHS OVER GERMANS Hitler Declares This Winter Cant Possibly Be Worse Than Last MOSCOW Kalmyck capital of Elista far in its rear the red army has driven 40 miles to the shores of the great lake east of Salsk in an offen sive aimed directly at the Cau casus after trapping 22 divisions at Stalingrad and killing or cap turing 312650 of the enemy the Russians reported Friday The rush to the shares ot the great lake now frozen and snow covered carried the Russian troops to a point about 40 miles southwest of Elista in the big gest single days jump of the offensive below Stalingrad The Russian winter campaign thus had put the German forces in the Caucasus In an increasing ly dangerous position after build ing a wall 37 miles thick at its narrowest point around the 22 German divisions trapped at Stalingrad The advance point reached Thursdai a soviet communique disclosed was Priyutnoe about 40 miles south of Remontnoe which was taken the previous day The German garrison at Elista was virtually encircled with the Russians having passed by both on the south and the north W Salsk is a key point of the rail way system south of the Don It is on the StalingradTikhoretsk railway and a junction point for a connecting line to Rostov Conse quently ii Was of importance in maintaining Uie connection be tween the Germans in the Cau casus and in the Ukraine Reds Sound Allied Keynote for 1943 By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor Soviet Russia sounded ah allied keynote for 1943 Friday with the official claim of one of tiie wars most staggering blows to nazi arms FBI Pushes Inquiry Into Shipyard Blaze PROVIDENCE R I federal bureau of investigation Tuesday joined the martime com mission and plant officials in a probe of a fire which swept the huge steel fabricating shop of the Rheems Manufacturing company shipyard Thursday The blaze drove about aOO employes from the plant and destroyed valuable machinery before it was brought under control WASHINGTON new year was born Friday to a nation straining for a total wartime status amid official prophecies that each of its 365 days will be a grim tortuous struggle toward victory It is to be a yea r of t r e m e s ex say these forecas ter year sometimes bringing m i 1 U lary reversals but more often tri umphs prosperity but also econ nomic dangers vastly increased production of armamen but fewer and fewer civilian goods And even in its midnight birth I943 was received from coast lo coast with such mixtures as gaiety reverence by night throngs in churches sober effort by continuous shifts of war workers and with grief by thous ands made homeless by floods in sections of Pennsylvania New York West Virginia Ohio and Oregon New Yorks traditional great white way became the great dim way for crowds numbered as high as 500000 who cheered the new year in on streets darkened in conformity with wartime regu lations Hotels night clubs restau rants and theaters were crowded Along the waterfront they saw the Statue of Libertys upraised torch flash a V for Victory Nationwide gasoline rationing reduced he usually heavy holi day motor travel and tewer vio lent deaths marred the Nevv Eve celebratfen Virtually all war plants continued their roundlhrclock production Observance of the new year in fhe nations capital brought pro phecies from high government of ficials that 1943 will bring fur ther military progress toward vic tory but there were warnings of numerous hardships ahead Milo Perkins executive direc tor of the board of economic war fare predicted that sharply in creased air attacks during the year on Hitlers industrial Europe can materially weaken G e r manys economic position Similar assaults on the Japanese mer chant marine he observed can have similar effect on Japans op portunity lo make full use of looted raw materials from con quested lands While Germany he said is slill economically formidable it has passed production ocak while Grim Struggle Toward Victory Ihe united nations have not yet reached theirs Secretary of Commerce Jones predicted the national income estimated at in 1942 will soar to a record S135 tolai But while it will brlnK prosperity to the home front he added it will also bear elements of economic danger against which the na tion must guard No segment of our economy he said will escape the wars impact and every citizen will feel its pressure There will be cas ualties of war in both the fields of manufacture and dislribution but the great bulk of our produc ers and distributors will carry on even if it be on a minimum ba Other official New Year state ments SECRETARY OF WAR STIM some initial de feats in the year just past Amer ica has now firmly set on its feet on theway to victory SECRETARY OF VAVY KNOX prospects are brighter 1943 will be better than 1942 But we must expect more re verses before the enemies power is broken It will be a grim no mistake There are tears and weariness ahead But beyond the shadows is cer tain victory SECRETARY OF AGRICUL TURE dis astrous weather we can continue to meet all essential food require ments We cant afford to waste a pound ot food WAR PRODUCTIONCHAIR MAN DONALD M 1943 we shall be living in a full war economy It will be a hard year but it will be fruitful PETROLEUM TOR HAROLD see no prospect ADMINISXRA L of any relaxa tion of ration restrictions in 1943 So long as there is a rubber prob lem so long will fherc be ration ing of gasoline So long as we have a transportation problem on the Atlantic seaboard so long also will we have to continue to ration our supplies of fuel oil It may well be that conditions will get much worse before they get bet ter that the cuts already made will have to be deepened ELMER DAVIS OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION DIREC will be welcome news of bravery and victories But we must be ready tor bad news casually lisls the news of lost battles the hopes thnt have not yet been realized We have what it takes of course in the new year we shall have to use it if we are going lo win this war And we arc going lo win in triumphan communiques an nouncing more than 312650 axis troops killed or captured in six weeks of a carefullytimed come back campaign 9 The Russians declared that 1589 towns and villages had been won back under the red banner President Michael Kalinin of the soviet union declared in a New Years message that during the past year the German army sustained losses which exhausted its offen sive power HITLER PLEDGES NO COLLAPSE AS IN 1918 And as tils new year dawned bright with Ihe promise of rising allied offensives around the world AcloJf Hitler had for his people and his armies neither news nor pros pects of victories to report In a New Years message striclly on the defensive the nazi fuehrer declared hopefully that however hard this winter would be it cannot possibly be harder than the last Again as in his last speech he pledged no repetition of the Ger man home front collapse 1918 he promised a fight to the bitter end Germany will never be con quered and never will capitulate he asserted RAF BOMBS WESTERN GERMAN V NORTH FRANCE The RAF bombed in the new year with attacks on western Ger many and northern France Brit ain meantime had a raidlcss nigh New blows were dealt by sea and air to crossMediterranean supply shipping of the axis The admiralty announced that British submarines had sunk two more large axis supply ships off the gulf of Tunis and probably had sunk an enemy destroyer off Bizerte A Cairo communique said naval aircraft scored a direct hit on an enemy merchantman off Sicily Wednesday night The communique said the Tuni sian port of Sfax was bombed two more days in succession and re ported that large fires were start ed in a very successful raid on the axis airdrome at Candia on Crete Wednesday j the island night The war bulletin said there were no developments to report I on land action west of Wadi Bci El Chebir on the coastal road lo Tripoli Allied North African head quarters said Thursday that pa trols had been in contact wit the enemy near DC Bou Arada 1 ;