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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 28, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE Associated Preu and United Press Full Lease Wirea MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A BroadGauged View of National Defense TN an address not long ago be fore the National Council for Social Studies Brig Gen C T Lanham special assistant to the army chief of staff presented what seemed to me to be the most enlightened and penetrating ap praisal of the role of the military m our national life It was reproduced in extract form in the Army Information Digest Thats how it came to my attention I cant think of a more profitable way to spend my 13 minutes with you this week than passing along to you the highlights of this remarkable presentation By way of background I should tell you that Gen Lanham a product of West Point class of 1924 served with distinction in Europe during World war II Commanding the 22nd regiment of the 4th division he had a part in the Normandy breakthrough the crossing of the Seine and the assault on the Seigfried line Had Varied Background Before the war he was associate editor of the Infantry Journal and in 1941 and 1942 he assisted in the preparation of infantry train ing manuals He was in charge of visual aids at army ground forces headquarters Since last July he has been a special assist ant to Gen Omar Bradley All of this by way of suggesting that he speaks with authority In time of peace Gen Lanham prefaced his talk from which I am quoting a free society regards its army with distaste and often with suspicion This is normal for an army by its very structure is the antithesis of everything held dear by a democratic community It is authoritarian nor can it compromise with that principle if it is to survive on the field of battle Its leaders are neces sarily vested with great power and are therefore constantly sub ject to the 9orroding and corrupt ing influences that attend per sonal power Regimentation Unpopular Its men in their own interest and in the national interest must acquire the suffer for ably known as regimentation And finally a free people do not relish in their midst the in credible destructive power that is unavoidably concentrated in the military power so vast so awful that the human mind staggers with disbelief in its presence These then are the that the most skillful apologist cannot evade And facts they shall remain so long as an in fantile world society clings to its tribal totems and invokes organ ized force as its ultimate arbiter These very real fears have re peatedly led us in previous times of peace to reduce our army to a state of impotence wall it up in isolated and forgotten garrisons handed down from frontier days and then wipe it from our minds from our consciences Its Happened Before This has happened before We must not let it happen again lor in addition to the social evils im plicit in such miasmic conditions our military weakness invites ex ternal forces to destroy the very values we sought to safeguard Surely then since Utopia has not yet arrived we must support and sustain an army adequate to the evils of the day And since such an army will of necessity embrace great numbers of our young men we must see that this substantial period of their lives is not spent in a civic vacuum in an educational wasteland in a moral slum It is clear therefore that our obligation transcends the tradi tional military concept that our sole duty is to provide the repub lic with a body of trained fight ing men We must provide those fighting men with a healthy mental moral and social climate with full opportunity for intel lectual and civic growth Both Citizens and Soldiers We must return these young men to tlieir communities not merely as master journeymen in the deadly trade of war but as selfrespecting mature citizens strengthened by self discipline and fortified in the democratic faith by living and working with men of all creeds of all origins of all economic and educational levels Thus Gen Lanham points out the armys broad objective is to produce a better soldier and a bet ter citizen For the better the man as a citizen the better he is as a soldier And I assume this would obtain with respect to the other branches of service Here the general dips into his Bonaparte to Eisen prove his point that teaching a soldier WHY he fights is as important as teaching him HOW to fight Soldiership and citizenship are ever interlocked New Approach Instituted In pursuit of this goal the army has initiated many farreaching programs character guidance guidance a strengthened CONTINUED ON PACK MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 28 1949 KIDNAPER AND VICTIM MEET garet Chisholm 31 Phoenix Sunday again met George Schmid 22 one of 2 exconvicts who kidnaped her and took her on a foray in which 3 persons were killed Miss Chisholm eluded her abductors Friday night Schmid was captured Sunday At left is Sheriff James Stocker San Bernardino Cal in whose county the killings occurred Snow Strikes North Dakota Iowa Temperatures Near Zero Snow and a stinging cold wave counterattacked the armys bliz zard relief forces in North Dakota Monday and sent temperatures down to around zero as far south as Iowa s Just as the army was about to write off operation snowbound as mission 2 inches of now and strong wind closed more than 2000 miles of North Dakota highways over the week end In the same time the armys bulldozers had opened only about Fail to Remove Ice Des Momes attempt to clear an ice gorge on the Des Moines river below Eddyvillc by dynamiting was unsuccessful the weather bureau reported Monday in a special river bulle tin However the bulletin said cold weather is checking the snow runoff in the Des Moines and Raccoon rivers watershed and prospects are that there will be no important change un til warmer weather or new pre cipitation causes a rising trend and loosens the ice in the riv ers 1200 miles The army said at least another day would be required to eopen the newlyclosed roads Temperatures throughout the area the only sector still snow bound ranged from zero to around 20 below A low reading of one above zero was recorded for Mason City Iowa The cold wave was expected to move eastward across Minnesota and Wisconsin Monday followed warmer air which already had overspread most of the western great plains The armys monthlong fight against the snow in Wyoming Nebraska and South Dakota came to an end Sunday Meanwhile alerts against floods from the melting snow were ex tended along the Missouri river from Leavenworth Kans to Plattsmouth Nebr The stream was 5 feet above flood stage at Atchison Kans and 7 foot above flood stage at St Joseph Mo It was icejammed for 105 miles up stream from Leavenworth with only minor breaks occurring in the jam Voting Light in Municipal Primaries Only a handful of scattered votes had been cast in the Mason City municipal primary election by early afternoon Monday Most of the few persons who went to the polls election officials said left without voting when they discovered that no candidates were listed on the machines The law requires 2 per cent of the vote cast for mayor in the last election and 487 votes were cast when Mayor Howard E Bruce was elected 2 years ago Must Write Names In order to vote Monday it was necessary for the voter to declare his party affiliation and then write in the name of his candidate on either of the 2 tickets which ever he had named If the names of several persons were written in the one receiving the most votes on that particular party ticket would be nominated providing he received at least 10 votes it was explained The names of none of those who have announced for the mayor alderman and police judge offices appeared on the machines it was explained becausethey were nominated by petition by parties other than the democratic or re publican The names of all nomi nees whether nominated by pri mary vote or petition will appear on the machines at the municipal election March 28 Open Until 8 The polls will remain open until 8 p m according to the state law which fixes municipal election procedure The voting places are as follows 1st ward 1st administration building 1st ward 2nd 2nd ward 1st 2nd ward 2nd school 3rd ward 1st city hall basement 3rd ward 2nd precinct Roosevelt elementary school 4th ward 1st R Chevrolet garage 4th ward 2nd school NO QUAKE DAMAGE LongBeach Cal reported no damage Monday from an earthquake which rattled dishes and swayed chandeliers here Sunday afternoon 5 More Churchmen in Pleas of Guilty in Bulgaria Trial Sofia Bulgaria more Protestant churchmen pleaded guilty Monday in Bulgarias spy trial By the end of the days session 8 in all had entered guilty pleas Seven others still must plead All who pleaded guilty went through the now familiar routine de nouncing themselves expressing repentance and pleading for a new chance to work for the com munistcontrolled government All said they had seen the er ror of their ways in their opposi tion to communism All of them told the court that the secret se curity police who took their con fessions of spying for Britain and the United States had displayed a surprisingly noble attitude First on Stand The first to take the stand Mon day was the Rev Georgi Chernov a Pentecostal pastor He lost HO time in pleading guilty as the lirst 3 had done Like the others who had pre ceded him on the stand Chernov launched into a long public con fession of spying The others on the stand Mon day were Lambri Marinov Mish kov 41 of the Congregational church Georgi Nikolov Vassev 48 of the Baptist church Haralan Ivanov Popov 41 Pentecost church and loncho Nikolov Dri anov 41 Pentecost church Admits Spying Vassev like all the others ad mitted spying and named 2 Amer icans He said he had been asked by Dr William Coon identified as secretary general of the Bap tist Mission in North America and by a man named Leuschner called a Baptist youth leader to collect information Vassev said money was sent from the United States to pay for such espionage It was expected the remaining 7 defendants would enter pleas andmake statements Tuesday A finding by the court may be reached by the early part of next week Killer Slain After Pal Is Captured Wounds Policeman in Leg During Last Ditch Stand Phoenix Ariz vicious killer Bill Ray Gilbert made good his boast he would never be tak en alive He fell dead before a blaze of police gunfire here Sunday night He almost made good his 2nd take 2 officers with me when I die He shot a po liceman 3 times in the leg The 28yearold Arizona ex convict killed a woman and 2 men near Needles Calif last Wednes day The gun battle with police ended a crime foray in which Gil bert and a prison pal George Adolph Schmid 22 kidnapped a Phoenix woman killed the 3 Cal ifornians and returned to Arizona with a plan to kill the state pris on warden and other officials Schmid was captured without resistance by 2 city policemen here early Sunday as he tried to reach his mothers home He was armed with 2 pistols Surround Court Police surrounded a tourist court cabin in the southwestern section of the city Sunday night when the operator C A Jensen reported a man he recognized as Gilbert had registered during the afternoon Two policemen battered on the cabin door and ordered the occu pant to come out The answer was a blast of pistol fire from the cabins attic Detective Ed Lan gevin fell wounded Police poured bullets through the thin cabin walls They knew their man was hit when blood streaked the white exterior of the cabin Dont shoot any more Im hit in the head Gilbert shouted As police held their fire Gil bert came to the door He threw it open and blood streaming down his naked body stood swaying in the glare of police lights Raises Pistol Raise your hands Sgt Orme Moorhead t shouted Instead Gilbert raised a pistol in his right hand Police cut him down in the doorway His body with 12 BuUeirh61es Hisjpistol was empty Gilbert was taking a shower when police reached the cabin Gilberts companion Schmid and the woman they kidnapped Florence Margaret Chisolm 31 Phoenix already were being tak en to California when he was killed Schmid is charged with murder Miss Chisholm is held as a material witness Schmid will be held for the murders of Ernest Winsted 21 a Needles city employe his wife Frances 22 and Willis Pugh 70 The 3 were shot to death at a ranch near Needles Schmid said Gilbert believed Winsted was wise to us Schmid and Gilbert were plan ning to kill Warden Lon E Wal ters and several other officials of the Arizona state prison where the 2 had recently served terms for robbery Schmid said 3 Are Killed in Collision NearDecorah Decorah Klema of Harmony Minn died in a De corah hospital Monday of in juries suffered in an automobile collision which killed 2 lowans outright The accident occurred Saturday night near Burr Oak 10 miles north of Decorah Helmer Hovden and Gilbert Hovden of Crystal were killed outright Henry Halverson and Ar nold Hovden of Ridgeway riding with the Hovdens were injured seriously Both were brought to Decorah for hospital treatment Thomas Hanlon of Harmony passenger in Klemas car was in jured seriously He is under treat ment Alto Vista Man Is Found Dead Near Rail Tracks Alta body of Alvin Wismer 52 tavern operator was found partially frozen near the Great Western tracks at a cross ing near the station at 6 a m Monday apparently having been hit by a train Clarence White mail carrier who makes the night train found the body about a half block from the station According to Dr Paul E Gardner of New Hampton Chickasaw county coroner Wis mer was apparently on his way home when he was hit His head was crushed He had been dead for several hours when found with his hands and feet frozen Wismer was single a veteran of World war I The sole survivor is a halfsister Mrs Gerald Crooks of Alta Vista Paper Conslsta ot Two No 121 Death Toll Rises to in Coll eqe Truman Asks Filibuster Show Down Senate Steps Into Fight on Gag Rule Lucas in 1st Move Washington President Truman demanding a show down the senate pitched into a fight Monday over whether to adopt a filibusterkilling change in its rules The battle may hold up all senate action on legislation for weeks or more Democratic Leader Lucas of Il linois touched off the scrap by moving to bring the rule change before the senate A dozen south ern democrats sat grimly in their seats all prepared to talk indef initely to keep the rule change from going through The administration wants the rules changed to clear the way for action on the presidents civil rights program LUCESS told his colleagues We must grapple with this problem and have a decision in this session of congress Earlier he said as he left a white house conference of legislative leaders with Mr Truman that the president had urged them to meet the filibuster issue headon and seek a showdown That meant he indicated that the fight over the filibuster would not be put aside for any legisla tion but would be fought to a fin ish The senate meeting at noon had up the question of whether to change its rules so that debate could be halted at any time that tworthirds of the senators on the floorvoted to halt it Uphold Ban on Work Stoppage High Court Rules on MilwaukeeCase Washington supreme court Monday ruled 5 to 4 that states may bar labor unions from calling periodic work stoppages during working hours The decision upheld a Wiscon sin employment relations board ruling that periodic work stop pages by a group of Milwaukee workers were an unfair labor practice under the states labor code Justice Robert H Jackson speaking for the majority said that under the TaftHartley law states are permitted to regulate some coercive conduct by unions He was joined by Chief Justice Fred M Vinson and Justices Felix Frankfurter Harold H Burton and Stanley F Reed Justice Wil liam O Douglas Hugo L Black Frank Murphy and Wiley B Rut ledge dissented Accused of engaging in a var iation of the illegal sitdown strike were members of the United Automobile Workers AFL at 2 plants of the Briggs Stratton Corp The union called 27 meetings away from the plant but during work November 1945 and March 1946 The union adopted that method to which it gave no name to im press demands for a new contract PLANNED TO KILL GIRLS FOSTER Shown above are Donald Harber 21 and Eloise L Rhoades 19 who confessed they planned to rob and kill the girls foster parents Mr and Mrs Delbert Rhoades of Davenport but failed when the young man lost his nerve Nerve Fails in Murder Plan Plotted to Kill Rob Foster Parents Davenport with assault with intent to commit murder a young couplewas bound over to Scott county district court under bond each when ar raigned before Police Magistrate John J McSwiggin here Monday Both pleaded guilty The pair Donald Harber 21 and Eloise L Rhoades19 are be ingheld in jail in lieu of the bonds Police said the 2 confessed they planned to kill and rob the girls foster parents but failed to do so when the young man lost his nerve as he pointed a gun at the intended victims They told police they wanted to use the money for a trip to California Detective Elmer Peterson quoted the girl as saying she knew her foster parents Mr and Mrs Del bert Rhoades had in then house north of town Peterson quoted Harber as saying the girl suggested the robbery We made plans to kill Mi and Mrs Rhoades either in their home at the time of the holdup or take them out in their car and kill them later We also planned to steal their automobile for the trip Harbers statement said Harber said he and the girl talked with her foster parents in the kitchen for a half hour I pulled out the gun and pointed it at Mr and Mrs Rhoades But I found myself too scared to shoot or say anything I then turned and ran out of the door and Eloise joined me Harber said Says Minimum British Aid Is Proposed Washington adminis tration advised congress Monday the proposed in new aid to Britain is a tight absolute minimum needed Any reduction in it declared Paul Hoffman head of the eco nomic cooperation administration would adversely affect continued recovery in both the United King dom and western Europe He and a group of advisors from various ment appeared before the senate foreign relations committee as the aftermath of a transAtlantic dis cussion of the state of Britains economic health Because of varying official Brit ish statements as to how far she has recovered from the strains of war the conunittee called in Hoff man to justify Britains share of the new European recovery program Until Great Britains earnings of dollars through exports and services to the United States and other hard currency areas are sufficient to pay for the essential imports she must have she will still need American aid Hoffman said 2 Dead in Headon Crash Near Everly Everly persons were tilled and 5 others were injured Sunday in the headon collision of 2 cars on a gravel road a mile east and a half mile north of here The dead were Mrs Clayton C o b b Sioux Rapids and Mrs Roy Roskins of Everly The husbands of both women were taken to a Spencer hospital where their condition was not im mediately determined Three Roskins children were taken to a Hartley hospital Their condition was reported as not serious SAME BUck mcmni ta Clay Awaits Word on Release From Post in Germany Berlin Lucius D Clay said Monday he has askeeJ informally to be released from his duties as military governor of Germany at the earliest moment the government felt it could re lease me Clay said no action has been taken yet on his request which was made some months ago He said he had no information on a report he would be succeeded by Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer or Gen Mark W Clark as one newspaper has reported In Washington Secretary of the Army Royall said no decision has been made either on Clays retirement or the appointment of a successor May Makes Appeal on Bribery Conviction Washington Con gressman Andrew J May Mon day asked the U S court of ap peals to reconsider its decision upholding his bribery conviction to prevent a travesty of justice The Kentucky democrat and the Garsson brothers Henry and Murray have been convicted on charges of war fraud and bribery and ordered to serve sentences of 8 months to 2 years Pearson Glad to Be Called Servant of Brotherhood Washington JP Radio Com mentator Drew Pearson doesnt mind being called an s o it means Servant of Brotherhood He referred in a broadcast Sun day night ABC to President Trumans use of the 3 initials to meet criticism of his military aid Maj Gen Harry H Vaughan Pearson suggested the president join him in forming a new mili tant crusading order of Servants of Brotherhood to promote better understanding between our neigh bors here at home and our friends abroad Truman Attacks President Truman in rough old soldier language that startled Washington declared last Tues day any s o b who thinks he can cause any of those people members of his official family to be discharged by me by some smart aleck statement over the air or in the paper he has got an other think coming The president did not mention Pearson by name but Sunday night Pearson said Last week Brotherhood week the president of the United States threw a name in my direction which was not meant to be brotherhly However what he called me is not important and I shall continue as in the past to support his pro gram when he is working for the good of the nation though I shall continue to urge that he appoint good men to carry out that pro gram Raps Vaughan Before the presidents unusual outburst Pearson had been stead ily criticizing Vaughan over the air and in his newspaper column for accepting a medal from Presi dent Peron of Argentina Sunday night Pearson said I am going to take those initials you used Mr President and use them proudly in an entirely different way I would like to suggest that in the future we get away from the ugliness attached to those ini tials and make them mean Serv of Brotherhood f laze Hope Lost for 6 Who Are Missing Ames Student No Longer on List of Critically Hurt Gambier Ohio death toll in the Kenyon college fire mounted to 9 Monday when Jack McDonald 18yearold student from Hamilton Ohio died of a skull fracture McDonald who dropped from his 3rdfloor room Vs flames swept the Old Kenyon dormitory Sunday morning died in Mercy hospital at nearby Mount Vernon A few minutes earlier the col lege announced it had abandoned hope of finding alive the 6 stu dents who were missing This had increased the death toll to 8 Two died Sunday morning Dropped Head First The latest victim McDonald had hung by his hands from his window and dropped His feet struck a 2ndfloor ledge and he then fell head downward Dr Gordon K Chalmers the colleges president announced that hope had been abandoned At the time searchers still were unable to dig into the debris of Old Kenyon dormitory which the fire swept early Sunday morning List of Missing The missing students were Ernest Ahwajee of Akron Ohio 18 year old sophomore Albert J Lewis of Hazelton Pa George Pincus of Brooklyn N Stephen Shepard of New York Colin Woodworth of Jamaica Plain Mass Martin E Mangel of New York The dead were Edward Brout of Mount Vernon N Y 19 year old premedical stu dent He tried unsuccessfully to jump from the window of his room to a fire escape some feet along the wall and 3 stories up Marc S Peck of Fenton Mich He died of burns Robert McFarland of Ames Iowa who was cut and burned about the head and feet was re moved from the critical list Mon day morning Approve Land Purchase for Womens Dormitory Des Monies state ex ecutive council Monday author ized the board of education to ac quire additional land for a pro posed new womens dormitory at Iowa State Teachers college Cedar Falls It approved purchase of 8 lota at a cost of The board previously had bought up 47 aoreg of land for the dormitory CHOOSE CEDARIRAPIDS Waterloo state council of Gideons meeting here Sunday awarded the 1949 state convention of the society to Cedar Rapids on Oct 7 8 and 9 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Monday night Continued cold Monday night Mostly cloudy and warmer Tuesday Low Mon day night 5 to 10 High Tuesday 30 to 35 Iowa Generally fair Monday night Tuesday increasing cloudiness occasional rain or snow likely extreme west por tion Warmer Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 1520 east 2025 west Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and warmer Monday night and Tuesday Some light snow like ly north and west portions Tues day IN MASON CTY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 22 Minimum l At 8 a m Monday 2 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 27 GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 33 Minimum 17 At 8 a m Sunday 17 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 25 ;