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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 28, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U INSIDE WASHINGTON PanAmerican Confab On Communications in June Central Press Capital Staff Washington Preparations are under way for a PanAmerican conference on communications at Hio de Janeiro in June to be fol lowed after the war by a world conference The federal communications commission revealed before the house appropriations committee that it is engaged inmaking studies and preparing proposals for the state department which may serve as a basis for nego tfations with other western hem isphere nations including Canada After the war said FCC Com missioner E K Jett there will be a world conference to revise the Cairo general radio regula tions which apply to all countries of the world It would be at that conference that we might consider a revision the international worldwide telecommunications co n v e ra tion that was adopted in Madrid in 1932 and also a revision of the Cairo regulations which are an nexedto the convention itself Associated Presi and United Press Full Leased Wires FCC also is planning to allocate 12 commercial channels fores tablishment of a nationwide tele vision system as soon as man power and materials are avail able Congress has been informed that the hig commercial areas will he first to benefit Commissioner Jett has disclosed that will United States to such areas as Boston Providence New York Philadelphia Baltimore and Washington Seven stations would be permitted in New York In the south middlewest and far west he explained where the population is not so congested many small communities also will be able to receive television serv ice television stations probably be limited in northeastern It may change again but right now the administration is plan ning to give in to demands in con gress that the war manpower commission be given control over industrial job referrals which would be made under the May labor draft bill In this way administration forces hope to headoff a substi tute bill which would scrap the labor draff measure and simply r legalbacking to the WMC voluntary manpower con tto Vs The plan is as follows The house bill would be amend ed By placing responsibility over labor draft and freezing fea tures in the hands of War Mobil izer James F Byrnes Byrnes would delegate to WMC the job of referring drafted labor to war plants He would delegate to the war food administration the task of assigning dratted labor to farm production that is to the extent the labor draft device would be used to aid essential food production or harvesting Local draft boards would have responsibility of selecting men ivho would be assigned to war jobs under the bill The admin istration plan is calculated to ap peal to the farm bloc A definite belief as to when the war in Europe will beover is seen in the announcements on the Big Three conference at Yalta This possibility was raised when the allied leaders announced that a united nations conference would be held at San Francisco April 25 President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin said the meeting would be held to prepare a charter of a world security organization This caused many observers in Wash ington to feel that the Big Three anticipates the European war will be ended by that time Postmaster General Frank Walker recently sworn in to head the sprawling United States postal system for another 4 years set a new record Hes the first post master general secutive terms to serve 3 con PanAmerican Argues America Cant Support 2 Atlantic Airways Washington CURVPan Ameri can Airways contended Wednes day that restrictions which Euro pean countries will place on future air transport will make it virtual ly impossible for America to sup port more than one transatlantic airline Competition between even two carriers PanAmerican told the civil aeronautics board would re sult in high subsidies high fares and a weakening ot the American position against our foreignflag rivals In a brief prepared for presen tation to the CAB PanAmerican protested against proposals of CAB examiners to award two north Atlantic air routes to American export airlines It said these routes if approved would Pan American in an inferior position to that of the newcomer in the field Its attorneys said PanAmeri can should have a monopoly of north Atlantic routes in order to carry out its program of mass transportation at low rates in 119 Passenger planes Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 88 1945 01 ovo One NO 1Z2 YANKS ACROSS ERFT IN FORGE British Radio Says Russians Now Within Sight of Baltic Sea London Konstan tm K Rokossovskys 2nd White Russian army Wednesday captured the central Pomeranian base of Neustettin in ancho Baltic bdund drive that threatened to trap hundreds of thousands of German troops Marshal Stalin issued a special order of the day announcing the capture of Neusteltin and Prech lau 24 miles to the northeast which he described as important communications centers and pow erful strongholds in the German defense of Pomerania The Berlin radio reported ear lier that thu German amiy had evacuated Neustettin which had been outflanked by the soviet drive into central Pomerania The British radio quoied an unofficial report from Moscow as saying that Russians leading the drive across Pomerania now were m sight of the Baltic Rofcossovskys second White Russian army was reported driv ing within about 25 miles of the Baltic sea northwest of Neustet tin A thrust to the sea would seal off eastern Pomerania the Daruig free state and the north ernpart of the old Polishcorri dor Moscow dispatches said Rofcos sovsky s tanks tankbora e infan try and selfpropelled guns were pushing across tne flooded plains ot Pomerania toward the Baltic and rapidly narrowing the Ger man coastal corridor Soviet front dispatches said a spring thaw in Pomerania had broken up the ice in many rivers and lakes Great patches of the German province were flooded or marshy Lt Gen Kurt Dittmar spokes man for the German high com mand said Germany must expect the Soviets to try to strike a new great blow as soon as at all pos Only 20 miles ahead of the so viet vanguards lay the important fortress of Koeslin astride the last escape railway out at the threat ened area Marshal Konstantin K Rokos sovskys second White Russian army already had cut 2 other railways between Danzig and the BerlinStettin area in the initial stages of its powerful thrust through Germanys Pomeranian defenses Advancing up to 44 miles in the past 4 days second army forces under 22 generals drove a wedge 9 miles wide at its tip and 24 miles wide toward the Baltic Marshal btalin disclosed in an order of the day late Tuesday More than 100 towns and vil lages were captured among them Bublitz 29 miles the Baltic and Z2 miles southeast of Koeslin on the coastal DanzigStettin rail way The fall of Bublitz a junction on a secondary railway between Danzig and Stettin outflanked the German stronghold of Neustettin It miles to the southeast The Soviets also cut a second railway between Danzig and the Stettin Berlin area with the capture of Baldenburg 11 miles southeast of Bublitz Elsewhere along the 3fi mile breakthrough front Rokossov skys forces captured Hammer stein 10 miles cast of Schlochau 8 miles west of Choj mcc and Pollnitz 62 miles south west of Danzig The Germans were in full re treat a soviet communique said More than 2000 of tile enemy were killed in the early phases of the advance while 22 German tanks 46 guns and 7 armored troop carriers were destroyed Say FDR Stalin May Visit Britain London In Lon don said Wednesday that Presi dent Roosevelt and Marshal Stal in possibly might visit Britain during coming months The president is likely to visit first perhaps even before the end of the war with Germany they said Stalin would come later if at all and certainly not before Germany falls Reds Take Neustettin Drive Nearer Baltic CUT OFF MANY NAZI TROOPS Yanks Ready for Assault on Iwo Coast Guam S marines straightened their lines across Iwos central plateau in noquar ter battles Wednesday preparatory to a general assault toward the mountainous north coast A Tokyo broadcast heard by the Australian information de partment listening post said the Americans at last are showing signs of victory on Gains were measured in feet and yards at high cost A front dispatch said the marines were coming up against such heavy de fenses as 2 story cement block houses sunk so deep that they protrude only a couple of feet above the ground There are no apparent exits to these Press mammoth vaults United War Correspondent Lisle Shoemaker reported from Iwo There may be underground tun nels but it would not be sur prising if the Japs had sealed themselves in for a death stand The third marine division alone has counted 800 pillboxes of all sizes and shapes in its zone op erations at thence nter of the American line Shoemaker said Iwo was the most heavily de fended spot per square inch ever assaulted in warfare Even he most optimistic wont surmise that this assault may be concluded in under 10 days Shoemaker said Admiral Chester W Nimitz an nounced in a communique that the marines made limited gains in an attack Tuesday after re several smallscale enemy attempts t6finffltratethe Ameri can liriesthe previous night Marine artillery naval guns and carrier aircraft supported the attack Best gains though still measured only in yards were made by third division veterans of Guam and Saipan on the central plateau and by the fourth division on the east flank The fifth division on the west flank made little progress Enemy artillery and mortar fire continued heavy throughout Tues day some falling on rear areas and on the beaches The newly captured central plateau airfield was under particularly severe conditions further im fire Beach proved speeding the unloading of supplies Army air force Liberators bombed enemy positions on Iwo Tuesday The 4 engined bombers went in at 3500 feet altitude and even lower for pinpoint destruc tion of enemy installations with 500 pound bombs Russian Commissar Arrives in Bucharest Moscow Vice For eign Commissar Andrei Vishinsky has arrived in Bucharest it was disclosed Wednesday amid re ports of considerable tension be tween Premier Gen Nicolae Had escu and national democratic front forces Vishinskys visit to the Romania capital was not explained official although it followed soviet complaints that Radescu had not fully complied with armistice terms for a complete purge of pronazi elements and a demo cratization of the country Weather Report FORECAST Masoil City Mostly cloudy Wed nesdaynight and Thursday oc casional light rain or snow late Wednesday night or Thursday no decided change in tempera ture Low Wednesday night 15 Iowa Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday light rain or snow in the west and ex treme south parts late Wednes day night or Thursday no de cided change in temperature cloudy with very light snow in extreme northwest and in extreme north central portions Wednesday night and Thursday Warmer south and somewhat colder in extreme north central portions Wednesday night rising tem peratures in Upper Red River valley IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 31 Minimum Tuesday 13 At 8 a m Wednesday 15 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 24 ROOSEVELT TO GIVE REPORT TO UA THURSDAY Returns From Big Three Conference With Buoyant Hopes Washington President Roosevelt returned Wednesday from the Crimean conference with buoyant hopes for an enduring peace and worldwide reduction of armaments Back from a 5week 14000 mile journey to Russia by cruiser and plane Mr Roosevelt planned A report in person to congress and the country Thursday or Fri day on the meetings at which he Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin the final defeat of a doomed Ger many and strong machinery for perpetuating eventual peace An appearance at a united na tions conference opening in San Francisco April 25 As official host Mr Hoosevelt probably will welcome and address the dele gates Another of his periodic meet ings with Churchill after the San Francisco parley has finished its work The British freauently have suggested that the president visit London Mr Roosevelt came ashore at an east coast port Tuesday night arid reached Washington AVednes daytmoriiing by special Jraiu He 1 eft here January 22 for 8 days of momentous talks on war and peace in the old summer palace of the Tsars at Yalta The only other stops on the round trip were in Malta Egypt and Algiers In Egypt the president conferred with King Farouk and with the rulers of Efhiopia and Saudi Ara bia The return trip included a speed run through the Straits of Gibraltar at a time when nazi submarines were lurking nearby Before moving into catchup conferences and a slack of chores that piled up during his absence Mr Roosevelt faced a sorrowful interlude the burial at noon Wednesday in Arlington National cemetery Maj Gen Edwin M Watson who died at sea February 20 of Watson executive to Yalta as secretary and military aide The accounting to congress and the nation on he 2nd meeting of the hip 3 will be broadcast from the well of the house chamber It will be his first appearance at the capitol in more than 2 years At a news conference aboard ship as his cruiser zigragged to ward American shores Mr Roose velt already had reviewed the Crimean conference and spoken of his aspirations for future world security He disclosed to reporters for 3 major news services who met him in Algiers and traveled home with him that the original plan for occupation of Germany was for Russia to take over the east ern area Britain the west and northwest and the United States the south This country was to nave the area below the bend of the Rhine at Slainz including the provinces of Baden Bavaria and Wurttembcrg with a supply cor Tidor to the sea at Bremen on the north a cerebral hemorrhage accompanied the chief The arrangement change particularly s subject to in the pro posed British and American zones because of a decision to of fer France an opportunity to keep a thumb on part of the reich The president was not ready to say how l6ng American troops might remain in Germany Mr Roosevelt viewed the con ference at Yalta as one of a series of steps toward a better world Almost with exultation he said the American public and press were quite right in saying with virtual unanimity that the parley was a great achievement He said he believed the united nations organizationwill develop into the best method ever de vised for stopping war and eradi cating some of its causes Mr Roosevelt even visualized Germany and Japan as future members of the organization at such time as they have proved themselves worthy of places in it But he was insistent that they first must purge themselves re verse militaristic tendencies they have shoivn for decades and dem onstrate an ability to live peace ably among nations YANKS TAKE SHELTER IN rt TT c they take shelterbehbd a low wall to avoid heavyenemy scarred Juehch Germany after they had crossed the Roer river in a army crouch as in battle urprise assault Planes Support Yank Troops As Japs Fall Back to Fight in Watershed East of Manila of TS Gen Douglas mounting offensive rican troops and swarms of bombers and Mac also brought the complete destruction of Japa nese remnants on Verde Island off the southern tip of Luzon Elimin ation of all but several hundred enemy stragglers on Corregidor and new heavy aerial blows on the Japanese from Formosa to French IndoChina A Japanese Domcl patch said American bombers had been taken to Clark field on Luzon from Leyte and apparently were operating from the big airdrome Units of the 6th infantry division paced the drive toward Luzons east coast and captured Mt Mata ba 13 miles northeast of Manila to knock a hole in the enemys Ko bayashi line The southern and western slopes of Mt Pawagan also were secured by the 6th division troops who drove to within 2 miles of the eastwest MonlalbanWawa high way First cavalry division forces however encountered fierce ene my resistance at Antipole 8 miles south of Mt Mataba and 11 east of Manila The Japanese unloosed heavy artillery mortar and machine gun fire in a desperate defense of An tipolo whose fall would give the first division control ot the high way running north from Laguna bay to the 6th infantry front in the north of American planes from fighters to heavy Liberator oombers steadily supported the ground drive through the Mara kina watershed The Liberators alone plastered the Japanese troops positions with 153 toris of high explosives while fighters and attack bombers raked the enemy lines from lowlevel A communique disclosed that large quantities of enemy equip ment and ordnance were captured or destroyed in the last 24 hours on the Marakina front They in cluded 29 artillery pieces of vari ous calibers 9 machine guns 39 caissons and 138 motor vehicles On the far northern Luzon front 25th division troops continue their drive northward toward the Ca gayan valley and captured Car ranglan 13 miles northeast of San Jose Marine diveWmbers raided Echague airfield in the valley de stroying 7 buildings around the airstrip The campaign on Corregidor was reduced to a moppingup of the enemy remnants at the narrow eastern end of the island A spokesman said the remaining Japanese trapped in a pocket of less than one mite could be count ed in the hundreds Additional explosions rocked the Malinta tunnel on Corregidor and heavy smoke poured from the western entrance indicating the Japanese were continuing their policy ot selfextermination Liberator bombers again hit the Japanese on land and sea from Formosa along the China east coast to French IndoChina NO SIORE DRUNKS Denver was blotted off Denver police blotters when the midnight curfew rang Police said precurfew arrests for drunkenness averaged 20 to 30 in the early morning hours but on the first night after the curfew was invoked no drunks were ar rested US REACHES COMPROMISE Would Use Force Against Aggression During Wai Mexico City The United States delegation has reached a tentative compromise on the dec laration of Chapultepec which would accept a commitment to put down aggression by force in this hemisphere during the war emer gency The stand was nkch Wednesday morning after a series of hasty meetings it was learned on best authority The delegation has split on whether the United States should accept the Latin American pro posal to bind the American nations to guarantees of territorial integ rity and political independence expected backed by armed might A final decision is when Senator Tom1 Connally D chairman of the foreign re lations committee arrives Wednes day afternoon WLB Authorizes Rise in Minimum Wages to 55 Cents an Hour Washington nations employers were authorized by the war labor board Wednesday to in crease their minimum wage rates to 55c an hour The WLB said its action opened the way for general wage in creases for 4000000 workers earning less than that rate The workers are employed in tex tiles lumbering cotton seed oil and turpentine industries and service trades including depart ment stores WLB Chairman William H Davis emphasized that the de cision was not a general order on every manufacturer to increase minimum wages to 55 cents an hour But he said it opens the way for employers or employers and unions jointly to apply or permission to increase their rates to that figure The WLB said it was a further step toward the elimination of wage rates insufficient to main tain a decent standard of Mving Extend LendLease Credits to France Washington United StaJes Wednesday announced ex tension of lendlease credits to France for civilian supplies to taling 52575000000 The supplies are to continue moving to the French under a broad new lendlease agreement signed Wednesday with the De Gaullegovernment even after the end of the war unless President Roosevelt decides to cancel the contracts as being not in the na tional interest The French agreed to pay for the materials thus received on a 30year basis the credits to bear interest at 2j per cent annually Vote Down Opposition to Polish Plan London The house of commons by an overwhelming vote of 336 to 25 late Wednesday defeated a motion of protest against the Big Threes plans for the future of Poland The vote came after Foreign Secretary Eden declared the plan would make postwar Poland as strongor in 1939 and after he denied vigorously that Britain had ever guaranteed Polands prewar frontiers took thefloor HIo fight off a challenge by a rebellious out numbered servative group porty from the against full Hedged support of the Big Threes Crimea charter decisions A vote was scheduled Wednes day night on the conservative groups proposed amendment to a general motion of confidence in the Yalta decisions This amend ment Is critical of the Polish as pects The confidence motion is o be voted upon Thursday night Eden emphasized that Britains dealings with the Polish govern ment in London were the re sponsibility ot Prime Minister Churchills entire coalition cab inet We have worked as a united xvar cabinet and whether right or wrong its decisions are those of the united war cabinet he said An open bid for Russian par ticipation in the war against Ja pan was voiced in commons Maj G E P Thorneycroft conservative told the house we are faced with a long and ardu ous and probably costly campaign against the Japanese and solemn ly added We cannot compel the Rus sians to share the burden of that campaign but if cooperation means anything the greatest co operation we could ask for would be that of Russia in thai war HIT FREIGHT YARDS IN RHINE 1100 Bombers Raid GermanTargets London than 1100 U S heavy bombers struck at least 5 major freight yards in a 100 mile circle behind the Rhine Wednesday in the 3rd week of n nonstop offensive against Ger man communications Targets in the attack included Kassel Soest 15 miles southeast of Hamm Sieficn 40 miles cast of Cologne and Schwerle and Hagen both in the southeast corner of the Ruhr RAF Lancastcrs made a con centrated attack on the Nordstem benzol plant near Gelsenkirchen in another punch at nazi oil sup plies Berlin was hit for the Bth straight night with blockbuster bombs Tuesday night as the of fensive against the German rail way system entered the 3rd week U S loth air force heavy bomb ers and 12th air force mediums from Italy struck the Brenner Pass rail German es cape or supply route from Wednesday in one of the heaviest bombings of that line Fighter bombers staged raids along the western front Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcllc carrier boy 9TH SCATTERS NAZIS BEFORE DUESSELDORF Germans Retreating Across Rhine Plain in Great Disorder Paris army tanks and battled within BVa miles of Cologne Wednesday night after hrowing 3 bridgeheads across the Eirt river Only flat plains lay ahead to the great city on the Rhine Wide 9th army sweeps through disordered German resistance im periled the Ruhr administrative center of Duesscldorf already in artillery range Germans west of the Rhine realize the jigis up and arc with drawing their artillery a 9th army officer said at dusk In the center tt Gen George S Pattens 3rd army captured the military highway center of Bit Bastogne of Germany Third army tanks were curlinc about ancient Trier In an encir cling threat The Germans retreated across the Rhine plain before the massed and growing might the Ameri can 1st and 9th armies in the big gest breakthrough since Nor retreat which was vir tually a vout By dusk 1st army tanks and self propelled guns had crossed the Erft and the bridgehead had been widened The battle moved deeper liilo tiie flat plains leading to Co logne but no nearer the city since the bridgehead is north of the deepest penetration toward the metropolis Strong indications are that the enemy is capable of making only a rearguard fight to the Rhine and unable to muster sufficient strength to halt the powerhouse twin drives by the 9th andlst armies AP Correspondent Don Whifehead reported from within sight of Cologne at 5 p m A dispatch from Field Marshal Montgomerys headquarters said the whole front in the Rhineland sprang forward At last reports the 9th and Canadian armies were less than 30 miles apart A swift junction might trap the 10 divisions opposing the Canadian army and those strung along the Maas Meuse around the Dutch towns of Hoermond and Venlo The speed of the 1st armys war of movement in the outer de fenses of Cologne was attested by the capture of the Erft river bridge intact The move was so fast that ob viously the Germans were caught unprepared AP Correspondent Don Whitehcad reported from Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges head quarters The crossing was made in a marshy area where the 100foot river is canalized except for one small and shallow stream on the east side The Erft was crossed also at a place where there was no bridge Americans were up to the river on a wide front and American ar tillery was raining shells into the Vorgcbirgc a ridge filled with brown coal just beyond the stream In the 12 hours up to a m battlefront the 1st army cleared out the towns of Esch Elsdorf Angelsdorf Vettweiss and Honningen and had driven to a point near Grimich Part ot Nor yenicher was cleared Since open ing the offensive 6 days ago the 1st army has captured 60 towns east of the Roer river and more than 6000 Germans for a total since DDay ot 251231 So sivifl was the progress across the Cologne plain that many Ger man units were isolated from Ibcir high command and for this season the blackout was imposed upon 9th army movements Further advances were being made however AP Correspond ent Roger D Greene wirelessed from Montgomerys headquarters In 6 days the 9th army has counted 8203 Germans who have streamed into prison cages and many hundreds still are to be tallied British troops at tlic Canadian army in the north captured lone and bitterly defended Calcar without firing a shot They took llenncpel south of Grieth on the Rhine giving the allies 3 more miles of fooling on the west bank of the wiflc river Ilanselacr im mediately east of Calcar fell German defenses on the IMaas weakened At several points white flags appeared on houses Gen Henry Crerars Canadian army had cleared 44 meandering miles of the western bank of the Rhine from north of Nijmegen to Honncpe South of Calcar the Canadians with tanks and flame throwers battered 500 yards into defenses hidden in the dank Hochwald Zantcn fir forest within cannon shot of the Ruhr ;