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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 28, 1942, Mason City, Iowa COMP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII PHESS AND UNITED PRESS FUli LEASED WIRES F1VB CENTS A COPY nuux THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 281942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 120 FLEET NEAR JAVA ROUTED Battering in Night Long Battle BRITISH CHUTISTS MAKE RAID IN OCCUPIED FRANCE1 WRECK GERMAN RADIO POST IN SUDDENATTACK SeaBorne Infantry Joins in Assault Protected by RAF LONDON British parachutists and seaborne in fantry combined Saturday in a destructive attack on a German radio detector post in the first sizable incursion of the northern French coast since the fall of France Under cover of a protecting umbrella of Royal Air Force fighters and with navy assistance the raiders then withdrew Timed to the minute the par aehutists dropped out of the I to form hastily as an as N WlflK group against the German J tavvrtson at the same tune that ferried across the EnK ichannel landed on the i fjymg forces the two detach which a military spokes In said could not be assumed tobe small dealt a onetwo to Widespread Raids on Nazis LONDON successful British parachutist and com mando attack on the northern coast of France was described in unofficial military sources Sat urday as a prelude to wfdc spread invasion raids ajainst the German army in Europe The attack in which air army and naval forces participated believed to be part of a plan by which the British if they cannot open a second front in Europe will open and close at their own convenience a dozen subsidiary fronts Such a plan of stabbing at tacks In force would create a rear diversion in the west and weaken tbe German forces as semWinff for a new offensive against Russia in the spring these sources said punch to the nazi force while demolition squads wrecked the radio stations Then they departed as quickly as they had come leaving behind a ruined location post and a dis persed force of German guards Early Saturday afternoon a military spokesman in London said it was not yet known wheth er ships bringing the raiding par ties back had yet landed In Eng land The spokesman said the pos sibility of a major air battle be tween German bombers dealing an aerial counterstroke and the RAF fighter umbrella can not be denied Apparently this meant that possibly German bombers might be attempting to destroy the ships the homeward bound troops in the English channel arid were meeting stiff opposition from British fighter planes No mention was nude in a joint air army and navy com munique of the location of the raid except on the north coast of France Some British resources pre dicted that this feat by hardbit ten parachutists and infantry might be the opening gun of a lvls01 senes of stabs against the Ger a house of commons mans long exposed flank from seech oy Sir Archibald Sinclair the Arctic circle to the Bay of air secretary The attack against a radio post which presumably was used to detect British bombers cross ing the channel was the first ma jor British raid on northern Eur ope and also the first reported use of parachutists since the raid on southern Italy Feb 14 1941 The raid apparently was on a large scale since the troops were mentioned specifically as in since the last of the BEF left Brest June 18 1940 a few days JEP the Frerlch armistice The use of an airborne divts nn suggested that the British RongooNotive Wonders Where too Order Court for Short andKimmel thP nnvp Va Vi airoa saon the native had fled the Buimebe capital once only to return Mding his baby tells his woes lailroad station When the picture was taken Report Yank Flyers Downed JflpC MKQ Tfl oo T TT iiinuw iu 88 Jap Planes in 48 Hours Flying Tigers Drive Off Repeated Nippon Attacks on Rangoon Hears Army Wants Tough Men Writes I Murdered a Man AIJ3UQUERQUE N Mex Jones told Federal Judge Colin Neblett he had heard the army needed tough he wanted to be a sergeant Thats why Jones explained he falsely wrote in his selective ser vice questionnaire under felony convictions I murdered a man The judge placed Jones on pro bation with the stipulation that if the army took him charges would be dismissed British Score Direct Hit on Axis Ship in Harbor at Tripoli CAIRO bombs scored a direct hit on a ship at Tripoli in a heavy raid Thursday night on that port for axis sup plies to North Africa a British communique reported Saturday The ship was set on fire and there were several explosions the war report said It said air activity increased Friday over the whole Libyan front Six British planes were re ported missing might employ this had been trained secretly since Ihe fall of a series of extended raids on occupied territory The formation of an airborne division was first mentioned of The hutists all are volun teers Ten men can leave a plane in six or seven seconds Canisters containing weapons ammunition equipment and food are dropped simultaneously from the bomb racks NAZIS CLAM PRESSURE FORCED BRITISH TO RETIRE BERLIN From German Broad casts German high command reported Saturday that British parachute troops over came weak coastal defenses on the northwest coast of France Friday night and said they with drew by sea two hours later un der pressure of German counter measures AMERICAN VOLUNTEER GROUP HEADQUARTERS China flyers Saturday were credited withdeslroying ap proximately 88 Japanese planes in 48 hours fighting over Burma The American flyers aiding the RAF over Burma were un derstood to have driven off re peated Japanese attacks on Rangoon and escorted British bombers smashing at Japanese bases if The most intense fighting was on AVednesday and Thursday with later reports fragmentary The American Flying Tigers met 12 Japanese bombers and 25 pursuit planes over Rangoon on Thursday and shot down nine and probably four more without loss to themselves it was announced The Japanese attack was de scribed as retaliation for a raid by the AVG earlier in the day on Moulmein in which 11 modern pur suit planes were destroyed on the ground Col Claire Chennault commander the Americans said Friday the AVG destroyed 34 planes in Thailand Thursday and had destroyed 11 on the ground at one point It was not clear wheth er the actions were separate The Japanese were more help less than usual in the Moulmein fight it was said Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Saturday after noon and Saturday night Low est temperature Saturday night 5 IOWA Little change in tempera ture in east and central por tions warmer near thi Mis souri river Saturday afternoon and Saturday night Light snow in southwest portion late Sat urday night MINNESOTA Little change in temperature east and south not so cold northwest Saturday aft ernoon and Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 33 Minimum Friday night 15 At 8 a m Saturday 16 YEAR AGO Maximum 15 Minimum 4 SMASH BURMA Situation Described by British Commentator as Very Serious LONDON The Japanese are massing troops for a renewed smash toward Rangoon and the Burma front situation is very serious a British commentator acknowledged Saturday He admitted that reports the Japanese had cut the road and railroad north of Pegu probably were true and emphasized the strength of the imminent Japa nese onslaught against British troops holding the lines west of the Sittang river The Japanese infantry suffered 2000 casualties in a series of bull like rushes against a small British force holding a bridgehead across the Sittang the commentator added Ianked for two days Despite heavy losses the British held on and on Feb 23 withdrew across the river as blew up the bridge engineers WASHINGTON by court martial were ordered Satur day for Maj Gen Walter C Short and Rear Admiral Husband E Tvimmpl irt r Lli i 1 ojiui L tuu jauur ilusoand fc Kimmel commanders in charge of Hawaii at the time ot the successful surprise attack by the on Poai1 Harbor Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of Navy Kiiox made the announcement Stimson said in a brief an nouncement that 011 the basis of the findings of tiie Roberts in quiry commission he had directed the preparation of charges al leging dereliction of duty This was the chargo made against Admiral Kimmel Short and Kimmel have been without assignment since they were ordered relieved from their posts by President Roose velt 10 days after the surprise air raid on thc Pacific outpost Shorts application for volun tary retirement was accepted ef fective Saturday without condo nation of any offense or prejudice to any future disciplinary action The secretary of war an nounced at the same time that based upon the findings of the report of theRoberts commission lie directed the preparation of charges for the trial by court martial of General Short alleged dereliction ot duty The secretary war made it clear however that the trial upon these charges would not be held until time as the public interest and safety would permit Kimmels retirement likewise has been accepted effective March The war departments announce ment said The secretary of war an nounced Saturday the acceptance effective Feb 28 1942 of the ap plication for retirement of Major General Walter C Short without condonation of any offense or prejudice to any future disciplin ary action The Kimmel action was an nounced in navy communique No 47 which follows The secretary of the navy an nounced Saturday the acceptance effective March 1 1942 of the ap plication for retirement of Rear Admiral H E Kimmel U S navy without condonation any of fense or prejudice to any future disciplinary action The secretary of the navy an nounced at the same time that based upon the findings of the records of the Roberts commission he had directed the preparation of enveloping charges for the trial by court mar t tial of Rear Admiral Kimmel al v r mr mme a its way back to the present leging dereliction of duty The ThJ fighting secretary of the navy made it Ti i bridgehead clear however that the trial upon was 1 1 small but gallant action It these charges would not be held the until such time as the public in Duke of Wellingtons infantry and terest and safety would permit the king s own Yorkshire light in fantry participated Attacking in greatly superior force the Japanese battered at the British bridgehead garrison Kimmel 60 was born in Hen derson Ky Under naval retire ment regulations he will receive a retired pay of a year pend ing the outcome of the trial Short a native of Fillmore 111 will be 62 on March 30 and his rank and military service likewise entitles him to retirement with annual pay of f WAtTES C SHORT HUSBAND E KIM3IEL the German 113th and the Ru manian were routed with loss of 7500 men killed cast said 1340 more Germans from Leningrad Of potentially greater ttitnk aiuiie IfalililUij nub bui in the bitter eastern struggle was Dutch leaders hopes the possibility that Russia is whit Ankara said the eastward move ment of axis forces o Russia was increasingly heavy and that a new shipment of 300000 men might be expected within 10 days In London the soviet war news foresaw oil as the nazis1 achilles heel It said the Germans had to spend their reserves at a rate of about 1000000 tons a month last year to make up the deficit be tween all they could obtain and their needs at home and at the front LOCAL JAYGEES LOSE 6035 BURLINGTON MjThe M son City junior college basketball j Sea Battle NAZIS TRY TO SEND HELP TO TRAPPED FORCE Russians Shoot Down Huge Transport Planes Jammed With Troops By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Dispatches from Moscow Satur day said the Russians were shoot ing down giant nazi transport planes jammed with troops fresh from training in Germany for Adolf Hitlers heralded big spring being rushed to the front in a desperate attempt to reinforce and save the German 16th army trapped near Staraya Russia Soviet frontline dispatches said red army runners and fly ers iverc blasting repeated nazi attempts to land airborne Iroons and supplies to the 96000 Germans caught in the Russian encirclement Russian military quarters said the steel jaws of the trap were steadily tightening and that the Germans faced a choice of sur render or death in the frozen marshes 140 miles below Lenin grad A bulletin from Hitlers head quarters silent on the crisis at Staraya R u s s a acknowledged that the Russians were attacking in heavy force supported by tanks and aircraft in front of Sevas topol and on the Kerch peninsula in the Crimea The communique said another strong tankled Russian attack was stopped on the Donnets river front in the Ukraine where the Russians have been hammering at the gates of Kharkov and toward Dnicperopelrovsk As the Russians pressed their winterend offensive at both end of the eastern front new signs were reported as indica tions hat the Germans were fcclinp a pinch on manpower and fuel Still without divulging specific place names the Russians re ported new advances for the red imes may ex army and said that at one point plain why Java has not yet been in the south two axis stormed The Dutch say also that the Japanese have failed to knock the united nations air defenses and in the north a Russian broad bases on this pre By ROGER D GKEENE Associated Press War Editor American and allied warships were officially declared to have won a third great victory over the Japanese fleet Saturday hurling back an invasion armada of sev eral tens of ships in a thunder ous battle off the united nations citadel at Java Imperial Tokio headquarters is suing its own claim of victory isscrted in an English language propaganda broadcast that the Japanese fleet had sunk four al lied craft and is pursuing the enemy fleet Java is the last allied strong hold in the Indies ant the final barrier guarding the approach to Australia Twice before Japans seaborne invasion hordes had been defeated in Indies the battle ot Macassar strait and Lombrok strait off Bali A Reuters British news agency dispatch said the Java sea battle was the biggest naval engagement of the war in the Facific Heavy losses were being suf fered on both sides United States Dutch and Brit ish warships and submarines supported by American Austral ian and Dutch planes rushed out to meet the huge Japanese inva sion armadaFriday afternoon as it approached Javas northeast coast After nightfall dazzling flashes of gunfire lit the waters and a bright tropical moon enabled planes to remain in the battle British dispatches said the Java sea fight began when the Japa nese attempted to invade the 620 mile long island from both ends sending one force toward Batavia on thewest and another toward the big Soerabaja naval base on the east Specific claims were advanced by the Japanese Imperial head quarters said an allied cruiser and tiiree destroyers had been sunk and Dornei reported a Brit ish cruiser of the Exeter class put out of action ablaze under two bomb hits The Japanese however were silent on their own losses United States cruisers destroy ers and submarines have battled the Japanese in indies waters previously but it was not known what classes of ships had teamed up with the Dutch in this engage ment The Java sea is an invasion route from Japanese spring boards on Borneo or Sumatra and its control is essential for the Japanese before they can launch their anpar cntlr behind assault yf v The losses they already have suffered at sea straining their long ocean supply lines may ex ALLIED NATIONS SMASH EFFORT TO INVADE JAVA Scrambled Invasion Ships Believed to Be ReForming for Attack BANDOENG Java Warships of the united na tions iking back Saturday an attempt by a huge fleet Japanese warships and trans ports to storm the Soerabajii naval base and invade Java but Saturday night the ar mada was believed reforming somewhere in the Java sea for a second onslaught Battered and scrambled in a nightlong battle the Japanese warships and their train of many transports retreated northward and at p m 7 a m C W T the quasiofficial Anetn news invasion necessity that the In y a e n were killed and an artillery batdies willing sacrifice of resources tery and six more pillboxes were has robbed them vital time destroyed in the soviet thrust and supplies and that guerrilla warfare on the occupied stepping weight stone islands has surpassed even But beyond the Indies evident ly lics sti11 a Japanese as ese as report from pjration and the outcome of th team was eliminated from the state tournament here Saturday afternoon in the semifinals 6035 naval battle may bear on it That ambitious plan is to strike westward into the Indian ocean to loot India slice Red sea supply lines and ultimately lie up with Germany somewhere east of Suez The Japanese air raids In the Bay of Bengal this week were a sign of what may come With a curiously belligerent Russia and Japan arc at least nominally Japan Times and Advertiser pointed out in a dispatch broad cast by the Tokio radio that Singapores fall put Japanese warships in a position to prey on American and British shipping northward from the Cape of Good Hope and destroy the whole MaAnSlo50viet plan ot material co operation Singapore however cannot a secure gateway to the Indian ocean as long as the united lions hold Java on ils flank Hears Several Jap Warships Are Lost LONDON London Star reported from Batavfa without confirmation Saturday that Japan lost several warships and about five transports In fighting with American and Dutch forces off Java The Star correspondent John Elmore re ported that an enormous Japa nese convoy protected by a score of warships had attempted to start lie invasion of Java but was driven off in disorder to the north in the direction of Borneo agency said it may be stated with absolute certainty there has been ro landing of Japanese troops anywhere on Java Action at sea still was beinp joined late Saturday afternoon but informed united nations sources here said Hie bulk of the invasion fleet apparently in the process of reorganizing for a renewed attempt to land troops probably in the vicinity of the naval base The approach of the Japanese sea force was preceded by re peated air raid alarms at Soera baja but each time approaching enemy planes were driven off by antiaircraft fire before any bombs could be dropped The Dutch said several lens of ship in the continental equi valent to scores were in the in vaders stronglyprotected convoy first scattered and then pursued by the allied warships Unspecified losses on both sides were acknowledged The first unofficial reaction in Bandoeng was that the com munique was the most cheerinir since the battle for and therefore for he Netherlands East Indies loomed Twice before the United Slaies and Dutch fleets have teamed to inflict resounding de feats on the Japanese sea power in Macassar strait and in the Strait of Lombok off Bali The Dutch said there were losses on both sides of the Java sea fight which began late Thurs day and raged into the night But early accounts did not give the extent In other areas the communique reported Dutch successes in fight ing on the southern northeast of Java in central Su matra where the Japanese arc at tempting to consolidate their po sitions for an assault on western Java and on the halfDutch half Portuguese island of Timor cast of Java The Dutch said their troops had inflicted serious losses on the Jap anese on Timor The war report also told of raids on the port of Bafavia and an airfield in western Java But it was the massed battle ot Java sea which held the attention of the Dutch and their allies The earlier N E I communique said in part In the afternoon of Feb 27 a strong Japanese fleet which cov ered a convoy approaching from the north was attacked in Java sea by an allied squadron In the course of the fifhlinr which also continued after dark ness had fallen losses were sustained on both sides The ex ;