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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1963, Mason City, Iowa Elthons tax proposal See story on page 2 HQME EDITION 0 S will confine Castroism Rusk VOL 1W The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 27 1963 copy No 16 Reichstag ignited hate wave Says Nazis applied torch 5000yearold lizard A fib Soviets confess EDITORS NOTE Thirty years ago Wednesday the building in Berlin went up in flames setting off a chain of Nazi crimes against the world On hand was a veteran AP correspondent who is now chief editor of The Associated Press German language serv ices in Europe This is his story By RUDOLF E JOSTEN BERLIN was a fantas tic sight The huge glass dome of the Reichstag building was aglow There was a sudden explosion and the glass cupola burst into fragments Flames shot into the wintry sky Sixty fire engines raced to the blaze Hundreds of police and brownshirted Nazi storm troopers encircled the area The time about 10 27 1933 History books mark this as the incident the Nazis used to unleash their reign of terror that led final ly to millions of dead in World War II Since that date no German Parliament has sat in the Reich stag building The Nazis used other building War wrought further damage The old Reichstag has become a symbol of the cold war which divides Germany prevents the formation of an allGerman Parli ament and keeps Berlin from re gaining its status as capital of Germany Today the Reichstag stands within yards of the Berlin wall built by the Communists who now occupy half the old capital and half of Germany That night the storm troopers refused to let me through although I showed my press pass Im sure they set fire to it them selves said a voice behind me as tens of thousands gathered to watch the blaze Black limousines drove up I saw Adolf Hitler propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels and Her mann Goering Four weeks earlier Hitler had been appointed chancellor by the aging Reichspresident Field Mar shal Paul von Beneckendorf und Hindenburg The Nazis were not yet firmly established In the elections in November 1932 they had lost two million votes Their seats in the Reichstag had been cut from 230 to 196 the Communists were the biggest gainers With the next general election just one week away the fire could not have been timed better for the Nazis Hitler called it the signal for a nationwide Red uprising Hundreds of Communists thrown into jail many beaten to death or shot Marinus van der Lubbe a 24 yearold Dutch worker and inde pendent Communist was arrested inside the burning Reichstag He told police he had had no helpers in setting the fire Within days Ernest Torgler parliamentary leader of the Communist party and three Bulgarian Communists were arrested and charged with plotting the fire Van der Lubbe was sentenced to death by guillotining Torgler and the three Bulgarians were acquit ted for lack of had not yet been completely Nazi ficd Scores of books have been writ ten about the fire Some contend that Van dor Lubbe was a Nazi stooge While the Nazis blamed Commu nists for the fire most historians btlieve the Nazis started it MOSCOW UPI A Soviet professor whose name was linked to a claim that 5000 yearold lizardlike tritons had been brought back to life in Si beria said Wednesday the story was pure fantasy The author of this tale should be punished said Prof Lev LosinoLosinsky head of the cosmic biology lab oratory at Leningrads Insti tute of Cytology LosinoLosinsky said he had warned the writer of the re vived lizard tale ahead of time not to portray scientific fan tasy as fact The claim that a fourinch long amphibious salamander known as a triton had been re vived after frozen 5000 years in Siberian soil was broadcast by Moscow Radio It triggered a storm of phone calls from correspondents here and abroad seeking more details Overseas a host of scientific eyebrows were raised when the report was given wide cir culation In New York Dr Charles M Bogert of the American Museum of Natural History attributed the reports to some sloppy scientific observation My guess Bogart said is that these lizards reported by Moscow either fell into the excavation or went down a ro dent hole Salamanders are ac tive right down to the freezing point but at a couple of de grees below that they die I do not know where the perma frost extends where they were found I am doubtful it would be freezing at 13 feet Bogart said some sala manders can be frozen in ice and thawed but there is no record of their being frozen for prolonged periods and reviv ing Moscow Radio reporters fin ally admitted they had taken the story from a threemonth old issue of the Leningrad magazine Neva North Iowa Cloudy with scat tered light snow Wednesday night Decreasing cloudiness Thursday Turning much cold er Wednesday night and Thursday with winds changing to northeasterly by evening and northerly Thursday Lows Wednesday night zero to 10 above Highs Thursday in the teens Iowa Snow and turning colder Wednesday night and Thurs day Lows Wednesday night 1015 Highs Thursday 1015 northwest to near 20 south east Further cloudy and not sp cold Friday Minnesota Fair and continued cold Highs Thursday 8 to 18 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Wednesday Maximurn 16 Minimum 13 At 8 am 15 Precipitation 2 snow Banthebooze cry is heard TOPEKA Kan pro hibition movement is rolling across Kansas again staunchly supported by the prairie churches which won the first banthebooze battle 80 years ago Encouraged by success this year in trouncing an attempt to liber alize state liquor laws the Kansas United Dry Forces are zealously promoting a return to prohibition In 1880 Kansas became the first state to outlaw the sale of liquor by a constitutional amendment That amendment withstood all On the inside Society News 11121314 North Iowa News 18 Sports 2122 Clear Lake News 2627 Editorials 28 Latest Markets 32 Mason City News 63233 Comics 36 ews in a nutshell PROM OUR WIRB SfiftVICfiS Influence charge studied WASHINGTON Senate investigators went behind closed doors for the second day of a politically explosive inquiry into the award to a Texas manu facturer of the biggest aircraft contract since World War II They want to know if political influence was involved in the selection of General Dynamics Corp over the Boeing Co as the prime contractor of the movable wing fighter plane Friends betray terrorist PARIS French security agents were accused of kidnaping a French terrorist leader from West Germany in the same way Israeli agents seized Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in May 1960 Police said exCol Antoine Argoud was betrayed by his friends in the terrorist Secret Army Organization He was found beaten and bound hand and foot in the back of a truck near Notre Dame Cathe dral Court f alks religion WASHINGTON Supreme Court Justices Pot ter Stewart and Hugo L Black renewed on the bench their disagreement over whether the Constitution permits religious exercises in public schools By co incidence arguments over use of the Lords Prayer and Bible reading at Baltimore and Philadelphia schools began on Ash Wednesday the start of the Christian Lenten season challenges until 1948 when th voters repealed it in favor of package stores This year hotel and motel op erators trying to attract more tourists and conventions to Kan sas got a bill introduced in the legislature to permit sale of liquor by the drink The drys raised such a fuss that the bill didnt even get out of committee Now the drys have introduced a bill for a referendum on reinstituting prohi bition Leading the campaign against legal liquor is the Rev Roy E Hollomon a retired Baptist min ister who has been jousting with John Barleycorn most of his life Hollomon came to Kansas 12 years ago from Oklahoma where he was active in an unsuccessful campaign to retain prohibition Hollomon says he has allocated for radio and television broadcasts to win support for the new dry campaign The money comes from individuals and Methodists which still regard re peal of national prohibition as a calamity Although many observers be lieve Hollomon will not win com mittee approval of his bill propon ents of legal liquor fear the drys strength in the prairie villages The Kansas Legislature like that of most states is dominated by representatives from rural areas who fear a proliquor vote would be difficult to defend at the polls he legislative struggle begins But fails to quiet probers GOP keeps up prodding WASHINGTON of State Dean Rusk las pledged that Fidel Cas ro will be blocked from rying to export armed at ack His assurances seem unlikely to quiet the crack ling debate over the admin strations handling of the problem Rusk said in Houston Tuesdaj night that if Cuba tries to use arms outsideits territory it wil je met with the armed forces o he hemisphere arid repeatec that a Soviet military presence on that island cannot be accepi ed Use of arms by Cuba outsid the island he said would intercepted interrupted stopped Cuba must not become a sourc of infection for the hemisphere he told a Texas Daily Newspape Association meeting Senate Democratic leader Mik Mansfield of Montana said Rusk statements demonstrate the con tinued determination of the ad ministration to cope with this situation in Cuba There was some Republican skepticism Sen George D Aiken RVt a Foreign Relations committeeman said I wish Secretary Rusk could make that determination retroactive because the Russians apparently are occupying Cuba in force and I understand Soviet made weapons are showing up in considerable quantities in other LatinAmerican countries The Senate Preparedness sub committee heard a report Wednes day on Soviet military strength in Cuba and how much of a threat it is to the hemisphere Maj Gen Robert A Brietweis er chief of Air Force intelligence BOXEDIN BOXER Fudge a Boxer pup with a sore ear who insisted on pawing off the bandages sports a Photofax boxed ear protector Pudges master Ron LaFleur Spokane Wash says ear should be healed in couple of days We would ship back our rockets Nikita ROM OUR WIRE SERVICES MOSCOW Soviet Premier Khrushchev warned Wednesday lat Russian rockets and bomb rs would return to Cuba to age thermonuclear war if the sland were attacked by im erialists Khrushchev thus appeared to cho the hard line policy In a major speech that lasted an hour and 27 minutes Khrush chev also said the Soviets would rush to the aid of any Corn had been called closed session to testify at His command provides the re connaissance photographs which Mansfield said kept a daily check on the islands military status The administration Tuesday add ed 14 ships to the previous lis of 12 vessels banned from carry ing USfinanced cargoes because they engaged in Cuban trade There was a feeling on the par of some members of Congress tha thiswasnt going far enough Rep Paul G Rogers DFla told the House for example tha the United States should close its seaports to all nations which al low their Hags to be flown in commerce with Cuba He said nim British merchant ships put inti Cuba in the last six weeks In his address Rusk did not de he heav n Living costs up again WASHINGTON A 12 per cent increase in food prices boosted the cost of living index in Jan uary The Labor Department reported the index rose to 106 per cent of the 195759 average a 14 per cent increase over a year ago The January increase wiped out a drop in the December index in earnest next Tuesday when the House State Affairs Committee holds its first public hearing on tlie prohibition bill Hen buried in snow four weeks is back on job ALTA VISTA Graver Johnson farmer living near Jerico east of here is show ing a Rhode Island Red hen that was buried under the snow for more than four weeks during a recent cold wave When found near the poul try house from which it had been unintentionally locked out the body was encased in a coating of ice more than two inches thick but the legs were moist and warm The hen had managed to main tain a breathing area around the head and apparently had snow for moisture Only tip of the comb showed signs of frostbite She now is apparently none the worse for the experience appears hale and hardy weighs about 7 pounds and is as good a layer again as her more fortunate henhouse companions Johnson ily armed and manned Soviet out post munist nation that might be at tacked including Communist China He said the Soviet Union had agreed to pull its rockets and bombers out of Cuba but he added gain being Cremlin followed by the ARMED CLASHES ELISABETHVILLE Congo clashes erupted tween Katangan police and cen ral government troops during Tuesday night and at least two soldiers and a policeman were reported killed It doesnt mean we left Cuba to be eaten imperialism by the sharks oi We will come to the aid of the Cuban people The Russian premier turned a local election speech for his home district into a widerang ing policy statement on interna tional affairs His comment on other major cold war issues included Berlin There will be no peace in Europe or the world as long as there is no peace treaty with Germany West Ber lin would go on living after a peace treaty he said and no rentiers would have to changed Nuclear test west can expect no further conces sions fromthe Soviet Union be yond its previous offer of two or three on site nuclear test ban inspections The United States most recent proposal calls for seven such inspections General disarmament Soviet Union is ready to sign a 141 bad checks in 29 Iowa towns Meanwhile the over Kennedys foreign policj thundered on In a fresh attack Sen Bourk B Hickenlooper RIowa accusei the administration of making i impossible for Congressional Re publicans to cooperate on a b partisan foreign policy I Hickenlooper chairman of th Senate GOP Policy CommiUe and member of the Foreign Rela tions Committee told a new conference Republicans couldn1 be expected to go along blindL when they were left out of the decisionmaking process Mansfield said he didnt object to legitimate criticism and that he was not advocating silence by the Republicans But he added It does our country no good to rake over old ashes He indicated he classified n this category argument about the abortive 1961 invasion of Cuba Mansfield said he had backed up the statement of Senate Re publican Leader Everett M Dirk sen of Illinois that four American fliers were killed in the Bay of Pigs fighting because he and other members of Congress had been briefed at the time about the deaths HEADS FOR YEMEN TWITED NATIONS NY Dr Ralph J Bunche the Pales tine peacemaker is heading back to the Middle East Wed nesday in a UN attempt to CHARLES CITY A Oesterich 55 Waverly who is serving five days in the Floyd County jail has admitted pass ing 141 worthless checks in 29 Iowa communities since Oct 22 according to Floyd County Sheriff L L Lane Oesterich was released from jail in Hampton earlier this week after serving five days on a bad check chargevthcre He was wanted in Charles City for passing five bad checks Oesterich whose wife is in a nursing home in Waverly also admitted to passing these worthless checks Oelwcin 6 or 7 Fort Dodge 8 or 10 Waterloo and Evans dale 8 or 10 Mason City 1 Britt 3 or 4 Algona 5 or 6 Emmetsburg 6 or 7 Spencer 6 or 7 Storm Lake 5 or 6 Sac City 2 or 3 Lake City 3 Perry 3 Chariton 1 In dianola 1 Osceola 4 or 5 Adel 4 or 5 Greenfield 5 or 6 Denison 12 or more Avo ca 12 or more Pocahontas 1 Fonda 2 or 3 Independ ence 4 Cedar Rapids 8 or more Corning 4 Creston 6 or 8 Traer 2 Vinton 1 Lane said he expected to file a charge against Oesterich of being an habitual violator of the false drawing and uttering code of Iowa disarmament agreement and has proposed that arms cubs be accomplished in four or five years Economic deve I o p m e n t Boasting that Soviet economic ixpansiori has been growing aster than that of the United States in the past 10 years he said Soviet National income has een going up at the rate of 92 per cent a year The U S average increase he saidhas been 27 per cent Ideological differences In an apparent reference to the So vietRed China ideological rift le said differences and contro versies arising among fra ternal parties would be over come He added that the Com munist parties and the working classes of all countries would rally even closer together under the slogan of Workers of All ountries Unite He said the om munist camp would strengthen its unity despite the hopes of imperialists that it would split SAME calm tensions Yemen in embattled MARDI GRAS float of the Mardi Gras parade makes its way through crowded St Charles Street iir rade Thousands of carnival merry makers lined the streets throughout downtown New Orleans The carnival New Orleans This was the Rex parade ended at midnight as the season of which was followed by the Comus pa Lent began ;