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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI MIWtrAMR THAT MAKES AUI NORTH HOME EDITION VOL LVI1 Associated Preu and United full Ccoti Copyl MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 27 1951 Paptr Comjtto ot Two President Now Limited to 2 Terms United States Decide By DONALD SANDERS Washington now on no president of the United States for Harry be elected to more than two terms And under the 22nd amendment to the constitution which for all practical purposes became law Monday night no man or woman may serve more than 10 years in the white house The amendment while limiting future presidents to two elective terms allows a person who has served two years or less of an term to be elected twice on his own Truman Exempt As president at the time the was approved by the republican controlled 80th con gress Mr Truman was specifi cally exempted Thus he would be permitted to run for a 2nd full term in 1952 even though his white house ten ure would then fall within the ban set out in the new amendment He has not said whether he will run Utah and Nevada legislators acted in quick succession Monday night to approve the amendment Nevada completed action at p m C S becoming the 36th state to ratify the amendment The constitution requires that amendments to it be ratified by threefourths of the 36 at become law A two thirds majority in congress is re AP Wirephoto NEVADA CLINCHES officials imprint the state seal on a legislative resolution making the 22nd amendment limiting presidents to two terms part of the TJ S constitution in a ceremony at Carson City Nevada became the 36th and key state to approve it Monday night Left to right are Secretary of State John Koontz Gqv Charles H Russell and Lt Gov Clifford Jones Lawyer Picked Up Tab on Mink Coat Involved in RFC Loan Maneuver Washington New York furrier testified Tuesday that an mink coat delivered to White House Stenographer Lof etta Young last fall was charged to the account of a Washington lawyer who was handling an RFC loan application for the fur rier Mrs Young is the wife of E Merl Young Washington insur ance man whom senate investi gators have charged wields influ ence on RFC lending through friendship with Donald Dawson an aide to President Truman Louis O Wheeler the furrier said the coat was first charged to Young about Sept 15 1950 but later the charge was switched to the account of Joseph J Rosen baum the lawyer Form of Loan He testified before a senate banking subcommittee which is looking into whether favoritism and influence has figured in RFC loans The subcommittee has al ready reported to the senate that the RFC does yield to influence and named Rosenbaum and Daw son as well as Young as men of influence Young and Rosenbaum called as witnesses told the subcommit tee the coat transaction was a form of loan with Rosenbaum paying for the garment and Young posting some stock as col lateral Young said Rosenbaum had been repaid within the last few months Asked where the money to pay Off the debt came from Young replied it was income derived from premiums on insurance sold to the F L Jacobs Co of De troit He Only Customer agreed when asked by Chairman Fulbright DArk that the Jacobs company was practically the only customer Of the insurance firm Wheeler was unable to produce for the subcommittee the original tales slip he said Young had signed for the mink coat It prob was destroyed he said Fulbright told him it was of some significance whether the coat was first charged to Young Wheeler said there was no doubt ibout it U S Orders Materials Priority Plan Washington The govern ment issued an order Tuesday aimed to assure that every busi ness enterprise public and private nstitution will get limited quan ities of materials needed to keep heir plants and facilities in oper ating condition The order from the national production authority establishes a special priority rating for siip slies for maintenance repair and operations excepting materials oing into endproducts For Repairs Manly Fleischmann the NPA administrator said the new order s designed to enable business anc ndustrial firms schools and other nstitutions to remain in good re pair so that they can operate a1 maximum rate consistent with direct defense requirements He added in a news release that many enterprises andinstitutions are now having great difficulty n obtaining materials and equips ment for such purposes NPAs order permits business concerns and other institutions to apply a priority rating called DO97 to orders for mainte pance repair and operating sup plies without individual authori zation by NPA No Production However this priority rating may not be used to purchase pro duction material which was de scribed as material or parts to se incorporated in end products The rating may be used to pur chase materials for minor capi tal additions defined as additions in which the total cost of ma terials does not exceed each But it may not be used to pur chase major capital items The order applies to all busines enterprises and to any federal state or local governmenta agency It applies also to anj legal public or private institution in the United States specificalij including schools libraries hos pitals churches clubs and wel fare establishments SAME 19507S flar n UtffU la St quired to submit amendments to Jhe states The new amendment could be repealed by the same procedure of course just as the was repealed by the 21st It was ratified on Dec 5 1933 Nevada Puts It Over Nevada legislators had stood by to grab for their state the honor of being the 36th state to ratify he new amendment Minutes after seaming that Utah had approved Nevada senators voted 16 to 1 for ratification The assembly had ap proved earlier 29 to 12 At leasttwo other states were also near ratification nesota and Maryland The Minne sota legislature had suspended the rules to schedule a vote Tuesday afternoon in the hope of becoming the 36th and deciding state to act The amendment has been before the states since March 1947 After an initial spurt of ratifica tion votes interest in the proposal lagged and only 24 states had act ed favorably by the start of this year Then came another rush bring ing approval by legislatures of a dozen states within the past few weeks When it submitted the amend ment to the states congress pro vided that to be effective it had to be ratified by the required num ber within 7 years or before March 26 1954 Rebuke to F D R The amendment when proposed was generally regarded as a re buke to the late President Frank lin Roosevelt who won 4 terms in the white house He thus broke a twoterm precedent set by George Washington who declined to run for a 3rd term James A Farley who split with VIr Roosevelt over the 3rd term aid he was gratified that the mendment had been ratified In a statement issued in New ork Farley recalled he had been he subject of rather harsh criti ism when he opposed the 3rd erm I held this view because it was my inner conviction that the pres dency should be limited to twc erms and that it was so intended y the founding fathers although hey did not put it into law Far ey said He supported Mr Roosevelt in 932 and 1936 and then resigned s democratic national committee hairman after the 3rd term reak Farley also served as post naster general in the Roosevell abinet in the early new deal ars Actually a few formalities still emain to be carried out After the ratification documents re signed in the final states to ct state officials must notify the ederal government in theperson f General Services Administra or Jess Larson who has super ision over the archives Proclaims Law He will then formally proclaim he amendment as a portion of the ations basic law The 36 states which ratified the amendment by years were 1947 Maine Michigan Iowa ansas New Hampshire Oregon Allies Chase Reds Into Korean Mountain Wilds AP Wirephoto NAVYS NEW AIR Rear Adm Thomas S Combs USN has been ordered to duty as chief of the navys bu reau of aeronautics He is now chief of staff of Adm William M Fechteler commanderin chief of the Atlantic fleet Yank Defenders Delay pierce Enerfiy Assault By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo American regiment cracked the main Korean red defenses on the eastcentral battlefront Tuesday after doughboys in the same sector smashed 5 fierce com munist counterattacks The reds were being chased into an uncharted moun Oliver to Pay 60c Dividend New York Corp de clared a quarterly dividend of 6 cents a share Thursday on th common stock payable March 3 to stock of record March 9 Th company previously paid 50 cents llinois Delaware Vermont Cal fornia New Jersey Wisconsin Ohio Colorado Pennsylvania Nebraska Missouri Connecticut 1948 New Yoxk Virginia Mis issippi 1949 North Dakota South Da kota 1950 Louisiana 1951 Indiana Montana Idaho Mexico Wyoming Arkansas National Wage Policy Hangs Fire Rigid Controls Slapped on Use of Natural Rubber By STERLING FvGREEN Washington imminent eclaration of national wage pol cy still hung fire Tuesday but the overnments control program marched ahead to regulate the article range of civilian rubber items in all An order reducing or eliminat ng the use of natural rubber in list of items ranging from auto ires to baby pants and falsies vill be issued by Thursday and vill take effect that day The national production authpr y announced the forthcominj rder Monday night Low Ceilinr By limiting usage of natura rubber to percentages ranging down to zero depending on the ype of product the ordey inef ect will place a 30000ton month y ceiling on civilian consump ion of natural rubber Imports eyond that amount will go into tockpile or military goods Manufacturers will be required o mix synthetic with natural rub ier They wil be permitted a 90 00 ton total consumption of both ypes in March an increase o oughly 5000 tons over thi month Tires for smaller pas enger cars will average not mon han 15 per cent natural rubber arger sizes 22 per cent White idewalls will be banned anc iassenger car tubes will contain ynthetic only The permitted percentages o natural rubber in some othe roducts include Baseball centers 0 per cent golf balls 85 per cent ubber tile flooring most toys anc sponge rubber falsies no nat ural rubber girdles baby pants and elastic thread the minimum which manufacturers find practic Georgia Tennessee Texas North Carolina Utah Nevada Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudines Tuesday night Low Tuesdaj night 25 Rain or snow likelj by Wednesday afternoon high about 34 Iowa Slowly increasing cloudines and cool again Tuesday nigh with low 20 to 25 northeast 3 to 35 southwest Mostly cloudj Wednesday with rain spreading over state from southwest prob ably mixed with snow in ex treme north by Wednesda night High Wednesday 28 to 3 northeast 38 to 45 southwest Winds becoming east to north east 1520 M P H Wednesday Further outlook Low Wednes day night 24 northeast 3 southwest Thursday cloudy rain southeast and rain or snov northeast ending in afternoon High Thursday 34 northeast 4 southwest Minnesota Partly cloudy an colder Tuesday night with a few snow flurries extreme northeast Wednesday mostly cloudy fol lowed by snow mixed with rai extreme south Wednesday aft ernoon or night Low Tuesda night 510 north 1020 south High Wednesday 1020 north 2232 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for the 24 hours ending at 8 am Maximum 44 Minimum 27 At 8 a m 29 YEAR AGO Maximum 17 Minimum 2 able ain wilderness We have broken their main line of resistance said Col Villiam R Quinn commander of he U S 7th division regiment hat broke through the reds on he eastwest highway from Pang nim to Wonju But were not letting them he told AP Correspondent Tom Stone Were going in after hem and were going to sweep them out of the hills and the valleys and caves Light Yank Casualties Quinn said his riflemen and artillerymen were taking a ter rific toll of the enemy Our casualties have been amazingly light he added He described the terrain into which his troops were chasing he reds as wild and unmapped Supplies were being carried on sacks across ridges so steep thai my men literally are having to crawl up them All along the central warfront JN forces moved ahead steadily jut cautiously The 5 Korean red counterat acks were hurled back by the J S 2nd division on the left flank of the 7th division in pre dawn darkness some 15 miles southeast of Hoengsong The fight ing in a howling wind lasted more than 3 hours Field dispatches reported itwas one of the sharpest actions in the weekold renewal of the UN drive to kill maim or capture Chinesi and Korean reds south of paralle 38 air miles inland from the east oast AP Correspondent Leif Erick on at 8th army headquarters aid all 7 American divisions are eing used on a single front under single field commander for the st time in the Korean war The westcentral and western ectors were relatively quiet early Tuesday Milder than the rubber control of World war II the order is de signed to permit continued high volume production while conserv ng natural rubber Officials sai hey expected no noticeable de cline in the appearance perform ance or safety of the product controlled In a number of cases 100 per cent natural rubber specified as for instance in air craft tires Meal Order In another order issued Monday he government ordered meat aackers and other suppliers to fill he needs of hospitals orphanages asylums and prisons The office of price stabilization directed the suppliers to furnish meats to their customers in quantities compara ble to 1950 based on the number of persons to be fed Meantime Economic Stabiliza tion Administrator Eric Johnston was preparing to issue his catch up formula for wage increases ESA officials kept reporters alert ed for the action all day Monday then as night fell advised them to stay on watch Tuesday The by the U S 1st marine ently has thwarted or delayed a Chinese counteroffensive by 4 to 6 armies Chinese Regroup A U S army spokesman sait 100000 Chinese had been shiftec into defense positions He addec that it would require severa weeks for the reds to regroup for any drive against the allies AP Correspondent Nate Polo wetzky reported all evidence along the central front continuec to point to a planned withdrawal behind stubborn rearguard ac tions The disclosure that the 1st ma rine division is pacing the drivi in the midsection of the centra front was the 1st report of tin hardened leathernecks in action since December At that time the marines wrote another vivid chapter in the corps history with a fighting withdrawa from the Changjin reservoir to the northeast coast port of Hungnam They inflicted tremendous losse on the Chinese before boardin ships of an allied evacuation fleet Mopping Up There was no news about th marines after they landed in southeast Korea but it was dis closed they have been mopping jypassed reds since early in Jan uary In Tuesdays action the leather necks south 3 of Cedar Falls Family Killed Lincoln Neb Ce dar Falls Iowa residents were killed Tuesday in a truckcar collision north of Dorchester Neb on highway 6 Dorchester is about 30 miles southwest of Lincoln Russell Souchek Seward coun ty attorney identified the dead as N P Jensen 60 his daughter Mrs Alice Jensen Asmus 33 ana Mrs Asmus daughter 6yearold Mary Jane Asmus The Jensen car was in colli sion with a truck driven by James W Johnson 33 of South Connells ville Pa according to Souchek Johnson enroute to Hastings was not injured The deaths brought Nebraskas 1951 traffic death count to 40 compared to 36 at this time lasl year seized commanding hill and southeast of rubblec Hoengsong The town has becom a nomans land with communist dug in on hills to the north on th approaches to the red strongpoin of Hongchon Hongchon is 16 miles northwest of Hoengsong Later field dispatches said marine patrol entered the eastern outskirts of Koengsong A Chinese demolition teart slipped through the fireblackenec1 town under covering artillery fir and blew a bridge spanning Am mul creek on the south side Determined AP Correspondent Stan Swin ton with the marines reportec that blowing the bridge was re garded as further evidence of Chi nese determination to hold firm before Hongchon A South Korean force clasnei with two Chinese companies abou 5 miles west of Hoengsong on th marines left flank Low clouds and poor visibility limited 5th air force operation Tuesday to 113 sorties v itb clos support of ground forces concen trated on the eastcentral sector But 4 waves of B29 superforts rained 130 tons of fire bombs on red barracks in North Korea 3 miles northeast of Pyongyang th red capital The bombers met ligh antiaircraft fire 7 Divisions The marines are one of 7 U S divisions in the allied line stretch ing irregularly from the Yellov Sea west coast to the eastcentra front town of Pangnim an airlin distance ot 100 miles Pangnim i Dont Send Europe Troops Hoover Warns Washington Pres dent Herbert Hoover said Tues day Europe cant be defendec with less than 100 divisions and here is utmost jeopardy in in volving the United States in a land war there Testifying before the senate for eign relations and armed services committees on the trpopsto Surope issue Hoover said in a prepared statement It seems to me that there ii only one real salvation for Europe at the present moment That is to juild up the air and naval power of the United States and Britain so as to overwhelm Russia in cas of attack Dewey Assailed The former president appearec after Senate Republican Leade Wherry of Nebraska had bitterly assailed Gov Thomas E Dewej and Harold E Stassen for their opposition to his troopsf orEurop resolution Wherry also struck at military advocates of ground warfare say ing congress must break th noose that now hangs over our air force The committees are considering resolution by Wherry which wouli put the senate on record as op osed to President Truman send ing more troops to Europe unti congress has adopted a policy on the issue Wherry argued that Dewey re sorted to the tactic of smearing the resolution in testimony befor the committee last week and con tended Stassen was confused about the meaning of the Norti Atlantic defense pact Hoover sided with Wherry ant Senate G O P Policy Chief Taf of Ohio on the question of send ing 4 American divisions to Eur ope in addition to two alread there He said that would neithe bolster Europes morale nor en courage the western nations t develop an adequate ground armj Leads to War The decision today is not mere ly a decision to send 4 divisions i addition to our two occupation di visions in Germany Hoover de clared it is a decision that wi most likely lead to operation Ian warin Europe Hoover said the best estimat indicates that Gen Dwight D Eisenhower the allied commande in Europe will have 50 division under him two years from now I venture the assertion tha continental Europe cannot be de fended with less than 100 to 12 battle worthy divisions In my own viewwith less forces than that number from European sources there is the utmost jeop ardy of involving the United States in a fullsized land war in Europe against these overwhelming odds Plan to Extend Auto Price Freeze Washington ff Officials of the office of price stabilization said Tuesday they plan to extend the auto price freeze which other wise would expire March 1 The manufacturers prices of new cars now are frozen at the levels of last Dec 1 The order was issued in midDecember and was the 1st price control order by the OPS Officials said the order may be extended to April 1 to give them time to work out new regulations for manufacturers of all kinds AP Wirephoto REDS THROWN BACK AT U S 2nd division Tuesday hurled back two predawn attacks by the reds 15 miles southeast of Hoengsong In the westcentral and western sectors the situation was rela tively quiet except for some resistance encountered by the U S 1st Cavalry and British elements near Yongdu the Seoul area C allies and communists traded artillery and mortar fire On the east end of the line D U S troops captured the small village of Malta 3 miles west of Pangnim Plot to Turn Czechs Over to West Nipped By WILUAM ST OATIS Prague Czechoslovakia Foreign Minister Vlado dementis and 4 other top communist leaders are under arrest Tuesday in an alleged plotto assassinate Czechoslovakias communist president and turn the country to the west like Yugoslavia This disclosure Tuesday by the Czechoslovak communist Set McKinley Potato Hearing Government to Tell Charges at Waterloo central committee coincided with its announcement that since September it has thrown almost 170000 members out of the party in the biggest house cleaning since the communists took the power 3 years ago The lousecleaning is continuing Love Is Paramount We shall prove said one of the reports to the committee on the arrests that there is a place in the party only for those who in the most holy manner love the Soviet Union the communist party of Bolsheviks and Comrade Stalin Five lesser alleged conspira tors also are reported in prison The former leaders now facing trial besides dementis are Dr Gustav Husak former chair man of the corps of commission ers cabinet of Slovakia Laco Novomesky former Slovak commissioner for education Mrs Marie Svermpva widow of the communist resistance hero Jan Sverma and a former party deputy secretarygeneral Otto Sling former party po litical secretary for the Brno re gion Sling and Mrs Svermova are accused of being illicit lovers Plotted Assassination These persons are accused of plotting to assassinate President Klement Gottwald to replace Party SecretaryGeneral Rudolf Slansky and Prime Minister An tonin Zapotocky and to seize both the party and the government All 5 have been ousted from the par ty central committee and from parliament dementis who van ished from sight Jan 27 has been a communist party member since 1921 The arrests were disclosed in publication Tuesday of reports to the central committee last Wed nesday at its 4day meeting here Federal Housing Agency Approves Algona Loan Washington D C The federal housing and home finance agency announced Monday it has approved a loan for for a sewer system and treatment plant at Algona Iowa it is occupied MidContinent Crash at Tulsa Tulsa Okla A MidCon tinent passenger plane carrying 30 people was reported to have crashed near Municipal airport shortly after 1 p m C S T Tuesday First reports said the craft began to burn MidContinents downtown of fice said its 1st word from the air port was that there were no in juries that all on the plane walked away The plane a Convair was tak ing off southbound when the ac cident occurred It flight origi nated in Minneapolis and was to terminate at Houston Texas HEATING PLANS Molnes The state ex ecutive council Monday author ized the drawing of specifications to enlarge the state capitol heat ing plant The plant will heat the new state office building when See Story on Pajfe 2 Sioux City Dis irict Judge Henry Graven said Tuesday the government case against H L McKinley St Ans gar potato farmer would be heard March 12 at Waterloo Graven said he would hear tht case Assistant U S District Attorney Joseph Brock said the March 12 action would probably be more in the nature of a hearing than a trial He said no briefs have been filed in the case Not Notified McKinley Says St Ansgar L McKin ley said Tuesday he had not been notified that the federal govern ment case against him under po tato marketing restrictions had been set for March 12 at Water loo McKinley said he would ap pear at Waterloo with an attorney if notified of the hearing He said the first he knew of the contemplated action was when a friend told him he overheard a federal investigator discussing the matter in a local hotel lobby McKinley said he was not in vited to the hotel lobby meeting and apparently the only thing being discussed was where to hang the victim Gillette a Sponsor of New Oleo Probe Washington ffi Senator Guy Gillette DIowa is one of 15 senators sponsoring a resolution asking for an investigation of the olelmargarine industry The senators Monday asked congress to direct the federal trade commission to investigate the in dustry Senator Lehman DLibNY told the senate that manufactur ers and distributors attempt to pass off their product as a natural dairy product He said colored margarine has been sold for less than uncolored margarine in states where pro ducers want antioleo laws re pealed Congress last year repealed special federal taxes on oleo MANUFACTURER DIES Asheville N K Straus 67 president of EcusU Paper Corp worlds largest man ufacturer of cigaret piper died Tuesday ;