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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1947, Mason City, Iowa I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM HISTtftY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS LD3 Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No BEVIN FAVORS 4POWER ALLIANCE IOWAS LIQUOR MEASURE GOES BEFORE HOUSE Senate Approved Bill Provides for Local Option Vote on Sales DCS Moines decision on legalizing sale of liquor by the drink in cities and towns which want it that way was put up to the Iowa house Thursday after the senate had voiced its approval by a 28 to 22 vote A liquor by the drink bill thoroughly revised during a two day debate on amendments was passed by the senate late Wednes day with the help of some dry senators who supported it because it contained a local option pro vision If the measure becomes law taverns private clubs and hotels will be able to sell whiskey wine and other drinks over the bar when the voters authorize their city council to issue the necessary licenses This could be done only at a general election The privilege 3 would not be extended outside of city and town limits Since the legislature adjourns Thursday for a ten day spring re cess house consideration of the bill will be delayed until some time after March 10 That body will have before it March 11 the senate approved dry beer bill which would sharply curtail the number of places authorized to sell beer When the senate completed work on the liquorbythedrink proposal it looked far different than the bill originally introduced by the No 2 judiciary committee The wets accepted the numerous amendments offered by dry sen ators Here are some of the restrictions imposed Thedulyway to get adrink at the bar would be to do it standing up except in a hotel private club or railroad dining car Tables chairs and booths would be for bidden in public places Taverns could sell beer along with liquor but no food A tavern or other place selling liquor would have to be located on the ground floor and all licenses would be limited to sales only be tween the hours of 11 a m and 11 p in Barrooms would resemble the old time saloon on the inside but would be required to have plenty of clear window space so that anyone on the streets could see in i The number of taverns would be limited according to the popu lation of the municipality For ex ample a city of 24000 could no have more than 8 based on on for each 3000 persons The seal would allow an additional tavern for each 4000 persons where th population exceeds 24000 but i not over 76000 and cities of mor than 76000 would be permittei an extra one for each per sons above that figure Strict rules would be appliet against sale of liquor to minors o allowing them to loiter around li censed premises If a licensee o his employe sold to a minor even unknowingly his license could bi revoked forthwith Any spouse could prevent the sale of liquor to a husband or wife by notifying tavern owners tha the person was on the taboo list Stop Serving of Subpoena on Marshall Washington Bradley RMich Thursday temporarily suspended the serving of a sub poena against Secretary of State Marshall by a house merchant marine subcommittee Bradley who is chairman of the full committee acted shortly after the subcommittee headed by Rep Weichel had issued the subpoena for Marshall to appear and produce all records and com munications dealing with the wartime transfer of United States ships to Russia Bradley said Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson promised him by telephone to appear in the Michigan legislators office Thurs day with copies of state depart ment correspondence with Russia relating to 95 lend lease ships The subpoena directed the sec retary to appear before the com mittee Friday with all books papers communications and other memoranda covering the matter of approximately 100 merchant ships owned by the United States now in the possession of the Rus sian government the communica tions to Russia and the replies of Russia In view of the constitutional separation of powers between the legislative executive and judicial branches of the government con gressional sources said there was a question whether Marshall could be compelled to comply with a house subpoena When Secretary of Interior Krug was subpoenaed by the house surplus property committee last session he ap peared before the committee but said he was doing so voluntarily Veteran congressional employes said the Krug subpoena was the irst issued by a house commit ee on ship sales charters and ayups which has been invesli rating the status of merchant ships ransferrcd to Russia and Great Britain during the war and not yet returned to this In a statement Weichel said In the course of the hearings here has been a refusal to dis close to the committee and con ress certain communications anc Thursday I have caused a sub oenato issue for the Honorable eorge C Marshall secretary o tate to appear before the com mittee and there to testify on matters concerning this transac ion and bring with him all books iapers and communications cover ng some 100 merchant ships be onging to the United States and now in the possession of Russia which have not been returned to Ms country International Soundphoto 5 Seattle firemen who FIREMEN EXPOSED TO BIKINI RADIOACTIVITY fought a fire at the University of Washington fisheries discovered after the blaze had been conquered that they were victims of radioactivity of the atomic bomb exploded at Bikini The men left to right H E Magill Carl Anderson W E Morrison R A Husseman and J L Chiney handled barrels of fish which had been shipped from the island experiment last summer and found their hands and gloves had become radio active Martha 8 Finds Out Daddy Was Bmve Man Chicago year old Martha Henry was very proud of her Daddy Thursday Five years ago he went away o be a soldier One day her moth er cried and told her he wasnt coming back Wednesday night a tall army man came to her home and told ler why He took Martha on his tnee and said Daddys job was topro ect his airplane He sat U a little glass porch on top of the big plane One day 3 years ago somebody shot at your Daddy and the plane caught fire Your Daddy tried to beat out the fire with his hands He kept fighting the fire until the plane got back over the English Chan nel Then everybody jumped out Your Daddy was last Everybody else got on a life raft But your Daddys hands were burned so badly he couldnt swim He was a very brave man Then Col James C Cochran air liaison officer of 5th army headquarters pinned a medal on Marthas dress and read to her from a paper he had brought along Maurice V Henry 29 top turrent gunner is hereby awarded posthumously the dis tinguished service cross for his extraordinary heroism and devotion to the other members of his This also could be done by par ents brothers or sisters with re spect to other members of their family Sale of liquor by the bottle would be allowed only in state owned stores and all licensees dis pensing drinks over the bar would have to buy their stocks from the state liquor control com mission They would pay a 5 per cent sales tax the proceeds of which would go into the state general fund The procedure for obtaining a local option election would be the filingwith the city or town coun cil of a petition bearing the signa tures of at least 25 per cent of the voters After proper certification the question would go on the bal lot at the next general election City councils would issue all li censes to class A those operating public barrooms and class B licenses to private clubs In a city of 10000 or more a class A license would cost not less than and a club license S750 In cities under 10000 the fees would be and respectively A special license could be issued by the state liquor commission to any club maintaining a gojf course of 9 holes or more located within 10 miles of a city that au thorized sale by the drink The minimum fee for a golf or country club would be Permits could be issued for rail road dining cars at a fee of plus for each club car i Rescue Men After U S Tanker Sinks in Ocean Panama 10000ton American tanker Royal Oak ex ploded and sank Wednesday night after catching fire off Gallera Point Ecuador it was reported Thursday The Grace Line steamship Look out reported by radio that she had taken aboard all hands from lifeboats that had been launched when the fire broke out The first SOS from the stricken vessel was picked upby the Pan ama ship Sea Frontier Wednesday afternoon and launched an elab orate U S armynavy joint res cue operation that was not needed because of the prompt response of the Grace ship The Royal Oak was owned by the U S Maritime Commission and was operated by Bermuth Lembecke Co New York She was believed to have had 50000 barrels of gasoline and diesel oil aboard Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair with little change in temperature Thursday night Lowest about 10 above Friday cloudy and a little warmer with occasional light snow Iowa Generally fair with little change in temperature Thursday night Friday mostly cloudy with occasional light snow and a little warmer in the west and north central portions Low Thursday night 10 northwest ti 17 southeast High Friday 3i north to 35 extreme south Minnesota Generally fair Thurs day night not quite so col north portion Friday mostly cloudy with light local snow A little warmer south and eas portions IN MASON CITY rlobe Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Thursday morning Claim Communists Had Run of ABomb Equipment Plant UAW Member Says Asked Truman to Give Maximum 25 Minimum 4 At 8 a m Thursday 5 Precipitation trace Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 26 Minimum 0 19 Missing in Sinking Athens auxiliary sail ing vessel struck a mine 2 miles iff Capa Pappa west of Patrai Patras and sank fourteen passengers and 5 crew men were missing Molten Flood of Lava Rolls on Toward Hamlet in Sicily Palermo Sicily molten flood of lava which has been boil ng out of a new crater in Mount Etna since Tuesday rolled steadily onward Thursday toward Passo Pisciaro the first mountain hamlet n its path A Catania dispatch to Ansa the Italian news agency later in the morning quoted the pilot of an Italian observation plane which flew iver the area from Bari Thursday as saying that the lava flow was utting off to the left of Pisciaro and that the village for he time being at least appeared o be out of danger The prefects of neighboring owns as well as the archbishop f Palermo Ernesto Cardinal Ruf ini were near the scene assist ng residents who were ready to lee if the fiery stream was not rrested For Passo Pisciaro an outlying art of Castiglione Di Sicilia on le volcanos northeastern slope here was only an estimated 3 r 4 days oflife remaining at the avas present measured rate of dvance Smoke from the molten streams still obscured the scene and barred accurate observations The population of Passo Piscia ro which is at an altitude of about 2200 feet was reported to be about 1000 and the popula tion of Castiglione Di Sicilia at about 2000 feet about 10000 The larger town was not expected to be endangered by the lava The swiftest rate of ly a quarter of a mile an was not directed at Passo PisciarOj which won some extra time be cause of the fact that ravines were gathering part of the lava flow which at certain points was described as more than 600 feet in depth Secrets to Russians Washington UR The house un American activities committee heard Thursday that alleged com munists had the run of an Allis Chalmers plant making equipment for the atomic bomb project It also heard from Floyd Lucia of Milwaukee that the United Automobile Workers CIO local at the plant asked President Tru man in a telegram to give U S atomic bomb secrets to Russia Lucia a member of the local said it was dominated by communists Other congressional develop ments Sugar The administration asked congress to nullify a court decision knocking out OPA methods of ra tioning sugar to industrial user Without congressional action the entire sugar rationing program will break down the administra tion said Foreign President Tru man conferred with Marshall and a bipartisan congressional group Senate President Arthur H Van denberg said they discussed on the eve of Secretary Marshalls departure for Moscow the prob lems involved in the forthcoming Big Four foreign ministers meet ing in the soviet capital Budget A bipartisan senate move for a cut in the public debt endangered pro posals for a 20 per cent slash in personal income taxes Senator William F Knowland predicted the senate would adopt his proposal to guarantee 000000 for debt reduction from savings made in President Tru mans budget The senate voted Wednesday to limit to 000 the cut ir Mr Trumans bud get Gerhart Eisler al Internationale this country was indicted by a federal grand iury on contempt of congress charges because he refused to give sworn testimony to the house Un American Activities committee OPA Rents A group of repub ican senators was reported to be bargaining with President Truman or advance approval of a 10 per cent increase in rent ceilings In return they were said to be of ering their support for continua ion of OPA The house already las approved a bill to withdraw which OPA needs to stay in business Lilienthal A member of the senate atomic committee predicted t would vote overwhelmingly early next week to approve David Lilienthals appointment as lead of the atomic energy com mission This senator who asked that his name not be used doubted that more than one or 2 of the 9 committee members would vote against Lilienthal The real battle will come when the nomination reaches the senate floor Portal house was set to begin debate on a bill to wipe out pending court claims for near ly in portal to por tal pay The measure was expect ed to pass by a wide margin prob ably Friday leged communist representative to IOWAS TRAFFIC DEATHS HIT 77 3 Persons Die in Car Accidents in State By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The number of traffic fatalities in Iowa since the first of the year stood at 77 Thursday after 3 per sons died of injuries received in accidents Wednesday Albert Lamp 32 was killed when his automobile crashed into guideposts and rolled into a ditch on route 6 about 4 miles south of Davenport Dorothy Tyler 30 of Chicago died at a Clarinda hospital of in juries received a few hours earlier when the car in which she was riding overturned south of Bed ford Raymond Brown 29 of Des Moines died Wednesday night in a local hospital of injuries suffered when the car in which he was rid ing crashed into a pole last Satur day night TRUMAN STICKS TO STATEMENT ON PALESTINE President Says Charges by Bevin Misleading and Most Unfortunate Washington r e s i d e n Truman backed by leading con gressmen of both parties held fas Thursday to his demand that 100 000 Jews be admitted to Palestine at once His position was made clear in a white house statement which dismissed as most unfortunate and misleading the charges against him by British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin Bevin had told the house of commons that Mr Truman was looking for Jewish votes with his public appeal for immigration on the eve of Yom Kippur the Jew ish holiday Bevin said the appeal wrecked Britains almost success ful negotiations with the Arabs for a Palestine settlement The white house replied Wed nesday night that Mr Trumans Oct 4 statement merely reaf firmed a U S position on Pales tine that dated back to the sum mer of 1945 This stand the white house said on the pres idents desire to advance a just solution of the Palestine problem Americas interest in Palestine is of long and continuing stand ing the statement asserted It is a deep and abiding interest shared by our people without regard to their political affiliation The white house didnt mention Bevin by name In this regard Sen Owen Brewster was less restrained He told the sen ate it was Bevins own labor party that was playing politics He said Bevin had repudiated a labor party election pledge to let Jews into Palestine in such num bers as to become a Brewstcr said Bevins amazing statement seeking a sacrificial goat in America reveals ap parently the workings of a deeply distressed conscience Senate Democratic Leader Al ben W Barkley Sen Homer L Capehart and former Rep James Clark Baldwin RN also assailed Bevin for his charge against the president In a statement as officers of political action committee for Palestine Capehart and Baldwin also re called that the U S stand on Jew ish immigration dated back to 1945 Other members of congress joined in denouncing Bevins at tack on Mr Truman Arab sources labeled the white house weak and unconvincing reply Collector Strips Man to Get His Tax Payment Rochester N Y middle aged taxpayer appeared before U S Deputy Collector Francis A Dalton in the Federal building with a problem I owe the government he told Dalton but its sewed on the inside of my underwear and I cant get it out in front of all these people Dalton led the way to an un occupied cashiers booth where the frustrated taxpayer removed his long underwear and plucked from it the money to meet Uncle Sams bill This remarked Dalton is the first time Ive ever had to strip a customer to get his tax Power of Dips 15 Cents in Past Year Washington o rising prices the purchasing powe of the dollar dropped by 15 cent in the year ended Jan 15 labor department figures showed Thurs day Going back still further the figures show that your dollar to day will buy goods and services which cost only 66 cents on Jan 15 date of wartime stabilization In its first 1947 monthly con sumer price survey the labor de partment reported that its cost o living index on Jan 15 was 179 per cent higher than a year before Statisticians said this means i takes now to buy what cos only 85 cents a year ago The departments index showed that the cost of living had de clined onetenth of one per cent between midDecember and mid January It was the first drop since Feb 15 1946 when Presi dent Truman changed wageprice stabilization policy to settle the steel strike However since Jan 15 whole sale and retail prices have begun to climb upward again Some department sources believe the rise will continue steadily though not rapidly to a new high level by next June A drop of 11 per cent in retail food prices was the principal reason for the slight drop in the overall cost of living between Dec 15 and Jan 15 the department said Prices for clothing fuel and electricity house furnishings and miscellaneous goods and services continued upward A sampling of rents showed that residential rents in large cities lave remained generally stable since September 1946 when data nationwide were last collected New York and Los Angeles re jorted no change in rents Kansas ity onetenth and Savannah hreetenths of one per cent drop Baltimore a threetenths of one per cent rise Here was the price situation at a glance for the month ending Jan 15 11 per cent one per cent Wens clothing prices 84 per cent and womens August 1939 per cent above Fuel Electricity and Ice lose 16 per cent The January reight rate increase granted the railroads forced up retail coal rices House eighttenths of one per cent All lousehold appliance prices rose except on sewing machines Miscellaneous Goods and Serv fourtenths of one per ent because of higher prices for lewspapers motion pictures to iacco and household operation rices for permanent waves were lightly lower in a few cities The departments bureau of la ior statistics emphasized that de erioration of quality and similar actors have not been included n the consumers price index It aid it would continue to leave djustments for these purposes o users of the index WANTS PACT TO CURB GERMANY IN WAR IDEAS British Secretary to Talk Over Plan With U S France Russia London Secretary Ernest Bevin said Thursday that he and the foreign ministers of U S France and the Soviet Union would discuss at Moscow a 4 power pact to prevent any new aggression in Europe Initiating a house of commons debate on foreign policy Bevins said he was not sure that Ger many even after defeats in 2 great wars knew the real mean ing of defeat and recognized the stupidity of war as an object of policy Only 4power agreement he said will make it possible to curb Germany and to reeducate her in the ways democracy There is no other way he de clared but he added that Britain should not expect too much from us at Moscow because we have terrific difficulties to face Bevins mention of a 4power antiaggression pact apparently went beyond the proposal made by former Secretary of State James F Byrnes last year Byrnes urged last May that the 4 countries en ter into a treaty to keep Germany demilitarized for 25 years Bevin told the commons he hoped the pending AngloFrench treaty would be signed soon He said Britains proposal for revis ing the AngloSoviet treaty as suggested by Premier Stalin would be presented to the Rus sians in the near future cOn the 1942 AngloRussian the soviet press once accused him of repudiating said I am extremely glad that the desire is shown to prolong the alliance on the basis of closer and cordial relations between the 2 countries Bevin made a single reference 0 the storm aroused in the U S y his charge last Tuesday that President Truman wrecked jotiations for a Palestine settle ment by issuing a statement dur ng the 1946 congressional elec ion campaign On all questions the foreign minister said with emphasis our relations with the U S are of a most cordial character We shall not allow any wedge to be driven between our 2 countries SAME DATE Black flag means traffic death In past 24 hour period Howard Hughes Plans to Test Hop Airplane Los Angeles oward Hughes his associates say is going to test fly another of the XF11 experimental reconnaissance the type in which he almost died last summer Oil Jobbers Elect Des Momes Iowa In dependent Oil Jobbers association Wednesday elected I H Carnes of Clinton president John Schultz Davenport and H G Rump Bur lington were among directors elected eputy Sheriff Milks Cows so Dairy Fanner Can Serve as Juror Oregon 111 of Depu ty Sheriff Willard M Burrights official duties temporarily is milk ing cows for Edward Thomas a dairy farmer Thomas called for circuit court jury service had asked1 to be ex cused because he had no one to milk his cows But Judge Leon Zick assigned Burright to the job The deputy later reported to the court on his new were 19 cows to be milked twice daily World production of oil multi plied 12 times from 1901 to from 160 million barrels to more than 2 billion barrels Housewives Told to Conserve on Sugar Despite Boost Hope Washingfon warned housewives Thursday that sugar conservation was still necessary despite the 10pound increase per person in prospect for this year OPA said the extra 10 pounds would be doled out if the supply holds good and if congress continues sugar rationing authority now scheduled to expire March 31 On the assumption that congress would do so OPA validated the April 1 stamp for 10 pounds and tentatively did the same for the June 1 and Oct 1 stamps 30 pounds together with the 5 allowed for the first quarter would make a total of more than in 1946 Substantial boosts also were authorized for industrial users ef fective April OPA said one reason for con servation is that no extra sugar be available for the early canning season If all goes well however there will be canning sugar by fall The agency went on to say that plans for the 10 pound increase may blow up if the rationing sys tem is overthrown either by con gressional or court action OPA had appealed to the su preme court from a lower court decision upsetting its historical use method of rationing sugar to industrial consumers OPA says that unless congress reverses the decision the rationing program will be crippled seriously See Approval for Rule Over Pacific Isles Lake Success N Y jnited States plan to continue ole administration of the Japa esemandated islands under a Jnited Nations trusteeship ap ieared Thursday to be headed oward almost certain approval y the security council March 7 As the delegates xvere called nto session at 3 p m EST to esume debate on the British Albanian minelaying dispute some of them still were awaiting instructions from their govern ments on the trusteeship proposal However a majority including Soviet Russia were reported to favor the plan in principle The only opposition was ex pected to come from Great Britain and Australia but this was not certain Informed quarters said Britain could be expected to ob ject to action at this time on legal grounds but that she would not go so far as to veto the U S pro posal Australia was awaiting final instructions Soviet Delegate Andrei A Gromyko in accepting the sub stance and main terms of the American plan offered 3 amend ments at Wednesdays meeting but most delegates felt that he wouJd not veto the U S draft agreement even if his amendments were rejected Russia had offered similar amendments to each of the 8 draft agreements approved in De cember by the general assembly but all of the amendments were rejected The Russian amendments pro posed 1 That the draft agreement drop the provision that the islands would be administered as an in tegral part of the United States 2 That it add the words or independence after the words toward selfgovernment in the section in which the United States proposed to guarantee the politi cal development of the native population 3 That it give the security council authority to alter or the draft agreement in stead of providing that no changes could be made without the con ent of the United States ;