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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF AND ARCHIVES OES KOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 27 1945 This Paper Consists o Two Section One NO 121 INSIDE WASHINGTON Dramatizing Peace May Be Way to Avoid War1 By HELEN ESSARY Central PressColumnist a while this morning I thought I simply couldnt get down to the jobjOf pretending to have ideas im portance I got rhyslef lost inthe sprightly pages of two fashion magazines Fashion magazines this spring are a flowery oasis in the middle of reality As much as I admire persistence and ingenuity of my own sex I cant see how the girls keep so blithe Page after page of earnest discussion of the bared midriff the exposed thigh the look of being all cut from one piece the credo that without ease there is no elegance the perfect playsuit that makes the summer etc Id like to see somebody try to makepeace a little exciting It must be made exciting if wars are ever to end The fashion experts could dress up peace in a sarong or something for public con sumption They could give it a new waistline plus cash charm and it Make the gullible public think peace is lun You see what I mean about gel ting lost in the fashion magazine they are the most power ful all the They have an influence that no worthy f publications can compete with They have appeal to vanity anc love of adventure I suggest that the peace makers who meet in San Francisco April 25 remem ber the frailities of human beings their vanities their love ad venture when they w rite the treaties In putting down the noble sen tences of international covenants it is important to remember tha after all nations are made up o people not documentary evidence The only way to avoid new an sudden wars is to remember this Women are canny creatures Perhaps Dean Gildersleeve se lected by President Roosevelt t represent women at the peac table will put some practicality some imagination into the peac making Dean Gildersleeve has had excellent training in huma values in her post at Radcliff college She now has a superb op portunityto seirtlieVprinciples o a lasting peace to this hemisphere BREAK DEFENSE BEFORE RHINE Poland to Get Upper Silesia City of Danzig have the city fathers in the capital shut 6ft that noondaysir en Without its shrieking warning I never know what isthe time of day Every body heeds a midday reminder that Its later than you think Since many people are talking about Alaska nowadays I looked up the seal of the merely by staring at the ceiling of the house of representatives Alaska according to its own story is a land not of snow and ice and seals It is bursting with verdure reaping machines sheaves of wheat and oldtime sailing vessels placid ENGLISH HEAR BIG 3 REPORT BY CHURCHILL Says Allies Will Take Drastic Steps Against Reich in Peace London Minister hurchill said Tuesday that Poland vill be given Upper Silesia Dan ig the greater part of East Prus ia and a long Baltic sea front To compensate for territory yielded to Russia in the east Po and also will receive such addi iohal German territoryeast of the der river as may be decided at he peace conference Churchill old a packed Commons He said Poland would be1 grant ed the greater part of East Prus sia to the west of Koenigsberg ndicating that Russia may retain he capital of the Junkers pro ince In the important German indus trial province of South which Churchill said would go to Poland lie such man ufacturing centers as Oppeln Hin denburg Gleiwitz and Beuthen Polands eastern frontier he re affirmed would be the Curzon line as drawn by an allied com mission in 1919 and including of course the exclusion of IAVOW from Poland Churchill said he had received perfect assurances from both President Roosevelt and U S Sec retary of State Edward R Stet tinius that the United Slates had ho objectlon or complaint to steps Britainhas taken in Italy am suggestions from any quarter that Great Britain has fallen behind other victorious powers in taking a generous view toward Italy or that we nourish any design of power politics he said Churchill said the United States has entered deeply and construc tively into the life and salvation of Europe We have all 3 set our hands to farreaching engagements at once practical and solemn he said In concluding his summary the Crimean conference United we have the unchal lengeable power to lead the world Reds Advance 42 Miles in Pomerania London IP A Russian breakthrough in eastern Pomer ania has swept forward 42 miles and captured numerous nazi strongpoints Marshal Stalin an nounced Tuesday Bublitz 28 miles from the Bal tic was one of the strongholds seized he said A communique said a Russian penetration northwestward in central Pomerania had carried to the towns of Bublitz 29 miles from the Baltic coast and Rum melsburg 17 miles to the east Bublitz is 17 miles north of Neustettin turntable of the Ger man defenses in central Pomer ania It is a big rail and highway junction as is Rummelsburg to the east The nazi command said its forces were locked in heavy de fensive fighting against mobile forces which had soviet struck to the fringes of Bublitz and Rurri melsburg Moscow has not announced this drive apparently by the right wing of marshal Gregory K Zhu kovs first White Russian army A soviet spurt to the Baltic in that sector would cut off tens of thou sands of German troops in north eastern Fomerauia the old Polish corridor and the Danzig free state The Germans also reported that the Russians had seized a bridge bead across the Neisse river the last major water barrier southeast of Berlin Two least 6000 the first Ukrainian army stormed across the Neisse and fought into Gross Gastrose 53 miles southeast of fjerge streetbattlesMondayBer V The thrust wedged into Berlins southeastern defense triangle based on Guben on the Neisse 4 miles northeast of Gross Gastrose Forst also on the Neisse 13 miles south of Guben and Cottbus 13 miles west of Forst Consolidation of the bridgehead would give the Soviets a spring board for the encirclement of Guben or an advance northwest toward Berlin in conjunction with a frontal push across the Oder river Radio Berlin also reported that the Soviets had opened a new at YANKS DRIVE ON area in riiap indicates American gains in the new offensive through Monday Tuesday reports showed the 9th army in Rheindahlen near Muenchen Gladbaeh in the Ruhr and reported the first army nearing the Erft river last defense before Cologne MacArthur Proclaims Manila Jake Douglas Im taking pleasure in the new importance of Senator Arthur Vandenberg His demand for a definite foreign and postwar pol icy for this country has put him once again on the crest of the wave as a national figure If he does accept the presidents invitation to sit at the San Fran cisco peace conference it will mean that he has received in writing some assurance of the Rooseveltian plans for the post war world Other republicans likewise feel theycannot be put on any kind of s spot by any pres idential vagary in this vital mat ter We dont want any more busi ness of an Atlantic ivordofmouih said the repub lican We want to have set down in black andwhite what we are to expect The selection of Cordell Hull as adviser to the peace gathering is pleasing to many people Curi ously enough the former secretary of state and republican interna tional spokesman Senator Van denberg are extremely sympa thetic in their international beliefs They may be counted on to agree on most issues when they meet in San Francisco Sick or well Cordell Hull is still an American symbol He still has the respect of the allied world to prosperity and freedom The great powers must week to serve He spoke for an hour and 50 minutes broken by an hour for lunch Calling for a strong vote of con fidence in his governments com mitments at the Crimean confer ence Churchill also said 1 Polands future is in its own hands with the single limitation that they the Poles must honest ly follow in harmony with their allies sia a policy friendly to Rus Radio Tokyo Claims Carriers Hit Hachijo South of Home Island Washington Tokyo said Tuesday that 10 American carrier planes bombed Hachijo island in the Izu Shichito group 120 miles south of Japan Monday Tokyo The planes may have come from famed task force 58 which launched Its aircraft agains Tokyo in conjunction with a Su perfortress assault on the capita Sunday The Japanese Domei agency said the defenders of Hachijo which lies 180 miles south o Tokyo and some 680 miles north of embattled Iwo shot down o damaged IT of the carrier planes The enemy broadcast was rcc orded by the FCC 2 Britain will continue to rec ognize the Polish exile govern ment in London until Britain con siders the new provisional gov ernment provided for in the Cri mean declaration has been formed iroperly 3 The allies intend to take steps gainst Germany far more drastic and effective than those which ollowed the last war including olal disarmament destruction of nazism and militarism swift pun shment of war criminals and elimination or control of industry capable of military production 4 The world security organiza ion envisioned by the Big Three will not shrink from the use of irrnies navies and air forces against an evil doer or an evil planner 5 The war in Europe has been prolonged a good many months beyond what had been hoped for last fall but American victories in the Pacific have advanced the peak period of the far eastern war 6 Simultaneous prosecution of the war in Europe and in the far east has confronted the allies with a greater shipping shortage than ever before 7 Churchill and President Roosevelt Hew to the Crimea er a 3day conference at Malta at which they approved joint plans for the great operations now de veloping on the western front and for Japan tack in the Slovakian mountains toward Svolen 125 miles east ot Vienna Qne column advanced 10 miles to Slatina 7 miles cast of Svolen Berlin said Moscow remained silent on both the Neisse river and Slovakian at tacks but Czechoslovak leaders in London and Moscow broadcast appeals to the underground in their homeland to rise against the Germans at once The red army is at the gates of BohemiaMoravia the leaders said The time has come to fight openly for towns and villages Strike at the enemy disobey the enemys mobilization and evacua tion orders intensify sabotage and increase strikes Capitol of Civil Government As T roops O pen Sea Route Manila Douglas MacArthur solemnly proclaimed Manila Tuesday the capital of restored civil government even as rifle fire against the last Japanese diehards echoed over warravaged city While he spoke in a moving ceremony at shellscarred Malacanan palace his soldiers in a new land invasion 70 miles south of f Manila pried open the shortest sea route through which to rush sup plies from the United States and revive the stricken city General MacArthur surrounded by men who fougnt with him in adversity at Bataan and Corregi dor told wildly cheering Filipinos he was lifting military rule from liberated areas of their common wealth in favor of the constituted government of President Sergio Osmena Your country once again is at liberty to pursue its destiny to an honored position in the family of free nations he said Your capital city severely 2500 PLANES STRIKE GERMANY Hit Leipzig Halle Mainz Rail Centers London than 2500 American and British warplanes carried the war deep into Ger many for the 15th straight day Tuesday unloading a great weight oE bombs oh the nazi rail centers of Leipzig Halle and the campaigns against New York Police Have Slow Evening New York the cur few have anything to do with thisV Not a single crime of violence was reported to police of New York Citys 5 boroughs between 6 p m Monday night and 8 a m Tuesday The only telephone call received was a wrong number SAYS U S FACES FUEL SHORTAGE Ickes Urges Settlement of Coal Controversy Washington UP Fuel Ad ministrator Harold L Ickes Tues day asserted that many indus trial activities of coal consumers must be discontinued and most others slowed down because the nation facts a possible fuel crisis The tricks are about played out and the coal shortage is here and getting worse he said in a report warning of the dire effects a coal mine strike might have on the entire nation The time has come he said when the country should get down to realities A national fuel crisis can be ex pected by next winter if the war in Europe continues that long he said even with continued fell pro of coal Assuming con tinuous operation of the mines he said coal production still be 50000000 tons short of meeting the needs of a 2front war dur ing 3945 Then he alluded directly to the growing coalwage controversy The paralyzing effects of tem porary disruptions In the coal supply because of weather con ditions during the last month indicate only too clearly that we cannot afford to have any gen eral stoppage in coal mining no matter how short he said He pointed out that mines also face the prospect of losing ad punished though it be has re gained its rightful place as a sym bol of democracy Manila was occupied unopposed by the Japanese Jan 2 1942 Earlier Tuesday General Mac Arthur had disclosed in a com munique that soldiers of the 24th division landed Sunday on tiny Verde island midway in the 10 mile channel between Luzon and Mindoro islands to secure the west end of a direct route through the heart of the archipelago Less than a week ago the eost end was secured by invasions of Capul and Biri islands in San Bernardino Strait between Luzon and Samar MacArlhur acting on behalf of my government restored civil rule and acclaimed Manila again the capital 3 days after his sol diers successfully concluded a 3 weeks battle In the citys streets during which the Japanese laid waste the business district and Mainz Gen James H Doolitties U S 8th air force set the daylight bombardment in motion before midday with a 2000pIane strike into central Germany at Halle and Leipzig Hours later another raiding fleet of more than 500 RAF Lan casters and Halifaxes followed through with a heavy attack on the Mainz railway yards on the middle reaches of the Rhine Nominated Mayor See Page 11 Jake Douglas chairman of the Cerro Gordo county democratic central committee was given the democratic nomination for mayor of Mason City in the municipal primary election Monday winning over William P Cahalan by a vote of 414 to 93 Only 2 other offices were con tested in the primary in which only democratic candidates had filed A total of 615 went to the polls These were the nominations for the office of councilman from the 1st ward in which Herman F Scherping won over Charles Lee by a vote of 96 to 29 and council man from the 3rd ward in which Leslie M Valentine won over J F Broderick by a vote of 67 to 50 The following were nominated on the democratic ticket without opposition Councilman atlarge W V Expect Fall of Iwo in Few Days U S Pacific Fleei Headquar ters Guam of Iwo Jima in a few more days was predicted Friday by Lt Gen Hoi land M Howlin iMad Smith after his marines won a critically important hill in the central pla teau during a 400yard advance through probably the heaviest fire of the bitter campaign As American planes flew from Iwos main airfield for the first time the top marine commander in the Pacific told newsmen that heavy fighting was ahead of the Devildogs on northern Iwo but we expect to take this island in a few more days The general estimated that al most half of the 5milelong is land was in American hands at the start of the 2nd week of the fiercest battle of the Pacific war I consider that progress is sat isfactory General Smith said The marine commander reported the Yanks were becoming more battlewise and casualties arc rel atively smaller each day Motoyama airdrome No 1 on southern Iwo Jima was put to use for the first time Monday as ma rine artillery spotter planes little Zseaters came down on runways being put into shape for fighters and bombers The field is 750 miles south of Tokyo Maj Gen Graves B Erskines 3rd marines in the center of the American battle line captured Hill 382 just east of the central airfield for a military triumph as significant as the earlier seizure of Mt Suribachi at the south tip of the little island The hill provides direct obser vation of the major Japanese de fenses and troop dispositions on high ground to the north across 9TH ON BANKS OF ERFT RIVER NEARER RUHR Germans Attempting to Stop 1st Army Drive on Cologne Paris IP The American 9th army broke clear through Ger man defenses before the Rhine Tuesday in a wide open advance of more than 10 miles which car ried to the banks of the Erft river and almost to the edge of the Ruhr industrial basin U S first army tanks blasted their way to within 9 miles of Cologne and almost reached the Erft in their sector where the river forms the last water bar rier before the great but ruined metropolis Ninth army troops captured Morken on the Erft 15 miles southwest of Duesseldorf and nearby Konigshovem The coup badly outflanked Muenchen Glad bach on the south Rheindahlen 2M miles from Muenchen Glad bach was taken after a tank en counter The whole Qlh army front rolled forward toward the Ruhr greatest arsenal region in Europe in ad vances so swift and impetuous that the Germans were described officially as in extreme confu sion The Germans strove desperate ly to arrest the headlong drive of the first army toward Cologne greatest of the Rhineland cities and the southwestern taeeway to the Ruhr They rushed tanks across the Erft and engaged Amer ican armor in tank o tank bat tles but they failed to halt the powerful drive Canadian and British troopsto the north broke the where the Germans have which the assaulting marines still have to make an uphill fight The central airfield Motoyama No 2 was virtually in Yank hands Only the northeast tip of the 2strip fighter field remained in enemy control at nightfall Mon day A smaller heavies also force of bombed a British benzol plant near Gelsenkirchen in the Ruhr valley Swiss press dispatches report ing that 2 American bombers were shot down by Swiss fighters in the Luzern area of northern Switzerland suggested that Amer ican raiders from Italy also were attacking southern Germany More than 1000 Flying For tresses and Liberators crashed almost 3000 tons of bombs on Loring 321 and Mike Zack 371 Councilman 2nd Fol som 110 Councilman 4th J Bohn 63 A Ludeman 372 No candidates were on the bal lot for treasurerand police judge Matt Steece received 74 writein votes for treasurer and Leslie Boomhower 12 writeins for police judge but the number was deemed insufficient for nomination in either case in a ruling made by City Solicitor Charles E Cornwell at a meeting of the council Tues the south side so well known to tourists President Osmena accepting the responsibilities immediately ex pressed the hope it might be pos sible for the Philippines to have complete independence this year He bitterly denounced the Japa nese bandits and called Mac Arthurs drive a crusade More than 12000 of the enemy have been killed within Manila and Tuesday MacArthur reported an incompleted count of 3056 dead on Corregidor at the entrance to the bay The Verde island invasion ef fected such surprise headquarters reported that troops went ashore with practically no loss The small Nipponese garrison already is cornered on the east coast at San Agapito It was the 15th is land invasion of the Philippines campaign Leipzig 85 miles southwest of Berlin and the neighboring town of Halle The rail networks of these 2 cities control the trans port of most of central Germany Upwards of 700 Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters accompan ied the heavy bombers on the 15th straight day of bombing Germany in a record winter of fensive The nazi transport sys tem has been under assault ever since last week when it was crip pled as a preliminary to the al lied offensive in the west The record offensive against Germany continued through the night British Mosquito bombers crashed blockbusters into Berlin stoking the fires kindled by near ly 2000 American planes Monday day morning to canvass the vote In writeins it is necessary to pro cure JO per cent of the vote cast for governor on the democratic ticket in Mason City which would have required 550 Corn well stated A similar situation existed in the case of writeins by republican voters who failed to nominate any candidate Republicans wrote in the following votes for mayor H E Bruce 14 Hugh Gilmore 5 Jake Douglas 9 Ray Pauley 2 William Cahalan 2 and J W Highl 1 Republicans gave W V Loring 7 voles for councilmanat large and Matt Sleece 13 votes for treasurer They gave Joe Manley 3 votes and R A Ludeman 4 votes for assessor Those nominated by the demo crats in this primary election will go on the ballot at the regular city election March 26 Maj Gen Clifton B Gates 4th marines on the east coast and Maj Gen Keller E Hockeys 5th division on the west gained ground through extremely heavy enemy defenses in the words of Adm Chsster Nimiti The 4th division captured a commanding hill on the east coast Nimitz communique said fight ing along the entire line was very heavy with enemy resistance mounting before our attack throughout the day Japanese dead totalled 3568 by noon more than Sundays count An indication of the kind of fighting going on at Iwo was reflected in Nimitz re port that only 9 Japanese prison ers had been taken in all 8 days of the campaign Vice Adm Richmond Kelly Tur ner overall amphibious comman der at Iwo ventured in an inter view that soon all types of our pilots flying from the strategic island will be hitting the Japanese homeland Admiral Turner suggested that Iwo Jima remain in Ameri can hands after the war He said he hoped the United States flag would always fly over the island in permanent memory to the 28th last defenses before the nortliwest corner of the Ruhr Another great victory was shap ing up in the center of the west ern front The U S 3rd army stormed into the fortress town of Bitburg junction of 10 military highways in the Moselle valley Bitburg was thinly held resist ance was slight The 9lh army charge to Konigs hovcn passed through town after town and outflanked the Ruhr basin industrial and communica tions center of Ittnenchen Glad bach Other 9th army men moved within 2i miles of Muenchen Gladbach and captured many vil lages on the southern and west ern approaches 127000 to the city of PRODUCTION AWARD Des Moines army navy production award has been given the Solar Aircraft company of Des Moines for the second time it learned Monday from Under Secretary of War Robert Patter Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and rising temperatures Tuesday night lowest about 15 Wednes with light HEAPBIG CURFEW Pendleton Ore Great White Fathers curfew has reached the redmen of the Umatilla C a y u s e and Walla Walla tribes Chief Jim Kanine has ordered that when the next big ditional manpower as a result of tribal dance is held in April torn new draft calls I toms must be silenced at midnight Tokyo Plane Plant Hit in Sunday Raid Aboard Admiral Mitschers Flagship Off Tokyo UR Vice Admiral Marc A Mitschers car rier pilots fought through a sky ful of falling planes Sunday to rake Japanese air fields with bul lets and knock out the huge Kci zumi aircraft assembly plant in another lightning stab at the Tokyo area Red Cross Receives Long Delayed Reply Lorain Ohio Lorain Red Cross recently received its first word from Poland in 5 years A message sent through the In ternational Red Cross to Mrs T Zaborowski from a cousin in Po land was a reply to a letter sent by the Lorainite more than a year ago The local Red Cross reported that despite hundreds of similar messages to Poland this was the first reply since the German inva sion day mostly cloudy rain or snow Iowa Increasing cloudiness and rising temperature Tuesday night Wednesday cloudy and warmer with light rain in the southwest and light rain or snow in the north and east por tions Minnesota Fair warmer west and north central Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudi ness light snow in afternoon extreme northwest and extreme north central warmer but be coming colder by night north west IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 18 Minimum Monday 7 At 8 a m Tuesday 7 YEAR AGO Maximum 36 Minimum 29 The Canadian advance carried to within 22 miles of Duisburg worlds greatest inland port and chief outlet for the Ruhr which in 1942 cradled three fourths of all German war plants The Canadians broke into Cal car a bitterly defended fortress road center and the Brussels radio said the town of 2053 had been occupied The Canadians and the Amer ican 3rd and 9th armies cap tured 20 German towns over night The largest was Etkelenr a critically important road cen ter and the last large place before Muenchen Gladbach At places on the water logged Cologne plain the Americans had penetrated 33 miles inside Ger many and about 300 miles from Berlin They were less than 3 miles from the Erft river where a stout German defense line based on a wooded ridge and old style trenches gave Field Marshal von Rundsiedt his last chance to make a stand short of the Rhine Great cities were within grasp These included Cologne 758000 greater Germanys 5th largest Duesseldorf 540000 and 11th in size Duisburg 431000 and 15th Muenchen Gladbach 127000 and the Rhine center of Bonn 101 000 which the Americans could see from heights 18 miles away 88000 was miles of the Outflanked Trier within sight and 4 3rd army The Germans still were fight ing The battle on the Cologne plain was not a rout but the gains were virtually as fast as the Americans could walk and wade across the rolling country which ttundstedt had tried to convert into a field fortress This indicated that German strength left west ot the Rhine wax not enough to stop the onslaught Demands of the hard pressed eastern front were known to have accounted for much of the thin out von Rundstedt appeared to have been placed in a position where against a major force of fensive he had to retreat since he lacked troops to sacrifice in suicide stands The German front was weaker than it had ever been perhaps no more than GO divisions many of them far below strength That force guarded the 450 mile stretch from the North sea o the Alps ;