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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOSV AND DCS KOINES 14 THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATE PBESS WOTED LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 271943 HOME EDITION Uimj 61 Jtyid PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS ONE NO 121 RAF MAKES HEAVY RAID ON COLOGNE Rommel Burns Stores as Allies Push AdvanceManyFires m ALLIED TROOPS PRESS AHEAD IN 36 MILE FRONT Nazis in Position for Dash to Sea or to Meet Break in Mareth Line By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Field Marsha Erwin Rommel famed as the iox was report ed running for cover in central Tunisia Saturday burning stores and blowing up airports as Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers victorious American and British troops ad vanced along a 36mile front British press dispatches said the allies had already occupied Kasserinc thereby cutting off rail link between Rom mels battered tank columns and ColGeri Jurecn von Arnims German army in the north Other reports said the nazis were destroying stores at Feviana 18 miles southwest of the Kasser ine Pass and dynamiting the air field at Sbeitla 18 miles north cast of Kasserine This apparently meant that Rommel was withdrawing his forces along both wings as his main armored contingent fled to ward Gafsa 55 miles south of the pass where he would be in a po sition either for a swift retreat to the sea or for a dash to combat any break through the Mareth line by the British eighth army in squthern Tunisia LoPdonpressdispatches said Bernard L Montgomerys eighth army troops had penetrated as far as the rocky gorge of Zigzai which lies immediately before the townOf Mareth at the northern end ofthe Mareth defense works GERMAN COUNTER DRIVE EFFORTS ARE BEATEN T A L LIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA troops reoceupied the town of Kassqrine and their vanguards ap proached an air field 15 miles to the southwest The airfield at the village of Theteple lies but seven miles northeast of Feriana another goal in the allied counterattack against the withdrawing divi sions or Marshal Erwin Rommel Strongly entrenched British units in northern Tunisia hurled back enemy tank attacks with losses it was announced Trying to seize the initiative Col Gen Jurgen von Arnim threw several battalions of infantry and armored units against a 15mile section of the British line between Uoubellat and Bou Arada west of Pont Du Fahs But British ar IN BATTLE DRESS Gen Dwight D Eisenhower com mander in chief of all allied operations in North Africa wears a knitted hoodlikc visored cap as heinspects the Tunisian front AP photo by radio from London to New York tillery and thvust tanks beat off each The lull in the northern sector was broken Friday by a series of enemy attacks in the areas of Djebel Mansour Bou Arada and south of MedjezElBab all of which were successfully repulsed by allied forces the communi que said More than4M axis prisoners were declared taken in the re pulse of tanksupported enemy attacks in the MatearBeja valley about 15 miles north east of the village of Beja The enemy was reported lo have suffered heavy casualties In one enemy attack seven enemy tanks were destroyed for the loss of one British the communique reported The fight ing continues Gen Sir Bernard Montgomerys British eighth army was reported to have planted its forward ele ments immediately south of the Mareth line in southeastern Tu nisia without serious opposition Allied fighters and fighter bombers made attacks on concen trations of axis vehicles and tanks to counter thrusts by the enemy in northern Tunisia the commu nique said Alliedfighters were reported to have destroyed a railway locomo tive during an offensive patrol near Tozeur in the central sector t itl 1L4 til StlHUl Allied light and medium bombers continued to pound the port of Gabes the Mareth line fortifica tions and enemy landing grounds U S FORCES ADVANCEUnited States troops have re g gateway to the Hatab val ey 2 mjh axls columils through f continued to move southward French troops advancing from the mountains on the west side of Oussel vaile smashed one after another axis position in that area In the south the British eighth armv was reDorted penetrating outer defenses of the aiarcthMine ieported URGES CAUTION IN SHIFTING OF US WORKERS Weber Says Nation Is Treading Near Bedrock of Civilian Economy WASHINGTON of fice of civilian supply has warned War Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt that any attempt to shift 2800000 workers from socalled less essential to es sential industries is treading dangerously close to the bedrock of the nations civilian economy It can be according to a memorandum to McNutt from DCS Director Joseph L Werner only by 1 Aildinr 4000000 workers not now employed o the labor forces 2 Increasing the standard work week in essential indus tries to hours A most careful and scien tific withdrawal of certain per centages of labor now employed in less essential activities Werners estimate clashed with McNutts testimony on Jan 8 before the senate appropriations subcommittee investigating man power McNutt said then Approximately 3200000 workers will have to be trans ferred from present employment in socalled Jess essential indus tries to meet the various mili tary and lendlease goals But Weiners memorandum said m effect that transfer of 400000 fewer workers than McNutt en visioned would not only reduce civilian economy close to its low est possible point but would ap proach the point where slight dis locations might threaten the war production effort Wciner virtually refused lo agree that any industry as a whole could be regarded as less cssen Without cookinV stoves cloth and chairs in their homes he said fewer men and women will work in war plants With out laundries and restaurants women will not stay at war jobs Without recreation and med icine war workers will not sur vive the exactions of war work Hence he suggested that McNutt completely abandon the term es sential activities and base cruitment and transfer uu minimum labor requirements all civilian activity re the of The estimated curtailment Werner continued must fall en tirely on such fields as retail and wholesale distributors furniture printing clothing and construction supplies This limited group of civilian industries will be called upon to bear whatever deticits may arise through the failure o recruit the estimated 4000000 persons heretofore not part oC the labor forces and any shrinkage of manpower which may result through failure lo reach the esti mated employment of 54 hours per week One member of the military af fairs committee who studied Wcin er s recommendations said he was convinced that they foreshadow a lengthening of the work week in war industries to 54 more Jhan that established in crit ical areas by a recent executive order Weiner said that his office earl ier had been denounced for its ton zealous advocacy ot conversion of civilian industries to war produc tion But that task had to be done he said Now the time hns come when it is necessary for the office of civilian supply to protect the war production program by pre serving basic civilian industry Our objective is still the same We seek maximum war production But that can be obtained only if we maintain civilian activity in the many ways and at the various levels necessary to keep our war production moving ahead Labor Institute Is Held at Sioux City SIOUX CITY sec ond annual labor institute spon sored by the American Federation of Labor opened its twoday ses sion here Saturday Headed by labor and governmental leaders the general theme of the meeting was problems that confront work ing men in a world at war p7 Are Started in Munda Raid WASHINGTON dive bombers started many fires in i heavy raid on the Japanese ailbase at Munda in the central Solomons the navy announced Saturday Communique No 293 North Pacific 1 On Feb 25 U S bombers with fighter escort attacked Japa nese positions at Kiska at Reds Continue Advances in Spite of CounterAttacks Plow Through Snow in North and Sticky Mud on Southern Front MOSCOW red army driving westward doggedly tmued its spectacular winter of fensive in the face of mounting German counterattacks Saturday SOFT WHEAT FLOUR PRICE UP 8 Per Cent Increase Authorized by OPA WASHINGTON of fice ot price administration Sat urday raised by approximately eight per cent the ceiling prices of soft wheat flour in eastern southern and midwestcrn states The action was taken OPA said because rising soft wheat prices in the east have put a severe squeeze on flour millers At ihc same time Economic Stabilization Director James F Byrnes authorized OPA to place ceiling prices on soft wheat east of the Rocky mountains The soil wheat ceiling prices will be ap proximately those prevailing ear lier this week and will be slight ly higher than parity The pur pose oEthis move OPA said is lo check additional advances in soft wheat prices OPA said the new wheat regu first price control ex ercised over that commodity now is in the drafting stages and will be issued shortly The increase of 60 cents per 196pound barrel in soft whcit Hour ceilings lifts mavimum prices for this type of flour used principally for cakes crackers and cookies about Parity for wheat without in cludine farm benefit payments New maximum prices a barrel will range between and SI025 The result of the new ceilings will be a small increase in the price of cakes and a somewhat larger increase in the price of crackers and cookies Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Much warmer Sat urday afternoon and Saturday night Lowest Saturday night in Mason City 26 Continued mild Sunday forenoon IOWA Continued mild tempera ture Saturday and Sunday fore noon except somewhat warmer extreme east portion Saturday night Fresh strong winds to moderately MINNESOTA Warmer late Satur day afternoon except becoming colder extreme northwest por tion late Saturday night colder Sunday forenoon and north and west portions Saturday night occasional light snow northeast portion early Saturday night fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 33 Minimum Eriday night 24 At 8 a m Saturday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum 19 along the entire front from north of Kursk to the Black sea coast The offensive is plowing ahead through snowdrifts and blizzards m the northern sectors and deep sticky mud in the south where the snows are thawing Ski troops tanks and heavily dressed artillery crews operating in the north are paced by lightly equipped scouts tanks fastmov ing cavalry and motorized infan try in the south The bloodiest battles are raging southwest of Kramatorsk where the red army is facing large tank lorces and numerous fresh Ger man reserves Positions here arc repeatjdly changing hands A Red Star dispatch from this sector reported the capture by the red army of part of a large set tlement through which a vital road runs The enemy launched fresh reserves into violent coun terattacks several directions the dispatch said but despite great German losses was unable to retake the settlement in heavy day and night battles The enemy tank groups which arc assislmg in the counterattacks in the western Donets basin arc steadily diminishing Heel Star said The midday communique an nounced that German tanks and infantry were striving lo break through to a large settlement southwest of Kramatorsk but were beaten back suffering large losses China Received Only Worth of LendLease Aid WASHINGTON1 UB The house foreign affairs committee Saturday recommended a one year extension of Icndlcase in a formal report which revealed that China thus far has received only 5156738000 worth of lendleast aid The report disclosed by comparison that Great Britain as of Dec 31 1942 has received 53959950000 worth and soviet Russia 51532230000 worth owan Fails to Free Self of Burglary Charge WORTHINGTON Minn Jacob Luther Manly 45 Tracr Iowa faced a jail term of up to 10 years Saturday after failing to free himself from burglary charges by acting as his own at torney Manly matched legal talent athis trial with a county attorney making his first criminal prosecu tion but the jury after hearing Manly make his own plea found him guilty of burglarizing a store at Rushmbre Minn last Novem ber JURY ACQUITS URSULA PARROTT Is Freed on Charge of Helping Soldier Desert MIAMI Fin federal jourt jury Saturday acquitted Novelist Ursula Parrott of charge of impairing the loyalty and dis cipline of the armed forces and aiding and concealing a deserter by driving a goodlooking private out of an army stockade concealed in the rear of her automobile The allmale jury was out ol the courtroom only 12 minutes In a 40 minute statement Fed eral Judge John W Holland ok South Pacific All dates are cast longitude i On Feb 20 dauntless dive bombers Douglas with wildcat Grumman F4F escort attacked Japanese positions at Muiula Mmy fires were started and at least one plane was destroyed on the ground The report that numerous blazes were observed after he dive bom ber raid on Munda was unusual jcommuniques on Munda at tacks usually say either that re sults were not observed or else that only one or two iircs were seen The enemys central Solomons ioiyt point apparently look a heavy beating irom the dive bombers therefore and it was en tirely possible that favorable weather and a large number oC at tacking planes made this one of tile most successful of the 77 raids which have now been delivered against Munda Destruction of the plane on the ground raises to 875 the total num ber of craft the Japanese have now lost directly in combat in the Solomons ALLIED FLYERS CONTINUING TO LASH GERMANS Double Blockbusters Are Dropped on Nazi Foundries Center By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS the the Colog F jurors that they could not find Mrs PiiToll guilty of aiding an deserter if ijicy decided that Pvt Michael Nccly Bryan 2G had no intention of deserting the army when he left the stockade for 24 hours of freedom in the authors company last Dec 28 Mrs Parrott 40 could not be legally accused of impairing the discipline and loyalty of the armed forces the judge added un less the jury decided it was her intent to undermine the morale and loyalty of all the troops sta tioned at Miami Beach Spectators crowded around to congratulate the author as soon as the verdict was read Smiling the author dabbed at her eyes a couple of times as if to wipe away a tear Stic gave no statement on the in structions of her attorneys j The novelists soldierfriend handsome Pvt Michael Nccly Bryan was not in the federal building Saturday He was re ported o be in he Miami Bead stockade where he is serving a one year sentence for breaking confinement 2 Des Moines Public Utilities Are Sold to United Light Power DES MOINES of I he Des Moines Electric Light com panyand Ihc Iowa Power and Light company of DCS Moincs to the United Light and Poivcr com pany Chicago was announced Friday Assets of the two Des Moines companies arc S38000000 and their book value is 540000000 I he transaction is subject lo ap proval ot the securities and ex change commission Purchase ot the common slock and other securities of the DCS Moines electric and gas utilitie was announced in Chicago by Frank L Conrad executive vice president of the United Light and Power company and the sale was confirmed by C A Leland presi dent and general manager of Hie Des Moinos companies Leland will be president of the companies which serve 73 and communities outside DCS Monies and all other officers will be retained Conrad said Other Iowa properties owned by the United Light system will be merged with the purchase com panies and the combined opera tion will be conducted under the name Iowa Power and Light com pany with assets of 58 million dollars 75 Men Trapped in Montana Mine Are Feared Dead BEARCREEK Monl entyfive miners were trapped Saturday in the Smith Coal com pany mine at 10 a m mountain war time apparently by an ex plosion Bill Romck company manager reported Saturday No contact has been made with men inside the mine since smoke pouring from the entrance gave the first sign of trouble Romek related He expressed fear that all in the mine had been killed The body of one miner was recovered from an inactive vein of the mine Three other men still alive but in critical condition were rescued from the same vein Smoke and gas poured so thick ly from the mine entrance that no rescue force has yet been able to enter Mine rescue crews are being flown by airplane from Bulte to Billings IS SLIGHTLY IMPROVED HOLLYWOOD er Ben Bcrnic the old maestro stricken with pleurisy was slight ly improved Saturday but still remained in critical condition Oxygen was being administered NAZIS ROUND UP SLAVE LABOR Czechs and Greeks Are Included in Program of of LONDON German started rounding up the men CzcchoSlovakia and Greece for slave labor Saturday and a dis patch from Ankara said Adolf Hitler had 6rdered the leaders his stooge states to replace thci clend cannon fodder on the Uus sian front Mow the German slave labo program was being enforced i almost every occupied nntion Holland Norway France si a v i a Czechoslovakia an Greece Dr K H Frank secretary state in BohemiaMoravia d of told uviil IOICI the Czechs Friday night that all faciones which Germany re garded as unnccccssary would be closed and everybody in unessen tial women as well as men be put to war work He told them that if Germany becomes a battleground Czech towns and viillagcs will go up in A Adolf Hitler Irom had called upon nun CtMUJtl UIX t0 rCDacc nine divisions 133000 men killed in Huussia and that Hungary would begin calling men over 33 within a few days Rumania because of its griev ous losses was not asked for fur ther soldiers immediately but Hitler demanded all Rumanian oil The quisling leaders of Croatia were ordeied to raise 10 divisions and the Germans promised to wipe out the fighting patriot forces Carrying on one of the grcat siiitaincd aerial offensives of war RAF bombers struck at German war foundries city of 3gne in a very heavy attack riday night the British an nounced Saturday Upwards of 200 KAF the niKhtraidiiii slants which carry double took part in the assault on the basis of average losses of 5 per cent Ten planes were listed as miss in K Cologne1 7G8000 population Jiul vast war output have shrunk under aerial assaults A Berlin broadcast said he UAF dropped high explosives mid incendiaries and put in its familiar propaganda claim of damage to several as well as acknowledging casualties to the civilian population The attack on Cologne capped a 24hour period of tremendous blows to Hitlers European for tress by American daylight raid ers and RAF night flyers These included 1 Devastating assault by U S flying fortresses and liberators against the German Uboat nest at Wilhelmslinvon 2 Three attacks on nazi held Dunkcvquc French channel port by RAF light bombers with American fighter escort 3 A 20 m i 11 u t e saturation mid on Ihu German industrial center of Nuernberg which cost the British nine planes t Scattered bombingand ma chine sunning attacks on north ern France with the raiders blasting an airfield on tile Cher bourg peninsula railway yards ana a German naval stovasc ucpot near Rcnncs Concentrate on UBoat Centers LONDON tour cn Jined bombers carried the most concentrated AngloAmerican aer ial offensive of the war past the 4liour mark early Saturday The aroundtheclock attacks gave Germany for the first lime an indication of what it may ex pect when the allout allied at tack rises to full crescendo in the coming months to pave the way for the impending invasion of Europe The German radio said Friday night raiders bombed western Germany damaging dwellings and public buildings including eral hospitalsEleven bombers were shot down tlc broadcast claimed The giant fourcngincd Lan caster Stirling and Halifax bomb ers struck in the wake of Ameri can flying fortresses and liberators that pounded the Wilhclmshaven base in daylight Friday and longrange bombers that sweru deep into Germany Wed nesday night io blast the trial center of Nuvnbcrg Inlcrsncrsed between the main attacks on Germany were subsid iary raids on tlic docks at Dun kirk air fields at Cherbourg rail road yards and the avaj storace depot at Rcnncs and coastal ahipl ping by light bombers and fighter Iliashuttled back and to occupied France Friday The selection of targets made nlam that tlc aiiics had Hirown he full strength of thtir air arm behind the initial ob jective in Hicir offensive plans for smashinr Mows to Germanys submarine strength In order to clear the ocean lanes for huKc convoys of supplies men and munitions necessary for he final on Hitlers stronghold if Wilhemshavcn is a big subma nnc slation repair depot and training station Nurnbcrg is the center of some of the largest factories turning out diescl en gines and other equipment and devices for Uboats The German supply depot at Kcnncs was the distribution point for nearly every article needed lo supply Uboats sheds in the area a mile and a third long and 500 yards wide housed hundreds ot tons of gasoline in addition to spare pans The airdromes in the Cherboure area of north France are bases lor the nazi fighters which Rviarrt the irench coast Dunkirk which ;