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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ASSOCIATED PRESS AND tOTED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 27 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS r j WJAJtfk iJl L i3 vjr j attTllUWS xv ONE sJQ H9 JAP PLANES BOMB INDIAN ISLANDS U S FILIPINO FORCES DRIVE AGAINST ENEMY Believe Advance Made to Break Up Advanced Jap Concentration By EVERETT R HOLLES WASHINGTON Douglas MacArthurs indomi table men of Bataan have advanced their lines from one to eight kilo meters along their entire front during the past 48 hours the war department reported Friday Communique No 126 cover ingreports received up to a m EWT Friday said f ighlins was continuing between light forces of MacArthurs American Filipino army and the Japa nese Apparently it was a continua tion of the exploratory attaclc launched two days ago by Mac Arthur The department reported that this attack had re s ig the entire front still was no indication Q uuwuv that the attack important Japaneseheld that it has assumed of a major coun communique noted that HOT he ereatest advance was made t vyoa the right flank north of Filar w That area is on the Manila bay side of Bataan peninsula and represented the eastern anchor point of MacArthurs lines about half way up the peninsular MacArthurs twoday old offen sive still was a puzzle to military tacticians here although it was generally agreed that the advance probably was for the purpose of ascertaining enemy plans and breaking up advanced Japanese concentrations It was started after several dass of silence on the part of Japans numericallyfar superior army in Luzon at a time when an allout Japanese assault was expected momentarily Military officials said fighting was underway in numerous scattered parts of the archipel Bataan and behind the invaders the Jap anese are strurelingr to hotd their costly gains and organize for an attempted knockout assault After nearly three months of bitter ghting the Japanese are trying to bolster their lines across Bataan peninsula They have been thrown back on the defensive and driven back several kilometers near Manila bay by MacArthurs surprise thrusts V Not since Feb 12 when the fall of Masbate island in the heart of the islands was reported by the war department have the Jap anese been able to extend their conquest or unleash their threat ened allout assault against Mac Arthur despite their vast superi ority in manpower The increasing and savage re sistance of the Filipinos in guer rilla warfare for which they have been famous for genera tions was said by war depart ment officials to be aiding Mac Arthur and his invincibles in shatteringthe plans of General Masarahu Homma the Japanese Commanderinchief in the Philippines The combination of the Fili pinos primitive insurrection against the invaders and MacAr thurs tactical brilliance was said to have defeated obvious enemy plans to achieve a sxvift knock out of resistance in the Philip pines and release large force for the struggle of the Dutch East In dies 2000 miles to the southwest Informed military quarters stressed that MacArthurs surprise thrusts launched all along the 13 mile Bataan battlefront as re ported in a communique Thurs day must not be regarded as a counteroffensive of major pro portions It was indicated that no attempt would be of MacArthurs numerically in ferior forces which are without hopes of reinforcement break the Japanese main posi tions to beat the Japanese to M st SSSK Year Long Picket Parade Ends Bataan Front Joan Fontaine Gary Cooper Win Oscars ers union called aatnke against Masnn i0te INDORSEMENT OF THORNBURG HIT DoJhver Questions Motives of Wendell Willkie Visit in Iowa PORT DODGE I Doliiver of Fort Dodge candidate for the republican nomination for the United States senate Friday questioned the motives of Wen dell Willkies visit to loua last Tuesday In a statement Doliiver said Mark Thornburg also a candidate for the GOP senatorial nomina tion is an uncle by marriage of Gardner Cowles Jr Des Moines newspaper publisher The state ment described Willkie and Cowles as close friends Doliiver said Willkie went out on a limb as far as he could go to boost Uncle Mark TWO FREIGHTERS IN COLLISION Casimir Arrives in Port After Accident Off Atlantic Coast CHABLESTON S Car The public relations office of the sixth naval district announced Friday that the freighter Casimir had arrived in port here after a collision Thursday with another freighter off the Atlantic coast The Casimir brought the sur viving members of its crew and five bodies persons killed in the accident the announcement said The navy did not disclose the name of the other ship but said it was not badly damaged and pro ceeded to port Thursday The Casimir is owned by the pany of New York the navy said Expect Temperatures to Dip to Zero Mark in Northwest Iowa DBS M01NES tures are expected to dip to the zero mark in northwest Iowa Fri day night northwest five above in the north Senator Hatch Seriously Injured ALBUQUERQUE X IIP Senator Carl Hatch N Mex was injured internally possibly seriously in an auto mobile accident Friday The car in which he was riding over turned about SO miles southeast of Albuquerque Former American Destroyer Is Sunk LONDON British ad miralty announced Friday that the former American destroyer Bel mont has been sunk The Belmont IISO tons was one of 50 destroyers traded to Great Britain for western hemis phere bases She was finished in 1919 and was formerly named the Aulick Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Friday night Low 5 IOWA Little change in tempera ture Friday afternoon Slightly colder extreme east consider ably colder central portion Fri day night MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Friday afternoon colder most sections Friday night J IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 21 Minimum in night 19 At 8 a m Friday 19 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Snowfall 25 02 50 HANFORD HOTEL STRIKE SETTLED Agreement Ends Dispute Which Had Continued Here Since March 16 A strike which would have been a year oid March 10 was ended at 4 oclock Thursday afternoon when a satisfactory agreement was reached between the Hanford hotel management and represent atives of the local hotel and rest aurant workers union No 728 The agreement ending the 11 months old strike at the Hotel Hanford was announced by Mrs Ann Hunt business agent of the union The contract was signed by Tad Martin manager of the Han ford in behalf of the Blackhawk Hotels and Mrs Hunt for the union It provided for a regular 51 hour week for men and 48 hour week for the women and for in creased wages Mrs Hunt said Those taking part in the nego tiations other than Mr Martin and Mrs Hunt were B C North ington of Davenport vice presi dent of the Blackhawk Hotels A K r Hlbcrv ol NPnlr r mrtnf T WlHi Mr North mrttenUv mittently since last September and a half dozen meetings had been held in Mason City since that time Mrs Hunt said that approxi mately 20 union members former employes of the hotel were re turning to their workthere Others who went on strike found work elsewhere and three are in the army she said The following statement was is the Hotel Hanford We have concluded our ncgo lalions with the Hotel and Res taurant Workers union No 728 A F of L With I the agreement the piquets are re moved from Hotel Hanford Ap proximately 20 of the 29 people who went out on strike out of the staff of 96 employes will be re turned to work within a 30 day CLAIM SOVIETS TRAP GERMANS NEAR STARAYA Reds Claim 16th Nazi Armys Supply Lines Completely Severed MOSCOW Um Powerful Russian forces tightening their ring of steel around Staraya Kussa on the northwest front have completely severed the IGth German armys supply lines in preparation for a knockout blow the army organ Red Star said Friday By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS Russias armies opened fierce neiv attacks at both ends of tlie 1200 mile battlcfront Friday lashing from long besieged Leningrad in the north ancf on the Crimea peninsula in the south while Stockholm dispatches re ported that soviet cavalrymen had advanced to within 72 miles of the Latvian frontier Heavy battles were reported raging around Novgorod key German base on Lake Ilmcn 101 miles southeast of Leningrad A bulletin from red army head quarters said the Russians ap parently striking to divert nazi reserves from going to the relief ot 90000 Germans reported trapped south of Lake Ilmcn in the Staraya Russa sector des troyed 11 blockhouses and 30 gun emplacements and dugouts and killed 2500 Germans in a three day battle f V Adolf Hitlers field headquar ters acknowledged that the Rus sians were attacking fiercely on the Sevastopol and Kerch fronts in the Crimea but asserted that German and Rumanian troops had repulsed them with heavy losses Stockholm udviccs said red cavalry troops hud readied the vicinity of Sustjcvo a railway village in a drive toward the Latvian thrust im perilling the flank of the Ger man armies before Leningrad Meanwhile the Russian plea for opening of a second front to capi talize on red army gains against Adolf Hitlers war machine was laid before the allies by Ambassa dor Maxiii M Litvinoff Thurs day night with a declaration that victory might be won by the summer Hitler stakes all his hopes on a spring offensive Litvinoff told the Overseas Press club in New York He knows that cither he will win this campaign and win all or he will lose it and lose all the envoy said We should like our allies and friends to sec this as clearly as Uitlcr docs and act accordingly The possibility of an allied nut cracker action from western Eu rope or an oblique alignment through the Balkans or Scandi navia is obviously considered thoughtfully in Berlin A Berlin dispatch received via Stockholm by the London News Chronicle said British and Amer ican plans are in being for an im minent attack on the northern Norwegian and Finnish coasts in order to obtain communications with Russia through Murmansk Simple propaganda feeler though it may be Germany was said to have sent three heavy warships to Trondheim Nor way to counter such an at tack The soviet information bureau said Russian troops advanced against heavy enemy resistance and occupied several populated points again Thursday and re ported the annihilation of three German infantry battalions in night fighting on the western front Red Star soviet army ncwspa suggested that Leningrads Taxes Averaged for Each Resident in U S Last Year WASHINGTON state and local taxes averaged 5131 for each man woman and child in the United States last year the census bureau reported Friday shatter the German lines before Leningrad and reinforce the Lake Ilmen legions to the south British bombers attacked Kiel again Thursday nifflit it was announced in London following up Wednesday nights assault upon that German naval base where one of the damaged Ger man battleships which fled from Brest is in refuge Royai Hellenic Air Force flyers equipped with Hurricane fighters bearing Greek colors soon will be in action with British imperial forces in tlie eastern Mediterran ean the air ministry said Some Greek pilots already have engaged How Green Wos My Valley Best Picture of Year HOLLYWOOD Fon taine and Gary Cooper were given gold statuettes as the outstanding actress and actor of 1941 at the movies first wartime awards meeting Thursday night Miss Fontaine won for her portrayal of a woman who lived in constant fear that her husand would kill her The picture was Suspicion produced by KKO Cooper was acclaimed for his role as the World war No 1 hero Sergeant Alvin York in the Warner Bros picture of that name Miss Fontaine lost a bet to Wendell Willkie speaker of the evening who wagered S25 to er S10 that she would win She paid off promptly Other nominees for the best actress were her sister Olivia De Havilland Bettc Davis already a twotime winner Grccr Garson and Barbara Stanwyck Other mule nominees were Orson Welles Gary Grant Wal ter Huston and Robert Mont gomery Twentieth CenturyFox won the best picture award for the first time since the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences began giving Oscars in 1928 The film was How Green Was My Valley and it won major honors for two ot the men who helped make John Ford now a lieutenant commander in the navy was awarded a gold statuette for his directorial work on the film adapted from Richard Llewellyns best sellin book Ford also won best directing Oscnrs in 1D35 and 1MO for The Informer and Grapes of Wrath Donald Crisps work in How Green Was My Valley won him the for the years best male supporting role Mary Astor was proclaimed best supporting actress for War ner Bros The Great Lie Lieut Jimmy Stewart in uni form and Ginger Rogers who won the 1940 Oscars made the presentations to Cooper Fontaine Crisp and Astor Crisp a World war veteran and a captain in the California state guard also was in uniform Orson Welles Citizen Kane nominated for nine major and minor trophies received only original screen play Welles and Herman Manke wiecz shared it Walt Disney as usual carried off special honors for Fantasia and Dumbo and was given the Irv ing Thalberg memorial trophy for most consistently high production achievement The meeting starting with a faanciuet Thursday nifllit and con tinuing long past midnight drew 1600 persons 300 more than ever turned out before The dinner once called off because of the war but rein stated lacked most ot its usual glamour and fanfare There were no searchlights outside IMcn wore business suits or uni forms many army officers were guests Feminine stars yielded little to the informality however They appeared in eve ning dress adorned in fur jewels flowers Willkie departed from a pre pared address to assert If and when an air raid of any propor tions comes to Los Angele there will be no debate about it He arrived in the midst of a controversy over Los Angeles blackoutantiaircraft fire at still unidentified planes Wednesday morning Bursts of humor spotted the program as the actors and ac tresses took their parts in the fes tivities presenting the kie button and cracked Perkins and Willkie wound up with Joan Bennett Miss Bennett the wife of Wal ter Wanger president of the academy was seated on the speak ers platform That wasnt a blackout the other night Hope added That was W C Fields going home with John Barrymore d Uscar draped in skirts as the JOAN FONTAINE GARY COOPER York best sweater girl Benny coun tered Im caught with my gags down I cant do any more female impersonations tire rationing has taken away my girdle In his prepared address Willkie praised the industry as being among the first to appreciate fully true American antiaxis senti ment and to offer pictures reflect ing that sentiment and disclosing the vicious character of nazi plot ting and violence Turning to the war lie declared We will not win this war on the defensive We want our navy seeking out the enemy not hang ing on our shores for fear tlie enemy wilt seek us some of our distinguished senators have suggested We want our armies penetrat ing every active front We want our fighting planes leading our bombers to their goal It sickens me to thing of America in terms of defense If the victories ot to talitarianism have taught us any thing it is that those who win strike first Lets begin to strike Lets be gin to win ALLIES PLANES F R Warns Vichy Against Aiding Axis WASHINGTON President Roosevelt has warned the Vichy government acting Secretary of ernments assisting the declared Burgess Meredith to Belnc m HOLLYWOOD bugle call for army service sounded Fri day for another Hollywood star Burgess Meredith The actor who came from suc cesses on the Broadway stage awaits induction as a private in Uie army NEAR SUMATRA Nipponese Raiders Hit Andaman islands in Bay of Bengal By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Japanese warplanes were re ported Fiiday to have attacked Indian territory for the first time hyice bombing and machinegun ning the Andaman islands ill the Bay of Bengal 350 miles south west of Rangoon Burma on a vi tal united nations supply route to China Russia and the far Pa cific The raiders hits at Port Blair chief port of one of the island group inhabited by ferocious warriors of pigmy descent Calcutta and other Indian cities have already taken precautionary measures against n possible Japa nese attack In the battle of the Dutch cast Indies allied bombers smashed at a new Japanese invasion ar mada off Bangka island amid in dications that the badlymauled enemy was awaiting reinforce ments before risking an allout as sault on the united nations citadel of Java Baiigka lies out he east coast of lower Sumatra 270 miles north of Batavia Damage by heavy Japanese anti aircraft fire and the attack of Japanese planes which raced in as the Dutch planes left for home prevented the bomber crews from observing results but it was indi cated that great damage had been done It was believed that at ieast one of the Japanese planes was shot down before the Dutch planes got safely home 3 For reasons not yet clear Japa nese planes diminished the furor of their attacks on Java Nine planes made what was intended to be a heavy raid on the Socrabaja naval base They dropped many bombs the com munique said but all fell into the sea Their aim was spoiled because Dutch plane challenged them and soon drove them off The c o m m u n i q u t issued through the Netherlands Indies news agency said that no other raids on Java were reported The fleet which the Netherlands planes attacked lay off Bangka island opposite the Palembang area of Sumatra Netherlands planes also made a fierce and successful attack on the Palembang invasion area starting several fires the communique said Plane crews saw fires started in oil installations 10 days ago by Dutch demolition squads were still burning All Dutch planes returned The bombing and macliine Kunninsr of Port Blair principal town of tlie islands which lie miles southwest of Rangoon between lower Burma and the tip of India intensified the threat fo a key section of the empires lifeline and one of the back door routes for seaborne supplies to Russia and China Bases on the Andamans would put the Japanese within close striking distance of the sea lanes to Calcutta and Indias Chittagong district mentioned as the porU for supplies to Chungking over a new Indianorth Burma route British authorities in London said it was possible the Japanese already had an aircraft carrier in the Bay of Bengal and that Port Blair was attacked by carrier borne planes It was believed more likely however that the raiders came from Mergui Japa neseoccupied airbase on the coast of the Burma panhandle 400 miles to the cast Hard hit by shipping and plane losses the Japanese made 710 claim of tightening the siege of Java heart of the Dutch East Indies where it was disclosed that many thousands of American British and Australian troops were grim ly and with some eagerness await ing the invaders Fight like wildcats and fight like hell was the official slogan A bulletin from N E T head quarters said there had teen a noticeable slackening in Jap anese air assaults during the past few days and it was appar ent that the arrival of cannon blasting American Hying for tresses and other aerial rein forcements had at least tempered Japans superiority In the skies Besides pounding Japanese ships off Bangka island united nations bombers also delivered a violent attack on military targets near ;