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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITYGLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIOHIORS HOME EDITION VOL LVD Prcw and United Full Onti COPT MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 26 1951 This Paper Consltts of Two One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Checking Up on Some Predictions HOW time does fly Thats about the most threadbare of al cliches and I apologize for using it But I couldnt think of any more graphic portrayal of my re action to a little item which ap peared the other day in the 1C Years Ago department of the newspaper which keeps me in bread and butter It read W Earl Hall has been invited by Doctor Nicholas Murray But ler president of Columbia univer sity and head of the Carnegie En dowment to join a group of 12 journalists and educators on a 2 months factfinding tour of South America That was 10 years ago and it leems almost as if it were yester day And what a volume of water has flowed under the bridge and over the dam in that decade For one thing weve fought and won a war which was designed to ush er in a lasting peace And look at us now CheckingSome Predictions I could dwell at some length on that aspect of the matter but Ive decided if its all right with you to go back to my onthespot observations and reactions to the Latin American scene and check up as best I can on their ac curacy This course Incidentally is pretty dangerous for any news paper editor or radio commenta tor Thats because by the nature of our tasks commenting on and interpreting the passing show we are apt to reach some con clusions on the basis of too limited evidence I know about that Ive done it more than once The thing that impresses you first most and longest about South America or any other place for that matter is the people you meet I came out of the land south of Panama feeling that I had visited and lived among fellow hu man beings possessed of all the hopes and aspirations for the good life that we find in the United States Differences Are Superficial That they mostly are darker nomplexioned than most of us that they speak a different langu age Spanish mostly but Portu guese in that their living standards and their level of edu cation are patently below ours doesnt mean that they are in any an inferior people In short there isnt anything about South America along these lines that couldnt be corrected by a good dose of education This Ill come back to again because it is the one most important fact about Latin America Here I should make it clear that I was on a factfindingmission not a good will mission I was free to go where I wanted see whom I wanted and report the facts or what I assumed to be the facts exactly as I found them When I came home and reported rather bluntly that South Amer ica is without a democracy some were disposed to look askance at the observation Others felt that even though it MIGHT be true it was something better left un said It would offend those sensi tive Latins Understated H Anything In the unrolling of historys parchment in the decade that has passed since that marvelous odys sey none of my conclusions or predictions has been more com pletely borne out than this one I may even have UNDERSTATED it There not only wasnt anything resembling a democracy in South America our kind of democ racy I mean but there wasnt and isnt a chance of such a gov ernment springing up so long as Only 1 out of 5 persons can read or write Or you can turn that statement by pointing out that so long as Latin America is the vic tim of widespread illiteracy its Inevitable that there will be dic tatorship in one form or another It can be either a benevolent despot or a malevolent despot South America has had both kinds They Have to Be Led The principle operative here is almply this People who cant see the light HAVE to be led They are not equipped to perform the duties of enlightened citizenship so essential to the successful op eration of a democracy More strikingly than any other place Ive ever been South Amer ica is a land of extremes Theres fabulous wealth on one hand en joyed by perhaps 1 or 2 per cent of the people Theres pain ful poverty for 90 per cent Then tucked in between those is a tiny middle class consisting of no more than 10 per cent of the total population and probably more nearly 5 per cent Thats the kind of people who make up the rank and file of the United States of America Why is there this extreme between the economic Itatus In South America Why the CONTINtJED ON PAGE 2 GlobeGazette photo by Musser HE MADE Gail Lamb 528 Van Buren N W decided to risk driving his car out despite the flood Monday His son had to go to school and he had to go to work They made it without difficulty The camera faces west on 6th N W and shows the intersec tion with Van Buren HL McKinley to Fight Potato Marketing Plan A n r H L McKin ley prominent Iowa farmer Mon day challenged a 1950 potato market agreement affecting Iowa and said he would put up a fight if federal authorities at tempt to prosecute him for fail ing to comply with it McKinley an active republi can announced he had written a letter to Senator Bourke B Hick enlooper The letter complained that the north central state po tato market area had been set up by Secretary of Agriculture Charles F Brannan by dicta torial methods McKinley charged that after 24 of 25 Iowa potato producers pro tested the marketing agreement last year 12 counties of the state were gerrymandered into an area including North Dakota Wis consin Minnesota Michigan and 20 counties of Indiana Loosely Conducted Then a marketing agreement for this area McKinley said was approved by a mail election which he claims was very loosely conducted He accused Brannan of arbi trary use of authority to bring about the election asserting that it was held in September after the 1950 crop was grown and mostly harvested The effective date in Iowa was Nov 27 and gave growers no chance McKin ley said to decide in advance whether they wanted to come un der the dictatorial domination of Mr Brannan McKinley said that because he did not comply an investigator from the department of agricul ture arrived in St Ansgar Feb 15 and started making a gestapo type investigation In our case the persecution has started he said adding that he was ready to fight any action taken against him McKinley pointed in his letter hat he sold potatoes to the gov ernment from the 1946 crop but that in the next 4 years he did not take a dollar of government support money for potatoes Records in the Mitchell county PMA office he noted will show that for the years 1947 1948 1949 and 1950 we planted from 10 to 25 per cent less potato acreage than our allotment called for Sweepinc Powers Brannan has allocated to him self powers as sweeping as any dictator declared the potato grower He cited the following 1 He appoints the committee to handle the area The growers are allowed the privilege of mak ng nominations but have no choice in the selection 2 He can discharge or replace any member of this committee without reason 3 He can change the size and grade of potatoes which are legal o sell from this area without con sultation and on one days notice and may vary sizes and grades for different sections of the area 4 Testimony has shown that he committee makes no decisions They merely carry out Brannans directives 5 The only appeal from the de cisions of this committee is to the same committee 6 They state in the marketing agreement that the committee is exempt from legal recourse be cause of errors of commission or omission which may damage any individual or firm 3 Veterans McKinley pointed out in his let er that the entire McKinley fam ily is involved 3 sons who are all overseas veterans of World war II being his partners They represent an aggregate of 10 years of service the letter stated We are unanimous in feel ing that this socialistic and dicta torial use of power represents what they spent 10 years of their lives fighting against If this can happen in Iowa to Little potato growers it can later be applied to other groups and end up in loss of opportunity and basic freedoms on which this country was founded INDICTMENT DISMISSED Dubuque Judge Milton J Glenn Saturday dis missed an indictment charging James Norton a Dubuque news dealer with importing and dis tributing obscene literature The dismissal was asked by County Attorney John L Duffy on grounds of lack of evidence high water ments EuropeTroop Plan Only a Starter Taft Ohioan Believes as Many as 18 Divisions May Be Sent Abroad Washington Taft ROhio said Monday that as many as 18 U S land divisions may be sent to Europe unless con gress limits the power of President Truman The senate republican policy leader said in a statement pre pared for the troopstoEurope hearings that it would be fool hardy to commit even 6 divisions to western Europes defense until might the United States gets definite commitments on contributions by European nations Taft testified before thesenate foreign relations and armed serv ices committees after John Sher man Cooper republican adviser to the state department said fail ure by this country to provide foot soldiers for the North Atlan tic defense force might involve the greatest surrender in his tory Befogfed Asserting that administration witnesses had deliberately be fogged the whole project Taft said there is no doubt in his mind that the 6 American divisions Secre tary of Defense Marshall said will be assigned to the allied force un der Gen Dwight D Eisenhower are only a starter Marshall has told the commit tees that 4 divisions Will be sent to Europe in addition to the two already there Noting Marshalls statement that Europe will contribute the ma jor portion of ground troops Taft declared This might mean an American contribution of anywhere from 10 per cent to 30 per cent from per daps 6 divisions to 18 divisions He said that unless the United States gets definite assurances from other nations they will fill their quotas we should certain ly not risk American divisions to provide a hopeless defense Condemned to Defeat We would certainly be con demning our army to defeat and Europe to destruction if Russia at tacks he declared Taft said that as far as any 3ody can judge only 37 divisions inadequate in sight for western Europes de fense including 6 American He told the committees that so far as he is concerned the issue is not merely the ending of addition al U S troops to Europe but the establishment of an international army there He insisted congress must pass on this question and must have definite commitments that the European nations will bear the greatest share of the troop burden Contending that the president has no power to enter into agree ments with other nations to estab lish an international army without the approval of congress the Ohioan said administration plans are being kept deliberately in a fog of uncertainty He said that administration wit nesses before the committees had tried to escape admitting that there is a definite plan for the set up of an international force EXECUTIVE DIES Defray Beach Fla H Brown chairman of the board and chief executive officer of JohnsManville corporation a na tive of Creston Iowa died of a heart attack here Monday He was 57 years old SAME Black flir truffle ftit 24 kom Basements Flooded by High Water Firemen had 6 calls from Ma son City homes Sunday evening and Monday morning because of General Calls Enemy Pullback a Near Rout By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo of the U S 7th division knifed ahead Monday on the right flank of the 8th army offensive in Central Korea to a point 6 miles north of Pangnim A patrol of the crack division met rifle and antitank fire but air observers reported the reds were withdrawing Mondays action was the 1st time the 7th division only American unit to reach the Manchurian border has been and flooding base Ice jams had been blasted out of Willow creek during the night however and unless predicted rains are heavy the citys streams will not get much higher said Cliff Hamblin city engineer Nearly an inch of rain Sunday and melting snows caused several streets to be covered with water First S W under the viaduct on highway 18 had about 3 feet of water Monday morning Firemen at 6 a m Monday helped Hugh Dickinson from his home at 520 Van Buren N W in order that he could get to work Other homes in the area north of Parkers Woods had flooded base ments and 3 streets between 4th and 6th N W were covered with overflow water from Willow creek They were Van Buren Harrison and Tyler Hamblin said that a heavy rain cause streams in the city to rise but with colder weather the water would stay within the banks Winnebago river in East park was still within its banks Monday morning Within a space of 35 minutes Sunday evening firemen answer ed 4 calls because of water in basements At p m they shut off the electricity in the E D Riser home 420 Van Buren N W because of high water At they answered a call to the Tyler Stewart residence 1017 Washington S W because of a flooded basement At they got a call from the R E Sarset residence 301 Rhode Island S E saying that the sewer was backing up in the basement At p m they gol tlie same kind of a call from the E A Tessien home 610 Vermont S E Early Sunday morning they received a call from 211 3rd N W residence of Mrs Ada Ran dall concerning water seepage in the basement Norman Pheii Found Dead in Creek Was Missing for Month See Picture on Page 2 Norman Pheil 39 missing from his home at 553 2nd N E since about Jan 16 was found dead in Willow creek here Sunday after noon Dr Ralph E Smiley county coroner said it appeared the body bad been in the water for a con siderable time possibly since Jan 16 Pheil had been working in var ious Mason City junkyards and failed to report for work at Chazens on Jan 23 His former wife Vivian Pheil 701 N Federal that day reported him to police as missihg He was born Sept 8 1911 in Mason City the son of Otto and Lulu Pheil He had been employed at various garages Surviving are two children Elizabeth and Norman Jr Clear Lake and 3 brothers Raymond Everett Carl and Warren Pheil all of Minneapolis and 5 sisters Mrs Donald Luella Anderson Ypsilanti Mich Mrs Frank Marie Hull Minneapolis Minn Mrs Ruth Mazeda Saita Barbara Cal Ella May Parson Ypsilanti Mich and Mrs Wilma Johnson Wheeler Ridge Cal He was preceded in death by his parents and a sister Frances Funeral services will be held at 1 p m Tuesday at the Colonial chapel with Doctor Lloyd A Gus tafson pastor of the First Meth odist church officiating Burial will be at Elmwood cemetery The Colonial funeral home is in charge Senate Passes CostFree Life Insurance for GIs Washington IP The senate Monday passed by voice vote a bill to provide costfree life insurance policies for all persons on duty with the armed forces since June 27 A compromise now will have to be worked out with the house ATTORNEY DIES Molnes C Strock 77 prominent Des Moines attor ney died Sunday Red Forces Pushed Back by 7th Division Offense identified in combat since it withdrew from the Changjin reservoir to the Hungnam beach head last December North of Chechon The American 2nd division slogging north through the mud bound mountains on the lefl flank of the 7th reached a point 18 miles north of Chechon its jumping off place when opera tion killer began last Wednes day The 2nd and 7th were spear heading the cautious 10th corps advance along the mountain spines of central Korea Retreating reds fought only rearguard actions Nevertheless they lost another estimated 1861 killed and wounded Sunday as UN forces advanced as much as J miles The red pullback from a threat ened UN trap was so rapid thai Lt Gen Edward M Almond 10th corps commander called it a vir tual rout An estimated 14000 Korean reds escaped as a giant allied pin cers bogged down in deep mud left by heavy rains and an early thaw They continued to flee northward groups of 100 to by U S fighterbombers Food From Air Communists were also pressed by UN infantrymen sometimes so far in advance of truck supply lines they had to get food and am munition from air drops or Ko rean peasants with pack harnesses But red buildups truck convoys slipping down from the north a night and new entrenchments in dicated the communists were pre paring to make a stand in the mountains ahead to halt the creep ing advance of the 100000 man UN army The slowdown in the allied ad vance came as General Almond announced his 10 corps had des troyed the immediate effectiveness of two north Korean corps that drove on Chechon last week We believe the 5th corps is out of food and ammunition Al mond said and that the shiny new 3rd hell pounded out of have many soldiers left Mud Saved Trap He estimated his men had killed or wounded 3000 or 4000 reds in the 6dayold operation killer The operation has been bogged down in foot7thick chocolate brown mud since its start Only that and the alertness of the reds Almond said saved the Korean reds from being crushed complete ly in a huge allied trap Officers of the 2nd division part of the 10th corps reported Sunday night the bulk of com munist forces had escaped from the HoengsongPyongchang pin cers on the right flank when UN tanks bogged down in the mud These same officers predicted there might be stiff fighting in the next few days if communists halt in their present positions north of HoengsongPyongchang road Air reports said about 15000 reds were in foxholes on the heights to the north Flanking Attempt The communists appeared to be preparing to meet what they ex pect may be an allied attempt to flank Seoul Air observers report ed from 16000 to 12000 uncon cealed of them a radius of 4 miles just north of the Han and 8 miles east of Seoul New red tanks were reported spotted around Seoul concealed in houses and the woods Allied commanders interpreted the red buildup as definite pre parations to put up an allout fight for the former capital if the allies choose to move against it Actions Sunday and Monday added only slightly to the already reported casualty totals General Almond said his 10th corps has inflicted 64000 casual ties on the central front since Jan 4 The 8th army figures covering the entire front list 133760 red casualties from Jan 17 to Feb 20 Far east air forces war planes flew more than 500 sorties against the reds Sunday Carrier based planes from the Bataan struck the flaeju and ChinnamifO sectors on the northwestern Korea coast Marine Corsair planes ranged in 250000 Yanks in Korea Fight Washington fi Gen Omar N Bradley disclosed Monday that about 250000 Americans in all branches of the armed services now are fighting in the Korean campaign The chairman of the joint chiefs of staff testifying before the house armed services committee did not give a breakdown of figures for the army navy marines and air force Over in Korea Bradley said there are approximately a quar ter of a million Americans who are fighting for this nation and our position in world affairs The committee is considering a compromise military manpower bill which would lower the draft age to set up machinery for universal military service as part of a long range program Bradley said world conditions which caused the joint chiefs of staff to recommend a partial mo bilization of 3500000 men may persist for 15 or 20 years He said such a size force as h a s been recommended may have to be maintained for some time to come The general said if the situa tion gets worse the figure may have to be enlarged We cannot maintain such forces by voluntary enlistments he added Besides providing huge num bers of men through the draft Bradley said there is an urgent need for a system that will pro vide training of others through reserve components Clear Lake Girl Spends Honeymoon in Albert Lea Jail Albert 25yearold man who said he was from Mason City was spending his honeymoon in jail here Monday accused of pass ng bad checks in Northwood and Albert Lea The man Dale H Johnson was ncked up Friday night in a cafe icre He and the former Ellen E Harvey 21 Clear Lake were married Friday Both spent the night in jail here in separate cells Johnson gave his name as Rob ert Gilpin Mason City when he allegedly passed the bad checks The Northwood sheriff called Al jert Lea asking that Johnson be icked up Police here found Johnson had cashed two checks about 5 min utes before they entered a store He had also cashed a check in a drug store Johnsons wife said she had cnown him about 6 months before their marriage but added she did not know he had spent 3 years in reformatory on a stolen car charge Before leaving for Clear Lake with her parents Saturday norning she said she would stick jy her husband Johnson is scheduled to appear Tuesday for a municipal court hearing Mrs Johnson is the daughter of captain of railroad police in Clear Lake AP Wirephoto REDS ATTACK IN THE CENTER Mondays biggest action in Korea was west of Hoengsong where two Chinese battalions attacked South Korean elements In other battles UN forces made a foray across the Han river east of Seoul B but withdrew under heavy communist fire On the east flank of the central front South Korean troops occupied Chongson Will Arraign Kitts Hardy at Fort Dodge Sioux City Two former convicts accused by the govern ment of stealing last fall from the Laurens bank Wednes day will be arraigned before Federal District Judge Henry N Graven at Fort Dodge Iowa The men Kenneth Kitts now ha the Woodbury county jail and Yancey Douglas Hardy in custody in the Linn county jail at Cedar Rapids will be taken by deputy United States marshalls to Fort Dodge fdr the arraignment The two face a maximum of 40 years in prison on 3 counts if con victed Indictments returned last November by a grand jury in Sioux City charge them with bank robbery stealing currency and transporting it across the border William B Danforth assistant United States attorney said no Tell of More Influence in RFC Loans Washington senators got from John B Skiles former official of the Dallas RFC office testimony Monday that Ross Bohannon asked him about getting influential help on a 100000 RFC loan Then they heard a former RFC employe testify he understood Skiles suggested it to The senators are digging for the truth back of conflicting stories they received last week from Bo hannon a Dallas lawyer and E Merle Young Washington insur ance man Bohannon said Young proposed to help put through the loan to the Texmass corporation for a fee Young denied it He said Bohannon had ap proached him Monday the senators heard Skiles testify Bohannon mention ing a possible fat fee talked to government witnesses will appear him about the possibility of get land as far as Hoengsong Women Outnumber Men for First Time Washington JP For the 1st time in U S census history wom en outnumbered men in last springs big headcount The ratio 1000 women to 981 men This was one of the points in a report on the 1950 census made public by the census bureau Among the others The number of children under 10 years old increased 40 per cent between 1940 and 1950 In the same decade the number of persons over 65 increased 37 per cent Two out of every 3 Americans over 14 are married During the 12 months which preceded the census about i of the population moved from one house to another at the arraignment Wednesday The United States prosecutor sail no been set for the tria of the case but added that it would arobably be held at Mason City next month Kitts was brought to the Wood bury county jail last week after hi was captured by the FBI at Oma ha following his escape from the Linn county jail last month Mr Danforth said that at the momen the government does not plan to charge Kitts with escape from federal custody Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Monday night with low near 24 Increas ing cloudiness with light snow showers likely Tuesday high Tuesday near 40 Iowa Partly cloudy Monday nigh with low 25 to 35 northwest 3C to 35 southeast Tuesday consid erable cloudiness with snou flurries extreme north Littl change in temperature Hig Tuesday 35 to 40 northwest 40 to 45 southeast Further outlook Low Tuesday night 28 to 32 Wednesday mostly cloudy with rain overspreading the stat from the southwest Little change in temperature Minnesota Cloudy and colder Monday night and Tuesday with diminishing winds and ligh snow north and central and few snow flurries extreme south Low Monday night 1622 north 2430 south High Tuesday 2025 north 3035 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Feb 26 Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 39 33 35 85 8 11 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 36 32 36 J inch 6 3 ting Young or William M Boyle now democratic national chair man to influence granting of the loan Next they called to their wit ness chair Berrium M Lindsley a former employe in the RFC Dallas office Lindsley said he believes it was Skiles who suggested to Bohannon that Texmass ought to hire outside help on the loan He said it is his understanding that Skiles mentioned Young as the man to handle the loan The understanding he said resulted from his conversations with Skiles The inference I got he said was that Young was a man of in fluence through connections with Donald Dawson but that Young was not to do anything out of the way but see that certain small details were taken care of in con nection with the loan Dawson is an aide to President Truman Asked whether Young actually was influential through his friend ship with Dawson Lindsley said I have no reason to doubt it Senate Group OKs Stopgap Rent Control Washington ff The senate janking committee Monday proved a stopgap 90day exten sion of federal rent controls until June 30 Chairman Maybank DSCar old reporters the committee had authorized him to introduce an extension resolution with the un derstanding that hearings would je started next month on adding a federal rent control section to he defense production act The hearings he said will be lesigned to determine what fed ral rent control will be required fter June to meet defense needs Under present law federal con rols expire on March 31 except n communities thatvote to con inue them Communities that do 0 may remain under federal ceil ngs until June 30 The resolution Maybank will ffer for his committee will re erse the situation Federal rent eilings will continue in effect un 1 June 30 except in communitiet hat exercise their option to get ut from under them ;