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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME AITlnENT OF KisTcir AND ARC KOINES I A LUMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LUI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 26 This Paper Consists of Two One No 118 BAN LOCAL OPTION IN LIQUOR BILL US CLAIM TO PACIFIC ISLES PRESSED IN t Expect No Opposition to Our Demands After Approval by Russians Lake Success N Y United States pressed its claim t Japans Pacific mandates befor the United Nations security coun cil Wednesday promising to buil the islands into a farflung bas tion dedicated tq general securil under the United Nations Heartened by Soviet Russia approval American officials an ticipated almost no resistance their plan for legally removing 62 islands and nearly 1000000 squar miles of the Pacific from Japanes control and placing them undc exclusive United States trustee ship In a specially prepared analy sis the United States UN delega tion defended its trusteeship de mands and maintained that th I program was the only way to as j sure the security of this countr and the maintenance of in ternational peace and security Former Senator Warren Austin chief American delegate w ready to elaborate on the Arneri can plan when the council met a 3 p m EST to begin consideratio of the trusteeship proposal Soviet Russias unexpected ap proval of the trusteeship plan lef only minor British and Australia criticism in the way of prompt ap proval by the security council Th 2 countries maintain the Unite States should wait for the Japa nese peace negotiations to press it claim but they have clearly en dorsed exclusive American trus teeship of the islands Here in brief are major provi sions of the draft agreement am the American delegations com ment on them 1 The United States will be sol administering authority of thi trust islands with 846 square miles of land area and population of though it had no claim to the islands be fore World war II The United States was primar ily responsible for their liberation is presently responsible for their administration and considers them essential to the security of this country and to the maintenance of international peace and secur ity 2 The United States will have full powers of administration legislation and jurisdiction over the territory as an integral par of the United States The phrase integral part of Americans said does not imply sovereignty over the territory S The United States will be able to call all or any part of the territory a strategic area and thus bar the nationals of all other countries and even keep out the UNs trusteeship inspectors A major exception however will be any inspection system sei up under a UN atomic control or general disarmament program HOUSE PASSES POULTRY TAX Des Moines JP The house voted Tuesday to place a tax on operators of large poultry farms just before the legislators were luncheon guests of a house mem ber who operates a large turkey farm The poultry bill passed 97 to 0 and sent to the senate would sub ject to taxation poultry flocks with an actual value of or more Poultry now is tax free Rep W H Nicholas RMason who was host at a turkey luncheon did not oppose the measure He said that while he was one of the big gest turkey operators in the state he thought the big operators should pay a tax For the luncheon in honor of his wifes he brought in 19 smoked and roasted turkeys Besides the legislators guests were legislative clerks state officers and the press 2 Young Men Admit Spree With Bad Checks Omaha JP Two young men pleaded guilty to forgery charges in district court Tuesday and ad mitted financing a 5day spree in Omaha by passing worthless checks Donald L Richards 19 of Sioux City Iowa pleaded guilty to 2 charges of making and possessing a forged check and William P Reynolds 21 of Tekamah Nebr to charges of forging a check Sentence was deferred by Judqe James T English Italians Flee Lava Flow From Mounf Etna Rome JP Dispatches from Sicily said Wednesday night molten lava flowing slowly from a new crater blown out of the side of Mount Etna menaced several com munities in its path and villagers were fleeing in panic The fiery stream was reported to have reached within 2500 yards of the first Passo Pisciaro below the crater Dispatches from Catania to Romes Giornale Dltalia said the lava began flooding down on a 300yard front at a rate of about 70 yards an hour and that when it reached the plain of Damusi at an altitude of about lGOO yards it broke into 3 forks The northeast and largest was said to be oozing toward Cisterna Di Collabasso on the plains of Palombe spreading ward and a smaller stream lag Another fork was inexorably northwest ging somewhat pushed on be tween the 2 In some places incandescent mass was reported up to 200 yards deep Mount Etna has had no notable eruption since 1928 when lava de stroyed the village of Mascati Sligh Manifestations occurred Jan 30 Feb 11 this year The eruption which began Tuesday reached proportions the serious ness of which could not be fully ascertained at once because of clouds of smoke obscuring obser vation Dispatches from Catania how ever said that after 20 hours of eruption lava had covered an area of about a mile and a half on a front of about 165 yards The eruption was still continuing A Catania dispatch to the Rome newspaper Risorgimento said that flashes of flame were first ob served at noon Monday on the north slope of Mount Etna mid way between Mt Cacciatore and Mt Timparossa Lava began to descend Tuesday in a broad front toward Mt Tim parossa flowing into the plain o Palombe and then continuing over the Collaboasso hill The lava was threatening the villages of Fasso Pisciaro and Randazzo to thi northwest of Etna In its flow toward Passo Pis ciaro the lava met an obstruction which diverted it into the Musu meci valley which it was reportec to be slowly filling reaching a some points a depth of more than 600 feet Scientists who rushed to the scene and those stationed at the Etna observatory station said the eruption might succeed in filling the entire valley in the course o the day if the flow should con tinue at its present rate HOG PRICES shows hog price average for each year since 1930 compiled from U S department of agriculture information until Tuesdays record a hun dredweight established on the Chicago livestock market Experts Believe Housewives Will Not Buy Pork Chops Livestock Specialist Expects Resistance by Consumers to Hit Price Washington agricul ure department Wednesday dis ount talk of pork hops with an assertion tha housewives wont stand for it Skyrocketing hog prices merely eflect a seasonal decline in mar ketable animals said Charles L larlan department livestock price pecialist And he told a reporter he ex eets consumer means housewives with their dan er force a downturn hose prices soon Department economists held heir contention that food price butter cheese evaporated dry milk eggs poultry Hogs Hit Los Angeles exist ing records were shattered here Tuesday when hog prices hit a top of a hundredweight The Union Stockyards closing quotation was almost double the local wartime ceiling of and the highest in the 25 year history of the yards evels reached their postwar peak ast October after most govern ent controls were removed It is possible that prices dur ng the first half of the year may old their own or increase very ightly said James P Cavin arm and food price economist But we see no possibility of their imbing back to anywhere near he peak of last October Some foods already have de ined in cost since the first of the ear and further decreases are In this class are fluid nilk and frozen fish fresh and rocessed vegetables and canned uits The departments economics ureau in a recent food situation eport predicted a downturn in rices of better grades of beef in ie spring and summer when arketings of cattle now on grain ied should increase Officials pointed out that prices eggs and some dairy products ave dropped to levels requiring c government to act to assure reducers minimum prices guar nteed them by law Grain prices have increased imewhat in recent weeks under ie impact of a heavy foreign de and But officials expect a re tion when the 1947 winter wheat being forecast as the rgest of harvested in e spring and early summer In a report issued Wednesday i the outlook for food fats and Is the department said prices these commodities are expected continue at present levels dur g the next few months Bui thev may decline when marketings oj this years soybean peanut and flaxseed crops begin Additional reassurance for wor ried consumers came from Dr Ed win C Nourse chairman of a 3 man panel of economists set up to advise the president under the employment act of 1946 Nourse declared 1947 will see a transition definitely from a sellers market to a buyers market Federation Chairman Jerome M Ney chimed in with the statement that prices are higher than con sumers want to pay and as supply reasserts itself the consumer will become more selective in buying On the other side of the picture Hogs hit a hundred pounds highest in history at Chicago Tuesday and a meat packing of ficial commented that consumers seem willing to pay high for pork Stocks broke to in New York because of fears by share holders that cost of living hikes may lead to new wage demands and productionhampering strikes Maj Gen Philip B Fleming administrator of the office of tem porary controls said sugar may soar to 30 cents a pound unless congress restores slashed from OPA spending esti mates He said the OPA would be un able to carry on sugar rationing and enforcement of price ceilings without the funds NEW BLIZZARD HITS BRITAIN London great new bliz zard the most severe in years worsened the British fuel crisis Wednesday isolating hundreds of villages and shutting down scores of industries The storm was centered in northern England and Wales tumbling temperatures to around zero Fahrenheit and piling up to 15 nches of snow on that which had alien before Highways and rail ivays to the coal mines were ilocked Thousands of industrial work ers were storm bound Even some arger towns such as Newcastle and Sunderland were isolated The mercury dropped to as low as 10 below zero on the northern European continent Two persons froze to death in Frankfurt Ger many The Polish army turned artillery against ice jams in the Vistula and Oder rivers A government source here said nore than 2000000 workers would egin night shift work next week n a master scheme to stagger the oad on the nations strained elec ric supplies and that Britain vould seek surplus generating eauipment in Germany Deputies of Big 4 Adjourn Bogged Down London fP Deputy foreign the Big Four ad schedule Tuesday ministers of journed on night still snagged in disagree ment on preliminary problems surrounding a peace treaty for Germany and leaving the Austrian peace treaty largely unwritten Despite the lack of accord the deputies expressed belief that they had accomplished a great deal in the way of laying groundwork for the foreign ministers council meet ing at Moscow March 10 and there was a general air of cordial good will at a dinner for the deputies and negotiators Tuesday night The deputies working on the German settlement bogged down in the final session of their 6 weekold conference Tuesday in a dispute on how their disagree ments were to be reported to Mos cow Feodor T Gousev soviet deputy declared he would not associate himself with a report summarizing the points upon which Britain France the United States Russia were in agreement and and listing disagreements in the form of marginal notes or annexes The negotiators finally agreed to report in this language The deputies failed to work out procedure for consultations with allied governments This was the principal disagree ment which encumbered the dep uties since they started work Jan 14 under instructions of the for ign ministers to cut away as much underbrush as possible by AUSTIN PICKED FOR POST IN UN Washington President Truman Wednesday nominated Warren R Austin United States delegate to the United Nations as his countrys representative on he U N commission for cdfiven ional armaments The commission was established 2 weeks ago by the U N security council to work for international disarmament It will deal with all veapons except the atomic bomb EXPECT SUGAR RATION BOOST FOR CONSUMER Government Guarantees 25 Lbs for Housewives During 1st 9 Months Washington IP The govern ment Wednesday guaranteed 2 pounds of sugar for householi users during the 1st 9 months o 1947 and an OPA official said i is a safe guess the years in dividual allowance will be 3 more than last year In a joint statement the agri culture department and the office of temporary controls 1 Reiterated that a new stamp good for 10 pounds will be vali dated on April 1 2 Announced another 10 pounds will be validated on July 1 3 Announced increases in 2nd quarter sugar rations for bakers soft drink bottlers candy makers preserve manufacturers and othei industrial users and for hotels restaurants and eating places Household users already havi been allocated 5 pounds of suga for use during the 1st 3 months of this year Von Papen Begins Sentence Nuernberg von apen was removed from the Ger man jail in Nuernberg Wednes day to the Langwasser labor camp where he will serve the 8 year sentence imposed Monday by a German denazification court Von intends to appeal the sen erice to the German superior court Britain Seeks Early Verdict on Palestine London high govern ment source revealed Wednesdaj that Great Britain is exploring th possibility of bringing the Pales tine issue before a special genera assembly meeting of the United Nations before the scheduled Sep tember session Sir Alexander Cadoiran Brit ains representative on the UN se curity council the source said has opened discussions with Trygve Lie UN secretarygeneral in New York to determine whether a spe cial session is feasible The British were said to have suggested a streamlined genera assembly session which would be onfined to the Palestine issue and in which UN members would be represented by their permaneni staffs in New York rather than delegates coming in from all over the world There was no indication wheth er such a meeting would prove easible under UN procedure The British suggestion was that the special session consider Palestine and then report its findings to the regular assembly meeting in Sep tember Britain the source said has lit le hope that any real progress on alestine can be made outside the jnited Nations despite the state ment by Foreign Secretary Ernest Xevin that he was prepared to try again to find common ground be ween the Jews and Arabs British efforts this source said would be directed toward improv ing relations with moderate Arab leaders in an attempt to tone down the attitude of Arab ex tremists and in that way bolster the Arab case before the United Nations Wallace to Change Legal Residence New York Wallace editor of the New Republic an nounced Wednesday that he in tends to change his legal residence from Iowa to New York as soon as he can find an apartment The former vice president now lives with friends here Federal Grand Jury to Hear Slavery Charges Against Pair Los Angeles federal grand jury will be asked Wednesday o return an indictment against 2 socially prominent Bostonians ac used of violating the 13th amendment and holding a Negro maid ki lavery for 30 years The jury will hear the tiny Negress story of more than a quarter entury spent serving Wesley Ingalls 64 and his wife Mira Elizabeth 2 The government charges that the couple forced the maid Dora L ones 59 to work without nd thus violated the antislavery mendment which grew out of he Civil war Ingalls a former Massachusetts egislator branded the charges ridiculous when arraigned at Ian Diego Tuesday and freed with ils wife on bonds each Assistant U S Attorney Wil iarri Ritzi said Dora L Jones 59 vas forced to labor for 30 years vithout pay by her former friend nd teacher who threatened dis losure of an undisclosed crime ommitted by the Negress during rs Ingalls previous marriage The 5 foot 90 pound woman vas taking life easy Wednesday or the first time since 1918 She a ffnisl at a prvate home in San Diego hidden by the FBI until the case can be heard She had not spoken to anybody outside the family in years and cowered before police answering their questions in timid whispers Officers said she was fairly in telligent She told police she worked 16 hours a day at menial jobs in the Ingalls swank Lynn Mass and Coronado Cal homes She also cared for apartments in a build ing Ingalls owned on Bostons Beacon street She said she had not seen a movie in the 30 years had no time to go out and no money to spend Her clothes were castoffs She was frequently mistreated she sairl AP Wircpljoio OHIO VETS STAGE BONUS 400 Ohio waj veterans press demands for a speedy enact ment of the state bonus legislation in an orderly march to the statehouse in Columbus Ohio Tuesday afternoon Gov Thomas 5 Herbert told them lie thought Ohioans should be given opportunity to vote on the bonus question Columbus Ohio IP Several hundred World War II veterans marched into the state house Tuesday demanding prompt action by the general assembly on a state bonus and other legislation intended to ease their financial situation and living conditions The Ohio veterans conference in session in Columbus sponsored the bonus march Members said it grew out of work done by the Col linwood veterans committee posed of delegates from 35 union shops in the Cleveland industrial area The marchers bore signs say ing Ohio Vets Want Cash Not Promises Vets Cant Eat Medals We Want a Low Rent Housing Project We Fought for Democracy Not to Destroy Our Unions A number of the signs carried the numbers of the CIO locals of which the veterans are members Specifically the former service men requested Enactment of a state bonus law of monthly For domestic service and monthly for foreign service to be financed by tax on corporate and high incomes and levy against gambling a state lowrent hous ing project an improved state G I Bill of Eights a state fair employment practices law and an improved state veterans health program Gov Herbert told a veterans delegation conferring with him that 11 proposals to benefit vet erans including a bonus were be fore the assembly A bonus plan he explained would have to be approved by the electorate Truman Sends Army Navy Merger Proposal to Congress Measure Would Unify Armed Forces Under Single Defense Head Washington resident Truman Wednesday sent to con gress legislation to unify the irmy navy and air forces under a single secretary of national de ense The measure would set up a ational defense establishment under which would be a depart ment of the army a department of he navy and a department of he air force The secretary of national de ense would be a civilian with abinet rank The others would lot have cabinet rank The president announced the rmy and navy had reached agree ment on the unification plan on an 17 Each unit of the new unified lefense establishment would op rate under its own secretary who vould be responsible directly to he secretary of national defense The war department would be mown as the department of the rmy and the title of the secretary f war would be revised to secre ary of the army Other congressional develop ments President William Jreen said Wednesday it might ie a good thing to give employers free speech and make unions ile financial reports and register vith the government In testimony before the house abor committee Green thus de arted a little from his role of un eviating opposition to all new abor legislation senate atomic en rgy committee heard its last cheduled witness Wednesday and vill decide Thursday whether to ear any further testimony on 3avid E Lilienthals fitness to be hairman of the atomic energy ommission Portal house rules ommittee voted to put an anti ortal pay bill before the house Vednesday with debate limited to hours Democratic members of he house judiciary committee ondemned the bill as an attack n the fair labor standards act Styles Bridges f the senate appropriations com littee called for legislation to ind up OPA this spring and put ugar rice and rent controls in ther hands The days ivclonmcnts included 4 new noncongressional endorsements of Lilienthal and testimony that communists in the TVA practiced nude dancing J S Remine 75yearold Knox county Tenn farmer told the senate committee about the danc ing which he said took place while Lilienthal was TVA chairman The nominees foes say he winked at communism during his admin istration There was a place called Reeves Roost Hemine testified They had a platform back there in the woods where they held nude parties We watched em one night They all took off their clothes ex cept one little girl She lived down the road and she went home Weather Report FORECAST Mason fair Wednes day night and Thursday little change in temperature Low Wednseday night about 10 to 15 Iowa Generally fair Wednesday night and Thursday little change in temperature Low Wednesday nighmt 10 to 15 in west and 15 to 20 in east High Thursday 3035 Minnesota Generally fair Wed nesday night and Thursday Lit tle change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 26 Minimum 11 At 8 a m Wednesday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 25 SAME DATE f flag mrans no traffic ID last 24 hnut pTSorli SENATE DRYS GIVE UP BATTLE TOREWR1TEACT Withdraw Amendment to Put in Voters Power to Ban Sale of Liquor DCS Moincs the senate dry bloc Wednesday gave up a fight to rewrite the proposed liquor by the drink bill and convert it into a local option prohibition measure An amendment which would have authorized the voters in any cily or town io ban the sale of any alcoholic beverages except beer had been introduced by Senator J F Miller KHumboldt and 6 other drys as a rider on the liquor by the drink bill LI Gov Kenneth A Evans ruled the amendment was im proper because it changed the entire purpose ol the measure be fore the senate Miller appealed from the ruling of the chair but senate republi cans held a caucus during the noon hour and he was prevailed upon to withdraw his appeal When the body again met in formal session Miller withdrew his request slating that he did not believe the appeal would be sustained and that he did not want to do anything to create dis harmony in the senate Debate then was resumed on other amendments which must be disposed of before the bill can be brought to a final vote Earlier the senate decided that if liquor by the drink is to be per mitted in Iowa it must be ap proved by the voters in every community in a local option elec tion By a 37 to 13 vote the senate adopted an amendment by Senator Irving D Long RManchester to the local option feature into the judiciary committees liquor by the drink bill In any city town or village 25 per cent of the voters could petition for an elec tion As the senate resumed work on the bill it had 14 other amend ments on file including one by a group of dry senators which would completely revise the purpose of the bill and through local option elections permit prohibition of the sale of any alcoholic beverages ex cept beer This proposal would discontinue state owned liquor stores in communities that desired it Another amendment would irnit the number of liquor taverns n each community according to ts population Authors of the prohibition amendment were Senators Earl C Fishbaugh Jr Ralph E Benson Harlan C Foster RMt Pleas Ralph W Zastrow R Charles R B Hawkins R J F Miller RHumboldt and A E Augustine DOska Before the prohibition proposal came up the senate adopted an amendment by Senator Tunis H Klein DPella which contained the following provisions No food could be served where iquor is sold except in hotels and clubs taverns would not be al owed to have any tables chairs Dooths screens or partitions no sars would be permitted in base ments or above the ground floor averns could have entrances opening only on the street sale of iquor would be allowed only be tween 11 a m and 11 p m Truman Picks Douglas for British Post Washington JP Lewis W Douglas onetime budget director Wednesday was appointed by President Truman to be ambassa dor to Great Britain The nomination was sent to the senate for consideration Douglas takes the post to which O Max Gardner former governor of North Carolina was bound when he died suddenly in New York just before sailing Now president of the Mutual Life Insurance company New York Douglas formerly served in he house as a representative from Arizona He is a democrat and served briefly as director of the mdget when the late Franklin D Roosevelt took office in 1933 He quit this post in a difference of opinion on spending policies Going Back 200000000 Years Berkeley Cal nature of life in North America about 200000000 years ago just before he age of the dinosaurs is being determined by University of Cali fornia scientists from fossils un earthed in Arizona ;