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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A I V THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press Pull Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 26 1945 NO 120 L pre One Mans Opinion A Eaoio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City Sunday p in WOl Ames p m WSUI lowi City Wednesday p m Quincy III Thursday p m KSCJ Sioux Cily Saturday U p m Your One Best Buy for the Month of March NO AEGUMENT is needed this year to convince me that 1 ought to give more to the Ameri can Red Cross Ive had an ex perience that I wish couldcome to all Americans Ive seen the Red Cross in action in the Euro pean war theater In London in Paris in Cher bourg on the beachheads at a bomber base at a fighter base and in the convalescent section of a great general hospital Ive seen the men and the women of the Bed Cross doing their stuff Thats why no arguments for an in creased gift in this years cam paign are needed so far as I m concerned In this commentary Im going to share some of these experi ences ind observations which came to me during my 2 months last fall in the British Isles and in France In doing this however I am acutely aware that exposi tion and description by somebody else falls far short of personal ex perience and observation The work the Red Cross is some 1200 BOMBERS RAID BERLIN 1st Army Plunges Within 12 Miles of Cologne 14 thing that one must see and feel Mr for the fullest appreciation of its M Y FIRST contact with the Red Cross on this war corre spondence mission came to me ill London when I spent an evening in one of the 19 centers then be ing maintained for our American boys officers and enlisted men Like most of the other 18 centers it was a former hotel between Picadilly Circus and Berkeley square In charge was Miss Jane Perry of South Carolina As we ate our evening meal in the sizable dining room she told me of the program being carried out by her and her associates all of it designed to make life more pleasant for the hundreds of thousands of American boys set down onthe island calledEng THREATEN NAZI DEFENSE LINES ALONG RHINE Canadians Plow to Last Barrier Between Maas Rhine Rivers Paris SFirst Army in fantry and armor plunged to with in 12 miles of Cologne under driz zling skies Monday and the entire German system defending the Rhine was threatenedWith col lapse There is a rapid deterioration of the enemys situatiqn a staff officer told AP Correspondent Don Whitehead at the front Canadians plowed through heavy mud in great strength and gained 3JA miles in a new offen sive at the northern end of the Rhine battlefront They reached the defense line in front of the Hochwald It is the third defense line between the Maas and the Rhine and if it is shattered the way is opened to the Ruhr for Marshal Montgomerys forces Between the Canadians and ihe first army the U S ninth army fought to within 6 miles of Muen chen Gladbach on the border of the Ruhr arsenal area Lt Gen Courtney Hodges only a little more than a dollar a day these lads could have comfortable sleeping quar ters fresh linen jind 3 square meals a day during their leave in London town By day there were lowpriced sightseeing tours by night there were dances with the young women volunteers careful ly selected In all ways Miss Terry told me were trying to make our center as homelike as possible My associates on this visit were 2 members of congress Karl Mundt of South Dakota and Jim Richards of South Carolina All of us agreed that at this Washington Red Cross club the goal of a homelike atmosphere was being magnificently achieved Incidentally the policy of plac ing a small charge on food and lodging as well as on the cigarets soft drinks and coffee available at the center is one that has been recommended if not dictated by the military authorities It has been found better everything away than giving NEXT contact with the Red Cross was in the city of Cher M bourg After spending a day in a jeep on what a few weeks be fore had been bloody battlefields I arrived in that port city in the early evening I heeded some French money I had only travj elers cheques and English money The Red Cross will cash your travelers cheques I was assured by my captain companion So I sought out the Red Crass head quarters which occupied ample quarters In what had previously been a hotel near the waterfront in downtown Cherbourg On entering the lobby I was at tracted by music from a balcony piano violin and saxophone It sounded good to me That music I learned was being provided by volunteers lads sought out by the Red Cross as a part of its recreational program in the newly liberated Cherbourg area The lobby was filled with American boys soldiers sailors and marines They were getting a little bit of home in faraway France TWO DAYS LATER with cre dentials provided by the Red Cross in Cherbourg I dropped in on the Red Cross hut at Utah beachhead Along with recrea tional facilities there was food for the thousands of lads being landed on the nearby beach The accent was on coffee and dough nuts both at the long counter and in the large number of booths I had been told that a young Red Cross woman from my home town Miss Odette Stoddard might be found at this Utah beach cen ter But I learned that she with her movie truck called cinemo bile had moved into interior France just behind Gen Pattons Continued on Page 2 wheeled up his big guns toward Cologne its spires already sight The Americans seized sev eral towns in a surprise night at tack and then sped on in swift en veloping moves At daybreak armor roared into the attack and drove deeper across the flatlands of the Cologne plain The greatRuhr and Hhineland city of Duesseldorf with a popur 540000was less than 20milesfrorrttheiuntlr army tt Gen William H Simpsons shock troops closed within a mile of trie heavily fortified communications center of Erkelenz and 9 miles of the fringe of the Ruhr industrial region and Meunchen Gladbach a city of 127000 The Americans fought 26 miles deep in Germany and less than 4 miles from the Erft river where 5 German divisions offering light to moderate resistance on the Cologne plain were expected to make a supreme stand to bar the Americans from the Rhine South of the Cologne plain the American 3rd armybroke into a run in advances of 7 miles which carried the 4th armored division to the Nims river in the vicinity of the fortified center of Bitburg A dozen or more towns fell to Lt Gen George S Pattons troops sweeping toward Koblenz on the middle Rhine They fought miles beyond Saarburg in a gradual encircle ment of the ancient city of Trier North of the Cologne pjain Field Marshal Montgomery inten sified his attacks behind the breached Siegfried line and moved his Canadian 1st army within 1000 yards of the stoutly defend ed town of Calcar 2 miles from the receding Rhine Overnight advances were up to a mile and a half These forces were 45 miles north of the 9th army flank mov ing toward the Ruhr far and away Germanys greatest arsenal TheAmerican 7th army invad ing the Saar district now Ger manys 2nd industrial region widened its front inside Germany within sight of the ruins of Saar B29 Carrier Raids Leave Tokyo Afire Guam of the cen ter of Tokyo was believed in flaming ruins Monday following Sundays record onetwo air as sault by more than 200 Super fortresses and 1000 carrier planes Some fires may be smouldering on Hirohitos palace grounds Bombs fell near the stables bu reau of the imperial housesId ministryon the palace grounds as well as near Omiya palace residence of the emperors mother a mile and a half away Tokyo said The American broadcasting station in Europe said about 25 000 square yards in the heart of Tokyo was in flames following the double raid NBC monitors re ported BBC heard by Blue net work said part of the imperial guards barracks was demolished by a bomb which fell in the pal ace precincts Radio Tokyo said enemy night bombers following up the day light raids crossed the Japanese coast in the direction of the cap ital at 9 p m Tokyo but did not say whether they had dropped any bombs It w a s expected that planes from Vice Admiral Marc A Mits chers task force 58 the worlds greatest concentration of aircraft carriers would send the attack into a second day Monday However there was no word to this effect from either Pacific fleet headquarters or radio Tokyo up to midmorning least probably tons of demolition and fire At more bombs were cascaded on Tokyo in the twin raids Sunday Together they constituted the heaviest as sault ever made on Tokyo one twice as heavy as the heaviest German raid ever made pnLoh donVduring the height of the 1940i 41 blitz and approaching in weight those now being made on Ger many by the allies who manned the greatest armada of B29s ever sent aloft said they laid their bombs street brnecken Everywhere on the western front the destruction of the thin ly spread German divisions con tinued Prisoners taken by the Canadians passed 23000 One di vision of the 1st army which cap tured Dueren 2nd largest Ger man city to fall in the west cap tured 2000 The flth and 1st armies took more than 5000 be tween them and other be draggled prisoners were streaming back The 3rd army took 2700 prisoners Sunday right down the main of Tokyo The capital must be burning furiously they said on their return The B29s did most of their bombing with precision instru ments through clouds that ob scured the ground No fighters and only light antiaircraft fire was encountered All returned safely Some of the giant bombers be came separated from the main force and bombed alternative tar gets including the big aircraft center of Nagoya and the town of Shingu southeast of Osaka There was no immediate word from Pacific fleet headquarters on results of the carrierbased phase of the assault It was likely that Mitschers task force presum ably only ISO to 300 miles off the Japanese coast would remain under radio silence until it reaches safer waters AH signs indicated that the air offensive against Tokyo has en tered a new stage that ultimately will reduce the capital to a state of devastation rivalling that of Berlin and other German cities The carrier planes attacked for the third time in 10 days On Feb 17 and 18 they destroyed or dam aged 3E Japanese ships and 649 planes and wrecked several Jap anese aircraft plants The 21st bomber commands in announcing the B29 raid for the firsttime specified the highlyin dustrialized center of Tokyo as a target and noted that the raid ing force was twice as large as that which carried out the first Superfortress attack on the capital It represents also a fulfillment of a recent announcement by headquarters of the 20th air force that the Superfortress has reached developmental fairly battle EXPECTSEIZURE OFCENTRALIWO AIRFIELD SOON Planes Support New Intensified Push by 3 Marine Divisions U S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Guam of Iwo Jimas second airfield in the cen ter of the strategic little island was imminent Monday as three marine divisions drove north with considerable air support in an in tensified push This stiffest fight of the Pacific war went into its second week with the Yanks grimly holding almost half the island 750 miles south of Tokyo and making inex orable progress northward The devildogs already on the main airfield in the southern part of Iwo captured the eastwest runway of the central Iwo fighter field Motoyama No 2 late Sun day and enveloped twothirds of the northsouth runway after a full day of heavy fighting Their assault followed a prelim inary bombardment by artillery and warship batteries Carrier planes and Marianas based Liber ator heavy bombers gave close support to the ground forces Adm Chester W Nimitz an nounced the push Monday in a communique which made no fur ther mention of the second heavy strike by fifth fleet carrier planes against the Tokyo area this month The fleet could still be in the area Waves of carrier planes strik ing Honshu island Sunday morn ing in a destructive onetwo blow with more resses fromthe Marianas raked airdromes war plants military installations and transportation facilities The Japanese said bombs hit metropolitan Tokyo and the Kobe section The count of Japanese dead on Iwo reached 2827 by noon Sun day This tabulation showed only 28 more than the 2799 total re ported the day before The enemy garrison was estimated at 20000 on Dday The last report on American casualties was the figure of 5372 dead wounded and missing up to 6 p m Wednesda The dead numbered 614 at that time Nimitz announced that the 3rd 4th and Sth marine divisions of Maj Gen Harry Schmidts Sth amphibious corps launched their big attack after preliminary bom bardment by marine artillery and ROCKETS OVER IWO from a U S landing craft soar toward Iwo Jimas rugged terrain during the invasion of the important Japheld island 750 miles from Tokyo AP wirephoto Japs Ignore Ultimatum of Manila Troops Yanks Begin Drive for Luzon East Coast Manila Japanese in Manila ignored a surrender ulti matum Monday and American roops immediately began an annihila tion drive against the enemy remnants holding out in 3 government buildings heavy units of the Pacific fleet Fighting was heavy through out the day the communique said and at nightfall our forces were in possession of the east west runway of the central Iwo field and about twothirds of the northsouth runway The fanatical Japanese defend ers were using the most modem weapons they have shown yet in the Pacific These included rockets weighing more than 1000 pounds heavy mortars heavy land mines pillboxes 4 feel thick and an ex tensive underground system of in terlocking strongholds Most of the hillside caves arc 30 to 40 fepf deep The Nipponese troops oo are above average Many of themare 6footers rare for Japanese Secretary of the Navy James V Forrestal who went ashore on Iwo Wednesday broadcast from Guam Sunday night that the Japanese put every kind of defense into the 8square mile island a vital shield for Nippon and the terrain forced the Yanks to make a fron tal assault The final assault on the pocket iuthe capital came as other American forces pushed into the foothills of the Sierra Madres mountains east of Manila in attack on the 25 mile long Koba yashi line An estimated 1000 fanatical Japanese believed commanded by Rear Adm Iwabuchi were lodged in the 3 buildings and faced cer tain doom They had been given 3 choices in the a fight to death or honorable surrender Their only reply was sniper fire while the edict was being read over the public address system When the deadline passed at daybreak American guns opened fire and the troops prepared for an assault on the buildings to clean out the last resistance in Manila With the city virtually clear other American troops resumed their drive toward Luzons east ern coast with an offensive against the Kobayashi line May Give Black Market Soldiers Chance to Fight Paris of the more than 160 soldiers convicted and sentenced in trainlooting black market cases may be given proba tion and another chance to serve their country it was learned Mon day Some of them want to be sent to the front others asked a chance to go back to their railway battalion and make good The prosecutor has been asked to draw a list of those convicted men likely to make good as sol diers if given the chance No blan ket suspension of sentences is con templated the end of its stage has been tested and is entering a new phase of the aerial battle against a communique issued in Washing ton said Form New Egyptian Cabinet Continue Search for Assassin Cairo Mahmud Fahmy Nekrashi Pasha former Egyptian foreign minister undertook at King Farouks request the task of forming a new cabinet Monday a authorities continued their inves tigation into the assassination of Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha More than 50 persons were ar rested Sunday by police investi gators including 2 who were said to have been standing near the spot where the premier was shot down in the chamber of deputies Saturday after reading a decree by the king declaring war on the Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and not quite so cold Monday Lowest about 0 Iowa Fair Monday night and not quite so cold in west portion becoming cloudy and warmer with slight snow in west portion Tuesday Minnesota Fair south and central and mostly cloudy extreme north not quite so cold Monday Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 42 Minimum Saturday 32 Maximum Sunday 35 Minimum Sunday 0 At 8 a m Monday 0 Snow 6 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 47 Minimum 36 Precipitation 08 Units of the 1st cavalry and 6th infantry divisions were attacking the Japanese line from Taytay 2 miles north of Laguna bay to Norzagaray 19 miles northeast of Manila At the same time the llth air borne division continued its rapid drive southward along the west coast of Laguna bay and crossed the Juan river 15 miles below Muntinlupa The thrust brought the airborne units within 5 miles of Los Banos where another sen sational liberation of allied inter nees was carried out Friday In resuming the drive towarc Luzons cast coast the 6th infan trymen captured Montlban 11 miles northeast of Manila and pushed on through San Isidro a mile to the north Fighter bombers and dive bombers steadily supported the troops as they gained as much a 5 miles at some points in the thrust through the M a r i k i n a watershed The cavalrymen hitting the southern end of the Japanese line encountered considerable opposi tion especially around Antipole 3 miles northeast of Taytay wher the enemy defenseswere de scribed as the cleverest and mos effective on Luzon A communique disclosed tha the 33rd infantry division ha joined the Luzon forces and wcr fighting in the hills north of Ro sarlo 9 miles above San Fabia on Lingayen gulf The 33rd is former Illinois national guar unit and commanded by Maj Gen Percy AV Clarkson San Antonio Other troops of the 1st corps advanced 3 miles from Panta banga north to conversion in the Caraballo mountains and seized 100 VOTES CAST N PRIMARIES Polls Close at 8 p m at 8 Voting Places The weather and lack of contest or most of the offices involved erved to hold down the number f voters in Mason Citys primary lection Monday Approximately 100 voters had one to the polls by noon Only contests for the democratic ominations were in the race for rcayor in which Jake Douglas and Villiam P Cahalan are candi ates lor councilman in the 1st vard in which Charles M Lee and ierman F Scherping are candi ates and for councilman for the rd ward where the candidates are Leslie M Valentine and J F Broderick Other candidates on the demo cratic ballot are Councilman at large 2 to be nominated W B Loring and Mike Zack Councilman 2nd ward Jay folsom Councilman 4th J 3ohn A Ludoman No candidates filed for city reasurer or police judge Red Forces Maneuver for Berlin Drive great Russian armies maneuvered Monday for the approaching drive on Berlin while other soviet forces made important gains on either towards the Baltic through Pom erania and in besieged Breslau in Silesia All signs indicated the coming offensive against the German capital will be stronger than any yet loosed by the Russians in the central sector and one which may reach the gates of the city Still there was no immediate indication when Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first White Russian army and Marshal Ivan S Konevs first Ukraine army would loose the twin assault on Berlin Before attacking the Russians must smash or turn at some points the heavilyfortified OderSpree river line Widespread scouting operations were conducted by the Russians in this area Monday suggesting that the zero hour may bc near Sorties into the Germanheld sectors provided valuable infor mation on large masses of regular army troops police stormiroopers and thousands of Volkssturmers entrenched behind the Oder and Spree river line which employs the Neisse river as a front screen Front dispatches said the nazis have brought up every kind of artillery piece available as well as several types of tanks and anti tank devices Trendies are studded with ma chineguns and light artillery Many square miles are heavily mined Red army units are battling savagely for a quick capture ot Breslau and meeting stern resist ance in their drives on Koehigsbergnt appeared how ever that Kohev and Zhukov may not wait until these objectives are gained before hurling their main armies westward Meanwhile soviet armored forces pushed to within 60 miles or less of the Baltic in a powerful drive to split Germanys northern defenses Tanks and rtifnutry struck oul through Pomerania for the Baltic STAGE BIGGEST ATTACKOFWAR ON NAZI CITY 3 Giant Waves Roar Across City in 15 Minute Waves at No on London the biggest air attack ever made on Berlin more than 1200 American heavy bomb ers dropped 3000 tons of explo sives and fire bombs into the heart city during noon hour Monday More than 500000 small in cendiary bombs were showered upon the refugeecrowded capital with 3 railway scher Alexandcrplatz and Berlin the main targets All 3 are within 2 miles of the air min istry building in the middle of the city Three giant waves which nazi news agencies said made a train 150 miles long roared across trie city at 15minute intervals and let down their first bombs at a m the exact minute set in the battle order For the first time the bombers with an escort of 700 Mustangs and Thunderbolts flew to the cap ital in a straight line across Ger many boldly daring the German air force to fight But there were no early reports of combat The incendiaries were fired from Molotov breadbaskets that after breaching the nazi line based on the DanzigStettin railway at a point midway between those 2 big seaports A thrust to the sea in this area would slice off the northeastern tip of Germany along with the Polish corridor and the free state of Danzig Tens of thousands of German troops in the area would be cut off from all escape except by sea Soviet forces in East Prussia captured another cluster of towns around Zinten 17 miles below Koenigsberg in reducing the Ger man pocket in East Prussia to ap proximately 320 square miles No republican candidates were named on the ballot Pollsv opened at 7 oclock in the morning and will close at B oclock in the evening Following are the polling places First ward first ministration building 120 East State First ward 2nd precinct Mason City Waterworks 1205 Elm Drive Second ward 1st Courthouse 20 1st N W Second ward 2nd McKinley school 1510 North Fed eral Third ward 1st ner Motor company 125 South Delaware Third ward 2nd Roosevelt junior high school 303 15th S E Fourth ward 1st precinct S R garage 18 South Washington Fourth ward 2nd precinct James Refrigeration company 620 South Federal new high ground Villa Verde trail covering the Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle I carrier boy Chinese Troops Retake Suichwan Air Base Chungking troops have recaptured the former American air base at Suichwan in western Kiangsi province a com munique said Moday The Suichwan field fell into Japanese hands a few weeks ago during the enemy advance into southwestern China Clear Roads of 6 Inch Snowfall City counly and state snow plows were clearing streets and highways Monday after a 6 inch fall of snow that had been fanned into hardpacked drifts by a sharp northwest wind The snow was the most diffi cult this winter to get cleared from thoroughfares a situation caused by a precipitous drop of 35 degrees in temperature Sun day and Sunday night When North lowans arose Sun day morning rain was falling into what remained of last weeks snow The mercury stood at 35 degrees Then a cold wind from the northwest brought a drop in temperature The snow fell intu a bed of freezing slush that snow plows found difficult to handle after the mercury sank to zero during the night Snow removal was most diffi cult on the rural highways where plows were at work early Mon day Highway commission plows skimming over the pave ments removing the hardpacked drifts All state highways were re ported open Monday morniny Buses were coming through close to scheduled time as were also break open in the descent and shower the ground in clusters of hundreds On the way home the American bombers passed a force of RAF Lancasters and Mustangs going out to bomb the synthetic oil plant at Dortmund again Mondays was the 37th major 16th by the Sth air Berlin Xt has under gone altogether well over 2M raids inthis war The bombers were guarffecTOVer the target by 700 longrange Mus langs and Thunderbolts The first announcement by U S strategic air force headquarters said the attack was directed against railway targets and most of the bombs were dropped through clouds The bomber fleet by approximately 200 planes the size of the assault on Berlin Feb 3 DNB in an early afternoon broadcast said a 150mile long train of bombers was still ap proaching the city while the first formations attacked the capital Starting at 10 a m German broadcasts repeatedly reported the movements of large bomber for mations attacking the reich for the 14th consecutive day RAF Mosquitos attacked Ber lin Sunday night The niosquitos also bombed Kr furl important railway junction southwest of Leipzig while other planes hit a variety of frontline targets in Holland and the Ruhr Allied air forces flew more than 5000 sorties Sunday exclusive of the U S 15th air force in Italy which carried its record assault on targets in Austria and southern Germany through the 13th day The 15th conducted its smash in ot the Russian armies The German air force was ac tive in some sectors against Ihc allied assault coming front all di rections At least 46 nazi planes were shot out of the sky 27 by the Americans and 19 by the British An additional 35 were destroyed on the ground Incomplete returns disclosed 4 allied medium and light bombers and 28 fighters missing trains Plows were also clearing the streets in Mason City SIGNS OF THE TIMES Salt Lake City local dance spot has posted this sign We dare not Byrnes the mid night oil 450 Workers Walk Out at Gary Plant of Carnegie Illinois Steel Gary Ind strike of ap proximately 450 employes at the Gary Works of the CarnegieIlli nois Steel Corp Monday threat ened the citys entire domestic fuel supply The walkout originated on the early morning shift Sunday union leaders said when foyr employes left their jobs to protest the dis missal of a fellow worker They were followed at 1 a m by 150 workers and by 300 more at 3 p m and 11 p m A company spokesman said the dispute arose over the transfer of three men to better jobs Company officials warned that unless operations at the coke plant were resumed within 24 hours cooking gas supplies would be shut off to the citys 130000 residents The plant produces gas as a by product The strikers are members of lo cal 1014 United Steclworkars i CIO ;