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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AMD ARCHtVCS OES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PSESS LEASED WIM8 MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 261943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE f j JT1JVJ timaiaia ur JWWI SECTION ONE 120 ROMMEL FORCED TOWARD SEA IOWAGOVERNOR PLANS PARLEY FOR CORN BELT Hickenlooper Invites Governors Wickard am McNutt to Conference DES MOINES Bourke B Hickenlooper announced Fri day he was calling a conference of corn belt state governors ir Des Moines March 15 to discuss manpower machinery and othei agriculture production problems Gov Hickenlooper said he was inviting Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard Manpower Com missioner Paul V McNutt Donald M Nelson chairman of the wai production board and probably others to attend the conference Governors of the following i states will be invited Ohio In diana Michigan Wisconsin Tlli nois Minnesota Missouri Ne braska Kansas North Dakota South Dakota The conference is being called the governor said because of the increasing evidence that the prob lems of manpower machinery and production here are not being me at all Because we are in the heart of this great production area of the corn belt we have an appreciation of the JL Thelast majoi farm problems in DesMoihes was in September 1936 when Presi dent Roosevelt met with governors of midwestern states Says Real Emergency Did Not Exist for Troops to Pick Cotton WASHINGTON WVSecretary ot War Stimson said Thursday postponement of army plans foi soldiers to pick cotton in Arizona resulted from indications that what appeared to be an emer gency may not be a sufficient emergency Further investigation he told a press conference has tended to show that it may not be necessary to call on the army to help in har vesting the long staple cotton in Arizona At the agriculture department it was said that Secretary Wick ard had made no request for troops to help pick the Arizona cotton The original announcement that troops were to be sent there was said to have come as a surprise to Wickard Wickard it was said did not consider the Arizona situation critical enough to warrant use of troops HITS POLISH 39 BORDER CLAIMS Russian Bulletin Rejects Proposal WASHINGTON rejection of Polands claim that her 1939 borders should be re stored after the war is voiced in the soviet embassy information bulletin issued Friday Moscows assertion that the populations incorporated into the soviet union in 91S will not toler ate return to Polish rule is con tained in an article by Alexander Korneichuk a member of the su preme soviet of the Ukrainian so viet republic Its publication in the embassy bulletin for distribu tion in the United Stales adds weight to the view expressed Korneichiik refers specifically lo the Ukrainian area of eastern Poland which was incorporated into the Ukrainian soviet repub lic after the RussoGerman parti tion of Poland in 1939 but his statements carry the implication that the white Russian area of 1939 Poland also must be con sidered as outside the frontiers of any future Polish state This white Russian Byelo Russian area was incorporated into soviet BytloRussia at the same time as the Ukrainian area was taken in in November 1939 Only a hopeless fool can be lieve says Korncichuk that Lvov and the population of the western regions of the Ukraine are waiting for return to Polish Gap Nazis Are Easy Air Target Iowa Senate to Cities to Aid Defense Enables Town Councils to Enact Ordinances Regulating Blackouts ASSAILS OPAS MEAT POLICIES Committee Charges CoOperation Not Shown WASHINGTON office of price administration and culture Secretary Wickard were accused by the house small busi ness committee Friday of not co operating to correct conditions resulting in the worst black mar ket in meats in the nations his tory In a formal report the commit tee declared that the OPA and the secretary have not worked in close cooperation and have dif fered on important questions of There is as belween the OPA ana lie secretary a regrettable lack o joint effort it added DES MOINES senate Friday passed 44 to 2 an emergency war act designed to give local communities broader powers in handling emergency defense mailers The bill provides for con tinualion of the Iowa industrial and defense commission gives legal status to the office of state coordinator of civilian defense and clothes the governor with certain emergency powers The measure now goes 1o the house The only negative votes were cast by Senators C V Findlay R Fort Dodge and Oliver Turner R Those absent or not voting were Senators A E Au gustine D Leo El tlipn R D D Fuller 1 Shaw WARNS WORKERS Declares Plane Plants Must Not Stop Work SEATTLE J Gib Iowa son district council union presi dent warned Boeing Aircraft company workers Friday no I to stop work at a in Monday when the deadline expires on their demand that the war labor board reach a decision on their longpending wage increase re quests There will be no work stop page and no strike he directed There wasnt supposed lo be a work stoppage Thursday but the workers just quit to so to the union meeting O1v ui junu enort it added u D Asserting that meat shortages Mlciuoketa and A 1 would adversely affect morale mid L h a t substantially continued c bi for tin jubstantially continued shortages may actually interfere the conduct of the war thc committee said Ihat it felt justi fied in reaching these 1 The natural shortage of w civilian consumption vnich has inevitably resulted lorn the large demands of our irmed forces has been aggra vated by a price squeeze to vnich the packers have been sub cclcd under thc wholesale ceil ng prices established by the of ice of price administration 2 The shortage of meat has ilso been aggravated by a quoUi ystem imposed by the office of price administration under which luolas for civilian sales arc granted rtlv lo slaughterers and none arc illowcd to other processors Un der this quota system thc non laughtcifng processors are de pendent for supplies upon the villmgness of slaughterers in most cases the largest packers to hare their reduced civilian quotas with them 3 A continuance of Ihc present rice squeeze on the packers may well force as much as one nird or more of the packing con erns of thc country to discon mue operations because of heaw osses j Prices estab shed by the office ot price ad ministration apply on purchases y the government and its armed orces The maintenance by gov rnment edict of belowcost rices on products which the acker must supply on compul ory government orders is un and cannot be too sc crely condemned rule KABBIT CEILINGS SET WASHINGTON of fice of price administration Fri day set specific maximum price ceilings on rabbits sold for food tion oC county and local defense councils and defines their powers and duties H authorizes county board of supervisors and cities and towns to appropriate money for civilian defense It also empowers city and town councils lo enact ordi nances pertaining to defense including blackout ordinances and sets up penalties far the unlawful display of lights and for use of streets and highways without permission of the gov ernor state coordinator of de fense or local defense corps dur ing a blackout The bill also provides increased penalises for crimes commitlcd during blackouts or practice blackouts and for the larceny of property subject to rationing Other action taken by the sen ate Friday as it prepared to ad journ for a 10day recess included adoption of a resolution by Sena tor George Faul R Des Moines asking congress lo make a re rdfd vote on the final action on folks back how their all measures so the home might know representatives voted 42 WAVES Receive Pharmacists Ratings SAN DIEGO Cal first pharmacists mate ratings ever given women by the U S navy were awarded 42 enlisted WAVES Friday at the naval hos pital All were specialists in medi cal or dental work He said the 24hour eneral Buy War Bond and Stamps from your GlvbeGazette earner boy meeting scheduled Monday if no WLB decision is reached does not contemplate a plant closedown No one need stop working Workers on the night shift can So lo the day meeting Those at work in the day can go to the mcetm in the evening The meet ing will be in continuous ses sion Dale Reed president of the AFL machinists union at Lock heedVega Buibank Cal said a mass meeting would be held there Sunday to consider a 24hour session requested by the Bocin union Reed also said there would be no work stoppage if the round theclock session were held Three Boeing plants in this area closed doun for three hours Thursday after a down town mass meelinr and parade drew a crowd of workers esti mated at JttOQ by AFI offi S e close KJ 1 cent of its workers had left at the lunch hour lo attend From the meeting came a rcso llinS a 24hour aroundtheclock meeting Mon day if the war labor board fails to return a favorable decision by Sunday night in the west coast aircraft wage stabilization case The resolution threatened to call for similar action by two branches of the Aeronautical Me chanics union in California if the decision is not handed down by Tuesday midnight After Wednesday midnight the explanation of the resolution given the meeting by its sponsor the unions inter national would be asked to call opon all AFL aircraft unions in the nation lo join in a similar protest The Boeing company has ex pressed itself in favor of unspeci fied wage increases lo avoid the continual loss of workers lo high er paying shipyards H w MISSING AFTER RAID ON NAZIS Heavy Assault Made on Wilhelmshaven After Attack on Nuernberg LONDON iff United Stales bombers raided the German port of Wilhelmshaven by daylight Friday Seven of the craft were reported missing This the third attack by American bombers on Gcrmaii soil and the second On Wilhelm shaven A joint air ministry and U S army communique said Flying tortresses and libera tors Friday made their second daylight attack on Wilhelmshav en Germany This was the third attack by American bombers on German soil were seen to hit Wil helmshaven docks Considerable enemy opposition was encountered on the way into the target over the target anci for some distance over the North sea on the way home RAF fighters icovered the bombers for the latter part of the return journey Seven bombers are Wavealterwave of fourrmq tored bombers roared over north west Germany where they could find large Uboat building and industrial targets only a few hours after the RAF night shift struck a smashing blow at Nuern berg in southern Germany where Diesel motors and other subma rine equipment are manufactured Their attack came a lillle over 24 hours alter other American bombers from lie Mediterranean area had raided Naples at the southern end of the axis That the Americans were keep ing the offensive going was indi cated even before the official an nouncement when the German radio told of aerial forces striking from a high altitude Friday morn ing The preliminary official an nouncement 5aid the American at tack was heavy Fridays operation was the fourth this month for the U S bomber command in England The northwestern area of Germany was raided Feb 4 with the loss of four the bombers which shot down 25 nazi fighters Other American targets this month were the Uboat base of St Nazairc and Dunkcrciuc The first target of American bombers in Germany proper in his war was Wilhelmshaven which was attacked Jan H For the First time American newspaper correspondents ac companied the United Stales air force raiders from England over Germany Friday American war correspondents including Gladwin Hill of the As sociated Press underwent special training for this assignment BECOMES U S C1TIZEN HARTFORD Conn Standing with upraised hand among 220 persons blond movie aclrcss Madeline Carroll became an American citizen Friday Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Friday aft ernoon than Thursday after noon continued cold Friday lowest temperatures Friday night in Mason City 5 Warmer Saturday forenoon IOWA Warmer Friday night and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer Friday night and Saturday forenoon except becoming colder north Occasional light snow Saturday forenoon and north portion Fri day night Winds becomi fresh to moderately strong MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 31 Minimum Thursday night 2 At 8 a m Friday 3 YKAH AGO ing Maximum Minimum Precipitation 29 IS Trace on War Aims TORONTO Out Unit ed States has decided to press for united nations conferences on com mon aims now without waiting for the end of the war and in tends at once to open preliminary talks with its allies in preparation for such conferences Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles made this announcement here Friday in a speech for de livery at the University of Toron to which conferred on him the honorary degree of doctor of laws Welles who a fortnight ago warned that unmitigated ha result from failure of the united nations to asrec on basic problems before the war ends reiterated the urgent ne cessity of searching for solu tions through frank exchange of views He urged particularly that the united nations set up without fur ther delay machinery for the pur pose of assembling and studying all international aspects of pro blems under the general heading of freedom from want If all aspects of an economic problem were explored it would become apparent that the basic interests of all countries are large ly common interests that each countrys economic problems arc related to and inseparable from those of the others he said add to begin such organized and there is danger that divergent views and policies may become crystallized to the deriment of the common war effort and to the detriment ol efforts to bring about a peace that will be more than a brief and uneasy interlude before another even more horrible and more des tructive war devastates and de populates the world My government believes Ihat the initiation of such studies is already overdue If we do not make a start now there is dan Ber that we shall be brought to Rether to make the peace with as many plans as there are gov ernments 1 am glad lo say that my gov ernment intends at once to un dertake discussions with other members of the united nations Canada and the United Stales already have agreed Welles point ed out to do something concrete about our declaration of aims by discussing soon with other united nations how we two and other likeminded nations can agree upon a program to carry out these aims Extent of Aid Needs Abroad Is Stressed WASHINGTON had the word of Herbert H Leh man Friday that relief money much more substantial than an tlal or 5500000 000 will have to be spent to pre vent chaos and anarchy among liberated populations abroad However the dirccGof the newly established office of for eign relief and rehabilitation op erations told a senate subcom mittee in testimony released Fri day that plans are afoot to make Ihc organization a united nations undertaking Lehman said even rough esti mate ot total needs would be im possible to compile until it is known what areas will need rc icf As a result of initial operations in North Africa he said a re luest has been made for thc fol lowing supplies before next June 30 From 5250000000 lo 5300 000000 worth of foodstuffs 000000 worth of clothing textiles and kindred supplies and about 530000000 or S40000000 worth of medicine medical supplies seeds and repair parts for agri cultural machinery Lehman asked repeatedly that here be no misunderslanding about the sums that would be leedcd to carry out necessary re ict work when Norway Poland trance Greece and other coun rics arc relieved from axis do mination It would be dangerous1 he saui to have you gentlemen bc icve I think thc sums 1 have mentioned of four or rive hun dred million dollars are going lo do this job because I do not Nazis Leave Hapless Italian Troops Facing Onrushing Allied Force By ROGER GREENE Associated Ircss War Editor Adolf Hitlers high command tacjtlv admitted loss of the initiative in the battle of central Tunisia Friday reporting that our offensive operations have been concluded and a bulletin from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters an nounced that the strategic Kasscrinc pass was now in allied hands British and American infantry supported by tanks successfully attacked enemy rear guards and forced the withdrawal of all enemy forces si ill in the pass the allied communique said High ground northeast and southwest of the pass was raptured by the advancingallies the communique reported Ilk It kllll VJlli L C JJVJl LCU Overhead allied warplaiies swept across the whole front and bombed Germanheld Gafsa 53 miles south of Kasscrinc and Bizcrte the axis naval base in the north As the victorious Americans and British raced in pursuit Field Marshal Envin Rommel was reported falling back with battered tank forces to ward the sea leaving hap less Italian rear guards to Capable of Stealing thc Other allied columns advanced Man Proves He Was e of Stealing Safe Weighing 300 Lbs SACRAMENTO Cal riimento p p 1 i cc doubled San Pleaschas story that he had stol en a 300 pound safe without help They look him to where he said he had abandoned it The jfool 2inch 212pound man picked it up and set it in the cur Later he carried it into the city prison properly clerks office Officers yielded and booked him on n theft charge Wildcat Shocked on Visit to Civilization FRISCO Ulah wildcat from the San Francisco mountains came down to visit and was be shocked 10 to 15 miles in the Sbiba sec lor 33 miles northeast of Kas serine and were reported at Oussellia 40 miles farther to the northeast Without elaboration allied head quarters said British light bomb ers attacked enemy withdrawing forces it md near Sboilla and Gafsa The communique did not state whether the Germans were abandoning those two key towns which lie on the flanks of Rom mels columns fleeing from the Kasscrinc gap Frontline dispatches said Brit ish troops stormed within nine miles of Sbeitlo 18 miles north east or Kasscrinc Along iis acknowledg ment that axis offensive opera tions had ended the German nigh He climbed a handy pole lo gel good look Linemen seeking thc break thai had left this community dark fo alui seven hours found a dangling power line and beneath it the wildcat very dead NOTED PHOTOGRAPHER DIES NEW YORK IP nenry A Sirohmcyer 85 official photogra pher for the late President Theo dore Roosevelt and a pioneer it stereoscopic photography died Thursday forces had bccn routed and 1000 prisoners captured It was ivil immediately clear whether Kommcl was falling back directly toward the GulJ of Gabcs coast across thc 150 mileivide waist of Tunisia or was turning southeast to combat mounting pressure by Gen Sir Bernard L ftOMMELSRETRWT tHllRCMDS nsvc central Tunisia has been thiown into reverse by British American and French IaVC Hommcrs t e rassprnp n on this map Meanwhile the British eiehth Iing in the vicinity of the ;