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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME If lit HIM or IOWA COUP HOME EDITION VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PXZSS AND VNTTED PBXSS FOIi HVX CENTS A COPlf THI NIWSPAKR JHAT MARK ALL MOUTH IOWANS NEICHKHtS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 26 1940 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT k SPOT l PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO FINNS GIVE UP KOiVISTO ISLANDS Diplomats Are Widely Different By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist President Roosevelt conferred a few days ago with a trio of very able American diplomats relative to conditions in Europe The three were Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles Joseph P Ken nedy our am b a s sa d o r in London and William C Bul Htt who repre s e n t s us in Paris The confab was held on the eve of Welles departure for the old world for a general STEWART sizeup of the belligerent and neutral situations there It also was on the eve of Kennedys re turn to his post after a few weeks stay on this side of the Atlantic Bullitt had only recently arrived to make a personal report to the president and to State Secretary Hull He isnt expected to be here long These chaps responsibilities are tremendously heavy in the present state of international affairs and their respective backgrounds are interesting to study They all are rich men as an American diplomat needs to be to live up to his obligations on the salary he gets Their personali ties however are about as dif ferent from one another as any three personalities reasonably could be expected to be Welles Is Professional Sumner Welles is a professional diplomat He never has been any else He married most of hiS money Not but that he had some originally but he was no plutocrat to begin with I first knew him when he was first secretary of our embassy in Buenos Aires He virtually ran that embassy and he did it well His diplomatic experience has been mainly in Latin America Nevertheless he knows Europe too as a and hes had plenty of postgraduate acquain tanceship with it as the state de partments undersecretary and as its acting secretary a good deal of the time He isnt exactly a gladhander but hes astute and coolheaded and he understands how to say disagreeable as well as agreeable things in an agreeable way Joseph P Kennedy Joe Kennedy is a businessman a financier He has made his own money and a lot of it Hes a stock mar ket expert Issues of international exchange are his meat As SEC manager he couldnt have been imriroved on But hes a mixer likewise And when I say a mixer I mean that he can mix with any crowd from the Wall street gang to the Chinese Hes a curiosity to Lon don to be sure but hes immense ly popular there His hardheaded practicality evidently appeals to the British And they recognize him as on the level Just before he went abroad as ambassador he made a speech at Washingtons National Press club He a hit with our newspaper men I Bill Bullitt William Christian Bullitt was bom into one of Philadelphias first families He had cash and he was an aristocrat from the start Bill was a correspondent one of the Philly dailies on the Ford peace trip Thats where I first encountered HIM He was a superior cuss on account of his toney ancestry The boys didnt overly approve of him Still he had class I presume hes impressive in Paris He didnt register so effec tively in Moscow whither he was sent as ambassador prior to his French assignment That was o have been anticipated The Soviets naturally would have looked askance on so strongly rightist an individual But hes all right in France Upon Bills return to the United States it was suggested that he might run for the senate from Pennsylvania He soon squelched that rumor He greatly prefers he said to remain a diplomat Which might have been antici pated Hes too nobby a chap to be associated with so plebian a crew as the senatorial bunch His metier is diplomacy All the same he seems to be gettin away with it WELLES TALKS Wreckage of Cor in Which Man Was Killed WITH IL MICE FOR ONE HOUR Shortens Stop at Rome in Order to Hurry to Conference With Hitler ROME of State Sumner Welles spent an hour with Premier Mussolini Monday going over the European problems which Welles came to investigate for President Roose velt The length of their conversa tion as well as the hour and a quarter which the American envoy spent Tuesday morning with Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano heightened diplo matic interest in his European trip which is to include visits to Berlin Paris and London At 6 p m just an hour and 10 minutes after the undersec retary had entered the Palazo Venezia Welles emerged and stepped into his waiting car for the return trip to his hotel In view ot the fact that Ciano had given his a preparatory report on his talk with Welles it was generally felt that the hour gave Mussolini and the American envoy time to probe deeply into each others interests and views concerning war and its repercussions Welles started his delicate job of investigating the state of the war and the outlook for peace by conferring for 90 minutes with Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano Originally it had been expect ed that be would remain In Rome three or four days but before seeing Mussolini hie announced Tuesdays departure for Berlin He will go direct to the German capita not stopping in Switzerland United States Ambassador Wil liam Phillips who went to the foreign office with Welles de scribed the conference with Ciano as pleasant and most cordial Some observers believed that as a result of his talk with Ciano who may have hinted at what his conversation with il duce was to be Welles decided to go to Berlin as soon as possible thinking he would find a basis for discussions with Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop Welles will leave Rome in a special car placed at his disposal by the Italian government He will reach the Swiss frontier Wednes day afternoon changing then to a train which will take him directly to Berlin Nothing was expected in the way of a revealing statement on Welles talks But in view of Mus solinis professed friendship for Adolf Hitler it was forecast that he would be able to inform Welles not only of Italys viewpoint as a neutral sole neutral among the great of Italys position as concerns Ger many but of Germanys own war aims as they are known here Vatican Envoy Taylor was ac companied to Rome by Monsignor Joseph Patrick Hurley American councillor of the vatical propa ganda fide propagation of the and an attache of the Vati can secretariat of slate There was considerable interest in the fact that it was arranged that Taylor should present his credentials to the pope at a m Tuesday a m It is most unusual for an arriving envoy to be received by the Pope so soon Red Cross Increases Aid Being Given to Wounded in Europe WASHINGTON UR The American Red Cross reported Monday that it is increasing the already considerable aid being given the wounded and homeless of Europes warring nations The heaviest demand now is from Finland where the Red Cross work complements that of Hie Finnish relief fund headed by Former President Hoover Am bulances medical supplies cloth ing tents and hospital equipment also are being sent to France Eng land and Germanoccupied Pol and Russia is the only European na tion at war which has not received American Red Cross aid Cash ex penditures for work in all other nations have amounted to SI 103 448 In addition the Red Cross has sent large quantities of surgical dressings and garments made by volunteers in this country JT Farmer Killed After Giving Highway Aid Schultz 30 of near Nashua died Sunday fol lowing an automobile accident Saturday evening near New Hampton Schultz accompanied by three other passengers had stopped to aid a stalled Minnesota motorist on TJ S Highway 63 four miles south of New Hampton After pushing the unidentified drivers machine to a start Schultz returned to his own car and turned to pass the former As he attempted to swing back to his own traffic lane he met a truck Will CarollofFred erlka t A 30foot timber attached to Carrols truck smashed the top off the Schultz car which was pushed across the lefthand traffic lane into a ditch With Schultz were Jake Biertz his fatherinlaw and the two sons Albert and Edward None was injured except Schultz who severly hurt about the head Carrols two sons were also in volved in the accident riding with their father in the truck None of the three was hurt Funeral services will be held at 10 oclock Tuesday morning at the Catholic church in Nashua Schultzis survived by his widow two sons Junior 3 years old and Leo 1 year old as well as his parents Mr and Mrs Peter Schultz all the Nashua com munity Four sisters Mrs Katherine Wagner and Mrs Nora Adams both of near Nashua Mrs Anna Bisbang and Miss Alice Schultz both of Cedar Falls also survive TOLL ON HIGHWAYS OF STATE 67 FOR 1940 DES MOINES lives were taken on Iowa highways last week bringing the 1340 toll to 67 as compared with 69 over a same period in 1939 Three livss were claimed Sun day Vivian Slicldahl 18 of Story City was killed in an autotruck crash near Ames Sunday Five others who were riding with her were injured two seriously The driver of the truck was uninjured Clifton Latting 14 of Sioux City was fatally injured when the bicycle which he was riding col lided with a car in Sioux City Al bert Schultz 30 of Nashua was the third victim Sunday Mrs R O Martensen 31 of Kahpka Mo died from injuries received in a car crash near Bur lington Friday while Eugene W Martin 35 was a victim near Fair field Saturday Merle Parrish Cedar Rapids grocery manager was killed in a cartruck accident in Benton county Killed on Iowa highways last Monday were Mrs Edward Kane 60 of Madrid and John Mc Inish 40 of Knoxvillc Checkered Jacket Aids in Identifying Robber MINNEAPOLIS Minn checkered sport jacket enabled police to identify John Perovich 23 Duluth as a gasoline station robber Monday Perovich was ar rested on a downtown street cor ner shortly after he robbed the same gasoline station for the fourth time in less than two weeks Police said he confessed when controlled by the station attendant who remembered the bright culmed jacket he wore during all four holdups LOOK INSIDE FOR GENERAL JOHN J FEKSHING Urged German Complete Surrender in 1918 PAGE 2 Frenchman Gives Hint of Welles Mission COL 2 EDITORIAL PAGE 3000 Farms Included in Erosion Program PAGE 18 Mason City Jaysees Set for Final Cage Tussle PAGE 11 LICHTY FORMER MAYOR IS DEAD Luverne Businessman Served Four Terms Was Justice of Peace H Lichty former mayor of Luverne died Sunday morning at his home fol lowing a three weeks illness Be sides having been a pioneer hard ware dealer he had served as mayor for four terms was former ly justice of the peace and was formerly on the school board Rites will be held at oclock Wednesday afternoon at the Methodist church with the Rev H A Nelson officiating Buria Will bfc at Luverne are five sonsJoe Phil Lee and Harry of Luverne and Don two daugh ters Miss Grace Lichty of Lu verne and Mrs Beatrice Harrison of St Agath Canada three broth ers Rufus John and Gustave of Toledo Iowa two sisters Mrs Clara Johnson of Toledo Iowa and Mre Lulu Hochefort of Hunt ington WVa 14 grandchildren and two great grandchildren Predict Sally Rands Car Will Be Stripped LOS ANGELES ffj Sally Rand who strips to practically nothing for her fan dances walked out of a theater to find her 12 cyclinder limousine missing Police predicted it would be found stripped to practically nothing too HENRY FABIAN DIES NEW YORK Fab ian 74 close friend of the late John J McGraw and groundkeep er at the Polo grounds for the las 28 years died Sunday after a brie illness Frank Atherton Former Clear Lake Editor Dies Funeral for Pioneer Newspaperman to Be Conducted Tuesday CLEAR was re ceived here Monday of the death of Frank G Atherton 85 former editor of the Clear Lake Mirror at Rochester Minn Sunday morning at the home of his neph ew Isaac Patterson Mr Ather ton who was spending the win ter with his nephew had gone to the bathroom and dropped dead Funeral services will be held at 2 oclock Tuesday afternoon at the Champion funeral home in Osage where he lived most of the year Buria will be at Osagc Mr Atherton was married Oct TO 1878 to Miss Mollie Hannah Westler at Berwick Pa They lived first atWest SuperiorWis then at Osage and Clear Lake Mr Atherton published news FKANK G ATHERTON papers They had no children Mrs Atherton died April 5 1938 Besides his nephews Mr Atherr ton is survived by a sister Mrs James Long at Granite City III and two nieces Mrs Ray Peterson and Mrs Harold Levers Osage For 27 years Atherton was owner of the Mirror On May 29 1938 he sold the newspaper to Ralph Anderson of Ring sted who later sold it to T J Farnham Mr Atherton was born in Penn sylvania The Atherton family came to Iowa when he was a young boy going as far west as Prairie du Chicn Wis by train then crossing the Mississippi river by iceboat From the river i traveled across prairie land to West Union by oxen and coverec wagon Atherton often recalled the man tribes of Winnebago Indians wh traversed the countryside at tha time They stopped at houses begging and didnt scare anyom but the housewives he once said He remembered also that the In dians had a liking Cor gambling They usually camped near the Ce dar river Regretful was the pioneer tha his parents refused to give htm permission to join the Union armj when hostilities broke out in 1661 Of course I was only 7 at th time he remarked once GROUP ADDS 60 MILLION TO AID FARM BENEFITS Regarded by Some as Congressional Trend of Republican Support WASHINGTON bloc advocates of parity payments took lew heart Monday at the action of iie house appropriations com mittee in approving 560000000 or farm benefit payments Actually the rep resented an Advance provided for in a deficiency appropriation mea sure to be offset by a reduction of like amount in next years reg ular farm bill Secretary Wallace said the twoyear overall total would be unchanged Those working for a 000000 farm parity fund how ever regarded the committee action as indicative of a con gressional trend which has de veloped potential republican support Wallace himself told the senate appropriations committee Tues day that failure to bring farm in come up to the preWorld war parity level might seriously ham per crop control programs and create new price depressing sur pluses Lacking parity he testified farmers will turn to big produc tion for markets that do not exist World markets was the topic of Secretary Hull appearing before the senate finance committee in support of the houseapproved bill to extend the reciprocal trade program three years beyond June 12 Hull said a requirement that the senate ratify all trade treat ies would make the program entirely unworkable and would inevitably hurt our for eign trade and through trade our nations economic wellbe ing Other developments of a busier thanusual day on Capitol Hill The house appropriations com mittee cut from presi dential requests foisupplemen tary funds for various agencies work the rest of this fiscal year Attorney General Jackson re fused on traditional grounds to rule whether the national labor board had violated a federal law against using any part of an ap propriation for influencing con gress Secretary Edison told a house naval subcommittee that it woulc be in the interest of efficiency and economy to consolidate the navys bureaus of repair and en gineering into a single unit The house rules committee granted legislative right of way today to the senateapproved bill which increases the capitalization of the ex portimport bank by and permits a 000000 loan to Finland action in the house Tuesday was blocked Monday because Representative Fish RS Y demanded six hours debate Ghosts Walk Streets Alone in Viipuri BY THOMAS F HAWKINS VIIPURI Finland Delayed walked the streets of Viipuri alone Sunday No troops were to be seen Vomen and children were gone iom the bomband shellwrecked city There was no longer any rea on to sound an alarm even when oviet bombers came directly overhead There were only ghostlike sentries in the deserted met ropolis that once was the home of 70000 people but now is he goal of the soviet red army less than 10 miles away to the south in its grand offensive of February Sentries with rifles slung around heir shoulders trudged between luildings without windows build ings without roofs buildings with out floors buildings with two or three walls off buildings that are only charred shambles Only five of these ghostly soldiers crossed my path during a two iiour walk through the center of the city Two weeks ago several thou sand persons still lived here and troops were quartered here Complete withdrawal began with the falling back of Finnish troops from their first into their second series of Mannerheim de fenses which permitted soviet artillery to move within easy shelling range of Viipuri Bombing planes and occasiona longrange shells caused damage almost from the start oE he war but it was the concentrated at tacks from Feb 12 to Feb 20 that touched nearly every building The castle Tyrgils Knutsson built in 1293 to found the town and the modern railway stal are almost the only buildings c size which from the outside gav no indication of damage The deserted and damaged city of Viipuri is not however an un defended one The Russian ad vance now is challenged by the second series of defenses and Fin nish officers say those defenses are far stronger than the first po sitions given up after weeks of fighting in which heavy losses were inflicted upon the Soviets Our journey through Viipuvi started from the castle and we The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy with occasion al light rain warmer east and central Monday night Tuesday cloudy intermittent light snow somewhat colder west MINNESOTA Cloudy with intermittent light snow some what wanner Monday night Tuesday cloudy with light local snows somewhat colder extreme west IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Sunday M Minimum Sunday night 7 At g a m Monday is YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 9 A cold wave moderated Sunday after the mercury dropped to the second lowest level of the winter in Mason City early Sunday morning with a reading of 22 be low zero at the GlobeGazette shelter house at the west edge of Mason City There was a steady rise of the temperature during the day to 7 above zero at 2 oclock Sunday afternoon Statistics for the 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morn ing follow Maximum Saturday 8 above Minimum in nijhl 22 below At S a m Sunday 13 below hill into old town Debris blocked the patli and we climbed over to find onehalf of a four story building had tumbled across the street The roof of the other half had collapsed Wind blew in and out of glassless windows and whipped curtains and draperies over the street A telephone base and receiver dangled from one apartment window by its cord The door of a shoemakers shop nearby stood half open showing a tin lunch cup and tray beside a shoo that was under repair before the cobbler apparently walked out and never returned Broken bits of allday suckers in gay wrappers lay in a heap in the corner of a shattered display window Table lamps colored luncheon plates and knives were scattered about a side window and the floor ot a onestory wooden shop from which the front was blown out WILLBACONY PEACE MOVE Scandinavians Agree on Need for Keeping Up United Front COPENHAGEN Denmark UR Norway and Sweden are prepared to support any peace move which may appear practi cable as the result of Sumnei Welless visit to Europe or through any other agency it was believed Monday as the result of a confer ence by the Scandinavian foreign ministers here H was understood also that Denmark and Sweden intended to make representations to Great REDS GET NEW ADVANTAGEFOR VIIPURI ATTACK Strategic Positions Armed With Coastal Batteries Lost by Finns HELSINKI Finnish liigh command Monday acknow ledged that Finland had surren dered to invading Russians the strategic islands of Koivisto armed with great coastal batteries anchoring the western end of the Mannerheim line These islands situated off the town of Koivisto are 20 miles south Viipuri lying in the Gulf ot Finland near the entrance to Viipuri bay Possession of the islands Jre sumably would give the Russians a new advantage in their drive on Viipuri normally third largest city by aiding an attack from the sea as well as from Russian land forces already have driven on the isthmus itself up u railway toward Viipuri as fax as Kaislahti only miles due south of Viipuvi according to the Finns own admission The Rus sians apparently are cleaning up the area between the railway and the coast On the isthmus our troops have given up the Koivisto islands said Mondays daily army com munique On Feb 25 the enemy continued his attacks on the western part of the isthmus The attacks were checked by fire from our artillery and infantry and the enemy suffered heavy loss in men At one town in this region e town Salemkaita enemy attacks were station fighting which lasted a whole day munique stated The Finns said that the day passed quietly at the eastern end of the Mannerheim line where the Russians last week launched great attacks At Kuhmo northward near Finlands waist the Finns cap tured a strong point and de stroyed a company of Russians said the communique The Finns said that their an lorce had carried out bombing at tacks behind the Russian lines during which a number of suc cessful air rights were engaged in by us Five Russian planes were reported shot down In their withdrawals on the isthmus where they have now taken a stand at their second po sitions of defense the Fiuns con tinue to point out that they have done so strategically and only at great cost to the Russians They point out that the second line po sitions are stronger than those of the abandoned first line One foreign military observer t J we lorce naa carried out hombi M behind the RussTan its attitude on the Norway Altmark case and insisting that the neutrality of mbisujig mai we neutrality of Scandinavian territorial waters be II Q T respected in future naiTlDUrgU O LlllCr Aground Off Norway It was indicatedthat the meet ing of foreign ministers resulted above all in agreement that the neutral status of the Scandinavian states was so precarious that a united front must be presented in all possible instances to maintain the European wars and RussoFinnish estimates that it has cost the red army 100000 men to reach their present position threatening Viipuri This observer says that 40BH Red soldiers killed has been he average price exacted daily lor the gains that have carried Rus sias hanunerandsickle banner since the sUrt of the big Red push Feb I to a point within a few mijfs of Viipuri Finlands aggregate loss has nol been disclosed The Red army has exerted the greatest pressure on the western extremity of the Karelian Isthmus front the Gulf of Finland end with the result that Finns ac knowledge a spearhead within 8 miles of Viipuri in peacetime Finlands third largest city with a population pE about 74000 The Leningrad headquarters of the Red army announced Sat urday night that occupation not only of Koivisto but also the neighboring strongly fortified Islands of Tiurinsaari and Piisaari had been completed The latest Russian commu nique issued early Monday re ported occupation of 28 more de fensive fortifications bringing to 762 the total ot such positions re ported taken since the Isthmus offensive was started Many of these have been described as iron 10 vrcat and concrete artillery Britain and Germany within the apparently the small pillboxes next few days backing Norway in vith which the Mannerheim line is studded LONDON Exchange Telegraph company Monday re ported that the yearold Hamburg American Liner Orizaba 4345 tons had gone aground near Ham wilt iidu gone aground near Ham their rights and keep them out ot merfcst Norway and apparently the Eiirrmran anX i was sinking It said the Orizabas crew was rescued ;