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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 25, 1963, Mason City, Iowa Argue tax increase story HOME EDITION One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Editor and Publisher BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO 1300 SHB WO1 Amei Tuei DeGaulles victory is not final BAR TO BRITAINS AD mittance to the European Common Market isnt some thing that came out of the blue totally unannounced The fact is that President De Gaulle with some substantial assist ance from Chancellor Konrad Adenauer has been building up to it for months even years In this commentary I plan to delve into the background of the act of the French President which last month shocked the world and then take a look at what may lie ahead for Britain and Western Europe And that I concede is quite an order for the few minutes at my dis posal From the start of the Com mon Market Britains likely status has been very much in doubt At first there was the assumption that her Common wealth status might preclude what could be regarded by many as a divided loyalty The question was whether Britain would choose to come into the Common Market It wasnt until later that op1 position from De Gaulle and Adenauer presented itself as an insurmountable stumbling block to Britains Common Market as pirations f The European Common Mar ket of course is a manifesta tion of a yearning for unifica tion going back into history as far as 1638 when the Great De sign of Frances Henry IV called for a General Council of Europe a European Army and continental free trade Propon ents of that ideal have included Jeremy Bentham JeanJacques SEN EVERETT DIRKSEN Dirksen claims 4 Yanks killed By JACK BELL WASHINGTON AP Sen Everett M Dirksen RH1 sal Monday he has uncoveredev dence that four American flier were killed Jn the abortive 1961 in vasion of Cuba By MEL SLIS BRUSSELS and the Netherlands took the lead Monday in striking back at France as the ruling body of the European Com mon Market gathered for the first time since the French vetoed Britains entry into the group Both the Italians and Dutch made plain that they would not Dutch striking back at France now sign a new treaty for trade and aid with 18 African states alt but two of them former French colonies The delay means that for an other year at least Frenchmen will have to pay higher prices for African coffee and African ba nanas among other things Under the new agreement aid to African producers from a six nation fund would have taken the place of subsidies France has paid The fund is also to help the Africans develop new crops and industries The Common Market Council of Ministers is meeting for a twoday session in an atmosphere tense with resentments The other five Germany Italy Belgium the Netherlands and angry with the French for blackballing Britain The French feel that the otters are ganging up on them The African treaty was to have been signed this weekat Yaounde Cameroon Now it seems likely to be deferred at least until the end of May By that time Italy and The Netherlands will have elected new parliaments Informed sources said deferr meni of the agreement angered French representative Jean Marc Boegner who said This will unfortunate for the Common Mar ket The African treaty is close to the hearts of the French because it would tie the whole former French empire in Africa to the Common Market The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEG VOL 103 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 25 1W3 10c a copy No 14 to Red By NEIL SHEEHAN SAIGON Viet Nam UPI The United States has decided to permit its soldiers to shoot first in the Viet Namese guerrilla war according sources to informed Another American died Sun day A young machine gunner was killed when two US Army H21 helicopters were downed by Dirksen the Senate Republican Monday leader said in an interview he The move is aimed at check has completed a oneman inquiry ng tne mounting US casualty r nti jieucopiers were uownea ov war wLthout waiting to De fired viet Cong ground on by the Communists it i H C Rousseau William Immanuel Kant Penn and After the American colonies achieved independence their example was commended to Europe by George Washington Benjamin Franklin and others Victor Hugo predicted a century ago that there would emerge in the 20th century first the United States of Europe then the United States of the World When Europe began emerging even from the rubble of World War into the Bay of Pigs disaster and is ready to turn his findings over to Senate investigators Other than to report the belief that four American lives were lost he declined to discuss the evidence he assembled Some of it came from participants in the invasion and some from US mili tary personnel in the area at the time The Republican leader said the four fliers were shot down in inva sion planes which did not carry US markings Presumably they were in B26 bombers downed by jet trainers inherited by Fidel Castro from the overthrown Ba tista regime News stories at the time men tioned that one US civilian flier might have been shot down This report later was labeled errone ous Dirksen said he plans to discuss his findings with Sen John Sten nis DMiss chairman of the Sen ates Preparedness subcommittee A subcommittee inquiry into the military strength of Sovietdomi nated Cuba is expected to get under way this week Stennis has indicated he regards the 1961 inva sion as spilled milk to which the group would not be justified in devoting much time at this point Dirksen disagreed It seems to me it becomes a matter of some importance when four American lives are I there were stirrings in this direction French Foreign Min ister Briand headed a move ment aimed at bringing the countries of Europe together in a loose confederation Then Hit ler came along seeking union but of quite another sort There was a revival of the aspiration after World War II Clement Attlee warned that Europe must federate or per ish Churchill spoke these words in 1946 We must re create the European family in a regional structure called it may be the United Slates of Europe Curiously enough however Churchill wasnt thinking of Great Britain in terms of full fledged membership in the Eu ropean federation Friend or even sponsor seemed to be more in his line of thought In the heat of the current con troversy too its pretty well for gotten that the principal prod for European integration came from the United States The Marshall Plan provided a mam moth impetus to cooperative action Secretary of State George C Marshall in his celebrated com mencement address at Harvard in 1947 offered this historic ob servation Europes requirements for the next three or four years of foreign food and other essential products principally from so much greater than the present ability tojay that she must have substantial help cr face economic social and political deterioration of a grave character Another forgotten fact is that Russia sat in on the conference of foreign ministers called to Twrn to 2 lost he said ate in the undeclared jungle US aid little help study shows WASHINGTON Sen atorial study group has re ported to President Kennedy that after seven years of US aid to South Viet Nam the country still lacks a stable gov The machine gunner a private irst class was not identified iis death brought to 52 the num er of Americans killed in com bat since the United States be gan its military buildup in South Viet Nam in 1961 Informed military sources said he new rules of engagement the study said the ernment In fact government of the Southeast Asian country appears more removed rather than closer to the achievement of popularly responsible and responsive gov ernment The aid program must bear a very substantial share of the responsibility Although the report said the United States has poured more than billion into the former French colony since 1955 it pre dicted no end to the assistance In the best of circumstances outside aid in very substantia size will be necessary for many years The report was the fifth of a series made following a stud trip to Asia last year made by four senators led by Democratic leader Mike Mansfield Mont will permit the US Armys new HU1 gas turbine helicopters to open fire on positively identi fied guerrillas without waiting to be fired on first as heretofore The sources said the effective ness of the heavilyarmed crat known by their crews as Hueys in protecting the more vulnerable H21 troop carrying helicopters is expected to in crease under the new rules The Hueys now will be able to precede the H21s into a troop landing zone and keep the guer rillas busy while the troopcarry ing helicopters unload assault forces and then get away Help pours in at quake site By PATRICK MASSEY EL MARJ Libya search for bodies was aban doned in the earthquake ruins of El Marj Monday and Libyan of ficials began making plans to resurrect the shattered town iJV ill arise soon on the ruins o 11 Marj The ancient city once known s Barce was flattened by two ig quakes Thursday night and morning Authoritie ay at least 265 persons died American and British airlifts ia the US Air Force base a mi j r i lc nit ruite uuse a Thousands of homeless moved wheelus Field and bflses forlornly into two encampments being rushed up outside the town They settled down 60 and 70 to a tent to await provision of new homes They will have a long time to wait said one local official It could take months or years to rebuild El Marj But we have been promised that the town planners will be here as soon as possible to make a start Premier Mohammad Othman AlSaid has promised earth quake survivors that a new city ing the government imposed a 3Q pm to 6f30 am curfew n the town The city gates vill be closed at night and army patrols will guard the iroperty of people made home ess On rom MINERS DUMP COAL ON HIGH highway patrolmen rush in to prevent violence after miners lit tered the highway with coal in this striketroubled Southeast Tennessee area The incident occurred when sev Pholofax eral hundred striking miners attempted to block trucks driven by nonunion drivers Three men were arrested This Whitewell Tenn area appears headed for a showdown as the strike heads into its 10th week the Mediterranean upplied the homeless with 25 ints and 4000 blankets UN Secretary General hant offered King Idriss I al jossible UN help for relief o le earthquake victims Tell foreigners Blame West cry in Red bloc BY JAY AXELBANK MOSCOW Soviet Union appeared Monday to have opened drive to blame the West for trouble among AfroAsian youths studying in Communist bloc nations More than a score of African youths have fled Bulgaria this month and charged the Communist authorities in Sofia with racism and excessive political indoctrination Pavel Yenin rector of Moscows Patrice Lumumba Uni versity said Western intrigue and propaganda has led to unrest among the students The meaning of this campaign is colonialists want the African countries to train their intelligentsia their scientific and technological specialists only in imperialist countries Yerzin said Sunday in an article in the official Communist Party newspaper Pravda He said some people swallow the bait His remarks tied in with statements from foreign youths at Lumumba University They denied they encountered racial discrimination or excessive political indoctrination US military observers in Sai Jon feel that if the Hueys had een able to follow this proced ure during the battle of Ap Bac ast month the Viet Cong would not have been able to shoot down so many helicopters Two Amer cans were killed and several others were wounded in the process US officials denied press re ports that the United States might withdraw its Air Force combat units from South Viet Nam The reports claimed the with drawal was under consideration ecause of charges that heavy government air strikes against villages suspected of harboring Viet Cong were turning the pop ulation against the government US diplomatic and highrank ing military officials including military Assistance Command Chief Gen Paul D Harkins said to the best of their know ledge no such decision was under consideration Gen Em men Rosie ODon nell US Air Force Pacific com mander indirectly denied per sistent reports that many inno cent civilians are being killed in air strikes against the Viet Cong ODonneU said Vietnamese Air Force VNAF tactical fighters and bombers have been able to locate positively and destroy targets and I mean small fleet ing targets under difficultcon News in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES ditions VNAF pilots are very dis criminating in target selection and do not haphazardly lay waste to everything that moves As a safeguard against lootor is not hostile High Court sets aside conviction a football field the town center not far a group Brotherinlawwins MONTE Rainiers brotherin law was a solid winner Monday in parliamentary elec tions which gave the right to vote for the first time m the tiny principality of Monaco Jean Charles Ray was one of the highest vote getters among the 16 candidates elected for the 18member parliament Money for Italians Agriculture Department has granted an Italian Scientific Institution 319 to be used in research on insecticides commonly used on wheat during storage The research is scheduled to last four years Twins Wonderful Scotland Margaret Davidson 37 mother of five sets of twins and one of triplets said Monday doctors have told her twins again are on the way Its wonderful she said twins are so easy to bring up5 Rugs last 14 years WASHINGTON The Agriculture Research bervice has estimated the service life expectancy purchased new under one owner of several major household appliances They are Electric wash ma chines automatic and semiautomatic 11 years dryer 14 years wringer and spindryer washing ma chines 10 years freezers 15 years vacuum clean ers upright 18 years tank 15 years sewing ma chines eectric 24 years toaster automatic 15 years television sets 11 years living room wool rugs 14 years f American GIs set up a kind f earthquake drug store for nhabitants hit by illness Rockefeller may enter strike scene NEW YORK o v kelson A Rockefeller said Sunday he intends to appoint a of public inquiry with subpoena posvcr to look into New Yorks 79dayold news paper strike if the dispute does not end soon Rockefeller declined to set ullwl ure ulltulllSllailOT5 specific for establishment disclosed by this record South infringed the petitioners WASHINGTON AP The Su preme Court set aside Monday the conviction of 187 Negroes on breach of the peace charges brought after they demonstrated against racial segregation on the South Carolina State Capitol grounds Justice Stewart delivered the courts fi1 decision Justice Clark wrote a dissenting opinion The Negroes high school and college students carried placards and paraded about the Capitol at Columbia SC on March 2 1961 The Slate Senate was in session at the time Stewarts opinion said that In arresting convicting and punish ing the petitioners the demon strators under the circumstances SAME 53 Smfety Mcau Traffic DcaU ia Put T4 of the board but said it will be retty soon because all at cmpts at mediation apparently lave failed The governors remarks came as Mayor Robert F Wagner prepared to meet with repre sentatives of the Publishers As sociation of New York City and striking printers Rockefeller said he had tried not to interfere in the strike but that it was in the public in tcrest that the newspaper black out be brought to the quickest possible end He said he agreed with Pres ident Kennedys suggestion last week that an independent third party the nego tiations Publishers promptly agreed but officials of Local 6 of the international Typo graphical ITU said any form of arbitration was forbidden by the union constitution constitutionally protected rights of free speech free assembly and reedom to petition for redress of heir grievances Joining Stewart in the majority were Chief Justice Warren and Justices Black Douglas Harlan Brennan White and Goldberg Clarks dissenting opinion said that the demonstrators of course had a right to peaceable assem bly to espouse their cause and to petition but he added In my view the manner in which they exercised their rights was by no means the passive demonstra tion which this court the major ity relates MINERS STRIKE ROME 44000 min ers went on a 72hour strike Monday over wages and pro visions in contract negotiations Biggest loan goes to India for trade buys WASHINGTON Iff The United States Monday made the largest development loan in the history of its foreign aid program million to India Its purpose To help India finance imports of priority goods No military aid is in volved The entire amount will be spent in the United States The only larger US loan was for million It was to Britain in 1W3 it was for reconstruction not develop ment On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society news 89 North Iowa news 10 Sports 1M2 Clear Lake news 13 Latest markets 14 Mason City news Comics U North Iowa Fair much colder Monday night lows 5 to 15 be low Fair continued cold Tuesday highs zero to 5 above owa Much colder Monday night cold wave south lows zero to 10 below northeast to near 5 above southwest Con tinued cold Tuesday gener ally fair highs zero northeast to 10 above southwest Fur ther outlook Cloudy Wednes day some light snow war mer Iowa FiveDay Forecast Tem peratures will average 6 to 10 degrees below normal Monday night through Saturday Nor mal highs are from 32 to north and 38 to 42 degrees south Normal lows are from 13 to 20 north and 20 to 24 south It will be cold at the start of the period with ony minor temperature changes thereafter Precipitation will average about 25 of an inch in light snow scattered through the week Minnesota Colder south Mon day night lows 10 to 22 be low north 5 to 15 below south Warmer Tuesday highs 12 to 25 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 24 Minimum 4 At 8 am 2 Precipitation snow Vi in Sunrise Sunset 5 57 ;