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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, February 25, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 25, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME X K DEPARTMENT Of HIST03Y AND DCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 25 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 119 NAZIS RETREAT IN KASSERINE PASS Wavell Commandos Wreck Town Below Akyab BMTISHTROOPS SPEND 5 HOURS ASHORE IN RAID Allied Bomb Japanese Continue Advance on Salamaua By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Boldly stabbing at the enemy rear commando like raiders of Field Marshal Sir Archibald P Wave1s forces were officially re ported Thursday to have at tacked and wrecked a Japanese occupied village 60 miles below the key enemy base at Akyab in Burma Our troops landed Irom ves sels of the royal Indian navy and remained in possession ofthe place about five hours a British communique said Buildings were burned a jetty was blown up and a foot river steamer was de strayed The communique said slight enemy opposition was swiftly overcome No British casualties were suffered It was the first time General Wavell had struck below Akyab since he began his smallscale drive back into Buima roni India last Dec 19 At the nearest point British vanguards had reached within 25 miles of Akyab from the northeast before they met stiffening Japanese resis tance v AIJJfES DKIVE SLOWLT BASE Elsewhere New bombed and machinegunned Jap anese forces In the Mubo sector where Gen Douglas MacAr thurs troops are slowly driving toward the big enemy base at Salamaua while other united na tions airmen attacked the Japa nese over a vast area of the South seas Heavy allied bombers aeain carried the assault to the ene my stronghold at Rabaul New Britain and attacked shipping towns and airdromes at other key points A direct bombhit was regis tered on a 10000ton Japanese cargo vessel at Rabaul allied headquarters said and near hits shook Iwo small enemy warshios JAPS GAIN IJTTLE IN CAMPAIGN AGAINST CHINA China Chinese army spokesman surveying the results of Japans newlyannounced of fensive to knock China out of the war declared that on the whole the Japanese have gained nothing recently from their widespread drives The spokesman said enemy gains had been achieved only at a price of high casualties and that five of the seven Japanese drives had either been thrown back or were gradually losing out Thinks Hitler Wants Troops From France LONDON flJRAlIied sources said Thursday that Adolf Hitlers nazi party proclamation indicated he intends to raise conscript arm jcs in France and other occupied countries and will massacre all who oppose him Evidence that the huge losses suffered by Germany and her satellites in Russia have forced Hitler to take the dangerous step of arming the men of the nations he has conquered was seen in this reference in the proclamation we shall not hesitate one second todemand a contribution to this fateful struggle from those countries which are responsible for the outbreak of the war We shall consider it a matter of course not to spare foreign lives at a time which is demanding great sacrifices of our own lives This section of the proclama tion which was read by a propa ganda ministry official in Hitlers absence Wednesday night at the 23rd anniversary celebration of the nazi party at the Munich Hof brauhaus was believed aimed primarily at France and Poland though it also probably covered Norway Greece and Jugoslavia Later in the proclamation Hit ler warned the peoples of Ger many and the occupied countries that he would tolerate no opposi tion to the nazi rule tresses speed for home leaving in the background the Medi terranean and smoke columns rising from bombed planes and fuel dumps at nazi held El Auiha airdrome north of TunisvTunjsiaThe raid timedtohtt the fieldwhiie Ger transport planes was termedhighly successful with planes de rstroyed by bombs and an equal number by fire Bizerte lies Ieft C01ner AP photo by Margaret Bourkc ru White IOWHTO BET 11 Oppose Deduction ofBenef its IOWA WINTER HEMP PLANTS Mason City Officially Among Sites Selected DES MOINES have only U hemp a will processing man of the agriculture depart Tlie reductionwas ordered be cause ofthe shortage seed Loveland added of hemp Counties still in the hemp pro gram and cities in which plants will be located were announced by Loveland asr Kossuth county VAlgona Han cock county Britt Cerro Gordo county Mason City Floyd ctwnty Rockford Humbpldt county Hum boldt Wright county Eagle Grove Franklin county Hampton Har din county Iowa Falls Gruridy county Grundy Center Boohe county Boone and Tarfla county Traer Plans for planls in the following counties have been canceled Story county Story City Hamil ton county Webster City Webster county Fort Dodge and Butler County Greene WILHELMSHAVEN BOMBED AGAIN No Planes Lost in Assaults by RAF LONDON bombers attacked the nazi naval base at Wilhelmshaven and objectives in western G e r manyWednesday night without the loss of a plane it was announced Thursday Allied flyers last hit Wilhelm shaven Fridaynight Thelatest attack was the sixteenth on Ger many this month an The air ministrys terse nouncement said Last night aircraft of the bomber command made another attack on Wilhelmshaven Bombs were also dropped on objectives in western Germany None of our aircraft is missing The blow at Wilhelmshaven peared to assure the RAF a new record for the number of tons of bombs dropped on axis targets in a single month At the same time came the of in Ceilings for Farm Prices Senate Votes to Knock OutPart6fFRs Stabilization Order WASHINGTON the icvtUKtSa deduction of government benefit payments in establishing farm price ceilings Only Senators Gerry DR I and Green I opposed the measureon the final vote measure which would fleet price controls onmajor fans crops now goes lo the house Senate approval came after less than two hours de bate With indications pointing lo an administration compromise Dem ocraticLeader Barkley of Ken tucky supported the bill with what he said was some trepida tion and the hope that its pas sage would notraise farm prices to the point where such action would contribute to runaway in The majority leader defended President Roosevelts directives authorizing inclusion of benefit payments in freezing agricultural prices since congress had not written legislation making its po sition clear The president he told the sen ate has been consistent in his altitude on the subject and when congress left the matter in doubt he had a right lo put his own in terpretation on it Earlier the bills author Senator Banktwad DAla called np the measure and im mediately offered indorsements from fovr larre ttons The senate agreed wMh ont debate or audible objection to consider the bill Banklicad had a senate clerlt read letters favorable to the leg islation from officials oi the Na tional Grange the American Farm Bureau federation the Na tional Council of Farm Coopera tives and the National Coopera tiVe Mill Producers association NEW POST COMMANDANT DES MOINES Frank U AlcCoskrie of the general staff corps at the sixth service com iue ui corps at me sixth service com Thursday mand headquarters Chicago will morning that dunng darkness succeed Col John A Hoag as post auuceea ioj jonn A Hoag as post Bay War there has been no enemyactivity commandant of the first WAAC StfmU from over Britain iS 5Tfrom training center at Fort DCS Moines Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Thursday afternoon than Wednesday aft ernoon warmer Thursday night and Friday forenoon lowest Thursday night in Mason City 10 degrees IOWA Occasional snow Thurs day night and Friday forenoon Warmer Thursday afternoon and earlier Thursday night be coming colder late Thursday night and Friday forenoon Winds becoming fresh to mod erately strong MINNESOTA Light snow and blowing snow Thursday aftsr noon and Thursday night and east portion early Friday fore noon colder nortli and west Thursday night warmer south east portion early Thursday night becoming colder late Thursday night colder Friday forenoon strong winds dimin ishing slowly late Thursday night and Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette statistics Maximum Wednesday 27 Minimum Wednesday night o At 8 a m Thursday 5 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 11 10 West Branch Agrees to Jap Camp If U S Government So Desires WEST BRANCH dents of West Branch agreed Thursday that if the government wants to establish a Japanese war relocation camp at Scattergood Quaker settlement it will be all right with them Donald R Sabin assistant chief of the employment division of the war relocation authority in Wash ington told the residents Wednes day night that location of such a camp would have farreaching implications It has implications from here lo Tokio and back Sabin said The way we treat the Japanese m this country has a direct rela tion on the effect of Japanese propaganda beamed to China and India and on the treatment of American prisoners of war NOT OVER YET Temperature Dips to Zero in Mason City DES MOINES gol a sharp reminder that winter is still here when the mercury dropped to zero at Mason City Wednesday night alter a week of unseasonably warm weather dur ing which the mercury seldom got more than a few points under the freezing mark The weather bureau forecast colder weather for the state Thursday with continued cold in the southeast rnd warmer in the north and west portions Thurs day night Highest reading Wednesday was SOVIET TROOPS PUSH AHEAD ON ALL OF FRONT German Planes Reported Supporting Attempts for CounterAttacks By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW troops are sweeping ahead along the en tire front in the face of increas ing enemy counterattacks and de spite deep snows in Orel and Kursk provinces and thick sticky mud in the Ukraine and the nor thern Caucasus Held dispatches said Thursday The weather had lifted suffi ciently however to permit the aviation of both sides to increase activity in the southern districts It was clear enough to allow accu rate bombing and numerous aerial dogfights developed The German airforce was re ported throwing its planes into the support of tank and infan try counterattacks west of Ros tov actions which the Russians said they vere repelling with heavy loss to the enemy The Berlin radio declared Thursday that available reports indicated 55 Russian piancs were shot down in air fucds Wednes day and that antiaircraft guns brought down three more Four German planes failed to return from their missions the broadcast reported The most spectacular lani fighting wjiejieported in the are west of Kharkov Yvnere the of fensive is aimed in a wide sweep bearing on the entire industrial Dnieper river valley with Pol tava and Konotop as the gate ways and K i e v e Kremenchug Dnieperopetrovsk and Zaporozhe as the ultimate goals In the last 24 hours two large towns were taken in that sector the Russians announced as the red army smashed through en emy screening forces The towns were not identified Izveslia lic government news paper reported in a dispatch from the Ukraine that the Germans hac mustered fresh reserves to fill the gaps in their regiments and to man lanks in counterassaults bu that the red army artillery smashed the Germans armor with pointblank fire from open gun positions German mobile units were dispersed and their trucks were wrecked Izvestia said Pravda the communist part organ told a dogged advance by soviet units through deep snow as the flanks north of Kursk wen brought nearer to the strong Planes Pound BRITISH EIGHTH ARMY PUSHING DRIVETONORTH Nazi Troops Along Pass By VIRGIL PINKLEY nited Press Staff Correspondent 42 at Burlington Meanwhile there was change in the DCS Moincs rivci situation The weather bureau reported the river was open from above DCS Moines gorge below holding and the river was rising slowly at that point point at Orel Heavy enemy litlle j continued in the counterattack Donets basin to Ecldyville The Eddyviile was still Conscientious Objector Is Keeping Pace With Mohandas Gandhis Fast CAMPTON N Hump A conscientious objector Thursday kept pace with Mohandas K Gandhi in the Indian leaders 21 day fast Corbctt Bishop former west New York N J bookseller began liis fast 16 days ago at the same time Gandtii did Carlcton Mabee in charge of the West Campion conscientious objector camp told reporters in response to their in quiries He is fasting in sympathy with Gandhi Mabce said Although Gandhi is reported talcing citrus juices and water Bishop is restricting himself to water alone Mabce added He said Bishop had lost some weight but that he continued to carry on his camp duties which include cleaning of buildings the ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Vortli Africa Er in Rommels defeated army t reamed eastward through the Casserine Pass Thursday with an ivenging swarm of allied fighter lanes and light bombers smash ng at enemy motor transport along the road of retreat It is uncertain where Rommel vill try to make a stand but one hing is will not be in he area immediately west of the tasserine Pass Advanced units of the American and British forces have forced him out of that section and back into the gap so c has no choice but to continue is retreat until he can get out of the bottleneck Americanplanes swept back and forth across the sap show eriniE bombs on enemy gun positions and the relreatinc column of Germans who had failed in a bold bid to roll up the allied line by capturing Thala The royal air lorce bombed and machinegunned the general area around Kasserine Feriana and jafsa while Americans concen trated on the Knsserine Pass it self A famous squadron of the reg ular French air force flying me dium bombers joined the allied aerial assault Wednesday for the first time The group bombed Nefta southwest of Gafsa and reported good results The squad ron which flies French made planes fought in France until that nation fell to the Germans In the early part of the war he squadron was concentrated against axis shipping in the Mediter ranean and later when Benita Mussolini entered the war i bombed Italian cities Allied bombers attacked the airfield at Tunis Wednesday and scored iiits among enemy planes parked on the jrrouiid A number of them were seen to be burning Seven enemy fight ers and a transport plane were shot down especially southwest of Voroshi lovgrad and north of Stalino bu here again the Russian offensive pushed forward it was declared FR ORDERED TO REMAIN QUIET Suffering A Little Intestinal Upset WASHINGTON Roosevelt is ill from whal Ihc white house described Thursday as a little intestinal upset His ailment is not regarded as serious the white house said A white house secretary Uil inm D Hassett said the presi dent will have to remain quid for 3 few days and see how things shape up Mr Roosevelt ftasscU said has cancelled all engagements and will not receive any callers until his condition shows sonic im provement The president Thursday morn ing had less than one degree of fever Hassett said he did not know whether Mr Roosevelt would remain in bed throughout the day He will be confined to his residential quarters in the white house until his condition improves Six allied planes are missing from all operations and one plane which previously wasreported missing is safe American Losses Less Severe Than First Believed WASHINGTON UPiThc sharp fighting in central Tunisia has re sulted in a cleancut repulse of Marshal Erwin Rommels armored nazi forces Secretary of War Stimson reported Thursday but we will not have an easy nor a quick victory Losses by the American Forces he told his press conference have been less heavy than was first be lieved to be the case as a num ber troops who had been cut off made tlicir wny back through axis lines Materiel losses inclub ing tanks scout cars and field Suns have been heavy lie added but much of this equipment al ready has been replaced The constant air support given the ground forces was vital to the successful counter altacjc against the axis thesecretary commented but the most sig nificant reaction was that of the ground troops were not broken by the German advance but came back with a vigor the Germans were unable to withstand he said General Eisenhower reports that all complacency has been dropped They are thoroughly mad and ready to fight The secretary said he thought it necessary to correct a wide spread impression that the Ameri can forces troops Allies Wipe Out 8 Mile Long Axis Salient in Overnight Operations By KOGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Hardh i 11 i 11 g American and British troops were reported Thursday to have wiped out an eightmilelong axis salient over light as Field Marshal Erwin Kommels battered tank columns retreated deeper into the Kasscr ne pass in central Tunisia Combined with armored car advances by the British 8th army against the itlarelh line in southern Tunisia the allies had Kommcl in trouble on Iwn fronts Field dispatches xaict British and American troops were storm ing into the Kasserinc pass IB miles from the Algerian frontier and n military spokesman said no axis soldiers wcrelcft at the west end of the highwalled canyon The blotting out of an ciglit mile salient Wednesday night ap parently meant that the Germans had been thrown back to within a mile of the eastern end of the sixmilelong gap Nazi rcar uards were reported attempting i stand Wednesday about three miles outside the western end As Rommel retreated he again was leaving Italian in fantry behind a rearguard as he did in Egypt and hundreds of crack Italian infantry and mountain troops were taken prisoner A bulletin from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters said Rommels armored forces hit by a tempest of bombs were con tinuing their withdrawal from the gap and announced Our forward elements arc in contact with the enemy there While British and U S troops hounded Rommel through the pass other allied forces struck menacingly at his right flank in the Sbeitla sector 18 miles northeast of Kasserinc Strong allied patrols were re ported pushing south from Sbiba toward Sbeitla Sbiba lies 21 miles north of Sbeitla and about 20 miles east of Thala near tile hiKhwateimark of Rommels of fensive Farther north French troops in the Ousscltia region were reported wiping out several pockets of re sistance which remained from a recent enemy attack Italian troops serving as rearguards for the Germans were taken prisoner was announced On the southern Tunisian front the communique said armored cars of the British 8th army were carrier boy REGISTRATION TIME SHORT With only three days left m which to register for war ration book No 2 officials said Thursday they hoped that all persons whose initials come before the letter N in the alphabet had registered bul if not advised Ihem to do so immediately Persons wilh initials N 5 ttidO P Q and R registered Thursday Those with the initials S T U aielle and V were scheduled to register Friday and those with the initials W X Y and Z on Saturday in Tunisia arc green Their experience he said was only in actual combat and nil were highly trained up to the point of experience under fire before they went to north Africa The war secretary said that al though the British 1st army was still mudbogged in the north the outlook is for heavy fight ing along the entire Tunisian front actively patrolling Marelh line cast of the APPROVE WAGE INCREASE WASHINGTON labor board in decision affecting the National Oals company Cedar Rapids Iowa has approved an a AFL illt 01 lc ew nr 3 wac ferried across the Mcdilcr tredsc of 2 cents an hour rctroac1 ranean from Sicily live o Aug 1 and 15 cents adcli tonal for male employes of three I Buy War Saving Bonds and vcis cmoruy rclroDclive to j Stamps from your 1 01 la 1 carrier boy Dispatches from allied head quarters suggested that Kom mcl severely punished and driven back 14 miles in a three day battle might retreat lo the jumpingoff point of liis offen sives at Fiid pass 53 miles southeast of Kasserinc pass American and British troops were reported already challenging Rommels control of the box shaped Kasserinc gap salient while wave after wave of allied planes subjected the cramped nazis lo a merciless bombard ment At the same time unconfirmed reports said vanguards of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys British 8th army had circled aroundthe axisheld Marcth little Magiuot line in southern Tunisia and were thrusting north ward in the vicinity of the Cholt Djerkl drier lake The northern rim of the Cholt lies about 130 miles below Kas serinc gap IVith the 8th army sharpen ing its pressure from the south and British and American troops displaying a sudden of fensive punch in the northwest Rommel had apparently reached the end of his attempts to crack the center of the allied front Allied headquarters made no attempt to minimize the strength Rommel still has at his command however The axis leader has a total force of nearly 250000 troops in Tunisia and it was believed that so tar he had used only a small part of the new armor re ;