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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL L Associated Pica and United Press Full Leased Wires T m POWERFUL STRONGHOLD IS TAKEN BY REDS Also Announce yKogachev Evacuation North of Zhlobin London Stalin announced Thursday night the Russian army has captured Dno j east of Pskov and the Berlin radio f acknowledged the Germans have j evacuated Kogachev nazi base in White Russia above Gomel Stalins announcement broad cast by Moscow radio said Dno I a powerful stronghold of Ger man defenses had capitulated to Russian forces Developing their offensive in the difficult forests and swamps region of the Baltic front The Berlin radios announce ment of Rogachevs evacuation nQt immediately confirmed by the Russians said the nazi defenders had fallen back to the west bank of the Prut river The loss of Rogachev on ihe main railroad to Bobruisk and Minsk 14 miles north of Zhlobin would mean that the southern end of the White Russian front was crumbling before the Russian blows and threatens the rail junc tion of Zhlobin itself with en circlement Premier Stalin ordered Dnos capture celebrated at Moscow Thursday night with 12 salvoes from 124 cannon Moscow has remained silent re cently on the White Russian of fensive which the Germansan nounced Wednesday had broken the nazis lines northeast of Uo gachev resulting in heavy light ing Pskov ilseif 64 miles west of Dno was threatened from 2 other directions by soviet forces driving down from Strugi Krashoye 44 miles to the northeast and from the frozen marsh and forest coun try to the northwest where troops of Gen Leonid A Govorovs Len ingrad army last were reported 25 miles away Strugi Krashoye a town on the LeningradPskov trunk railway and 30 other localities were cap tured Wednesday by Jeft MHrierthe Moscow bulletin said Gen K Volk hov army smashed westward along the Staraya RussaPskov railway for 10 miles to breach the defenses Dno liberating more than 150 hamlets on the way One forcethe Russians said cleared a portion of the LeningradVitebsk railway northeast of the junction while other units reached Seme novshchina 34 miles from Dno More than 2500 Germans were killed on the north Russian front Moscow declared The German high command acknowledged soviet advances in the north saying that in the northern sector of the eastern front our detaching movements southwest and west of Lake Ilmen were continued according to plan West and northwest of Krivoi HOST iron mine center in the Dnieper Bend far to the south troops of Gen Rodion Y Malin ovskys third Ukrainian army wiped out 6000 Germans and cap tured several nazihcld communi ties the Kusslan communique re ported as they poshed on toward the Bus river Here it appeared Nazi Marshal Fritz von Mannstein might elect to make a stand against the soviet drive on the approaches to Ru UA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 24 1944 Demos Insist Barkley Continue to Be Leader APPROVE REBUFF GIVEN TO F R Kentuckian ReElected Majority Party Chief Washington unanimous democratic vote returned Senator Barklcy Thursday to the senate leadership he resigned in a sensa tional rebuff to President Roose velts tax veto and the veteran Kentuckian announced he would continue in the important party post Stamping in effect their ap proval on Barkleys bitter denunci ation ofMrfRoosevelts taxmes sage democratic senators roared their acceptance of his resigna tion and just as enthusiastically reelected him leader greatly enhanced in congressional if not also party prestige The president to whom Bark ley directed his stinging rebuke in an extraordinary speech Wednes day climaxed by hisresignation had joined in asking Barkley to continue in a telegram saying your differing with me does not affect my confidence in your leadership nor in any degree les sen my respect and affection for you personally After the dramatic party con ference from which Barkley walked sternly after handing in his resignation the Kentuckian Fires Set in London by Night Raid London from fires set by German night raiders still rose over London Thursday as nazi reconnaissance planes flew boldly over the city and touched off the first bona fide day alert experienced in tfie capital has many months Appearance of the German scouts apparently checking dam age donein sharp raid on London in 6 nights underscored commentators warning an RAF that the Lnftwaffe has shifted strone bomber formations to France and presumably is ready io continue the current series of streamlined attacks Antiaircraft guns roared into action as 2 enemy planes wire spotted streaking over the capital shortly after the breakfast hour It was the first real daylight alert since last July 9 Thousands of incendiaries and many high explosivebombs were showered down on the capital Wednesday night causing dozens of deaths and widespread damage At least 4 of the raiders were re ported downed Berlin is boasting that a non offensive has been launched against the British capital ac cording to a dispatch to the Swed ish newspaper Aftonbladet AH the siained ylass windows were blown from a chapel near one of Londons historic buildings and while the exterior suffered damage the chapels richlyorna mented interior was marred only slithlly too expressed to reporters his deepest personal affection for Mr Roosevelt The conference by unaniinous votes immediately accepted the resignation then reelected him leader Barkleys acceptance followed in his office when 6 senators ad vised him formally of the over whelming vote of confidence They rcporied that Barkley was so moved during his accenlaiice of the honor that his voice broke and tears came into his eyes Thus was enacted the second chapter in a political dramawhich raised a serious democratic chal lenge to President Roosevelts leadership in the 1944 election year Senator McKellar of Tennessee snid of the party caucus behind closed doors that Mr Roosevelt was not discussed at all nor was ihere any talk of any extraneous subjects whatsoever Shortly after Barkleys reelec tion the voiced its own stern disapproval of the tax veto by voting 293 lo 95 to pass the tax not surpassed in the history of the senate When a reporter asked JfcKel lar whether Barkley should now be regarded as spokesman for senate democrats rather than for the white house Barkley whis pered to the Tennessecan You dont have to answer that and McKellar replied Id rather not answer it Every one can have his own views Emerging from the guarded doors of the conference room the democratic senators reported that by a unanimous vote they had ac cepted his resignation then re elected him unanimously The committee was composed of Senators Thomas a staunch new dealer Connally D George Clark and Walsh J Connally piloted passage of the SmithConnally labor bill through the senate over President Roose velts xeto All the others except Thomas havebeen at odds with the president from time to time Barkleys dogged insistence on resigning the post lie has held for 7 twice ns Ion as any other taken as an indication of the gravity of his President Roosevelt bill tions over the presidents objec Barkley said he would reply probably later Thursday to Presi dent Roosevelts telegram urging him to accept reelection as lead er and said he would make his reply public Asked if he would continue to attend white house conferences of legislative leaders he replied Of course I will if Im invited to attend them What do you care to say about the 4th term he was asked next Not a Earkley re sponded Senator BlcKetlar said Presi dent Roosevelts telegraphed mes sage to Barkley was not read and not mentioned in the caucus which also adopted a resolution of high praise for Berkleys serv ice and attainments The resolution said We assure Senator Barkley of our confidence in him as our lead er of our affectionate regard and abiding respect as a fellow sen ator and our desire that he shall continue to serve us cur party and our country in the great post of power and duty to which we have repeatedly called him and which he has honored by service break over the chief executives tax bill veto Barkley told the senate Wednes day he was quitting to save his selt respect Cheers and rebel yells broke out among democratic senators as Barkley had walked into a party conference To a man the assembled demo crats arose and gave hima rousing ovation before the door had closed for he executivesession Barkley emerged Thursday probably the most potent demo cratic presidential possibility out side the white house as a lighting mad congress rallied behind him in his sensational break with President Roosevelt With allied capitals around the world looking on a domestic drama of Tarreaching implica tions rose to crescendo pilch as I Jnembcrs of ihe nations dominant party took sides in the most se rious challenge thus far to Mr Roosevelts leadership Barkleys senatorial colleagues virtually guaranteed him a smash ing vote of confidence as they met to reject his resignation as major ity post in which he had served as the presidents legisla tive lieutenant for 7 years Mr Roosevelt himself moving swiftly to head off a revolt that promised in the eyes of some ob servers to elevate Barklcy to the foremost ranks of presidential pos sibilities this year expressed a hope that the Kentuckians resig nation would not be accepted He urged Barkley in a telegram ad dressed Dear Alben not to re sign Party dissension flamed high in the house too as that body convened to vote on the question of overriding the presidents veto of a new tax the issue which led Barkley to an nounce in an impassioned speech on the senate floor Wednesday that he was through carrying the flag of Franklin D Roose velt Chairman Doughton DN Car of the house ways and means committee another erstwhile Roosevelt stalwart declared the veto message marked the point where I part company with the president of the United States The president had contended the tax bill was inadequate for wartime needs Barkley declaring the president was guilty of misstatements and of making a deliberate and cal culated assault upon the honesty and integrity of congress said Other members may do as they pleased I do not propose to lake this unjustifiable assault lying down BREAK WITH SPAIN URGED Coffee Calls Franco Puppet of Hitler Washington Rep Coffee DWash Thursday demanded that the United States immediate ly break all diplomatic relations with Spain We must make this break now on our own terms he said in a speech prepared for delivery in the house before the axis forces us to break with fascist Spain on terms such as Japan handed us at called for a house investigation of activities in South America denounced Spains leader as Hitlers faith ful puppet and as a man of worthless promises There is no doubt Coffee de clared asto whore falangist Spain fits into the axis war picture Neutral Spanish ships he said deliver thousands ot nazi agents to ports in every American nation Neutral Spanish ships de liver thousands of tons of nazi propaganda to all Latin America Neutral Spanish ships rendezvous with nazi submarines in Latin American waters supply them with oil water and them information on ments of united nations convoys In the face of the cold facls about Franco in Spain and Franco in Latin America why arc vc per mitting a new smokescreen to be raised in Madrid and in London and in Washington when the issue of Spains role Js broached Why allthis pious dream talk about Francos new neutrality Why all this fantastic nonsense about Franco breaking with Hit food give the move Tne Spanish people the repre sentative declared do not want Franco adding that they are a thousand times more weary of fascism than they are ot He called upon congress to so on record as favoring an immedi ate break with Franco and to offer the moral and physical re sources of this nation to the uni fied Spanish antifascist under ground movement This Paper Consists ol Two On MAKES ALL NORTH NtlGHBORS Speculation Grows That Yanks Again Caught Japs by Surprise Pcurl Harbor ol U S planes from a powerful nuval task force that thrust to within 1300 miles of Tokyo were believed Thursday to have wrecked another portion of the Japanese fleet in an assault on the twin Mariana bases ot rmian and Saipan nexttothe last Pacific barriers to Japan it self Speculation grew that the car riediiased planes duplicating the American victory at Truk 650 miles to the southeast caught Japanese uruisers destroyers and nossibiy even battleships and car riers in the Mariana strongholds and sent many of them to the bottom under a rain of bombs and torpedoes Adm Chester W Nimitz com mander of the Pacific fleet an nounced in a communique Wed ncsday that the assault Tuesday No details were avail able he said and it was pre sumed that the task force had resumed radio silence until it reaches less dangerous waters Radio Tokyo remained silent on the Mariana raid instead quo ting Adm Sankichi Takahashi former communderinchief of the Japanese combined Heel as saying that the enemy so tar has failed to give any blow to Japanese naval The raid came only 5 days after carrierbased planes perhaps in cluding those making the new at tack sank 19 Japanese ships prob ably sank 7 others destroyed at least 201 enemy planes and wrecked shore installations at Truk in the Carolines Feb 16 and 17 It also coincided with the oc cupation of the last of the islands in Eniwetok atoll northwestern most of the Marshall islands 750 miles northeast of Truk Nimitz said Parry island on the south eastern side of Eniwetok was Captured Tuesday night a little HIPPK Overrides Roosevelt NmluAITACKu A f T NEARER 95 EXPECT SENATE TO TAKE SAME ACTION FRIDAY after marine Cofee who p r e vii OTIS 1 y army lied for a hnnsp Vi r under cover of ferriific air and naval bombardment Only 48 prisoners were captured on the whole atoll The remainder of the garrison of possibly 3000 including 100 more on Parry was wiped out to the last man occupation of Eniwetok was completed in 5 days 3 fewer than were required for the capture o Kwajaicia atoll 355 miles to the southeast 2 weeks earlier and gave the United States an excel lent air base and naval anchorage within easy striking distance of Truk and Wake island 600 miles northeast of Eniwetok The naval task force attack on the Marianas represented the deepest penetration of Japanese wafers from lie south or east since the last raid on Marcus last Sep tember and Maj Gen James II Doolittles raid on Tokyo in April Saipan lies 1100 miles west of Eniwetok laOO miles west of Kwajalein 3600 miles west of Pearl Harbor and 1200 miles east of the Philippines The only other formidable Japa nese base between the Marianas and Tokyo is in He Bonin islands Oljl lllc tlay U S Heavy Bombers Batter Gotha Schweinfurt Plants FIGHTING AGAIN FLARES ALONG ANZIO FRONTIER Allied Artillery Breaks Up German Groups Preparing to Attack Allied Headquarters Naples again flared on the Anzio front with artillery gun ners breaking up German groups preparing to attack in front of American troops west of Cisterna and allied troops repulsing nazi attempts to infiltrate their lines southwest of CaiToceto allied headquarters announced Thurs day While 4engined bombers were ranging into Austria and attacking an important German aircraft as sembly plant at Stcyr the tac tical air force swung over the coast of Italy and Jugoslavia showering bombs on enemy ship ping from which the enemy has been feeding supplies into the Italian battle areas The air command announced that 6 liberators were lost in the Steyr attack The bomber crews shot down 32 enemy fighters and escorting lightnings accounted for another In a visit Thursday to the Medi terranean theater Lt Gen Carl A Spaatz commander of the American strategic bombing force based in Britain and the Medi terranean talked with the liber wswho hi t Steyi a n dex plained how air offensive is being coordinated with attacks Irom England Lt Gen Ira C Eaker allied air com mander in the Mediterranean ac companied Spaalz on his tour in this theater Patrol actions incl sharp ex changes of artillery fire continued on the main 5th army front in the Cassino area Allied shells ap parently hit German munitions or gasoline clumps in the mountains northwest of Cassino Explosions were observed in 3 places Although sharp fighting oc curred at some points on the beachhead and enemy movements suggested jsazi Field Marshal Al bert Kesselring was regrouping his forces for a 3rd try at driving the allies into the sea the Ger man high command did not com mit any sizable forces to action V 4 Jf HI their 5th consecutive day of smashing at the very roots of German air power deep in the reich The 4engined craft renewed the wars greatest aerial offen sive as swarms of American marauders and British typhoons were striking across the channel Gotha is in central Germany 158 miles southwest of Berlin Schweinfurt where the American air forces suffered one of their most grievious losses of GO flying fortresses last Oct 14 is 220 miles southwest of Berlin The Berlin radio reported ex tensive air battles over northwest and central Germany Several key continental radio stations had left the air The allied daylight assault was resumed after German raiders sharply attacked London Wednes day night and RAF mosquitos had set sirens wailing in Germany again in a series of scattered at tacks over the western reich Dutch airfields were the targets selected for the daylight pound ing by the American medium ma rauders They struck under of allied fighters while the RAFs typhoon fighterbombers Wednesday and changed hands no ground German planes continued to bomb and shoot up beachhead troops until noon but rain in the afternoon kept them on the ground Heavy cannonading re sounded from both lines Ihrbugh J which lie 900 mjlcs north of Snij British forcesof 11 pan and only UOO miles south of beat otf a smallscale 42 Prewar Tires Found in Basement Man Held Los Angeles Pat Malonc window washer was held by police Thursday after they found 42 prewar tires 13 wheel rims 30 cases of canned foods and 13 saxophones in his basement Malone said his ration board gave them to him Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Thursday night and Friday Lowest temperature at Mason City 25 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with no im portant temperature change Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and cloudy Friday with light snow north and west central portions by afternoon Decreasing winds Friday Warm er Thursday night becoming colder north and west portions Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 38 Minimum Wednesday 0 At 8 a m Thursday 20 Tokyo Rear Adm Marc A Mitscher commanded the carriers attacking the Marianas a spokesman for revealed Mitscher held a similar command under the over all direction ot Adm Raymond A Spruancc in the Truk assault While the Mariana attack was under way other strong elements of the American central Pacific forces repeatedly attacked enemy positions in the Marshalls and Carolines Monday and Tuesday ie 8th army German at tack in the region of Guardiagrele about 20 miles inland from the Adriatic on a highway southeast of Ortona Other patrols inflicted casualties on the Germans near Arielli In sweeps across the Adriatic planes of the tactical airforce wove a closeknit pattern of bombs along the length of the Jugoslav coast covering Zara harbor the harbor near Marina a landing field near Knin a motor convoy nnvtli nf 1 north of Split and shipping in the went after military objectives in northern France The renewed assault came on the heels of a U S strategic air force headquarters announcement which said lhat the concentrated American air attacks on German aircraft factories have so reduced nazi fighter production that every enemy plane shot down in combat now is a vital contribution toward knocking Germanys air force out of action Official statements here and from allied headquarters Naples said a total of 343 German planes had been shot down in the last 4 days by American airmen in at tacks on Germany from Britain and Italy Thirtythree of these sh oti d o wn Wednesday i 11 an attack on Steyr rAustriaby lib erators and escoitihgfighlers ifrofn Italy An allied Mediterranean com munique said that 37 enemy planes were destroyed in opera tions in that theater Wednesday which included attacks on targets in Italy as well as the raid on Steyr The days overall allied losses were yiven ns 7 planes but the communique did not break this figure down Compensation Official Says Its Okay to Sleep on job Certain Times Hartford Conn A Moylan unemployment com pensation commissioner says its okay to sleep on the job under certain circumstances Awarding unemployment com pensation to Nick Rentavlps G3 of Nev Britain who was dis charged for sleeping at his bench Moyiand said the employe merely took a cat waiting for work to be brought to him This was not n sufficient reason for him to be fired IMoyiaij ruled Drvenick channel Spitfires at ackr 1 Corfu off the Greek coast A some points hcdgchopping spitfires saw Jugoslav partisan forces waving as they roared to their targets On Ihe northwest coast of Ttaly Mitchell bombers blasted enemy shipping in Castigliencello har bor near Leghorn Altogether 7 allied planes were lost from this theater Wednes day and 36 German planes were shot down PNOWX Rebellion in Democrat Ranks Reels Political Capital Back on Heels Washington In strident rebellion against President Roose velts tax views the house Thurs day voted 299 to 95 to pass the new revenue biJl over his veto Ninetynine democrats and one minor party member joined 199 republicans in voting to override Three republicans 3 minor party members and 89 democrats voted to sustain the chief executive Only 283 votes were required to override the veto The opponents of the veto thus had 36 votes to spare in getting their twothirds majority The senate is expected to du plicatf the house action Friday putting the tax bill on the statute books the presidents objections notwithstanding A rebellion in democratic ranks that reeled political Washington back on its heels preceded the house action Involved were Sen ate Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky and Chairman Dough ton DN Car of the ways and means committee both of whom called for action overriding the president The house galleries were filled an hour before the motion to over ride came to a roll call and crowds gathered in the halts of the capitol to catch even a small glimpse of the proceedings The 80 year old Doughton de clared he had parted company with the president on theveto is sue saying Mr Hoosevelts mes 8 Iowans Overridingf Veto Washington bers of the house voted with majority Thursday when the house overrode the presidents veto of the tax bill by a score of 299 to 95 The loivans arc all rcpubli sage reflected on the judgment and integrity of the congress of the United Slates and that the executive has told us in effect that if youll accept my dictation and abdicate your responsibility Ill approve what you do Mr Roosevelts Washington birthday veto message described Ihc tax bill as a measure for the relief of the greedy This was the 2nd time within a year the president hat been over riden in the house The Smith Connally antistrike bill became law last June over the presidents veto the house voting 244 to 105 to override Mr Roosevelt has been success ful during that lime in having2 vetoes sustained Both of these vetoes prevented the outlawing of food subsidies as a part of the wartime stabilization program Thursdays house action was one of the worst legislative set backs the president has suffered since he took office 11 years ago Immediately alter the overrid ing vote Hep Ktiutson R Minn republican leader of the ways and means committee issued a state ment calling for a complete shakcup o Ihe policymaking per sonnel in the treasury depart ment In a joint statement Wednes day Knutson and Doughton said they hoped fhe treasury would cease trying to obstruct when it cannot indicating inabil ity of the laxwriting lawmakers to get along further with present treasury policymaking person nel Knutson said congress has been unable to rely upon treasury tax recommendations or the informa tion upon which such recom mendations arc based The republican tax leader an nounced he was introducing Thursday a bill to establish the bureau of internal revenue as an independent agency so that it may serve both the president and the congress unfettered by Ihc theorists and stargazers i n treasury the OPA Rent Director Told to Vacate Home Wilmington N Car George W Jeffrey office of price administration rent director tot the Wilmington area said his rented house had been sold and the new owner had asked him to vacate by March 1 Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaicitc carrier boy ;