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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 24, 1940, Mason City, Iowa or COMP A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THt NEWSPAKK THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NHGHIORS VOLXLVI MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUli TjAgrn WIRES CENTS A COW MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 24 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 120 BRITAIN AND NAZIS CITE WAR AIMS CHAMBERLAINS SPEECH LASHES NAZISTYRANNY Seek to Restore Pole Czech States Abolish Spirit of Militarism BIRMINGHAM Eng Prime Minister Neville Chamber lain in the most explicit statement of war aims since the war started said Saturday that the allieswere fighting against nazi world dom ination to obtain the right to live for small European states to abol ish the spirit and to gain independence for the Poles and Czechs Chamberlain indicated that Britain would welcome United States participation in the re constructionof Europe after the war It is for Germany to take the next step to show us that she for once and for all lias abandoned the thesis that might is right he said France and Britain would notwish alone to settle the new Europe Others must come in to help us above all to bring about disarmament which is the essen tial feature of lasting peace In thelast of a series of war preparedness speeches by cab inet ministers Chamberlain said the allies did not want domina tion themselves and did not covet anybodys territory They were fighting he said to right which Germany had inflicteil on people who were once free And Germany herself he said could do more than any other nation to reestablish conHdence since she herself has done mos tO Finns Admit Loss of Fortified Area of Koivisto Sweden Is Off Gold Standard By HOLGEE HANSEU United Press Staff Correspondent STOCKHOLM UPJ Sweden vent offthe gold standard Satur lay as the government convoked t special session of parliament or Sunday afternoon and faced a lifficult diplomatic situation as esult of Russian denials that red army planes had bombed the Swedish frontier town of Fajala The government agreed to es ablish foreign exchange control The bill tabled in parliament Sat urday afternoon will be debated and passed Sunday and it will be come effective Monday No oppo sition to the measure was ex pected Previous restrictions on gold Wienshejs readyto give re liable proofs of her good will sh wiir not find others lacking ini thi will to helpi her overcome the eco nornicdifficulties tliat will accom panythe transition from war ti he said In our aims there is nothing humiliating or oppressive for anyone and on such a basis we on our part should be ready to seek a settlement with any gov ernment that had subscribed to those aims and given proof of its sincerity Chamberlain almost contemp tuously criticized Russias war or Finland So easy did Germanys con quest of Poland appear he said that the apprentice Russia thought be could safely make a similar attempt in Finland but though the Russian apprentice had nothing to learn from his master in brutality he had not yet mastered his craft nor acquired his force In what was interpreted as a indirect invitationtoneutrals t join the allies Chamberlain spok of their sufferings at Germany hands All small states near Gei many are living in a perpetua nightmare of fear he said Chamberlain said that Germa war aims were in Vwo the destruction of this nation and domination of the world On the other hand he con tinued ive are fighting against German domination of the world we are fighting to secure that small nations of Europe shall henceforth live in security free from the constant threat of aggression against their independence and ofex termination of their people But we do not want domination lor ourselves nor covet anyone elses territory We arc fighting to right wrongs Germany has inflicted on people who once were free We arc fighting to abolish the spirit of militarism and the ac cumulation of armaments which is pauperizing all Europe and not least Germany herself How are these aims to be se cured x First the independence of the Poles and Czechs must be se cured Secondly we must have some tangible evidence that willsatisfy us that any pledges or assurances given will be fulfilled Therefore it is for Germany to take the next step and show us she has once for all aban doned the thesis that right is might France and Britain would not wish alone to settle the new Eu rope Others must come in to help us and above all bring about disarmament which is an essential feature of a lasting peace K X In the reestablishment of con fidence Germany herself can do more than any other nation since she herself has done most to de stroy it he concluded transactions were in force against public business but special dis pensation was granted to the cen ral bank That dispensation was revoked Saturday Exchange control under the new setup will be regulated by parlia ment itself which henceforth will constitute af special commission for the purpose of mobilizing the nations wealth and Swedish in vestments abroad The regulations it was under stood were aimed to restrain the outflow of the countrys wealth by businessmen in order to pro vide the country with credits necessary for the purchase abroac of goods necessitated by entrsituation ENEMYSLOSSES HEAVY REPORT FINN OFFICIALS Mannerheim Welcomes Volunteer Fighters of Norway Sweden HELSINKI Finnish ligh command admitted Saturday hat the Russians held the forti ied coastal area of Koivisto and had made it the starting point for new drives toward Viipuri and against strategic islands in Viipuri Say The daily communique de clared the enemys losses were heavy in these attacks but did not say whether they were suc cessful Until Saturday the Finns had not admitted loss of the Koivisto region which had been the west ern anchor of the Mannerheim fortress line across the strategic Karelian isthmus SCANDINAVIAN HELD IN COPENHAGEN COPENHAGEN the flames of two wars threatening to engulf their countries the foreign ministers of Denmark Sweden and Norway Saturday sought means of halting the sinking of their ships bombing of their towns and violation of their territorial waters while still their neutrality Foreign Ministers maintaining Dr Peter Munch Denmark Halvdan Koht Norway and Christian Gunther Sweden scheduled meetings Sat urday afternoon and Sunday Koht declared before the first session that the sharpened sea warfare and its effect on the Scandinavian countries would be one of the principal topics for dis cussion Even as the foreign ministers gathered word was received that another Danish vessel the 1206 tor Aase had been sunk in the Atlantic with the loss of 16 lives Anxiety mounted in the Scandi navian countries as these prob lems faced their statesmen 1 Repeated sinkings of Nor wegian Swedish and Danish ships by submarine and mine action The three countries al ready have lost more than 50 ships totaling about 160000 tons with a loss of 600 lives 2 Settlement of the Allmark incident in which British war ships invaded Norwegian terri torial waters to seize 299 British seamen imprisoned on a nazi ship 3 The bombing of the Swed ish town of Fajala near the Fin nish border Sweden said Rus sian planes did the bombing Russia has denied if The conference of the three ministers is their second since lasl Dec 7 when they met at Oslo to consider means of negotiating peace in the FinnishRussian war As Koht left Oslo Friday night for the conference the sinking oi two more Norwegian ships and the setting fire to a third in the North sea were reported Norwegian newspapers attacked unrestricted submarine warfare as the purest piracy and the Ship ping Times asked whether i would not be a fair situation i deliveries to Germany from Nor way were reduced by one loading each time the Germans sink a Norwegian ship The communique listed Russian dead of more than 2350 in Fri days fighting in addition to an nihilation of two detachments 01 unstated size To the east almost in the cen ter of the isthmus front the high command said two Russian de tachments which had pene trated onr positions were wholly annihilated and at SalmenkaiU the attacking enemy was hurled tack and compelled to leave on the field over a thousand killed x xx The Finns said a thou one sector north east of LSke Ladoga and 350 other n the KuhttiO sector just belov inlandsnarrow SWEDISH NORWEGIAN VOLUNTEEKS WELCOMED HELSINKI com manderinchief Field Marsha 3aron Carl Gustaf Mannerheim Saturday welcomed Swedish anc forwegian volunteers into tli Finnish army This was interpreted to mean arge number of these volunteer now are on the firing line To you who have left your homes and loved ones to share with us the dangers and trials of war I offer the thanks of the Finnish nation said the field marshal As he voiced his gralification a the arrival of these muchneede replacements red army troop concentrated their unrelenting as saults on the Karelian Isthmus i a series of drives aimed at th shellbattered city of Viipuri Despite the fury of the Russia offensive which has continue uninterrupted since Feb th Finns said their lines outside th ghost city cleared of its 7400 population still were holding fast lUannerheim after whom the Finns have named their fortifi cations on the Isthmus said the arrival of Swedish and Norwe gian volunteers indicated that these countries realize that Fin land is fighting for ideals for which they themselves stand Although specialized Swedish and Norwegian volunteers such as pilots and mechanics have been in active service for several months the mainvmits have been undergoing intensive training for One of Alabama Quadruplets Dies Pneumonia Victim JASPER Ala Short second of the tiny quadruplets born 42 days ago in a backwoods cabin died of bronchial pneu monia Monday night The other quads of Mr and Mrs Clyde Charity and in excellent con dition King Honors Naval Hero Before the greatest crowd of cheering Londoners since the coronation King George VI decorates Ijeut N K Todd left of the British cruiser Ajax with a Distinguished Service Cross as Britain hon ored the veterans of the Battle of Montevideo which led to the destruction of the German battleship Admiral Graf Spec Shown left to right in this radiophoto are Todd the king Capt F S Bell of the cruiser Exeter First Sea Lord Sir Dudley Pound Prime minister Chamberlain and Winston Churchill 7 BELOW HERE IOWAS COLDEST lowain Grip of Gold Wave Averaging From combat duty Mannerheims statement came as the iirst indication that these volunteers actually were in the thick of the fight The Finns said one Russian salient northwest of the Ramara railway station was 10 or 13 milts from Viipuri They ac knowledged early this week that the city was considered a part of the front The Russians at the same time declared they were only six miles away Attacks aimed at the city and others ranging the full 65mile width of the Karelian Isthmus were being beaten off the Finns reported with heavy Russian cas ualties Military observers noting the slow advance of the red army said the Finnish withdrawals were deliberate and wellplanned with each bit of soil bought in Russian blood before the Finns re linquished it The soviet commands com munique attributed slowness of the offensive to heavy snow and fog but said 12 more Finnish fortifications had been taken Friday DES MQ1NES Iowa was in the grip of another cold wave Sat urday with temperatures averag ing five to 18 degrees below nor mal after hitting a 7 beloiv zero minimum Friday night at Mason City Spirit Lake had 6 below Charles City and Ames had two below minimums The weather bureau predicted fair conditions and rising tem peratures for the weekend how ever A combination ol sleet snow and rain1 was reported at all weather stations in the state ex cept Mount Ayr the bureau said ranging from 12 of an inch at Sioux City to 54 of an inch at Charles City The highway patrol said high ways generally were slippery throughout the state as the rain and sleet froze tightly under the sharp temperature drop Motorists inched their way along Des Blomes ice covered streets and many became stuck in ruts and street car tracks Hills and curves on many high ways were being sanded the patrol said It warned that highway six west of DCS Moines was very slip pery The mercury Friday rose to a high of 36 degrees at Keokukanc Council Bluffs the weather bureau said Skies were clear over all bu the southeast section of Iowa the bureau reported The patrols highway repor said Northwest highways slip pery in spots southwest arid cen very icyhills anc curves being sanded southeast highways covered with packec snow are very slippery hills anc curves being sanded some drifting in vicinity of Dubuque Former Wife of Comic Laurel Goes 4on Wagon HOLLYWOOD UP Illeana Laurel former wife of Comedian Stan Laurel leaves for New York Saturday to take a singing engage ment positively and definitely on the water wagon The blond singer was releaset Friday from jail after serving 15day sentence for intoxication She received a 60day sentence but 45 days were suspended when she promised to leave the state fo a year Judge Cecil D Holland said her exile was for protection of our police Sneezing Attack by Girl Finally Ended MARIETTA Ohio five day attack of sneezing that pu Marjoric Ruth Kaneff 11 in a hospital stopped Saturday Shi was able to take nourishmcn through the mouth for the lirs time since Monday Her dorlo said a brain irritation probably caused the attack LOOK INSIDE FOR CHARLES EVAN HUGHES Decade of Service Is Ended by Chief Justice PAGE 2 Mason City Wins Last Tussle Record Clear PAGE 9 Lutheran Students Union Will Convene PAGE 8 I C i T T NAVAL TRAWLER IS SUNK BY MINE British Report Air Flights Made as Far Gityoi Prague LONDON the grim giveandtake war on the sea Britain Saturday announced th sinking of the naval trawler Ben volio by a mine with loss of 1 men while press reports said ton German submarines had bee sunk by British flyers and merchantman In the air there was giveanc take also with the air ministry an nouncing a night penetration o greater Germany as far as Pragu while German planes scoute France to the outskirts of Paris The Authoritative Press As sociation said Rojral Air force planes also had flown over Kiel Hamburg and Bremen strategic ports along Germanys north west coast Tlie 352ton Benvoiio was t British navys 30th loss of the wa The reports that four Germa submarines had been sunk thre by royal air force bombs and on through ramming by the Britis steamer Asiatic off the Shetlan Islands were without official con iirmation If true German submarin losses reported by the British no total 50 Two submarines sa in French idvices to have bee destroyed Friday in the North sea were believed both here and in Paris to be two of the four ihe British press said had been sunk The British aerial scouting over Germany as far as Prague cost the royal air force one the pilot lost his bearings and landed in Belgium where the crew of six were arrested The reconnaissance was the sec ond in as many nights and the third of the year to carry deep into Germany Huffs Trade 3olicy Upheld yy House Vote WASHINGTON ff Senate pponents conceded Saturday that le triumph of Secretary Hulls agreements program in the ouse Friday night foreshadowed ontinuation of the policy in some orm They served notice however that they would make a vigorous effort to attach restrictive amendments to the extension bill which the house approved 216 to 168 The house vote which gave tht dministration a victory in the rst big legislative test of the ses ion and strengthened Secretary Hulls position as a possible dem eratic presidential nominee hifted the battle over the trade igrecmcnts to the senate side o he capilol Up to the senators now is th question Shall congress grant the executive branch of the govern ment for three more years powe o enter into reciprocal agreement vith other countries concernini ariff reductions and other tradi concessions The present grant o authority along these lines expire June 12 The senatfc opponents said they would line up behind these pro posals 1 An amendment requiring that the agreements be ratified by a twothird majority of the senate before they could be come effective 2 A proposal to set up a con gressional yardstick providing limits on 3 An amendment to eliminate the mostfavorednation the oryof the existing reciproca trade program by which conces sions granted one country arc extended to all others which the government decides are not dis criminating against United States goods Senator Adams D Colo sa the yardstick proposal would pvi hibit the reduction o tariffs bi low the point where the produi tion cost of foreign goods plus th tariff would be less than the cost of production of competing Ameri can goods Support for this idea came from Senator Talt R HITLERS TALK HINTS CENTRAL EUROPETHREAT By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS HELSINKI Kus sians maintain inexorable pressure on Manneiheim line but Finns say small gains made Red army says snow fog retards of fensive sinks naval trawler with 10 men lost British report bomb ers merchantmen sink four German submarines Royai Air Force scouts Prague PARIS French report two German submarines destroyed Friday in North sea German aerial scouts rove over France COPENHAGEN Scan dinavian foreign ministers confer on common neutral ity problems in midst of two wars Adams and Tatt also favored elimination of the moslfavorcd nation policj Senator McNary of Oregon the republican leader predicted that virtually all republicans would vote against continuance the trade program However Taft told reporters I am in favor of the reci procal method because it is much preferable io congressional logrolling the practice of members of congress voting for each others pet But some standard should be pro vided to insure that the pro gram will be on a protective rather than free trade basis 1 dont favor senate ratifica tion because that simply would kill the whole program The senate finance committee will begin hearings on the house approved bill Monday and Chair man Harrison D Miss said he expected to send the measure to the senate floor by next weekend Secretary be the first witness Farmer About to Be Executed for Murder Shoots Kills Self HAHR1SBURG Pa which Sheriff Asa Steigenvalt said was selfinflicted cheated Penn sylvanias electric chair Saturday of one of three men scheduled to be executed Sunday night Steigerwall reported that Wil liam H Yeager o5 year old farm er convicted of slaying a state trooper in 1937 shot and killed himself in his cell less than two hours before he was to be taken to Rockvicw penitentiary scene of the execution Bystander Dies of Heart Attack When Woman Is Stricken CLEVELAND Mrs Paul Andrasck 27 suffered a heart at tack and her husband cailed the fire department As the rescue squad arrived Mrs Christine Palady 60 w a s overcome by the excitement and also suffered a heart attack Both women died The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Saturday night and Sunday colder extreme cast not quite so cold extreme west Saturday night rising tempera ture Sunday MINNESOTA Fair Saturday night and Sunday colder ex treme southeast Saturday night rising temperature Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending Satur day at 8 a m Maximum Friday 1G Minimum in Night 1 At 8 a m Saturday 5 YEAR AGO Maximum 28 Minimum o Snowfall Tr WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO weather outlook for the week bcginmng Monday Upper Mississippi cipitation mostly in form of snow at beginning and toward end of week otherwise generally fair temperature below normal Northern great Planes Light snows at beginning and toward end of week otherwise generally fair moderately cold Second Aim of Nazis Is to Regain Colonies Lost in World War MUNICH Fuehrer Adolf Hitler intimated to a cheering audience of nazi leaders and fol lowers here Saturday nlfht that Germany has not yet occupied all the territory in middle Eu rope to which she is entitled There still arc some regions which Germany built in which she is entitled to lebensraum or room to live the fuehrer said Hitler said further that his second aim is return of her lost colonies We demand the return of the colonies robbed from us by the capitalistic plutocrats he de clared Regarding Germanys Euro pean aims Hitler said central Europe was built by us not by the British God did not create the world for England alone lie thun dered My first goal is the security of our own living space Hitler said There are still some re gions in middle Europe which have been built by Germany and there we shall live and in this living space we shall not tolerate any threat or political combina tion against us Reiterating Germanys confi dence of winning the war he said that if he had been chancellor in a nazi regime during the World war Germany would have been the victory He was cheered when he em phasized how he had rearmed Germany as it had never been armedBefore V Germany he declared was deceived and betrayed by the Versailles treatyIt had no rights and no arms he said and was a hell for decent men dominated by the international clique of plutocrats The Germans Hitler said were promised a new world of justice and were idiotic enough to be lieve it Speaking of colonies Hiller said English 1 e i d e r Eden DuffCooper Chamberlain and finally the eternal spirit of the Jew turned ngainst us Churchill was known as an agitator and war monger already in World war times white I was a little unknown soldier just do ing my small duty We came from different worlds these people have renewed heir agi tation hoping for help in other countries and with food reason because everywhere they have their Jewish allies But this lime they have to count on mr the veteran I have never left any doubt that I was resolved to free Ger many That they hale me for this reason is my utter pride It was on Feb 24 1920 Hint Hitler in the nowfamed Hofbrau haus in Munich formally an nounced creation of the national socialist German workers parly and proclaimed his program The fuehrers address wns broadcast throughout Germany and carried to the United States by short wave There was an uproar of cheers as Hitler came to the microphone to speak German comrades Hitler began twenty years ngo f ap peared for the first time before the general public was the hardest and most dramatic decision of mi life If I stand among yon that in itself is remarkable He was interrupted by wild cheers When I appeared before you at that time I was not a pacifist I was a soldier Our nation at that time had collapsed in a way that was un paralleled in history were the victims of an enormous world deception but we alone were not deceived The oth ers were also They cheated the Arabs but incidentally they also cheated the Jews In their own states the victor ious nations didnt get what they expected A new world was to be csab lished a new world of equality It was to be a world in which there would be no harm A xvorld in which peace would rule Germany laid down its arms because of the 14 points The German people at that time were deceived in their hopes of a new organization of the world ;