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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 24, 1933, Mason City, Iowa J r UMfLOl E R ii I S M 6 A 31 Of iT Or fOW A S IO I 3 I A North Iowas Edited for the Home HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XXXIX FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED W1HE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 24 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SKCT1OI SECTION ONE NO 122 Must Solve Rail Issue New Administration Will Need to Rush Its Action By CHARLES P STEWAKT Centra Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON Feb 24 CEA rehabilitation is one of the first problems the Roosevelt ad ministration will have to solve The roads themselves are howling worse than the farmers for re lief Their creditors are half frantic with anxiety Railroad labor demands speedy Improvement in the conditions of unemploy ment and re duced pay More over i1 generally is agreed that lowe rates which few o the lines are able to give on the basis their present capitali sation nnd out JAPANESE WALK OUT ON LEACUE United Farmers of Iowa Organized NEW GROUP HAS FIRST MEETING AT IOWA FALLS Wirds Elected Chairman Cerro Gordo Man Is Treasurer By ARTHUR PICKFORB GlobeGazette Farm Editor IOWA FALLS Feb new organization of farmers has sprung ir a finifflfi Senator James Couzens ruptcy are standing obliga tions w i bh out immediate bank essential to busi up almost overnight Farmers of Iowa meeting Thursday Iowa Falls and had afternoon its in ness recovery and to agricultural recuperation Couzens Inquiry Investigation by Senator James Couzens of Michigan as senate In terstate Commerce committee chair man into the roads financial sta tus already has furnished a vast deal of information from which to draw conclusions Findings by the commission of which ExPresident Coolidge was head at the time of his death with Alfred BSmith Bernard M Ba ruch Clark Howell and Alexander Legge as his associates perhaps have not quite the same value con sidering that this inquiry was launched by the roads bondholders rather to protect them selves than jiit Live The theory and doctrine ot the organization is Do unto others as you would have them do unto cooperation conciliation and compromise those things which are fair just and equitable to al parties to the end that the free and independent homes of the United States may be saved Three major propositions of vital importance considered by the group aVir3tThat it is of immediate Im portance to prevent the further rum of the members of this organization resulting from the foreclosure ot shell dates back for the most part t chattej mortgages and the enforce ot landlorda llena by Which not leave the or labors rights out of account in suggesting reforms Present Observations Boiled down it ia evident 1 That the plight of the roads will improve somewhat with better times 2 That reorganization will enable them to regain a share of the prof its they have lost to the truck bus and private auto pipe lines and water transport 3 But that their great difficulty is inherent in their hopeless attempt to keep up dividends and pay off debts based on the supposition that they represent billions in Invest ments that never really went into them What makes the situation so hard to handle is that the looting of the national transportation s y a tern leaving it a mere hollow financial two or three generations Revaluation Difficult Obviously a revaluation of the lines if it could be accomplished would be the fairest method of ar riviug at a present day adjustment but the task ia so complicated that although it has been in progress for years it is scarcely farther on now Experts accordingly are in sub stantial agreement to cut rates to figures that the traffic can bear scale debts propotionately and let the shareholders take what is if anything All authorities concede that It will be precious little Who then will operate the roada It is difficult to arrive at any conclusion other than that Uncle Sam will have to make it his busi ness Naming of William H Woodin industrialist with a vast knowledge of railroads as secretary of the treasury tends to confirm the be lief that the government will be prepared to operate the railroads The nucleus developed in Hardln county but at the meeting there were delegations from 11 of the 14 counties near Hardln in which the movement has bad supporters Large Crowd Present The crowd was estimated vari ously at 700 to 1000 It completely filled the old Chevrolet garage building and it was somewhat of a surprise to the businessmen of the town Whats going on today said a runner to the clerk of the Woods hotel Some sort of a farmers meet ing was allhe knew about it The mainspring and originator seems to have been Judge J F Wirds who was later chosen to be the state chairman H B Root o Dows was named secretary and Martin Lqrentzenof Cerro Gordo treasurer These werechpsetjyfo a six months term as they expec the movement to spread and as its membership grows and its objects are more clearly defined and ac cepted a new set of officers may be necessary Farmers Paid in Scrip for Corn at Lake Stream of Wagons on Way to Town From All Sides CLEAR LAKE Feb steady stream of farmers unloaded their corn in the downtown district at the com day celebration here to day The corn was traded for scrip money good at Clear Lake stores The first load arrived in town hortly after 6 oclock long before he corn cribs had been set up and he influx of wagons and trucks continued throughout the forenoon Drive Long Way Seven farmers had corn weighed a and unloaded before 7 oclock one of the drivers coming 14 miles from near Swaledale Another farm er rose at oclock and drove nine miles with a team and wagon o avoid muddy roads later in the day He had his corn unloaded at AS CAMPAIGN STARTS IN JEHOL oclock The first money from the corn exchange bank was issued to Clark Bowlin at 8 oclock and by oclock 300 in scrip had been issued At 3 oclock 6200 bushels of corn had been paid for out of scrip and 2000 additional bushels had been weighed and money was being pre Purposes Are Listed The motto ia Live and Let HANDLED 22 TIMES CLEAR LAKE Feb first corn money issued by the Corn Exchange bank Friday morning to Clark Bowlin for his corn passed through the hands of 22 persons or firms by noon Bowin purchased a 25 cent package of corn flakes at Earl Ashlands grocery who In turn spent It at Knutsons hardware It then traveled from George Knutson to the Clear Lake cafe where Charles Gile bought it and spent it at Birds drug Bird traded it for groceries at Erick sons where Mrs Volstad re ceived it in change and spent it at the Family store with addi tional cash From Erioksons the money to Baileys variety store on to Butts grocery to P G and E to Arthur Johnson to Iversons grocery to Elks smoke shop to Stunkard market to Peterson drug to Lyle Stunkard to Floy Kennedy to Ashland grocery and to Arnold Moeller MAYOR CERMAK SINKINGCHANCE FOR LIFE SMALL Pulse Very Peculiar Doctors in Constant Attendance Facts About Jehol Drive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese troops Chinese troops Japanese high command Gen Nobuyoshi Muto commander m chief and Lt Gen Kuniaki Koiso chief of staff Headquarters Chang chun Manchuria Chinese commanders Marshal Chang HsiaoLiang reg ular headquarters Peiping Gen Tang YuLln Jehol state headquarters Jehol city or Various chiefs of volun teers Recent war scenes from the far east are recalled as the biggest military campaign of thoSlnoJnpunese outbreaks threatens the pro vince of Jeiiol in North China Topi Japanese moving along MIAMI Feb 24 strength drained by complications which fol lowed the bullet wound he received from the gun of Giuseppe Zangara the assassin Mayor Anton J Cer mak of Chicago tocay was given little chance to survive Physicians labored to bolster up le mayors exhausted vitality trough intravenous injections They were in constant attendance t the bedside Dr Frank Jirlta Cermaks aon nlaw said he had little chance to ve Mayor Trying Hard Jirka aaid the mayor is critically 11 His pulse is acting very pecu iarly showing he is making a des perate attempt to live Even while sleeping he is talk ng1 about the possibility of paying Chicago employes especially teach ers policemen and firemen PresidentElect Franklin D Roosevelt for whom Zangara in tended the bullet which struck Cer mak telegraphed his great concern and asked to be advised of th mayors condition Arrangements were made to Inform Mr Northern Japanese offensive Present Gen Masaye mon Sakamoto and Gen Chang HaiPeng Manchuria Fridays 40 miles southwest of Tungliao Ultimate ced apparently Jehol City 210 miles southwest of Kailu Chinese vol unteers Southern Japanese offensive Present leader Lt Gen Yoshi lichl Suzuki Base Chlnchow Manchuria Fridays objective Chaoyang 50 miles northwest of Chlnchow Ultimate objective Jehol City 30 miles southwest of Chaoyang Opposition Chinese regulars state and volunteer troops ASSEMBLY OKYS CONDEMNATION OFJAPANPOLICY Spokesman Does Not Say Nation Will Withdraw From League GENEVA Feb 24 without the Japanese delegation this afternoon the assembly oE the league of nations appointed an ad visory committee of 21 19 plus Canada and serve as an executive group in fur ther dealing with the SinoJapan ese dispute The Japanese delegation walked it of the assembly this morning tera report condemning Japan e policy in Manchuria had been lopted The advisory committee was au horized to Invite the United States nd Russia to concentrate on its ork It will report and make pro Shanhaikwan Inset General ChangHalFerigv Chinese commander of the Manchukuo troops In Jehol who Is said to bo the choice of the Jap anese government for governor ot the province AUNT HET By Robert Quillen I reckon Im like these moderns Lots o times I dont bow my head for prayer when its comin out o the radio mortgagors and tenants have in the past been completely divested of all means with which to make a living This may be done by authorized rep resentatives from this organization meeting with the parties in contro versy for the purpose of making just and equitable settlement If it ia im possible to arrive at such settle ments it may be done by the mem bers of this organization purchas ing enough of the chattel equipment at the foreclosure sale to permit Ejch a member to continue to make a living for himself and his family Second That there is urgent need for united action in working out a method whereby further foreclosure of farm mortgages may be prevent ed in order to preserve and rees tablish Individually owned homes to the end that once again the Am erican farmer may look forward to a free and independent life and horns in this great country Woutd Keceive Margin Such united action may be taken by the organization asking the mortgage companies and other mortgages to refrain from foreclos ing farm mortgages during this pe riod of depression and to accept as final settlement for Interest now due and accruing such earnings as shall be made on the farms after the mortgagor has had a conserva tive living for himself and his fam ily and has paid the taxes If such a settlement is not acceptable to the mortgagees and they persist in fore closing their mortgages the mem the mortgagor who has been fore closad against be permitted to stay on the farm at such rental as shall be deemed reasonable from time to time by the county board of direc tors of this organization If such mortgagees refuse to permit a for mer owner to remain on auch a farm or to consider the rental fixed by this organization as being just and equitable the members of thia organization may in a gentlemanly way refuse to aid in driving such former owner off of the farm which he improved Third That this organization in Turn to Fage 2 Column A pared to pay for it A total of 10000 bushels was expected before night Money enough to take care of all the corn was to be provided it was stated Spectators found considerable amusement In seeing the horses shy when the streetcar or band passed them on the street House Puts Off Action on Tax Reduction Bill Passes Two Salary Cut Acts as Senate Adopts Scrip Money Measure DES MOINES Feb 24 a session punctuated by sharp debate the Iowa house today passed two alary reduction bills affecting city wnship and county officers Statutory salaries of city and jwnship officers would be reduced rom 5 to per cent on salaries anging from to and Wagons Line Streets Teams and trucks lined both sides of the streets for several blocks at each of the elevators at which the corn is being weighed in the congestion in the vicinity of the elevators continued through out the day The committee from the Com mercial club sponsor of the cele bration was busy setting up more cribs for the large quantity of corn brought in The corn exchange was issued in 25 cent denominations and it was necessary that all of it be negotiat ed at once on Friday and Saturday although It will be in circulation for one month BOUND TO JURY IN LINDY CASE Allow Extortion Defendant Release Under Bond Each ROANOKE Va Feb 24 bers may in a united way ask that j Three young defendants charge with attempting to extort from Col Charles A Lindbergh b threats to harm his second so were bound over to the feder grand jury meeting on July 3 whe their cases were called this morn Ing before United States Commis sioner Charles D Fox In continuing the cases Commi sioner Fox allowed release of Jo Bryant 19 and Norman Harve 26 who have been held in jail sine their arrest after Bryant attempte to cash a planted chec under bonrl of each Harveys wife Elsie the thir defendant has been at liberty undi bond ver Salaries of county officers elec ve and appointive would be re uced on the same basis with the xception of the office of the aher f and his deputy whose present alaries would be retained The ouse yesterday passed a salary re uction measure affecting state of cers Adopt Scrip Bill Meanwhile the senate adopted vith only two dissenting votes the iylstra stamp money bill amended o make issuance of the scrip for loor relief by county boards of sup ervisors optional not mandatory under certain conditions as original y provided No scrip would be is sued after two years another amendment provided to allow a year for redemption The house concurred in these amendments and the measure was sent to the governor Both houses also concurred in a joint resolution for appointment of a committee nine to consider care of indigent paticnt3 at the Univer sity of Iowa hospital The resolution observed that an emergency ex ists with more than 5000 people on the hospitals waiting list House Defers Action The house deferred action on the BeattyBcnnett bill which would re quire a 25 per cent decrease in the millage levy from the figures of 1930 passed senate judiciary com mittee No 2s bill legalizing the third 1 cent of gasoline tax passed the Hicklin bill postponing until Dec 3 all delinqurXt tax sales The senate killed the Wenner bill to create a court of claims by a vote of 12 to 32 also killed Moore bill by invoking enacting clause requiring division of county into supervisor districts received in ex ecutive session Governor Herrings nominations of James McLaughlin of Preston and Dr I J Gottsch of Shenandoah to the fish and game commission The general assembly adjourned Turn In FRKC 1 Cnliimn 2 Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Cal Feb that list of new cab inet members sent everybody scurrying through Whos Who Worlds Almanac and the U S fingerprint department trying1 to find out who they were The forgotten man has been found and there was nine of em and a woman So we open March fourth with the unknown cabi net The rogues gallery photo graphs show us that three of em escaped from senate Thats like going to the old mans home to an athlete But I believe they are going to be all right they all got their reputations to make which ia better than feeling that they have one already made Yours WILL ROGERS Copyright 1833 McNnught Syndicate of the democratic national committee Pulse Slows Down A bulletin issued at p m by nhysicians said Mayor Cermak after a restful sleep seems temporarily much im proved The pulse is slower and full Pulso 120 temperature 99 respira tion 24 The bulletin as originally Issued said that the pulse was slow It Japanese Army Enters Kailu in Jehol Province was amended to read Dr Frank Jirka slower by ROOSEVELT AND FARLEY CONFER Talk Over Names of Men to Handle Tasks of New Administration HYDE PARK Feb 24 Se lection of men to man the new democratic ship of state occupied attention of Presidentelect Roose velt today in a meeting with James A Farley national party chairman at his home here Roosevelt reached Hyde Park with Farley shortly after noon after a motor trip from Albany While talking names with Far ley it was stated by the president elect he would have no announce ments to make before Monday morning at the earliest Roosevelt declined today to say whether he would ask the special senate session to consider the world court protocol and the St Lawrence waterways treaty now awaiting ratification Dr Karl Meyer Head of the Cook county hospital in Chicago one of the attending physicians aaid There still is hope Brother Visits Room When Joe Cermak left his broth ers room tears flowed from his eyes as he related the mayor say ing Im fighting Im doing the Dest 1 can A new injection of glucose solu tion was completed at oclock Ms afternoon and the physicians said they felt the mayor had been benefited Congestion of the lungs which set in following the heart weakness after the agony of colitis pains had largely disappeared the physicians said Made It Before State Senator Richcy V Graham of Illinois said after lie came out of the room one time that Mr Cer mak asked Do you think Im going to live Sure youve made it before and youll make it this time Graham said he answered The mayor brightened Well Ive got things in Chicago well on their way Graham quoted Cermak as saying during their po litical discussion Dr Jirka said after one visit to Mr Cermaks room I asked him If hed had a good Manchukuan Soldiers Sweep Through Town and Head for Jehol City TUNGLIAO Manchuria Feb 24 Manchukuoan forces of General Chiang HaiPeng entered Kailu northeastern gateway to Je hol province today after dispersing guerillas enroute They swept through the town and mached on toward the south west in the general direction of Jehol city At noon a Japanese column com manded by Major General Ken nosuke Mogi entered Kailu osala to the assembly whenever II hinks fit Declaration of War Wellington Koo China told the ssembly that the Japanese yester ay delivered an ultimatum to Nan iing which was a virtual declara ion of war as regards Intentions towards Jehol Actual warfare al ready exists un the eastern borders of Jehol he said He asked the assembly to take action against Japanese agresston in Jehol which he said was in prep aration for an attack on Tientsin and Peiping Siam alone mg ou the league rfegott voted Japan Will CoOperaJo The absentees were Cuba Salva dor Nicauragua Peru Bolivia Paraguay and Chile Yosuke Matsuoka head of the Japanese delegation told the as sembly however tnat Japan would cooperate with the league as far STARTS CAMPAIGN abstainedfrom I rfepott FortyV I i mi CHANGCHUN Manchuria Feb 24 has officially started its military campaign to annex the rich Chinese province of Jehol to the Japanesefostered state of Man chukuo The most powerful Japanese force massed in Manchuria since hostil ities with the Chinese began 17 months ago was beingpoured into eastern Jehol today along two routes about 150 miles apart A modernized Japanese army with tanks bombing planes and armored cars believed to total GOOOO is expected to raise the flag of the rising sun in Jehol City 01 Chengtefu the provincial capital In anywhere from a week to a month Opposing this army are 150000 poorly equipped Chinese under aev cral commanders A big Japanese force of cavalry infantry and artillery was directec against Chaoyang second larges city of Jehol and the shortest rout to the seat of the Chinese govern ment at Jehol City sleep The beat Ive had he quoted Mr Cermak as replying NANKING IS DAZED as circumstances permitted While the situation wns lefl somewhat confused ft was clear tluit for tlie present Japan has not withdrawn from the league Neither did M Matsuoka assert that Japan would withdraw from the league Hns Iteitchcd Limit In his final remarks to the as sembly he had said The Japanese government now finds itself compelled to conclude that Japan and other members of the league entertain different views on the manner In which peace In the far east is to be achieved and the Japanese government is obliged to feel that It has now readied the imlt of its endeavors to cooperate vith the league of nations in re gard to SInoJapanose differences The Japanese government will lowevcr make the utmost efforts or establishment of pence In the far cast and for maintenance and strengthening of cordial relations with other powers Will Continue Policy I need hardly add that the Japa nese government persists in its de sire to contribute to human welfare and will continue its policy of co operatingin all sincerity in the work dedicated to world peace When he had finished Mr Mal Kuoka and about 20 of his staff walked out Several subordinate members of the delegation re mained Anticipating approval of the Man churian report today by the league assembly the Japanese cabinet has already decided in favor of with drawal from membership in the league Embassy Receives Bomb LONDON Feb 24 Ja panese embassy received a bomb in the mail today It was turned over to the police NANKING China Feb 24 Chinas capital seemed dazed today by the news that the Japanese cam paign has begun The official Central Daily News Trim fo Tuff 1 Column t Mrs Thor Has Lucky Break Lands in Bed PHILADELPHIA Feb 24 Mrs Sophie Thor got a lucky falling from a second floor window while hanging out her wash She plunged 18 feet crashed through a skylight on a bed Her only injury was a cut on one arm BonbExplosions Usher in Cuban Independence Day Havana Uncertain If Revolutionary Move Is Under Way HAVANA Feb 24 se ries of bombings early this morning on the thirtyeighth anniversary of Cubas Independence was climaxed shortly before noon when a railroad orldgein Camaguey province was blown up with dynamite Meanwhile the capital was scan ning reports anxiously to determine whether a rumored revolutionary movement was taking form Mex ico City dispatches recently pre dieted that a movement of rebel rom the mainland toward Cuba would coincide with bombings in lavana Three of the bombs which ex ploded early today were large ones vhlle five others which were smaller caused several hundred per sons to desert the ballroom at the Ccntro Asturiano Reports from Camaguey and Santiago said those cities were quiet However unconfirmed ru mors said rebels were numerou around Cienfuegos and that a tens situation prevailed at Nuevitas Communications were interrupts east of this city Wea IOWA WEATHER Cloudy Friday night and Sat urday niln prolmhlfi except In northwest portlorl Saturday Slightly warmer In oust cen tral portion Friday night colli er Saturday and In northwest portion Friday night LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum Thursday fiS Minimum in Nisht 2T At 8 A M Friday 85 Thursdays maximum tempera ture was the highest of the month but the nights minimum was 2 de grees lower than on the previous night and there were indications Friday forenoon that the backbone of the February heat wave had been broken ;