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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 23, 1945, Mason City, Iowa t NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U INSIDE WASHINGTON Madame Bonnet Mokes Hit With Washington By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Washington Madame Henri Bonnet is one of the cleverest dip lomats who has ever landed on these receptive shores Mme Bon net has noofficial title She is merely the wife the lirst am bassador Treed France has sent to the United States With her hus band has been in this country only a lew weeks Yet already everywhere I go I hear pleasant stories about Mme Bonnet Mme Bonnet is so friend ly She is so gay So agree able Have you seen those ador able hats she makes Mme Bonnet stole the show in a 5minute impromptu talk the night her husband gave a speech to the Womens National Press club Mme Bonnet has such a beautiful figure How well she wears those now gowns the French courterieres are now turning out The other day I saw Madame Jn a portrait photograph She was lovely in a romantic black gown on the new wool substitute a French textile fibran As lovely as any professional model was Mme Bonnet And oh so clever advertising the struggling country her husband is hoping to restore to the company of trusted nations with the grace of her own per sonality Maybe Mme Bonnet will be as good an investment in Franco American good will as the God dess pf Liberty the French people put in New York harbor Just Had a Call from a know ing friend who says shes con fused by the whole vice presiden tial situation nowadays She says she never heard of Harry S Tru man as a vivid personality until he got to be vice president He was a senator and a good in vestigator She understood he had 3 committee named alter him But nobody ever told her he had a sense of humor or played the pi ano Now all she hears every where she goes is the latest about Harry Truman Politicians used to have a motto so my friend reminded me Make him vice president and bury him Now the motto mifht be changed to Make him vice president and him to life who ever heard much plowing be got to be vice president And now look at all the commotion hes making Vice presidents ought to be ro tated my friend thinks Give a re publican a chance at the job just lor 3 months or so Then maybe youd find out if he was enter tain g enough to be a safe candi date for president Dont Mean To Be Discourag but theres more than a chance that many of the soldiers will come we say slightly spoiled The young Aene ases had a lot of attention in their world wandering So much atten tion indeed that they have mar ried many of the most aggressive attention givers In England so Im reliably told Americans are marrying admiring English girls Many are the ro mances in all parts of the world in which race and color is no bar rier This involved situation ac cording to a young friend home on furlough is true of many Americans wherever they go In addition to the attraction of the American as a fresh and sometimes too fresh personality there are those pockets full of American dollars In England especialy the American soldier has so much more to spend than his English ally that almost any English girl will desert her countryman for a Yankee Let me get to the U S A somehow is the hope of hun dreds foreign women We hear its a womans paradise Heaven knows what shades of skin and cuts of jaw will come out of this war in the next genera tion The postwar world ought to be an ethnologists dream Cer tainly the strength and daring of the inhabitants of the wrong side of the often showed themselves the stuff heroes are made of The postwar aristocracy be made of stern stuff I hope itwill A dramatist could do a beauti ful postwar play and call it something like this The Wrong Side of the Tracks Moves Over Navy Ace Alex Vraclu Back in United States East Chicago Ind Lt JG Alex Vraciu is back in the United States awaiting spe cial assignment the parents of the fighting ace said Friday Vraciu who is credited official ly with shooting down 19 Jap planes telephoned Thursday night from San Diego Cal He is to re port for temporary duty at Wash ington D C Vracius fighter plane once was forced down by flak over Truk and again by mechanical difficulties near Peleliu He was shot down again over Luzon last December and led a band of Philippine guerr iillas against the Japs while await ing Gen Douglas MacArthurs in vading troops E MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Flve Cents a Coll IUASON cmr IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 231945 Piper Consists of Two Sec Oat Associated United Firas run Leased Wires unm NU HI NAZIS CLAIM YANK OFFENSIVE Marines Capture Fortress on Mt Suribachi BEAT BACK Votes to Declare ADVANCES IN COSTLY BATTLE Yanks Suffer 5372 Casualties in First Three Days of Fight V S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Guam ma rines reached the summit Mount Suribachi at the southern tip of Iwo Jima Friday and be gan a renewed drive on the cen tral air field after repulsing 2 Japanese counterattacks The stars and stripes were raised over the volcanic Suribachi fortress 87 hours after the inva sion began and marines began cleaning out Japanese still cling ing to the crater with flame throwers Little progress was made else where in the most costly fight in which the marines have ever been fight that cost 5372 American casualties including 644 dead in the first 3 days Japanese swimmers made a hopeless attempt to attack Ameri can forces on the western side of the island from the rear Thurs day night They were mopped up on the beaches Friday morning Carrier aircraft sweeping over the Bonin islands in protective sweeps to eliminate repeated en emy attacks on American ship ping assembled off Iwo shot down 3 Japanese planes Surmounting of Suribachi was the brightest spot in the entire Iwo campaign The leatherneckswon command of the 566 foot heitfirfromwWch the Japanese had down a deadly mortar and artillery fire on other marines spread out over the south 3rd of the embattled is land Its capture eliminated the threat to the rear of 3 devildog divisions attempting to drive north where the main strength of the enemy is dug in Adm Chester W NimitEcon densed the drama into this special communique The 28th regiment of the United States Marines was observed raising the United States flag on the summit of Mt Suri bachj on Iwo island at a m Friday The extinct volcanic cone had been encircled by the 4th marine division under Maj Gen Clifton B Gates Then for 28 hours the leathernecks clambered up the 45 degree cliffs despite grenades and demolition charges hurled down into their faces by the des perate defenders Before that Mt Suribachi was hammered steadily for more than a week by navaUguns and aerial bombs The defenders fought on until killed in their dugouts by marines advancing hole by hole and cave by cave with flame throwers grenades and rifles In his earlier communique Nim ifz reported strong Japanese counterattacks on both flanks of the American force feet or yards at a the southern fringe of Iwos cen tral airfield The main airdrome to the south already is in American hands One of the counterthrusts ap parently was repulsed but there was no report on the other on the American right flank By of ficial count 644 U S marines were killed 4168 wounded and 580 were missing up to 6 p m Wednesday This count covered the first 58 hours of the Iwo fight ing During the same period 1222 Japanese dead were counted No invasion of the Pacific war has been so costly for the Amer icans Even on Tarawa previous ly considered the bloodiest fight of the irar marine casualties slightly exceeded 3000 for the 72 hours required to kill every Jap anese on the island Nimitz latest communique add ed 276 American dead and 560 missing to the previous toll count ed up to p m Wednesday and the figure for the wounded was the same The earlier count was more in the nature ot a prelim inary estimate The northern battle line of the 3 U S marine divisions fighting on Iwo fringed the southern end of the central airfield which is on a plateau This is where the Japa nese launched 2 counterattacks Thursday with rifles and mortars but came under the withering fire of American artillery and naval guns War on Axis London announced Friday the Turkish assembly had voted unanimously to declare war on Germany and Japan as a re sult of a decision of the big 3 to qualify as associated nations all countries which take up arms against theaxis before March 1 The assembly also voted unan imously to adhere to the united nations declaration The disclosure that a declara tion of war was the price of a seat at the San Francisco conference on world security in April was made by the Turkish foreign minister He told the assembly that the British ambassador on Feb 20 had handed the ministry a memoran dum in which Turkey was in vited to the San Francisco con ference if the declaration of war was adopted The Turkish government reach ed the conclusion that acceptance of Great Britains request to de clare war would be entirely in keeping with our alliance and would serve the interests of the policy which we have unfalter ingly followed always and of which we have established many proofs and manifestations the foreign minister said The startling Turkish announce ment pictured Russia in the front against Japan The foreign minister said the British memorandum stated that in accordance with the decision taken by the 3 great allied lead ers those nationswill be qualified as associated nations by the side of the united nations who will have declared war on the axis powers before March 1 1945 The 3 at their Yalta meet ing held oof the same price foiva set at Sari Francisco to Egypt Iceland Chile Ecuador Paragnay Peru Uruguay and Venezuela the Ankara broadcast said Cairo dispatchesThursday said Egypt along with several other middle eastern countries might declare war All the South American coun tries named have entered their declarations of belligerencv cently Never Misses Hanover N H college has the longest record of consecutive graduations of any nsjllege or university in the na UorTEThe college has graduated classes every year since 1771 RUSSIANS MASS IN LONG ARC NEAR BERLIN Stalin Heralds End of War Stroke Against Capital BULLETIN Ldudon Marshal Stalin an nounced Friday that the red army had cleared Poznan big German base in Poland where a diehard garrison had held out since the Russians swept past it London troops having almost encircled fortress Guben in an 11mile smash through reinforced German lines Friday were reported massing along an arc 30 to 50 miles east and southeast of Berlin for an endthewar stroke triumphantly heralded by Premier Marshal Stalin Complete victory over the Ger mans now is near Stalin de clared Thursday night in a special order of the day which said the great Russian winter offensive had already cost Germans more than 1150000 killed or captured The Moscow radio early Friday followed up the Stalin order with a Germanlanguage broadcast de claring The zero hour has struck and added that dissolution of the German army in the east is in full swing It is up to the German people in the army and factories to stop the war the broadcast said Peace will not be negotiated with the y Stalin Thursday asserted tbTa1 soviet and allied armies have co ordinated their offensive opera tions and are successfully com pleting the rout of the German fascist army Final victory will come in hard battles and persistent labor he said warning that as the doomed enemy hurls his last forces into action he will grasp at the most extreme and base means of strug Yank Prisoners at Oflag 64 Stalag IHB Moved to Luckenwalde Washington govern ment said Friday that more than 1000 American prisoners of war in Germany had been moved westward from Oflag 65 and Stal ag 111B to Stalag 111A otLucken walde The announcement stated Other Americans from Oflag 64 and a large number of Ameri can prisoners of war from Stalag Luft IV are in the vicinity of Swinemund About one half of the Americans formerly detained at Stalag Luft III are enroute to Moosburg while the destination of the other half is reported to be Nurnberg A small number of American officers from Stalag Luft III were to Stalag IIIA at Luckenwalde Pending notification to the contrary relatives and friends are urged to continue to address mail to individual prisoners of war to their last known ad dresses SUPEKFOKT RAID A single B29 raided the vi cinity of Osaka Friday and dropped a small number of bombs Tokyo radio said in a broadcast recorded by the FCC There was no mention of any damage Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday night with no decided change in tem perature Lowest about 5 above Iowa Fair Friday night with no decided change in temperature Saturday partly cloudy and slightly warmer Minnesota Generally fair Friday and Saturday except becoming cloudy with occasional light snow extreme north portion Friday and north portions Sat urday Slowly rising tempera ture colder extreme fiorth por tion Saturday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 27 Minimum Thursday 6 At 8 a m Friday 6 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 20 Stalins proclamation commem orating the 27th anniversary of the red army said the Russians had killed 800000 Germans and captured 350000 since Jan 12 He said the Germans had lost 3000 planes 4500 tanks and selfpro pelled guns and 12000 other euns during that time The Berlin radio said that a final allout soviet offensive was imminent now that Marshal Ivan S Konevs first Ukraine army has drawn up beside Marshal Greg ory K Zhukovs first White Rus sian army on a battle line along the Neisse and Oder rivers Berlin said Zhukovs army was massed like a colossus await ing new attack orders Konevs forces Thursday cap tured 60 localities southof Guben and reached the Neisse river at many points along a winding 40 inile front Moscowdeclared Thursdays greatest advance of 11 miles through fortified forests toppled Schenkendorf 2 miles south of Guben Konev units had reached the Neisse 8 miles north of Guben the day before The soviet bulletin said 2000 Germans were annihilated in a battle southeast of Guben Ger man broadcasts partially con firmed by Moscow reports said the Russians already had crossed the Neisse and were completing the encirclement of Guben Soviet troops also drove to within 12 miles of Cottbus rail hub on the Spree river last natural defense line before Ber lin and with the capture of YANKS CLEAN OUT JAPS ON CORREGIDORAmerian auo matic weapons dear out suicide squads of Japanese in shell holes and caves on Corregi auto wipe them out AP wirephoto dtrapped alound his and it took all afternoon to Yanks Take Capul Island to Clear Manila Shipping Lane Seize Hotel Post Off ice clearing the shipping lane from United States to wartorn Manila General Douglas MaeArthur announcing the Yank landing on Capul Wednesday said those Yanks of the American eighth army encountered only light op position The island lies in San Bernardino strait between Luzon and occuried Samar island Capul is a controlling point in in the straits through which units of the imperial Japanese navy steamed in an attempt to smash the American Leyte beachhead last October It lies 260 air miles from Ma Philippirie invasion aimed at Strega were also north ofForst only 5 miles The Russians captured another section of the big military auto bahn superhighway leading from Silesia into Berlin by taking Triebel HVi miles southeast of Forst Other units of Konevs army made new gains farther south in the wedge driving offensive be tween Berlin and Dresden cap ital of Saxony Marshal K K Rokossovskys 2nd White Russian army striking oat for Danzig gained up to 5 miles Thursday on a 45mile front stretching as far west as the Dan zigBerlin raiiway Four more suburbs of besieged and encircled Breslau capital of Lower Silesia fell to the Rus sians Thursday Th midnight communique said Russian shock troops had smashed a break in the wall surrounding the citai nila where other Yank fighters are locked in a fierce battle against a bitterly resisting Japa nese garrison From the shattered southern portion of the capital AP Wai Correspondent Fred Hampson re ported 37th division infantrymen Manila hotel the city hall and all of the general post office except the basement The hotel was won He said after a roomtoroom and cor ridortostaircase fight through the succeeding floors The post office was no less difficult The 3 story city hall near the fntrarnuros where the Japanese are making a fortified last stand was won after the Yanks had withdrawn from the building 4 limes in the of machincgun fire The first cavalry pounded with howitzers and cannon at the heavy walls of the Intramuros to pre pare tunneled paths for its tanks Simultaneously the llth air borne division advanced along the west coast of 30 mile Laguna de Bay southeast of Manila to cut off the retreat of trapped Japa nese by barge The Yanks reached the town of Muntinlupa Meanwhile the extermination of Japanese marines holed up on the fortress Corregidor in the mouth of Manila bay went on The Z4th infantry and 503rd para troops division poured liquid fire and hurled explosives at the sur viving enemy in isolated caves and tunnels To the north of the great central Luzon American 14th corps captured or destroyed vast stores of enemy materiel and supplies The equip ment included 712 artillery pfeces of all caliber and 705 machine guns The lirst corps Yanks gained high ground cast of Sison in the Caraballo mountains in their drive to push the Japanese into north east Luzon Air activity was brisk Heavy Liberators ranged out on their daily strike at Formosa and ship ping off the China coast Five freighters were sunk TURNABOUT Salt Lake City waitress c i del n Poznan Polish fortress j told police a customer instead of ringed by Russian troops far j leaving a tip i behind the front lines HOUSE SEN ATE GALL RECESS Senate Refers Calendar to Sifting Committee Des Moines referring 140 bills on its calendar to the sifting committee the Iowa sen ate adjourned Friday for its spring recess Itwill reconvene at 2 p m Monday March 5 The motion to refer the calendar to sifting committee was made by Senator G R Hill RCIarion and immediately brought the ob jection of Senator Carl O Sjulin Do you think its fit and prop er to dump this calendar that weve been working on almost 2 months1 Sjulin asked The calendar has got to the point that we wouldnt be able to finish it it we stayed here until July 1 Hill replied If we are going to accomplish anything this session it seems to me this is the time to start The sifting committee now will sort ail pending bills and decide in what position they should ap pear on the calendar Des Moines de parting Friday for its usual spring recess the Iowa house passed 6 bills including one which would allow the useof public equipment on private property for soil con servation purposes The house sent the conservation bill to the senate by a vote of 61 to 34 after considerable debate on the extent to which the public equipment would be used on farm land in addition to property ad joining roadways Proponents stressed soil erosion prevention benefits to be derived under the measure spoke of the valuable farm soil washed away in the floods last spring and said firm measures must be taken to pro tect Iowas farm land Believe American Airlines Plane Crashed in Virginia Mountains Bristol Va American Airlines plane with 19 passengers and a crew of 3 aboard was be lieved to have crashed Frjday in the vicinity of snowcovered White Top mountain a 5800 foot peak 12 miles north of here The Virginia state patrol office at Bristol said persons at Chil howie 34 miles north of here had reported hearing a plane at a m CWT Theplane was en her pocket of I route from New York toLos An 1 geles Yanks Blast 20 German Rail Targets London freight yards and other rail were blasted Friday by 1900 American planes continuing the gigantic of fensive to knock out the German transport system that feeds both the eastern and western fronts A force of more than 1250 Fort resses and Liberators and 650 fighters followed the same pat tern as Thursdays assault and spread out in small formations to smash at widespread targets from the relatively low altitudes ot 6000 to 12000 feet There was every indication that this operation was only part of a freeforall attack by all 7 al lied air commands in this theater and Italy which probably were putting 5000 planes into the air following Thursdays blow by 7000 bombers and fighters It was the llth day of ruinous attacks on Germany from both west and south in which 20000 planes probably have been thrown against the reich in the last 3 days Morethan 1100 aircraft from Italy joined in the attack Thurs day hitting 54 separate rail tar gets in Germany Austria and Italy and the RAF kept the offen sive going Thursday night with Mosquito bombers hitting Berlin and other objectives Eight air force targets Friday were located in a triangular area stretching from Leipzig tosouth of Nuernberg Among the first places identi fied as targets were Crailsheim Kitzingen southeast of Wurzbuvg Ansbach Neumarket and Treucht lingen all junctions through which German troops and supplies pass on the way to the Russian front About 10000 sorties were flown by dusk Thursday probablyex ceeding the size of the attacks when 13000 sorties were flown in a full 24 hours on Dday American British and French tactical medium and fighter on the continent flew more than 3300 sorties with some planes making 2 or 3 missions and racing up anc down of miles of rail roads These tactical outfits claimec the destruction of 290 locomotives 841 freight cars 300 motor ve hicles and 65 bridges Rail tracks were cut temporarily at 279 places at least Allied losses excluding those ol the 15th air force in Italy totalec 8 American heavy bombers 5 American medium bombers 2 light bombers and 40 fighters Losses among Italianbased planes were overall tola of 97 The destruction of 50 locomo tives and 50 cars was claimed by the 15th air force with almos every rail line leading into and out of Munich hit FLYNN RECEIVED Moscow J Flynn friend ot President Roosevelt who has been visiting the soviet union for several days was receivec Friday by Alexei patriarch o Moscow and all the Russias for the Russian Orthodox church REPORT ARMIES PUSH 2 MILES EAST OF ROER Say Americans Cross River to Establish 3 Main Bridgeheads Paris broadcasts said Friday that Gen Eisenhower lad started his grand scale of ensive toward the Ruhr and Co ogne had bridged the Roer river at several places and advanced 2 niles east Sc the river in shatter ng power with tanks artillery and nfantry Supreme headquarters main ained complete silence on any lew attack The Germans said the ig push had been preceded by a 3hour artillery barrage by thou sands of guns The enemy said the attack was on a 35mile front all the wayfrom Roerrnond to Dueren and was mounted by the American 9th and first armies The Germans said the main bridgeheads were at these points 1 Birkendorf a suburb of ruin ed Dueren about a mile north of hecity proper This was said to be the largest bridgehead arid the enemy said Lt Gen William H Simpsons 9th army shock troops lad turned south and penetrated the outskirts of Dueren Birken dorf is 21 miles southwest of Co logne 2 Gevenich 2 miles east of the Roar and northeast of Linnich The town is 26 miles west of Co logne and 13 from the Ruhr rail and industrial center of Muchen Gladbach 3 At Selgersdorf 3 miles south east of Juelich and 22 miles south west of Cologne Both south and north of the Hoer sector the American third and Canadian first armies made gains SHU farther southv the seventh within a mile and a halfofctEe Saar capital of Saarbruecfcen and won twothirds of Forbach Lt Gen George third army advanced up to miles in the Mosellevalley and to within miles of ancient Trier pop keystone of German defenses before the middle Rhine The third army forced a third crossing of the Saar river north west of Saarburg and started fighting in the Siegfried line which lies just east of the Saar river In the Pruem sector the columns squeezing the German salient east of Luxembourg moved to within g miles of a junction Town after town fell Canadian first army gains on the north flank of the Roer river front were up to a mile and a half The fortified road bastion of Cal car slowly was being invested Scot vanguards pushed a half mile down the GochWeeze road Canadians fanned out to the north and moved a mile and a half to ward the subsiding Rhine Weather worsened slowing the pace of the aerial onslaught which Thursday gave the Germans their most widespread aerial bombard ment of the war At Linnich pop the al lies were miles from the heart of Muenchen Gladbach Ruhr industrial and raii center Linnich and its sister fortress cit ies of Dueren and Juelich on the Roer were but piles of red brick as the result of months of allied artillery and air bombardments At Dueren pop the U S ninth army was 20 miles from Cologne The allies moved up to its western edge last December Between Linnich and Dueren the Germans have built 3 earthen de fense lines The whole Roer river sector is beyond the Siegfried line which has been breached totally by 35 miles in the Aachen area The Americans established sev eral small bridgeheads across the Roer between Linnich and Juelich 6 miles Berlin assert ed heroically fighting Germans have succeeded in sealing off the bridgeheads and frustrated the bringing up of fresh enemy rein forcements The allied grand scale offen sive which began Friday morning will probably be the signal lor re sumption of the Russian offensive The German command has reckon ed with such a coordinated syn chronized attack Along the Roer which the Ger mans flooded through dams at the headwaters the British second American ninth and first armies have been standing in mighty strength for weeks The Roer has been subsiding and the current Thursday was reported only from 3 to 5 miles an hour sufficiently slow for engineers to bridge it Linnich is 55 miles south of Goch center of the Canadian of fensive which has attracted 10 first rate German divisions This with reported large scale with drawals from the western to the Russian front has considerably thinned German lines The German radio said Field ;