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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 22, 1955, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LXI AwocUted Preu and United Preu Full Seven Cenu a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 22 W5 Taper Consists oi Two No Ill Congress Gets Billion Road Plan Iowa Senate Debates First Major Money Bill Border Counties Fight Sales Tax Increases DES MOINES Senate debated spiritedly Tues day a bill to increase the Iowa salesfand use tax to three pe cent but at 3 there still was no final vote The bill would exempt certain foods from the sales tax The tax now is two per cent An amendment by Sen Charles V Van Eaton RSioux City t exempt all foods except candy and restaurant meals from the sale tax was voted down 3314 Another amendment which would have left the use tax on automo biles and accessories at two per cent also was voted down 2422 This amendment was proposed b Sen DeVere Watson RCounc Sen J G Lucas RMadrid chairman of the Ways and Mean Committee which brought out thi bill said it was written as a tern porary twoyear proposition be cause it is contemplated a stud committee will be set up to go over the entire Iowa tax structure Lucas said the present bill would produce about 17 million dollars a year in new revenue for the state general fund and about 3 million for the state road use tax fund The additional revenue Lu cas said would wipe out Iowas present nine million dollar a year deficit It also would leave six to eight million dollars a year to be divided among various state agen cies Property Tax Lucas said that if this bill and other proposed tax measures are defeated the state will have to go back to a property tax The prop erty tax power is vested in the stat comptroller to be exercised when needed revenue is not pro duced by other sources Lucas aiso argued that the in crease to three per cent would be better than a two per cent levy on services as proposed by the governor If we enact a service Lucas said every time the tax payer turns around he will be hi by a new tax equally as aggravat ing as the present sales As expected opposition to the sales tax boost came from sena tors in border counties Sens J T Dykhouse RRock Rapids said the state should de termine first how much money it needs and then decide how to raise the money We only need to take a look along the border counties of Minnesota to see the towns the Iowa sales tax has built he said This bill will drive even more business away from Nebraska to Benefit Van Eaton told of meeting Gov Victor Anderson of Nebraska Mon day in Indiana He quoted Ander son as saying he hoped Iowa would raise its sales tax because it would drive millions of dollars of business to Van Eaton said if Iowa must pass such a bill he thought all food and prescription medicines should be exempt He said some low income families in Iowa now spend as much as 70 per cent of their income for food and medi cine The debate recessed after Sen Jack Schroeder R Davenport moved to defer any final vote un til April 5 This motion lost 3613 About The Weather Mason City Somewhat warmer Iowa Partly cloudy warmer Five Day Iowa Temperatures Wednesday through Sunday will average 3 to 8 degrees below normal Normal highs 35 north to 43 south normal lows 15 north to 21 south Colder Wednesday and Thursday and continued cold through weekend Precipitation will average onefourth inch north to onehalf inch extreme south in snow about Thursday and Sunday and in west portion Wednesday Minnesota Turning colder Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Tues day Maximum 24 Minimum 3 At 8 3 VEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 19 State Gets 11 of 841 Awards on Freedom Contributed to U S Way of Life VALLEY FORGE Pa doms Foundation Tuesday an nounced its citations including 11 in Iowa for outstanding contribu tions during 1954 to a better un derstanding of the American way of A total of 841 awards were an nounced by the Foundation at spe cial George Washingtons birthday ceremonies at Valley Forge Evan gelist Billy Graham topped the list Most of the awards will be pre sented at regional ceremonies in various parts of the country later this year All told the Foundation will pay to 1954 award win ners besides honoring 191 high schools Iowa Winners Award winners from Iowa in elude Des Moines Iowa Farm Bureau Federation George Washington Honor Medal Award in community program category Dubuque Farley and Loetscher Manufacturing Honor Certifi cate Award for company employe aublication The R J Sullivan Farley and Loetscher Mfg Honor Certificate Award as editor of The Fairfield Parsons College leorge Washington Honor Medal Award for college campus pro gram Keokuk The Hubinger Hon or Certificate Award for company employe publication The Ker Myron Rogers the Hubinger Company Honor Certificate Award as editor of The Second Place Marshalltown Paul G Norris Second Place Award for edi orial Dec 15 Deserves Wider lecognition in History in Times Republican and George Wash ington Honor Medal Oelwein Chamber of Commerce George Washington Honor Medal Award in community program category Sheldon Marjorie Voytilla Sec md Place Award for youth public ddress and George Washing on Honor Medal Sioux City Eldon Fletcher Sioux Sty Journal Second Place Award or cartoon Without Effort It rows and George Washington Honor Medal Washington Washington County ommunity Council George Wash ngton Honor Medal Award for ommunity program HEALER LOVES MAMBO BUENOS AIRES UP Police ailed a healer Monday who un ertook to cure liver ailments at a treatment by making her atients dance the mambo LIT BY ATOMIC sky behind the Los Angeles City Hall glows with the light from Tuesdays atomic explosion on the Nevada Proving grounds some 275 miles away The mediumasizecUieyice the predawn sky to appear bright orange ABomb Flash Visible in Los Angeles LAS VEGAS Nev MWThc sec ond shot of the 1955 atomic tesi series was fired at Tues day The flash lighted up the desert and was plainly visible in Las Vegas 75 miles to the soulheas and in Los Angeles 275 airline miles to the southwest Orange Flash It was seen as an orange flash this time rather than as a bril liant white as many of the previou detonations have been The shot was detonated from the top of a 300foot tower on Yucca Flat It had been classed as a mediumsize device perhaps slightly larger than the small air drop which opened the series last week Buildings Rattled The blast however was strong enough to rattle buildings in Las Vegas about seven minutes later no initial report oJ U S List of Admitted Liars Grows Longer WASHINGTON gov rnment had its hands full of ad mitted liars Tuesday on this 223rd nniversary of the great American who could not Of immediate concern were three urnabout government witnesses Harvey Matusow Mrs Marie Nat ig and Lowell Watson All have onfessed to bearing false witness Communist investigations or rials The Justice Department an ounced late Monday that it had rdered a grand jury investigation f testimony given by Mrs Nat ig a 51yearold grandmother rom Miami Beach who last fal inked publisherbroadcaster Ed ard 0 Lamb with Communist ctivity Mrs Natvig repudiated her worn statements two weeks ago nd said only an idiot woulc ave believed her earlier story Matusow who is compiling his elfconfessed lies in a book said once was a Communist but has eft the party Watson a Kansas dairy farmer rhom the FCC called as a witness gainst Lamb and now wishes il adnt also stuck by his story that is a reformed He re udiated almost everything else ncluding testimony that Lamb was contributor to Communist causes the 1930s HONOR THY 01 WASHINGTON M President isenhower has proclaimed Satur ay May 21 as Armed Forces ay House Senate Hear First Presidents Famed Speech WASHINGTON House nd Senate celebrated George Vashingtons birthday Tueday by earing a reading of the first dents most famous political testa farewell address The address which never was elivered orally to the public or the ongress was read in the Senate y Sen Prescott Bush RConn nd in the House by Rep William C Cramer The reading took less than an hour Former Rep John W Flan nagan DVa once raced through it in 31 minutes j In his address Washington warned against this country be coming too involved in foreign af fairs and against the machinations of political parties which he said could have baneful effects on the operations of the American government The address was written by President Washington in 1796 as he was nearing the end of his sec ond term in the presidency and was contemplating retirement at Mount Vernon his Virginia plan tation FIREBALL AP Wircphoto This is how the fire ball looked from Angels Peak on ML Charleston near Las Vegas The ball of fire appeared over the mountain range at a m Iowa time as the device was dropped from a 300foot tower Invasion Scare Hits Formosa TAIPEI Formosa WVWhat ap pears to have been a routine Communist training exercise raised fears here Tuesday that Red China was about to invade tiny Nanchishan About noon official Chinese Nationalist reports said Com munist war vessels were head ing toward Nanchishan and Na tionalist warships and planes were rushing to engage them But there was no attack and no clash between Nationalists and Communists Later reports said the Red con voy apparently had no immedi ate designs on Nanchishan Pres ident Chiang Kaisheks northern most offshore outpost It ap peared the Red vessels diverted their course to mainland har bors Official quarters said the Red maneuver might have been a training exercise SAME DATE195477 There was damage In trenches miles from the ase of the tower were 200 Army Air Force and Navy personnel get ting a baptismal indoctrination of he nuclear fission Bangkok Set for SEATO Meeting BANGKOK Thailand WVBang cok wants to make a good impres ion on delegates assembling here ror the SEATO conference this veek A radio truck lumbered down he street with loudspeaker boom ng Thieves Pickpockets lease stay inside this week be ause of the SEATO Later came another truck an nouncing No naked children al owed on the streets this Report Small Loss in City Breakin A pint of whiskey and a box con aining or were stolen from he Berry Machine Shop 118 Dcla varc late Monday police re ported Tuesday Officers said cn rancc was gained through a rear door by prying and breaking the door window glass Desk drawers vere found rifled The brnakin was discovered by a patrolman shortly after midnight Tuesday i House OKs Bill to Meet Every Year Speed Limits Also Offered DES MOINES Iowa House Tuesday approved 968 proposed constitutional amendment calling for an annual session oi the Iowa Legislature The proposal would set a finan cial session in evennumbered years and a regular session in odd numbered years The length would continue the same as days Rep Mahlon Brown RWhnt Cheer led proponents of the meas ure He said if budgets and ap propriations were set up on an annual basis they would be more He said our work load is necessarily becoming heavier and more time should be devoted to If approved by this session of the Legislature the proposed amend ment would have to be approved also by the next session and by a vote of the people in 1958 before it would take effect Speed Limit The safety and law enforcement committee offered a bill to estab ish a daytime speed limit of 65 miles an hour and a nighttime limit of 55 Chairman Rep Chester A Scheerer RBoone said the bill was reported for passage by a substantial Rep Raymond T Pirn RLucas introduced the bill setting a oounds per load limit on explosive laulers He said the bill was writ ten for greater highway Pirn also was studying a resolu tion to set up a nineman road study committee that would report by Dec 15 1956 on longrange road financing and construction Pirn asked continuing study or a wellbalanced road program in The House Military and Veterans Affairs Committee recommended passage of a hill calling for pay ment of a bonus to veterans of the Korean War Servicemen serving during the period June 27 1950 to July 27 1953 would receive for each month of stateside duty and for overseas duty Property Tax The Senate Monday passed 443 bill to divorce the Iowa Farm iureau from county extension pro grams and provide a property tax evy of a halfmill to make up the lost Farm Bureau revenue A similar bill was reported out or passage by the House Agricul ure Committee The House Safety and Law En orcement Committee refused to recommend a bill setting the pen Ity for contributing to the delin quency of a minor at one year in prison or fine The current aw calls for up to 30 days in jail and a fine WINS BACKINGEnergctic Ed gar Faure won the support of his own Radical Socialist Party and the powerful Gaullists Tues day virtually assuring his ap proval Wednesday by the Na tional Assembly as Frances 21st postwar premier Both the Radi cal Socialists and the flaullist Social Republicans voted to join the cabinet he is forming to re place that of ousted Premier Pierre McndesFrance and end the political crisis which has dragged on for 18 days Cut in Income Taxes Goes to House Floor Halleck Wants Ike to Use Veto WASHINGTON House Ways and Means Committee voted 1G9 Tuesday to send to the House floor a bitterly dis puted bill to cut income taxes starting next Jan 1 The final committee action rat ified a decision Monday to wrap the income tux cut into an Eis enhower administration proposal to postpone almost three billion dollars in excise and corporation tax cuts now set for April 1 All 15 committee Democrats and 1 Republican Rep Baker supported the combined bill Nine Republicans opposed it Rep Halleck RInd said ear lier he would advise President Eisenhower to veto it if it passes in its present form Halleck assistant House Re publican leader predicted how ever Republicans would defeat the taxcutting proposal in a House floor scrap now set for Thursday Democratic sponsors of the move and some other key Repub licans differed They said they saw little chance that House members after voting earlier for a pay hike for themselves would kill a lax cut affecting every taxpayer Whatever happens in the House trouble loomed in the Senate for any lax cut move Chairman Byrd UVa of the Finance Committee renewed his opposition to tax reductions until the budget is balanced Sen George senior member of the committee termed the House move unwise and un ATTENDS CEREMONYPopc Pius XII nht with Celso Cardinal Constantini at the throne of the Apostolic Palace in Rome Tuesday as he attended his first ceremony since his grave illness year Although somewhat thin the Pope appeared well and hearty Keed of Program Outlined Would Cut Annual Toll WASHINGTON UP P r c s ident Eisenhower asking Congress to ap prove his 101billiondollar highway program said Tuesday the country must have a road network permit ting people to moveout of target areas quickly in case of atomic at tack In an special message the President cited the danger of deadly congestion during atomic warfare as one of four reasons for action comprehensive and quick and forwardlooking for highway improvement He also said 1 Better highways would save lives reducing the annual toll of killed and more than a mil lion injured Eisenhower said economic loss from accidents is es timated at a year Cost of Goods 2 Poor roads add to the cost of operating vehicles over much as one cent a mile per ve hicle for a total yearly cost of five billion dollars He said the higher road transportation costs are re flected in the cost of goods and are paid ultimately by the individ ual consumer 3 The country is growing ano as population and national output increase highway development and improvement must be increased Unless this is done Eisenhower said existing traffic jams only faintly foreshadow those of Itt years The Eisenhower program as set out in the message followed the general lines of a report drafted last month by an advisory commit tee headed by Gen Lucius D Clay However the President passed over lightly two of the most highly controversial features of the re port In advance for the submission of Lhe message Senate Democratic leaders had declared their opposi tion to a number of key features of the Clay report These included 1 A plan for a 30year bond is sue to be financed by a federal highway corporation that would fi nance a planned mile inter state highway network with a total interest cost of lite billion dollars 2 A plan to reimburse states for money spent on building toll roads that became part of the interstate network Special Issues On the bond issue Eisenhower said I am inclined to the view that t is sounder to finance this pro gram by special bond issues rather than by an increase in gen eral revenue He said he thought these bonds should be aid off through increasing reve nues from present gas and diesel oil taxes augmented in limited in stances with That was the Presidents only reference to toll roads Eisenhower also said A sound federal highway program I be lieve can and should stand on its own feet with highway users pro viding the total dollars necessary for improvement and new con Under the Eisenhower program the federal government would pay about 31i billion dollars of the con templated 101 billions of expendi tures List of Needs Eisenhower listed the prelimi nary 10year totals of needs as the following Interstate network joining 90 pec cent of all cities over pop billion dollars Primary system connecting all principal cities and manufacturing billions Secondary system including farmtomarket billions Other streets and roads including urban feeder billions Of this sum the federal govern ment would put up 25 billions for the interstate system 5i billions or primary and secondary roads 750 million for urban streets and 225 million for national forest high ways The apparent discrepancy ween the proposed federal govern ments 25 billion expenditure for he interstate network and the fig ire of 23 billions for work cost is a bookkeeping matter ;