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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 22, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OF COUP NORTH IOWA DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND DCS MOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS rrrrm OL U Associated Press aind United Press Full Leased Vint Five Cecta a Copjrt MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 22 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 117 NSIDE VASHINCTON Draft LendLeose Acts Up to Current Congress Central Press Capital far congress las devoted the present session to wo legislation ind the nomination of former Vice President Henry A Wallace to be secretary of commerce lot ol other business will be Aiming along The senate and house will have to consider in the next few months bills extending the main features of the selective service act the lend lease act and price and wage control laws Major provisions of the selective service act empire May 15 and the lend lease and price and wage control acts expire June 30 Bills appropriating additional billions to carry on the war arid to maintain the different govern ment agencies will be coming up lor action President Roosevelt has not yet submitted his expanded social se curity program or recommenda tions for compulsory postwar military training or for reducing the gold reserve requirements of the federal reserve banks These things were promised in his State of the Union and budget message to congress Pending is a bill sponsored by several democratic senators to carry out the projected Wallace 7000 PLANES BLAST GERMANY Yanks Smash Jap Counterattacks on Iwo Jima CASUALTIES IIP Konev Forces Battle to Join ufwunuiiLv ui i rn t CM rnn Units at River Junction lU 4330 r UK Zhukov Fights for Frankfurt 3 DAY BATTLE program for ployment full postwar em the proposed world security organization is worked out in a fulldress United Nations confer ence following the Big Three meeting the senate and perhaps the house will have to pass on treatie or legislation putting it into e ect Thr possibility of use action would be if leg isla on itself becomes necessary the senate is guarding zeal ously its constitutional monopoly on treaty ratification The Projected Defense of Ber lin against the surging red tide of the soviet armies is generally felt to be tile decision of Adolf Hitler himself and not the German high command Although the junker military caste was reputed to be in the saddle on the eastern front after Hitlers intuition got the nazis into t r o u b 1 e Washington military Washington military sources feel aking the final wh3ch ill crash Germany doivn to ulS iate arid utter defeat One main reason is that the jerman high all dis iples of the famed military strat gist von Clause witz would never nave edged the nazistoward their present unsurmpuhtable difficul ties in there were any way out Masters oJt retreat military im pro visions and delay the i linkers could conceivably have staved off the Russians for many months Buc Hitlers plan produced a rout In the second place Hitler Propaganda Minister Josef Goeb bels Hermann Goering and their henchmen are determined to go down in a blaze of Wagnerian drama a bloodytwilight of the gods snatched from the pages of Teutonic mythology the shades of Siegfried the Valkyries and Wotan are descend ing over Berlin and Hitler appar ently is satisfied that if the end must come it must come in this His oitrepeated utterance that Germany either would win or vanish as a nation appears no longer to have been in the mere a psycopaths tongue Parenthetically some observers are wondering whether the Ger man people and their intoxicating heritage of legendary warriors Jap Planes Attack Naval Units in Vicinity of Island V S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Guam Via Navy Ra States fleet units in the vicinity ofIwo Jima have received some damage from at tacks by Japanese fighters and bombers Japanese counterat tacks have been beaten back and U S marine casualties have risen to 4553 in the desperate battle for the island Admiral Chester W Nimitz announced Thursday The attach by Japanese planes was the first against thesurface units since the battle for the island 750 miles south of Tokyo began Seven of the enemy planes were shot down NimiU did not elabor ate on the extent of damage or the type of ships hit The casualties include 385 killed anjl 4168 wounded in action up to p m Wednesday night Japanese counterattacks ac companied by numerous attempts at infiltration of our lines were beaten back during the night and the leathernecks strengthened by the TJ S 3rd marine division whichlanded Wednesday launch ed attacks both to the north and south against the divided forces of the enemy The northward drive toward the central Iwo airfield met heavy resistance from small arms mor tars and automatic weapons At noon the troops advancing slowly thrtragh rain had knocked out numerous enemy gun posi tions and generally weakened en emy y There Was little change in front line positions Nimitz communi que admitted hlowever Forces facing Mt Suribachi volcanic Japanese fortress on the co the northern troops and by noon were beginning an assault on the face of the cliff under most difficult combat conditions Heavy naval gunfire continued to pound enemy held positions throughout the northern part of the island and fleet aircraft sup ported ground forces with heavy bombing strafing and rocket at tacks The veteran 3rd division landed on Iwo at a critical hour bolster ing 2 other hardpressed divisions with veterans of the invasions of Bougainville and GuamMaj Gen Graves B Erskine commands the force The commitment of 3 marine divisions in the 4dayoId Iwo invasion meant as many as 45000 London Russian first Ukraine army having bypassed the German strongpoint of Guben 51 miles southeast of Greater Ber lin fought Thursday for a solid link with the first White Russian army at the confluence of the Oder and Neisse rivers While the Russians scored new gains southeast of the German capital other soviet troops werei forced to give some ground in East Prussia in the lace of heavy Ger man counterblows west of Koenigsberg The Berlin radio said a surprise nazi counteroffensive bad rees tablished a corridor between Koenissberr and the port of Pll lau 20 miles south The Russians acknowledged some German ad vances in that sector but said the drive was costing the Germans enormously in men and equip ment Moscow announced soviet forces had seized a strategic ridge posi tion in the forest on the eastern approaches to Guben taking more than 50 populated places north and south of the immediate sec tor Further north Marshal G K Zhukovs first White Russian army units were reported attempting to complete the encirclement of Frankfurt The German radio an nounced Zhukov had slashed com munications between Berlin and that city on the west bank ol the Oder 38 miles from the German capital but said they had been restored Pravda said the Russian army PATTONSTORMS ACROSS SAAR HEARS TRIER Seventh Army Enters Sector Pushes Close to Saarbruecken stood only 34 miles from Berlii irC that area The paper did no specify the location but indicated Zhukovs troops had crossed thr Oder Nazi radio spokesmen said Ger nun forces were fighting a fensive battle between Berlin am the Frankfurt Kuestrin fronl Paris Gen George S Pattons American 3rd army run ning high wide and handsome again stormed within 5 miles o Trier Thursday crossed the Saa river against disintegrated Ger man resistance and swept up 3 more nazi towns in the Mosell valley Already tanks and infantry were within sisht of the main defense works covering Trier a city of 88000 and keystone of the whole German defense system before the middle Rhine They were a mile and a quarter from Konz site of a large fort at the confluence of the Saar and Moselle rivers While Pattons columns advanced 3 miles or more immediately north of the industrial Saar district Lt GenAlexander M Patchs 7th MARINES BEACHHEAD ON IWO of the 500 loot Suribachi volcano shown at the lower right on Iwo Jima was the first significant accomplishment of the assault wave which landed on the island Marines were reported pushing up the heights of central Iwo Thursday Japs Continue Battle From Manila Hotel Floor southern tip of the island ordinated their drive with men may be either ashore or in the process of being sent against the enemy Men of the 3rd 4th and Sth tbe6der too small for a major offensive to ward Berlin The 2nd White Russian army Wednesday drove within 33 miles of Danzig in its sweep up the Polish corridor Marshal Stalin in an order of the day announced the capture of Czersk 45 miles southwest of Danzig The soviet communique de clared Marshal K K Rokos sovskys forces had taken 40 towns in the Polish corridor Wednesday Moscow said Russian withdraw als were made in the face of vio lent counterassaults by the Ger mans on Samland in what ap peared to be an effort to set up a Dunkerque escape from Fillau for thousands of nazi troops trapped in East Prussia Russian planes however were ranging the Baltic coast and Dan zig hay stalking any German ships that might be coming up for such a withdrawal operation Other Russian planes raided Stettin Baltic port for Berlin Wednesday morning as well as the besieged Silesian capital Breslau now encircled by Rus sian troops CLEAR BATAAN within 2 miles of ruined Saar bruecken the capital V His Americans captured halt of Forbacfi French gateway to Saar bruecken from raw conscripts of the volkssturm who were bolstered heavy German weap ons Storied Spicheren fell the Siegfried line was within view The Canadian first army in the north pounded to within 2000 yards of bitterly contested Calcar in its drive toward the Ruhr val ley A report from Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys 12th army group head quarters said German resistance In the SaarMoselle triangle now virtually cleared had completely disintegrated The Saar crossing south of Saarburg was unopposed Saarburg itself was almost cleared There were indications of a gen eral German withdrawal into the rugged Hochwald Despite the spectacular gains of the 3rd army and the slow chip ping progress of the British and Canadian troops In the north it was evident that Gen Elsenhower had not yet loosed his full scale offensive Yanks Fighting in V A Hotel Corridors Manila rPl Only scattered enemy remnants were left on Corragidor Thursday but fanat ically resisting Japanese troops still held out on the 2nd floor of the famed Manila hotel turning the hostelry into the hottest battle spot in the capital city at dawn Thursday 14 Inches of HOUSE PASSES Snow Falls Mason City reported 14 inches of snow Thursday morning caus ing huge snowdrifts Highways surrounding Mason City were re ported open Thursday morning although the roads were drifting Roads running north and south were reported in better condition than those in the eastwest direc tion Local transportation companies reported that they are keeping Early front line reports that schedules although and crusading knights will constrained after Hitlerrs last lethal fling and his death to take much interest in the Niebelung enlied and its literary otfshots Commercial LargeScreen Tele vision may be introduced in Great Britain within the next six years according to figures furnished the U S commerce department The department adds that this British development peihaps will be im proved with technicolor in the following two years fee niarine divisions having sealed iff the 3rd of Iwo en aunt e red tough gains at the south ip of the island against Japanese m the slopes of volcanic ait Snri bachi and to the north near the stands center in a drive to cap yre Motovama airfield No 2 Fifth Army Seizes New Hill Features to Strengthen Position Rome troops of the 5th army have seized addi tional hill features to strengthen their positions on newly won Mount Belvedere and Mount Gorgolesco west of the Pistoia Bologna highway headquarters said Thursday at the same time other 5th army units gained up to 1000 yards against stiff resistance in a local attack east of Mount Belvedere in the direction of nearby Abetaia The Americans captured a stra tegic hill northeast of Mount Bel vedere and took a neighboring ridge Northwest of Mount Belve dere they repulsed 2 German counterattacks and captured Maz zncana hill and another unidenti fied feature Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Promise Subsidy of for Each Acre of Flax Planted Washington who Reports reaching Bradleys elements of the first cavalry di vision had captured the big hotel one of the most luxurious in the orient have been corrected to say that they have occupied the 1st floor the Japanese the 2nd Historic Bataan was cleared of Japanese Gen Douglas MacAr thur reported and so far as can be found no living Japanese sol dier is now on the peninsula Hopelessly sealed in the vast network of tunnels on Corregidor Nipponese troops blew themselves up by touching off one of their main underground ammunition dumps Typical of the bitter inch by inch struggle for downtown Ma drifting snows north of Mason City Drivers were warned to use caution when driving and urged to stay off the highways unless it is absolutely necessary to travel Railroads reported that they are encountering no particular diffi culties from snowdrifts although some trains were running behind schedule The Chicago Milwaukee St Paul and Pacific railroad reported that the early inbound Chicago train was 27 minutes late Thurs day morning The Rock Island lines said that all trains were on schedule while Between these forces was theinila was the battle most greatest potential weight on the whole western British 2nd the American 1st and 9th waiting for their hour as the flooded Roer river slowly receded before them passenger trains on the Chicago North Western line were 2 hours 6TH CODE BILL Would Allow Schooling Outside of District Des Moines last of 6 school code bills which had been made a special order o business for this week relating to a high school vocational education sus tent attending another district was passed by the house Thurs day by a vote of 83 to 21 and sent to the senate As passed by the house alter considerable amendment the bill would allow a high school student whose home district does not offer I the desired vocational education courses to attend high school in the nearest district offering the courses with approval of the ma jority of his school board In this event the tuition would be paid by the home district but it could not be more than a month One of the chief objections to the measure was that it might re sult in one school enticing an ath Jete away from his home district or into another state Five of the 6 bills were house measures and have gone to the senate and one was a senate mea sure which has gone to the gover nor The move important ones HIT REICH IN BIGGEST ALLIED RAID OF WAR Aim at Knocking Out Communication Network Servicing Fronts London air forces hit Germany at dozens of places with approximately 7000 planes Thursday It wars biggest and most spectacular bombard ment of the reich The onslaught was aimed at knocking out the nail communi cations network serving both the eastern and western fronts Explosives cascaded upon Ger man targets at the rate of 100 tons a minute Spearheading the buckshot aiv new idea mapped by al lied air chiefs in readiness for clear than 1400 U S Fortresses and Liberators and 800 fighters attacked a middle reich rectangle the size of Indiana extending from Hannover on east ward almost to Berlin and from Nuernberg north toLuefoeck bay Two divisions of this huge fleet poured into Germany from the north and a third from the south These broke up into packs of up to 100 bombers each which struck at least 21 freight yards and other rail targets in the heart of the reich during the noon hour The Sih air force bombers were assigned to an area of 38000 square miles Within this area the bomber packs planted more than 14000 500pound high explosive bombs on at least 14 railyards each lo cated at a junction of 2 or more main rail routes Freight yards and rail repair shops were hit miles of rail lines were twisted and locomotives mud railcars were disabled The 4en gined bombers flew lower HUB usual because oppositionwas lacking Overnight the British bombed Berlin and heavily assaulted theV rail bottlenecks of Duisburg and Worms which funnel reinforce ments and arms to the western front Flamethrowers and tanks were ent against enemy pillboxes on the slopes of Mr Suribachi Wed nesday afternoon The Nipponese vho previously had weathered a errific bombardment by warships of the U S 5th fleet knocked out of the tanks The sector is strewn with land mines East of he volcano the enemy staged a counterattack in daylight for the first time but it was hurled back Fourth division marines of Gen Clifton B Cates who cap tured the 3rumvay bomber hase Moloyama airfield No 1 Tuesday did succeed in inching north Wed nesday afternoon up slopes of a platear toward the fishier base Motoyima No 2 On the southwest coast the 5th division marines of Maj Gen Kel ler E Rockey are striving to flank the fighter the only airfield still in enemy hands Adm Chester W Nimitz re ferred in a communique to bitter resistance by Japanese defending the 2runway field Everywhere the Japs are stand ing until death rather than yield Waite reported It was a battle against terrain as well as fierce enemy opposition Deep volcanic sands impeded and at times stalled the heavy equipment which includes mobile guns tank destroyers and tanks An encouraging note washe diminution of enemy mortar tire on the beaches where allimport ant supplies are being landed Earlier the supply men were is plant flax under the agricultural adjustment agency flax program will receive a subsidy of for each acre regardless of whether ceunty state or national goals are met Senator BushfieJd RS Dak said Wednesday There apparently is a lot of confusion on the flax program and I have received many reports from farmers saying they understand they will not receive the payment unless certaingoals are met Bushfield tolda reporter Actually each farmer who signs up with the AAA is a certain number of acres and plants them to flax will receive the So an acre payment headquarters told of a tremendous explosion just before midnight near the Urfttalsperre dam on the Roer headwaters Us reservoir empties into the larger Schwam menauel lake now 90 per cent empty It was not immediately apparent whether the dam had been breached loosing new floods on the Roer The river up to mid night was sufficiently low and slow to allow bridging on the 1st army front near the dams south west of Cologne Bright sun bathed the western front again Thursday and planes took off early In 5400 sorties Wednesday bombers smashed such much up front as the most ad vanced outpost from the stand point of taking it Wednesday for the 7th straight day the 16 and 14inch guns of the newest type American battle ships joined with the guns of heavy cruisers in shelling all sec tors of twos 8 square miles Carrierbased Hellcats Hell divers and Avengers gave the ma rines close support Nimitz in his first official ref erence to enemy casualties said 8SO Nipponese dead have been counted added the information is Incomplete Obviously during so terrific a battle going on day and night since the marines landed at 9 a in Monday no accurate count of the foes dead is possible Many of the night between the Yanks bohind schcdule cnroule and Japanese on the 2nd floor of Chicago the Manila hotel where a con iiniial fight to the death went on in the corridors and rooms and on he staircases of the building which stands on Manilas south shore district A succession of Japanese infil tration attempts resulted in the killing of 137 of the enemy around the captured ArmyNavy club the high commissioners office and other buildings Wednesday Most of the slain enemy troops carried demolition charges Bitter fighting also flared in e iiau llclc the long Contested post office WM 3 feet of snow on the ground building which must be subdued bn ofeen jt an accumulation before the walled Intramuros can j be assaulted An area 700 yards DCS Moines with in the last 24 hours totaled 2617 inches at Red Oak the citys weather man Clarence Totty said Thursday Red Oak is in the southwest section of the state where the seasons worst blizzard was concentrated It was one of the heaviest snow falls ever reported in Iowa The weather bureau in Des Moines said it had no figures on the states record snowfall adding there had been times when there pertain to the minimum salary of teachers increasing tuition rates and providing for a heaving of a teacher whose contract was not renewed Wife Wont Tell Him for Tax Milwaukee taxpayer who sought help from the office of internal revenue will have to settle his own problem if he wants to file form W2 which re quires listing of incomes of both husband and wife My wife wont tell me her in come he told a deputy collec centers as DuisHfinr Nuernbergi Berlin Wurms and latter 17 times The triangle formed by the Mo selle and Saar rivers long a major enemy defense stronghold was all but erased One of the captured towns was Tawert six and a half miles south west of Trier a city of 88000 and th most important in the path of Patfons tanks and infantry Oth ers taken in the triangle were Sud lingen Nannebach Nittel Kahren End Krutweiler Added to the 40 captured Wed nesday rations men have scooped up 64 German villages in twoday advances of more than 12 miles Opposition was generally slight The Saar was crossed in as sault boats by the flith infantry which forged the breakthrough have died in caves in areas still to I into which Patton hurled an arm be cleared jored division One automobile parked in front of the hotel in Red Oak Wednes day night appeared to be only a large snowbank Thursday morn ing Council Bluffs also in southi western Iowa had J5 inches of by 500 almost all of it within the Intramuros still remains in the hands of the enemy At daybreak we had a company of soldiers in the postolfice build ing but Japanese resistance was so heavy more artillery shelling is snow for the 2nd heavjest report considered likely 1 Patrols found heavily mined areas in the streets leading to the gates of the Intramuros where an estimated 7000 civilians are held as virtual hostages Wednesday the 17th day of fighting in downtown Manila cost the Japanese 555 counted dead Eleven were taken prisoner i tor She says its none of my business Weather Report FORECAST Senators Ask Penalties for Employers Washington manpower control bill with heavy jail and fine penalties directed against of fending employers was reported favorably Thursday by the sen ale military committee Unlike the houseapproved workorjail hill it would not assess such penalties against workers who refused to take es sential jobs Chairman Thomas D Utah said members of the com mittee who were present voted to send the bill out to the senate flour four voted against doing so Senator Bridges R K H was at another committee meeting and did not vote Senators Wagner D N Y and Thomas R Idaho were yet to be heard from Several committee members were loudly critical of the lvo separate penalty clauses added unexpectedly Wednesday when four members were absent The bill is founded on voluntary cooperation but it carries penal ties ranging up to a year in jail and fine for employers who disregard employment ceil ings set by the war manpower commission or who hire new workers in violation of WMC di rectives The only class of employes af fected would be farm workers de ferred For agricultural duties and unacceptable for military duty If they should leave their farm chores without permission of their loci draft boards they would be subject to five years Imprison ment and fine STRANGE REQUEST Fort Lewis Wash local librarian was unable to comply when a shy young man asked for a book written by thai eminent French author Buy your War Bonds and ed fall Highways in all sections of the state were packed with snow and the state highway patrol said they were drifting badly in the central area Most roads were slippery Schools were closed in some vicinities because of the drifted snow and bad road conditions Perry Red Oak and Council Bluffs were among the cities whose schools were closed Mason City had 14 inches of snow which was beginning to drift Thursday morning although highways were open Atlantic re ported 13 li inches Tort Dodge U Ames and Perry 10 Webster City 9 Creston and Des Moines 8 Newton and Carroll 7 Spencer Iowa Becoming clear and colder i Thursday night Friday partly cloudy No decided change in temperature Alason City Becoming clear and colder Thursday night lowest temperature about 10 above Friday partly cloudy Minnesota Partly cloudy with scattered light snow Thursday night and Friday colder south Stamps from your GlobeGazette and Sioux City 3 Burlington 2 carrier boy iftjonlezuma and Iowa City 1 and east night portions Thursday May Buy hickens Processed on Retailers Premises Washington Gordon Sprague qf the war food admin istration explained Wednesday night that under the dressed chicken freeze order which be came effective Feb 14 eviscerated IN MASON CITY Maximum Wednesday 25 Minimum Wednesday 22 Snowfall 14 inches Precipitation 5 inches YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation chickens may be sold at retail for home consumption provided they are processed on the premises ot the retailer The WFA order also does not apply Sprague said to poultry eviscerated or canned for use in a home in which it is processed or I for use in a restaurant eating 40 places hotels or institutions when 33 eviscerated or canned on the 08 I premises for consumption there ;