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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 22, 1944, Mason City, Iowa KORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM DEPARTUEHT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES UOItiES I A Associated Press and United Press full MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBKUARV 22 1944 F R Veto of Tax BUI Gets Heated Reaction OUGHTON HITS AT ROOSEVELT TALK ON BILL President Declares Measure Is for Greed and Not for the Needy Washington 8 President Roosevelt vetoed the new tax bill Tuesday calling it wholly inef sf fective and a measure not for the needy but for the greedy and congress promptly reacted with both democrats and override the veto Chairman Doughton X Car Of the taxframing hase ways and means committee and Chair man George Ga of the senate finance commitee led democratic denunciation if the veto I couldnt maintain my setf iespect if I didnt vote to override the veto said the 80 year old Doughton Im agin the veto message Senator George told reporters he never had seen a veto or im portant legislation based on such inadequate a n d unconvincing grounds The only thing I can get out of all this he said is that the president is trying to raise an is sue the gross executive versus con Senalor Vandenberg R Mich commented I think his the presidents basis thesis is perfectly fantastic A man in one breath pleads the treasurys need for additional revenue and in the next breath throws away is not in my notion pursuing either logic or economics Representative Madden D upholding Mr Koosevmlt declared the republicans flationary1and that they over looked the factthat the president has a constitutional duty oCap proving or vetoing bills passed The house sat silently and at tentively during the reading of most of the veto message but loud laughs came from the republican side when the clerk read this sen tence As 3 grower and seller of tim ber I think that timber should be treated as a crop and therefore as income when It is sold The president grows Christmas trees on some of his land near Hyde Park N Y and he said in his veto that the tax bill con tained a provision which would amount to a special privilege to Umber growers like himseC The veto ivas read first in the house since the measure originated there The house will vote Thurs day on whether to pass it over the veto In his veto message Mr Roose velt said the legislation was i plete with provisions which not only afford indefensible special privileges to favored groups but set dangerous precedents for the future He said this tendencyin itself was sufficiently dangerous to counter the loss of a very inade quate sum in additional revenue He calculated that the bill would enrich the treasury by less than net a year The president recognizing wide spread complaints over the com plexity of income tax forms took occasion to lay the blame on coh gfess He said it was squarely the fault of the legislators in using language in drafting tax legislation which not even a dictionary or a thesaurus can make clear Nazis Report Evacuation of Krivoi Rog Last Stronghold in Middle Dnieper Bend Area Rog the last nazi stronghold in the Nazi troops evacuated the city late Monday after carrying out demolitions DNB said indicating that the retreating Germans had wrecked the great iron ore mines The hoped chief executive said congress would act he quickly as possible tax laws which in to simplify turn would make possible simplification of forms and computation Taxpay least to the treasury It cancels out an increase in the social security tax he said which would yield SI100000000 Congressional sources had es timated the bill would provide a The social security freeze the president said come at a time when industry and labor cai best adjust themselves to the in creases He said it seemed unwise to provide for termination of wai contract renegotiation authoritj next December 31 as the bil would do Mores experience is needed he lo determine when a time limit should be fixed He criticized as inept a provi sion for appeals to the tax court declaring the court did not havfc personnel lo handle the load Holding out an offer to approve a bill which would enact the ex cise taxes provided in the vetoed measure Mr Roosevelt referred to these as wholly unobjectionable tax increases Mr Roosevelt said it had been suggested to him that he approve the bill on the ground that having asked congress for a loaf of brea he should be content with a small piece of crust He added I might haxc done so if I had not noted that the small piece of crust contained so many extran eous and inedible malerials In assailing special privilege which she said the bill would cre ate the president catalogued hem in this manner Permission for corporations re organized in bankruptcy to retain a high excess profits credit and depreciation basis in inuring 1o the beViefit of bondholders who in rnany cases bought the bonds in the speculative rharketvHe said it might open the door to further windfall profits in this market Percentage depletion a 11 o w ances which he termed question able in any case now are extend ed to a number of additional min erals MRS GANDHI DIES AT POONA Wife of Indian Leader Suffered Heart Attacks London Mohandas K Gandhi wife of the Indian leader is dead thc New Delhi radio said Tuesday Mrs Gandhi 74 had suffered intermittently from heart attacks at Foona where she was detained with her husband Last Sunday an official announcement said her condition had taken a grave turn The announcement by the gov ernor of Bombay said she died at dhi was married loisian figures 11 they both were only p m Tuesday Mrs Gandh Gandhi ivhei 13 years old A rail little woman she lived a quiet and retiring life Sh3 was confined with her husband in the Aga Khans palace at Poona a few hours after Gandhi was ar rested Aug 9 1943 when the all India congress adopted its reso lution advocating civil disobedi ence and Indian independence In an extraordinarily revealing autobiography Gandhi referred to Ms marriage as the cruel custom of child marriage What effect she may have had on his career is highly specula tive but the probability is it not very great She was almost illiterate a condition not unusual in the Krivoi Rog area The mines duced about in peacetime pro 15000000 tons of iron ore annually or about CO per cent of Russias production Wrecked once by the red army during its 1941 retreat the mines were believed to have been re stored only recently by the nazis HARD INDUSTRIAL BLOW TO NAZI WAR MACHINE Moscow red army pushed into the inner defenses of Krivoi Rog Tuesday in a thrust so powerful that it seemed unlikely the Germans would be able to re tain their grip much longer on this important iron ore and com munications center in the Dniepei bend The fall of Krivoi Ttoir coming on toji of the loss of the manga nese center of Nikopol would con stitute one of thc hardest indus trial blows the nazi ivar machine has suffered since the beginnine of the Russian winter offensive A soviet communique said that Russian troops had driven Monday into the outskirts of the city through which one of 2 German OPEN HEARNGS FOR 72 RAPIDS MEAT DEALERS Wholesale Retail Marts Charged With Violating QPA Ceilings Cedar Rapids A The office of price administration Tuesday opened hearings for 72 Cedar Rapids wholesale and retail meat markets involved in alleged ceil violatjons which re overcharges totaling held railways runs west from the Dnieper bend The other lim porallels it about 20 miles to the southeast A drive across these lines by the red army would trap a German force probably larger than the 10 divisions previously encircled anc crushed in the Cherkasy pocket 140 miles to the northwest fielc dispatches indicated On the northern end of the front the Russian war bulletin said soviet forces Viiie big German base of Kholm mid way between Lake llmen and No vosofcolniki and number of other points including the town of Podorye district center of the Kalinin region 2a miles northwest of Kholm The soviet summary said that more than 90000 nazis were killed in the LeningradVolkhov offen sive and that another 7200 were laken prisoner War gear captured included 189 tanks 1852 guns more than 2500 mortars 4500 machineguns 42000 rifles and Tommyguns 2600 Irucks and 350 dumps In addition the Rus sians destroyed 97 enemy planes 275 tanks nearly 1000 suns and 460 dumps The 97200 Germans killed and captured in the Leningrad region were in addition to 73 200 the Russians reported killed or captured in the Cherkasy trap in the Ukraine and the 17000 nazis reported killed or captured dur ng the storming on Feb 8 of Nikopol manganese center 55 miles southeast of Krivoi Hog This makes a total of more than 190000 Germans put out of ac tion in about one months lighting on the 2 fronts according to Rus White Market in Ration Coupons Found White Plains N Y This citys ration board has found a white market in ration coupons During the past month 2219 B ana C gasoline coupons were vol untarily surrendered and a family returned 13 duplicate food ration books erroneously issued ing price suited in Donald D Holdoegel Des Moines district enforcement at torney for the OPA said the hearings resulted from a spot check made iti Cedar Rapids over a 10 day period ending Feb 12 by 4 OIA investigators who were ordered to visit all whole sale and retail markets in thc city The check was made after con sumers had complained to the food panel of the Linn county ration ing board and the DCS Moines dis trict OPA and because of low at lendanee of meat market propri etors at meetings conducted by the OPA to explain ceiling regu lations according to Holdoegel Koeldoegel also pointed to bu reau of labor statistics which showed food prices in general ad vanced about 5 per cenl more in Cedar during cember The hearings involve thc fol lowing cases Sixtyfour retailers total of Rapids than nationally the year ending hist De S46202I overcharges ranging in individual amounts from SlSO to S62480 Seven wholesalers total o 51907663 overcharges Bombing Far Beyond Any Imagined Will Precede in amounts from S19268 to 55640 Seven wholesalers checked at retail levels total of 731 over charges ranging from S3 to S655 Hearings for the dealers are be at the Linn count v OPA office by c A Roberts and Sam Sigman investigators of the district OPA Holdoegel was to return to Des Moines Tuesday afternoon He said the hearings would require about 2 weeks At the end of that time announce ment will be the terms of Holdoegel said the cards will be laid on he table at the hear ings by the OPA and he hnpert the market proprietors would do likewise He expressed he belief most of the cases can be settled He also made it clear that all of Die alleged estimated over charges arc subject lo adjustment either by OPA examination of the Bombers From England Italy Assault Germany HIT NAZIS FROM 2 DIRECTIONS Marks 1st CoOrdinated Ajr prces BULLETIN Allied Headquarters Naples ff The greatest force of allied bom bers ever sent against a single target by the Mediterranean allied airforce Tuesday bombed the Mes scrschmilt factories at RcKcnsburs Germany Rcfreiisburg 50 miles north of Munich was bombed in books kept by the alleged violailnc first coordinated attack ers engaged in an effort to win 1 even among high caste women ol the nations greatest war he India plared are not in a mood o studv Gandhi once said of her that mathematics1 Kasturbai herself docs nol know Mr Roosevell had asked con perhaps whether she has anj ideals independent of mine But she did not hesitate to go lo jail with him time after time asked coii ress for in addi nal taxes and he noted that prominent persons had tated that the figure ivas too low 1Xpnarenlly he referred to Wen dell L Willkies suggestion for a tax bill The responsibility of the con gress of the United States the president said is to supply the A government of the United States si with adequate revenue for war I time needs to provide fiscal sup It port for the stabilization program to hold firm against the tide or special privileges and to achieve real simplicity for millions of small income taxpayers In the interest of strengthen ing the home front in the interest vol speeding the day of victory I j urge the earliest possible action r In vetoing the bill Mr Roose velt said he regarded his action as in Hie public interest He noted that it purports to pro j vide S2100000000 in new reve nucs and grants relief from exisl iruj taxes which would cost at the first time under miserable conditions in south African jails 40 years ago MRS MOHANDAS II GANDHI of Indian Leader Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Light rain or drizzle Tuesday afternoon and early Tuesday night Colder Tuesday night Lowest temperature Tues day night in Mason Cily 15 Wednesday partly colder cloudy and tors or by selfaudits He outlined remedies which both wholesalers and retailer may follow in order to wipe the state clean The consumer not the govern ment has cause on action against he retailer Holdoegel said in the amount of 3 times the over or S50 whichever is the However in a setllenienf the retailer may if he knows which customers were overcharged re fund the overcharges to them or u he does not know who were overcharged contribute the amount to the United States trens llryjJC he is on a Partcash part credit basis he may refund to those customers who were over charged if he can show who they were and contribute the balance lo lhe government If no settlement is reached the government may 1 Brimr suspension procccilins before a volunteer cornmissioncr who if he determines there has been violation may suspend the firm for fs long as he deems nec essary The firm has the right of appeal and the case may cvcn ually reach the United States su preme court 2 Brinf criminal action In a federal court the violation is wilful and intentional 3 Obtain an injunction in state lo prohibit In the case of wholesalers thc government has cause of action and firms arc liable for treble damages allhough some latitrdc may be shown in seltlcincnls of he force dispatched Five lighters also failed to return The escorting mustangs thunderbolts ana lightnings destroyed 33 nazi planes and the total probably will climb after the bomber gunners reports are tabulated The raids in swift followup to the 2200lon RAF assault on Stuttgart Sunday night crushed 2 aireraft coraponemV fac tories at which had ueen damaged severely by thc gigantic U S armada Sunday In addition targets in Hannover and several large aircraft parks and other targets near the Neth erlands border also verc it lacked Meanwhile Maj Gen Frederick L Anderson deputy VERY HEAVY CALLS IN MARCH Many lowans to Receive PreInducrion Physicals Des foipieV inductionphysical examinations of Iowa draft registrants will be very heavy next months state selective service headquarters said Tuesday Col Ralph A Lancaster assist ant director of selective service or federal court further violations Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday with snow flurries northeast and north central portions early Tuesday night and light rain or snow west portion Wednesday afternoon Colder Tuesday night and no important tem peratures changes Wednesday Minnesota Light snow south por tion Tuesday evening becoming partly cloudy Tuesday night and colder Wednesday with light snow west portion by afternoon Continued cold extreme north and colder elsewhere Tuesday night Warmer Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Tojo Japan Survival Is Now at Stake Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tucsdav Rain YEAR Ataximum Minimum 40 33 33 08 inch 44 23 By UNITED TRESS Premier Hideki Tojo told his newly reorganized cabinet Tues day tjjat Japans survival as a nation is at stake in the present most decisive1 stage of the warj a Tokyo radio broadcast re ported The Japanese premier who also is army chief of staff as the re sult a shakeup in which both army and navy chiefs were ousted said the war situation de manded enforcement of the most drastic measures The boldest actions will be justified in state administration as well as in the fields of strat egy the broadcSS quoted Tojo I as saying German targets by bombers based both hi Ilaly and England London first coordi nated air attack against Germany from bases in the United Kingdom and Italy was carried out Tuesday with planes from the south and west hitting aircraft factories and other targets U S army head quarters announced Thc combined assault was made by thc U S 8th and 15th air forces and was the 3rd major daylierht bombingoperation in as many days aimed at destruction of Germanys capacity to maintain an aerial defense asainst further bombing the announcement said Our bomber divisions were supported by fighters of the 8th 9th and 15th air forces and RAF dominion and allied spitfires This joint blow followed 2 con secutive attacks by nearly 2000 U S heavy bombers and fighters each time from Britain against aircraft factories and air fields in Germany on Sunday and on Mon day Final assessment of victories in the air during lions by our Britishbased heavy bombers shows the bombers de stroyed 15 enemy fighters bring ing to 51 the total number shot down that day The destruction of 33 by American air force fighters was announced previously head quarters added No details on Tuesdays con certed assault xverc disclosed im mediately Earlier in the day American and British medium and lighl bombers jabbed at enemy targets in the wethertands and northern France American marauders of the new 9th airforce sprayed bombs on thc strategic German airfield nt GilzeRijen L Anderson deputy in charge of I listened to explain however the U S strategic bombing force all the men ordered for in Britain asserted that Leipzig factories producing 33 per cent of G e r m a n ys fighter planes were knocked out by Sundays record raid 2 KILLEiio HURT IN CRASH 2 Buses With Inductees Are Smashed in Fog Crown Point Ind w o special buses carrying arinv in ductees collided in a heavy fog Tuesday ant Deputy Sheriff A J Binder said 2 persons were known dead and 50 were injured Binder said 1 of thc Greyhound coaches carrying inductees from Hammond Ind to Fort Bciiju preinduction physicals month acutally will be inducted during lie month Colonel Lancaster suid STATES ALLIES FIRMLY UNITED TO BEAT NAZIS U S British Armies of Equal Power Will Make Attack on Europe London Prime Minister Churchill lold the world Tuesday that allied bombing far beyond anything yet employee or indeed imagined would strike Germany in every corner in prelude to the final smashing by American and British invasion armies of ap proximately equal power Thc 3 srcal allies still stand absolutely united and none of the ground made good at Moscow or Teheran has been lost despite disquieting articles in thc soviet press thc British war leader as serted in a confident but cautious war review in commons The allies stand united on war plans which make certain a vic tory that may not be so far away he declared Churchill said he could neither guarantee that the war would fin ish in Europe this year or extend into 1945 and declared Hitler still is in full control in Germany with 300 divisions in his army Half a million nazis are fight ing in Italy and Hitler evidently hus decided lo defend Rome with the same obstinacy as Stalingrad Bui allied leaders are confident of success and reinforcements are pouring in from Africa Other main highlights Churchills first war review since the Teheran and Cairo confer ences AIll OFFENSIVE Thc U S bomber force in Britain now begins to surpass our own arid soon will be substantially greater still This air campaign foundation for in vasion and our chief offensive effort at reach a scale far beyond the dimensions of anything which yet has been employed with long 01indeed imagined range bombers hittirig from Italy us well as Germany Britain RETALIATION The Germans are preparing on the French shore new means of attack on liiis that tountry cither by pilotless air March will lc the first full month eratl Possible rockets or both thai the new prciiiductioii considerable scale but vigi ci examination proKram has been air commands ar fully operative Were at all evidences of thes to more or less clean up our carryovers anil find out just how many men we do have available he said Not all of thc men ordered for preinduction physicals next months will be acceptable to the army and it is possible that some of those who are found accept able will be subject to reclnssifi cation later the colonel added Meanwhile Iowa local boards are engaged hi 3 moves all of which are designed to tighten up on and reduce thc number of lc fcrrments The old nA classificntioii which indicated married man with children Ixini iicforc Sejif will pass out of thc picture preparations INVASION While the British and American forces will be rela tively equal at lhe outset if this battle is prolonged the continu ous Ooiv Americans would make their force thc greater ITALY Thc forces in the bridgehead arc well matched but we are definitely stronger in artillery and armor and ait power Thefact there arc some thing like a halt million Germans now in Italy is not unwelcome to thc allies giving the opportunity lo fight the We have suf ficient forces at our disposal in Africa to nourish the struggle as fast as they can be thc McditciT immediately Binder said ambulances from Crown Point Dyer Hammond and Lowell had been dispatched to the scene Reports reaching this office Binder said s a i d 2 men were known killed in the crash and about 50 others injured C 3 Ol J UltlS ieen D H was announced thai 3 Brit1 and Boy in Alabama ih fiRhlcrs were missing from K from 11 which RAF nishl operations mosquito bombers assaulted tar gets in western Germany at tacked 2 enemy Eboats in thc channel and laid mines in enemy waters A German raid on England Friday night barely disturbed London Only a handful of nazi planes crossed the channel dropping a few bombs in south ern England Little damage and a small number of casualties were reported an official announce ment said The U S air attacks on Ger many Monday carried to new heights an allied offensive against the reich in which approximately 5000 planes have dropped nearly 8000 tons of bombs in less than 2 days The assaults were carried out Decatur Ala Three girls and a boy were born this Wash ingtons birthday to Mrs Spencer Hutto 23 year old wife of a para trooper of Hillsboro The mother brought here by ambulance was reported in satis factory condition and hospital authorities said the babies were slightly premature but apparent ly in good condition Dr T M Guyton delivered thc infants The father is Private Spencer Edmund Hutto 25 Companv S first paratroopers regiment Fort Benning Ga Mrs Hutto is blond of average size The Diane r Yvonne quadruplets en T arc her men in 1A Thc only place where I nciny merchantmen Thc royal navy in the same period lost 95 warships by disablement and 7G77 officers and men of thc royal navy and tZflO of thc mer chant marine engaged in agriculture Localboards also are practically wiping mil all industrial cleferr ments of youths in the 18 21 bracket and placing this is nol true is in lhe case of I farmers As their Ircl step in liahfeiiing tip on deferf moults all local boards with men engaged in farm ing are reviewing all of their farm defcrrmcnts to make certain that Hie men holding 2C ratings actually are engaged in farming Prominent Waterloo Auto Dealer Is Dead Waterloo R Cash 53 founder and president of the A R Cash Motor Company here died early Tuesday of a heart at tack at his home He hart resided here 10 years after moving to from Clinton Iowa His widoivnnd a daughter Mary Jane British action alone has sunk 19 enemy worships and many auxiliaries since Jan 1 104i aiul lnilx lhe Uboats known throuh llavc bco destroyed and was all such i responsible for sinking TIHJOS1AVIA Tito and arsluil losip his partisans at a m second Spencer Ed VOICE FROAI RANKS Camp Mackall N Car Wnen a new lieulenant ot small stature and fragile appearance was assigned to a company here a voice in thc ranks boomed On the bulletin board next morning was lhe announcement The company will lake a 25 mile hike loday with a full and a little child shall lead them WINSTON CHURCHILL War Review ;