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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 22, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME V HIST OCPT OF Iftwi oes VOL XLVI THi THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NitGHIORS MASON CITY IOWA THUKSDAY 1940 HOME EDITION MASON CITY THI MIOHT PAPER CONSISTS OS1 TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE i 11 S ONE NO 118 RUMANIA SPEEDS UP PREPARATIONS Leaders9 Claims Convincing CHARLES P STEWART A talk with James A Farley of the democratic national com mittee is very enlightening to the probable result of nexi No vembers presi dentialelection Jim is an capable politi He also was in recent with all his partys com mittee mem bers from every corner of the country they met in Wash James Farley ington only the other day to choose Chicago for their next nominating convention Therefore hes strictly uptodate Hes communicative and hes con vincing He prove to almost anybody thatthe democrats will have a walkover at the polls in the fall tfe doesnt seem quite sure jup whom theyll nominate but he doesnt consider thatParticularly important His paivy is absolutely solid he points Ofi whereas the republicans are wide open so he remarks Convincing You leave after a chat with Far ley with your jnind definitely made up But to stay convinced like this the investigator must steer clear of Representative Joseph W Martin G O P leader inthe lower con gressional chamber Hell knock Jim Farleys diagnosis into a cocked hat After a chat with him bf apparent to anyone that J dont a RAPID CITY S Dak Almost released from its chrysa lis of granite the head of Washington at the Mount Rusn more national memorial Thurs the 208th anniversary of the first presidents was undergoing its final buffing under direction of Sculptor Gut zon Borglum There was no letup in the work on the huge figure as the na tion paused to pay tribute to the father of his country Human figures tiny by comparison with the great carvings continued to chip away with compressed air buffers at the stone wall over lying the chin and upper bust r Hamilton of the repubUcari na tional committee Says the same thing but Hamilton isnt as fluent as Martin is Martin will demon strate to anybody but the most prejudiced new dealer that were on the verge of ruin after the last seven years that our only salva tion lies in an immediate change in administrations So if you want to make sure which side youre on be particular which authority you consult last It All Depends To determine whom youre bet ting on depends on whom you talked with last Or if you take em impartially you cant tell which is which The last one is the one youre inclined to reckon with most I know which side my guess is on not necessarily from sympa thy but from what seems to me to be indications Id put my money on the demo cratic candidate but not better than 5050 But Id prefer the democrat I presume its just a hunch Guess whom Id like if any body cares Secretary of State Hull demo crat Senator Arthur H Vanden republican Either one would suit Hull slightly preferred Parties Are Split Which party is split widest open Why essentially the democratic party of course this over with the late Joe Byrns years ago He was a democrat and he ex plained very readily why demo crats disagree among themselves Its because they have principles he said but different groups of them have different sets of prin ciples They cant get together on em Theyre loo conscientious v The republicans havent got any principles at all All they want is get into office After they do Set in they may quarrel over the day SWEDISH GUNS AREORDEREDTO IRE ON PLANES AntiAircraft Units Get Orders After Red Bombing of Pajala STOCKHOLM w e d i s h military authorities it was an nounced Thursday have issued new instructions to all antiair craft units to fire on any military planes flying over Swedish terri tory The orders followed Hie bombing of Pajala by Soviet Russian planes Friday which oroueht indignant demands in the Swedish press that a protest to Moscow be followed by in sislence on compensation and assurances against a repetition Military experts continued in vestigations of the bombing Under government orders to protest Wednesdays aerial bomb bardment of the town five miles VMundcr but on election Vjheyre as solid as a rock rj So it is today The democrats new dealers and antinew cfealers They hate each other yorse than democrats hate re tjublicans or than republicans hate Memocrats Liberal Republicans i Some republicans are a trifle more liberal than others and some are slightly more conservative than the comparalively liberal agI jgregation but it doesnt amount I to a serious split If anything its just a little rift No matler whom the G O P nominates there wont be a republican bolt of any con sequence its hard to see how the democrats can hit on a compro mise candidate satisfactory to both their factions Nevertheless they re IN now and thats an ad vantage You realize jbal when you chat with Jim Farley It isnt so ap parent though when you converse with Joe Martin Bombing by Reds iSGnm to Scandinavians By DEWTTT Foreign Affairs Writer Whatever may be Moscows explanation of the Russian bombing of the Swedish village of Pajala lie Scandinavian pub lic reaction is bound to be Jhe this is a grim warn ing o Sweden and Norway to keep hands off the red invasion of Finland One would not expect how ever that this would have a restraining influence on the av erage citizen of either Sweden or Norway Indeed it is likely to have just the opposite effect on inese proud peoples There could be no more con vincing reminder that if the bolshevists conquer the as will happen unless the latter get aid will be nextdoor neighbors to the Swedes and Norwegians This is a contingency which gives the two Scandinavian states night mares from the Finnish border Viiheim Assagsson minister to Moscow was received at the Kremlin late Wednesday by the the Russian PremierForeign Commissar Mo lotoff Sweden never was the object or such serious violation of her neutrality either during the last war or the present one declared Ui e conservathe newspaper Svenska Dagbladet If the bombing was uninten tional steps must be taken to avoid repetition of such mistakes No injuries to any of the 3 000 residents of Pajala were re ported but a number of build ingswere demolished Towns folk said 34 bombs were explo sives and 100 others of an in cendiary lypc LOOK INSIDE FOR MILTON B LOGAN Art Gallery Official Assaulted in Mystery PAGE 2 Missionary Workers Course It Scheduled f o j PAGE 4 Mason City Has Iowa City in Windup PAGE 11 2 NAZI PLANES ARE SHOT DOWN British Fighters Bring Down Two Craft Over Coast of England EONDON varplancs were German shot down by The bombs were believed to havc been intended for nearby Finnish territory but the incident brought predictions that the Swe dish activist movement for vig orous aid to Finland would gain new impetus The chief of the Swedish Fin land committee returning from a visit to Finland announced that recruiting of Swedish volunteers lo help the Finns against Russia would be intensified Sweden has refused officially to send troops to Finland c ILW oiiut auwn oy British fighters Thursday the air ministry announced as nazi air men raided Britains east coast or the second time in three days drawing machinegun fire from eyeral little trawlers which they attempted to attack The fire from the trawlers pve concrete form to the warn ing last week by Winston Churchill first lord of the ad miralty that all British vessels Plying the wartossed North sea waters henceforth would be armed for rrotcetion ajrainsl Ucrman bombing and machine running from the air The downing of the two nazi planes Thursday brought the total German aircraft lost in such raids to an even 50 according to the British They listed 41 German bombers as definitely accounted for and said nine others probably never reached hoine The British estimated the total value of the German Planes at 54000000 The air ministry said the planes downed Thursday were losers in battles with British fighter planes one off the northeast coast and the other near St Abbs Head Scotland if There a crciv nf four aboard this Heinkel which felt at the outskirts ot the village of Coldingham 40 miles east of Edinburgh on the southern side of the Firth of Forth The fate of the Germans wa not immediately disclosed of the heroic Washington sculp tured on the scale of a man 465 feet in height The head 60 feet from chin to crown was started on July 10 To the average observer the figure was completed when on July 4 1930 a huge American LAST AMERICAN PRISONERS ARE FREED BY SPAIN Harold E Dahl Will Sail From Seville Friday for New York MADRID United States embassy announced Thurs day that the last eight American citizens held as Spanish civil war prisoners including Harold E Dahl Champaign 111 flyer had been released and would start lor home soon Dahl and two of the Ameri cans Clarence Alvic Blair of Red Granite Wis and Cohn Haber of New York already are at Seville They are to sail for New York aboard the Exiria Friday Dahl is a native of Sidney 111 His mother Mrs C W Harmison lives in Urbana 111 Blair was born in Little Falls Wis and his moth er MrsJ A Blair lives in Red Granite Wis Cohn is the son of Nathan Haber New York City Due at Seville Thursday and alsoscheduled to sail on the Exiria was Anthony Peter Kehrlicker a native county Iowa The release of these oners who had fought for the defeated republican government brought to an end a long diplo matic tussle in which the United States stale department had sought their freedom Dahlwho had been in custody since he parachuted to earth be hind nationalist Generalissimi Francos lines on July 12 1937 became the most widelyknowi American prisoner of the Spanisl war as a result of his attractive blond wifes efforts to have him freed Dahl originally was marked for execution but he was spared from this penalty after Mrs Dah i singer sent a letter to Genera franco asking clemency She en closed a photograph of herself The flyer however remained a nsoner most of the time in the Salamanca provincial hospital where he was said to have beer given privileges and a consider able degree of freedom Mean while the American state depart ment kept hammering for his re lease Mrs Dahl returned to the United States alone last November anc only last Jan 9 won a new promise of help from the state department flag was drawn aside during unveiling ceremonies But to Borglum that was only a be ginning Washington he said then still lies behind the granite During the intervening ten years big drills and dynamite have taken off tons of rock as the sculptor labored to give ex pression to the gianite features to etch into the rock the charac ter of the man who guided the infant republics destinies through eight trying years I deliberately carved the head in an upright position without the slightest tilting for ward or backward or to either side to fix upon themind of the observer the upright character of the man Borglum said Thursday the sculptor was al most ready to say tlie task is done He expects to complete not only Washington but the Jefferson Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt heads by June of this year Building Other animals n rf Roehester hoars before their Joss at between o er valuable circus ani thew the streets and Jess Adkins estimated aainsl V om ule slalc oepanment achlnr of that time Dahl was reported to be in fairly gooc health dispite his long confine ment DAHLS WIFE IS STILL SKEPTICAL PHILADELPHIA fipj Edith Rogers Dahl shapely blond wife of Harold E Dahl received with skepticism Friday the news that her flyer husband had won re lease from Spain as a civil war prisoner Pausing in a rehearsal of a Spanish dance routine at a local theater Dahls 35 year old wife told newsmen would be very very happy if it were I have heard it so many times before that Ill not believe it until I receive con firmation from Washington The first German plane shot down at sea off the thumberiand coast Nor Four British armed trawlers clianged machinegun fire with Uerman raiders and reported they drove the altackers off Complete Testimony in Aldridge Action DES MOINES OTTestimony vas completed Wednesday in Alva AWndges district court certiorari suit m which he seeks reinstate ment as an employe of the Iowa state employment service Attor neys will submit their arguments m writing later Aldridge was dis charged from the Charles City of fice of the employment service Governor Stassen to Leave for Panama to Take 10 Day Vacation ST PAUL Gov Harold E Stassen said Thursday he would leave Sunday for New Or leans where he would board a freighter for a short vacation Stassen has had little rest since before the last session of the state legislature His speaking sched ule has been heavy and he has made 44 addresses since the first of the year He was forced to turn down 104 other speaking invita tions He said he planned a trip to Panama aboard a gulf freighter and that the vacation would last only 10 days Mrs Stassen will accompany him He said he was lorccd to vacation out ot the state because it would be impos sible for him to stay away from state duties if he remained in Minnesota Finland Reports Red Attack Near Viipuri Is Repulsed Marks First Admission That War Had Reached Kamara Neighborhood HELSINKI red army attack near the Kamara railway station a communication center 12 miles southeast of Viipuri on the Karelian isthmus was repulsed the Finnish high command re portedThursday The Russians lost 2000 dead in lighting at Taipale at the eastern end of the isthmus defense line the communique declared Thursday was the first admis sion bythe Finns that fighting had reached the neighborhood of Kamara although the Rus sians previously had reported their forces driving through that station on he main isthmus railway to Viipuri The Finnish command declared that the fighting on both sides of the Mnnncrheim system across the isthmus had raged far into Wed nesday night A large number of tanks were reported destroyed and 13 red army planes shot down The communique said more Russian strong points and prisoners were captured on the battlefield northeast of Lake La doga where earlier this week the red armys 18th division was re ported destroyed With a blizzard raising Fin nish hones of stopping thn Kus sian military machine Finland called men 41 to 16 years old o report lo mobilization cen ters V The Finnish high command re ported new scouting flights be hind the soviet lines and bomb ing raids on red army troops In continued aerial activity over the war zone the Finns said several Russian formations with as many as 50 planes each had been sighted The soviet strategy of smashing at both extremities of the Man ncrheim line while maintaining pressure along its whole length emphasized the Finnish problem of defense with thinspread forces everywhere numerically inferior F R Watches Races Boxing on Tuscaloosa ABOARD THE U S S LANG AT SEA Roosevelt observed the birthday of the na rons first president Thursday by attending foolracing and boxing contests aboard the U S S Tus caloosa His role as spectator fol lows two fishing sessions near a Costa Rican island Wednesday Opportunity Knocks But Opens Door to Tragedy Not Success OMAHA fp Opportunity knocked once for Harold W Han cock 34t but it opened a dcor that led to tragedy instead of success For a year he had worked in a smelting company plant days and studied air conditioning in eve ning classes Three weeks ago he accepted a ob at Broken Bow Nebr which would give him the chance to use his new knowledge in his chosen field Last niglit his wife and his two daughters Lois 14 and Bonnie Jean G were told of his death un der the wheels of 1 train at Broken Bow His employer said Hancock was on his uiy to mail i JeUer to his wife children who were to join him after the present school year IOWA MERCURY TAKES NOSEDIVE 2 AboveZero Recorded for Spirit Lake Mason Citys Low Is 12 DBS M01NES Tempera lures took a nosedive in Iowa Wednesday night dropping to a 2 above zero minimum at Spirit Lake as light snow fell over the central and eastern section of the state Temperatures Thursday morn ing stood at 10 degrees below nor mal with a reading of 16 de grees reported here at a m Mason Citys minimum was 12 The weather bureau predicted fair and colder weather in north western and eastern Iowa Thurs day night with slowly rising tem peratures followed by snow Fri day Tiie mercury reached a high of 34 degrees at Davenport Wednes day The light snowfall failed to hamper transportation facilities in the state to any degree JMETZGER IN HOSPITAL DES MOINES M Mctz ger chief of bureau in charge of Iowa and Nebraska for the As sociated Press was in Veterans hospital here Thursday Attending physicians said they anticipated he would undergo an operation for appendicitis sometime next week 4 DALAI LAM A IS ENTHRONED Chubby Boy Becomes Tibetian Ruier in Exotic Ceremonies CHUNGKING China new dalai chubby and precocious son of a Tibetan farm enthroned Thursday at Lhasa in one of the most exotic ceremonies of he modern world The new lama is LingEhr He was dressed in red silk robes and crowned with a golden crown in the ceremonies on of the world where he will reign over Tibet Two other boys were also candi dates for the throne which was vacated by the death of the 3th dalai lama in 1933 but it was un derstood thai LingErli had been chosen without recourse lo the 150 yeur old ceremony of drawing lots from a golden urn The new larha was selected as a result of a vision and because he was born at almost the same hour the 13th lama died Followers of the religion believe that the soul of the dying ruler entered the body of the new born child A hutukhtu or living buddha who was a nephew of the late lama was appointed regent short ly before the ruler died and it was his duty to find the successor LAMA LINGERH Enthroned CHALLENGE ON PLANE OIL BAN Clodius Expected to Make Showdown More Reservists Called BUCHAREST JF Rumania ordered her already large military preparations speeded up Friday following authoritative reports that Germany was challenging the governments ban on export of aviation gasoline to the reich Dr Karl Clodius German eco nomic expert is expected here Monday for a showdown to insist on delivery of Germanys full 1940 quota of oil and oil products Meanwhile the government ordered many of 200009 re servists originally called for March 1 to start reporting for duly immediately il was learned Effective March I liumania will have 1600000 men under virtually general mobilization hallways arc jammed with re servists moving toward frontiers and with Jong trainioads of tanks armored car and artillery The arrival of Dr Clodius will coincide with the start of Hu wVhar itrade convereations here with Italy understood alsoto be seeking a share of this countrys Germany it was said will challenge a Rumanian ban on shipments of high test aviation gasoline to the measure which Rumania was reported to have taken to placate Great Brit am and France The German attitude toward RuinaW and southeastern Europe will defend on the out come of Clodius talks informed quarterspredicted It was understood that a gov ernment decree banning the fuel wmch Germany needs for her war machines had been in direct contradiction to a recent oil export agreement with Ger Allied pressure in gaining this Rumanian show of resistance to Germanys economic overtures is said to have consisted of de erate delays hi delivery of cot ion wool jute and iron ore to Ru mania confronting her industries with serious losses The Rumanian ban was regarded m London as givingthe allies the edge in the competition for Ru manian oil The Brilish and the French have pointedly informed Buch arest that they might be com pelled to reconsider their guar antees of Rumania against at tack if Kinjr Carols regime fa vored Germany on oil Allied concern had been height ened by the fact thai British and French along with Americans and other foreigners own 80 per cent of the Rumanian oil industry and tie nlhes were confronted with the possibility that Rumanias petroleum control board would levy against British and French production to rill Germanys needs Rumania is under agreement o ship about 30 per cent of her 1940 production to Germany Under the reported leoricnlation of the countrys oil export policy how ever it was said that the necessity of building up Rumanias own re serves of oil against a possible wartime emergency impelled the ban on aviation gasoline The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair colder in north east and extreme east not quite so cold in extreme southwest Thursday night Friday increas ingcloudiness slowly risin temperature followed by snow m extreme west Friday after noon or night and in cast and central portions Friday night MINNESOTA Fair colder in soulheasl and extreme cast Thursday night Friday increas ing cloudiness slowly risinr temperature in afternoon in south portion followed by snow Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis Maximum Wednesday 27 Minimum Wednesday night 12 At 8 a m Thursday Snoxv YEAR AGO Maximum i2 Minimum ;