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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Cents a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 21 1945 INSIDE WASHINGTON Trumans Too Have That Roosevelt Publicity By HELEN ESSARV Central Press Columnist a letter Dear Republican I hope you realize what kind of folks the Trumans really are The Vice Presi dent Trumans I mean Has it occurred to you that they have the kind at flair for the dramatic that has helped make the Boo s ev e 11 s what they are today Well my dears it is time TKBMAN youdid realize Or you wont ever get back into the White House You dont be lieve me You say Harry Truman is a home spun politician Smart but not too smart Not the kind to attract too much attentionfrom voters terribly wrong dear re publican party Have you seen that late picture of Harry the vice president of the United States at the piano playing a tune to the lush Lauren Bacall The lush Lauren is sitting on top the piano Legs oomph invitational saiileand Hollywood sex halo DoesHarry meaning the vice president appear shy As it he beenlorced into the shot by a persistent news photographer He does not He is smiling up at Lauren She is smiling down at him Everybody Is having a won derful time Everybody who at the Press Club Canteen where the picture was taken will say at sight of the tableau Harrys quite a fellow isnt he And forthwith will like him bet ter Now dear republican party have you anywhere in your ranks Old Guard or New Guard any body who would have the cour age to pose with the screens most advertised siren a gal who makes Mae West as inoffensive as cot tage cheese Ill answer the ques tion for you You have not such a gentie man other words you have no body vifho up to date has the en tertainment value pi the or theirflewrunneriup the i Trumans Tills Paper Consists of Two MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YANKS ON CENTRAL AIR STRIP Nazis Say Zhukov Cuts Berlin Frankfurt Line Truman Is good story Uer too I understand that after dinner over a cigar and a Scotch he goes in we ep ithets Very provocative Do you have any republicans to match him in witand candor And the talent for not apologizing for any thing At the beginning of the last presidential campaign it was dls covered that Mrs Truman was on her husbands office payroll as home advisor or something like that Did the Trumans hang their heads in embarrassment They did not They said in effect So what And got away with it Mrs Truman had a stupend ous party recently given her by Mrs Arthur Clarendon Smith Some dull people might have ad vised Oh dear Mrs Truman better not overdo the social thing right away Theres a war on Be sides you simply cant rush Washington 11 the dull people did advise Mrs Truman paid no mind She decided shed like a whale of a party And so she had it Why not Therell be reams written of the fiesta It will be talked about for tho Trumans with it Once again I tell you poor blundering scared republican party these top democrats have the gift for amusing the public the genius for sensing the public mood They are forever theater Why cant you get over your cautious ways Youll nexer get into power again if you keep on being refined Theres one among you who isnt cautious She is theater She is one of the livest sparks in your Mrs well isnt she She is like the Roose the Trumans She doesnt care what people say She outfit Naturally I mean Luce She is doing right just makes elected headlines and gets be of service No charge Glad to Axis Radio Says Yanks Chinese Massed for Invasion of China Coast London UR Axis broadcasts said Wednesday that an army of 30000 American troops and 90 Chinese divisions has been massed in southwestern China to support an American landing on the east coast of China The German Transocean news agency quoting dispatches from Tokyo said the allied expedition ary force awaited a signal to start an overland offensive in coor dination with the amphibious as sault on the coast The Chinese were said to be concentrated in Yunnan province including troops transferred from the Burma front PRAVDAPLACES REDS 34 MILES FROM CAPITAL Say Konevs Troops Battling in Suburb of Guben to South BULLETIN London IP armytroops have captured the Polish town of Ciersk 17 miles northwest of Chojnice and 45 miles from Dan zig Premier marshal Stalin an nounced Wednesday London Gregory Zhukovs troops fighting to en circle Frankfurt on the Oder 38 miles i east of Berlin have tem porarily slashed the citys life lines to the capital a German mil itary commentator said Wednes day The fortress town on the west bank of the Oder is under siege and the constant hammering of finssian artillery and bombers said the report from inside the city by transocean war reporter Hans Arntz His broadcast coincided with a military review in the Moscow newspaper Pravda which said the red army was 34 miles from Ber lini This report the closest theRus sian press has yet placed the Bus si an troops to Berlin did not give the point of the penetration but indicated it wasin Zhukovs sector and possiblywest of the Oder prop erty in Frankfurt on the Oder have fled to Berlin and no longer know where to go said the re view Arniz made the disclosure thai the trunk railroad and military highway to Berlin had been cnt temporarily along with the state ment all roads leading westward from Frankfort are now open He said the Germans were fighting defensively between Ber lin and the FrankfurtKuestrin front on the Oder The assault upon Frankfurt he added is being directed from bridgeheads south of the city and the Russians have repeatedly as sailed the town attempting en circlement The bulk of Frankfurts 76000 population has fled and the city has been stripped for a deathstand defense as a bastion of Berlin the German broadcast said Grenades are exploding in its streets and Russian planes are fly ing rooftops rattling their machineguns he added Frank fnrt has become a town withou air raid sirens as the occupants are constantly on the jump Many streets are lonely anc dead Buildings are deserted and their occupants have fled to the west Only vital enterprises are still open The electricity supply has been cut down and street cars have ceased running Street cars have been converted into antitank Other red army tanks and in fantry battled through the sub urbs of Guben one of the main strongholds guarding the south era approaches to Berlin after shattering the last 20 miles of the enemys lower Bpber river line Far to the northeast Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovskys sec ond White Russian army pushed to within 40 miles of the great Baltic port of Danzig in advances of up to 7 miles along a 30mile Iront in the Polish corridor Marshal Ivan Konevs first Ukrainian army plunged across the last enemyheld stretch of the lower Bober river Tuesday just below its continence with the Oder and pressed on through 80 towns and vallages toward Gnben Vanguards drove into the sub urbs of Guben a 12way com munications hub 51 miles southeast of Berlin after capturing Sche geln 8 miles to the east at the center of the breakthrough front Heavy fighting also was raging in forests east of Guben which al ready was under artillery fire Guben guards the 23mile gap be tween the Spree and the Oder rivers on the southern approaches to Berlin Britain Wants Greater Role in Jap War Washington that Britain wants a greater role in the var against Japan is found here n the disclosure of new Roose veltChurchill discussions on Pa cific fighting President Roosevelt on his re urn journey from Yalta mel the British leader at Alexandria sev eral days agoHe wanted to meet General Charles De Gaulle at Algiers immediately afterward 3ut the French president hav ng been left out at Yalta snapped a curt no thanks Mr Roosevelt also conferred with 3 of Egypt ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia and Haile Selassie of a warship in the Suez canal A dispatch which came direct from the presidential party tells he story of the presidents od yessy his brief but discussion packed meeting with Churchill lis unsuccessful efforts to get De Gaulle to Algiers when De Gaulle wanted him to visit Paris and his meetings with other dignitar ies including several American ambassadors The dispatch was released by the white house Tues day The Alexandria talk lasted only 4 hours the account said but it enabled Roosevelt and Church ill to hold new and important discussions on the Pacific These were not possible during their meeting with Stalin at Yalta be cause where Japan is concerned Russia is still neutral Mr Churchill told the presi dent in blunt words the report said that his government was determined to throw everything i Had at the Japs as soon as Ger many has been defeated and meanwhile would do all it coulc to strengthen its forces already engaged in that conflict This is the same sort of prom ise British intentions which has been given several times in the past and particularly after the Quebec conference late last sum mer Many military authorities here believe that Churchills repeated emphasis on the point is to keep Britains part in the Japanese war in the forefront of American thinking with a view to obtaining a greater role for her fighting forces and a greater voice in both strategic and political decisions The direct stake of the British empire in Asia is enormous bu the manning and direction of thi Pacific war up to this time hav been almost entirely American ex cept for the long and bitter fight ing in Burma and New Guinea For the future Britains assign ment Is understood to be unlcs changed primarily cleanup opera tions in the southeast Asia and Indies sectors whereas the Brit ish have been reported as want ing a part in the decisive assaults on Japan and Japaneseheld China going APPROVE DECLARATION Montevideo UPJ The Uru guayan house Wednesday ap proved 6219 a declaration of war against the Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy WILL DEFER MANY FARMERS Write Measure Into Manpower Legislation Washington reaffirma tion of congressional intent tha essential farmers be deferred from the draft was written into man power legislation Wednesday b the senate military committee Into a bill to strengthen the wa manpower commissions authorit to deal with manpower placemer went an amendment which in ef feet emphasized meant what it that said congres when i adopted the Tydings farm worke amendment to the selective serv ice law The bill is a substitute for th house workorjail bill which th senate committee has sidetracked Local draft boards would be pu on notice that in classifying farm registrants they must base the decision solely on whether th man is engaged in farm work es sential to the war effort an whether a satisfactory replace ment can be obtained Chairman Thomas D Utah explained that some members o the committee felt that the orig inal Tydings amendment had bee at least partially nullified b general orders from the top which instructed draft boards 1 review all agricultural defermen in view of the armys need fo more physically fit men ATTON HURLS THROUGH LINES TOWARD TRIER Scots Capture Goch Gab Momentum in Drive for Ruhr Paris Gen George S atton Jr hurled an armored livision Wednesday through ole gouged in the central Ger man front in the MoselleSaar riangle and the tanks smashed miles forward toward Trier hrough disorganized resistance Goch strongly fortified road center between the Rhine anil leuse rivers in the north finally vas captured by Scots of the Canadian 1st army which gatli red momentum in its offensive oward the Ruhr valley 16 miles away South of Pattons 3rd army the J S 7th army advanced to with n plain sight of Saarbruecken ess than 3 miles away Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs shock troops nvading the Saar again captured lalf a dozen border towns and rpke into Forbach large French ail center which is almost iuburb of devastated Saarbrueck n The Americans seized heights overlooking historic Spicheren and the Siegfried line fortif Sea sons In the north the last enemy were cleared from tlie ruined road center of Goch once a town6fI350Dland still the center of 8 high ways The Scots thrust on 600 yards south westward Goch is 8 miles south of captured Kleve terminal th original Siegfried line and 1 miles southeast of the Dutch city of Nijmegen whence the Canad ian offensive started Beyond the oncebristling tow lies a small open plain in which no fixed German fortifications have been noted British empire troops fighting with Gen Henry Crerars com mand gathered momentum anc drove deeper into the center o German defenses in synchronizec thrusts through Buchholt and Hal verboom villages near besieged Calcar Scottish troops seized the marshland village of Buchholt an pushed on toward the German stronghold of Uedem only miles tothe southeast On Pattons southern flank th U S 7th army pressed to within less than 3 miles of the ruined Saar district capital of Saar bruecken plunged across the Saa river anew to capture the German village of KleinBlittersdorf an struck into the outskirts of For bach French rail center which al most joins Saarbruecken The British 2nd and America first and 9th armies stood i mighty strength along the reccd ins Roer river between the Ca nadians and Patrons 3rd arm The Germans repealed that a offensive was imminent across th Roer toward the great cities of th Rhine and the Ruhr valleys Patton finally got his armo clanking up the Moselle valley to ward the Rhine after many day of bitter fighting in the Siegfrie line and in floods caused by thaw and freshets Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow Wednesday afl ernpon Partly cloudy and cold er Wednesday night and Thurs day Lowest Wednesday nig about 10 above Iowa Snow in west Wednesda afternoon and rain or snow i east Wednesday afternoon an early Wednesday night Colde Wednesday night and Thurs day Minnesota Heavy snow southea and south central and ligh snow remainder of state Wee nesday afternoon changing snow flurries Wednesday nigh and clearing Thursday colde strong winds diminishing Wee nesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 30 Minimum Tuesday 22 At 8 a m Wednesday 24 YEAR AGO Maximum 41 Minimum 14 DRAGONS HEAD VOLCANO LANDMARKS IWO trailing cloud of smoke result of U S air assault hangs over Mount Suribachi extinct volcano and landmark on Iwo Jima where marines are fighting a bloody battle for the strategic island less than 800 miles from Japan Japs Continue Bitter Resistance in Manila Manila forces vith their casualties in the Luzon ampaign nearing the 100000 mark fought back savagely from a shrinking pocket in Manila Wed lesday against American flame hrowers andheavyartillery Geii Douglas MMacArthur saiii deveU oped as he American infantrymen lowly compressed the enemy lines ind big guns maintained a steady iombardment of he ancient wall around the intramuros sector The laststand death battles vaged by the Japanese was taking a heavy toll of the enemy forces A communique reported that the apanese casualties in the first six veeks of the Luzon campaign ex ceeded 92000 Jn that same period he American casualties totaled 2676 dead 10008 wounded and 245 ratio of sevento one over the enemy As the trapped Japanese faced almost certain death in their hold out positions below the Pasisr river hey let loose an orgy of sadism and destruction on Filipino civil ans and property The communique officially dis closed that the Japanese were acting with the greatest savagery UHVIJL ui i LfO UU fcluTJO d JlTtt the treatmoit of noncombatp VheTargest0 increase0 1l nnn t Appropriation Bills Pass Legislature Des M o i n e s fowa legislature Wednesday passed 10 appropriation bills providing for the expenditure of a total of 29 209438 during each the bien nium beginning July 1 Several of Hie measures pro vided for sharp increases com pared with the amount appropri ated for the same purpose 2 years ago The senate passed and sent lo Gov Robert D Blue without a dissenting vote 5 bills providing for 518823400 a year for the comptrollers office highway com mission and institutions under the board of control and board of ed ucation 2 of the bills concerned the highway commission The house also passed 5 meas ures providing for a total expen diture of a year Those CHURCHILL SAYS CHARTER A GUIDE Defends Decision on Polish Question London Ministe Churchill lold critics of Russia annexation of eastern Poland am the Baltic states Wednesday tha a guide not a rule He was replying to questions I commons whether decisions on the future of the Btlfic states am Poland at this time did not con tradict article 2 of the Allantii charter Churchill refused resolutely t ants and private prope A survey showed that almost all private possessions of Filipinos ivere thoroughly looted during the irieray occupation and apparently taken to Japan In the battle around intramuros the Japanese were reported in creasing automatic and heavy weapon fire in a desperate attempt to halt the Americans who lopped off another block from the south rn side of the pocket Despite the advantage of good defenses behind strong fortifica tions the Japanese were losing heavily One report showed that the llth airbonc units alone since the Batangas landing had seized or destroyed 1227 enemy pill boxes or bunker defenses and counted 4053 enemy dead in their sector On Corregidor bombers and fighters joined with infantrymen and paratroopers in cleaning out the Japanese from the islands rocky recesses Demolition squads and flame thrower units were searching the top of Malinta hill for ventilating holes leading to the famed Malinta tunnel where the Japanese were believed making their major stand Explosive charges and fiery bursts from the flamethrowers down the ventilating shafts could quickly end Japanese resistance inside the tunnel over 2 years was in the amount pro vided for old age pensions The louse voted a year for hat purpose up from he appropriation for each year the current biennium The vote vas 105 to 0 That means that at least 53000 000 more will he available for old age assistance during the year be July 1 than is available tor the current year because the Tcdcral government matches slate funds In addition welfare board officials have estimated S300000 of the 1943 appropriation will foe on hand at Ine end of this bicn ulum and that also will be avail able for pensions Two of the ofher 4 measures passed by the house would per mit the board of social welfare to retain and use balances it will have in the blind aid and aid to dependent children funds at the end of the fiscal year Under present law the balances revert to their original state federal and county sources Officials esti mated would be left in the blind fund and 5330000 in the aid to dependent children account The vote on the blind fund was Q9 to 3 and on the childrens ac Allied Planes Raid Hitlers Hideout at Berchtesgaden Rome UR Allied warplancs bombed Adolf Hitlers mountain fortress at Berchtesgaden in day light Tuesday for the first time a headquarters Wednesday announcement said A force of Italianbased medium bombers and fighter bombers the Mediterranean allied tactical air force carried out the surprise blow on the fuehrers hideaway in the Bavarian Alps 75 miles south cast of Munich elaborate in any way on Crimean conference during question period He is scheduler lo make a statement on the con Terence at the opening of a 2day debate in the house next week Maurice Petcrick a nationa conservative had asked Churchi whether article 2 of the charte applied to Latvia Lithuania tonia and Poland Article 2 ex pressed the desire of the subscrib ing powers to see no territoria changesnot in accord with th treelyexpressecl wishes of th people concerned Earlier Foreign Secretary An thony Eden Judged a direct ques ion whether Britain had evi dence that Poles east of the Cur zon line desired to be incorporate in Russia Are you not bound by the Al lantic charter to consider thes populations before transferrin them Prof Douglas Savory conservative asked Eden replied that the house no doubt knew the strength of the national Ukrainian movement which had existed in tins terri tory for many years However Britain could not be expected to have detailed factual uptodate evidence on this matter he said This is not purely a Polisli Hussran question Eden said It is also very much a Ukrainian question and I know there is a large Ukrainian majority in his area eastern How can the government have arrived at their decision if they have not factual information pressed Laborite Richard Stokes If you wish to debate this fur ther I will gladly do so next week Eden said Is not this a surrender to power politics demanded MaiGen Sir Alfred Knox a conservative amid cheers The question went unanswered NIMITZ LISTS 3650 MARINES AS CASUALTIES Forces Hold Control of Over OneThird of Tiny Iwo Island U S Pacific Fleet HeadQuar ers Guam 650 marines were killed or voundcd in the first 48 hours of he battle lor Iwo Jima Adm Chester W Nimitz announced Vednesday as he reported the eathernecks made general ad ances ranging up to 1000 yards 5n the islands central air field Nimitz listed approximately 3 00 enlisted men and 150 officers as i 1 i c d wounded and miss inf lie said 3063 of the rounded have been evacuated In dicating about 600 were killed or missing There was no estimate of Japa icse losses Tankled marines holding firm control of more than a third of he island began an enveloping rive against the fighter field cnown as Motoyama No 2 The ifth marine division bypassed he southern tip of the field in a banking move preparatory to striking at it from the west while he fourth division pushed di rectly toward the center of the airdrome Every yard of the advance was made under a steady hail of Jap anese machine gun mortar rifle and rocket fire over xvet rocky slopes crisscrossed with revet ments pillboxes blockhouses and reinforced sniper holes Mines and tank traps were plentiful The marine drive stemmed from Motoyama airfield No 1 the is lands prized bomber field lured Tuesday noon 30 hours ahead of schedule About 700 yards separate these 2 fields the only completed air strips on the island 750 miles south of Tokyo Qlher devil does crawled 1M painful yards up the slopes of Suribachi volcano a fortress mountain on the southern tip of the island from which Japanese guns dominate every Inch ol the dismal ground the Yanks control Vicious Japanese defenders at tempted one small tank supported nighttime counterattack and al most constant infiltration both co ordinated with mortar rocket and artillery barrages All attempts were broken up by the marines with the aid of illuminating flares fired through out the night by the American invasion fleet lying offshore The flags exposed virtually every Jap anese attempt at nighttime ma neuvers Naval guns masses of marine artillery carrier planes tanks and individual marine units combined in pulverizing Japanese defenses which cover the entire Volcanic island But the marines still face an uphill fight The northern mass of the island rises about 50 yards above Moto yama airfield No 2 which lies on a plateau The marines had to climb slopes to approach it from any direction They inched forward 200 yards 1N6W count 93 to 0 One of the other house measj urcs would appropriate 535000 VT for legislative printing The vote IV was 103 to 0 The fifth approved lr p 84 to 17 would appropriate 56038 fOf to Muscatinc county to pay a drainage assessment on state land 0 t Philadelphia 10000 Ion light cruiser U S S Fargo first ship to bear the name of the North Dakota city will be launch ed Sunday in the Delaware river Icing conditions on the river have delayed launching of the Fargo for two weeks The vessel constructed at the New York Shipbuilding corporations Cam den yard will be sponsored by Mrs Fred OOlsen wife of the president of the Fargo city com Mary E Perton Liberated From Philippine Camp Mary E Perton whose next of kin is listed as Anna Mae Pcrton Mason City was reported by the war department as one of Iowa civilians liberated in the Philip pines according to an AP dispatch received here So far efforts to locate any Ma s6n City relatives for comments have been unsuccessful mission The ship is of the Cleveland type approximately 600 feet long 614 feet abeam and travels at a speed of more than 33 knots north of Motoyama airfield No 1 also known as Suribachi before they had lo dig in as enemy rock ets and artillery shells poured down from overlooking positions Those marines were on the north flank of a wedge which has jeen driven across the narrow south end of Iwo giving the Americans a firm hold on one third of the island 750 miles south of Tokyo The wedge links an east coast beachhead 2 miles in width to holdings of 2000 yards alone the penetrated west shore On the south flank at the islands tapering tip 566foot high Mt Suribachi a volcano is sealed off by marines meeting stiff op position from Nipponese on its slopes Its big guns however have been silenced during a 6day con tinuous bombardment by Hear Adm W H P Blandys warships which already have exploded more than 8000 tons of hot steel on Iwos defenses Up the east coast from Mt Suri bachi marines on the north flank had the tough job of ferreting Nipponese out of a rock quarry The quarry is near tho coast southeast of Motoyama airfield No 2 and is a position which must be cracked to facilitate get ting at the bulk of the Nipponese garrison on the north part of the island Adm Chester IV Nimilz an nounced Wednesday in a com munique covering action through 6 V m Tuesday that a large por tion of our artillery is now ashore and n position to support both flanks of the beachhead He also reported supplies are being placed ashore satisfactor ily Nimilz said no estimate of cas ualties in the costly assault ol ;