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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DCPAftTWCNT Of HISTORY AND ARCHl UOINCS IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wijes Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 31 1944 HOME EDITION irrrrrn One Mans Opinion ARadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason CUy Sunday 4 f m KHMO Hannibal Tuesday p m WSUI Iowa CUy Thursday p m WOI Friday p m KSCJ Sioui City Friday i m Which Way Good Neighborship li IITHEN Bolivia fell prey not long ago to influences which I seemed to move her government still nearer to the axis side in this war one United States senator offered the observation that this in itself was proof Ithat our good neighborship policy is a failure Thats one way of r looking at the matter I wonder if its the right way Lets see First we must decide whom we are trying to make friends of in Latin America under our good i neighborship policy Is it to be li the governments down there many L1 ofthem of a fascist nature Or is it the people of Latin America The rule Im quite sure has been to make our play for the people rather than for the governments in situations where there had to be a choice And I rather think that in the longrun well dis cover that this was the wise course In Argentina if we had been willing to pay the price we could have had the temporary friend apparent than real of Pj the Castillo government which came into power by fraudu lent election If we hod been will ing to sell out at Buenos Aires as Neville Chamberlain did at Mu nich our spokpsmen could have come home with the Argentine governments blessing All they would have had lo do was agree to cut Argentina in on our lendlease program help her build up her army navy and aii force and recognize Argentina as bellwether of South America That would have been the mini mum requirements of the and deal is what it would h a v e been In the final payoff it would have proved no more satis factory than the Munich deal THE same approach we no doubt could have made our influence felt in Bolivia It would have meant playing the fascist oe ofcourse and lining up I atgainstthose rwith an interest in popularfront democratic govern mentIn Bolivia as in Argentina and too many other Latin Ameri can countries he who has control of the army just automatically has the government itself When theres a bloodless coup as there ivas in Bolivia you can rest as sured that the reins of government are merely being handed over by one little group of fascists lo an other little group of fascists Thats exactly what happened in Bolivia Japs Relieve Army an RALLIED TROOPS Navy Chiefs of Posts NIPPON ADMITS HEAVY LOSSES INTRUKATTACK Sweeping Shakeup Seems Direct Result of U S Raid on Isle Bastion X e uYork Tokyo radio acknowledged Monday that Japan had suffered heavy losses in the American altack on her great naval base at Truk and an nounced simultaneously that both the chiefs of the Japanese army and navy general staffs had been relieved of their posts Premier Gen ilideki Tojo a broadcast said has personally as sumed the role of chief of the army general staff in a sweeping shakeup that seemed to be a di rect result of the American as sault described earlier by Ad mirat Chester Nimitz com manderinchief of the Pacific fleet as partial settlement for the sneak altack ou Pearl Har bor In a short wave broadcast to the United States the Tokyo radio quoted an imperial headquarters communique as acknowledging the attack ou Truk had cost the Japanese 2 cruisers 3 destroyers 13 transports and 120 planes Another broadcast quoted an announcement of the navy min istry as saying that Fleet Admiral Osami Nagano chief of the Japa BoostSought in Japanese Morale London changes in the Japanese military and nava high commands announced Mon day by Tokyo were regarded by diplomats here as an effort to take away all power from mili tary figures not ill the an admission that things are not going so the Nipponese war machine The emperors name was believed used in be an nouncement to give weight to the shakeup and to try to bolster morale in the face of Japanese losses nese navys general staff had been relieved of his post The announcement added that Em ose Posts After Yonks Raid Truk H1LE some Im not denying that mistakes have been W made in the working out of our good neighborship policy I am strongly of the opinion that the overall approach has been cor iect It has been aimed at elevat ing the lot of the common man it has not been concerned with ap reasing governments which obvi ously are primarily concerned with holding down that common man That it has worked is evi denced by the fact that whereas recently as 15 years ago the United States was the most un popular nation in the world with South Americans it now stacks up at the top The one and 9nly thing that has haiijiened to bring this aboutis goodneighborship In judging the situation in Ar gentina its well to have in mind one or two guiding principles Kamircz the present dictator and Castillo before him had no par ticular love for Hitler V Tojo as personalities Its just that they held power in exactly the same way as Hitler and Tojo They ere rotten apples out of the same barrel They realized that if dc jnocracy should come to Argen tina they would automatically go Democracy has no place for either fraudulent elections or the as sumption of power by phony coup detat Another premise of our neighborship policy is that sutj a complete separation between government and popular opinion las now exists in Argentina or in for that matter cannot endure Some not distant day a iji e increasingly preponderant for democracy in the coun rank and file citizenship will sotn out in a real government not the kind of count Afeit revolution which replaced Castillo with Ramirez Thats an already long overdue It could happen almost any day now P TO THIS Latin Amer I I V ica has revolved in Europes cco ica particularly South Amer orbit She has produced materials for Europes needs Jind received in return a certain limited amount of manufactured processed materials Except for limited items coffee choco Jatc and bananas principally with the United States been limited for the reason we ourselves have produced n abundance the very things that South America could send us I havent needed South Americas Turn to Page 2 peror Hirohito had named Ad miral Shigetaro Shimada navy minister to serve concurrently as chief of the naval general staff At the same time the Tokyo radio said the Japanese war min istry announced that Field Mar shal Gen Sugiyama had been re lieved of his post as chief of the army general staff and that Pre mier Hideki Tojo himself had taken over the job The communique announcing the Japanese naval losses at Truk acknowledged that in addition some damages were incurrei among the land installations Domei official Japanese news agency said that Emperor Hiro hito had personally installed Pre mier Tojo in his new post as army chief of staff Tojo also has been serving as war minister head o the munitions industry minister of commerce and industry and minister of education Domei also announced that Gen Atsushi Ushiroku had been ap pointed vicechief of the arm general staff concurrently as suming the post of war council lor Lt Gen Shojiro lida was named commanderinchicf of army central district headquar ters the news agency added Nagano a former secretary o the navy and excommander the combined Japanese fleel often asserted that Japan mus build more warships or th United States would outdistanc her He was a delegate to th international naval conference a London in 193536 from whicr Japan announced her withdrawn on Jan 15 1936 Nagano de clared at the outset that Japan could not accept qualitative nava limitations without a quantitativ agreement Nagano was sent to Washington as naval attache in 1913 an while in the United States wen to Boston to study English II visited New York with naval ca dels in A former roandcr of the Yokosuka nava base and an exmember of th supreme war council he declare in 1937 that Japan hoped the Pa nay accident might serve t improve U SJapanesc relations Sugiyama had held the posts of inspector general of militar education minister of war mem ber of the supreme war counci and supreme commander o Japanese forces in north China In 1937 he accused the worli powers of preaching justice am sending dumdum bullets t Chinaand asserted in 1938 tha Japan must prepare for r wars In 1939 he charged tha Britain had forfeited her rights a a neutral in China by aiding Chi ang KaiShek GENERAL SUGIYAMA FR TO VETO TAX 19 Ships and 201 Airplanes Lost by Japs U S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Pearl Harbor Japanese ships sunk at least 201 planes destroyed and terrific dam age to land installations was the score Monday in the United States Pacific fleet raid on Truk the enemys primary base in the cen tral Pacific Adm Chester NimiU com mander of the fleet told the story of the destruction wrought by car rier planes in the raid Wednesday and Thursday and called it partial settlement of the debt owed Japan for the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor Nimltz made no mention of troop landings at Truk as the Tokyo radio had announced but he said his airmen sank the following ships Two light cruisers 3 destroyers 1 ammunition ship 1 seaplane ten der 2 oilers 2 gunboats and 8 cargo ships One cruiser or large destroyer 2 oilers and 4 cargo ships were listed as probably sunk American flyers shot down 127 enemy aircraft in combat and de stroyed 74 more on the ground More than 50 additional Japanese planes were damaged before they could lake to the air The attackers paid far this with only 17 planes lost and moderate damage to one surface ship which Nimitz did not identify There was no air opposition the second day of the attack Nimilz said This testified to the great strength aud accuracy of the first day attack which eliminated the enemys airforce from action also hinted at the great dam age that must have been done to the drydock and ship repair yards air strips gun positions supply dumps and other installations of the big base under blows deliv ered without any enemy iilane in the sky to dispute the attack Shore facilities on the prin cipal islands including airdrome GAIN AS NAZIS FAIL IN ATTACK 18 German Divisions Are Now Reported Fighting in Italy Allied Headquarters Naples and British forces have stopped a supreme effort by denselypacked German troops to wipe out the Anzio beachhead and have thrown the enemy back 2 miles toward Carroceto allied headquarters announced Monday The nazi steamroller advance aimed down the Anziatc highway last Wednesday Anzio the core of allied beach head was halted only after all Clements of allied power were called into play during 48 hours of the most intense period of the fightin Our effort was very assisted by magnificent greatly support assault in re Rayburn Says President Will Be Sustained Washington Ray burn said Monday President Roosevelt send to congress Tuesday a message veto ing the new tax bill The veto will be sustained Ray burn asserted The speaker expressed what he called his opinion to newspaper men after a conference at the white house attended by congres sional democratic leaders Some of the leaders urged the president not to veto the tax bill However Mr Roosevelt has termed the new revenue measure unrealistic It provides for about onefifth the 510500000000 asked by the administration 12 Write That They Think U S Income Tax Forms Not Bad at AH Washington treasury has 12 letters from people who think the income tax forms are not bad at all One from Daven port Iowa says am just an ordinary person yet for an aver age being the making of the re turn not so bad My only reason for writing you is to say that I dont think you deserve the abuse Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobcGaietle carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST City Cloudy Monday night lowest temperature in Mason City 20 Tuesday cloudy and colder with snow flurries Iowa Increasing cloudiness and warmer Monday night Tuesday cloudy with rain or snow Minnesota Mostly cloudy Snow flurries and colder north por tion Monday night Tuesday cloudy with occasional liglit snow colder except southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 41 Minimum Sunday night 14 At 8 a m Monday 17 YEAR AGO 44 Minimum 20 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 29 Minimum Saturday night 4 At 8 a m Sunday 6 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 32 thoroughly bombed arid strafed the communique said The admirals statement that the attack was only partial settle ment for the Pearl Harbor debt indicated he had other plans to be put into effect before he con siders the debt paid The Japanese during the one hour and 55minute aerial ham mering given Pearl Harbor Dec 7 1341 put 18 American war ships out of action including 8 battleships destroyed 177 army and navy planes and the killed wounded and missing totaled more than 3000 But of these 8 American bat tleships only one the Arizona was a lotal loss and several of the others hit that clay ma3r have been among the big ships which protected the carriers on the Truk raid Naval units ill the attack were commanded by Rear Adm Marc A Mitscher who commanded the aircraft carrier Hornet from which IVIaj Gen Jimmy Doolil tles planes were launched for the attack on Tokyo April IS 1942 The whole operation was under the direction of Vice Adm R A Spruancc veteran of carrier fleet actions in the south Pacific and participant in the battle of Mid way June 4 1942 Absence of reference lo heavier Japancse warships caught under American bombs indicated that the enemy had removed his car riers and battleships from the la goon perhaps suspecting the at lack was coming given by allied naval unils allied air formations and both British and American artillery the com munique said The German offensive reached ils peak before dawn Saturday Then American lanks and infan try under the cover of a heavy irtillery barrage began smashing forward at a m and was still rolling ahead Sunday The intensity ot the enemy ef forts was demonstrated by the appearance of elements of 5 regi ments within one 1000yard area Six enemy divisions threw theii entire strength into the Three others were held serve An allied spokesman announced the Germans steadily swelling their armies in Italy now have 18 divisions involved in the Italian actions i Nine of these facing the beachhead it ivas announced are grouped under the llth Germar army commanded by Gen Eber liard Von Mackensen last re ported on the Russian front He is the son of the world war gen eral The bulk of the remaining divi sions slaud on the main 5th army front behind the Cassino defenses They comprise the 10th army un der Gen Heinrieh Von Vieting hof Both armies still ure under Field Marshal Albert Kesselring Throwing everything they could muster into a mighty southward stab to split the allied beachhead forces the Germans had managed to punch some 4000 yards below NO in 4th Great Aerial Blow in 36 Hours Blasts Germany Carroceto before was hurled back their advance 3200 Iowa Veterans of World War U Are Given Employment Des Moines veterans employment division of the U S employment service has placed approximately 3200 Iowa vet erans of World war II in jobs since July 1 John HQuigley speaker at an American Legion conference reported All veterans in Iowa today who are willing and able to work can have i job in the war effort he said More than 650 Legion comman ders adjutailts and service offi cers attended the at which problems connected with service men and women were discussed Announcement was made that Aug 21 22 and 231 had keen set as the dates for the state Legion convention which will be held at Sioux City Principal guest at the meeting Warren H Athcrton of Stockton Cal national comman der who said in an interview that he did not believe the men now overseas would be restless and unsettled upon their return I know the boys arc thinking about their future he asserted i talked to them in North Africa They are coming back with the intention of trying get ahead Their casualties were heavy the dead piling up in great numbers hundreds being wounded and at least 700 falling prisoner Some of those captured said one German regiment alone had lost GO per cent of its strength Allied air operations Sunday were devoted almost exclusively to attacks on the broken German beachhead lines F u u rengincd heavy bombers again joined med ium and light bombers in bombing and shooting up enemy concentra tions The allies sent 900 sorties into the air Ihe Germans sent up an estimated 100 and the sky baltlcs and attacks on both sides of the beachhead ground battle lines were rapidly rising to a record peak when the weather limited further forays Three allied aircraft were lost and and at least 4 German planes were shot down No major developments oc curred Sunday in the fifth armys Cassino front although French forces repulsed an enemy raid uorthcust of Tcrellc American troops held fast to their positions in Cassino itself Patrols were ac tive on the eighth army front The climax of the beachhead struggle came Saturday when Uie German offensive bogged down and massed American tanks and troops and British infantrymen jumped off with a counterpunch which sent the nazis reeling The fifth army which had been bracing for a nazi blow for weeks had held its counterattack for just the lime when the enemy had passed his peak As a result the Germans were able to musler but one small at tack after having used engineers reconnaissance units and antiair craft gunners as infantry support in their previous efforts 9 Planes Make Forced Landings m Denmark Stockholm Wi At least 9 planes made forced landings or crashed in Denmark Sunday Copenhagen dispatches to the Swedish press said Monday The nationality of the aircraft was not given The planes possibly included some American aircraft that par ticipated in Sundays gigantic op erations against Germany REPORT TRANSPORT SUNK London The Vichy radio reported Monday without con firmation that an American trans port had been sunk between Tar anlo and Brindisi Italy by the explosion ot a bomb hidden in the hull SPEAKS IN L Willkie is shown above speaking at a press conference In Des Moines Sunday More than 250 jammed the hotel headquarters to see the GOP leader Attending the press conference in addition to many editors and reporters were state representatives and senators a tavern owner a fight promoter 3 sailors a WAC Legionnaires and several lawyers Willkie Leaves After Busy Day and Half in Des Moines Des lowavsupport ers of Wendell Willkies candidacy for the republican presidential nomination Monday took stock of the results of his weekend visit to DCS Moines and began laying plnns for his return to the state oon Ralph Cake of Portland Ore manager of Willkies pveconven tion campaign said the candidate undoubtedly would be back in Iowa before the Chicago conven tion which opens June 20 but that he would not return in March as announced last week One of Willkies Iowa advisers said he probably would be back in April Present plans tall for him to campaign In Wisconsin late in March and then spend a few days in Nebraska about April 1 in advance of the Nebraska pri maries which arc April 11 The candidate left Sunday night for New York afler a busy diy and a half here in which he dined with state and county party work ers and state officials and ap peared at a public reception at which he was kept standing more than an hour to meet the crowd which had assembled to shake hands with him Between his scheduled appear ances Willkie talked lo numerous individuals and small groups who had asked for appointments and made two impromptu appearances before American Legion groups He is a veteran of World war 1J and was commander of an Ameri can Legion post for 2 years He stopped here on his way back to New York from a speak ing tour which had taken him through the Pacific northwest and down to San Francisco Im convinced from my talks with you that there are some mis conceptions about political think ing in republican states such as Iowa he told Iowa editors at his press conference I have not talked lo a single republican in Iowa who has any notion that if the republican party is returned to national power in 1944 it would revert cilher to nar row nationalism economic tory ism or abandonment of social ad i vances He asserted Hint the parly which attracts the independent voters numbering 40 per cent of the total in some key states wili win in 1844 These independent voters are anxious to turn to the republican party Theyre tired of the pres ent leadership in Washington that has become cynical and has fallen in love with power for pow ers own sake Theyre wondering if Ihe republican party will be the unified effective political instru mentality for the new leadership they crave I believe the republican party can achieve cohesive and effec tive leadership because of 3 bases on we can build Willkie continued First have the forward looking view I find among Iowa party leaders who have none of those negative qualities whicr disturb the independent voters Second we have the 2fi states with republican governors who are administering their states with skill and financial integrity Third we have the gains mad in the number or seats held 03 republicans in both the house ar Ihe senate in congress At the stale conlcience of American Legion post comman ders J Ray Murphy a democrat now of New Pork but formerly o Ida Grove nncl past nationa commander of the Legion intro duced Willkie as a great Ameri can who saw active service 191718 Willkie told Ihe Legionnaires that the soldiers in this war have the same spirit of commaniderie the same humor and they do the same crabbing as we did I hope those in charge of t American Legion activities will i draw these boys into the fold so that Ihe combined forces of the American Legion representing our generation and theirs will be strengthened lo continue to fur nish leadership in American thought LARGE ARMADA MAKES BIG DAY ASSAULT AGAIN Heavy Toll Taken of Nazi Fighters Plants Stuttgart Leipzig Hit London tPf U S fortresses and liberators dealt the nazi lomefront its 4lh greal aerial blow in 31i hours by bombarding northwest Germany Monday a euhours utter the RAF had lammered Stuttgart on the south vest border Mondays American force was officially announced as approxi mating the size of the record 2000planc armada which struck Leipzig and other key German centers Sunday attesting the U S lirforces growing strength The bomber section probably again approached the 1000pIanc figure with ail additional thou sand escorting ably he 8th air forces impressive array of Ihunderbolts lightnings ind mustangs backed up by RAF ipitfircs The exact target was not an nounced immediately At the same time U S ma rauder bombers hit the Cpxyde airbase in Belgium Gen H H Arnold chief of army airforces declared a 4th of German fighter production was knocked out in the Sunday attack officially described as the greatest daylight air operation in history A count Monday showed 126 enemy planes were shot down Sunday The latest announcement said only that military installations were hit in northwest Germany The rmuauders and RAF tnos quitos jabbed into northern Frvmcb and Belgium without loss Willkie Waves to Group at Station A it was scarcely that Wendell L Willkie was ac corded the 25 or 30 persons who came lo tlie Rock Island and Great Western station in Mason City Saturday afternoon with the expectation of seeing or hearing the candidate for the republican nomination when the Rocket made its short stop Just as the train had got n good start out Willkie appeared in the vestibule of the parlor car and with his charac teristic broad smile waved at the crowd It was Willkies first visit o Mason City but as far as the event was concerned thats all there was to it there isnt more A party of al least a dozen Ma son Cityans had the opportunity of greeting Willkie in DCS Moines Saturday night and Sunday These Mason Cityans included James Irons county central com mittee chairman Herman M Knudson representative in the W L Bliss Harvey 1 Bryant Roy Roberts John Senneff L P Loomis Clar ence Buirets Enoch A Norcm and B A Webster Riilph Lloyd Jones and tfie halt dozen locsil Legiopnarires who heard Mr Willkie when lie addressed Ihc Legion conference any STEWART ON RAID Ixmdon UP Major Jimmy Stewart former motion picture actor led his liberator squadron in Sundays American daylight raid over Germany He said on his return that there was nothing on the mission worthy of report ing day lo important nazi fighter plants at Leipzig Brunswick and Bernberg the air force announced after a study of reconnaissance photographs The 2 main Messerschmitt 109 fighter assembly buildings at LeJpzigMockau were severely damaged by direct hits 2 hangars at an adjacent airport were dam aged and a parts plant at Lcipzig Heiterblick was set afire These 2 Leipzig factories arc the essential part of a production complex that produced more than half of Germanys Messerschmitt 109s since the 2 other principal ME109 production centers al Regensburg and Wiener Neusladt were attacked by American air force bombers the announcement said The tremendous American fleets including 1000 or more flying fortresses and liberators plus fishier support hit at 7 Ger man aircraft center cities and struck also it military installa tions in Rostock on Germanys Bailie coast in a deep westward plunge Sixtyfive nazi fighters were downed by gunners aboard the 4 engined bombers and 61 fell to escorting fighters a U S head quarters communique declared Monday American losses were 21 bomb ers 3 fighters 2 under the first announced casualties of 22 bombers and 4 escorts the bul letin added The Hilvcrsum radio in Holland went off the air Monday indi cating a daylight renewal of the air offensive The American humucrs also were reported to have hit Poscn in Poland site of a FockeWulf 190 purls plant in the Sunday offcnsivc but U S headquarters declined comment A blow at Posen would represent a 1500 mileroundtrip An air ministry communique said the attack on Stuttgart was in great strength and that in tense fires were left burning among factories of the city to ward the end of the raid when clouds lifted and left a clear tar get tor thousands of tons of ex plosives The main RAF forces attack on Stuttgart last attacked on Nov 26 was masked by a mosquito feint at the mizi party slirine of Munich 100 miles to the southeast ind the British loss in the nights stabs including operations against other objectives in occupied ter ritory and extensive mine laying limited lo 10 aircraft This loss was in marked con Irast to the Saturday night blow at Leipzig when 79 of the heavy British bombers failed to come back as a result of enemy action and icing conditions These manifold assaults lifted the air war against invasion Buy Mar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlnneGazcllc carrier boy threatened Germany lo a new pitch in a week end highlighted by the manypronged American blow Sunday described officially as the largest most important and most hazardous operation ;