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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 20, 1947, Mason City, Iowa ANS ARCHIVES MQIHE3 IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS SOittEDlTWESfCOAST BLAST HOUSE PASSES LETHAL GAS USE IN EXECUTIONS Iowa Representatives Refuse to Abolish Capital Punishment Des Moines refusing to abolish capital punishment in Iowa the house voted 63 to 33 Thursday to substitute death by lethal gas for hanging as the meth od of execution in Iowa Preceding the vote of the use of lethal gas for execution the house defeated 80 to 22 a substitute pro posal to abolish capital punish ment in the state Seven house members spoke in favor of capital punishment and 5 against it The chief arguments against capital punishment were Execu tion is an uncivilized thing and only the rich can hire good enough lawyers to prevent them from be ing executed in murder cases Those who argued for capital punishment said the fear of death helps prevent crimes of violence jj The bill to change Iowas meth I od of capital punishment from i hanging to death by lethal gas was offered by Harold F Lum i Nelson RSiOux However Norman Norland DKensett of fered the amendment by which he sought to change the bill so as to prohibit capital purishment and make a life sentence a maximum i penalty Norland aid the Nelson offered a miserable choice He continued bill We should do away with capi tal punishment once and for all Anyone with wealth can escape The poor are singled out and sac rificed They often are victims of t slums and lack of education Some of those executed in Iowa 3 couldnt read nor write Liquor i has been pushed under the noses I of those people and often is a j very definite influence i Lets put Iowa in line with civilized states and not take the I lives of the unfortunate Lets do j away with legal murder J Rep W R Fimmen RBloom 1 field opposing Norland said j If we shouldnt execute the j nazi hoodlums the United Nations i would be going backward Lets J not forget the family of the man I killed He also referred to an escape from the Anamosa reformatory several years ago when several inmates took two guards as hos tages Some of the inmates wanted to kill the guards But one said No The only thing I have left is life and if we kill our lives will British Plan to Release India in 1948 London UR Prime Minister Clement R Attlee told the house of commons Thursday that the government intends to hand India over to the Indians not later than June 1948 Attlee told the house that Vic eroy Viscount Wavcll has resigned anfl that Lord Louis Mcuntbatten wartime chief of the southeast Asia command has been named to succeed him Attlee said Mountbatten would take over in March An earldom has been conferred on Wavell he said Mountbatten will remain on the active list of the royal navy in keeping with his wishes to pre serve his seniority It will be Mountbattens task said Attlee to accomplish the transfer of India to the Indians and achieve the establishment of an Indian constitutional regime The present state of affairs in India Attlee said is fraught with danger and cannot be allowed to be prolonged indefinitely His majestys government he said wish to make it clear that it is their definite intention to take the neccsary steps to effect the transference of power into re sponsible Indian hands by a date not later than June 1948 Attlee said that the British gov ernment agreed to recommend to p a r 1 i a ment a constitution worked out in accordance with the cabinet missions proposals by a fully representative constitu ent assembly If it should appear that such a constitution will not have been reached by such an assembly be fore June 1948 the government would have to consider to whom the powers of the central govern ment in British India should be handed over to on the due late Attlee revealed that Britain did PRESIDENT TO ASK UNIVERSAL PLAN Truman Says Extension of Draft Law Still Under Consideration Washington Tru man said Thursday he will send a message to congress advocating universal training as soon as his committee has completed an in quiry Mr Truman at the same time told a news conference the ques tion of a message dealing with extension of the draft was still under consideration He made this comment when a reporter said there was a report around the war department there would be no request for drafting authority The present draft law will ex pire March 31 unless there is a request for an extension and con gress takes action Dr Karl E Compton president of Massachusetts Technology heads not propose automatically to yield its paramount powers in the In dian princely states to the pro posed new Indian government The Indian principalities comprise about onefifth of India and are ruled directly by the Indian princes although Britain has par amount power over all of them He said the government would introduce legislation in due course to give effect to the transfer of power from Britain to an Indian government be taken spared The guards were The life of a guard wouldnt be worth anything if we away execution took HOTFOOT Cleveland Ida Mae Hill tried a home remedy for arthritis Thursday and ended up with what she believed was the worlds hottest hot foot She was soaking her feet in a mixture of naphtha and moth balls when it exploded AVERT WALKOUT OF OIL WORKERS CIO and Companies Reach Pay Agreement Los Angeles threatened strike of CIO union oil workers in 5 western states set for 10 a m Pacific time Thursday was averted when company and union representatives reached a tenta tive wage agreement less than 3 hours before the deadline The agreement subject to ratifi cation by the union membership was accepted for the union by O A Knight international president of the CIO oil workers He prom ised it would be presented to the Institute of a committee which is making a study of uni versal training for Mr Truman but its report is not expected to be ready before some time in April The armed services have been reported favoring congressional action to establish some form of universal training in preference to requesting an extension of the draft law The president in response to one question said that he would send a message to congress soon on universal training Mr Truman said he still is for universal training In response to another question he said he had been for it since 1905 He added that he went into training himself as a national guardsman when he was 21 President Truman also predict ed the confirmation of David E Lilienthal as chairman of the atomic energy commission Questioned by a reporter about the fight on Lilienthal in the sen ate Mr Truman told his news conference he still is behind his nominee 100 per cent and thinks he will be confirmed Wirephoto TAPPER SHOWS HOW ITS DONE No pampered spoiled feline is Tapper pet of the firemen of Boston Mass Here he conies down the Maurice Downey Tappers trainer and pal looks on Bevin Blames U S Jewry for Failure London Minister Ernest Bevin blames American Jewry for the British failure to solve the Palestine problem con servative newspapers reported Thursday Bevin was said to have lashed out at American Jews during a caucus of laborite members of par liament The Evening Standard quoted Bevin as saying that If I had only had to deal with British Jewry I could have reached a temporary solution which would Beer Bill Opponents Attack Part for City Council Power Wet Forces Lose 1 st Skirmish in Attempt to Sidetrack Measure DCS Moines oppon ents of the dry beer bil launched an attack Thursday on one of its major which would give city and town councils the right to determine whether beer should be sold in their communities After several weeks of delay Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Thurs day night with lowest temper ature about zero Friday in creasing cloudiness with no im portant temperature trend Iowa Fair and colder Thursday night Friday fair in east in creasing cloudiness west with snow by night in extreme west Slowly rising temperature ex treme west Low Thursday nightzero north to 8 above in south High Friday 18 north to 24 south Minnesota Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday except a light snow in extreme west portion late Friday afternoon or night Colder extreme east and in the Red River valley Thursday night Slowly rising that meanwhile the strike was suspended Frank E Wenig chairman of the federal conciliation panel which has been in session with company and union represent atives for several days said the wage proposal of the Standard Oil company tentatively accepted by the union provides for An increase of 10 cents an hour in base pay plus a provisional cost of living increase of monthly effective from Jan 1 1947 to Dec 31 1947 with the provision that after Sept 1 either party may reopen the matter of wages years 20 temperature Friday west portion extreme IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 21 Minimum 13 At 8 a m Thursday 13 Precipitation 05 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum H BLAST PIPELINE IN PALESTINE Jerusalem official an nouncement said the vital Iraq Petroleum company pipeline had been blown up and cut in 2 places near Haifa early Thursday The communique said the blasts at 3 a m severed the line at the village of Indur near Afuleh in the Haifa area and near the Con solidated Refineries Ltd on Haifa bay Pipelines of the Iraq Petroleum company an international group run approximately 800 miles from an oilfield at Kirkukk in north eastern Iraq through Transjordan to Haifa One part of the line During this time Bevin re portedly argued a permanent ar rangement could have been made The Evening News said Bevin referred specifically to American Jews dangerous influence Labor party sources declined to comment on the reports in the conservative press The newspapers said Bevin blamed American Jews while answering criticism from his fel lowlaborites The Standard re ported that Michael Foot said Bevin in referring the Palestine question to the United Nations lias filed his petition in political bankruptcy Another laborile John Paton reportedly accused Bevin of ab dicating Britains responsibility for operating the Palestine man date branches off to Tripoli in banon Le Earlier there were other re ports of violence in the Holy Land and the Jewish and Arab press both attacked the recently an nounced British plan to toss the whole Palestine problem into the lap of the United Nations Only 24 per cent of the petro leum produced in the United States is used for lubricants the measure was called up for de bate at the request of Senator E J Lucas RMadrid one of 32 senators who had signed it when it was introduced Wet forces under leadership of Senator George Faul RDes Moines lost the first skirmish when they were voted down 28 to 22 on a move to sidetrack the bill Seven of the original signers switched ranks to vote with the minority for further delay Senator E K Bekman ROt tumwa acted as spokesmen for friends of the bill He immediate ly became involved in an argu ment with Faul over a section placing local option powers in the hands of the city governing bodies Faul contended that if there was to be any action in a community to permit or prohibit the sale of beer it should be taken by direct vote of the people Bekman replied that city coun cils were elective representatives of the people and were proprly qualifid to speak for Senator John P Berg RCedar Falls saidhe had a large stack of petitions against the measure and that many of them came from representatives of the Womens Christian Temperance union who favored local option directly in the hands of the voters Under this bill Berg said you will divide the lines again as it used to be in days longpast when wet and dry fights deter mined who was to be elected to city councils Lucas declared that in the de bate on the council local option plan senators were getting very near to questioning our represent ative form of government Senator Robert A Rockhill R Marshalltown argued that the people didnt have anything to do with enactment of the original Iowa beer law in 1943 but Sena tor Frank C Bycrs RCedai Rapids declared that before that law was passed the legislature was flooded by petitions from every section of the state favoring it The senate has 14 amendments to dispose of before the bill will reach a vote Colonel Recommended for Promotion After Lichfield Conviction Washington James A Kilian who was convicted b court martial in the Lichfield bru Sality trial has been recommende by the army for promotion i rank the war department sai Thursday Kilian commanded the arm prison camp at Lichfield Englanc during the war and was fined 50 and reprimanded for permittin brutal treatment of GI Prisoners His name is on a promotion lis vhich the war department soo mil send to President Truman fo routine forwarding to the senat or approval The president ha minority to strike names from th ist but rarely has exercised th right The list of some 600 officers rec immends Kilian for promotion i he permanent rank of colonel HI low holds permanent rank o ieutenant colonel and temporary wartime rank of colonel HOUSE GOP WIN 1ST TEST FOR BILLION CUT Republicans Put Over Rule Forbidding Any Resolution Amendments Washington repub licans won the first test Thursday in their drive to cut 000 off President Trumans bud get putting over a rule forbid ding amendments to their econom resolution Democrats shouted gag and czarist rule at the G O P tac tics but republican ranks held firm to put rule The vote by rollcall on strict party lines was 229 to 173 The action came in the face 01 a declaration by Democratic Floor Leader Rayburn of Texas that the Budget slash would help push re uctant millions abroad into the arms of communism Saying You cant cure com munism by making a speech rlayburn declared that millions in China and in Europe were count ng on this nation to provide re ief to keep them from starva ion If we do not help those near starvation he cautioned well push them into the arms of com munism Republicans vigorously denied he contention that the fighting effectiveness of the armed serv ces would be impaired by sub tantial savings in their funds As the house debated President Truman indicated confidence his ludget will eventually come out if the capitol hill scrapping with Ut a trimming The president said he would give his views in no uncertain erms if congress should decide hat any savings through budget utting should be used to cut taxes ather than reduce the national ebt Mr Truman has declared in the ast that his bud et is rockbottom for safe opera ons by the government The president also told the re Senate Group Favors Ban on Portal Claims Washington senate ju diciary subcommittee Thursda approved legislation outlawin portaltoportal back pay claim except those covered by agree ments between employers and em ployes The bill was sent to the full ju diciary committee whose chair man Senator Wiley RWis prc dieted it would be approved nci Monday It is possible Wiley said tha the senate may be ready to tak it up on the floor by the end o next week The republican leader ship has given the legislation th right of way The bill would ban future a well as existing claims for porta back pay which now total nearl Contracts providin for such pay would be exempt Portaltoportal time as define in the bill covers activities occur ring outside the regular workin hours Thus nonproductive activities as walk ing to the work bench and waitin in line for pay checks The back pay suits sprang ut after a supreme court decision las year which held that an employe is liable under the wagehour ac for nonproductive time which h controls whether or not it in volvcs actual labor The subcommittee agrecinj unanimously declared It is in the national publii nterest essential to national de ense and necessary to aid anc Jrotect commerce that the wagi lour act be amended to knock ou the portal suits would exclude sue orters he is not convinced tha IP A will have to die The house has voted to reca 9000000 of earlier appropriation or OPA and officials of the agen y say this would virtually kill i he senate has not yet approve ie recall and if it does Mr Tru man could veto the measure if h wished If vetoed it would be ome effective only if approve y twothirds votes in both nous nd senate Fined for Dinner Chelmsford Eng Arthur Walter Andrews was finec Thursday for giving a 5 course banquet In celebration of his inauguration last November Regulations limit British meals to 3 courses Hermit Lashes Painted Women Paper Money i TO Washington E Gimlett the 82 year old selfstyled hermit of Arbor Villa Colo is in Wash ington again to crusade against his 2 pet money and modern women The bewhiskcred hermit hoped to tell the house ways and means committee of the evils of infla tion and paper dollars And he was willing to tell any listener about the evils of the painted artificial pcroxided modern woman Gimlett prefers his women in anklelength skirts In the good old days he said a pretty ankle instead of a leg made a mans heart miss a beat The hermit acknowledged sad ly that he didnt seem able to get congress interested in legislation to make womens skirts at least a foot longer than present hemlines Some of his most powerful op position in the past came from former Rep Clare Booth Luce R Conn but he likes her just the same Unlike most hermits Gimlett is married but he refused to state how successful he has been in converting Mrs Gimlett to his views In his oneshack town of Arbor Villa the hermit broods a lot over he use of paper money Even Coloradoans who migrate to the j east fall into the use of this 2nd grade stuff he said Gimlett makes a visit to the nations capital annually to cru sade against the use of paper money This year he warns that inflation has reduced the value of the dollar to 6 cents In 1880 the dollar was worth 100 cents ac cording to the old prospector He contends the only way to curb inflation is to stop huge gov ernment spending return to the use of gold and silver currency what good is gold buried in the ground he and system atically deflate prices so that the dollar will again be worth 100 AIRLINER MAKES SAFE LANDING Flies to Casablanca With Motor Burned Out Paris UR Eleven passenger and 6 crew members of an Aii France plane were reported saf in Casablanca Thursday after a harrowing 400mile flight over the Atlantic ocean in a cripplec air liner The trouble developed after the 4engined Constellation left the Azores on the last leg of a New YorktoParis flight The plane flashed an SOS after fire burned out one right motor Trouble later developed in the 2nd right motor and the Air Trance plane began to lose alti tude Thecargo including 40000 opies of recentlysigned satel ite peace treaties printed in the United States was jettisoned The plane began ot rise again and ventured away from the vi cinity 2 freighters which vol unteered to stand by in case the craft went down in the Atlantic When the plane arrived over the Casablanca airport the undercar failed to work properly and he ship circled several times be ore landing according to infor mation reaching the air line in Lisbon While oak wood used for whis y barrels leaks less through its ores than red oak or chestnut vood SAME DATE flag means no traffic death In past 21 hour PRICE IS NAMED TO UN POSITION Appointed Assistant SecretaryGeneral Lake Success N Y on Price director of the wartime iffice censorship will assume ds new duties as assistant sccre arygeneral of the United Na tions for administrative and finan cial affairs in about a month it was reported Thursday The 55yearold former execu tive news editor of the Associated Press was appointed to the UN post Wednesday by Trygve Lie secretary general He succeeds John B Hutson who resigned He was enroute to Hollywood Thursday to wind up his duties as chairman of the board of the Mo tion Picture Producers and Dis tributors association a post he has held since 1945 Price reportedly received annually from the motion picture industry His new post will pay him plus expenses all tax free Russia Offers Atomic Plant Control Plan Lake Success IV7 Y Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko said Thursday that Rus sia would let an international au thority supervise and manage atomic energy plants in the Soviet Union Gromyko also cleared away doubts that Russias latest propos als for world atomic controls were aimed at restricting international atomic inspection supervision and management to only plants which exist at the time a world atomic reaty is signed Such a restriction which was in one of Gromykos 12 pro posed amendments to the Ameri can plan would in effect limit the proposed world atomic policing to American plants at Oak Ridge Tenn and Hanford Wash The clarification strengthened a telief in UN circles that the latest Soviet move brought the United States and Russia much closer to other on the question of how to larness atomic energy for the enefit of mankind They agreed however that big aps still existed because of Kus ias refusal to give up the veto ver atomic punishment its de mand for a first step treaty out awing atomic bombs and its ap arcnt reluctance to agree to all he American proposals for peace ime development of nuclear pow r Sir Alexander Cadogan of Brit in was expected to cite the grow ng area of agreement when the JN security council meets Thurs ay afternoon for more debate on ie atomic problem Cadogan British sources said spearhead a drive by several ecurity council members to shelve oints of contraversy for a while id crystalizc the large measure agreement between the Amcri an and Russian viewpoints FEAR 300 HURT BY EXPLOSION IN LOS ANGELES Blast Wrecks Area 4 Blocks Square and Heard 15 Miles Away Los least 30 per sons were killed and more than 300 injured police estimated in a violent explosion which destroyed a brick building and several near by structures here Thursday The explosion wrecked an area 4 blocks square and was heard 15 miles away Fire Chief John H Aldcrson said it was the citys worst explo sion A solidlybuilt 6 story building across the street absorbed most of concussion he said prevent ing the blast from leveling the entire block Alderson said some of the bodies were burned so badly it was im possible to determine sex The people inside were almost cooked alive by the terrible heat ic said One of the dead was identified as Frank B Bertrand about 40 At east 1 the victims was a voman The explosion ripped apart the slory brick building housing the OConnor Plating works Authori ies said at least 35 persons were n the building when the explo jon occurred at a m PST The explosion was reported to lave occurred in an acid tank at he OConnor plant There were not enough ambu ances available and police ars their sirens screaming raced o hospitals with the overflow of njured Many of them were pedestrians ut by flying glass or struck by debris As the explosion rumbled across lie city scores of persons rushed rom office buildings in the belief licre had been an earthquake A former sailor who was one e first to reach the devastated uilding said he was knocked to ie g r o u n d The explosions ounded he said like a broadside rom a battleship Mrs Ethel Abraham 23 sleep g in her home adjoining the uilding escaped without harm I was sleeping my bed right ext to the wail when the house eemed to jump off its founda ons she said Then the win ows caved in on my bed I was more frightened than ve ever been in my life I grab ed my 2 babies and ran out of he building A pale veteran whose automo le was hurtled through the air by ic hammering concussion said it worse than anything he saw n combat And I was in the battle for lanila he said My car just ew up into the air and sailed deways Albert S Olson 22 a metal pinner worker directly across the reet said he thought somebody ad dropped an atomic bomb You could almost see the shock ave Things just jumped up into ie air and crumpled up I could hear people screaming the wreckage And I remember taring kind of in the back of my ind the sound of things still lling from the blast They look a long time to get own I ran into the wreckage It asnt a building any more and I ied to help Once when I looked o in the air there was a big futi yshaped cloud It looked like the newsreel pictures of the atomic bomb ex plosion and I thought Oh my God it was an atomic bomb and well all die All the survivors wanted to know what happened 11 Men Admit Part in Lynch Slaying of Negro Greenville S Car R H Bearden announced Thurs day that 11 men had admitted tak ing part in the lynch slaying of Willie Earle 25 year old Negro near here Monday Bearden said a concentrated search was being pushed for the triger man in the case Earle arrested as a suspect in the fatal stabbing of a Green ville taxi driver was taken from the nearby Pickens county jail by n mob estimated at 25 men A short time later his body bearing knife and gunshot wounds was found beside a Greenville county ronci Up to noon Thursday federal state city and county officers working on the case had taken 14 men into custody Nearly 88 per cent of Wyomings cattle population is range stock raised for meat purposes ;