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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Praa and Unitm Prres Full Leased Wires INSIDE WASHINGTON Illegal War Contractor Payments Reach Billions Central Press Capital Staff Washing tou Illegal payments to war contractors more than 3 and onethird billion dollars are charged by Comptroller General Lindsay C Warren the watchdog the treasury Ttfe payments in government funds were made under costplus fixedfee contracts Warren told the house appropriations commit tee Of this huge amount lie stated only has been recov ered by the government by the first of the year leaving 660923 still uncollected Warren denounced the cost plusfixedfee war contracts as the most extravagant and im provident contract from the standpoint of the government that has ever been known The comptroller general de scribed to the committee some the things I saw going promiscuous passing of almost every conceivable kind of expense under costplusfixedfee con tracts by the contracting officer Although virtually all the con tracts are legal they were so completely wide open that you could drive a team of horses through all of them clared Warren de War Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt recently returned from a tour of the French battle fronts Ordinarily it might be ex pected that he would call a news conference immediately to tell about what hes seen abroad But not this time The reason Manpower legislation was the subject of a raging controversy when McNutt got back He knew that the instant he called a press conference reporters would not give a whoop about his European trip They would he properly surmised press him about his ideas on national service laws and McNutt wanted to dodge that hot spot Senator Elbert D Thomas D of Utah newly appointed chair man of the senate military affairs committee may hold the key to the fate of national service legis of what the house does Thomas a strong friend of or ganized labor which is vehem ently opposed to the legislation nas simply played game remaining silent on the contro versy Once the bill gets to the senate Thomas holds the whip One re port has it that he will hold lengthy hearings on the proposal in the hope that the manpower problem will ease and the pres sure for such legislation will col lapse Senator Arthur Capper K of Kansas declares that certain in dividuals are seeking to take the brakes oil wage controls through agitating for an increase in the salaries of congressmen Capper voices the hope that this will not succeed and stresses at the same time that he is not say ing that members of congress are overpaid However he hastens to add that he would consider it un patriotic for congress to grant it self higher salaries in war time Capper adds I note considerable agitation principally from those who want to take the brakes off wage con that means off price controls and finally a high degree of agitation to get congress to open the gates by in creasing its own salaries WPB farm machinery program in did not work out too well Lags of from 20 to 50 per cent be hind schedules on certain types of farm implements were reported during the first half of j944 As a result the national com mittee for farm production sup plies will mail out more than 1 500 questionnaires in the next few weeks When the returns are in the committee will analyze the situation make a report on how the job can be better handled in 1945 TeenAgers Mob Store Selling Saddle Shoes Portland Ore pjOver 450 teenaged bobbysockers mobbed a Portland shoe store trying to reach a shipment of 1000 2tone saddle shoes A nearly trampled executive called police while the store man ager complained I never dreamed it would be like this He said the only advertising done was when he told a couple of customers he would have some saddle shoes around the 19th Frances Langford Given Purple Heart Plaque Hollywood Frances Langford Tuesday be came the first woman and civilian to receive the purple heart plaque Cmdr Cecil H Hill California state head of the military order of the purple heart presented her with a replica of the decoration in recognition of her singing to hos rjitalized war veterans Cents a MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 20 1945 oi TWO SectionsSection One JJO 115 SEIZE SOUTHERN IWO AIRFIELD Nazis SayKonev Through Defense Near Soraa REDS SAY EAST PRUSSIAN LINES NEAR COLLAPSE Russians Concentrate on Cleaning Up Big Encircled Pockets London broadcasts reported Tuesday that Marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army had torn a gap in the Ger man line some 75 miles southeast of Berlin in the bitterly contested sector north of Sorau Berlin reported that German counterblows were setting strong er and were slowing down the red army Berlin also claimed thai at one point in Silesia west of beleaguered Breslau the Rus sians had been edged back an un specified distance The German high command conceded that Konevs forces scored new gains in several sec tors betxveen Sorau between the Sober and Neisse rivers and Guben on the Neisse 28 miles to the northwest Col Ernst von Hammer nazi military commentator who often reflects the information of the high command said that north of Sorau the Germans closed a gap which the enemy had torn in the German barrier line Von Hammer also said that in the southern sector of the Breslau defense belt the Russians had penetrated the fortifications around the Silesian capita but were driven back later The daily German communique said 64 Russian tanks were de stroyed In defensive battle against strong soviet forces compressing the remnants of 200000 troops trapped in East Prussia Soviet dispatches said the Rus sians had captured the main supply base for Koenigsberg and the final defenses of East Prussia were about to collapse The soviet army newspaper Red Star said the base located inside a big forest south of Koenigsberg was taken by units of Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovskys 2nd Russian army Other forces of Rokossovskys army at the same lime pushed around the western end of East Prussia to reach a point within 45 miles of Danzig at the head of the Polish corridor With the Soviets increasing pressure against the Koenigsberg pocket the Germans were re ported throwing panzer units of 15 to 20 tanks into strong coun terattacks in ah attempt to bol ster the shrinking flanks and re tain the last highways to the sea Rokossovsbys thrust up the Po lish corridor further tightened the ring around Grndziadz and brought the fall of Espemverder 45 miles south of Danzig and the rail and road hub of Nowe 10 miles north of Grudziadz Moscow said I h a t some soviet units broke into the outskirts oi Grudziadz where 1500 Germans were killed while 2 other battal ions were practically wiped out in attempting to escape across the Vistula In the central sector of the east ern front Marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army was reported by the Germans to have broken into Guben on the Neisse river 51 miles southeast of Berlin but later driven out The enemy report was not con firmed by Moscow dispatches which said that Konevs forces were maintaining only strong pressure along the 70 mile front The southern wing of the 1st Ukrainians also were tightening the ring around Breslau and at one point were 2 milesTrom the edge of the city The reports indicated Konev was attempting to pull his forces even with the flanks of Gen Gregory K Zhukovs 1st White Russian army oh the Oder river 31 o 43 miles east of Berlin Completion of such a maneuver would give the Soviets a solid 200 mile front from the Baltic sea to Czechoslovakia German resistance was reported strong along the entire front and it appeared the Russians were concentrating now on cleaning up the big encircled pockets such as Koenigsberg Breslau and Posen before attempting new thrusts to ward Berlin and Saxony At the extreme end of the front Moscow aclaiowledged that Mar shal Rpdion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army was set back along the north bank of the Dan ube in the Komarom area north west of Budapest Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Most Entertainment Owners Protest Midnight Curfew Soy Business Will Be Ruined By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A midnight curfew decreed by War Mobilization Director James F Byrnes will go into effect Monday on all bars night clubs road housesa night life public or private from New Yorks carriage trade gay spots to the myriad amuse box places in the nations small towns Byrnes request having the effect of an order and backed by the disciplinary powers of 4 war agencies was directed Monday night to all places of entertain ment Reaction among entertainment leaders ranged from enthusiastic assurances of support to declara tions such as were ruined and predictions speakeasy of a return of the The text of the Washington an nouncement said Director of War Mobilization and Reconversion James F Byrnes announced Tuesday that he is re questing all places of entertain ment to close by 12 oclock mid night each day effective Feb 26 By closing at 12 oclock mid night it is meant that patrons shall leave in time to permit full closing by that time Places of entertainment are In tended to include all night clubs sport arenas theaters dance halls road houses saloons bars and other similar enterprises whether public or private excluding res taurants engaged exclusively in serving food The purpose of Ihts request is primarily lo save coal consumed in heating and in pro viding electricity But it will also be helpful in the fields of trans portation manpower and in other ways Byrnes said he would ask the war manpower commission to deny ceilings to any places vid latifig thisrequest He also saia the war production board1 the of fice of defense transportation and the office of price administration would be asked for support Unofficially it was thought the ODT could act against offenders by preventing delivery of sup plies and by exercising taxicab and bus controls The WPB could cut off power fuel and materials The OPA could halt rations and fuel oil Xoah L Braunstein spokesman for he New York Cafe Owners Guild said the request would re sult in a lot of unemployment and added It will fcea definite invitation Jor the return of the horrors of the speakeasy days William Hopkins president of the Philadelphia Cafe Owners as sociation and vice president tion a dry move We prohibition years ago and we voted it out Byrnes or no Byrnes Im going to operate as usual HannSan President of Illinois Tavern Owners asso ciation said the early closing might mean the difference be tween profit and loss for amuse ment places He suggested that license fees should be reduced be cause of fhc earlier closing hours In Hollywood EarK Conoil a night club owner said I dont see what good it will do Another club owner Herman Hover de clared The musicians are the ones who will be hit hard I think this is just a crack at Music Czar James Petrillo But a preponderance of the re action was favorable following the line of James Hone ol Seattle secretary and board chairman of the independent theater owners of Washington northern Idaho and Alaska who said We will continue lo do all we can lo cooperate in he war ef fort If they asked us lo close at 12 noon we would Congressional comment also varied Senator Taylor I Mr Byrnes order is all right In times like these I dont think people should be running National Tavern associa ud This is not a war move Churchill FDR Confer at Alexandria Washington President Roosevelt conferred with Prime Minister Churchill at Alexandria Egypt after the big 3 meeting and received another pledge of full support in the war against Japan after Germanys defeat In a formal summary of the presidents activities since he left the Yalta meeting on the Black sea Sunday nhite house February 11 said Tuesday the Mr Roosevelt invited General Charles De Gaulle president of the pro visional French government to meet him in Algiers French Mor occo De Gaulle the statement said replied that official business pre vented him from going to Algiers Questions of mutual interest and importance to France and the United States are pending the president said I wanted very much to see the general before leaving for home Upon leaving Livadia palace in the Crimea Mr Roosevelt mo tored along the Black Sea to Sev astopol and spent the night aboard an American navy auxiliary ship The presidents travels also in cluded a conference aboard a United States warship in Great Bitler lake through which the Suez canal King F a r a u k of Egypt American Efryphan relations were discussed Halie Selassie I emperor of Ethiopia was received in the same setting and in this conference the president conversed in French King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia also was receivedby the president with impressive ceremony during the afternoon of the day following the reception of King Farouk and the Ethiopian emperor Algiers was described as the presidents last stopping place abroad before leaving for Wash ington The white house announcement said Secretary of State Stettinius enroute from Moscow to make of ficial calls in Liberia southwest Africa Brazil and then to the in terAmerican conference in Mexi co City was waiting to see the president in Alexandria where he reported on meetings with For eign Commissar Molotov in Mos cow The conferences were de scribed as altogether satisfac tory The conference with Churchill at Alexandria while lasting less than 4 hours was described as permitting new and important discussions of at least one sub ject they could not take up be fore It added That had o do with Japan and the war in the Pacific where sov iet Russia is a neutral power The statement said Churchill told the president In blunt words that his government was determined to throw everything it had at the Japs as soon as Germany has been defeated and meanwhile would do all it could to strengthen its forces already engaged in that conflict J JAPANESE CRINGE AROUND MOTOR TRUCKThree Nips low motor truck being unloaded as a U S navy photographic plane zooms in on a mission over Iwo Jima prior to the Feb 19 invasion of the island in the Volcano group 750 S south of Tokyo At the right can be seen circular concrete forms probably used n piU box con struction by the Japs AP wirephoto from U S navy Canadian Army Clears Goch Patton Takes Wincheringen By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Canadian first army virtually cleared the ruins of Goch fortified Siegfried line road center Tuesday and repelled at least 5 vicious counterattacks which checked gains on the northern wing of the western front At the opposite flank the American 7th army widened its re surgent front inside the RELEASE CONTROL Chicago army has re leased control of 2 units of Mont gomery Ward company proper Saarland and captured 5 towns in a move to within 3 miles and sight ofcihe blackened steel city of Saarbruecken The 7th at least 11 divisions and 155000 men strong was applying increasing pressure in its limited offensive at the fringe of the packed arsenal region In between Lt Gen Georse S Pattons U S 3rd army stormed into Germany at a new point cap turing Winchcrineen a mile across the border east of Luxembourg City and 5 miles from the fortified road hub of Saarhurp The 94th division seized 4 towns alonK a 4mile front between Saarbrueck en and Trier Germanys oldest city and birthplace of Karl Marx The Roer river like he Rhine and Meuse was receding When its flood waters return to banks in the 36 miles from the opened dam gates to Roermond the American first and 9th armies and the British 2nd will be able to strike toward Cologne the Rhineland and the Ruhr Indeed the Germans said the Sth had at tempted a crossing at Linnich where the Boer still was wide and angry When the massed might of the 3 allied armies on the Roer is ap plied the Germans before Cologne Duesseldorf and Duisburc will be squeezed in a vise west of the Rhine ivilh he Canadian as its northern jaw The Scottish troops of tiie Can adian army went with flashing bayonets after the last Germans army resisting in ancient Goch center of 8 military roads and once n town of 13500 After 24 hours of house fighting the whole north ern part of the town was cleared and only a tiny sector of the southern portion was holding out The tattered Germans minus their commander who was cap tured in bed fought among rub bled sheds freight cars and wrecked locotnotives at the south ern fringe of the town The Ger rr mans already were shellingGoch ties which were seized last DeA thousand nazis surrendered Monday boosting the total for the northern campaign above 9000 Scottish forces which drove into Goch from opposite directions joined in the heart of the city Farther east Canadian troops cember Weather Report FORECAST around in the wee small hour I Mason City Partly cloudy Tuesicut he GochCalcar road They should be getting ready toI day night and Wednesday Lowabout 2 miles west of Calcar and get back on the job I Tuesday night about 20 repeated counterattacks Senator Tafe That doesn t make me mad t suppose that its greatest effect will be in New York City Representative Baldwin RN No such curfew is sounded in London or I dont think its necessary here Senator McCarran DKev said the deadline if kept for any length of time would bring the speakeasy back Senator Barkley DN Y said he didnt believe the speakeasies would be set up just for the lew hours after midnight In New York the American Guild of Variety Artists announced that entertainers would demand that contracts on pay be observed regardless of curtailments re quired by the Byrnes order Warmer Wednesday Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Warmer Wed nesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday becoming cloudy Wednesday with light snow northeast por tion Wednesday afternoon Warmer Wednesday and north west portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday At 8 a m Tuesday Snow YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 23 JS 23 1 inch 23 n all night fighting Some troops uere within a mile of Calcar Pop and wading in icy flood waters of the Rhine spread 2 miles over flatlands lo the very edge of the road town Supported by tanks German in fantry charged again and again but when dawn broke the Cana dians were firmly astride the road Enemy counterattacks also boiled out of the woods 1000 yards south of Mbyland but failed to shake the Canadians who were throwing an arc around Calcar One counterblow was made with 10 tanks and self propelled guns All were beaten with considerable losses to the foe The Germans were using a sunken road from Moyland into Ihe woods for reinforcements On the western flank German batteries laid down a terrific bar rage against Scottish troops south of Afferden onthe road to Venlo 19 miles away Infantry did not follow the enemy shells however and the situalion there was un changed Between Afferden and Goch the allies edged forward slowly south of Hassum The road between the towns was cut HOUSTPASSES 5 CODE BILLS Vote Salary Raise Increased Tuition DCS Moines first 5 school code bills to go before the house of representatives passed with ease Teusday after some had been given extensive debate Among them were one to raise the minimum salary of teachers and another to increase tuition rates Hep Andrew J Nielsen R Council Bluffs sought to raise the minimum salary from to a month but lost in his effort and the increase by a 1030 vote was limited to a top of S80 The tuition bill passed 98t got considerable discussion as tol Tear Holes in Walls of Old Manila Manila heavy howjtzers tore holes in the thick outer wails of Manilas intramu ros walled city Tuesday to clear the way for tanks and in fantrymen determined to wipe out the last major Japanese strong Point in the capital and free 7 000 civilian hostages It was possible some of he civilians already had reached freedom by risking heavy enemj fire to slip into the ivatcrfronl area and escape in small boats While llth airborne and first cavalry Yanks entered extensive Fort William McKinley at the southern outskirts of the capital 37th division troops wheeled big howitzers over pontoon bridges spanning the Pasig and began shelling medieval intramuros walls 40 feet thick at the base Three days ago niaj Gen Oscar Griswold asked the Japanese commander in the intramuros to liberate the civilians within the walls m exchange for honorable surrender No formal answer was forthcoming so the Americans proceeded to knock the walls down By noon Monday a considerable portion of the outer wall had been breached but further pounding will be necessary before tanks and troops can move in Gen Douglas MacArthur an nouncing continued mopping up of Japanese on Corregitjpr and Ba taan also reported the capture of Fort William McKinley in his MARINES MOW ACROSS SOUTH END OF ISLAND Nimitz Says Japs Defense Fierce as Any in Pacific U S Pacilio Fleet Headquar ters Guam ma rines seized the southern airfield on southern Iwo Jima Tuesday after smashing through Japanese defenses as defended as any in the Pacific Adm Ches ter W Nimitz announced Veteran marines mowed a path clear across the island extending in an irregular wedge shape from miles long on the east coast to 1000 yards oh the west Newly captured territory reach es from the northern slopes of Suribachi Japanese volcano for tress on the southern tip of the island now cut off from the north ern defenders to the northern edge of prized Motoyama airfield No 1 Monday night a battalion of Japanese attacked in full strength down the runway to the southern edge of the air strip but the 27th marine regiment beat it back fiercely and drove off the Japa nese remnants Sporadic artillery and mortar fire fell on American beaches on both sides of the island through out the night but U S forces con tinued to unload more supplies reinforcements and artillery American night fighters broke up several Japanese air attempts to counterattack while Pacific fleet units maintained a continu ous bombardment of the highly prized airdrome island 750 miles south of Tokyo The Tokyo radio reporting from a bombfired city where American raiding planes have knockedout725enemy aircraft since Friday conceded thatmore than 20000 Devildogs already had been landed by Tuesday morn ing From the 800 ships committed to the operation the invaders are bringine up reinforcements and landing them Tokyo acknowl edged It reported 150 Vank tanks in one sector All front line reports Tuesday ngreed one of the most savage fights of the war is in progress with the Japanese firing from caves and pillboxes Vice Adm Richmond Kelly Turner commanding the amphibi ous operation said of Iwo It is as well a defended fixed position as exists in the world to day It is smoll but better de fended and better organized for defense than any island with which I am acquainted That is a strong statement com ing from a man who commanded amphibious forces at bloody Tar awa in the Gilberts Shortly after noon Tuesday Don Pryor broadcast from Turners flagship that reports from the landing forces are both good and bad but the heat of battle is no the peicent of increase but it time for an inventory The CBS correspondent said the Patrols cultred he fort annex division of Maj Gen threalen ahuchi air IMotoyama incs battled lo edge the first elementary school maximum to S9 and the high school maximum to per month One of the other school bills would grant a teacher a public hearing on cancellation of her con tract This a senate measure passed by 1033 and now goes back to the upper chamber for approval of minor amendments Another would authorize a school district lo discontinue its facilities and contract with an other district for furnishing edu citiona facilities in the future The vote was 1030 s The other measure would allow establishment of kindergarten or primer classes and compel their establishment upon petition from parents of 25 children This passed by 10 Navy Announces Loss of Minesweeper in Philippine Area Washington UR The navy Tuesday announced the loss of a small minesweeper in the Philip pine area as the result of enemy action The minesweeper the YMS 48 was the 262 nd naval vessel lost in this war The vessel carried a normal complement of 30 men Lt Howard A Kaiser 30 New York was skipper of the vessel and is a survivor The other is Port San tiago Inside the intramuros MacArthur announced the cap lure of Hagonoy and Tagig on the northwest shore of Laguna de Bay southeast of Manila but there was increasing indication the Japanese may be forming a defense line northeast of the cap ital Some of the Manila defense garrison may have escaped in that direction MacArthur reported patrol clashes in the area American bombers ranciiiff he China sea poured 175 tons of ex Plosives on Formosas Takao area An aluminum plant and railroad yards were damaged extensively Northwest Borneo airdromes were hit with 64 tons of bombs A small Japanese cruiser was sunk at night off Cebu in the central Philippines by patrol tor pedo boats Tokyo Says Task Force in Bonin Island Waters U S task force 58 appeared Monday in the watersof the Bonin islands north of Iwo Dome News agency reported and since the enemy is roaming waters which are only about 650 miles from the Japanese mainland there are in dications he may approach our mainland and attempt another air raid with his carrier borne planes The broadcast said the ask force was conducting the new op eration after licking its wounds pletely unconfirmed the com claim that 1500 American marines have been wiped out and 2000 wounded But the marines had back of them the thundering guns of Rear Adm W H P Blandys warships which had to pick their targets carefully to keep from dropping shells among the advancing Dev ildogs The invaders also were af forded constant cover of both car rier planes and the Marianas based bombers of Lt Gen Millard T Harmons strategic airforce of the Pacific ocean areas The Japanese defenders of Twos 8 square miles which some esti mates place at 15000 had little YANKS ON IWO were reported Tuesday to have cut Iwo in two driving across narrow southern end ;