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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 20, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME cowp OF ISTORY AND ARCHIVES HO Kies I VOL XLVIIl ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS FUIL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPIR TftAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 20 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 114 JAPS LAND ON BALI TIMOR ISLANDS Heavy Blows Struck at Invaders Defenders Halt Burma Drive 1ST LADY QUITS JOB IN CIVILIAN DEFENSE SETUP Mrs Roosevelt Says Attacks on Her Have Attacked Vital Agency WASHINGTON El eanor Roosevelt Friday rescued her post as assistant director of the office ot civilian defense James M Landis director ac cepted the resignation in a letter voicing gratitude for her vis ion and energy but saying he could not ask her to continue to give so greatly of your time and your gallantry Mrs Roosevelt recently made known her intention to resign as soon as her division was function ing efficiently That is now accomplished her letter ot resignation to Landis said and by remaining 1 would only make it possible for those who wish to attack me because my beliefs to attack an agency which I consider can prove its usefulness so completely to the people that it should be free ot attack in order to render its maximum service No individual is more impor tant than a good program I feel that yours is and will be a pro gram vital to the wellbeing of the people of the country OCD officials said that she con tributed more than half of her time to the agency She was in full charge of community ac iivities and volunteer workers Both her letter and that of Lan dis made reference to the recent outburst of criticism at OCD which resulted Wednesday in the resignation of Mrs Roosevelts protege blond Dancer Mayns Chancy Miss Chaney resigned hci position in the childrens unit Landis office accepted hci withdrawal with no comment I need not tell you what the worldknows Landis letter to IWrs Roosevelt declared that you brought to the office of civilian defense the vision and energy to carry out those por tions of the executive order that directed us to mobilize the en ergy of everybody behind the defense now the war effort Not a farm nor a home but is now conscious of the imprint ol your spirit indeed no one but knows that they have a task in cvilian defense This has been true building of Americas fighting faiths beside which criticism is puny attack misplaced Mrs Roosevelts resignation was made effective Friday Landis said he had been aware for some time of Mrs Roosevelts wish to Quit active participation in the OCD You kindly remained how ever on request to add your strength and your courage to us during the most critical days that the office of civilian defense has faced he told his retiring asso ciate Chief targets of congressional and other criticism of the OCD were the appointments of Miss Chaney and Melvyn Douglas Hol lywood leading man lo head an arts division The formers job was to head the childrens activities in the physical fitness program and if Laura Ingalls Aviatrix Is Given Sentence in Prison Charged With Failing to Register as Paid Agent for Germany WASHINGTON u s t i cc Tames W Morris Friday sentenced Laura Ingalls one time noted aviatrix to eight months to two years in prison for failing to regis ter as a paid agent of ihe German reich Miss Ingalls made a brief dra matic statement to the court be fore the sentence was imposed re peating the contention she made before and during the trial thai in accepting money from German embassy officials to make isola tionist speeches over the country she was acting as a selfappointed counterespionage agent for the United States Dressed in a grey off the face hat brown jacket tan scarf and rey skirt she stood defiantly be fore the bench and began what appeared lo be a rehearsed state ment LAURA INGALLS Airs Roosevelt told a press con ference that Miss Chancy had come lo her with 3 helpful plan When you appoint someone you know lo a job she commented you are criticized for that and ivhen you appoint someone you dont know you are criticized as well Congress enacted the OCD ap propriation with a clause stipu lating that none of the fund could be used for fan dancing or other entertainment Miss Chaney who originated a dance named the Eleanor Glide in honor of the first lady is not a fan dancer but there was no mistaking the connection motion picture em ployers have declined to release him from commitments to make a new picture When La Guardia mayor of NewYork appointed Mrs Roose velt assislant OCD director he called her Americas No 1 vol unteer saying that she had made n study of volunteer par ticipation in civilian defense long before the office was created Polk Civilians Will Sign Up in Defense Against Sabotage DES MOINES Moincs and Polk county next week will register civilian volunteers for de fense of the city against sabotage and bombing The number of volunteers nec essary for defense of the city has been set by the Des Moines anc Polk county defense council al 9450 Alex Miller an attorney and a World war veteran who will be commander of the defense corps emphasized a need for haste ir establishing ihe citizens defense corps MRS ROOSEVELT from OCD USO Center Establishec at Des Moines Praised DES MOINES D Finlay of Chicago regional United Service Organizations director said here Thursday night that the Des Moines recreation center was the first USO center in his terri tory of 12 states which has been established for recruiting sta tions Praising the community Finlay said that in most USO cen ters all equipment has been purI S25 deduction chased by he USO but hat DCS Moines citizens volunteered all of the equipment in the center Tank Hit by Nazis BRAZILIAN BOAT SUNK BY SUB OF POCKET SIZE Survivors Describe How UBoat Oif East Coast Took Pictures NORFOLK Va 4080 on Brazilian freighter Olinda was sunk by an axis submarine described as pocket size off the Atlantic coast Wednesday after loon and crew members two ot whom were taken aboard the sub mersible tor questioning said the submarine crashdived later at the approach of U S naval planes The fifth naval district au thorized release of details of the sinking after the entire crew of 46 was picked up from two life boats by a rescue ship and landed here The men were res cued after drifting and rowing for 20 hours Navy officials with held any further detail con cerning the operations of the U S planes Francisco Nogueira ot Sao Paolo Brazil said that he and Captain Jacob Benemonde were by its commander tioned concerning the nature of their cargo where they were from and their destination The submarine which fired 17 or 18 or less at the ship before the crew abandoned her sent a torpedo into the Olinda about amidsbip after the crew had taken to the boats Nogueira said adding that the freighter went down about an hour and n half later Nogucira said the undersea raider was small enough to put in my pocket The submer sible had one deck gun and two machine guns Nogueria was unable to say what the caliber of the deck gun was Crew members said that U S naval planes were sighted ap proaching while the submarine was still on the surface and that the submersible immed lately crashdived When the submarine first ap p e a r e d Wednesday afternoon Radio Operator Noguiera said the submersible fired a number of shells across the bow and over the ship The sub was two miles away at the time The first shell he said carried away the radio antenna rendering impossible the sending of distress signals More shells followed and the captain gave the order to abandon ship The crew left Ihe ship on two lifeboats and pulled away Of ficers on the subsdeck com manded the two boats to ap proach and as the lifeboats drew near the commander speaking in English Spanish and Portu guese ordered the captain and the radio operator to comt aboard Nosuiera boarded Ihe subma ENGLISH U S AIRMEN LAUNCH HEAVY ATTACKS Air Squadrons Bring Nipponese at Bilin River to Standstill CALCUTTA ports indicated Friday that heavy attacks by American and British iir squadrons have brought the Jiypanese advance into Burma along the Biiin river front to a temporary standstill The Rangoon radio reported dial our troops Jield firmly greatly heartened by the air support extended by the Amer ican volunteer air and tile Koyal Air Force pilots Yank Flyers Taking Vital Role in Java BATAVIA lava Ameri can flying fortresses and Dutch land troops were reported offi cially Friday to have struck bat tering blows against Japanese inT vaders of the island of Bali sink ing or damaging eight warships nnd transports with heavy loss of enemy troops Four Japanese planes were shot down by the American flying fortresses and Liberator bombers off Bali during the action which began Thursday while an official tabulation showed ilial a total of 10 enemy craft had been shot down over Soerabaja naval base in tivo days V Communiques o the united na tions supreme headquarters on Java and of the Dutch high com t mand credited the bomb hits on Lieut Col William V Eatta U S A climbs a ladder above to inspect damage doneto an oil storage tank stiuiclc bya sheUduring theGermansubmarineraid onAruba in the Dutch West Indies Apparently damage was slight al though theUboats attacks on oil tankers in the vicinity were more successful rine first and was questioned be tween six and ten minutes He was treated courteously the radio operator said and they took my picture The subs crew also toolc pictures of the Olindas two lifeboats When Nogueira returned to his life boat Captain Benemond boarded the submarine and stayed about ten minutes The sub com mander asked him for his ships papers but Benemond toid him the papers were aboard the ship Benemond returned to his life boat and the submarine then tor pedoed the freighter The Olinda listed heavily turned over on her side and went to the bottom about an hour and a half after the crew entered the lifeboats Pedro Lama fireman of Belem who was in the boiler room when the attack told newsmen that fire broke out during the shelling in fhe ships No 3 hold and in the engine room Report Convoys for Ships From Brazil to U S Planned RIO DE JANEIRO Bra zilian merchant vessels traveling between Brazilian and United States ports will be convoyed by United States warships in the fu ture a reliable source said Friday It also was reported that Brazilian merchantmen would be armed and ready for any eventuality along the entire north and south Atlan tic seaboard May Deduct Social Security Tax in State Income Levies Attorney General Announces New Ruling in Figuring Iowa Tax DES MOINES Iowa attorney generals Thursday ruled that a taxpayer may deduct his federal social security or rail road retirement fund payments in figuring his state income tax Heretofore the individual con tributions to those funds have been nondeductible The federal government dc ducls 1 per cent of certain earners salaries for what has been described as a United States pension lax or old age and survivors insurance Thus if a person draws a year he pays S25 in social se curity taxes and his employer matches thai contribution The then would cut r5 cents from such ataxpayers computed tax Charles H Sayre ot the stale in ARUBA HOPES FOR REVENGE Second Bombardment in 4 Days by UBoat Reported on Island ST NICHOLAS Aruba Dutch West Indies the principal thought of this oil important little island Friday after its States as as Dutch soldier among experienced the second Uboat bombardment in four days Coincident with a new outbreak of torpedo attacks on oil tankers in thesevital waters off the north ern Venezuelan coast an enemy submarine sent shells hurtling into the area of the great oil refinery here at dawn Thursday United bombers al ready were aloft patrolling and unloaded explosives so quickly tiial one pilot was confident he Uboat had been damaged Off the island however and within 700 miles of the Panama canal a tanker flying the flag of Panama was torpedoed and two ships at anchor in the gulf of Pnria off Port of Spain Trinidad were damaged Wednesday night by explosions presumably caused by U boat attacks The two ves sels remained afloat H was admitted that the Japa nese carried out a big air bom bardment ot Manadalny in which the government buildings suffered heavy damage and a large num ber of civilian casualties were caused However Japanese air activity was on a greatly reduced scale possibly because of Japanese loss es in combat with American and British fighter craft The battle was approaching a Japanese had crossed the river and were hammering at the imperial right flank in an ef fort to envelop and smash the entire line A communique broadcast by the Rangoon radio said counter ntlacks from Hie imperial middle sector were keeping the enemy at bay but hat fighting is continuingfiercely At one point at least the Japa nese were between the of Bilin and the railroad town of KyaikTo only 25 miles west of the HangoonMandalay railroad portion of the Burma rond An official spokesman in Chungking said the Chinese re fuse to concede that the battle of Burma is lost and have started operations to relieve the pressure on the defense lines in the south Striking from northern Burma the Chinese were pursuing de feated Thai forces toward Chieng mai Thailand 80 miles from the border Rangoon gave no details of the fighting to the north some 175 miles from the Bilin front but the battle in southern Burma was raging at a high cost to both sides Air battles were reported all along the Bilin sector and Ameri can volunteers who have won spectacular victories over the Japanese were pjirtifipating Both the RAF and the AVG American Volunteer Group were bombing enemy concentra tions and troops in the line Ihe enemy is being given little respite Japanese attempts to cross the Bilin at its mouth on the coast of the Gulf of Martaban were beaten back Ground attacks on the right flank northern end of the defense line likewise failed The hits on enemy ships pos sibly including some repeal at tacks included Three cruisers Three transports Two destroyers one of ivliich was blown apart nnd sank American Liberator bombers and n fleet of pursuit planes sup ported flying fortresses in the at tack on the Japanese invasion fleetoff the southeastern coast ot Bali The Americans did not lose single plane One fJyiiisr fortress dropped eight 660 pound bombs around one of lie enemy elcstroycrs and Ihe crews said it rose up from the water and came down in pieces Three Liberator plines shot down two of the four planes which the enemy lost These two were part of n formation of nine I which attacked the Liberates The dive bombers hit on the Japanese transport was mide with j a 110pound bomb Their hit on the cruiser was at the warships stern ATTACKS MADE AGAINST ISLES EAST OF JAVA Heavy Toll Exacted as Japs Swarm Ashore on Beaches of Bali Hy ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Ldllor Japans seaborne invasion ar mies stormed at the eastern gate wny to Java Friday attacking the storied island of Bali and landing troops on the jointly nvned Dutch Portuguese island of Timor farther to the east points on BrH have been destroyed an N E I commu nique raid tersely Strong action is being taken against landings the enemy is carrying otil Dispatches from Balavia said the defenders were exacting a heavy toll as Japanese landing parlies swarmed ashore on the Blcamiiifj beaches of Hali amid a hail of machinegun bullets bombs and shells The Dutch high command said allied warships and submarines attacked the Japanese invasion ar muda around Bali Thursday night adding Further particulars are lack ing as no complete report has yet been received Bili lies across only a mile wide channel of water from Java the heart the Indies and head quarters of Gen Sir Archibald P united nations command in the far Pacific The new assault on Bali com pleted u halfmoon arc of Japa nese bases threatening Java from the north extending from lower Sumatra on the west thence through Borneo and Celebes is lands to Bali on the east Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boyor at the GG business office Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Rising temperature Friday afternoon and not so cold Fri day night Snow flurries in northwest portion Friday after noon and in north and west portion Friday night MASON CITY Warmer Friday afternoon nnd Friday night MINNESOTA Rising tempera tures Friday afternoon and not so cold Friday night snow flur ries Friday night and west por tion Friday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 15 above Minimum Thursday night 16 below At 8 a m Friday 14 below YEAR AGO Maximum 5 Minimum 7 Java Last Indies Stronghold come tax department said the ruling would mean the average taxpayer will pay maybe 40 or 50 cents less tax In an opinion for Tax Commis sion Chairman Fred Nelson As sistant Attorney General John Mulroney wrote these federal acts con fer no benefits upon taxpayers we are of the opinion that the pay ments made under either act arc allowable deductions Mulroney later explained that he act levying the social se curity ax is completely separ ate from the measure appropri ating money from the treasury for payment of benefits Congress easily could repeal one act without affecting the other he said Tax commission officials said they were inclined lo believe that the ruling would not cut material ly into revenue from the stale income tax act REPOIIT MADE ON TIMOR Imperial Tokio said that Japanese troops pro tected by the guns oC warships landed at dawn on the mountain ous 30milcIong island of Timor Tlic landings were executed near Dilli and Koepang respectively the Portuguese and Dutch capi tals Tokio mncle no mention ot re sistance but Australian and Dutch were known to have occu pied the Portuguese section of the island last December to combat such an assault Rich in gold copper gypsum and petroleum Timor lies at the eastern tip of the Dutch Indies archigebgo only ISO miles northwcat of Darwin Australia U S TROOPS MAT BE HELPING JAVA DEFENSE A Dutch bulletin said that the Japanese landing on Bali home of 1200000 Indonesians was car ried out in considerable strength Conceivably American troops may be helping to man the eastern ramparts of Java against an im minently expected attack on that major citadel of the Indies if the Japanese succeed in overrunning Bali Aneta the Dutch news agen cy disclosed Thursday that American soldiers and other for eign reinforcements had arrived In the battle of Burma British imperial troops were reported holding firmly in positions along the Bilin river 80 miles northeast j of Haneoon after 24 hours ot i fierce attacks and counterat tack JAPS CLAIM VESSELS SUNK IX DARmV TORT Coupled with the grave turn ot events in the Indies Tokio head quii ters asserted that waves of Japanese naval planes attacking the Australian mainland Thurs day for the first time had sunk a fi000ton Australian auxiliary cruiser two destroyer a sub chaser and nine transports at Dar win This toll without confirma tion from united nations but 15 persons were killed and wounded and considerable bomb damage had been acknowledged at the north Australian port if The effect of the Timor opera tions upon neutral Portugal was problematical She already had protested and ordered troops to Portuguese Timor the eastern section of the mountainous 12000 squaremile island as a result of the occupa tion of that section Dec IS by Dutch and Australians seeking to ;