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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 20, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH lOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 20 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 118 War of Two Philosophies Success Claims m Auto Strike Are Disputed FALLING ROOF TRAPS 3 FIREMEN VICTIMS FEARED DEAD 7 OTHERS INJURED AT FIRE Flames Destroy 1 Building and Damage Another in Nashville Tenn NASHVILLE en firemen were injured and three were Trapped under a fall ing roof their fate undetermined in flames which destroyed one building and damaged another on the edge of Nashvilles business district Saturday Spectators expressed fear that the missing men were dead By CHARLES P STEWART A S H IN GTON CPA The outcome of the sit down strike of General Mo t o r s workers was not suffi ciently clean cut altogether to convince stu dents of the la fa o r situation pro or con as to the merits of the sit d o w n system At Washing ton headquar ters of John L Lewis commit tee on indus trial organization it is maintained that the srikers gained practically all that they were fighting for The C I O folk naturally would say so however It was their strike and they cannot afford to admit that it was less than reas onably successful F of L President William Greens verdict that the strikers lost unqualifiedly in equally nat ural coming from that source Considering that Lewis and the CIO are in rebellion against Green and the A F of the lat ter bodys chieftain scarcely could be expected to recognize a tri umph of the insurrectos who vir tually threaten to put the A i oi L out of business if their pro gram proves 100 per cent effective or nearly so I HI ji i I J wv rr If General Motors thinks vas I Aiding collapsed sending burn vitorious it is sensible enough not to brag about it if it thinks it was beaten it wouldnt care to confess that either The labor department simply claims credit for engineering a mutually satisfactory crmpromise Most of the comparatively interested authorities I have1 talked with are of the opinion thai the affair ended in a dogfall as between the sit down strikers and General Motors Contest Also contest also was involved oc wen C I vertical umomza State Aid Tenancy Plan LOOK INSIDE FOR crushed by the debris Physicians said none of the injured firemen rescued appeared to be in a ser ious condition Only Walls Standing The fire originated in the four story building housing the W E Stephens manufacturing com pany Only the walls were stand ing an hour after the alarm was sounded The flames spread lo the adjoining NeelyHarwel company building I The firemen were injured when 1 the upper floors of the Stephens ng timbers crashing to the base ment Falling debris blocked all entrances and made the search for the missing men difficult Nearly ail of the citys fire fighting equipment was pressed into service On Public The fire was on Nashvilles Public just across the street from the new city hall county courthouse under con struction Scores of produce men in lion policy and A F of L s hori zontal policy If C I 0 had won that srike by a straight out deci sion it would have had A F of L on the ropes But a draw if thai is what this compromise was U was not good enough To say the least C I O needed a liberal margin of advantage over General so much for the of a victory over General Motors as to show to all workingmen that its methods are better than F methods C I O did gain a little But did it gain sufficiently to appeal spectacularly to industrial That is problematic Tn Drain A F of L If it did C I O invariably will drain F of L off into its own emp H not C 1 O has lost its first C I F of L ominous beginning for the LEWIS forces C I weapon HENRY FORD Joins Those Opposing Roosevelt Court Plan ON PAGE 2 O tried the sitdown Will it try it again M it does the conclusion will be that it is no discouraged with it If not the conclusion will be that it has abandoned hope of that and has fizzled There are reports that it is about to try it in the steel industry We shall see in the near future Ii is not solely a struggle be ieen capital and labor it is a struggle between rival labor pni losophe j Gompcrs Conservative j Samuel Gompers for instance vas craft unionisms creator He I a conservative Big Bill Haywood created the International Workers nt the workers Gompers and Haywood were at opposite ends of the far apart as Greetand Lewis as far apart as Rockefeller and Terence V Pow derly inventor of American trades unionism Bill Green is the conservative labor leader of today Lewis is Bill Heywoods sue cessor minus some of Bills puted violence I town for their Saturday morning sales on the shifted their turnips spinach and apples to make room for the lire en gines Departments were hampered in their work by the narrowness of alleys in the district GASOLINE STOVE EXPLODES IN APARTMENT BUILDING DES MOINES of a small gasoline cooking stove in an apartment building here Saturday hurled window glass 75 feet and rocked surrounding j buildings but six persons living j in the apartment escaped injury Mrs Virgil Mallet noticed leak ing gasoline burning around the stoves supply tank She and her husband fled outside Mr and Mrs Clarence Ward and their two children roused by the Mallets cries also ficd Bill Rotan in the basement said the blast sounded like whole building was coming Firemen quickly extinguished the fire following the explosion Cresco Man Second in National Butter Score ON PAGE 8 Round Table Talks to Be Held by Teachers ON PAGE 11 Local Teams Win in Two Basket Scraps ON PAGE 9 NATIVES ATTACK GEN GRAZIANI Rebellious Ethiopians Try to Assassinate Italian at Addis Ababa ROME ff Marshal Rodolfo Graziani viceroy of Ethiopia was slightly wounded by a hand gren ade an official communique an nounced Saturday when rebelii FAVORSLEASING LAND HELD FOR NOT PAYING TAX Southerner Sees Way to Set Up Permanent Farm Communities By PAUL D SHOEMAKER Associated Press Farm Editor DES MOINES J Meeman editor of the Memphis Press Scimitar suggested Satur day a plan whereby states can aid the federal government in its farm tenancy problem by developing permanent farm communities on state owned tax delinquent land Editor Meeman presented his plan in an address prepared for delivery before the National Farm Tenancy institute As suggested by Mr Meeman states would not sell the land in fee simple but instead would lease it to qualified farmers for an in definite period and thus initiate a sound land The land would be leased under such terms that the user would not be placed in an insecure own ership he said but in secure pos session of it Security of Possession the security of he said not depend on the whims of weather and the market but on the practice of sound methods of farming and soil conservation Let the lease not be subject to trans fer except to another practical resident farmer satisfactory to the supervising state and federal agencies In many he said these state lands are in large enough tracts for establishment of a per manent farm community Where they are or can be so made by a swapping process the states should with the help of the federal government plan such a commun ity One of the curses of farm life has been its social isolation An other has been its economic isola tion Such isolation will be avoided if such a large tract is divided into individual tracts in such a way that the houses can lie close together Will Have Advantages In such a setup the larmers j will have whatever advantages in j both individualism and coopera j lion In such communities could Lost Since Flood Have you seen this woman Ellen Smith a flood refugee This photo of Mrs 90 of Osceola was taken by Michael Barron Central fair jrrounds at Memphis several weeks ajco Since then the American Red Cross has searched for Mrs Smith with out success Any news of the woman should be sent to Mrs W B Burke Missine Persons Bureau American Red Cross care of the Auditorium Mem phis Tenn PAIR ARRESTED AT WHITE HOUSE 2ND ROOSEVELT TERM IS OFF TO STORMY START Presidents Program Jams Up Behind Debate Over Court Scheme By EDWARD J DUFFY WASHINGTON sec ond Roosevelt administration a month old Saturday has encoun tered a stormy beginning com pared with that memorable start of the first term in 1933 The president has emphasized his objectives in repeated mes sages to congress much as he did four years economic and agricultural reforms long time planning action rather than delay But whereas his leadership was accepted readily in the aftermath of the 1933 banking crisis now the program is jamming up behind differences over the one issue Should the supreme court be enlarged to foster what Mr Roose velt called a liberal interpreta tion of the constitution Fairly Clear Field The president who refers to himself at times as a quarterback generally was believed to have a fairly clear field at the capitol when congress convened With little opposition congress quickly banned arms shipments to Spain extended the reconstruc tion corporations lending powers and presidential authority over the dollar enacted the relief deficiency appropriation and provided for seed loans The house voted to extend the reciprocal tariff act Administra tion leaders in the senate have predicted similar action there Much in Common On such matters the last month had much in common with March 1933 About all the president had to do to get authority then was to ask for over banking establishment of the civilian con servation corps and reduction of expenditures by a Have You Read Your Newspaper 1 Of what was Walter Dus ty Rhodes of Iowa City ac cused 2 How many members of each party were there in the Iowa house of representatives following the settlement of all election contests 3 A mar was slain in the holdup of a dice game two miles east of what Iowa town 4 What screen hero asked his creditors to meet him in an at tempt to decide on a imethod of settlement 5 What former governor of Indiana and former national commander of the American Legion was named high com missioner to the Philippines 6 In what nation were three men accused of high treason be headed 7 A testimonial dinner at tended by was held in Washington for what politician 8 What two heavyweight prizefighters are signed for a bout in Chicago June 22 9 Seven marines were lulled in a gun explosion aboard what U S training ship 10 Which Iowa senator has come out in opposition to Presi dent Roosevelts court reorgan ization plan ANSWERS ON PAGE 2 KRASIMTAIKS ABOUT BEER LAW Governor Sees Considerable Dissatisfaction With Present Act DES MOINES Nel son G Kraschel said Saturday there is a good deal of dissatis faction with the operation of the present beer law in Iowa and added that beer legislation is one of the chief problems still con fronting the legislature T o w n councils have no t handled the problem as was in tended and Kraschel With his second term at baud j It might be well to provide Youth cuscd of Violating Per mit to Parade LJ J A I however the question was now Heads could be drafted i LI Oil Ill JUVI I ous natives at Addis Ababa ovided health and recreation WASHINGTON ar i j i r ri 1111 ft n im n n P i i 1 TnP Am PI 1 Suspect Pleads Innncent DES MOINES Wal lace 36 charged with holding up j two taxicab drivers pleaded inno cent to charges of robbery with aggravation in municipal court Dust Plagued Town Pleads for Medical Supplies and Nurses HUGOTON Picas for more medical supplies and nurses went out Saturday from ihis dust plagued town of in southwestern Kansas after two more deaths brought to 14 the number of victims of influenza and pneumonia We need declared Dr T G Gammell city health offi cer We must have more nurses and more South in the Oklahoma pan handle to Guymon and Texhoma a dust soiled snow fell early Sat urday Goodwell and Boise City and had snow Elkhart also Elated Guymor residents stood out in the falling flakes stained reddishbrown by the blowing topsoil A slight haze which hung over that section cleared rapidly here He was held on bond The Weather FORECAST JOAVA Fair Saturday nipht and Sunday colder Saturday night and in cast and central portion Sunday Monday in creasing1 cloudiness MINNESOTA Generally fair Saturday nighl Sunday and Monday colder Saturday mjht and in east portion Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 21 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum Friday 35 Above Minimum in Niflit 30 Above At 8 A M Saturday 31 Above Precipitation 20 of an Inch Snowfall 50 of an Inch Whether weather which com bines snow mist rain and sleet with a temperature just above the freezing mark is preferable to subzero temperature and snow blocked roads such as prevailed a year ago was a principal topic of debate in Mason City Friday No official decision was reached and the argument continued into Sat urday WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the period of February 22 to March 1 1937 For the Upper Mississippi and Lower Missouri valleys Some precipitation indicated about the middle of week rising tempera ture by Tuesday or Wednesday colder latter part of week tempted to assassinate him as he presented them with gifts Many others including the Abuna Cyril coptic bishop of Eth iopia were gravely wounded the announcement said when the na tives hurled the grenades during a huge celebration of the birth of Prince Vittorio Emanuele future emperor of Ethiopia Come for Gifts The Ethiopians penetrated the gathering at noon Friday the com munique declared as if coming up for gifts distributed in the baby princes honor As the ceremony was about to end they drew the grenades from beneath their white shammas and threw them at the croup surrounding the viceroy on the rostrum The official were knocked off their feet by the force of the ex plosions and when Graziani picked himself up he found he was slight ly wounded by the fragments Officer Lies Unconscious Aviation General Aurelio Liotta chief oi the Italian East African air force lay unconscious at his feet seriously wounded beside the Abuna Cyril and several native chieftains in their colorful cos tumss The tremendous cov ered the throwers facilities equal to those now avail able in The editor continued states by cooperating with the federal gov ernment in such a program will lay the foundation for a rural civilization which is the only kind that will renew itself and Referring to statements that some southern tenants and share croppers are shiftless because of heredity or pure he said we shall not know how large or how small this group is until we remove the other causes of shiftlessness One such cause is the lack for incentive for im proving their condition Education and agricultural training doubtless will make a striking change in many of the tenant and sharecrop per escape of the bomb The viceroy dressed in his grey green marshals uniform had just finished an address when the at tempt was made Scores Supreme Court Edward ONeal American Farm Bureau Federation president told the institute last night the su preme court is one branch of the government that has thrown too many rocks in the road of the Referring to the supreme courts AAA decision ONeal said theres nobody here who consid ers agriculture a local Right now he said were hav rested two leaders of the Ameri can Youth congress near the white house Saturday and charged them with violating their permit to pa rade The men William Hinckley 25 and Abbott Simon 21 of New York were sitting down with a groupof followersin the street just south of the executive man sion when the arrests were made They had a permit to parade through downtown streets past the mansion Simon the organizations na tional legislative counsel said he and Hinckley who is national chairman were awaiting arrival of a covered wagon containing pe titions to be presented to the president Simon and Hinckley were at the head of the parade the wagon was at the end As the crowd of youths ed by police at 500 sat in the i middle of Executive thoroughfare that swings back of the white chanted Pass the American youth The measure pending in con gress would provide for work and schooling people Five delegates left the petitions to the president at the white house after the arrests of their leaders to conform to the constitution as interpreted by the supreme court Mr Roosevelt said only means must be found to adapt our legal forms and our judicial interpreta tion to the actual present national He recommended reorganization of the executive departments There the program rested until m his inaugural address he spoke again of the need for fundamental social legislation WouldBe Tacklers Congress scarcely started work on hi six year Public Works Program before the unpredicted judiciary reform pro posals appeared Instead a clear field the control over town coun Kraschcls remarks on the beer law were a part oi his weekly ra COLDTOREDUCE FLOOD DANGERS IN SOUTH IOWA Farmers Along Des River Near Tracy Move Their Livestock DES MO1NES ff Ice gorge formed floods backed over the banks of two Iowa rivers Satur day but the weatherman forecast colder weather that would halt the runoff of thaw water and reduce flood danger over the weekend Several farmers livingalongthe Des Moines river bottom between Tracy and Eddyville moved their livestock and household goods to higher grounds the the river spread out above a mile long dam of ice blocks which started form ing Friday At Tracy in southeastern Ma iaska county the river stood at 17 feet three feet above flood stage and the back water was a lalf mile wide in places Starts BreakingUp Reports that the ice gorge started breaking up Saturday morning spurred preparation for high water at Eddyville and Ottumwa Fiiver men forecast the river would rise to 12 feet at Otcumwa two feet above flood stage if the gorge goes out fast In southwestern Iowa and ice gorge in the East Nishnabotna river between Kiverton and Ham burg1 sent the river over acres of lowlands The flood mounted two inches during the night and larmers alongthe river started moving their stock to higher ground The Burlington railroad tried to dynamite ihe gorge near its railroad bridge but the attempt to start the ice mov ingfailed Cloudy Over SUic While it was cloudy over the state Saturday and snowing or raining at several points the weatherman said it would clear off Saturday night and be gen erally fair over Sunday Temperatures Saturday morning averaged 13 degrees above the normal Mason City and Sioux City reported 30 degrees for the low while Des Moines 45 was Fridays high Saturday night however the weatherman forecast tempera tures would sink to 5 degrees in the northwest section to 10 in the northeast to 15 in the southwest and to 20 in the southeast Rainfall reports included Dubuque 24 of an inch Msscn City 20 Davenport 06 Keokuk 10 Des Moines 16 Charles City 15 Mount Ayr 04 and Sioux dio address in which the governor j Qty and Iowa Falls a trace said other problems as yet M posed of included a program ol protection and conservation for Iowa lakes and state parks Insane Commissions The governor question which also the said one legislature Lugm iiww im 1 ing one hell of a time Wash T J m ington writing farm legislation j A Wlllb dllU l uc ui that will be in keeping with pres ent He urged that Federal Land recent tv Ethiopia sorn of home stead tax exemption Italians Storm Theater Showing Ethiopia Film SHANGHAI ff About the Italian conquest of Ethi men identified by authorities as opia and seized the film One suf Italian civilians and sailors from an Italian manofwar at anchor here stormed a motion picture theater Saturday and routed the audience with gunfire ammonia bombs and clubs They slugged two Russian film projection operators showing a fered a broken arm the other a gash on the head Before Chinese police British settlement authorities Japanese marines and Italian officials ar rived at the Isis theater on the border of the international settle ment the mob had wrecked the DlOjeCUUIl Russian picture dealing interior of the place and Iowa MUSCATINE hap pen swiftly in the Dodder family livingnear Letts 12 miles from here Friday morning the farmhome of Mr and Mrs tothe ground and der went to the home of a son Merle Dodder to stay temporarily The Merle Dodder household was further increased by two Sat urday morning when the stork brought twin sons Six Killed When Ore Powder Trains Meet SAN FRANCISCO tf1 Six men were killed when an oie tiain rammed a powder train at the Walker mine in Plumas county the department of industaal rela tions here was informed Saturday president found wouldbe tacklers in his own party as well as among the republicans In the senate 30 are on record against him 29 in sunport and 37 not committed Advocates of his plan argued that federal judges are overbur dened and those over 70 who de cline to retire should be assisted by appointment of younger addi tional judges This would make possible enlarging the supreme court from nine to 15 justices Some hitherto strong Roosevelt supporters although backing the rest of his judiciary program de nounced the supreme court change as bad in principal dictatorial Fight Gets Warmer While the argument waxed warmer the president submitted the report of hisdrought commit tee saying a new economy must be developed in drought afflicted territory Then followed recommendations for federal and state aid for ten ants to become farm owners and for a system of crop insurance Americans believe that our form of government does not prohibit action on behalf of those who need Mr Roosevelt id Instead of conferring wiJi groups as on those March even ingsin 1933 the president con sulted individual senators and representatives on the court issue Report His Attitude They reported his attitude sub stantially as follows We want to go ahead withbusiness labor and farm legislation but a narrow construction of the constitution bars our path An amendment would take too long could be pre vented by 13 states This method for realizing our objectives is con might take up was the operation of county insane commissions who sometimes commit persons to state institutions without know ing whether they are insane Sometimes even families bring pressure to have one of their own members committed to an institu he added 1 am confident however thai the legislature vill dispose of these problems in a fitting man ner Homestead Tax Bill said He described senate action in passing the homestead tax exemp tion bill as a nevv and important milepost in the history of Iowa and indicated he was confident the house will act favorably upon the measure The governor likewise pictured passage by the senate of the farm tomarket road bill as one of the most constructive moves in be half of road and additional financing we propose to levy a tax on said that to provide farmtoaiarket road trucKS Hunk Anderson to Coach Michigan Line ANN ARBOR ry G Kipke head football coach at the University of Michigan an nounced Saturday the signing of Heartiey W Hunk Anderson former head coach at Notre Dame and North Carolina State as linfl coach of the Wolverines Thaw Comparatively Slow While the unseasonable above freezing temperatures of the last few days have melted much of the ice coating over southern Iowa the weatherman pointed out that the thawing has been compara tively slow and that ice gorges form the chief flood threat The Nishnabotna flood how ever forced suspension of railroad service on the Burlingtons branch line from Red Oak to Nebraska City by climbing over three or four miles of track above Ham burg Seven miles north of Council Bluffs farmers repaired the Pigeon creek levee which they said was damaged when North Western railway blasted an ice jam threatening a bridge under coastruction Bridge Washed Out A temporary steel bridge on a naif million dollar viaduct project was washed out at Des Moines Engineers said at least part ol the temporary structure would have to be rebuilt before wprV on the per manent bridge could continue Thawing and rain added to the ice and flood danger at some points In the Des Moines river area Henry Martsching a farmer liv ing 10 miles below Tracy said the river was rising faster than it ever did in the 25years I lived He moved his family xo safety stitutionaL Have you anything belter to suggest In 1933 members of congress reported their mail was all on the side of the president Tn 1937 some members say the mail is predominantly against him oii the court question others say it is with him Still others ap parently are waiting in the expec tation that public sentiment has yet to crystalize Senate Group Votes to Report Pittman Neutrality Measure WASHINGTON The sen ate foreign relations ae voted Saturday to report the Pi next week The bill wiuld set up a perma nent neutrality law establishing an American policy that warring nations which want American goods must comeand get them m their own ships ;