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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 19, 1964, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors CITY GLOBEGAZETTE Home Edition VOL 104 AuocUlcd and UnlUd laUruHont Full OttM Wtrca MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY If UOc a of Four No 9 ker wont open books White Negro speaks Recalls visit into the South Racism makes the oppressors as for for a prison well as the oppressed It rises when leadership is silenced and it occurs when we allow ourselves to think tha any man has less right to op portunity than someone else These words were voiced bj John Howard Griffin who ad dressed some 300 persons at joint meeting of Mason Cit service clubs and their guestsj at Hotel Hanford Wednesday noon His presentation was a part of Brotherhood Week ob servances in Mason City Florida vs Cuba in trial KEY WEST Fla irst of 29 Cubans caught fish ng in American waters went on rial Wednesday in a showdown between Cuba and Florida Fate of the defendants cap Strains of ary songs n jail here Griffin a white Texan who spent six weeks in ihe deep south as a Negro by temporal ily having his skin color changed recounted some of the experiences he had while liv ing in southern states His talk was entitled Black Like Me the same title of a tains of four Cuban gov ernment owned fishing trawl ers seized by the Coast Guard Feb 2 off Floridas Dry Tor tugas Islands was in the hands of 72yearold Judge Thomas Caro of Criminal Court The four and their 25 crew men waived jury trial on charges of unlicensed fishing in Florida waters The Cubans whose case has had repercus ions reaching to the US na al base at Guantanamo Bay luba appeared in good spirits as they began their third week book he has written which is be ing made into a movie The current situation is seri ous he said but we tend to mis name the problem when we cal it a race problem The major problem we are dealing with is one of customs that have existed for genera lions and only now are becom ing crucial Griffin said He told of small Negro ehi I anxious to obtain a picture o a whiteJesus being distrib uted by a woman Upon receiv ing the picture Ihe child tore it to pieces and said Im sick to death of your white Jesus Since becoming white again Griffin has visited in the south ern states where he lived as a Negro On one occasion he was mistaken for John Griffin a grand wizard in the Ku Klux Klan The mistaken identity in a Louisiana community prompted other klansmen to meet with Griffin in a planning session They told him of plans to take gasoline and burn out nigger town to keep Negroes out of Avhite schools to kill all Ne groes like dogs and to get rid Cuban revolution emanating from heir second story bullpen are heard occasionally in busy Whitehead Street below The Cubans appeared neat and clean in court Tuesday mostly in the gray fishing fleet uniforms they wore when cap ured In their cells where there is no water rationing such as their detention caused at Guantan amo after Cuba cut off the supply from a iriyeiriir reprisal they have clothes been washng their of white preachers integration who teach These men were Griffin said The basic fallacy in the ques tion of racism Griffin contin ued is our refusal to judge a man on his qualities We tend to be shocked by the bombing of a Negro Sunday school in Birmingham but this is only a result of generations of twisting our logic to fit our prejudices While living as a Negro Grif fin said the best rooms lie could find to live in in New Orleans were small poorly furnished and without windows The best jobs he could find were as a shoe shiner a porter and in helping to unload trucks Negroes know this situa tion he said They know that regardless of their education and qualifications they never will be employed accordingly Its all part of the system the speaker said The system is a complex of customs handed down through generations It simply means the Negro as a citizen is ex pected to pay taxes defend his country and obey laws but is not expected to have equal pro tection of the law equal right to vote access to public parks the GRIFFIN turn to page 2 North Iowa Weather outlook Clear to partly cloudy and colder Wednesday night and Thursday Lows Wednesday night 1016 Highs Thursday in upper 20s on page 2 Their only visitors have been First Secretary Frantisek Tel icka of the Czech Embassy in Washington and two New York lawyers he hired for them on behalf of Prime Minister Fidel Castros government Judge Caro denied a defense motion to dismiss charges against the captains and with held ruling on charges against the crewmen The defense contended the 1963 Florida law under which all are charged usurps federal functions and is unconstitutional Bomb blast wrecks Negro church front AMBLER Pa ft A bomb explosion ripped through the front of the Negro Bethlehem Baptist Church in nearby Low er Gwynned Township Tuesday Photofax CYPRUS IS THE SUBJECT Patrick Dean of Great Britain second from bottom talks on the Cyprus situation at a special session of the United Nations Security Council ais other representatives of the Big Three powers listen From bottom they are Dr Nikolai Federenko of Russia Dean and Adlai Stevenson of the United States Looking on at upper right is U Thant U N secretarygeneral Jurors excused Wont vote death Quake threat on isle Prompts mass evacuations LISBON Portugal AP Earthquake refugees from Sao Jorge began arriving on other islands in the volcanic Azores chain Wednesday as a hurriedly assembled rescue fleet pressed an emergency evacuation The first 510 islanders taken off Sao Jorge by American and British ships were put ashore on Terceira Island 20 miles away The vessels then headed back to Sao Jorge for more refugees but heavy seas with 30foot waves were delaying the operation Tremors also were felt Tues day night on Terceira and else where in the mountainous Azores a Portuguese possession in the Atlantic 1000 miles west of Lisbon The quake waves have wrecked or dam aged hundreds of homes on Sao Jorge but no casualties have been reported Thousands of Sao Jorge in habitants fled to a port at the east end of the island to await removal They feared the quakes now in their sixth day would set off volcanic eruptions that would destroy their island Telephone and telegraph com munications with Sao Jorge were shaky and reports from the stricken island varied Some said virtually the entire popu lation of 20000 had assembled for evacuation other reports put the number at about 7000 Gov Teotonio Machado Pires whose district includes Terceira and Sao Jorge said the quakes Photofax BAKER ARRIVES Robert G Baker former Sen ate aide arrives for a session with the Senate Rules Committee At rear is Bakers lawyer Edward Ben nett Williams Wheat boss balks at plea from LBJ night causing damage an estimated Members of the church choir had left the church just 15 min utes before the explosion DALLAS AP Two more jury candidates in Jack Rubys murder trial were excused Wed nesday when they said they would not vote the death penalty for him if he is convicted They were the fifth and sixth to be called No jurors have been seated yet The two were J I Richard son 36 a purchasing agent and Jesse R Jones 59 a fore man Dist Atty Henry M Wade in his usual introduction to questioning a prospective juror candidates whether you have religious or conscientious scru ples against voting the death penalty Both said they do have Rubys chief defense counsel Melvin Belli said he wished to make a permanent objection to excusing prospective jurors on grounds that they would not re turn a verdict of the death pen alty This leaves us with a panel only of those with an affirma tive state of mind on the death penalty Belli said Wade had told reporters that on Sao Jorge were getting worse each minute The Portuguese news agency ANI said the tremors on Sao Jorge were the result of a new volcano building up on the ocean floor MIAMI BEACH Fla Labor leaders in their first full scale row with President John son vow they will not retreat from their boycott of US wheat shipments to the Soviet Union Theres nobody who can change this deal but me said President Thomas W Gleason of the International Longshore mens Union Tuesday And I said the Ruby be state would executed in tric chair and he asked ask that the elec both Charles Cityans support Interstate route CHARLES CITY The City Council and the Charles City Chamber of Commerce have adopted resolutions by unani mous voles favoring location of Interstate 35 between Mason City and Clear Lake The resolutions have been sent to the Iowa State Highway Com The Globes Iowa Line The GlobeGnettej txctaslre lonf distance wire U gather information lor Ihla trttclv mission which is expected to make a decision on the route in March Charlts City rtseluttoni support the position taken by the Committee on Interstate 35 in Mason City The Mason City group joinei actively by Northwood las summer asked for a restudy o the interstate route throng North Iowa on basis of informa ion it had gathered The inter tale corridor had been estab ished tentatively along High vay 69 The highway com mis ion granted the study last De cember Mayor Lee Albaugh told the GlobeGazette Wednesday that he council feels the route be ween Mason CiJLy and Clear Lake would be more bene icial to Charles City It would serve us a lot bet ter than the Highway 69 route said Albaugh Kenneth E Mickelson presi dent of the Chamber of Com merce wrote the highway com mission that the Chamber feels the Mason CityClear Lake route will serve a greater number of people in the state of Iowa and make the highway more acces sible to them Taking the road user benefit analysis into consideration we still feel that the population and growth factors in this area more on justify its location at a point between Clear Lake and Mason City Judge Joe B Browi fense and state lawyers agreed before court Wednesday that if a jury cannot be obtained from the current panel of 750 plus 150 designated specifically for the Ruby trial a new panel will be convened next week Normal jury duty in Dallas is for one week Thus the court would dismiss those called for this week and start afresh with a new group of probably 650 prospective jurors After the first fourprospec tive jurors two men and two women were dismissed Tues day Belli said he is finally and utterly convinced that a jury cannot be had here But Wade said two of the four actually did qualify 2 Viet planes down in day SAIGON South Viet Nam Vietnamese air force fighter bombers have been shot down by Communist groundfire in the past 24 hours authorities and dereported Wednesday A US will not back down Gleason had the full support of AFLCIO officials including President George Meany in re her Hodges for accusing the unions of trying to make foreign policy Hall in an interview said Hodges statement was the last refuge of an incompetent Gleason in another interview denied his union is trying to in luence foreign policy The labor leaders also are angry at Hodges because the Maritime Administration under jecting Johnsons he boycott plea to end Labors attitude appeared to harden in the face of renewed attempts at a settlement by Asst Secretary of Labor James J Reynolds special emissary of the President Gleason and Paul Hall presi dent of the AFLCIOs Maritime Defies Senate probers Keeps outside activity secret WASHINGTON UPI For mer Senate secretary Robert G Bobby Baker appeared Wed nesday under subpoena before a Senate investigating committee but refused to turn over the per sonal and business records it demanded In defying the senators he once served as a top aide Baker cited constitutional grounds on advice of his at torney His attorney Edward Bennet Williams told newsmen he did not believe Baker need subject himself to a legislative trial Baker was advised not to waive his protection under the first fourth fifth and sixth amend ments to the constitution The Rules Committee has been investigating the outside busi ness activities of the former page boy who resignedhis Senate Democratic secretary post under fire last fall Williams told a crowd of newsmen that he presented the of his letter to the committee at the closeddoor meeting Wednesday stating that he and tax attorney Boris Kostelanetz had advised Baker not to waive any of his rights Asked whether Baker had as serted the four specific consti tutional grounds William said that was the substance of the matter The Rules Committee had is sueda subpoena on Baker Fri day demanding that he turn over his personal records and to appear in person Wednesday Williams said he and his client recognized the right of any Con gressional Committee to investi gate where there is a bona fide legislative purpose i But he said We do not recog nize the right of this committea the Commerce Department granted Continental Grain Co a waiver permitting more than 50 per cent foreign shipping Continental claimed it could not find enough US ships of the right size at the right time and place Reynolds who failed in an earlier attempt at a settlement began a new round of closed conferences Trades Department insist A spokesman for the maritime Air Force piiot was believec lied Both planes downed were 28s which normally carry a rew of American pilot nd a Vietnamese copilot HUBBS RITES SET COLTON Calif eral services will beThursday or Ken Hubbs 22yearold Chi ago Cubs second baseman Inside The Globe BOOK TWO Community Concerts for 6465 Page 11 THE DAYS baseball MARBLE of wildcat Page 19 ROCK Charle City Scouters get Silvei Beavers Page 31 Editorials Society news 5478 North Iowa news 1 Comics 1 Clear Lake news 1 Sports news 1 Latest markets Mason City news 11302 Transit Classified pages 3334 illed in reekend a plane crash last at least half the wheat be shipped in US vessels Hall claimed the Johnson ministration had reneged on the1 Sate President John F Kennei dys promise that at least half the wheat would be transported in American ships He demand ed that the federal government renew the pledge in writing with the signatures of all Cabi net officers involved Compounding the dispute Is the anger of Halland Gleason at Secretary of Commerce Lu unions said only Johnsons per sonal intervention could resolve le dispute Glcasons or any other committee to con duct a legislative trial Williams disclosed that man B Everett Jordan DN C ordered Baker to return next Tuesday possibly in open ses sion But Williams said Bakers position will remain the same as at Wednesdays 90minuta closed door session In his letter to the committee Williams based his argument on a number of grounds Among them were these contentions That You are conducting Accord on tax package WASHINGTON UPI House and Sen ate negotiators agreed Wednesday on a final com promise tax cut bill that will mean fatter pay checks for millions of American wage earners the first week in March The massive electionyear tax reduction anx iously sought by President Johnson was cleared by a 14member HouseSenate conference group after four days of closeddoor bargaining The negotiators had the task of resolving more than 150 differences between an billion measure approved by the House last September and an billion bill passed by the Senate 12 days ago The House and Senate are expected to swift ly approve the compromise sending the final ver sion to tha White House next week oycotting cheduled longshoremen are four foreign ships a trial of Mr Baker with THOMAS GLEASON Gulf Coast with wheat he Soviet Union by Continental The Continental sale involves about million worth of grain Other export licenses issued by he could Soviet The Commerce bring wheat Department sales to the Union to million longshoremens officials ay none of it may ever get off American docks if the deadlock snt settled on their terms Hughes gets new automobile DES MOINES UPI Harold Hughes was to begin rid ing in style Wednesday with the delivery of a silky black air conditioned 1964 Lincoln Con tinental automobile The luxury car will be leased to the governors office under a plan being offered to the chief executives of all 50 states Iowa will pay a year plus gas oil and daily maintenance for the use of the sixpassenger car no rules of evidence The committee subpoena calls for material relating to ServUCorp and Capitol Vend ing Co both of which are in volved in litigation in US District Court here with some motions scheduled for argument this very week Williams said in this respect the subpoena constitutes an improper inva sion of the function of the judi ciary Furnishing the records would put FBI and Internal Revenue Service attorneys in an unfairly advantageous posi tion if prosecution should re sult from investigation of Bak ers affairs 9 Bakers right to privacy of communication was invaded he believes because an elec tronic listening device was placed on the telephone of Ed ward J Levinson of Las Vegas Nev which Baker used numer ous occasions in 1963 SHRIVER CHOSEN WASHINGTON Itf Sargent Shriver was sworn in Tuesday as a special assistant to Presi dent Johnson to direct the ad ministrations antipoverty paign SAME DATE19UJ1 ;