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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 19, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TMI NIWSAIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IQWANS N 11 6 H 0 R S VOL LVD AMoctated Press United Press Full Lease Wires Five Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 19 1951 This Paper Consists of Two HOME EDITION niiiir No One Mans Opinion Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Is Man Really a Fighting Animal been hearing it said with A increasing frequency lately that man is at heart a fighting animal made that way by nature in the beginning and never helped much by the operation of that mysteri ous force known as evolution The inescapable corollary to tuch an assumption is that wars are foreordained and inevitable Many fall back on the carefully selected passages of support their conten tion This wholly pessimistic fatal istic defeatist point of view I re fuse to accept To the exact con trary I contend that man is NOT fighting man by nature or in itinct and that wars and rumors of wars are synthetically gen erated by evil minds in evil men connection with Broth erhood week Feb 18 to an appropriate time to develop my line of thought on what impresses me as being just about the most important single question facing mankind today Brotherhood can than that MUST be the key to a lasting peace among men Have YOU Seen Such a Man All of my thinking on this sub ject stems from this one central fact out of my own life I NEVER YET HAVE MET ONE INDI VIDUAL IN OUR OWN OR ANY OTHER COUNTRY WHO WANT ED TO GO OUT ON A FIELD OF BATTLE AND KILL A FELLOW GET KILLED And until I meet up with such a going to go on believing that wars are conceived and promoted by evil men who seek to advance their own interests by having other people get killed for them As Ive pointed out more than once in these visits with you I hold the deepseated conviction that at present in our world we would be headed toward an en during peace except for one thing That one thing is a gang of con scienceless thugs hplding forth in the kremlin at Moscow It Hinges on Russia Yanks Drive Into Red Stronghold Austin Bus Wreck Kills 2 Injures 22 Jefferson Vehicle Hits Stalled Truck GlobeGazette photo by Musser VISIBILITY was poor in and around Mason City over the weekend and limited to a quarter of a mile Monday morning Fog hung over the water tower in the south part of the city so that the huge tank was barely discernible Airline service was stopped Sunday afternoon as the fog continued to grow denser If the Russians atSan Francisco years ago in their professions of a wish for a peaceful world we would be on the way to having a peaceful world If in the deliberations of UN since then the voice of Russia had been Yes instead of No America would not at this time be forced to contemplate a billion expenditure for military preparedness in the year ahead And so in this visit Im going j to take the longterm look ahead For the present there can be no choice We must make ourselves strong enough to cope with this iniquitous force which calls itself communism but which is in fact only a reincarnation of the Russian Imperialism of the czars It would be folly of the worst tort obviously to look forward to and count on a free play for the spirit of brotherhood men The world household has been upset by the presence of a panther in the house as it has been on many previous occasions down through the centuries Theres a Panther at Large Members of that meaning the normal peaceloving dwellers on our not free to pursue their quest for peace and happiness so long as this predatory force is unchecked To yield to it or to be conquered by it through lack of will or lack of strength would mean deferring for a century or perhaps several centuries our harvest of the fruits Of brotherhood The threat posed by this com munist menace has thrown the white light on some of the most pronounced weaknesses of the world peace organization One of these of course is the lack of the means to deal with a strong aggressor nation as a police de partment must deal with a rob ber or a murderer Some day this shortcoming will be remedied through a recogni tion by peaceloving nations that the ideal of world brotherhood can best be implemented by a peace organization possessed of teeth This means world government with tuch safeguards for member na tions and minorities as are pro vided in our own American feder ation of states Closer to Home But now to get back to Brother hood proposition in its more inti mate its closertohome aspects and implications Ive said I do not think that man is inherently a fighting animal At the same time it is selfevident that he hasnt fully mastered the art or science of getting along with his fellow human being in all cases Some of the shortcomings and foibles in his makeup have a way of generating frictions which can be fanned into a flame by evil minded leaders One of these little foibles in too many of us is a belief or rather an assumption the color 01 our skin or the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Fog Envelops Mason North Iowa For 3 days Mason City and north Iowa have been in a fog but Sunday night and Monday morn ing it was the heaviest The maxi mum temperature reached Sunday was 36 degrees the minimum dur ing the night 28 It was 30 degrees at 8 a m Monday with the fog still hanging heavily There was but a trace of precipitation and the wind was out of the north Visibility was about a quarter of a mile Monday morning Air service was operated up un til noon Sunday but was closed later in the day and flights were canceled Monday morning on ac count of poor visibility The air lines were waiting for the fog to lift with the hope that the service would be resumed Monday after noon Highways were reported frosty and ice covered but open Visi bility was poor however and the highway patrol urged cautious driving Considerable fog with scattered drizzle and clearing later in the day was forecast for Monday The weathermans prediction was most ly cloudy for Monday night and Tuesday with rain in the south east half of the state Weather will continue mild A high of between Truman Bows to RFC Criticism Proposes Single Agency Head Trainmen Plead Guilty to Contempt Washington Brother hood of Railroad Trainmen plead ed guilty to contempt of cour Monday in the recent sick strikes in railyards and was fine Federal Judge Edward A Tamm ordered the fine in U S distri court here immediately after th surprise plea He said he was fining the unio for criminal contempt as punitive penalty for the strike which occurred despite army op eration of the railroads The other for civil con tempt was intended to compensat the government for the cost o bringing the legal proceeding against the union Judge Tamm said it would re quire a firm of accountants working for years to determin the the actual damages suffered public in delayed missed connections or the blockin of shipments of munitions an supplies to Korea 3545 was predicted for Monday BEATEN ROBBED Des Moines Shav of Des Moines told detectives Sunday he was beaten and rob bed of S75 by 3 men PRISON BREAK Maryland penitentiary offidaTin spects the opening through which Joseph Holmes a con vict burrowed his way 70 feet under the prison wall to freedom in Baltimore Prison officials estimate it took him two years to dig out Holmes was still at large Monday Washington Tru man Monday bowed to congres sional criticism of the recoiistruo tion finance corporation and pro posed that the present 5man boardof directors be replaced b a single top boss Mr Truman submitted a re organization plan to congress jus ahead of a projected public hear ing to air charges that a white house aide and others have ex erted influence on the multimil lion dollar lending agency Under the reorganization plan submitted to the two houses the big government lending agency would continue as a separate en tity in the executive branch of the government The presidents plan provides for the abolition of the present 5 member board of directors whose names he resubmitted to con gress only a few days ago In his message the president said the plan gives the single ad ministrator the functions of the present board except forsome du ties specifically assigned to a new loan policy board and to a board of review The loan policy board would be made up of the administrator as chairman a deputy administrator provided for under the plan the secretary of the treasury the sec retary of the commerce and one other member who shall be des gnated from time to time by the president from among govern ment officials The presidents proposal in ef ect is a capitulation to congres ional critics who have been op posing confirmation of the pres ent board members Ladies Jewelry Taken to City Dupip Recovered Some sighs of relief breathed in lelzbergs jewelry store 23 S about 4 p m Saturday t was then that worth of adies watches and bracelets were eturned to the store after a trip o the city dump Ed Haskins manager and John iolt came to the police station a while before and reported that Jolt had hauled some old papers nd rubbish from the store about p m and had accidentally picked p a box containing 12 ladies watches and bracelets A quick search was made in the Xunpyard and the jewelry found 6 MORE ENLIST Des Moines air force ecruiting office announced Sun iay 6 more lowanshad enlisted ExMason Cityan Hampton Man Among Injured FROM WIRE SERVICES Austin Minnesota authorities lave identified one of 2 women tilled when a Jefferson lines bus carrying 33 passengers knifed into fogbound truck north of here early Monday morning The victim was Mrs Mildred ischer 62 of Waconia Minn ivho was returning from a visit with her son Ted Fischer of New on Iowa The other victim was entatively identified as Mrs Kath erine Brecht 46 of Minneapolis 22 Injured At least 22 persons were in ured in the crash of the bus bound from Kansas City Mo to Min neapolis Fifteen of the injured e hospitalized at St Olaf hos pital here 7 were treated and re eased Two of the hospitalized iassengers were lowans A 3rd owan Jay Thraves of Des Moines ormerly of Mason City was treated and released Thraves for merly was a driver on the Jeffer son run between Mason City and Waterloo He was transferred to Des Moines about 3 months ago Thraves was on his way to Minne apolis to pick up a bus when the accident occurred A 17 year old Hampton youth Merlin Rumelin suffered leg abra sions and scratches Patrick Whal en Cresco Iowa suffered an in jury to his left shoulder Bill Pulrang Minneapolis was driver of the bus Hospital author ities said he was not seriously in occurred 4 miles on highway 218 jured The accident north of here about am Authorities said the truck driver had parked his vehicle on the side of the road and returned to Austin in a cab for gasoline He had returned with the cab driver and the cab was parked near the truck when the bus ca reened into the side of the trailer The side of the bus was peeled off as if a can opener had ripped hrough it and one witness de scribed the scene as a bloody mess One of the bus passengers was AP Wireohoto REDS FIGHT BACK IN ONLY ONE arrow locates the only sector of the Korean front where communists were resisting allied troops open arrows Monday A withdrawal of badly mauled Chinese reds from the west coast to Wonju was reported as allied pa trols probed forward areas North of Chechon A U S troops gained 4 miles and at the western end of the front British forces advanced northeast of Kyongan Brok en line is the approximate front Senators Begin Nationwide Probe of Air Force Centers Maloney former the Minneapolis Wiley Mick manager of United Press byreau and former news director of Radio Station WCCO in Minneapolis Maloney who received only a bump on the head was 1st to sum mon an ambulance after he opened a window of the bus and dropped out into a snowbank No Flares I ran to a farmhouse and called an ambulance Maloney said Then I ran back to see if I could help anybody It was a mess The semitrailer had no flares around t and the road was icy Everybody eemed to be screaming Thank God there were no children on the bus Among the hospitalized were Merlin Rumelin 17 Hampton eg injuries Louis Swehle Austin critical ondition both legs fractured By EDWIN B HAAKINSON Washington senators who accused the air force of a greedy grab for th cream of the nations young man power set out Monday on a na tionwide probe of armed forces training centers We want to find out if ther is any more hoarding or waste o manpower in any of the services Senator Lyndon Johnson D Tex told a reporter Johnson is chairman of the sen ate preparedness subcommitte which rebuked air force leader Sunday night in a report of an inquiry into overcrowded condi tions at Lackland air base near San Antonio Tex The inquiry together with ordered by the air force resulte from letters to senators from par ents of trainees writing horn about conditions Four committee investigator found that as trainees were many as jammed 6873 into training center with a capacity fo 27500 That was an overflow o 41231 Facilities Overcrowded Patrick W h a 1 e n Cresco left houlder Herbert Krabe Austin arm head injuries Carolyn Mathew Albert Lea leg lacerations and cuts on face The less seriously injured ini eluded Harold Duffy 34 Austin Jay Thraves 38 a bus driver of Des Moines formerly of Mason City H E Wilson 31 Austin Because Lackland air force base facilities were so over crowded and overtaxed the air force training program collapsed Chairman Johnson said in an ac companying statement The in doctrination and basic training was totally abandoned Thus the situation at Lack land was the direct result of the air forces greed for the best o the nations available manpower1 the report said The report said there was no excuse for the air force policy and blamed top air force officers in Washington Lackland officers except for Capt Myron Roth in charge of public relations were praised for doing the best they could with an impossible situation Morale Accompanying Good the bristling SAME Black flat muni traffic death in put 24 hours senate report were 2 on separate air force investigations one by a special civilian committee the other by the air force inspector general All 3 reports agreed that widely spread rumors of deaths suicides and a pneumonia epidemic result ing from the Lackland overcrowd ing were false In that connection John A Mc Cone undersecretary of the air force issued a statement saying all 3 groups determined that con ditions at Lackland were satis factory as regards food clothing shelter and medical attention The morale at the base is good McCone went on Only the senate report rebuked the air force for an inexcusable waste of manpower caused by the selfishness of the air force Wrong Stockpiling up a mentally and physically elite corps This must stop Only 2 Deaths The senate report said of Lack land During the past 18 months there have been only 2 deaths on the ffom cancer one from an automobile accident Under orders of Chairman John son the 4 senate investigators wereoutfitted in GI clothing slept in the unheated tents ate at dif ferent messes each meal and talked with hundreds of the trainees Most the trainees readily agreed they had enlisted in the air force to beat the draft and stay out of the infantry the report said When some of them landed in tents they told investigators that they might just as well have gotten into the infantry The report called attention of Mauled Chinese Withdraw Allies Advance Over SnowCovered Mountain Roads By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo i n g Americans smashed 4 miles into the heart of a Ko rean red stronghold in east central Korea Monday Hun dreds of communists were killed On the central and west ern fronts the badly mauled Chinese withdrew from the battlelines Lt Gen Matthew B Ridg way said his allied forces had won a decisive victory on ihese front But he said the Chinese reds have enough massed troops to prevent a successful allied crossing north of aarallel 38 if the reds commit hem Lose Bridgehead UN troops established a small jridgehead on the north bank of he Han river 5 miles east of Seoul iut were driven back by red mor tar and machinegun fire The allies advanced all along the western front as much as 4 miles in some areas Their lines were jammed solidly up to the south bank of the Han near the ruins of the Korean capital The action on the eastcentral front was developing at two points north of Chechen key highway and rail center 20 air miles south east of Wonju AP Correspondent Tom Stone reported a task force rolling be tiind heavy artillery barrages and fighterbomber strikes punched 4 miles northward The task force advanced over snowcovered mountain r o a d s Stone said artillery fire alone accounted for more than 200 en emy dead Small continued throughout 4he day along the path of the advance Recaptured AP Correspondent Swin trainees and their parents to the fact that the worst conditions at Lackland were better than the best conditions enjoyed by the nations soldiers Korea Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Light freezing drizzle ending Monday Cloudy Monday night with low 28 Cloudy and mild Tuesday with high 40 to 45 Iowa Cloudy Monday night with fog or drizzle south portion Low Monday night 26 to 32 north 32 to 36 south Tuesday cloudy with occasional rain south and east Continued mild with high Tuesday 35 to 40 north 40 to 45 south Further outlook Cloudy with occasional rain Tuesday night continuing into Wednes day morning Rain ending and turning colder Wednesday aft ernoon or night tlinnesota Partly cloudy Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy with rain likely extreme southeast Low Monday night 20 north where but locally sky clears ton reported that the other Amer ican counterattack recaptured a bitterlydefended mile of a wedge driven by the reds into the Che enjoyea oy tne last week at the front m This action covcred a tflo and onehalf mile front about 6 miles due north of Chechon By nightfall doughboys had captured the mountain town of Kumna driven the reds from 3 hills It was quiet between this sec or and the west coast The reds lad pulled back along the 70 mile front after tre mendous crack the al lied line in a 5day drive Ridgway credited a magnificent stand by American and French forces at Chipyong with smashing the red drive Thursday He said the Chinese were so hardhit that his patrols have been unable to make contact for 36 hours 5 Armies Ridgway told a news confer ence the Chinese had 5 armies on the line when they began their central front attack last week after a limited allied offensive carried from to the gates of Seoul former South Korean capital When they attacked on a 20 mile front they had the potential of a powerful attack Ridgway and 2230 south High Tuesday 3438 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Feb 19 Maximum 36 Minimum 28 At 8 a m 30 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 14 Minimum GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Feb 18 Maximum Chairman Johnson the report said this who was filed an illustration of the wrong kind of stockpiling We dont have enough men for one service to build itself around 10 said attack could have been Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum temporarily sustained for a long time But the reds lost thousands of men daily particularly around Chipyong 20 miles northwest of Wonju Some of the reds were carrying only primitive weapons Ridgway showed correspondents a crude 5foot spear that was found among Chinese bodies He said They didnt have anything bet ter to fight with But he would not say this meant the reds were that short of modern weapons and ammunition Since the collapse of the red drive between Wonju and Chip yong the Chinese have been try fng to disengage Ridgway said A 6rnile advance carried American troops 10 miles north east of Chipyong Turkish patrols swept the entire peninsula north west of Seoul without finding any Chinese 35 28 31 31 8 Convict Digs 70Foot Tunnel Escapes Prison Baltimore ff A 39yearold onvict wormed his way to free om early Sunday through a wisting 70foot tunnel from his ell to the unrestricted side of massive state penitentiary all Hes still at large Monday Joseph Holmes the dinner me burglar of the 30s was redited by Warden Edwin T wenson with the most fantastic scape Ive ever heard of He was erving the llHh year of a 20 year sentence The warden said it must have taken Holmes two years to dig his way out A slender rather light figure Holmes started his tunnel un der his bunk He carefully lifted out a piece of slate about two feet square from the floor Then lie hit cement Piece by piece he chipped away the ment apparently working only between S p m and system blared out radio programs This covered up the sound of his scraping and probing After 10 inches of this he struck dirt Then the real excavating be gan He disposed of the material scooped up with scrap iron he had smuggled in by flushing it down his toilet With no apparent imple ments this meant he had to entry 10 p m when the loud speaker inf the by in his cloth He angled down almost vertical ly about 10 feet then angled to ward the wall Once under the wall that ex tended 10 feet deep Holmes angled sharply up 30 feet away The tunnel emerged in a sod ded area between the main wall and a 7foot guard fence A hop over this fence and he melted into the predawn darknen without an immediate trace His mothers house was only a few blocks away on Preston street That guy must have been an engineer Warden Swenson said The guards tell me he was al ways neat and clean We figure he must have taken off his shoes before he started to keep from getting them muddy He was tabbed the burglar after he was found guilty of burglarizing mnuy homes of the welltodo hereduring tht early evening hours ;