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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OtPARTWENr OF HISTORY AKO ARCHIVE DCS UOINCS IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS elated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 19 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two One TsO 114 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Cllj Sunday p m WOI Ames Weipesflmy WSU1 low City V WTAD Quincy 111 Tbursdr p KSCJ Sioui City 6 p m Hitler and Almost Won HOW MANY times have you said to yourself Those robot are just another one of Hit lers terror weapons All of us during the time they were falling hot and heavy on London last summer had that view of them They constitute another tempt on the part of Hitler to frighten the people of and he isnt going to get away with it we reasoned And we let it go at that But that isnt the estimate of robot bombs particularly the Vls that historians of this war are going to set down in their books Theyre going to say that Adolf Hitler had welllaid plans to win this war with robot bombs More than that theyre going to say that he came close to setting away with than any o us now imagine IT ALL SOUNDS pretty fantastic doesnt it But lets take a loo at the whole story and then de cide how fantastic it really wa Lets examine the overall strateg behind the robombs Hitler planned to launch 5000 buzz bombs in the direction o London from the PasdeCalais His assumption was that if he launched 50000 at least 25000 would get through to their mark Here it should be explained that robot bombs of the Vl type in the form ol pilotless airplanes are not aimed Theyre merely pointed If they fall within 4 miles of any nnlnf fnnciHprpd n bulls 30000 MARINES INVADE IWO Scots Fight Into Goch Allies Near Ruhr Gate PATTON CLEARS SURE OUR OF NAZI SOLDIERS eye given point its considered a bulls re In this connection it should be noted too that London is the one best target in all the world That s because its the worlds most spravvling city It covers an area about as great as 2 Iowa counties Acj bomb failing its boun daries is almost cause British Advance Within 16 Miles of Wesel Rail Hub Paris IP Scottish infantry and tanks mopped up twothirds of the strategic Siegfried lipe de fense hub of Goch Monday after a surprise attack which caught the German commander and his staff in bed At bayonet point the Scots rooted out savagely fighting Ger mans firing from cellars and rub bled ruins of the stronghold where 8 military highways meet Casualties were heavy on both sides To the east on the churning 17 mile KleveGoch front British empire troops were fighting with in 25 the great Ruhr val ley inland port of Duisburg and within 16 miles of Wesel nearest Ruhr railhead Lt Gen George S rations TJ S 3rdarmy advanced up to a half mile on a 32 mile front in western Germany between Echternach and north of Pruenx clearing the Ger SGT GEORGE TIMM damage and bringdeaths The Hitler theory was that if 25000 robot bombs fell on Lon don the city would be utterly de molished that there just wouldnt be enough left of London to tell that a worlds once stood here And from observing at close hand what happened from that number of bombs in London out of the total of 10000 launched Im ready to accept Hitlers estimate Twentyfive thousand robot bombs WOULD have pulverized London QO WHAT youre saying O Suppose London had been wiped off the map Dont try to tell me that the destruction of one the worlds greatest have won the war for mans from the Sure and Our riv ers which form the boundary of northern Luxembourg His in fantry had knocked a bole clean throughthe Siegfried line for 7 miles between Ernzen and Cruch Farlher south the U S 7th army drove 2 miles into the Ger man Saarland from Alsace in the area within cannon shot of Saar bruecken British George Timm Rescued in Philippines First Sgt George Timm of Thorntonwas one ol the lowans rescued from Japanese internment camps in the Philippines by United States troops on Feb 5 and 6 according to the first partial list issued Sunday night by the war department It was stated that he was rescued from Bilibid prison at Manila Sgt Timm a veteran of World warl and a member the reg since thattune was stationed with the coast ar tillery in the Philippines at the outbreak of this war and was taken prisoner at Corregidor in May 1942 He was first reported missing KONEV ZHUKOV JOIN FOR PUSH TOWARD GUBEN Russians Encounter Strong Resistance in Pomerania Silesia London red army ba tied sharp German counterattack in some sectors up and down th icecovered eastern front Monda but continued to forge ahead t ward Dresden and on Berlins southeastern flank While Moscow dispatches said the German count erstabs were not in the proportions of a countcrof fensive they were mounted by veterans of the German regular army and Heinrich H I m m I e rs home army units in the greatest numbers yet and were particularly strong from places in Pomerania and Silesia where the Germans had entrenched artillery positions dug into the frozen earth Despite the fierce hammering of YANK BRINGS IN JAP Garland Mitchell of Grenada Miss center i litian nfsni fVld SnrltfA TniVlaR wearing helmet brings in a Jap who had been sniping near the Santo Toinas internment camp in Manila Filipino guerrillas located the Jap sniper Photo by Frank Filan Asso ciated Press photographer on assignment with the wartime still picture pool AP wire photo and Canadian troops the nazis Maybe not too sure But lets not be fought within a mile of Calcar like Goch an important frontline road center and pushed the stout ly resisting Germans to the south ern edge of the Moyland woods Casualties were heavy on both sides The forest extends almost to the edge of Calcar Field Marshal Montgomery was said by the Germans to have com mitted his British 2nd army to the intensifying battle between the Meuse and flooded Rhine a front on which the northern end of the original Siegfried line has been run through The marshal himself said the last round of the battle by the war department and later in Jan 1943 a message was re ceived here stating he was a pris oner The first direct word from him came in August of that year when a form card bearing his sig nature was received by his sis ter Mrs Andrew Miller Iowa formerly of Thornton 0 What do you say we proceed a bit further into the story Lets see if we can see what was in Hit lers mind Perhaps we can get at this best by considering what would have happened if within a month or 6 weeks London had been reduced to rubble INE THING sure is that a clamor would have arisen to INVADE NOW This clamor wouldnt have been confined to London or the British Isles or indeed to our own seaboard states Wed have joined in it out here in the midwest Invade now wed have de manded Where Why where the robot bombs are coming from of course That would have meant going In at the time and at the place CHOSEN BY HITLER He wanted us to come in at PasdeCalais There he was ready for how Military authorities ot both the American and the British com mand told me that the nazi for tifications in that area were ab solutely invulnerable One ex pressed the studied judgment that we could have sacrificed 2000000 American boys and a like number of Britishers without ever gain ing a foothold on the European continent if we had tried to in vade PasdcCalais THAT WAS the Hitler strategy He didnt get away with it Why Thats an interesting story too I believe youll agree stemming affit docs from one reconnaissance than that to one single picture It was like this For several weeks back in 1943 aerial observers for allies ove Europe had been coming back to base with reports about a strang type of structure taking shape on a little Island in the Baltic called Pccnemnnde straight north of Berlin They didnt know what it was bat they doubted that it was for any good purpose Reconnaissance efforts were stepped up So aiso was the flak over Peenemunde Except pos sibly for the region about Munich Continued on Pace 2 Germany was on that the enemy is going to receive the knockout somewhat un usual one delivered from more than one direction Lt Gen George S Patton Jr widened his U S 3rd army front in western Germany to 32 miles and captured numerous towns in the Eifel mountains some within 7 miles of the important roai center of Bitburg Farther south Lt Gen Alexan der M Patchs 7th army Tough back 2 miles into the German Saa Basin capturing 1000 prisoner and Auersmacher 6 miles south east of Saarbrucken Suprem headquarters said Patchs objec lives were limited The American 1st and 9th arm and perhaps other forma ions still were inactive along the loer river facing Cologne Bonn nd Duesseldorf It was in this ector east of Aachen that the Germans have been predicting the real battle of decision Goch a city of 13500 and the center of 8 military highways had een outflanked and virtually sur rounded when the Scotch Ladies Hell poured into its ruins created by terrific aerial and their crowded communication lines by allied planes last week the Germans had been able to rush reserves up to the front The German communique said Marshal Ivan Konevs first Ukrain ian army was forging ahead how ever and compelling the Germans to engage in violent defensive fighting all the way from the Czech border to thepder band sbuthVast of Beriin Konevs tanks have reached the area southeast of Lauban on the Qucis river 62 miles from Dres den the communique said On Konevs right wing a Ger man war reporter said Marshal Gregory Zhukovs first White Rus sian army has hammered out a bridgehead over the Oder near Crossen 64 miles southeast of Berlin Konev and Zhukov were linking up for a smash toward the nazi strongpoint of Guben on the Paratroops Infantry Clean Japs From Corregidor Fort Continue Mop Up of Manila Manila paratroopers and infantrymen joined Mon day in the arduous job of cleaning out hundreds of diehard Japanese from the tunnels and crevices of iCorregidor fortress Both sides of the rocky fortress guarding the entrance to Manila bay were secured by the 2 American contingents which invaded Cor The card stated that his health vas good that he wasuninjured and not under treatment also that le was a prisoner in P I Military Prison Camp No 1 Another sister Mrs John Eng and lives at Clear Lake Other Iowa civilians on the list of persons rescued from Santo To mas include Mrs Ruth Jane Ayres Des Moines Carl Henry Van Hoven Dick ens The partial list of American prisoners of war rescued from Bilibid prison at Manila included these lowans Pvt Lester Peterson Modale Clifford E Taylor Ce dar Rapids Pfc George L Bluffs Wood Council Around bombardment The town is divided by the Niers river 8 miles south of Kleve and has been for tified since 1291 Enemy opposition though heavy was lighter than expected with the Germans concentrating on the flanks of the British em pire troops Front dispatches called the battle for Goch the heaviest of the 12day campaign The Scots drove in from the northeast and northwest through massive outer bulwarks They battled through a deadly hail of machineguns and mortar fire and fought bitterly house by house Swirling mists and a drizzle plagued the empire troops and blocked tactical air support early in the day Elements of 8 or 9 German divi sions have been identified on the northern front and the bulk of these have been attached to the Goch sector Beyond Goch lies a small open plain adaptable to tank battles and no elaborate defenses are expected in the area immedi ately past the ancient town covered by about and Thunderbolt 1600 PLANES OVER REICH Yanks Hit Targets in Western Germany London than 1600 American heavy bombers and fighters pounded a dozen railroad and industrial centers in western Germany Monday including tht Osnabruck Muenster Rheine and Siegen freight yards Upwards of 1100 Flying Fort resses and Liberators of the U S 8th air force spearheaded the big raiding force 500 Mustang fighters Most of the Industrial targets were in the Ruhr valley in the path of the attacking Canadian 1st army The army fighter escorts shot up road and rail lines inside Ger many on the homeward night Gambler Raises Bond in Stud Poker Game New York Frieda Levine 42 was charged with gambling She posted bond and left A few hours later she was arrested again Police charged that Mrs Levine started a stud poker game to raise the price of her S500 bond pre mium in house cuts She was again released on bond Neisse 42 miles from Berlin and at the apex of a vital defense tri angle guarding the southeastern approaches to the capital A soviet communique said the southern wing of Marshal Ivan S Konevs first Ukraine army hac overrun Naumberg in fighting at the threshold of Saxony Naum berg is 66 miles east of Dresden Konevs northern wing Sagan site of several German prisoner of war camps The fate of the internees has not yet been disclosed Other Russian troops advancing toward Danzig Sunday broke int the outskirts of the Vistula rive stronghold Grudziadz city o 50000 which is 57 miles from th Baltic port Moscow said the3rd White Hus sian army had scored new gain in East Prussia but these sue cesses were tempered by an nouncement of the death of tha regidor from the air and Theirsole task was to dig out the man by man the recesses where the en emy was expected to make a last itch stand Gen Douglas MacArthur hailed he invasion of Corregidor with a ribute to those men of his com mand who staged the historic de ense of Bataan 3 years ago The long struggle on Bataan in 942 enabled the united nations o gather strength to resist the apanese in the Pacific and pre the fall of Australia MacArthur said No garrison in history has sur passed that on Bataan in more horoughly accomplishing its mis sion the general asserted adding Let no man henceforth speak of it as other than as of a mag nificent victory While units of the 503rd para chute regiment and the 34th in fantry regiment joined in secur ing the upper and lower parts o SENATE GIVEN 5 CODE BILLS DBS Moines school ode revision bills including one vhich would set up a retirement ystem for all teachers and public chool employes were introduced n the senate Monday by its spe cial shool code committee The other school bills would Create a county school system and county boards of education Provide for study and survey by county boards of education the possible reorganization of school districts propose allocation of state funds as a credit against school tax on agricultural lands and propose accumulation over a period of 10 years of a school house fund for future construc Corregidor observers said th battle for the fortress was jus beginning The Japanese were lodge strongly in the American du tunnels and were harassing th American troops continuousl with cannon and machine gu fire A front dispatch disclosed thai weathered the B29S ASSUME TOKYO BOMBING Claim 36 Jap Ships 659 Aircraft Destroyed Washington Super fortresses took over the air offen sive against Tokyo Monday drop ping hundreds of tons of bombs on the capital while it still smoul dered from a record 2day carrier based assault The Marianasbased raid on Tokyo came simultaneously with an announcement from advance Pacific fleet headquarters that carrier planes had destroyed or damaged at least 3G Japanese ships and 659 aircraft in their raids on the Tokyo area last Friday and Saturday A 2nd force ot Superfortresses GAIN60QYARDS FROM BEACH TO HIT AIR STRIP Report Japs Defending With Fanatical Fury Highly Fortified United States Pacific Headquar ters Guam IP United States marines invaded Tokyos look out island of Iwo Monday and pushed 600 yards up rugged slopes from the beachhead to penetrate the important bomber air strip The Japanese resisted furiously from heavily fortified positions despite the continuing bombard ment by warships of Americas 5th fleet Casualties are moderate and the operation is proceeding satisfac torily Fleet Adm Chester W Nimitz said in his fourth commu nique of the day Resistance from the trapped enemy forces was increasing as the veteran marines pushed in land on the tiny 8 square mile is land 750 miles from Tokyo the communique said Two hours after the initial land ing the marine veterans had pushed inland an average of 500 yards The defenses of Suribachi Yama airstrip were penetrated east ot the field the communique added The marine beachhead extended northward along the southeastern coast from the 516 foot high vol cano that forms the southern tip of the island Radio Tokyo conceded that the Americans had won footholds on the southwest south and east coasts Swarms of carrier and land based planes and the 14 and 16 inch guns of battleships were pouring thousands of tion thundered out from bases in India Monday and bombed military and communications targets on the Malay peninsula They may have hit the big naval base at Singa pore to prevent Japanese warships from going to the aid of their ioraeland and Americaninvaded in the Volcano islands A war department bulletin an nounced the Marianasbased raid merely as against industrial tar jets on the main enemy horn Ivan D Cherniakhovsky Berlin said 1 were attacking wipe out the trapped nazis in that sector More than 250 Japanese were At Grudziadz the Germans killed by the paratroopers and I launched 20 counterattacks in an effort to break the encirclement ring the Russian war bulletin said They were beaten off and the so viet troops drove into the citys outskirts infantrymen in the first 2 days of fighting which capture of Malinta brought the hill together with the barracks hospital and other buildings atop Corregidor The cast entrance to the famed By official Moscow account 7 Malinta tunnel was blocked by E 445 Germans were either captured landslide caused by the nava or killed in fighting along the bombardment But there stil The proposed retirement system also would cover all employes of the state department of public in struction county superintendents offices and teachers engaged in teaching any subject on the ele mentary or secondary level in the Iowa schools for the deaf and blind the training schools for boys and girls the Iowa Soldiers Or hans home the state juvenile iome and any of the state schools or the feebleminded The bill would appropriate from the general fund for each year of the biennium beginning July 1 1945 to set up the system Compulsory retirement is re quired under the program at the end of the school year nearest the 70th birthday of each teacher in active service Teachers who be come 60 and have been in active island of Honshu A Japanese communique said 100 B29s par ticipated with the main strength attacking Tokyo and its en virons Another Tokyo broadcast saic the Japanese aircraft center o Nagoya 160 miles west of Tokyo and targets in Shizuoka prefcctur shells into the 8 land in support of the invasion troops but the enemy garrison was putting up a defense reminis cent of Tarawa and Peleliu There is a whale of a scrap going on back there at Iwo said radio correspondent who flew vcr the embattled island as the nvasion got under way The amphibious ump half way from American uses in the Marianas to vas announced in the second of jubilant On to iques issued only an hour apart by Adm Chester W Nimitz com mander of the Pacific fleet The first communique had pro claimed an historic and decisive victory in the precedentshatter ng carrier assault on Tokyo itself last Friday and Saturday Planes from task force 58 the worlds greatest concentration of aircraft carriers destroyed or damaged at least 3G ships and 659 enemy planes in the 2day strike at the invasion jittery Japanese capital Three Japanese warships were sunk and a escort set afire and over turned Fortynine American planes were lost in the raid but none of the ships in the huge armada which penetrated to within less than 300 miles of Tokyo even was hit B29 Superfortresses from the een hit service in the state for 20 years may retire voluntarily The maximum monthly benefit mile eastern front bringing to 258150 the total of Germans and Hungarians reported killed or captured in the last week includ ing the casualties in the siege of Budapest The Paris radio said Monday morning that the Russians were opening up a huge offensive all along the front and asserted that Marshal Gregory K Zhukov had assembled enormous masses of material for this final assault on Berlin Furious fighting was in progress near the confluence of the Bober and Oder rivers and the Berlin radio said the Russians had crossed the Bober in their drive to turn Berlins eastern defenses Attacking on a 15mile front southwest and south of Breslau the Russians gained up to 3 miles by official Moscow account as they deepened the ring around the city They captured Landau 14 miles were 3 other entrances open to payable to persons retiring from Americans for an assault on the active service would be S40 and coastalso had j Marianas followed through Mon I day with another raid on Tokyo to the southwest and Pudlcan 19 miles south of the city Buy your War Bonds Japanese in the inner recesses The infantrymen were working down the island clearing the sea oastswhere they made an am ihibious landing shortly after the aratroops dropped on the top of Corregidor But the cleaningout job was slow They were forced to mop up some areas more than once be cause of the infiltrating Japanese coming from caves and tunnels opening on the cliffside The mopping up of Manila still continued slowly with the 37th division steadily closing a steel ring on the Japanese garrison in the walled city and Ermita dis tricts to disabled persons S36 RUSSIAN CRITIC DIES Los Angeles Dr Lazar S Samoiloff 68 Russianborn voice Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday with oc casional light snow Not quite so cold Lowest Monday night about 15 Iowa Mostly cloudy Monday and Tuesday Light snow Tues day and in west and central portions Monday night Slowly rising temperature Minnesota Cloudy with light snow and slowly rising temper ature Monday night and Tues day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics teacher music critic and onetime operatic baritone in Moscow and Odessa died Sunday His pupils and 1 in America included Nelson Eddy Stamps from your GlobeGazette Julia Claussen i Km TlimilH carrier boy Bianca and Dimitri Onofrci Saroya Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 15 3 9 17 minus 5 YANKS ON IWO Chester Nimitz Monday an nounced the landing of American troops on the island of Iwo Only 750 miles south of Tokyo The invasion climaxed a 4 day assault by sea carried on at the same time that carrier planes blaated the Jap capital ;