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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 19, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS KOIKES THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press anci United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATUKPAY FEBRUARY 19 1944 Beachhead Withstands 4 Full Nazi Divisions GERMANS MAKE GREATEST TRY AT ALLIED LINE 5th Army Strikes Back After Hitlerites Pierce Front Near Clarroceto Allied Headquarters Naples forces are holding their Jilines intact on the battlechurned I Anzio beachliead after smashing Tback attacks by 4 full German di ll to 60000 jthe strongest nazi counter blows Iyet delivered allied headquarters I announced Saturday A dispatch from Daniel iDe i Luce Associated Press corre I spondent in the bridgehead at noon Saturday said the German offensive renewed with even greater force than ever was be ing held and that American in f fantry and tanks had retaken ground during 2 hours fighting Jfcr which the Germans paid a Jheavy price the day before The oth army on the main front to the east reinforced by New IZealand and Indian troops tight ieiicd a ring on Cassino from the J northeast northwest and south JAvinniiiR Z heights west of Mount I Cassino and reaching the railway 1station south of the town after throwing 50000 shells into the ruined stronghold The powerful nazi assault below Rome knocked a hole in the allied line near Carroceto 10 miles i above Anzio but ath army tanks I and infantry struck back in sev i eial successful local counterat I tacks causing heavy casualties to the enemy and making some progress An allied officer declared that unlike previous enemy attacks K this is obviously thc fullestscale TejCfort to throw the allied forces f back into the sea 7 Front dispatches said the Ger mans were attacking with even greater fury Saturday and that 1allicd troops were defending their twines in the grimmest fighting IJThe Germans were spraying the a whole area with shellfire The German communique iproadcast by Berlin said the nazis of of Anzio The Germans claimed that they were still holding the Cas sinb railroad station but the Al giers radio said allied troops had occupied it The beachhead battle which may be one of the most decisive of thc apparently in its crucial stage Field Marshal Albert Kesselring was counterattacking with units drawn from all over Europe throwing in the full weight of his force without regard to costs At least 4 divisions including the 3rd armored grenadiers were trying to smash straight through to Anzio allied nerve center on the beachhead while other units brought pressure all along the perimeter Withering 5th army fire took a heavy toll of the attackers which also included the 114th and 750th motorized divisions and 65tli Gor man infantry Allied warships and planes aided the defense On thc Cassino front 5th army forces captured a hill with stronglydefended crests west ot Mount Cassino Other allied troops attacked across the Rapido river south of Cassino itself and advanced ele ments were reported to have reached the railway station about a mile from the center of thc town A dispatch from Lynn Heinzer ling Associated Press correspond ent said allied troops had entered thc station but did not say whether they held on The French repulsed an enemy ptrol in thc northern part of this jtont and American troops drove nek another patrol southwest of fcunt Castellone The Germans jd at points along this front suffered heavy losses and to gain Iaiad advanced 2Ji miles south I lOarroceto or within 71i miles 3 Waves of Nazi Planes Strike London London German heavy and medium bombers striking in double the strength of any recent raid hit London in 3 waves Fri day night and left fires smashed homes and apartments and casual ties in their wake The best unofficial estimates were that about 150 the night raiders slashed at the capital area Although not all of them pene trated the umbrella of terrific antiaircraft fire thrown the he city the damage was the most widespread of any attack of the past year and casualties were left in half a dozen districts Fires still glowed red against the dawn skies Saturday as searching parlies dug through th wreckage for victims Twelve persons were known to have died and a number of others were injured when high explos ives struck a preserve factory and homes in the working class dis tricts Three persons v were still trapped under the ruins of the factory Ten other persons were believed to have been killed when a bomb struck one sector which had al ready received 3 direct hits dur ing previous raids and an un known number was killed when a home for the aged received a direct hit Supplies in the district head quarters of the British Red Cross 1 were destroyed by flames started I by incendiaries The Berlin radio said that hun dreds of planes participated in the raid and acknowledged the loss of 7 bombers but announced later that 2 of them had limped back to emergency fields A group of American soldiers who watched the iaid which lasted approximately an hour said it was the most terrifying spec tacle we ever saw We dont how those German pilots up there could stand that barrage In one pajamaclad American soldiers used sandbags to smother incendiaries which showered the neighborhood of an American Red Cross club Only a few hours before this raid occurred the first since Feb 13 it was announced that in a re cent raid German firebombs show ered around the houses of parlia ment and Westminster hall in the heart of London A fire broke out in Westminister hall but the his toric government buildings had an amazing escape the an nouncement said This historic group of buildings had been free from raids since May 10 1941 At that time West minster Abbey was set ablaze Big Ben was hit and the house of commons chamber was heavily damaged NO 119 REDS OUTFLANK KRIVOI RQG IN UKRAINE DRIVE Kherson Also Goal of Russians Soviet Army Pushes Near Pskov Moscow army forces struck vigorously into the shat tered ranks of Nazi Field Marshal Fritz von Mannsteins troops in the Dnieper bend Saturday while on the northern front the battle drew hourly near the key rail city of Pskov following the cap ture of Staraya Russa below Lakej Ilmen 100 miles to the east The next objective before the Ukrainian armies of Gens Knoev Vatutin and Malinovsky which apparently are now joined are the cities of Krivoi Rog great iron ore center in the souffieast ern Ukraine and Kherson 90 miles south of Krivoi Rog at the mouth of the Dnieper river Krivoi Hog already lias been outflanked and dispatches said that the position of the German garrison there is extremely crit ical At Kherson Russian forces al ready are reported to be massing on the banks of the Dnieper op posite the city ready for the command to launch an allout attack Capture of Staraya Russa and he railroad town of Shinsk 30 miles to the northwest together tlie towns and villages in between gave the red army a 3 armed operation against Pskov Russian troops asa result are now able to drive on the key to the Baltics from the east northeast and north If the red army in the north follows the usual Russian tactics its units will an oiit over the vast countryside and before lone ski troopers wfll be threatouintr Ger man positions in the area to the south Already Ihe German garrison at Pskov is running the risk of a Russian drive across tlie narrow isthmus between Lake Peipus and Lake Pskov to cut the trunk rail way connecting Pskov and Riga Latvian capital 165 miles to the southwest on the shores of the ulf of Riga The sector between Staraya Russa and the Russianheld terri tory north of IVovosokolniki com prises one of the worst areas in the soviet union lor battle opera tions It is composed almost en tirely of swamps forests rivers creeks and streams all difficult obstacles for extensive maneuver ing 2 U S Subs Sink 13 Jap Cargo Ships Washington U S submarines recently returned from war patrols immediately around the Japanese homeland have sunk la enemy merchant ships aggregating 68200 Inns the navy announced Saturday These new blows against Ja pans dwindling merchant fleet were revealed as American air sea and land forces dealt a series of staggering punches at enemy power in the central and south west Pacific including the sink ing of 12 Japanese merchantmen and 3 warships by bombers in the southwest Pacific The ships bagged by the 2 sub marines averaged better than 5 240 tons These successes raised to 447 the total of enemy ships sunk by our submarines in the Pacific and Par East since the outbreak war In addition they have prob ably sunk 36 others and damaged 114 to bring to 597 the total num ber of Japanese ships hit by our undcrscas raiders Yanks Land and Battle Japs on Eniwetok in Western Marshalls Layoff of Employes at Ordnance Plant in Des Moines Halted Des IHoines of em ployes at tlie Des Moines ord nance plant had halted Saturday after a new production schedule was received calling for increased production Commanding Officer Maj E J Hill had announced Inst week that nOOO employes would be laid off during February and March be cause of a reduction of produc tion orders t Some employes who had called at the plant office to receive their release papers were told to go back to work We have stopped the layoffs due to the change in schedule Major Hill said The new sched ule of production which was re ceived Friday calls for increases over what we had anticipated PLAN SOYBEAN PLANT Des Moines A 5900000 soybean processing mill will be built here by Spencer Kellogg Sons Inc beginning sometime next month officials of the com pany and the war production board announced Friday follow ing approval of priority arrange ments for materials and machin ery WILLKIE VOTERS FACE 4 ISSUES Has No Doubt F R Will Seek ReElection Minneapolis Minn Four major issues the fourth term ad ministrative ability in wartime and in the reconstruction period and foreign and fiscal policies will face the American voter in the November election according to Wendell L Willkie 1940 republi can presidential candidate I have no doubt the president plans to run again Willkie told a press conference here Tuesday and the tenure of power will be one of thc major campaign issues The outcome of the election this fall does not depend on whether the war ends Willkie said t have gathered from my ram blings around through 44 states during the last year that people have not yet made up their minds very dis BRITISH SUBS SINK 19 SHIPS Patrols Over Wide Area Are Revealed London submarines sank 19 enemy ships probably sank 6 others and damaged 8 more in recent patrols in the At lantic Mediterranean and Hie southeast Asia area the admir alty announced Saturday In the actions which the admiralty de scribed as taking place in the aters of war extending from the Arctic circle to the eastern limits of the Indian ocean enemy ships sunk included thc largest types of supply vessels 2 Bombers Lock Wings and Crash 17 Dead Phoenix Ariz B24 bombers on a training mission locked wings and then crashed Friday on the rugged Salt River Indian reservation 20 miles northeast of here killing 17 army flyers and crewmen the Williams Field Public relations officer re ported The victims included Pvt Russell J V Johnson 21 of Red Oak Iowa how to vote and they are eager Jto hear constructive cussions on the issues I dont think the president ha the election foreclosed but I dont think the republican party has it foreclosed either he said adding that anyone who makes a flat pre diction about tile outcome of the election is merely guessing Willkie who stopped here with his wife to celebrate my 52nd birthday went to DCS Moines for an address Saturday Tells Driver to Put Fuel Oil Down Cistern Cherokee Ruther ford hopes his ration board will be generous The salesman ordered 200 gal lons of fuel oil for a house he hac purchased He saw a manhole cover thought it was the top of the fuel tank and told the drivei to put the fuel in there Later Rutherford found the fuel tank 10 feet away from thc manhole His cistern contains 201 gallons of oil and a lot of water Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday warmei Saturday night lowest temper ature in Mason City 15 Iowa Partly cloudy and warmer Saturday night and Sunday Minnesota Mostly cloudy occa sional light snow northeast slightly warmer southeast and extreme cast portion Saturdaj night Sunday partly cloudy IN MASON CITY GiobeGazctle weather statistics Maximum Friday 17 above Minimum Friday night 5 below At 8 a m Saturday 0 YEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 30 ATTACK JAPANS iMIGHTY TRUK S planes and ships have launched the first assault of the war on Truk islands Pearl Harbor olJapans defenses one ot which is shown in thc above ailview Air strip can be seen in the center This photo was made Feb 4 when 2 marine photo planes made a daring flight over Truk Bedaux 58 Facing Treason Investigation Kills Himself General Francis Biddle announced Sat lriVrVlP riPIltVl flf f P RoHailv 1 UEdayrJiejtieath of Charles Bedaux a friend ofthe Duke of Windsor from a self administered of sleeping powder in Miami late Friday night He was in custody ot immigra tion authorities who were deter mining the validity of his United States citizenship Bedaux vho arrived in Miami last Dec 23 under military escort from north Africa was under suspicion of treason and com uith the enemy and was arrested in Algiers by order of Gen Dwight D Eisenhower shortly after the arrival of Amcr thcre in November came steadily infrequent The special board o inquiry investigating his citizenship in Aliumi found thiit Becluux ad mitted close friends among many of the highest ranking members of nazi party and ot the Vichy the French government Sent io Jforlh Africa in 1941 at the rcciuest of Vichy Be daux developed a whereby lean troops 1942 Two special assistants to the attorney general Edward J En nis and John L Burling had been prepared early this week to seek a grand jury conviction of Be daux on charges of treason pend ing thc report of a hearing con cluded in Miami last Monday on whether his long residence abroad had effected his expatriation On Tuesday morning Biddle said Bedauxs attorney found him unconscious in his quarters at the immigration service and he was rushed by ambulance to Jackson hospital where he re mained in coma until his death Pneumonia and other complica tions Biddle said contributed to his death Biddle said that Be daux in a note to his secretary explained he had accumulated the sleeping compound over a period of time from small doses allotted him by medical authorities at the detention station Born in France 58 years ajo Bedaux entered this country dur ing World war I established him self as a consulting engineer and was naturalized at Grand Rapids Mich in lOl He became known as an effi ciency expert and established companies bearing his name in this country and throughout Eu rope and the rest of the world exercising overall management from Amsterdam Holland One of his aides who Ictt him acvera years ago is R B Mudge of thc buieau of utilization of the war manpower commission In 1927 Bedaux purchased chateau near Tours France and his visits to Ihe Uijitcd States be ftazis Used Guns to Keep Civilians From Fleeing Abbey Si 2 P By JAMES E ROPER Wth thc Fiflli Army Before Cassino Italy sol Oicrs using machineguns pre vented 2000 civilians from flee ing the Benedictine monastery on Mount Cassino when American planes and guns destroyed it sur vivors who reached allied lines said Saturday The Germans refused a request by Don Gregorio thc abbot to permit men women and children terrified by allied warning leaf lets io leave the abbey the day before thc bombardment started thc survivors said The Germans were said to have set up 2 machineguns at 5 a m last Tuesday pointed directly at the monasterys main behind which hundreds of Italian civil ians huddled awaiting the German reply Four and a half hours later the first wave of flying fortresses droned high over the abbey and dropped their bombs the first ones destroying the monastery church Wave after wave of fortresses then Mitchells and marauders followed thc initial attackers Tuesday On Wednesday and Thursday dive bombers com ft pleted the destruction The German guards fled in the midst of the late hovvever to save many of the civilians trapped inside Survivors trickling through the allied lines were bruised and wounded and their clothing was in tatters Their anger was against the Germans who had held them pris oners Mario a young Italian work man who escaped with 7 women and children after the first bomb salvo told the slory Marios 18 year old wife was among the group The others in cluded his sisters Antoinelta 15 and IHaria 3 a dishev eled wildhaired woman of 50 who wept and moaned throughout the interview over the loss of her husband and 4 children in the monastery Catherina 53 whose husband is missing her 14 year old daughter Anna and her son Elio 15 None had washed for 3 days snd they were thc children begging for food as they talked Mario and had been in the 15 days and he estimated that 3000 or 4000 civilians had trudged up the mount to the abbey to escape destruction during thc first 3 days of the fighting inside the town ol Cassino Don Gregorio 78 year old abbot who has been at Monte Cassino for 53 years and 3 or 4 priests were the only clergymen at the abbey when the refugees arrived Mario said The monastery hd sufficient drinking water but the only food was ground corn and a little flour the refugees had taken up with them from Cassino he re ported U S POWER OF ATTACK SHOWN ANEWINPACNFC Navy Continues With Silence on Results of Assaults on Truk By MOKKIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor American invasion troops fought Saturday for the capture of Eni welok westernmost of the Mar shall islands in another display of the as yet unbroken sweep across the sphere of Japanese bases in the central Pacific V S forces struck at thc low nearly circular atoU before the enemy could recover from ihe damage and shock of the prob abljdiversionary carrier strike Wednesday on Japans mighty naval and air stronghold of Truk 758 miles southwest Warships and navy planes turned their deadly bombardment on Eniwetok Thursday The 22nd marines and the 106th army in fantry swarmed ashore to estab lish beachheads among the 30 islets of the 21 mile long coral base There were no details in Admiral Chester W Nimitz com munique The landings a swift extension of the midPacific offensive which began with thc capture of the Gilberts last November came just 18 days after other American forces invaded Kwajalein larg est of thc Marshalls 400 miles to thc southeast It was at Kwajalein thai the Japanese learned the pulverizing effect of bombardment by the greatest tisk force ever sent against the enemy Early smash Japs Attacks by U S NEW TO UK A third United Stales carrier task force attacked the eastern Marshall is land alolls of Taroa and Maloelap Wednesday while one task force was carrying out operations against Truk and another was at tacking Euiwclok the Tokyo radio said Friday in a broadcast re corded by NBC ing of lie enemys defenses made it possible for the American ma rines and soldiers to occupy the atoll at a cost of only 4UO killed against 8000 troops lost by the defenders Kadio silence still screened the results or the heavy attack on fruk in he centra Carolines Navy Secretary Knox deflated the lapanese report Friday that land Jigs were under way saying it ivas an airstrike by carrierbased planes Nevertheless Knox called the assault a victory for the United in the overall campaign to destroy for all time Japanese ability to wage An enemy attempt to bend sup plies to ils threatened bases in he Bismarck Archipelago was de feated by allied airmen who sank 5 ships in a 3any ntlack on a ojg Japanese convoy from Truk General MacArthur reported Thc bombers caught thc enemy vessels including merchant men two corvettes and a destroy er in Japanese waters northwest of New Ireland and completed heir job without a loss Allied planes returned to Ka baul New Britain to deliver 45ton bombinc assault on thc enemys major base in the south west Pacific and pounded ajrain at Panapai airdrome at Kavieng New Ireland No enemy fijrhters challenged thc raid on Rabaul possibly indicating thc Japanese have none to spare There was no letup in the allied pressure in Me ChinaBurmafn dian theater where allied com manders believe thc showdown fight with Japan will come Maj Gen Claire L Chennault commander of the Hth U S air force in China expressed his be lief that China must be used in the final defeat of Japan and that new bases are going up to handle thc enormous amount ot supplies needed for any major op eration The leader of the flying tigers announced that his flyers had sunk 201150 tons of Japanese shipping in attacks from Oct 1 1013 to date Japs Report War NAZI FLAK DOWNS FLYING flight of thc Decisive Stage flying fortress Lady Liberty is recorded in thc above By UXITED photos Picture at the lop was made just a few seconds be A military commentator of thc fore the ship was hit by nazi flak on a mission over occu pied Europe In thc next view the tail assembly is com j cific had entered the pietely destroyed by a direct hit and in lower photo the fort I wilt lhc American attack on la is on its last downward flight Official U S army air sm1 aval air base at forces photo porntcd oul lhat thc oil refineries on Hie Persian gulf could be protected by the Ger mans against bombing He was invited to Berlin to discuss thc lan less than a month before the Jutted States entered the war Biddle disclosed In thc summer of 1342 Bedaux undertook to construct a pipeline across the Sahara desert which he said would bring edible oils from French West Africa to shipping points on the Mediterranean in or der to relieve the critical shortagi of such oils in Europe Reaching Algiers in October 1942 Bedaux set up headquarter in the Aletti hotel and began ti assemble an expedition of mei and eqinpment scheduled to mo1 on Nov 15British and American forces invaded North Africa on Nov 8 It was shortly atterwarc that he was arrested Bedaux had been a friend of th Duke of Windsor tor manv years The Duke and Mrs Wnllis War field Simpson were married in Be dsuxs chateau near Tours ii June 1H37 Several months la lei when the duke and duchess dc cided to go to the United State to study industry and housing Bedaux appeared as sponsor of tin trip His sponsorship caused a lou protest from labor and the Iri subsequently was cancelled Buy War Savings Bonds am Stamps from your GlobcGazett carrier boy ;