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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 19, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOVVANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION TTTTTTl VOL XLIX FIVE CENTS A COPY JLL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 19 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS NO 114 Americans Fighting Mad Because They Have to Move Back Instead of Ahead in Tunisia By HAROLD V BOYLE WITH U S FORCES IN TU NISIA Feb 17 Jerry threw his Sunday punch at us with men guns and tanks and that in part is the story of the American retreat in Tunisia The bloody battlefields Uttered with broken vehicles and marked with the cross of Germany as well as the star of America testify that the nazis had no margin in cour age Out into the long valley and into the hills they marched and rolled on of Ameri can soldiers fighting mad because they had to march backward to ward New York instead ol forward toward Tunis and Sfax To the Germans it was a retreat To the Americans it was a strate gic withdrawal But whatever name its called it had just one effect on the American soldiers and that was to get back at the Germans with all they have just as soon as the commanders give the word As one who watched for three straight days as American tank men threw away their lives in a gamble to stem the onward ava lanche of the German armored force I for one couldnt question the decision to withdraw Thats why German patrols roam the plains of the Sbeitla Feriana valley Wednesday night and the sleepless French and American guards watch from the hills overlooking the yellow acres dotted with blossoming almond trees green olive groves and spiky cactus As one who has slept and eaten in the field for almost two months steadily more successful opera tions with every branch of the American army I had my first op portunity to see how they reacted when the going really got tough Well heres the way one infan tryman summed it up after plod ding 15 miles crosscountry at night That means it will take us an other week more now to win this war But every week I have spent away from the United States be cause of those kraut hounds makes me just that much sorer at them Typical was the reaction of an antiaircraft gunner Pvt Michael Higgins Jr 25 of New York City The whole valley was red with explosions as we destroyed every thing of value that we couldnt take he said The Germans wont find enough food left to feed a canary or enough fuels to keep a cigaret lighter going We dont like to move back We want to fight We cant win a war by moving back and we want to get back at them as soon as we are given the word The withdrawal was orderly and without any signs of panic It began two nights ago and continued as American fank ar tillery and infantry forces held the Germans from a major break through These outfits then with drew themselves still engaging the enemy The removal at Sbeitla went on as scheduled despite the fact that German artillery shelled the town during the night and their tanks made a futile twohour push be ginning at 2 a in to seize the town under cover of darkness By dawn they still had a fight on their hands before entering All allied planes at Tliclepte air field long a sore spot to the Ger man ground forces as well as to nazi flyers were safely flown away and the French and Ameri can forces stationed at nearby Fev iana marched into the adjoining hills without hurry French pack trains would slowly tin men loaded with equipment Last to come out was a company of light tanks with their guns still warm from a successful delaying engagement with a German arm ored column As the plucky little tanks rolled up the mountain through falling snow several French soldiers saved by their stand cheered and shouted at them Smiling tankmen waved back The fingers of every soldier were parted in the V signal for ROMMEL ENDS THRUST IN TUNISIA RUSSIANS ONLY 30 MILES FROM OREL IN DRIVE Russian Pressure on Clamp Around Donets Basin Is Increased RAFBlasts F R FIRM ON urerman Naval MOSCOW hardhit ting red army smashing defenses in Orel province has captured Zalegoshch only 30 miles east of Orel on the railway from Yelets and several other unidentified towns have been taken by highly mobile soviet troops operating 10 miles behind the broken front line in this sector the Russians an nounced Friday Tajanrots lifeline was se vered northwest of Rostov with the red armys capture of Mal vcevKursan 25 miles north of the Sea of Azov port on the rail road to Gorlovka In the western Caucasus the red army continued to drive the Ger mans huddled against the sea coast towaid the Taman penin sulawhere escape across the Kerch straitinto the Crimea might be attempted Tiie Russian clamp laid around the Donets basin increased the pressure on the Germans as nu merous settlements were captured in sectors west Noyoshakhtinsk southwestof Voroshilovgrad and in the Kramtorsk area The German high command communique broadcast from Ber lin said the Russians maintained attacks on the Donets frontin the area of Kharkov southeast ot Orel southeast of Lake llmen south of Lake Ladoga and neai Leningrad but failed to gain The reel army drives were variously declared to have been repelled 01 frustrated The communique as serted that German attacks south of Novorossisk the last major Caucasian port in the invaders hands gained further ground German bombers again attacked the Arctic port of Murmansk witr good effect it said Front line dispatches said tha west of Kharkov soviet artillerj smashed German counterattacks and mobile units dashed in to bat ter at the flanks of the German troops and speed the retreat The closest large city west of Kharkov is rpllava which well may be an objective A city with a population of 100000 it is 84 miles west of Kharkov on tlic river Vorskla and is the center of Russias sugar territory It also produces a great deal of flour It was Hie scene of famous bat tles with Swedish armies in 1709 during the reign of Peter I a war which started Russia on its path as a power in Europe Remnants of the German Khar kov garrison fled in the direction of Poltava because it lies on the KharkovKiev railway and is the only city of any size on the great Ukrainian steppe now lashed by bitter wind and snow sjorms to which the Germans could with draw Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued mild Friday afternoon Friday night and Saturday forenoon Lowest temperatures Friday night in Mason City 30 IOWA Continued mild Friday night and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Continued mild Friday night and Saturday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 37 Minimum Thursday night 30 At 8 a m Friday 38 The mercury arose above the freezing point Thursday for the first time in nine days YEAR AGO Maximum 3 4 Minimum IB below Base Again LONDON bombers back to attack Wilhelm shaven German naval base Thurs day night md other allied air craft attacked rail lines on the continent and shipping off the coast the air ministry announced Fridav Seven planes including four bombers wore lost in the nights operations the ministry said The attack on Wilhelmshavcn was heavy as the bombing run was made in tood weather it was said The last previous attack on the naval base was Feb 11 The German high commands Broadcast communique declared ihat in the raid on Wilhelmshavcn the population particularly in the surrounding localities suffered losses It claimed nine bombers shot down Railways and canal lines in France and Belgium were the con tinental targets A medium sized enemy supply ship was hit off the Dutch coast and set on fire a ministry com munique said but results were difficult to observe as coastal com mand aircraft sought shipping tar gets in that area Besides the four bombers lost two fighters and one of the coastal command craft failed to return the ministry acknowledged The raid was the 12th night at tack on Germany this month REPORT GANDHI GROWS WEAKER 2 of Sons Called to Bedside of Indian BOMBAY India Mohandas K Gandhis sons were called to his bedside Friday as fears for his survival in creased on the 10th day of his projected 21 day last A government bulletin from the nine doc t o r s watching over t h e 73 year old Indian nationalist lead er said ho was growing weak er in mind and body and his heart action was feebler Friends of Gandhi rcmnine confident that he would survive Thcv oointcd out that before h embarked upon it he said he dii not intend to die From his cigh previous fasls they said he know his exact endurance Hamdas Gandhi went to Poon Fvidav and saw his father at th Aga Khans palace where the ma hatma is detained as one of th instigators ot last summers blood nationalist riots Devadas Gandhi editor of th Hindustan Times at Delhi als was notified by the governmen that his fathers condition was se rious and left for Poona Devada is Gandhis youngest and favorit son Reports from the palace sai Gandhis mind was still clear an he was cracking jokes in a fecbl voice with visitors He was sisting on holding his glass whil sipping water though his hanc were weak and shaky Sarojini poetess wa cooking meals for watchers at th mahatmas bedside TOTAL OF MEN ARMY REQUIRES Says Adequate Supplies Are Available for Large Military Force WASHINGTON oosevelt said Friday that it was ecidcd last August how many icn should go into the army this ear anci that so far us the farm ibor shortage was concerned he liought use of young people of igh school age could do a lot to elieve it Thc decision on the size of the army he emphasized dictated by military necessity He said it called for 500000 men exclusive of officers by next Dec 31 With other services it was irought out in an exchange of uestions with reporters at his jress conference this would mean a total of 10800000 in all armed ervices Manpower officials have indi cated in recent statements that he total in all armed services vould pass 11000000 by the end of theyear A reporter remarked there had been an argument that munitions and supplies could not be fur nished for so large a force and lisa for Icndleasc commitments The president replied that there vas absolutely nothing to hat munitions would be available for all The farm labor situation came j up when 3 reporter asked if i Sir Roosevelt was worried over the contention by some that was impossible to have an army of that size and raise all the food needed Mr Roosevelt replied that he was of course concerned Then he went on to relate a story he said a newspaper man told him in Casablanca of how Moscow met a serious food and fuel problem in the spring of 1942 The president said the Russians took over 300000 school children and planted every acre about the city as soon ns the cokl was out of the ground Then these young people cut wood in the forest and in that way Moscow was supplied with enough food and fuel to lisc on He told the story he said just by vray of illustration of what could be done when manpower was lacking He had said in the past he re called thit he believed younger people could help farmers very materially Without mentioning the name he related also a story of how practically the whole population of an American community turned out last year to gather the prune crop of neighboring farm ers Asked for comment on the bill by Representative Kildny D Tex to defer married men until all single men were drafted the president said he was not familiar with the measure but that the question was not one of married or single men but one of getting physically fit men American Gets Chance to Plow With Camels MIDLOTHIAN Texas Martin A Reese wrote his paren from an undisclosed countr where hes serving with the army Jap Shipping Airdromes Hit by Bombers ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA ship ping and airdromes at Maclang Neiv Guinea and at Bum in the Solomon islands were the targets of a heavy allied aerial offensive in the southwest Pacific Thursday n headquarters communique said Friday Catalina bombers attacking from medium altitudes ranged for two hours over the Kahili air drome at Buin destroying a num ber of enemy aircraft and setting explosions that caused fires in dispersal and dump areas visible for 50 miles it was stated The Japanese sent up heavy bursts of antiaircraft fire but all of the allied planes vctvirned safe lyATo enemy croft contested the ALLIES ADJUST NORTH LINES TO NEW SITUATION Montgomery Seizes Key Point in German Defenses on South Ky DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA IP Marshal Ervvin Rommels sledgehammer drive through central Tunisia has come to at least a temporary halt the Algerian frontier an al lied communique indicated Fri day but to the north allied lines were being readjusted to meet the Mme Chiang Says U S Can Help Most bySending Arms F R Stresses China Churchill Is in Bed With Acute Catarrh LONDON Minister Churchill confined to his bed by a cold has acute catarrh of the upper respiratory passages a statement from No 10 Downing street announced Tirpitz Has Target Practice in North Sea Walked by a field where fellow was plowing he wa vorking a team of camels He let me plow a couple Its not as fast as lour irow jobs at home LONDON Reuters dis patch from Stockholm Friday said the Tirpitz Germanys most pow of erful battleship has been engag ing in target practice in he North sea ADDRESSES private citizen of any country to appear on the rostrum of congress Mme Chiang KaiShek wife of Chinas generalissimo stands behind a bat tery of microphones left above to speakto the members of the house of representatives At her left sits Speaker of the House Sum Rayburn Before her appearance in the house she addressed the United States senate to Be Base for Attack Against Japanese WASHINGTON iP Madame Chiang KaiShek said at the white house Friday that Ameri cans could help the Chinese best by sending more implements ol war and President Roosevelt de clared this was going to be clone as quickly as the Lord will let us President and Mrs Roosevelt united in their press conferences for the first time and the first lady of China and the chief execu tive both submitted to question ing if if At cue point Sir Roosevelt recmphasizcd the intention of the united nations to use China actively as a base for attacking Japan while efforts continue to snip Japanese lints in the Pacific islands To a question as to how aid to the Chinese might be stepped up Matter1 Chiang referred to the presidents remark about as soon as the Lord will let us and said she append the saying that the Lord helps those who helps themselves The press conference turned to the question of the size of the American army and Mr Roosevelt asserted that the goal was still 7 300000 men in khaki by the end of 1943 lie said that he could not now figure beyond that point At that time he said there will be approximately 10800000 the armed services in all More than 200 reporters crowd ed into the chief executives cir cular office for the joint press conference Mme Chlanjr KaiSiiek sat in one of the presidents big arm chairs her feel failing by sev eral inches to reach the floor Again she wore an ankle length black dress with a collar high on the neck This lime her dress wa splotched with blue and white flowers On her left shoulder wa a jeweled aviation pin Mrs Roosevelt attired in street dress sat on one ide of their visitor and the president on the other The president had told report ers not to attempt to ask any catch questions and Madame Chiang said she was sure she would not be heckled with any Mr Roosevelt emphasized that transportation is the key to KeUinff more assistance to the Chinese Madame Chiaiift said has been fighting for years without overhead pro tection and sometimes only with swords Asked whether China is using all her manpower effectively in I he effort to smash the Japanese she replied that nil the manpower is being employed to the extent that munitions are available for it The Chinese she said cannot fight bare handed Mr Roosevelt said the Ameri can people are all Tor sending more munitions to the Chinese but he pointed out that this can not be done directly except by air over the route from the south west Commenting on a question about American air forces in China Madame Chiang said that the American volunteer sroup not only has given material aid and helped to prevent indiscriminate bombing of civilian centers but nlso brought to the Chinese the feeling that America really is with them in the common cause ot combatting aggression She said she thought the great est help is in the thought that the Chinese have not fought and bled alone Turning to the present Ameri can air forces in her homeland she remarked that China her self had trained pilots and had manpower but lacked planes and gasoline She raised the question how they would be obtained But President Roosevelt she continued has solved so many problems and come through so i many crises with flying colors be left safely with him Taking Iris cue at this point the chief executive observed that we are beginningto send help in in creased volume But he suggest ed a look at the map which would show the difficulty of get ting assistance into China We are just as Keen to knock out Japan as are the Chinese Mr Roosevelt asserted and we shall do all we can in that di rection But the Japanese lines are a lone way from Tokio as well as a long way from this country he added and he said it is not enough to move for ward inch by inch and island by island By taking one island a montt it would require about 50 years to get to Jnpun was his estimate The president said the way to hit Japan is near the top of the Japanese lines and lie said this would be done more and more by using China as a base of opera tions This will mean hitting the Japanese in the Japanese islands themselves Mr Roosevelt said remarking that this is a definite a I thatshe At Maclang a liberator bombcrl he airdrome dispersal areas anci Australian beaufightcrs attacked he waterfront and destroyed 01 damaged a 300ton auxiliary schooner and a 30foot launch headquarters announced An enemy cruiser in the harboi at Dili Portuguese Timor was th target for a formation ofMitchS bombers which dropped quarter ton missiles from a medium alti iudp in the lace of considerabli antiaircraft fire from the and from land Ground patrols continued active in the WauMubo area of New Guinea with 10 more Japanese dead counted in the latest fight ing it was announced A spokesman for General Doug las MatArthur disclosed that Lt Gen Walter Kvuegcr had assumed command ot American troops in the southwest Pacific area a command to beknown as the sixth army in an administrative setup which was described as be ing without any special opera tional significance new situation w French troops have been withdrawn from Pichon about 40 miles north of the Faid pass area where Rommel started Ins drive Sunday it was announced This indicated that the allied lines to the north were beins re adjusted to stronger defensive po sitions to face the threat to their right flank American armored forces final ly had stabilized their lines in the TunisianAlgerian border area however and Rommels drive tu percd off to mere skirmishing in the Fcriana sector 150 miles south west of Tunis Little activity was reported in this sector tlic allied communique Army Bomber Crashes Near Hutchinson Kans Crew Members Killed HUTCHINSON Kans army bomber crashed and burned early Friday a mile and a half northeast or Hutchinson lulling its crew members Undcrsherirf Dixon said at least three bodies were in the wreckage which still was burning four hours after the crash Officers of the Hutchinson naval air base took charge Officers at the army air base near Salina said their information was that the plane was from a field at Kearney Ncbr policy Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy After a furious four days of bat Lie in which Rommel punched a hole move than GO miles deep in allied lines it appeared that his drive had run down Because of the push of the British eighth army of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery in the south many observers assumed the axis marshal mis lit temporarily suspend further operations toward the Algerian plateau f Montgomery a Cairo com munique disclosed Friday had seized Foiim Titahouino a key point on the Matmala range oE hills which for ma natural defense barrier on the southern flank of the Mareth line Ramadn further south had been captured earlier last week A German broadcast reported that the British eighth and first armies arc moving up on both flanks in a developing northsouth squeeze The Cairo dispatches indicated that Foiim Tatahounc had been taken without much opposition but 30 miles to the north Mont gomery apparently had run into resistance and his artillery bat teries were reported dueling will ALGERIA J REOEYEF NEW AMERICAN indicate sector where American troops pushed back 66 miles in southern Tunisia were reforming following the fall of Sbeitla Kasserine and 1enaiia to threepronged German assault Heavy black line is comparative IV l JJ t 1VH f 1 M inl rt i ises wnn i tying colors vjeiiuan aasauit t ricavv black line is compn thoushi the matter could ly stable front in central Tunisia a sector manned chiefly by British and French ;