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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 18, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OP PE3 KOINES U HUfoftY THE NEWSPAKR THAT Associated PMU United PrtM MAKES A1LL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HAU Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE f m WSUI lows City Wedandjr 7U n WOI Amis Friday p m XSCJ Bluux y WTAD QuJney 111 9 p m An Outsider Takes a Look at Miami A PRINCIPAL Impression lef on this commentator during weeks visit in Miami Fla 1 that the subtropical city whic in a half century has zoomed from an unincorporated village to population of nearly 300000 is i the midst of what might be re ferred to as growingup pains Up to now Miamis only clair to national notice has been base on its attractiveness as a vacatio center It is known for its spangle and its glitter for its palm tree and its sandy beaches Now its people particular those encaged in like more than anything else 1 the world to shift the spolligh to Miamis industry and indus trial potential T manufacturing shipping and distribution JOHN S KNIGHT famous news paper publisher whose prop erties include the Miami Herald stressed this point in his addres at the luncheon of managing edi tors which I attended recently He really played it for all It wa worth One of the facts stressed by him was that more commercia planes engaged in foreign servici take off and land at Miamis air ports than at all of the other air ports in the United States com bined Thats a way of saying o course that Miami is the key point in SatenAmerican ai travel Other points in Mr Knights at tempt to picture Miami as a grea and growing industrial center were not so impressive TVHE plain fact is that Miami in its quest for industrial great ness faces some tremendous handicaps These seem to break down into 2 major items 1 Miami while a sizable city itself is jiot the center of any great population The ocean is a barrier on the east Lake Okeecho commonly known as the It on the west The Everglades are only slightly more densely populated than the ocean 2 When youre in Miami youre a long long way from the place where goods manufactured in Miami or received there bytwater or air would be consumed or used The remaining distance would likely be covered by rail anc water transportation to some more northerly port would prove ever so much less costly There you have it the 2 most imposing obstacles confronting Miami in her ambition to become something more than a resort city of a dense population in its own environs and remotenes from a sizable market T SHOULD add here however that the Miami seekers after an industrial future are aware of the difficulties facing them and are making an attempt to do some thing about the matter particu larly with respect to the dearth of people in the Miami hinter lands One of the ambitious plans be ins considered by them is to pro vide drainage for a considerable part of the Everglades and make the land suitable for agricultural truck citrus fruiis sugar cane rice and other crops adapted to south Floriaas subtropical climate If possible at this is project would prove very costly The difficulties are numerous and impressive TWfOST of the southern part oj call it Miami covered by this Lake Okeechobee or the Everglades Incidentally 1 was interested to learn that this body of water is the 2nd largest inland frosh water lake wholly within the United Stales Okeechobee covers about 725 square miles and its surface on the average is only 15 feet above sea level The lake tapers off into marshland and in only a few places is it as deep as 16 feet The Everglades basin is figured to include some 5500 square roughly the equivalent of 10 Iowa counties problem arises from the lack of gradient for drainage As a matter of fact the slope of the soil is less than a quarter of what is necessary to provide for adequate runoff of water Theres the added fact that the soil has high capillary attraction ana offers resistance to lateral movement of soli water Then after drainage is effected the makeup of the soil is such as to create drought conditions almost overnight This is another way of saying that after a way is found to drain off the marsh land provision will nave to be made straightway for PAGE Bowles Tells Congress ftiKZ Conilrts vi Twtt Sreflomgedim THREAT LOOMS IN NATIONWIDE PHONE DISPUTE Executive Board of Union Recommends Strike Over Wages By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The threat of a nationwide tele phone strike loomed Monday a the executive board of the Na tional Federation of Telephone Workers recommended that it 260000 members strike to suppor wagehour demands The board meeting at Memphis Tenn recommended the strike bu took no immediate action on its recommendation Joseph A Beirne president of the Independent NFTW said The situation will be discussed thor oughly at further meetings this week The strike recommendation was innounced as the steel strike of iicially ended for more than 380 000 CIO steelworkers Negotiators trying to find com mon ground between General Motors Corp and the CIO united auto workers were balked br the union security issue At Lancast er Fa a general strike ol ap proximately 12000 AFi unionists nreatened to stagnate the citys business and industrial life At Chicago an example of how a labor dispute can be resolved y peaceful means was being urnished by la railroad brother ipods and 130 class 1 railroads 1 wo arbitration boards opened hearings oh the unions wagede File Strike Notice St Paul North western Union of Telephone Workers representing 13500 employes in 5 midwest states includingIowa has filed a strike notice with the depart ment of labor in accordance with the SmlthConnally Act mands with both parties to the dispute having agreed in advance o accept the boards decisions as final and binding sSteel Corp spokesman aid it would take 3 or 4 weeks o attain full production after the week stoppage by CIO teel workers David J MacDonald CIOUSW ecretarytreasurer reported we have hundreds of conferences oing on all over the country at vhich it was expected the smaller teel concerns would join the who already have settled the union on the basis of n 18 cents hourly wage raise ompensated for by a a ton oost in the price of steel Companies which already have igned up include U S Steel with 30000 workers Bethlehem 75 00 Republic 38700 Youngstown heet and Tube 20000 and In and 12000 One of the few basic steel plants ot involved in the steel strike ne Weirton Steel Co announced t would pay hourly piecework and tonnage employes a 22 cents ourly increase The 10000 work ers at Weirton W Va and Steu enville Ohio are not represent by the CIO but have an inde endent union of their own Union security had top place on he agenda for Monday afternoons onference between TJAWCIO nd General Motors officials at Detroit Special Mediator James F eTy after Sundays ssslon that this issue is causing lore trouble than the 1 cent dif irence between the unions de land for a 19J4 cents hourly raise nd the companys latest offer of cents FACES INFLATION CRISIS CATHOLIC PARTY LEADS BELGIUM Group Is Pledged to Return King Leopold Brussels results o heBelgian gav the right wing Catholic party hedged to return King Leopold t his throne 92 seats Monday in th chamber of deputies but left i majority of the 202 short of members Premier Achille Van Ackers so cialist parly ran second with 70 seats The communists won 23 he liberal 16 and a ijewparty o he democratic union the U D By custom the Catholic leader Baron Henri Carton De Wiart will be asked to form a govern ment The re turns showed a gain of 19 seats for the Catholic party since the last elections held in 1939 The question remained how e v e r whether De Wiart would be able to form a coalition with one of the min ority parties to gain a working King Leopold majority If he is un ole to do so it was believed the egent would ask Van Acker to fy to form a government ATTONTOTALK TO FARM GROUP James G Patton Denver Colo abonal president of the Farmers Union will speak at the Y M C A in Mason City Monday eve ung at it was announced by E Harthan Ventura Cerro Gordo county president Patton was a weekend guest at he home of Fred Stover Hampton owa Farmers Union president allowing Pattons appearance at Jne National Farm Institute in Des Moines He will speak at the nnual box social of the organiza Vtrikes At a Glance P ASSOCIATED PRESS CUtting total of 1C in labor Major developments hourly hike sought agree decision of 2 IS L S PRELATES AWAIT NOTICE OF tour U S prelates wait at the Vatican chancellory in Rome Monday where they received formal notice of their tion to the Sacred College of Cardinals Left to rightJohn J Cardinal Glennon archbishop of StLouis Edward Mooney archbishop of Detroit Samuel A Car I Chicago and Francis J Car dinal Spellman archbishop of New YorkThey were made princes of the Roman Catholic church at a consistory of the sacred college in the The college went into session a m and adjourned 35 min utes later Pope Pius XII and 28 of the 37 members of the college were present and participated in the centuriesold ceremonies ol electing the new cardinals The pontiff in a 5minute al locution declared that the desig nation of the new Cardinalsin cluding 4 from the United States and representing every continent into a new light the uni versality of the church The cardinals Included Arch bishops Francis J Spellman of New York City John J Glennon of St Louis Samuel A Stritch of Chicago and Edward Mooney of Detroit America now has 5 cardinals Dennis Cardinal Doueherty of Philadelphia having been elevated o cardinal previously Immediately after adjournment the emissaries took word of the appointments to the designees as sembled at 10 different points to eceive the second highest honor heir church can bestow It was the largest number of lew cardinals ever created at one time in the history of the Roman Catholic church The pope told the consistory hat he had long meditated the creation of the new princes of the church but that the war had pre vented his acting until the present ime Today finally with the eessa ion of conflict we are able o carry out our plans of creating new cardinals meditated for a ng time he said The universality of the church s brought under a new light since the church does not belong to any one race one people or one lation but to all psoples of the human family the pope said The pope added that he conflict had ended real peace s not showing yet Archbishop Josef Mindszenty inmate of Hungary and one of the 2 new cardinals was scheduled to rrive here during the day in a Jmted States air transport plane mally granted Russian clearance o attend the consistories Archbishops Johannes De Long f Utrecht and JulesGeraud Sa ege of Toulouse who were unable o attend because of illness also ecamecardinals in absentia Vfason Cityan Due o Land in States Pfc Raymond Decker Mason City is scheduled to arrive in the states on the Gen Anderson due m New York Monday according to an AP wire received here Anderson Suggests World Farm Group Sioux City world agri cultural organization as a means of promoting peace was sug gested by Clinton P Anderson secretary of agriculture in a speech here Saturday told an audience of 1700 persons that the world can save itself only through food and that farmers may have to make sacrifices if the worlds need for food is to be met Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and warmer Monday night lowest tempera ture about 28 Tuesday partly cloudy and colder Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday Warmer in the extreme north portion nightandLine north east portion Tuesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy am warmerMonday night with ligh snow north portion Tuesday partly cloudy with snow flurries north portion Colder west nor tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Monday morning Maximum 43 Minimum 21 At 8 a m Monday z YEAR AGO Maximum 15 Minimum 4 GlobeGazette weather tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 32 1C 24 WILL WALK AGAINContributions 57 have been received from as far away as Seattle Wash tensen trust fund for Tommy Chris tensen 7 of Waterloo who lost both legs beneath the wheels of a fraght train last month Tommy is assured onfartificial of receiving tnedu S nurses with him are Clara Luck K and A en identJCal twins AP Donovan and MacNider at Legion Confab Des Moines ff Mai Gen William J Wild Bill Donovan of New York who led the famous Fighting C9th in World War I was scheduled to be the principal speaker at Monday nights ses sion of service officers of the Iowa department of the Ameri an Legion More than 1000 representatives of the states GOO Legion posts ar rived Sunday for tfie opening of the 2day conference and instruc tlon school Other scheduled speakers Mon day night include Hanford Mac Nider Mason City a past nation al commander the HI Rev Msgr Edward J Smith Sioux City na chaplain Gov Robert D Blue James F Barton formerly of Fort Dodge now director of Legion publications in York and Walter Muff Sioux City gvand chefde gare 40 8 Legion officials announced that the ia4G Hawkeye Boys State would be held June 310 at Camp Dodge with enrollment limited to 720 boys A comprehensive study in American government and a variety of recreation will be pro vided the boys selected by the Legion posts Heappointed camp director of Boys State was Jordan Larsen superintendent of a veteran of both world wars No Boys State was held in 1945 Iowas Legion now has a mem bership totaling 82G00 it was an nouncedMonday The record high enrollment came as more than 40000 men and women recently returned from the armed forces joined posts throughout the state BACKS TRUMAN PROPOSAL FOR WAGES PRICES Bowles Appears Before Congressmen to Urge Extension of Controls Washington Chester Bowles told congress Monday the nation faces an inflationary ex plosion with pressure up to the bursting point But he declared that President Trumans new wageprice policy is a program that will work with little or no effect on food rent or clothing prices if the bulge in the stabilization line is notper mittefl to become a breakthrough I think it is a good program and I mean to put everything Ive got into making it succeed the newly designated stabilization boss said in testimony prepared for the house banking committee Bowles appeared to urge exten sion at the earliest possible mo ment ot the price control and other stabilization acts now set to expire June 30 He called too for action by congress to stop the in flation in the real estate market if the administrations new homes forveterans program is to suc ceed And he said the food sub sidy program must be continued The price chief acknowledged that the new wageprice policy is i program adding under the circumstances not that which we face there can be no perfect program It would be difficult he told the committee to exaggerate the m HANFORD MacNIDER LEGION BACKS STELLECHARGE Leaders Seek Move Information on VA Indianapolis Le gion leaders are backing National Commander John Stclle in his criticism of veterans and are going after more am munition The Legion executive committee n special session Sunday voted to scour the country every month hrough the 13400 Legion posts or facts on veterans administra tion operations Stclle will report on what they find It was decided to send him to Washington with a committee to rail on Gen Omar N Bradley VA lead who declined an invitation o appear here Meeting amid the heat of a con troversy stirred by Stelles assault on Bradleys administration and he Legion commanders demand or a congressional investigation ommitteemen unanimously ap iroved a resolution which said Stelle was acting on Legion in ormation and carry out conven ion mandates There was a substantial fail ure in administration of veterans affairs and Stelle had noother alternative than to bring it to the ittention of congress and the pub ic and we commend and approve his taking that action Since Stelle acted Bradley has aken steps to correct failures nd to improve service The Legion is ever ready as it Iways has been to work with Jradley and has not and does not cmand the VA chiefs resigna ion or removal Some of the wild life around Valden pond which Thorcau im mortalized 100 years ago is more umerous today than in his time we face Everywheremen are beUJnjr on inflation A speculative fever has taken hold ofthe country The pressure in the boiler is up to the bursting point The lobbyists and the prof iteers are licking their chops It Is going to take firm and decisive action we are to hold this country on an even keel Reviewing government actions since VJ day Boxvlcs said that looking back It is perfectly clear that we moved too fast and oo soon in stripping off the war time controls While he said the relaxed post war wageprice policy worked well on the whole and that G000000 workers received wage increases through orderly col lective bargaining since VJ day Bowles added that nonetheless the policy broke down in a number of vitally important areas Turning to the new program which removes the 6month wait ing period before industry can ask for price increases to offset wage boosts and provides that such boosts conform to industry or area patterns Bowles asked himself Boes this mean general price increases throughout the entire economy Emphatically it does not he declared and it Is vitally import ant that we understand why this is so First of all lets remember that the number of industries which have been or are likely to be forced below their prewar earn ings for any reason is relatively very small The present pattern of wage increases can be and in maWin5tances has already been established in scores of industries with no price consequence what soever It is generally true of such industries as the food processing and petroleum industries where labor cost is a relatively small part of the total sales dollar It is true of the apparel industry and many others where labor costs represent a higher proportion ot total where profits gen erally have been abnormally high It is less true of some of the metal using industries where labor costs direct and indirect repre sent a sizeable factor in the total price Bowles said food prices repre sent 40 per cent ot the total cost of living rents 19 per cent and clothing 12 per cent and that in each case the new policy will have little or no effort And what is true of food prices rents and apparel prices he con tinued is generally true of fur niture prices the prices of house furnishings and services It Is in some of the metal usinjr industries a relatively small section of the cost of living line where some price increases will be needed There will of course Bowles went on be loud cries from the now I want mine boys And there will be sober and under standable requests from many farmers for the removal ot food subsidies ;