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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OEPARTMtNT OF HtSTOSY ANO ARCHIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOl L HOME EDITION irnrm Associated Press and Umled Press Full Icaicd Wires Five Cents a Copyi MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUAKY IS 1944 Nazis Admit Staraya Russa Loss as Lines Continue to Crack Up London Germans announced Friday the evacuation ot Staraya Russa their mightiest base between Leningrad and Smolensk in a broadening craekup of defenses which seemed to presage the complete German ot northern Russia The red army triumph south ot Lake llmen came just a day after the Russians said they had com pleted the liquidation of the Ger man 8th array trapped around Korsun near the Dnieper bend inflicting on the enemy his worst single disaster in Russia since Stalingrad Marshal Stalin announced that 52000 had been killed and 11000 captured from the 10 divisions and a brigade Another 21900 had been killed in futile efforts to break open the trap bringing tola German losses around Kor sun to 84900 Berlins account of the newest retreat toward the Baltic states reflected Hitlers growing raan crisis The Germans as serted that the retreat was neces sary to shorten the front and gain further operational reserves Moscow has not yet confirmed the victory Actually Staraya bas tion on the Lovat been outflanked by Russian offensives from captured Novgorod north of Lake llmen and south from Leningrad to within 27 miles of Pskov These columns had reached positions 200 miles due east Staraya Russa and the red army was astride the direct east west railway retreat or supply line The evacuation of Staraya Rus sa save the Russians control of all but the extreme western tip of Lakellmen and even there the rail junction of Shimsk seemed about ready to fall The Germans countered Stalins victory claim of Thursday night with the assertion that a relief tank force had broken through to the trapped remnants of the Ger man 8th army in the middle Ukraine 1 West ot Cherkasy in bitter de fense and attacks which lasted several days connection with cut off German lighting groups has been reestablished a Berlin broad The nazis asserted that a corridor wascut through the ranks of the numerically su perior Russians and said fighting was fluctuating A mere 2000 or 3000 German officers escaped from the trap by plane said a communique oE the soviet information bureau Hitler had ordered the trapped troops to hold their positions at all costs Moscow said and save direct instructions lo the en circled German officers and men lo commit suicide if their position IIy became hopeless Many did so according to the soviet commu nique In addition to the heavy losses inflicted on the besieged nazis Moscow said Field Marshal Fritz Von Mannsteins final futile coun terattacks Thursday from outside the red armys encircling lines cost him 1800 men and 51 tanks and selfpropelled guns Ot the booty captured in the 100 square Roosevelt Veto of AntiSubsidy Bill Sustained Washington resident Roosevelt fired the antisubsidy bill back to congress with a veto Friday and promptly won his battle for subsidies when oppon ents failed to muster enough strength to override the veto in the house The house voted 226 lo 151 lo pass the bill over the veto 23 votes short of the necessary two thirds majority Thus the veto was sustained Mr Roosevelt in his veto mes sage called the subsidy repealer an inflation measure a high cost of living measure a food shortage same language he used in rejecting similar legis 8 lowans Vote to Override F R Veto Washington 8 re publican congressmen voted to override President Roosevelts veto of legislation opposing sub sidies but then ended up on the losing side because the necessary majority was not achieved This Paper Coniists cl Two One NO 115 JAPS HINT TRUK LANDING HAWAIIAN 15 Pearl Harbor mile trap clay said Stalins order of the The entire German equipment and war material was captured by our troops Von Mannstein lost in addition lo the 21900 men killed 320 planes including 179 junkers 52 It trimotorcd transport planes 600 lation last summer His veto was sustained on that occasion also Republicans voted preponder antly to override the president Friday and were joined by a sub stantial number democrats from farming areas The house action obviated the necessity of the senates voting on the veto The subsidy repealer was at tached as a rider to a bill extend ing the life of the commodity credit corporation which expired Thursday Speaker Rayburn D Tex said the corporation would be continued by new legislation The subsidy repeal measure re ceived topheavy majorities in both houses It passed the house 278 to 117 on Nov 23 and the sen ate43 to 28 last week The administration had sought subsidies in the amount ot 000000 for the purpose of holding down retail food prices during 1944 The icost of subsidies on about 17 key food commodities includ ing meats butter sugar milk and bread cxxeeded 51000000000 last year Price Administrator Chester Bowles has vedicted food prices would rise at least 7 per cent with out subsidies F R Says Bill Is Inflationary Washington em phatic and vigorous disapproval President Roosevelt vetoed Friday an antisubsidy bill sent to him by congress less than 24 hours earlier The bill he said is an infla tion measure a high cost of liv ing measure a lood shortage meas ure The legislation proposed to end government subsidy payments for food after June 30 In addition it tanks and 372 guns between Feb would extend the life PACIFIC Arrow in the above map allows the location of Truk islands Japans Pearl Har bor which have been assaulted by American task forces in a bold move into the heart of the Caroline islands Allies Open Attack on Cassino Thundering 6 Hour Barrage Made on GermanTositions By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Naples troops moving up under cover of a thundering 6hour barrage from hundreds of guns one of the most intense ol the Mediterranean war began on attack on the town slopes of and Mt Cassino before dawn Friday morning Al the same time allied head quarters announced that Ameri can and British troops on the beachhead below Rome with the aid of one of the greatest air um brellas ever raised in the Mediter ranean had beaten back the headon attack made by the Germans in an effort lo drive the allies into the sea al any cost The attack on Cassino and Monastery hill was with the bene fit of a deadly hail of steel which switched like a whip from the town to the mountain and back again where the Germans were holding out in pillboxes in the torn and battleblackened houses and around the ruined monastery ot Monte Cassino The fire from these pillboxes prevented the initial attempts to occupy the crest of Monastery hill just after a terrific bombing by flying fortresses and olhcr air craft which levelled the ancient abbey on Tuesday Just before the barrage ended shortly before dawn the allied troops went into the attack asainst the toivn where they have been British position was reestablished by prompt counterattacks At other points too German thrusts were repulsed before any breakthrough was achieved As in launching heir offensive Wednesday morning the Germans supported their drives with intense artillery fire and senl larger than usual formations of their airforcc to support the drive sending out 185 sorties In some these German air men broke through the allied sky patrols and bombed and shot up allied troops American heavy bombers flew almost double their previous record close support sorties however while RAF Wellingtons continued the attacks for the 6th night in succession to prevent the Germans from getting set for new thrusts Allied warships contributed to the battle on both fronts the British Cruiser Mauritius blasting the German road bottleneck at Formia just in front of the main 5th army front to the south while other warships took shots at Ger man longrange guns which have been shelling Anzio shipping MERCURY DROPS TO 15 BELOW Continuance of Cold WaveForecast in Iowa Des Moines mercury dropped to 15 below at Mason City and 14below zero at Sioux City early Friday and the weather bureau forecast colder weather in most of the state Friday night Fort Dodge had n minimum of 13 below Charles City 10 Ames and Lamoni G Burlington 7 Ce dar Rapids and Davenport 3 DCS Moities and Iowa City 2 Highest reading Thursday was 35 at Bur lington Snow ranging up to 4 inches at Burlington fell in the southeast section of the state Thursday The total amount now on the ground was 8 inches at Burlington Dav enport and Iowa City 5 and Feb 17 the soviet informa tion bureau said Sergeant Enters Doll in N Y Hobby Show New York Leonard Young of Brooklyn entered his pinup doll in the American hob by federations doll show plaining that he had made the dolls body on Guadalcanal from G I underwear A photograph of Betty Grabies face is pasted on the head IT ALSO LIVENS UP SLOWPAYS WHO FORGET THEIR NEW9PAPERBOV WHEN HE COLLECTS TOMORROW Your newspaper boy is busy tpo He will appreciate getting his money when he calls the first lime commodity credit corporalii ti June 30 1945 Mr Roosevelt said that it effect would reverse a congres sional policy and repeal the econ nomic stabilization act He said no major warring na tion had been able to stabilize liv ing costs xvithout subsidies and that he did not see how the wage line could be held if the bill be came law Once that line breaks he as serted food costs will rise still further and all other costs will go up including those of munitions and supplies for the armed forces The chief executive old congress that the legislation would destroy the stabilization program and I cannot accept responsibility for its disastrous consequences He said he hoped congress would not com pel these consequences The measure Mr Roosevelt de clared would boost the govern ments cost of food index at least 7 per cent and raise the entire cost of living materially Calling the roll on the added expense he said the housewife would encounter under the meas ure he listed Ten cents a pound more for but ter nearly 8 cents a pound more for cheese an additional cent a quart for milk an extra cent a loaf for bread 7 cents more for 10 pounds of flour 4 cents a pound more for hamburger cents for pork chops Si cents for sliced ham cents for chuck roast and 5 cents for round steak Mr Roosevelt urgently recom mended that congress extend the life of Ihe CCC without ham pering restrictions as soon as possible so that farmers can make plans for planting with knowledge o support prices on which they can depend German shell passed through The Germans apparentlv elected the city On the Anzio beachhead the al lies still were firmly holding their perimeter although the Germans Thursday twice broke through in bitter battle in one sector near Gisterna and were twice driven back The Germans nUemplcd a frontal attack straight down the 10 mile stretch of road from Car roceto to Anzio apparently willing to take enormous losses to carry out Adolf Hitlers demand that the British and Americans be driven off their springboard But they were met by a ter rific smash from allied air might including hundreds of flying fort resses and liberators which made the greatest heavy bomber effort ever waged in the Mediterranean area in support of ground troops Showering the enemy with thou sands of antipersonnel and Iras mentation bombs and other mis siles the big bombers attacked all alonft just behind the Germans front Clearing weather permitting the air forces to take off in strength also saw swarms of medium and lighter bombers roaming the bat tle area and plastering the enemy almost at will Allied airmen carried out 1500 sorties one of the biggest days they have had Although this had the effect of pinning down German armor and infantry bitter fighting still was raging along the beachhead Besides making his main effort down the Via Anziate toward An zio the enemy also struck in the Cistcrna area Two regiments pen etrated into allied lines but allied headquarters said the American to make the costly drive down the main road toward Anzio because the ground on either side ivas too soft to permit armor maneuvers Prior to the heavy shelling of Cassino American troops were re ported holding onethird of the town where they have been inch ing forward from one stronghold to another for nearly 2 weeks There was hard fighting Thurs day in Ihe degion of Albaneta ridge 2 miles west of Cassino where the Americans are striving to cut the highway to Rome but little change in positions took place The allies gained the peak of a hill but with drew under a German counter attack On the 8th army front additional snow blanketed the mountains but an Indian patrol chased off one enemy detachment and British artillery shelled enemy vehicles in the Miglianico area Spare Ration Stamp 3 Good for 5 Points in Pork Purchases Washington ration stamp No 3 in war ration book No 4 may be used for 5 points in purchases ot pork and all types of sausage through Saturday Feb 26 U may not be used for lard The office of price administra tioii OPA in announcing tile validation of the stamp effective immediately said civilian pork supplies in most parts of the country ore larger than antici pated due to continued large re ceipt of hogs Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued told Friday night lowest tem perature in Mason City 10 be low increasing cloudiness and much warmer Iowa Fair warmer west contin ued cold east portion Friday night Saturday increasing cloudiness and warmer fol lowed by light snow west por tion Saturday night Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and warmer Friday night Sat urday cloudy and warmer with occasional light snow followed by snow flurries and colder north portion in afternoon and entire state Saturday evening IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 21 Min Thursday night 15 At B a m Friday Ja At a m Friday 4 YEAR AGO Maximum 24 Minimum 7 Great Task Force Used by Americans By WILLIAM F TYKEE Pearl Harbor of the reatest carrier task forces ever assembled in any ocean was be lieved Friday to have blasted a trail of sinking ships wrecked planes and devastated shore in stallations through Truk Japans Pearl Harbor in a mighty as sault only a little more than 2000 miles south of Tokyo The task force resumed radio silence after flashing word that it had begun the assault Wednesday dawn but Adm Chester W Nim iti announcement that several hundred dive bombers torpedo bombers and fighters were par ticipating was taken as a certain indication that heavy damage was inflicted on Japans biggest base outside home waters Reconnaissance p h o to g r a phs taken by i marine liberator bombers on Feb 4 in the first al lied flight ever made over Truk showed at least 25 warships in cluding 2 aircraft carriers numer ous lighter warships and supply ships in the huge lagoon Though Nimitz communique re ferred only to the commence ment of the attack there was no confirmation that it continued for more than one day at the longest It also was doubted here that the bombing and strafing raids were supplemented by any naval bom bardment since such action would bring the task force dangerously close to coastal batteries The assault touched off specu lation as to whether an attempt to seize Truk was contemplated but there was no informatior here official or otherwise as to whether the raid was a prelude to invasion The huge American task force under Adm Raymond A Spruance under whose cornmanc Kwajalein atoll in the Marshalls was wrested from the Japanese Weather on Channel Improves Steadily Up to Month of May London ffi English channel weather generally improves each month from January through May with May the most favorable a survey of channel weather sta tistics disclosed Friday Year after year there are fewer gales and less fog and rainfall during the 5th month at both the channel extremities the Scilly islands on the west and Dunge ness on the east The Scilly area averages Icss than 5 hours of gales during all of May and Dungcncss averages less than 8 How to Pronounce Jap Isle Fortress By The Associated Press Truk Japans fortress in the Caroline islands is pronounced as though it were spelled Trook The double o is long as in food nearly 2 weeks ago penetrated 3200 miles west of Pearl Harboi into the heart of Japans man dated Caroline islands for attack It carried the war to a basi Japan long has considered im pregnable 2100 miles east o Manila and 940 miles west of lh nearest American base at newly conquered Knajaleiii Carrier approach task lorces normall within 100 miles and F RLaughs Still Withholds Intimation of Political Intent Washington resident Roosevelt got a good laugh out of 4th term questions at a pressra dio conference Friday but still withheld any Intimation of his poi litiral intentions The vice president says youll be reelected in 1944 a re porter remarked Do you think hes a very good prophet The chief executive retorted At it again Hes not so sure himself Mr President another newsman chipped in Keep on going its all right Mr Roosevelt replltd Its good for a laugh any time Some one wanted to know who was at it again and the dent said you fellows often much closer before launch ing their planes Their targets Truk lay on a group of 70 islands protected by 1 great encircJ reef with a radius ol 30 miles in side of which the whole Japanesi fleet could anchor The photographs brought back by the 2 marine liberators tha flew 2000 miles over enemy wa ters from a south Pacific bas showed huge ship concentration in the lagoon one island almos literally covered with airfields heavy coastal guns on all 5 majo islands and palatial living quar ters It was believed the attacker already have blazed a trail o sinking ships wrecked aircraf and devastated shore installation through Truk The U S Pacific fleet has beei attempting io draw tho Japaiicsi i fleetinto battle for a year or more and has massed the largest concentration of warships in his tory in the Pacific for a show down battle but the enemy has shown no lastc for battle since the series of engagements in the Solomons in 1942 HOLD STATE CONTEST Odcbolt contestants from 17 Iowa communities were scheduled to compete here Friday in the state high school speech prcsi contest The contestants arc win ncrs of 4 district competitions ARAWE William H Phillips left of Crystal Springs Miss and Pvt Granutsos of Pittsburgh Pa watch for enemy action at an Arawe New Britain outpost REPORT BATTLE CONTINUING AT STRATEGIC ISLE Nipponese Broadcasts Says Jap Troops Fight Mechanized U S Units By UNITED PKtSS reported Friday that jowerlul Amciicun mechanized units as well as ahforces had lUacketl Truk and that fighting vith our troops is now going on dccording to the United States oreign broadcast intelligence icrvice There was uo confirmation in official United States sources of he clear enemy implication trial forces had landed on fruk the Japanese Pearl Har bor of the Pacific Neither army lor navy would comment The United Press recorded an mperUil headquarters announce ment broadcast from Tokyo which said Japanese army and navy units were engaged in fierce Ighting against the Americans in the Truk area Since Tuesday morning Tokyo imc a powerful enemy task force was repeatedly carrying out jombing attacks upon Truk is land it said Intercepting this enemy force the imperial army and navy units of the same area were engaged in fierce fighting London newspapers simultane ously quoted a Japanese com munique as saying that Ameri cans had landed on Truk under cover of a smashing assault by carrierbased planes Doinci the official Japanese news agency in a broadcast re corded at a m EWT by the foreign broadcast intelligence service also said This present attack by the en emy is not the real thinr and it seems that it does not go bejrend the scope of a Strongreconoaia sanee Admiral Chester W Nimilz Pa cific fleet headquarters had been silent on the Truk attack since p m CWT Thursday when a short communique announced that it was launched al dawn Wed nesday Domci hinting that the Japanese fleet was not ready to take up the challenge carried to the heart of the Carolines said that the main force of our invincible navy is bid ing its time until the very end In the face of the admission of unwillingness on the part of their navy lo act now against the American push toward Tokyo the Japanese said that it now is look ing for the golden opportunity to destroy the enemy at one stroke The London versions of the Jap anese communique said that when the Americans attacked Truk de fending troops engaged them at once and ficrci iAnting now is goins on between our forces and the enemy Though London newspapers put banner headlines on the landing story the only Tokyo communique on the Truk assault reported by American listening posts lold of continuing air in their 2nd fierce fight ing U S Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor revealed in a 39 word communique Thursday that powerful naval tusk forces had begun an attack oti Truk Wednes day dawn Thursday Tokyo time with hundreds of planes participat ing but lias released no further details The London version of the Japa nese communique said American landing attempts in the Truk group of 70 islands lias been in progress since Thursday morn ing Japanese troops immediately engaged the enemy the commu nique was quoted Formations of carrierbased aimlancs belonging to the enemy task force repeated ly raided our positions on the Truk islands Fierce fighting is now go ing on between our forces and the enemy The U S foreign broadcast in telligence service said that it re corded a Domci broadcast of what appeared to be a summary of the same communique at a m EWT The text was as fol lows Tokyo Feb head quarters in a communique issued at 4 i m revealed that a for mation ot currierbased planes belonging to an enemy task force raided our positions on the Truk island since Thursday morning The announcement added that fierce fighting is now going on between our forces and the enemy A later Chxmgking broadcast re corded by government monitors quoted the Japanese radio that tsrong motorized Japanese forces and Japanese troops arc involved in fierce and continuing action op posing American forces which landed on Truk British broadcasting corpora tion Monitors in London said they ;