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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 18, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME BfPHKlUfHT MISTOfty AND AftCHIVCS UOINCS IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES HOME EDITION irmni MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 18 1943 THIS PAPEH CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 113 NAZIS CAPTURE 3 TUNISIAN TOWNS IT c r U b lank Forces Withdraw to Algeria in Central Section WEDGES DRIVEN FROMKHARKOV KURSK BY REDS More Towns Captured as Russians Continue to Sweep Forward MOSCOW reel army is smashing westward and widen ing its wedges in the Kharkov and Kursk regions at the northern end of the active RussianGerman battlefront and its columns have pierced deeper into Donets basin territory in drives threatening the Germans retreating from Rostov the Russians announced Thurs day Some of the actions were de scribed as cleaning out the remnants of German strong holds left in the rear of soviet troops which had swept around them for spectacular gains The Germans admitted Thurs day the tall of Kharkov which the Russians announced two days ago city of Kharkov was eva cuated by our troops after sys tematic destruction Us im portant installations the high commands communique saici German panzers dispersed an enemy regiment to the south the city in the course or a coun terattack The luUwaffe attacked enemy assault groups and march ing columns in the Kharkov area The communique claimed that red army thrusts north of Kursk and south of Late Ladogawere repelled West of Kharkov our troops continued their successful of fensive inflicting heavy blows on the remnants of routed Ger man units the Russians said The Hitlerite path of retreat is covered with the bodies of dead enemy officers and men as well as with abandoned German heavy and light arms North of Kursk a number towns were captured and north west of the city and west of soviet units forced a water cros sing and stormed into another large town it was announced Under the blows of our units enemy troops are retreating with heavy losses the Russians said Possibly the latter city was Dmitnev which lies across a trib utary of the Seim river The of fensive in this region threatens to fashion a pincers from the south about Orel the last remaining German stronghold on the line from which they launched last summers offensive In London the offensives in these areas were regarded as a race for the upper reaches oC the Dnieper river with the red army striking from Kharkov to Kiev 260 miles west in an effort to turn any German defenses based on the river Southward it was considered likely that Zaporozhe 45 miles south of Dniepcropetrovsk would be tnc target the southern clamp on the river valley Bomber Crashes in South Dakota Killing 12 Members of Crew HURON s Dak Wit nesses said Thursday that a four motored bomber exploded in flight before it crashed in a va cant lot on the outskirts of Huron killing all 12 crew members The big ship flying at an alti tude of 1000 feet crashed in a residential district late Wednes day narrowly missing several homes near the lot John Baker who watched as the plane flew overhead said he heard the motors miss Two disi linct explosions followed he said Parts of the tail and one wini i came he said Then lie plane nosed straight lor the ground Flames shot up about 30 feetalter it hit Army authorities were unable to determine where the bomber was based Officers flew here Wednesday night from Sioux City Iowa and Rapid City S Dak the nearest air bases but were unable to identify the plane after an inspection of its charred wreckage The bodies were taken to a mortuary Mme Chiang Japs Stronger Potentially Than Germans MME CHIANG KAISHEK KRUEGER WILL LEAD NEW UNIT To Command U S Army in Southwest Pacific WASHINGTON The ar rival of Lt Gen Walter Krueger in Australia to take command of n new field army of American troops the sixth army to be lorm units already in the south west Pacific was announced Thursday by Secretary of War Stimson Krueger formerly commander of the 3rd army with headquar ters at San Antonio Texas went to Australia at the request of Gen eral Douglas MacArthur Stimson said because the strength of American forces in the southwest Pacific has reached such propor tions that the organization of a field army there appeared de sirable MacArthur retains his post as commander in chief or allied forces in the southwest Pacific and Stimson said also that Krue gers new assignment would not affect the status of Lt Gen Rob ert L Eichelberger Eichclbeiger the secretary said is a corps commander Stimson added that he has had a very gallant record in the field command of troops during the Papuan campaign in New Guinea Krueger is succeeded in the 3rd army command by Maj Gen Courtney H Hodges who becomes a lieutenant general by virtue his new job Secretary Stimson told his press conference Thursday not to draw too hasty conclusions from Krue gcrs appointment that any large scale offensive in the southwest Pacific was imminent Officers who have known Krue ger for many years regard him as just about the most completely military man in the army A sol dier on duty all day he goes home at night and studies military his tory pores over military maps bones up on campaigns and tacti cal theories At 62 the Germanborn Krue ger looks much younger despite his grizzled hair Hes of medium height compactly built and a rather humorous expression which say those who know hides one of the sternest disciplinarians and perfectionists in uniform Urges Allies Put Drive on Nippon High on Tirnetable of Victory WASHINGTON UB Mme Chiang KaiShek told an intently listening congress Thursday that the united nations must place Ja pan high on the timetable of vic tory and then when axis military might has been destroyed combine to create a post war world safe against another orgv of blood Her voice rose to a high pitch and herredpainted finger nails duj into her fist as she declared lhat Japan is potentially stronger than Germany and holds a waiting sword of Damocles ready to descend al a moments notice The house applauded thunder ously at that statement every member risina to his feet When she asked for establish ment of a corporate body ot na tions to safeguard peace after this iar there was a moments silence Then brief applause started on the democratic side The stateswoman wife of the Chinese generalissimo received enthusiastic ovations not only in the house but in the senate Clad in a Ion2 Chinese dress of shimmering black silk split at the bottom she first spoke briefly in the senate Then she went to the house and delivered a formal ad dress which was broadcast Top diplomats supreme court justices and cabinet members heard her in one chamber or the other Takinr issue with the pre vailing opinion that defeat of Japan can wait upon destruction of Germanys warmaking Power the charming and beau tiful visitor made a dramatic ap peal to America for more aid to China W Before a hushed and crowded house chamber in her first public appearance she praised America as not only the cauldron of democracy but the incubator of democratic principles She hoped that the congress of that America would help to make a postwar world in which it will be impos sible for anyone to plunge future generations into another orgy of blood The address of he famous Americaneducated wife of the Chinese generallissimo was in impeccable English and woven into it were the sayings of old Chinese philosophers to illustrate important points She concluded with this philo sophical advice from a nation long loni by war to one barely initiated in its hardships From five and a half years of experience we in China are con vinced that it is the better part of wisdom not to accept failure ignominiously but to risk it gloriously We shall have faUh thai at the wriling of peace America and our other sallanl allies will not be bounded by the miraRe of contingent reasons ol expedi ency Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier hoy IT GEX WALTER KRUEGER Mans mettle is tested bot adversity and in success Twice is this true of the soul of a na tion Madame Chiang left no doubt that her mission here now that her treatment for an old injury has been pronounced successful is to convince Americans that the Japanese are no less a dangerous foe than the Germans She prefaced her revicxv of Japanese strength with this Chi nese saying It takes little effort to watch the other fellow carry the load The prevailing opinion now she i added seems to consider the de feat of the Japanese as of relative unimportance and that Hitler is our first concern This is not borne out iy ac tual facts slie said nor is it to the interests of the united nations as a whole o allow Japan lo continue not only as a vital potential threat but as a waitiiiK sword of Damocles ready to descend at a moments notice Japanese military must be decimated as a fighting force be fore its threat to civilization is removed She praised the American naval victories at Midway and in the Coral sea but emphasized that they are merely steps in the right direction The six months battle at Guadalcanal attests to the fact she said that the defeat of evil forces though long and arduous will finally come lo pass SAVE OUR SUPPLIES and and supplies arc being curried out of reach of flames which envelop a depot established by allied troops near Souk El Arba Tunisia This photo is from U S army signal corps film Says 1500000 of Draft Age Can Be Lefton Farms Hershey Looks Toward 1 I000000 Men in U S Armed Forces CHURCHILL WINS SUPPORT VOTE Move to Condemn Security Plan Beaten LONDON house of commons Thursday defeated a la draft age on the farms mor party amendment condemning the governments attitude toward the Beveridge social security pro gram by a voteof335 to 119 The issue seriously threatened IAarmes in the 3C classification for the first time a mnmrift Already he said 25G82fi have the first time a major rift in the solidarity of Prime Minister Churchills coalition government as the labor members voted almost solidly against the governments nolicv toward the Beveridge pro gram The house previously had never cast more than 25 votes against the Churchill government on any major issue The labor members numbering 1GB in the house took their stand despite the linal arguments of Herbert Morrison a labor mem ber of the war cabinet who de fended the government and thus opposed partv members of his own The position of the labor partys 22 ministers of all ranks in the government was placed in doubt immediately The 22 ministers including three members of the war Clement Attlee deputy prime min ister Labor Minister Ernest Eevin and sched uled a mectine to consider wheth er or not they should resign irt view ot the labor partys action The 119 votes aEainst He gov ernments attitude were mostly laborites and the labor ministers thereby were placed in the posi tion ol bcint in a cabinet of which their own party disapproved The program proposed by Sir William Beveridge in a report Dec 1 embraced a cradctothcgravc system of pensions unemployment and health insurance death bene fits and birth and marriage boun ties The plan would cost 000000 the first year it was esti mated the expense to be borne by a pool to which government em ployers and employes would con tribute been classified as 2C and 107 17G as 3C Hershey cautioned against in terfering with the military effort Hershey reiterated that his job was to obtain men for the serv ices and not to determine the size of the armed force A senate agriculture subcom mittee meanwhile voted to de mand an explanation from mili tary authorities of the needs for an armed force of 11200000 Chairman Smith DS Car said General George C Marshall war department chief of staff would be summoned early next week We are going lo find out who fixed this figure as the amount the army navy and maritime commission will have to have Smith asserted Favor Deferment of 2 Communist Party Members Freed of Syndicalism Charges OKLAHOMA CITY communist parly members their convictions on syndicalism charges reversed expect another reversal one from their draft boards They want out of SF class where their convictions forced them and into IA The pair Alan Shaw parly sec retary for Oklahoma and EU Jaf fee a party worker together with Mrs Ina Wood Wednesday won their appeal to the state criminal court of appeals that the trial court erred in holding member ship in the communist parly was a felony under the syndicalism law and that their convictions were unwarranted All had been sentenced to 10 I year prison terms and fined 55000 WASHINGTON Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey serv ice director told a senate agricul ture subcommittee Thursday he believed it would be possible to maintain 11000000 men in the armed services without 1500000 physically men He estimated that by next Dec 31 there will be 435000 single farmers classified in the deferred 2C listing and 2627000 married CITE NEW DRIVE AGAINST CHINA Tokio Radio Tells of All Out Offensive LONDON Tokio broad cast recorded Thursday oy Reu a Japanese army as announcing tha ters quoted spokesman Japan now plans to take all con ceivable measures to crush Chung king indicating that a new Japanese offensive ir central China was the beginning of nn allout effort to achieve thib aim StimsonSays Lines Were Lightly Held WASHINGTON if War Stimsoj said Thursday hat American forces in central Tunisia had suffered a serious ocal setback which should not e minimized but still less should t be exaggerated Reports arc incomplete the sec told his press conference but the American forces appar ntly have suffered rather heavy casualties in both personnel and equipment with a number oC anks destroyed by German dive jombers in the fighting of the ast four days Stimson said the axis attack against the relatively lightlyheld American lines in central Tunisia came while the British 8th army n Triuolitania was occupied in and the British first iiiny in northern Tunisia was mud bound but apparently was intended only to widen the corri dor along the coast between Ger man forces in northern and south ern Tunisia and was not the be ginning of any large scale offen sive by the axis forces While a serious local reverse Stimson sjiid the American losses of recent dnys constituted one of those reverses which must be ex pected from time to time in an operation of the size of the Tuni sian campaign When we pass to the offensive on various fronts we may expect heavy casualties Stiinson said To date our casualties have been relatively light except in the Phil ippines Woman Undresses in News Office Startles Reporters GREAT FALLS Mont Newspapermen arent the cynical blase characters the movies woulc have you belief When a young woman enterec the city room of the Great Falls Tribune and took off all her cloth ing the reporters were slartlcc and even embarrassed Blushing like schoolboys they called the police The officers were flustered too but they wrapped the girl in a blanket and led her off to the sta tion The girl identified as Miss An toinette Daniels 20 said she had mistaken the Tribune building lor her hotel She was booked on a drunken ness charge until she could recov er her sense of direction Japanese Offensive in Hupeh Province Grows in Intensity CHUNGKING Chinese army spokesman declared Thurs day that fighting in central Hu peh province where the Japanese have been attacking from their bases north of the Yangtze rivei in the Shasiichang area growing in intensity In this area where the Japanese have pene trated closest to Chungking thi invaders apparently are conduct ing a carefully prepared opera tion with eight columns takin part in attacks which began Men day Sliced Bread Makes Men With Children Brief Reappearance WASHINGTON a 25 to IT C L I vote the house military affairs Is Ureatlv in Demand immti t PP nnfirnxrofT t committee approved Thursday the Kilday bill to give men with chil dren draft deferment priority and to put selective service draft cjuo tas on a state wide instead of a local board basis The commute wrote inlo the bill an amendment by Represen tative Elston ROhio to make clear that men shall not be in ducted by occupational croups The purpose of the amendment Elslon said was lo prevent the carrying out of War Manpower commissiou proposal to draft men in nonessential work regardless of dependency Chairman May DKy of the military committee said he would ask the rules committee to clear the bill for prompt action by he house probably next week It was opposed by selective serv ice officials and war department spokesmen The bill would scl up four Rroups of men and provide for their induction on a croup basis with no out in a hishcr category being called for induction while qualified men in lower catc sorits were available if The order of the groupings place single men in the first category single men with collateral depen dents in the second married men without children in the third and married men with childrcn in llie fourth In effect no married men with children could be drafted while there were available within his state finglc men or married men without children HOUSTON Texas bread r i e fl Houston and housewives almost trampled each other in the rush The two in a packet distributed as free samples by a baker Customers tried vainly to buy them by the dozen 2 Trains Hit Killing Illinois Man STERLING 111 OTV Chicago and Northwestern trains running in opposite directions struck William Giblins automo the 47 year old Harmon III far mer An eastbound mail trail struck the machine at a crossing about a block from the roads de pot throwing it into the path of westbound freight train whicl carried the machine for about 301 feet CHURCHILL IS ILL LONDON Minister Churchill is suffering a feverish cold and is confined to his bed it was announced Thursday at No 10 Downing street Report Anxiety Over Condition of Gandhi BOMBAY India India government communique report ed Thursday that there was deep ening anxiety over the condition of Mohandas K Gandhi now in the second week of his projected 21day fast Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Somewhat warm er Thursday afternoon Little change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon Lowest temperature Thursday night in Mason City 13 IOWA Somewhat wanner Thurs day night and Friday forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer extreme southeast somewhat colder northwest and extreme north portions Thursday night Not much change in temperature Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 24 Minimum Wednesday night 7 At 8 a m Thursday U YEAR AGO MaximuVn s Minimum u beloiv Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ROMMEL FLANK IS MENACED BY BRITISH FORCES Defeat Suffered by Americans at Hands of Expert Desert Tankmen ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA armored formations withdrew Thursday into the mountains be low Tcbessa in Algeria after re ceiving a severe mauling at the lands of Marshal Envin Rommels expert desert tankmen who occu pied the towns of Sbeitla Kaster ine and Feriana in a GO mile ad vance since Sunday from Faid pass in central Tunisia A Berlin broadcast quoted Copl L u d w i g Serterious the TransOcean news agencys mili tary writer as saying that forma tions of the British first army were moving toward the battle arena from the region west JedjezElBab and hard fighting is still to be expected At the same time lie declared the German troops had captured he railway center of Metlaoui 22 miles west of Gafsa and two oases on the northwestern fringe of the Chott Djerid Tozeur 45 miles southwest of Gafsa and Ncfta 20 miles far ther southwest Moreover the broadcast said that nazi forces had reached the Algerian border in that area 20 miles west ot Ncfta These state ments were not substantiated by the German high command anol they were not confirmed in allied The axis troops had xvrested 4000 square miles of territory from U S armored forces in four days and sent their vanguards al most to the border of Algeria Tebessa is about 12 miles in side Algeria from the Tunisian frontier and is the next communi cations center after withdrawal from the three towns along the Tunisian In their first allout armored lialtlc of this war acainst the Germans forward field reports indicated American tank for mations have suffered a decisive defeat HIirch observers here likened to that received by the British eighth army at Ain El Gazala west of Tobruk last summer when llommcl began his advance into Effypt The final result did not appear yan battle last summer however because the British first army in the north and the advancing British eighth army in the south both menaced Rommel on his flank Field reports indicated that the Germans had captured a consider able portion of the American arm ored equipment including new medium General Sherman tanks It was not known how much of this equipment Rommel would be able to repair and use or how great his own losses were but it was strongly indicated that the Ger man attack had succeeded in de stroying American armorcd strength to the point where any advance by a successful counter attack in the near future was un likely Tile general feeling by ob servers at headquarters was thai Rommel may have gone as far yJlMAHOIA FAID K2M WHERE NAZIS arrows indicate German drives against American positions in Tunisia where nazi tank forces captured Sbeitla and Feriana Original German drive came through Faid pass from the eastern coastal re gion To the north allied observers saw the possibility of a German drive broken arrow souttnvcstward toward Bou Chcrkn ;